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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885778/analysis-of-national-trends-in-hospital-acquired-conditions-following-major-urological-surgery-before-and-after-implementation-of-the-hospital-acquired-condition-reduction-program-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2
#1
Tope L Rude, Nicholas M Donin, Matthew R Cohn, William Meeks, Scott Gulig, Samir N Patel, James S Wysock, Danil V Makarov, Marc A Bjurlin
OBJECTIVE: To define the rates of common Hospital Acquired Conditions (HACs) in patients undergoing major urological surgery over a period of time encompassing the implementation of the Hospital Acquired Condition Reduction program, and to evaluate whether implementation of the HAC reimbursement penalties in 2008 was associated with a change in the rate of HACs. METHODS: Using American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) data, we determined rates of HACs in patients undergoing major inpatient urological surgery from 2005 to 2012...
June 7, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881186/timing-of-complications-following-posterior-cervical-fusion
#2
J Mason DePasse, Wesley Durand, Adam E M Eltorai, Mark A Palumbo, Alan H Daniels
Study design: Retrospective cohort study. Objective: To characterize the timing of complications after posterior cervical fusion. Summary of background data: Understanding the expected timing of postoperative complications facilitates early diagnosis of potential adverse events and is important for optimizing postoperative care. Though studies have examined the incidence of complications after posterior cervical fusion, no study has characterized the timing of these complications...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860340/risk-factors-for-death-in-kidney-transplant-patients-analysis-from-a-large-protocol-biopsy-registry
#3
Tanja Abeling, Irina Scheffner, Annika Karch, Verena Broecker, Armin Koch, Hermann Haller, Anke Schwarz, Wilfried Gwinner
Background: Identification and quantification of the relevant factors for death can improve patients' individual risk assessment and decision-making. We used a well-documented patient cohort (n = 892) in a renal transplant programme with protocol biopsies to establish multivariable Cox models for risk assessment at 3 and 12 months post-transplantation. Methods: Patients transplanted between 2000 and 2007 were observed up to 11 years (total observation 5227 patient-years; median 5...
May 31, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850436/common-uropathogens-among-diabetic-patients-with-urinary-tract-infection-at-jinja-regional-referral-hospital-uganda
#4
Barbara I Nabaigwa, Bashir Mwambi, John Okiria, Caesar Oyet
Between June 2015 and October 2015, 159 mid-stream urine samples from diabetic patients were cultured. The prevalence of urinary tract infection was high at 22% and women were more affected compared with men ( P = 0.017). Factors associated with urinary tract infection in these patients were age, sex and high blood glucose levels. Diabetic patients should be screened periodically for urinary tract infection.
2018: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849466/extensively-drug-resistant-myroides-odoratimimus-a-case-series-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-immunocompromised-patients
#5
Monica Licker, Teodora Sorescu, Maria Rus, Natalia Cirlea, Florin Horhat, Cristiana Jurescu, Mircea Botoca, Alin Cumpănaş, Romulus Timar, Delia Muntean
Purpose: We report an outbreak of urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by Myroides odoratimimus , which occurred in the largest clinical hospital in western Romania. Patients and methods: From June to August 2017, four strains of M. odoratimimus were isolated from the urine samples of patients hospitalized in the urology, diabetes, and surgery departments. Hospital records of all patients whose urine cultures were positive for M. odoratimimus were reviewed retrospectively...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844913/clinical-correlates-and-outcomes-in-a-group-of-puerto-ricans-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-hospitalized-due-to-severe-infections
#6
Patricia Jordán-González, Lee Ming Shum, Lorena González-Sepúlveda, Luis M Vilá
Objective: Infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus. Clinical outcomes of systemic lupus erythematosus patients hospitalized due to infections vary among different ethnic populations. Thus, we determined the outcomes and associated factors in a group of Hispanics from Puerto Rico with systemic lupus erythematosus admitted due to severe infections. Methods: Records of systemic lupus erythematosus patients admitted to the Adult University Hospital, San Juan, Puerto Rico, from January 2006 to December 2014 were examined...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784608/acute-stroke-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-mellitus-have-poorer-outcomes-than-those-with-previously-diagnosed-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Yacouba Njankouo Mapoure, Hamadou Ba, Chia Mark Ayeah, Caroline Kenmegne, Henry Namme Luma, Alfred Kongnyu Njamnshi
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with poor outcomes in acute stroke patients (ASPs). This study aims to determine the prevalence of NDDM in the ASPs and to compare the outcome in NDDM and previously diagnosed DM (PDDM) in Cameroon. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This was a hospital-based prospective cohort study that included ASPs with NDDM and PDDM. Outcome data were collected within 3 months of stroke onset. Chi-square and t tests were used for comparisons, whereas survival analysis was performed using Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analysis...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780599/perioperative-blood-transfusion-is-associated-with-post-operative-infectious-complications-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#8
Nan Lan, Luca Stocchi, Yi Li, Bo Shen
Background: We have previously demonstrated that blood transfusion (BT) was associated with post-operative complications in patients undergoing surgery for Crohn's disease (CD), based on our institutional data registry. The aim of this study was to verify the association between perioperative BT and infectious complications in CD patients enrolled in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database. Methods: All CD patients undergoing surgery between 2005 and 2013 were identified from NSQIP...
