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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222962/east-meets-west-historical-investigation-of-non-operative-biliary-interventions
#1
EDITORIAL
Takao Itoi, Todd H Baron
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has become an established procedure not only for diagnosis using direct opacification, but also for various therapeutic interventions within the pancreaticobiliary system. This concept, "non-operative and intraluminal retrograde approach to the ampulla of Vater", which is the outlet for both the pancreatic duct and bile duct, was first described by radiologists Rabinov and Simon in 1965 [1]. They performed cannulation and injection of the ampulla of Vater by intubation using a new instrument through the mouth under television fluoroscopic control...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222221/acute-pancreatitis-following-oesophagogastroduodenoscopy
#2
Nnamdi Arinze Nwafo
Acute pancreatitis is a well-recognised complication of endoscopic procedures like endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography but not oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD). I report a case of a 33-year-old woman, admitted with severe epigastric pain and vomiting 2 hours after an elective OGD for evaluation of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms. Pancreatitis was diagnosed on the basis of elevated lipase (40 790 U/L; normal 11-82) and findings on imaging studies. Other common causes of acute pancreatitis such as gallstones, alcohol and medications were ruled out...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221786/access-to-excluded-structures-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-experience-in-a-high-level-bariatric-center-without-a-technical-platform-for-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#3
D Verscheure, D Gianfranco, P Tammaro, J L Dumont, J P Marmuse, K Arapis
BACKGROUND: Rapid weight loss after bariatric surgery is associated with a high prevalence of gallstone formation. In laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP), the bypassed segment is not readily available for endoscopic or radiographic examination. We propose a laparoscopic Janeway gastrostomy for secondary access to excluded structures in bariatric centers with no mandatory technical equipment in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), double-balloon ERCP or spiral enteroscopy...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218317/agreement-between-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-and-endobiliary-brush-cytology-in-suspected-pancreaticobiliary-malignancies
#4
Matthew J Sullivan, Hope Kincaid, Shashin Shah, Hiral N Shah
Background and study aims:  For suspected pancreaticobiliary malignancies, endobiliary brush cytology during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) remains the diagnostic test of choice despite historically poor and variable sensitivity. This has led to increased use of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) as an initial test. Recently, our institution began using a cytology brush that was designed specifically to collect a more substantial and higher-quality sample...
December 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213025/-a-case-of-non-invasive-ipmc-with-fibrotic-lesion-like-tubular-complex
#5
Yasuaki Abe, Kenji Kimura, Hiromune Shimamura, Kazunori Takeda, Hiroyoshi Suzuki, Junko Sakurada, Kazuyuki Ishida, Katsuaki Ukai
A 73-year-old man was incidentally diagnosed with a cystic lesion in the pancreatic body. Ultrasonography, abdominal computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, and endoscopic ultrasound were performed, and a nodule was detected in the cystic lesion along with an irregularity of the main pancreatic duct. An initial diagnosis of a mixed-type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm was made, and a central pancreatectomy was performed. However, the final diagnosis was altered to non-invasive intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma (IPMC)...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212315/post-ercp-bleeding-in-the-era-of-multiple-antiplatelet-agents
#6
Hyoung-Chul Oh, Ihab I El Hajj, Jeffrey J Easler, James Watkins, Evan L Fogel, Lee McHenry, Glen A Lehman, Jung Sik Choi, Hyun Kang, Stuart Sherman
Background/Aims: This study aimed to determine the risk of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (post-ERCP) bleeding among patients taking antiplatelet agents (APAs), particularly in the era of multiple APAs. Methods: The primary outcomes were the frequency, type, and severity of ERCP-related bleeding according to the use of APAs. Results: The frequencies of post-ERCP bleeding among the four different groups were 16 of 2,083 (0...
December 8, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207858/can-endoscopic-ultrasonography-prevent-unnecessary-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-patients-with-high-and-intermediate-likelihood-of-choledocholithiasis
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205025/can-we-prevent-post-ercp-pancreatitis
#8
Antti Siiki, Johanna Laukkarinen
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the primary method for treating cholestasis and biliary tract gallstones. Although noninvasive imaging has replaced ERCP in diagnostics, ERCP remains the mainstay in collecting diagnostic specimens from the biliary tract. ERCP carries a risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis, which can vary from mild to life-threatening. Difficult cannulation is the most important risk factor for pancreatitis. Careful patient selection and adequate endoscopy training are the foundation of safe ERCP practice...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201808/management-of-traumatic-liver-and-bile-duct-laceration
#9
Charu Tiwari, Hemanshi Shah, Mukta Waghmare, Kiran Khedkar, Pankaj Dwivedi
Posttraumatic major bile leak in children is uncommon, with few cases reported in the literature. These injuries are seen in high-grade liver trauma and are difficult to diagnose and manage. We describe a 7-year-old boy with grade IV hepatic trauma and bile leak following blunt abdominal trauma. The leak was successfully managed by percutaneous drainage and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) stenting of the injured hepatic duct. How to cite this article: Tiwari C, Shah H, Waghmare M, Khedkar K, Dwivedi P...
