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preoperative evaluation pancreas surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595819/risk-factors-and-prediction-model-for-inpatient-surgical-site-infection-after-major-abdominal-surgery
#1
Aslam Ejaz, Carl Schmidt, Fabian M Johnston, Steve M Frank, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a common source of postoperative morbidity and a marker of surgical quality. The ability to predict the incidence of SSIs is limited and most models have poor predictive value. We sought to identify risk factors associated with SSIs and develop a prediction model for SSIs after major abdominal surgery. METHODS: A total of 1744 patients undergoing pancreatic, hepatobiliary, and colorectal resections between January 1, 2010 and August 31, 2013 at Johns Hopkins Hospital were identified...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564643/prevent-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-possible-role-of-ultrasound-elastography
#2
Mirko D'Onofrio, Giulia Tremolada, Riccardo De Robertis, Stefano Crosara, Valentina Ciaravino, Nicolò Cardobi, Giovanni Marchegiani, Alessandra Pulvirenti, Valentina Allegrini, Roberto Salvia, Claudio Bassi, Roberto Pozzi Mucelli
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the utility of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) on pancreatic tissue as a preoperative predictor of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Studied patients underwent exclusively to pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) surgery. METHODS: Shear wave velocity of pancreas was measured using ARFI in 71 patients scheduled for PD. An intraoperative pancreas palpation was made by surgeons. A postoperative clinical evaluation to detect occurrence of POPF was performed...
June 1, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553687/malignant-mediastinal-lymphadenopathy-detected-by-endoscopic-ultrasound-and-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-in-patients-with-resectable-pancreaticobiliary-cancer
#3
Praveer Rai, Vinod Kumar, Ram Naval Rao
BACKGROUND: Resection surgery for pancreaticobiliary malignancies carries significant morbidity and mortality. Hence, preoperative assessment to exclude unresectable disease is mandatory. CT abdomen is the primary modality for staging of pancreaticobiliary cancers. However, some patients have malignant mediastinal lymphadenopathy (MML), which may be detected on endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) but not on CT scan. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 75 consecutive patients (median age 54 years: 44 men) with a diagnosis of resectable pancreaticobiliary cancer (carcinoma gallbladder, carcinoma pancreas, cholangiocarcinoma, or periampullary carcinoma) for the presence of MML using EUS by an experienced endosonographer...
May 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537412/-solid-pseudopapillary-neoplasms-of-the-pancreas
#4
J Tesaříková, M Loveček, Č Neoral, K Vomáčková, L Bébarová, P Skalický
INTRODUCTION: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) is a very rare neoplasm that occurs in girls and young women in 90% of cases; the range is 779 years of age, and the median is 28 years of age. This tumour was first described by Virginia Frantz in 1959 as a papillary cystic tumour of the pancreas. METHODS: The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse the incidence of SPN in all patients with a pancreatic tumour operated at the 1st Dept. of Surgery, University Hospital Olomouc between years 2006 and 2015...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369809/prospective-trial-to-evaluate-the-prognostic-value-of-different-nutritional-assessment-scores-in-pancreatic-surgery-nurimas-pancreas
#5
P Probst, S Haller, T Bruckner, A Ulrich, O Strobel, T Hackert, M K Diener, M W Büchler, P Knebel
BACKGROUND: Preoperative nutritional status has an impact on patients' clinical outcome. For pancreatic surgery, however, it is unclear which nutritional assessment scores adequately assess malnutrition associated with postoperative outcome. METHODS: Patients scheduled for elective pancreatic surgery at the University of Heidelberg were screened for eligibility. Twelve nutritional assessment scores were calculated before operation, and patients were categorized as either at risk or not at risk for malnutrition by each score...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316225/-the-clinical-impact-of-artery-first-approach-combined-with-vascular-resection-and-reconstruction-in-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-head-carcinoma
#6
J L Huang, W G Li, F Z Chen, Z J Su, F M Li, B Liu