May 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775774/hospital-admissions-2000-2014-a-retrospective-analysis-of-288-096-events-in-patients-with-dementia
#9
Catarina Bernardes, João Massano, Alberto Freitas
INTRODUCTION: Dementia is a leading cause of disability worldwide. It is associated with an increased risk of hospitalization, imposing a significant burden on healthcare systems. The evidence on the long-term evolution of this issue and broadly on healthcare systems is currently limited. This study aims to describe the hospitalizations of people who received a diagnosis of dementia admitted to public general hospitals in a western European country with universal health coverage, over more than a decade...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775697/prodrome-and-non-prodrome-phenotypes-of-bladder-pain-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis
#10
John W Warren, Ningbo Jian, Lisa Gallicchio, David Wu, Daniel J Clauw
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that risk factors for BPS/IC in women differ between those with and without the BPS/IC prodrome. METHODS: Incident cases of BPS/IC and healthy controls were recruited nationally. More than half the BPS/IC cases reported subsyndromal urinary symptoms for decades before onset of BPS/IC and were identified as having the prodrome. Risk factors for BPS/IC were examined separately for cases with and without the prodrome using a set of matched controls...
May 15, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771270/effect-of-conversion-from-calcineurin-inhibitors-to-everolimus-on-hepatitis-c-viremia-in-adult-kidney-transplant-recipients
#11
Larissa Sgaria Pacheco, Valter Duro Garcia, Ronivan Luis Dal Prá, Bruna Doleys Cardoso, Mariana Ferras Rodrigues, Helen Kris Zanetti, Gisele Meinerz, Jorge Neumann, Diego Gnatta, Elizete Keitel
INTRODUCTION: Currently, there is no specific immunosuppressive protocol for hepatitis C (HCV)-positive renal transplants recipients. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the conversion effect to everolimus (EVR) on HCV in adult kidney recipients. METHOD: This is an exploratory single-center, prospective, randomized, open label controlled trial with renal allograft recipients with HCV-positive serology. Participants were randomized for conversion to EVR or maintenance of calcineurin inhibitors...
May 14, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768465/stopping-the-effective-non-fluoroquinolone-antibiotics-at-day-7-vs-continuing-until-day-14-in-adults-with-acute-pyelonephritis-requiring-hospitalization-a-randomized-non-inferiority-trial
#12
Pavankumar Rudrabhatla, Surendran Deepanjali, Jharna Mandal, Rathinam Palamalai Swaminathan, Tamilarasu Kadhiravan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether stopping the effective antibiotic treatment following clinical improvement at Day 7 (Truncated treatment) would be non-inferior to continued treatment until Day 14 (Continued treatment) in patients with acute pyelonephritis (APN) requiring hospitalization treated with non-fluoroquinolone (non-FQ) antibiotics. METHODS: Hospitalized adult men and non-pregnant women with culture-confirmed APN were eligible for participation after they had clinically improved following empirical or culture-guided treatment with intravenous non-FQ antibiotic(s)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768132/post-operative-infections-among-patients-undergoing-radical-cystectomy-at-a-tertiary-center
#13
Krystian Kaczmarek, Artur Lemiński, Aleksandra Bańcarz, Alicja Zakrzewska, Marcin Słojewski
BACKGROUND: Post-operative infection after radical cystectomy is a common complication. It is essential to identify modifiable risk factors that can predict post-operative infection to reduce the incidence of infection after radical cystectomy. We investigated the incidence of post-operative infection, associated pathogens, and risk factors for post-operative infection after radical cystectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in a single urologic department from 2014 to 2016 were included...
