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Adenomyosis and treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944048/dysmenorrhea-and-related-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Mariagiulia Bernardi, Lucia Lazzeri, Federica Perelli, Fernando M Reis, Felice Petraglia
Dysmenorrhea is a common symptom secondary to various gynecological disorders, but it is also represented in most women as a primary form of disease. Pain associated with dysmenorrhea is caused by hypersecretion of prostaglandins and an increased uterine contractility. The primary dysmenorrhea is quite frequent in young women and remains with a good prognosis, even though it is associated with low quality of life. The secondary forms of dysmenorrhea are associated with endometriosis and adenomyosis and may represent the key symptom...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914672/endometrial-changes-in-surgical-specimens-of-perimenopausal-patients-treated-with-ulipristal-acetate-for-uterine-leiomyomas
#2
Francisco F Nogales, Vicente Crespo-Lora, Nelly Cruz-Viruel, Clara Chamorro-Santos, Christine Bergeron
Ulipristal acetate (UPA) is used to treat leiomyomas, and its effect on the endometrium has been studied in biopsy material. Reversible histologic modifications were found, named progesterone receptor modulators-associated endometrial changes (PAEC). However, hysterectomies from patients treated with UPA have not been analyzed. For the first time, we examined surgical specimens from 100 leiomyoma-treated patients for UPA-related endometrial changes. We analyzed the distribution of lesions, involution after treatment, and the relationship between type and extent of lesions and dosage...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911934/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-dienogest-in-the-treatment-of-painful-symptoms-in-patients-with-adenomyosis-a-randomized-double-blind-multicenter-placebo-controlled-study
#3
Yutaka Osuga, Haruka Fujimoto-Okabe, Atsushi Hagino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dienogest (DNG), a progestational 19-norsteroid, in patients with symptomatic adenomyosis. DESIGN: Phase III, randomized, double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Clinical study sites in Japan. PATIENT(S): Sixty-seven patients with adenomyosis. INTERVENTION(S): Patients were randomly assigned to receive DNG (2 mg/d, orally) or placebo for 16 weeks...
September 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910998/abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#4
Ying Cheong, Iain T Cameron, Hilary O D Critchley
Introduction: It is not uncommon for a woman to suffer from abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) or heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) at some point during her lifetime. Once pathology is excluded, in practice, management needs to be individualised, taking into account the improvement of the woman's symptoms and quality of life. Sources of data: Peer-reviewed journals, governmental and professional society publications. Areas of agreement: There is now agreement on a structured, universal approach to the diagnosis of AUB, with the aide memoirs PALM (polyps, adenomyosis, leiomyoma, malignancy) and COEIN (coagulopathies, ovulatory dysfunction, endometrial, iatrogenic, not otherwise classified)...
September 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865548/effects-of-adenomyosis-on-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-treatment-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#5
Grace Younes, Togas Tulandi
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and summarize the existing evidence related to the effect of adenomyosis on fertility and on in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinical outcomes, and to explore the effects of surgical or medical treatments. DESIGN: Meta-analysis. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): An electronic-based search was performed with the use of the following databases: Pubmed, Embase, Ovid Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar, identifying all related articles up to November 2016...
September 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856867/changes-in-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-as-a-biomarker-for-ovarian-reserve-after-ultrasound-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-treatment-of-adenomyosis-and-uterine-fibroid
#6
J-S Lee, G-Y Hong, K-H Lee, T-E Kim
OBJECTIVE: To assess the changes in antimüllerian hormone (AMH) levels after ablation for symptomatic uterine fibroids and adenomyosis using ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (USgHIFU). DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: Gynaecological department in multiple hospitals in South Korea. POPULATION: Patients with uterus fibroids and adenomyosis. METHODS: Seventy-nine women with symptomatic uterine fibroids and adenomyosis who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in our study between January 2014 and December 2014...
August 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856866/a-comparison-of-the-cost-utility-of-ultrasound-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-and-hysterectomy-for-adenomyosis-a-retrospective-study
#7
X F Liu, L H Huang, C Zhang, G H Huang, L M Yan, J He
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cost-effectiveness of ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (USgHIFU) and open hysterectomy for adenomyosis. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis. SETTING: Gynaecological department in a single centre in China. POPULATION: Patients with symptomatic adenomyosis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cost difference between patients with adenomyosis treated with USgHIFU and open hysterectomy...
