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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231701/the-potential-interaction-between-ewe-body-condition-score-and-nutrition-during-very-late-pregnancy-and-lactation-on-the-performance-of-twin-bearing-ewes-and-their-lambs
#1
Lydia Cranston, Paul Kenyon, Rene Corner-Thomas, Steve Morris
Objective: The present study aimed to determine the impact of ewe BCS (over a range of 2.0 to 3.0) and nutritional treatments (consisting of differing herbage masses) during very late pregnancy and lactation and their potential interaction on the performance of twin-bearing ewes and their lambs to weaning. Methods: On day [42 of pregnancy, twin-bearing ewes with a body condition score (BCS) of 2.0, 2.5 or 3.0 were allocated to a "Moderate' or 'Unrestricted' nutritional treatment until day 95 of lactation (weaning)...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231679/-use-the-markov-decision-tree-model-to-optimize-vaccination-strategies-of-hepatitis-e-among-women-aged-15-to-49
#2
Z M Chen, S B Ji, X L Shi, Y Y Zhao, X F Zhang, H Jin
Objective: To evaluate the cost-utility of different hepatitis E vaccination strategies in women aged 15 to 49. Methods: The Markov-decision tree model was constructed to evaluate the cost-utility of three hepatitis E virus vaccination strategies. Parameters of the models were estimated on the basis of published studies and experience of experts. Both methods on sensitivity and threshold analysis were used to evaluate the uncertainties of the model. Results: Compared with non-vaccination group, strategy on post-screening vaccination with rate as 100%, could save 0...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231629/the-evaluation-of-physical-activity-for-community-dwelling-patients-with-hypertension
#3
Chunhua Ma
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate the proportion of Chinese patients with hypertension who meet the Chinese Hypertension Management Guideline recommendations for weekly physical activity and to determine possible associated factors that impact meeting the weekly physical activity recommendation. BACKGROUND: Accurate evaluation of physical activity levels for hypertensive patients is important to determine patients' health outcomes and intervention measures...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231606/user-participation-is-a-family-matter-a-multiple-case-study-of-the-experiences-of-older-hospitalized-people-and-their-relatives
#4
Ingrid Nyborg, Lars Johan Danbolt, Marit Kirkevold
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this multiple case study was to compare and contrast older people's and their relatives' experiences of participation in decision-making processes regarding the planning of everyday life after discharge from hospital. BACKGROUND: Internationally, patient involvement in health services is established to benefit patient health and to improve quality of the services. The literature shows that at hospital discharge older people would benefit from better communication and more active participation of relatives in the discharge planning...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231602/observational-case-series-evaluation-of-the-granisetron-transdermal-patch-system-sancuso-for-the-management-of-nausea-vomiting-of-pregnancy
#5
Tran N Le, Michael T Adler, Holly Ouillette, Pamela Berens, Judith A Smith
Objective The objective of this study was to observe the efficacy of antiemetic therapy (no emesis/retching episodes and no rescue medication use) when granisetron is administered via a transdermal patch system (TDS) in women who are 6 to 14 weeks pregnant when compared with oral ondansetron by evaluating the frequency of the use of rescue medications for control of nausea/vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). Methods This was an observational case series study to observe the potential benefits of granisetron TDS compared with oral ondansetron for management of NVP in pregnant patients during the first trimester...
February 23, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231552/progress-and-challenges-in-electrochemiluminescent-aptasensors
#6
REVIEW
Kateryna Muzyka, Muhammad Saqib, Zhongyuan Liu, Wei Zhang, Guobao Xu
The importance of developing new diagnostic and detection technologies for the growing number of sensing challenges is rising each year. Here, we present a comprehensive and concise review on electrochemiluminescent (ECL) aptasensors by putting special emphasis on its characteristic features, advances, challenges, and applications of ECL based aptasensors. ECL is an ideal tool for constructing such sensors because of its inherent characteristics and can be easily integrated into aptamer based sensing platforms...
January 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231551/acute-effect-of-ozone-exposure-on-daily-mortality-in-seven-cities-of-jiangsu-province-china-no-clear-evidence-for-threshold
#7
Kai Chen, Lian Zhou, Xiaodong Chen, Jun Bi, Patrick L Kinney
BACKGROUND: Few multicity studies have addressed the health effects of ozone in China due to the scarcity of ozone monitoring data. A critical scientific and policy-relevant question is whether a threshold exists in the ozone-mortality relationship. METHODS: Using a generalized additive model and a univariate random-effects meta-analysis, this research evaluated the relationship between short-term ozone exposure and daily total mortality in seven cities of Jiangsu Province, China during 2013-2014...