May 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727546/-ningmitai-capsule-for-the-treatment-of-andrological-diseases-advances-in-studies
#14
REVIEW
Hong-Cai Cai, Xue-Jun Shang
Ningmitai Capsule is a classical patent medicine prepared from multiple effective ingredients of Chinese herbal medicine, with a wide range of biological activities and a significant efficacy in the treatment of urogenital diseases. Ningmitai Capsule has been widely applied in the management of urological and andrological diseases, with a particularly ideal effect on chronic prostatitis, since its first introduction nearly 20 years ago. With no obvious adverse effect on the male reproductive system, it has also been gaining a gradual application in the treatment of such diseases as urinary tract infections, diabetes, non-gonococcal urethritis, seminal vesiculitis, acute epididymitis, overactive bladder, hematuria, and semen non-liquefaction...
October 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709468/glycated-hemoglobin-targets-and-glycemic-control-link-with-lipid-uric-acid-and-kidney-profile
#15
Anthony P Sunjaya, Angela F Sunjaya
AIMS: To compare uric acid, lipid, and kidney profile along with management and complications of Indonesian diabetic patients with good and poor glycemic control based on glycated hemoglobin profile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was obtained from medical records of Internal Medicine Clinic in Hermina Podomoro General Hospital for the period January-December 2015. Subjects were grouped into good and poor glycemic control groups based on their glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels...
April 24, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685118/predictors-of-post-stroke-fever-and-infections-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Maja Wästfelt, Yang Cao, Jakob O Ström
BACKGROUND: Fever after stroke is common, and often caused by infections. In the current study, we aimed to test the hypothesis that pneumonia, urinary tract infection and all-cause fever (thought to include at least some proportion of endogenous fever) have different predicting factors, since they differ regarding etiology. METHODS: PubMed was searched systematically for articles describing predictors for post-stroke pneumonia, urinary tract infection and all-cause fever...
April 23, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678711/health-care-associated-infections-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#17
Yasser B Abulhasan, Najayeb Alabdulraheem, Ian Schiller, Susan P Rachel, Nandini Dendukuri, Mark R Angle, Charles Frenette
OBJECTIVE: Health care-associated infections (HAIs) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are prevalent; however, data describing epidemiology of infection are limited. This study reports incidence rates, risk factors, and the resulting SAH patient-related outcomes. METHODS: We studied the incidence of HAIs acquired in the intensive care unit (ICU) over a 6-year period. We used Bayesian Model Averaging to identify risk factors associated with an increased risk of HAIs, particularly urinary tract infections (UTI), pneumonia, and ventriculostomy-associated infections (VAI)...
April 18, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657204/urinary-tract-infection-in-renal-transplant-recipients-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#18
Debabrata Mukherjee, Sourabh Sharma, Ranjith K Nair, Bhaskar Datt, Dhawal Arora, Ananth Rao
Our objective was to determine incidence, predisposing factors, and microbiological profile of urinary tract infection (UTI) in renal transplant recipients in our center. This was cross-sectional observational study, conducted at the Department of Nephrology, Army Hospital Research and Referral, Delhi, India. Two hundred and ten renal transplant recipients were studied over one year. Out of 210 transplant recipients, 69 (32.86%) had UTI. Majority (59/69) had undergone live renal transplantation and 10 cases had received cadaveric grafts...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649541/efficacy-and-safety-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-moderate-renal-function-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Lin Zhang, Mei Zhang, Qingguo Lv, Nanwei Tong
AIMS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and moderate renal function impairment. METHODS: Embase, Medline, and Cochrane Central were searched, and randomized controlled trials comparing SGLT2 inhibitors to placebos and other drugs for T2D were collected. RESULTS: Seven RCTs with a total of 3307 participants were included, and the overall bias was low...
June 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643881/urinary-tract-infections-in-the-geriatric-patients
#20
Yesim Alpay, Nevil Aykin, Pinar Korkmaz, Hakki Mustafa Gulduren, Figen Cevik Caglan
Objective: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the second most common infection in geriatric population. This study investigated clinical findings, diagnostic approaches, complicating factors, prognosis, causative microorganisms and antimicrobial susceptibility in geriatric patients diagnosed with UTI. Methods: A total of 140 hospitalised patients with UTIs were evaluated within three years between January 2011-January 2015 at the Eskisehir Yunus Emre State Hospital...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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