August 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856862/gonadotrophin-releasing-hormone-agonist-combined-with-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation-for-adenomyosis-a-clinical-study
#8
Y Guo, H Duan, J Cheng, Y Zhang
OBJECTIVES: This study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of a gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) combined with high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation treatment for adenomyosis. DESIGN: A non-randomized prospective study. SETTING: Gynaecological Minimally Invasive Centre in a single hospital. POPULATION: Patients with adenomyosis. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients with adenomyosis were enrolled, including 55 patients in the control group treated with only HIFU and 24 patients in the study group treated with GnRH-a combined with HIFU...
August 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856860/the-effect-of-exercise-on-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-treatment-efficacy-in-uterine-fibroids-and-adenomyosis-a-retrospective-study
#9
X Huang, D Yu, M Zou, L Wang, H R Xing, Z Wang
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate whether exercise after high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment can improve the absorption of uterine fibroids and the relief of dysmenorrhea caused by adenomyosis. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Gynaecological department of a single centre in China. POPULATION: Patients with uterine fibroids and adenomyosis. METHOD: From January 2011 to August 2015,83 MRI-confirmed uterine fibroid patients and 102 adenomyosis patients who received HIFU treatment at Chongqing Haifu Hospital and attended the 1-year and 6-month follow up, respectively, were included in our retrospective study...
August 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852646/the-role-of-hysteroscopy-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-adenomyosis
#10
REVIEW
Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Gloria Calagna, Fabrizia Santangelo, Brunella Zizolfi, Vasilis Tanos, Antonino Perino, Rudy Leon De Wilde
Uterine adenomyosis is a common gynecologic disorder in women of reproductive age, characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial glands and stroma within the myometrium. Dysmenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding, chronic pelvic pain, and deep dyspareunia are common symptoms of this pathological condition. However, adenomyosis is often an incidental finding in specimens obtained from hysterectomy or uterine biopsies. The recent evolution of diagnostic imaging techniques, such as transvaginal sonography, hysterosalpingography, and magnetic resonance imaging, has contributed to improving accuracy in the identification of this pathology...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817677/abnormal-expression-of-nrf2-may-play-an-important-role-in-the-pathogenesis-and-development-of-adenomyosis
#11
Ning Chen, Baoying Du, Hao Zhou, Fengxian Shen, Juan Li, Zhenwei Xie
OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression level of Nrf2 in adenomyosis and study the mechanism of abnormal expression of Nrf2 in the pathogenesis of adenomyosis. METHODS: Western blot, immunohistochemistry(IHC) and real time PCR were used to measure Nrf2 expression levels in tissue and cell samples. Knockdown and overexpression of Nrf2 were used to investigate the variation of migration ability of endometrial glandular cells as well as the regulatory mechanism. RESULTS: Nrf2 protein levels were significantly higher in the eutopic and ectopic endometrial glands when compared with control cases using IHC and western blot methods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807810/unique-learning-system-for-uterine-artery-embolization-for-symptomatic-myoma-and-adenomyosis-for-obstetrician-gynecologists-in-cooperation-with-interventional-radiologists-evaluation-of-uae-from-the-point-of-view-of-gynecologists-who-perform-uae
#12
Shu Soeda, Tsuyoshi Hiraiwa, Megumi Takata, Norihito Kamo, Hirofumi Sekino, Shinji Nomura, Manabu Kojima, Hyo Kyozuka, Takeharu Ozeki, Shiro Ishii, Tadanobu Tameda, Kimisato Asano, Makoto Miyazaki, Toshifumi Takahashi, Takafumi Watanabe, Yasunori Taki, Keiya Fujimori
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a unique learning system for uterine artery embolization (UAE) and examine its feasibility and clinical outcomes for the treatment of symptomatic uterine leiomyomas and adenomyosis when performed by obstetrician-gynecologists in cooperation with interventional radiologists (IVRs). DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred seventy-three patients who underwent UAE for symptomatic leiomyomas and adenomyosis...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807397/colorectal-endometriosis-associated-infertility-should-surgery-precede-art
#13
Sofiane Bendifallah, Horace Roman, Emmanuelle Mathieu d'Argent, Salma Touleimat, Jonathan Cohen, Emile Darai, Marcos Ballester
OBJECTIVE: To compare the impact of first-line assisted reproductive technology (ART; intracytoplasmic sperm injection [ICSI]-IVF) and first-line colorectal surgery followed by ART on fertility outcomes in women with colorectal endometriosis-associated infertility. DESIGN: Retrospective matched cohort study using propensity score (PS) matching (PSM) analysis. SETTING: University referral centers. PATIENT(S): A total of 110 women were analyzed from January 2005 to June 2014...
