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Mesangial cells

Leandro Z Crivellenti, Gyl E B Silva, Sofia Borin-Crivellenti, Rachel Cianciolo, Christopher A Adin, Márcio Dantas, Denner S Dos Anjos, Mirela Tinucci-Costa, Aureo E Santana
The incidence and prevalence of paraneoplastic glomerulopathy, especially associated with carcinoma, are a matter of debate and the causal link between cancer and glomerular diseases remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate renal biopsies of selected bitches with spontaneous mammary gland carcinoma. We hypothesized that dogs with mammary carcinomas would show histologic evidence of glomerular pathology. A prospective study was performed in dogs with naturally occurring mammary carcinoma that were undergoing tumor resection and ovariohysterectomy...
2016: PloS One
Jia-Ying Zhang, Ying Yin, Li Ni, Quan Long, Li You, Qian Zhang, Shan-Yan Lin, Jing Chen
Low-protein diet plus ketoacids (LPD+KA) has been reported to decrease proteinuria in patients with chronic kidney diseases (CKD). However, the mechanisms have not been clarified. As over-activation of intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been shown to play a key role in the progression of CKD, the current study was performed to investigate the direct effects of LPD+KA on intrarenal RAS, independently of renal haemodynamics. In this study, 3/4 subtotal renal ablated rats were fed 18 % normal-protein diet (Nx-NPD), 6 % low-protein diet (Nx-LPD) or 5 % low-protein diet plus 1 % ketoacids (Nx-LPD+KA) for 12 weeks...
October 18, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Min Yang, Bin Wang, Liying Miao, Xianlin Xu, Xiaozhou He
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether autophagy is involved in aldosterone (Aldo)-induced mesangial cell (MC) proliferation. MCs were incubated with 10‑7 M Aldo for 24 h. Proliferation of MCs, and the underlying mechanisms, were subsequently analyzed using [3H]thymidine assay, cell counting assay, western blotting and RNA interference (RNAi). Aldo was revealed to induce autophagy, as indicated by the increased conversion from microtubule‑associated protein 1A/1B‑light chain 3 (LC3)‑I to LC3‑II, the increased expression levels of autophagy‑related gene 7 (Atg7) and the increased degradation of p62, which was accompanied by MC proliferation...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Songhui Zhai, Lijuan Hu, Lin Zhong, Yannan Guo, Liqun Dong, Ruizhen Jia, Zheng Wang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between renal injury and reinfection that is caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and to analyze the mechanism of renal injury. Rats were repeatedly infected with RSV on days 4, 8, 14, and 28, then sacrificed and examined on day 56 after the primary infection. Renal injury was examined by transmission electron microscopy and histopathology. The F protein of RSV was detected in the renal tissue by indirect immunofluorescence. Proteinuria and urinary glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), serum levels of albumin, urea nitrogen, and creatinine, secretion of cytokines, T lymphocyte population and subsets, and dendritic cell (DC) activation state were examined...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Yan Liang, Guoqiang Zhao, Lin Tang, Tianfang Li, Junjun Zhang, Zhangsuo Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Lei Chen, Yang Lu, Jun Wen, Xu Wang, Lingling Wu, Di Wu, Xuefeng Sun, Bo Fu, Zhong Yin, Hongli Jiang, Xiangmei Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Individuals possessing a single kidney are at greater risk of renal injury upon exposure to harmful stimuli. This study aimed to explore the pathogenesis of renal injury in glomerulonephritis with versus without unilateral nephrectomy (UNX). METHODS: Histological analysis and label-free quantitative proteomics were performed on two models-the Habu snake venom-induced glomerulonephritis model with versus without UNX (HabuU and Habu models, respectively)...