July 2017: Euroasian journal of hepato-gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201807/ascitic-fluid-serum-bilirubin-ratio-as-an-aid-in-preoperative-diagnosis-of-choleperitoneum-in-a-neglected-case-of-spontaneous-common-bile-duct-perforation
#10
Farhanul Huda, Manisha Naithani, Sudhir K Singh, Sarama Saha
Spontaneous perforation of extrahepatic biliary system is a rare and potentially fatal cause of acute abdomen. Clinical presentation is as biliary peritonitis. This condition is rarely suspected as a cause of peritonitis preoperatively and correct diagnosis is made during surgery. If suspected, diagnosis can be made by various imaging techniques like hepatobiliary scintigraphy, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). As these imaging techniques are not readily available, especially in low socioeconomic countries, we hereby report a case of spontaneous common bile duct (CBD) perforation, which was diagnosed preoperatively by estimation of ascitic fluid-to-serum bilirubin ratio, a simple, quick, and cost-effective test...
July 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201486/gallstone-pancreatitis-a-common-but-often-overlooked-cause-of-abdominal-pain-in-post-liver-transplant-patients
#11
Napatt Kanjanahattakij, Kamolyut Lapumnuaypol, Sanna Fatima, Eyob Feyssa
Introduction: In general population, gallstone pancreatitis is the most common cause of pancreatitis. However, there are very few literatures that address this topic in post-liver-transplant patients. Clinical Case: A 69-year-old female who had a liver transplant in 2015 due to hepatocellular carcinoma and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) cirrhosis. She had a recent episode of acute cellular rejection that was treated with high dose methylprednisolone 1 week prior to admission...
2017: Case Reports in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195779/implementation-of-remote-video-auditing-with-feedback-and-compliance-for-manual-cleaning-protocols-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-endoscopes
#12
Donna Armellino, Kelly Cifu, Maureen Wallace, Sherly Johnson, John DiCapua, Oonagh Dowling, Mitchel Jacobs, Susan Browning
A pilot initiative to assess the use of remote video auditing in monitoring compliance with manual-cleaning protocols for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) endoscopes was performed. Compliance with manual-cleaning steps following the initiation of feedback was measured. A video feed of the ERCP reprocessing room was provided to remote auditors who scored items of an ERCP endoscope manual-cleaning checklist. Compliance feedback was provided in the form of reports and reeducation. Outcomes were reported as checklist compliance...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192371/management-of-horizontal-duodenal-perforation-a-report-of-three-cases-and-review-of-literature
#13
Pramod Nepal, Kosei Maemura, Yuko Mataki, Hiroshi Kurahara, Yota Kawasaki, Kiyokazu Hiwatashi, Satoshi Iino, Masahiko Sakoda, Takaaki Arigami, Sumiya Ishigami, Hiroyuki Shinchi, Shoji Natsugoe
BACKGROUND: Perforation of the horizontal duodenum is very rare due to the presence in retroperitoneal space. It depicts an unusual clinical picture and is difficult to diagnose, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. The treatment strategies are usually varied and based on small series of cases, literature reviews, and expert opinions. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we presented three cases of horizontal duodenal perforation in three different clinical processes...
December 1, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192137/application-of-fully-covered-self-expandable-metallic-stents-with-and-without-antimigration-waist-versus-repeated-plastic-biliary-stent-placement-in-management-of-anastomotic-biliary-strictures-after-orthotopic-liver-transplantation
#14
Samir Zeair, Filip Butkiewicz, Jacek Butkiewicz, Robert Stasiuk
BACKGROUND Standard methods for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) management of anastomotic strictures (AS) after OLT includes repeated balloon dilation of the stricture with subsequent insertion of a plastic biliary stent (PBS). In post-OLT patients not responding to standard endoscopic treatment, the placement of fully covered self-expanding metal stents (FCSEMS) is a valid alternative to surgical treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the results of new FCSEMS implantation with the standard ERCP stricture management protocol and with conventional FCSEMS insertion...