September 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791275/diagnostic-dilemma-in-cervical-endocervicosis
#14
Seung Hyun Lee, Jung-Woo Park, So Ra Oh, Seo Hee Rha
Müllerianosis is an embryonic Müllerian disease, resulting in the formation of the benign diseases adenomyosis, endometriosis, endosalpingiosis, and endocervicosis. Endocervicosis primarily affects the bladder, and rarely the cervix. Cervical endocervicosis, which is also a pseudoneoplastic glandular lesion, could be misinterpreted as a premalignant or even a malignant lesion. Because the treatment of these diseases is very different, early clinical diagnosis is important. Unfortunately, however, this lesion is difficult to diagnose preoperatively using clinical and radiological information, and pathological confirmation is needed...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763746/rhein-ameliorates-adenomyosis-by-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#15
Tingting Feng, Shaobin Wei, Yan Wang, Xianyun Fu, Ling Shi, Liyuan Qu, Xiaoxue Fan
In the present study, we examined the effects of rhein on pituitary gland implantation-induced adenomyosis, an animal model which mimics human adenomyosis. Oral administration of rhein dose-dependently attenuated hyperplastic and hypertrophic myometrium and improved adenomyosis. The activation of NF-κB and β-catenin signaling pathway was observed in the ectopic endometria. While, rhein dose dependently inhibited the expressions of p-p65, p-AKT and actived Rac1. As Rac1 activation controlled nuclear localization of β-catenin during canonical Wnt signaling, we found that the degradation complex of β-catenin was improved by rhein...
October 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751234/hysteroscopic-treatment-of-a-uterine-cystic-adenomyosis
#16
Wenchao Sun, Xiaoyan Guo, Linling Zhu, Xiaoyang Fei, Zhifen Zhang, Dingheng Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741605/a-rare-case-of-intramural-m%C3%A3-llerian-adenosarcoma-arising-from-adenomyosis-of-the-uterus
#17
Sun-Jae Lee, Ji Y Park
Müllerian adenosarcomas usually arise as polypoid masses in the endometrium of post-menopausal women. Occasionally, these tumors arise in the cervix, vagina, broad and round ligaments, ovaries and rarely in extragenital sites; these cases are generally associated with endometriosis. We experienced a rare case of extraendometrial, intramural adenosarcoma arising in a patient with adenomyosis. A 40-year-old woman presented with sudden-onset suprapubic pain. The imaging findings suggested leiomyoma with cystic degeneration in the uterine fundus...
July 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739414/conservative-surgery-for-adenomyosis-and-results-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Grace Younes, Togas Tulandi
The traditional treatment for women with symptomatic adenomyosis is hysterectomy. However, reproductive aged women should be managed with less invasive treatments including medical treatment. For patients who are refractory or unsuitable to long term medical treatment, or those with focal adenomyoma, conservative surgeries could be offered. The objective of our study was to review available conservative surgeries for the treatment of adenomyosis, their complications, and the rates of success and recurrence...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737239/long-term-use-of-dienogest-in-the-treatment-of-painful-symptoms-in-adenomyosis
#19
Yutaka Osuga, Manabu Watanabe, Atsushi Hagino
AIM: We aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of dienogest (DNG), a progestational 19-norsteroid, administered for 52 weeks in patients with symptomatic adenomyosis. METHODS: A total of 130 patients with adenomyosis received 2 mg of DNG orally each day for 52 weeks. In cases of complicated anemia, patients were treated for anemia prior to receiving the medication. Adverse events and adverse drug reactions were evaluated. The patients' pain symptoms (dysmenorrhea and pelvic pain from adenomyosis) were assessed using a pain-scoring tool...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721180/adenomyosis-back-to-the-future
#20
Z Ferraz, N Nogueira-Martins, F Nogueira-Martins
Adenomyosis is a benign invasion of endometrium into the myometrium. It produces a diffusely enlarged uterus and predominantly affects women in the late reproductive age. It has recently been associated with a negative impact on female fertility. Diagnosis is challenging because nonspecific symptoms can be present. However, it is asymptomatic in the majority of women. Medical treatment with GnRH agonist seems to be promising, particularly in subfertile women. A retrospective study was performed (182 patients) by examination of histopathological results with "adenomyosis" between January/2013 and September/2016...
March 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
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