October 17, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Xiaocui Chen, Jing Li, Zuowang Cheng, Yinghua Xu, Xia Wang, Xiaorui Li, Dongmei Xu, Carolyn M Kapron, Ju Liu
Cadmium (Cd) is a heavy metal and environmental pollutant. The kidney is the principal target organ of Cd exposure. Previously, we found that low concentration of Cd damages the integrity of the glomerular filtration barrier. However, little is known about the effects of Cd on renal mesangial cells, which provide structural support for the glomerular capillary loops and regulate intraglomerular blood flow. In this study, human renal mesangial cells (HRMCs) were cultured in the presence of serum and treated with 4 μM Cd...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Oleg Palygin, Daria V Ilatovskaya, Alexander Staruschenko
Protease-activated receptors (PARs) are a well-known family of transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). To date, four PARs have been identified and PAR1 and PAR2 are the most abundant receptors, which were shown to be expressed in the kidney vascular and tubular cells. PAR signaling is mediated by an N-terminus tethered ligands that can be unmasked by serine protease cleavage. PARs are activated by endogenous serine proteases, such as thrombin (acts on PARs 1, 3 and 4) and trypsin (PAR2). PARs can be involved in glomerular, microvascular and inflammatory regulation of renal function in both normal and pathological conditions...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Daniele Pereira Jardim, Paula Cristina Eiras Poço, Alexandre Holthausen Campos
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem that affects millions of men and women of all ages and racial groups. Loss of mesangial cells (MC) represents an early common feature in the pathogenesis of CKD. Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is a key inducer of kidney damage and triggers several pathological changes in renal cells, notably MC apoptosis. However, the mechanism of MC apoptosis induced by TGF-β1 remains elusive. Here we demonstrate for the first time a novel regulatory pathway in which the disheveled-binding antagonist of beta-catenin 1 (Dact1) gene is upregulated by TGF-β1, inducing MC apoptosis...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Anna Czajka, Afshan N Malik
Damage to renal tubular and mesangial cells is central to the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN), a complication of diabetes which can lead to renal failure. Mitochondria are the site of cellular respiration and produce energy in the form of ATP via oxidative phosphorylation, and mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in DN. Since the kidney is an organ with high bioenergetic needs, we postulated that hyperglycemia causes damage to renal mitochondria resulting in bioenergetic deficit. The bioenergetic profiles and the effect of hyperglycemia on cellular respiration of human primary mesangial (HMCs) and proximal tubular cells (HK-2) were compared in normoglycemic and hyperglycemic conditions using the seahorse bio-analyzer...
September 17, 2016: Redox Biology
Le Zhang, Siyi He, Fan Yang, Hua Yu, Wei Xie, Qian Dai, Di Zhang, Xiaoqin Liu, Shiwen Zhou, Kebin Zhang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of hyperoside (Hyp) on glomerulosclerosis in diabetic nephropathy and its underlying mechanisms. Blood glucose, kidney mass, and renal function of mice were measured. Renal morphology was observed using hematoxylin and eosin, periodic acid - Schiff's, and Masson's trichrome stain. Fibronectin (FN) and collagen IV (COL IV) in kidney were determined by Western blot and immunohistochemical studies. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and -9 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 in renal tissues were detected on both the mRNA and protein levels...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Ya-Qiong Ke, Chao Liu, Jian-Bo Hao, Ling Lu, Nan-Nan Lu, Zhao-Ke Wu, Shen-Shen Zhu, Xi-Ling Chen
Morin, is a natural bioflavonoid isolated from Chinese herbs of the Moraceae family, has been reported to possess antidiabetic activity. However, the role of morin on glomerular mesangial cells (MCs) proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation in diabetic condition is still unclear. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the role of morin on cell proliferation and ECM accumulation in rat glomerular MCs cultured under high glucose (HG) condition. Our results showed that morin inhibited HG-induced MC proliferation, arrested HG-induced cell-cycle progression, reversed HG-inhibited expression of p21(Waf1/Cip1) and p27(Kip1)...
September 29, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Mitsuo Kato, Mei Wang, Zhuo Chen, Kirti Bhatt, Hyung Jung Oh, Linda Lanting, Supriya Deshpande, Ye Jia, Jennifer Y C Lai, Christopher L O'Connor, YiFan Wu, Jeffrey B Hodgin, Robert G Nelson, Markus Bitzer, Rama Natarajan
It is important to find better treatments for diabetic nephropathy (DN), a debilitating renal complication. Targeting early features of DN, including renal extracellular matrix accumulation (ECM) and glomerular hypertrophy, can prevent disease progression. Here we show that a megacluster of nearly 40 microRNAs and their host long non-coding RNA transcript (lnc-MGC) are coordinately increased in the glomeruli of mouse models of DN, and mesangial cells treated with transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF- β1) or high glucose...