December 1, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191675/single-stage-laparoscopic-management-of-choledocholithiasis-an-analysis-after-implementation-of-a-mastery-learning-resident-curriculum
#15
Ben Schwab, Ezra N Teitelbaum, Jeffrey H Barsuk, Nathaniel J Soper, Eric S Hungness
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration is an underutilized treatment for choledocholithiasis. We sought to evaluate the impact of a simulation-based mastery-learning curriculum for surgical residents on laparoscopic common bile duct exploration utilization and to compare outcomes for patients treated with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration versus endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). METHODS: The number of laparoscopic common bile duct explorations performed before and after curriculum implementation was reviewed and outcomes were compared between patients with choledocholithiasis managed with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography...
November 27, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191275/screening-of-patients-at-risk-for-familial-pancreatic-cancer-what-is-bene%C3%AF-cial
#16
REVIEW
Robert J Torphy, Richard D Schulick
Family history is a significant risk factor for developing pancreatic cancer and this hereditary risk can be secondary to familial cancer predisposition syndromes, hereditary pancreatitis, or familial pancreatic cancer. Certain high-risk individuals are recommended to undergo screening for pancreatic cancer with endoscopic ultrasound or MRI/magnetic resonance retrograde cholangiopancreatography because of the potential to identify and curatively resect precursor lesions. The management of suspicious lesions identified on screening high-risk individuals is also discussed...
February 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190631/a-retrospective-review-of-the-diagnostic-and-management-challenges-of-mirizzi-syndrome-at-the-singapore-general-hospital
#17
Wei Ming Seah, Ye Xin Koh, Peng Chung Cheow, Pierce K H Chow, Chung Yip Chan, Ser Yee Lee, London L P J Ooi, Alexander Y F Chung, Brian K P Goh
BACKGROUND: Mirizzi syndrome (MS) occurs when gallstone impaction in Hartmann's pouch results in extrinsic obstruction of the common bile duct, and fistulation may occur. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed electronic records of patients surgically treated for MS from November 2001 to June 2012. Patient presentations, diagnostic methods, treatments and complications were recorded. RESULTS: Sixty-four patients were grouped according to a classification proposed by Beltran et al...
November 30, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189885/invited-review-the-tale-of-ecirs-endoscopic-combined-intrarenal-surgery-in-the-galdakao-modified-supine-valdivia-position
#18
REVIEW
Cesare Marco Scoffone, Cecilia Maria Cracco
Modern-day percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) has undergone considerable evolution, mainly driven by the improvement in access techniques, endoscopic instrumentation technology, lithotripsy devices and drainage management. The introduction of the supine and supine-modified positions is also part of this evolution, enabling comfortable and safe procedures from an anaesthesiological point of view, and an easy combined retrograde surgery [Endoscopic Combined IntraRenal Surgery (ECIRS)], allowing tailoring of the procedure on the patient, the dynamic anatomy of the collecting system and the urolithiasis...
November 30, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188552/intrahepatic-subcapsular-biloma-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-treated-by-endoscopic-biliary-drainage
#19
Hiroaki Igarashi, Hiroko Yamashita, Kiyoshi Tsuchiya, Dai Sugimoto, Itsuro Ogata
Several major complications from endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), including pancreatitis, cholangitis, and hemorrhage have been discussed in detail; however, a few uncommon but severe complications have been reported. We encountered an unusual case of post-ERCP intrahepatic subcapsular biloma. An 89-year-old woman with a 25-mm mass located at the hepatic hilum, suggestive of cholangiocarcinoma, underwent ERCP which demonstrated complete stricture of the common hepatic duct. Subsequently, two plastic stents were placed from the common bile duct to the right and left intrahepatic branches...
November 29, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187327/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-the-elderly-over-75-years-old-a-survey
#20
Coralie Labarias, Cédric Leguillou, Jean-François Bourgaux
Whilst endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is being practiced on increasingly older patients, its benefits have not been well studied. This study assessed the clinical benefit of ERCP for subjects aged 75 and over, including follow-up at 3 months of geriatric functional parameters and lifestyle. This is a prospective mono-centric, cohort study. All patients aged 75 and over receiving ERCP were enrolled and monitored for a period of 3 months. We recorded 53 inclusions between November 1st 2014 to 31 May 2015...
December 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
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