February 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231538/biochars-with-excellent-pb-ii-adsorption-property-produced-from-fresh-and-dehydrated-banana-peels-via-hydrothermal-carbonization
#8
Nan Zhou, Honggang Chen, Junting Xi, Denghui Yao, Zhi Zhou, Yun Tian, Xiangyang Lu
Fresh and dehydrated banana peels were used as biomass feedstock to produce highly effective sorbent biochars through a facile one-step hydrothermal carbonization approach with 20%vol phosphoric acid as the reaction medium. The elemental ratio of oxygen content of the two as-prepared biochars were about 20%, and the FT-IR analysis confirmed the existence of abundant surface functional groups such as hydroxyl and carboxyl which greatly enhanced the adsorption performance. The sorbents showed excellent lead clarification capability of 359mg·g(-1) and 193mg·g(-1) for dehydrated and fresh banana peels based biochars, respectively...
February 12, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231510/lipopolyplex-potentiates-anti-tumor-immunity-of-mrna-based-vaccination
#9
Stefano Persano, Maria L Guevara, Zhaoqi Li, Junhua Mai, Mauro Ferrari, Pier Paolo Pompa, Haifa Shen
mRNA-based vaccines have the benefit of triggering robust anti-cancer immunity without the potential danger of genome integration from DNA vaccines or the limitation of antigen selection from peptide vaccines. Yet, a conventional mRNA vaccine comprising of condensed mRNA molecules in a positively charged protein core structure is not effectively internalized by the antigen-presenting cells. It cannot offer sufficient protection for mRNA molecules from degradation by plasma and tissue enzymes either. Here, we have developed a lipopolyplex mRNA vaccine that consists of a poly-(β-amino ester) polymer mRNA core encapsulated into a 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-ethylphosphocholine/1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidyl-ethanolamine/1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[amino(polyethylene glycol)-2000 (EDOPC/DOPE/DSPE-PEG) lipid shell...
February 20, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231440/effects-of-acupressure-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Jing Miao, Xinyou Liu, Chaojun Wu, Hui Kong, Weiping Xie, Kouying Liu
BACKGROUND: Acupressure has been used as an effective way in treating with stomach upset. However the efficacy of acupressure in preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of acupressure on three categories of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. DATA SOURCES: Databases had been retrieved from inception through February 2016 for the randomized controlled trials in accordance with the inclusion criteria, including PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, EMBASE, Science Direct, CINAHL, China Biology Medicine, Chinese National Knowledge infrastructure, Wan Fang and Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231417/genetic-and-genomic-evidence-of-niche-partitioning-and-adaptive-radiation-in-mountain-pine-beetle-fungal-symbionts
#11
Dario I Ojeda Alayon, Clement K M Tsui, Nicolas Feau, Arnaud Capron, Braham Dhillon, Yiyuan Zhang, Sepideh Massoumi Alamouti, Celia K Boone, Allan L Carroll, Janice E K Cooke, Amanda D Roe, Felix A H Sperling, Richard C Hamelin
Bark beetles form multipartite symbiotic associations with blue stain fungi (Ophiostomatales, Ascomycota). These symbionts play an important role during the beetle's life cycle by providing nutritional supplementation, overcoming tree defenses and modifying host tissues to favor brood development. The maintenance of stable multipartite symbioses with seemingly less competitive symbionts in similar habitats is of fundamental interest to ecology and evolution. We tested the hypothesis that the coexistence of three fungal species associated with the mountain pine beetle is the result of niche partitioning and adaptive radiation using SNP genotyping coupled with genotype-environment association analysis and phenotypic characterization of growth rate under different temperatures...
February 23, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231385/most-children-who-took-part-in-a-comprehensive-malnutrition-programme-in-madagascar-reached-and-maintained-the-recovery-threshold
#12
Magnin Margot, Beat Stoll, Rajaobelina Voahangy, Emilien Jeannot
AIM: The benefits of including nutritional education in programmes that tackle moderate and severe acute malnutrition remain poorly documented. This study in Madagascar evaluated the nutritional status of children who took part in an innovative programme that included maternal education, on completion and after a year. METHODS: Each year, this outpatient programme admits 2,400 malnourished children from 6-59 months in the lower districts of Antananarivo, Madagascar...