2016: Nature Communications
Turki Al Hussain, Hadeel Al Mana, Maged H Hussein, Mohammed Akhtar
The glomerulus has 3 resident cells namely mesangial cells that produce the mesangial matrix, endothelial cells that line the glomerular capillaries, and podocytes that cover the outer surface of the glomerular basement membrane. Parietal epithelial cells (PrECs), which line the Bowman's capsule are not part of the glomerular tuft but may have an important role in the normal function of the glomerulus. A significant progress has been made in recent years regarding our understanding of the role and function of these cells in normal kidney and in kidneys with various types of glomerulopathy...
September 26, 2016: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
Zhanyun Da, Liuxia Li, Jin Zhu, Zhifeng Gu, Bo You, Ying Shan, Si Shi
As a CXC subtype member of the chemokine superfamily, CXCL13 is considered to be involved in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), especially in lupus nephritis (LN). To determine the effect of CXCL13 on SLE and explore the potential mechanisms, we tested serum concentrations of CXCL13 in patients and healthy individuals and found that CXCL13 expression was high in SLE patients especially in LN patients. When we treated human renal mesangial cells (HRMCs) in vitro with recombinant human CXCL13, the cell proliferation was accelerated, which was tested by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and flow cytometry...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
Chih-Kang Chiang, Ching-Chia Wang, Tien-Fong Lu, Kuo-How Huang, Meei-Ling Sheu, Shing-Hwa Liu, Kuan-Yu Hung
Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs)-induced mesangial cell death is one of major causes of glomerulus dysfunction in diabetic nephropathy. Both endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy are adaptive responses in cells under environmental stress and participate in the renal diseases. The role of ER stress and autophagy in AGEs-induced mesangial cell death is still unclear. Here, we investigated the effect and mechanism of AGEs on glomerular mesangial cells. AGEs dose-dependently decreased mesangial cell viability and induced cell apoptosis...
September 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Patrick C Y Woo, Annette Y P Wong, Beatrice H L Wong, Carol S F Lam, Rachel Y Y Fan, Susanna K P Lau, Kwok-Yung Yuen
Recently, we reported the presence of Beilong virus in spleen and kidney samples of brown rats and black rats, suggesting that these rodents could be natural reservoirs of Beilong virus. In this study, four genomes of Beilong virus from brown rats and black rats were sequenced. Similar to the Beilong virus genome sequenced from kidney mesangial cell line culture, those of J-virus from house mouse and Tailam virus from Sikkim rats, these four genomes from naturally occurring Beilong virus also contain the eight genes (3'-N-P/V/C-M-F-SH-TM-G-L-5')...
September 20, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Xiangjun Li, Chaoyuan Li, Xiaoxia Li, Peihe Cui, Qifeng Li, Qiaoyan Guo, Hongbo Han, Shujun Liu, Guangdong Sun
Diabetic nephropathy (DN), a common complication associated with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), characterized by glomerular mesangial expansion, inflammation, accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) protein, and hypertrophy, is the major cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Increasing evidence suggested that p21-dependent glomerular and mesangial cell (MC) hypertrophy play key roles in the pathogenesis of DN. Recently, posttranscriptional modifications (PTMs) have uncovered novel molecular mechanisms involved in DN...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Thiago Bruder-Nascimento, Glaucia Callera, Augusto Cesar Montezano, Tayze T Antunes, Ying He, Aurelie Nguyen Dinh Cat, Nathanne S Ferreira, Pedro A Barreto, Vânia C Olivon, Rita C Tostes, Rhian M Touyz
Potential benefits of statins in the treatment of chronic kidney disease beyond lipid-lowering effects have been described. However, molecular mechanisms involved in renoprotective actions of statins have not been fully elucidated. We questioned whether statins influence development of diabetic nephropathy through reactive oxygen species, RhoA and Akt/GSK3 pathway, known to be important in renal pathology. Diabetic mice (db/db) and their control counterparts (db/+) were treated with atorvastatin (10 mg/Kg/day, p...
2016: PloS One
Yen-Jung Chou, Wei-Chih Kan, Chieh-Min Chang, Yi-Jen Peng, Hsien-Yi Wang, Wen-Chun Yu, Yu-Hsuan Cheng, Yu-Rou Jhang, Hsia-Wei Liu, Jiunn-Jye Chuu
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in diabetes mellitus. Oxidative stress, insulin resistance and pro-inflammatory cytokines have been shown to play an important role in pathogeneses of renal damage on type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Inonotus obliquus (IO) is a white rot fungus that belongs to the family Hymenochaetaceae; it has been used as an edible mushroom and exhibits many biological activities including anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-hyperglycemic properties...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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