February 23, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231370/significance-of-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-olfactory-disorder
#13
Teemu Harju, Markus Rautiainen, Ilkka Kivekäs
The aim of this retrospective analysis was to examine olfactory disorders among the patients in the Ear, Nose, and Throat Clinic of Tampere University Hospital, Finland, from 2001 to 2011, and to evaluate the necessity of imaging in the examination of patients with olfactory disorders. Charts of 143 consecutive patients with a primary olfactory disorder were examined, and 69 patients who had undergone the necessary testing were included in the study. The most common causes of olfactory disorder were upper respiratory infection (23%), chronic rhinosinusitis (19%), head trauma (17%), and allergic or nonallergic rhinitis (6%)...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231356/using-ethical-frameworks-in-times-of-transition-and-uncertainty
#14
Eileen M Sullivan-Marx
Health care policy is never easy and always fraught with concerns about quality, access, and cost. Currently, uncertainty abounds regarding new federal and state policies on the horizon for older adult care and quality. Empirics undergird most policy-making decisions regarding risk/benefit, cost, and knowing the best action to put in place for the best results. However, in times of great change in policy direction and political viewpoints, empirical knowledge must be combined with ethical knowledge for planning and implementation...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231322/clinical-evaluation-of-new-automatic-coronary-specific-best-cardiac-phase-selection-algorithm-for-single-beat-coronary-ct-angiography
#15
Hui Wang, Lei Xu, Zhanming Fan, Junfu Liang, Zixu Yan, Zhonghua Sun
The aim of this study was to evaluate the workflow efficiency of a new automatic coronary-specific reconstruction technique (Smart Phase, GE Healthcare-SP) for selection of the best cardiac phase with least coronary motion when compared with expert manual selection (MS) of best phase in patients with high heart rate. A total of 46 patients with heart rates above 75 bpm who underwent single beat coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) were enrolled in this study. CCTA of all subjects were performed on a 256-detector row CT scanner (Revolution CT, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, Wisconsin, US)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231311/handwashing-and-ebola-virus-disease-outbreaks-a-randomized-comparison-of-soap-hand-sanitizer-and-0-05-chlorine-solutions-on-the-inactivation-and-removal-of-model-organisms-phi6-and-e-coli-from-hands-and-persistence-in-rinse-water
#16
Marlene K Wolfe, Karin Gallandat, Kyle Daniels, Anne Marie Desmarais, Pamela Scheinman, Daniele Lantagne
To prevent Ebola transmission, frequent handwashing is recommended in Ebola Treatment Units and communities. However, little is known about which handwashing protocol is most efficacious. We evaluated six handwashing protocols (soap and water, alcohol-based hand sanitizer (ABHS), and 0.05% sodium dichloroisocyanurate, high-test hypochlorite, and stabilized and non-stabilized sodium hypochlorite solutions) for 1) efficacy of handwashing on the removal and inactivation of non-pathogenic model organisms and, 2) persistence of organisms in rinse water...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231244/unexpectedly-high-leprosy-seroprevalence-detected-using-a-random-surveillance-strategy-in-midwestern-brazil-a-comparison-of-elisa-and-a-rapid-diagnostic-test
#17
Marco Andrey C Frade, Natália A de Paula, Ciro M Gomes, Sebastian Vernal, Fred Bernardes Filho, Helena B Lugão, Marilda M M de Abreu, Patrícia Botini, Malcolm S Duthie, John S Spencer, Rosa Castália F R Soares, Norma T Foss
BACKGROUND: Leprosy diagnosis is mainly based on clinical evaluation, although this approach is difficult, especially for untrained physicians. We conducted a temporary campaign to detect previously unknown leprosy cases in midwestern Brazil and to compare the performance of different serological tests. METHODS: A mobile clinic was stationed at the main bus terminal in Brasília, Brazil. Volunteers were quizzed and given a clinical exam to allow categorization as either patients, known contacts of patients or non-contacts, and blood was collected to determine anti-PGL-I and anti-LID-1 antibody titers by ELISA and by the NDO-LID rapid test...
February 23, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231165/seafood-safety-and-quality-the-consumer-s-role
#18
Doris T Hicks
All the good news about seafood-the health and nutritional benefits, the wide varieties and flavors-has had a positive effect on consumption: people are eating more seafood (http://www.seagrant.sunysb.edu/seafood/pdfs/SeafoodSavvy.pdf). Yet consumers want to be assured that seafood is as safe as, or safer to eat than, other foods. When you hear "seafood safety", think of a safety net designed to protect you, the consumer, from food-borne illness. Every facet of the seafood industry, from harvester to consumer, plays a role in holding up the safety net...
October 28, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231157/breads-fortified-with-freeze-dried-vegetables-quality-and-nutritional-attributes-part-ii-breads-not-containing-oil-as-an-ingredient
#19
Viren Ranawana, Fiona Campbell, Charles Bestwick, Phyllis Nicol, Lesley Milne, Garry Duthie, Vassilios Raikos
The present article describes the second part of a study investigating the effect of adding vegetables on the nutritional, physico-chemical, and oxidative properties of wheat bread, and specifically focuses on bread that does not contain oil as an added ingredient. Wheat flour breads fortified with freeze-dried carrot, tomato, beetroot or broccoli were developed and assessed for their nutritional composition, antioxidant potential, oxidative stability, and storage properties. Using a simulated in vitro model, the study also examined the impact of vegetable addition on the oxidative stability of macronutrients during gastro-intestinal digestion...
September 8, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231148/potential-use-of-gamma-irradiated-ethnic-ready-to-eat-foods-to-improve-the-nutritional-status-of-landslide-victims
#20
REVIEW
Zubaidah Irawati Koenari, Carmen M Siagian, Bona Simanungkalit, Asti Nilatany, Indra Mustika Pratama, Deudeu Lasmawati, Cecep M Nurcahya
The safety and high quality of ethnic ready-to-eat foods as a source of nourishment and food supplies chain to the remote areas become particularly important. Consuming healthy and balanced nutritional foods means eating better quality foods in proper quantities. Such foods can be developed through a preservation technique by using ionizing radiation. Although implementation of the technology for certain foodstuffs has been implemented in some countries, application of the process to a complete set of meals for selected target groups is still very limited...
July 26, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
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