Objective: To evaluate the application of artery first, combined vascular resection and reconstruction in the treatment of pancreatic head carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 13 patients with pancreatic head cancer were retrospectively analyzed from February 2014 to March 2016 in the Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University. Preoperative computed tomography of high resolution layer or magnetic resonance imaging examination demonstrated pancreatic head carcinoma, as well as close adhesion, stenosis, compression or displacement of superior mesenteric vein or portal vein wall...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315061/external-validation-of-the-simplified-preoperative-assessment-for-low-grade-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-appendix
#7
Vladimir Milovanov, Armando Sardi, Nail Aydin, Carol Nieroda, Michelle Sittig, Vadim Gushchin
BACKGROUND: MD Anderson Cancer Center developed a computed tomography (CT)-based preoperative assessment tool simplified preoperative assessment for appendix tumor (SPAAT) for predicting incomplete cytoreduction (IC) in low-grade mucinous adenocarcinoma (LGMA) of the appendix, based on preoperative CT scans. This study independently evaluates the tool's performance. METHODS: Seventy-six preoperative CT scans of LGMA patients were evaluated by two surgeons unfamiliar with the patients' medical history...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133177/-a-case-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-with-extensive-lymph-node-metastases-treated-by-capecitabine-plus-cisplatin-plus-trastuzumab-chemotherapy-followed-by-conversion-surgery
#8
Sho Yasuta, Junichiro Yamauchi, Kento Miyazaki, Mamoru Sato, Tomoya Ikeda, Shota Fujita, Keiichi Shirasaki, Shin Kobayashi, Takashi Ajiki, Katsuo Tsuchihara, Noriko Kondo, Shuichi Ishiyama
An 82-year-old woman underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to evaluate upper abdominal pain.A type 2 tumor (adenocarcinoma, por, HER2+)was found in the lesser curvature of the gastric antrum.Abdominal CT showed bulky lymph node metastases and pancreatic invasion of lymph node No.6 , resulting in a diagnosis of cT3N3M0, Stage III B.Radical resection was not possible by gastrectomy, and chemotherapy(capecitabine plus cisplatin plus trastuzumab)was administered. The primary lesion and lymph node showed significant regression on CT after the administration of 8 courses of chemotherapy, which also clarified the border between the lymph node and pancreas...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079542/development-and-validation-of-a-multi-institutional-preoperative-nomogram-for-predicting-grade-of-dysplasia-in-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-ipmns-of-the-pancreas-a-report-from-the-pancreatic-surgery-consortium
#9
Marc A Attiyeh, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo, Mohammad Al Efishat, Anne A Eaton, Mithat Gönen, Ruqayyah Batts, Ilaria Pergolini, Neda Rezaee, Keith D Lillemoe, Cristina R Ferrone, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Matthew J Weiss, John L Cameron, Ralph H Hruban, Michael I D'Angelica, Ronald P DeMatteo, T Peter Kingham, William R Jarnagin, Christopher L Wolfgang, Peter J Allen
OBJECTIVE: Previous nomogram models for patients undergoing resection of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) have been relatively small single-institutional series. Our objective was to improve upon these studies by developing and independently validating a new model using a large multiinstitutional dataset. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: IPMNs represent the most common radiographically identifiable precursor lesions of pancreatic cancer. They are a heterogenous group of neoplasms in which more accurate markers of high-grade dysplasia or early invasive carcinoma could help avoid unnecessary surgery in 1 case and support potentially curative intervention (resection) in another...
September 20, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861351/small-amounts-of-tissue-preserve-pancreatic-function-long-term-follow-up-study-of-middle-segment-preserving-pancreatectomy
#10
Zipeng Lu, Jie Yin, Jishu Wei, Cuncai Dai, Junli Wu, Wentao Gao, Qing Xu, Hao Dai, Qiang Li, Feng Guo, Jianmin Chen, Chunhua Xi, Pengfei Wu, Kai Zhang, Kuirong Jiang, Yi Miao
Middle-segment preserving pancreatectomy (MPP) is a novel procedure for treating multifocal lesions of the pancreas while preserving pancreatic function. However, long-term pancreatic function after this procedure remains unclear.The aims of this current study are to investigate short- and long-term outcomes, especially long-term pancreatic endocrine function, after MPP.From September 2011 to December 2015, 7 patients underwent MPP in our institution, and 5 cases with long-term outcomes were further analyzed in a retrospective manner...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756613/pancreatic-juice-cytology-with-immunohistochemistry-to-detect-malignancy-and-histologic-subtypes-in-patients-with-branch-duct-type-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-of-the-pancreas
#11
Shinsuke Koshita, Yutaka Noda, Kei Ito, Yoshihide Kanno, Takahisa Ogawa, Kaori Masu, Yoshiharu Masaki, Jun Horaguchi, Masaya Oikawa, Takashi Tsuchiya, Takashi Sawai, Miwa Uzuki, Fumiyoshi Fujishima
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to elucidate the efficacy of pancreatic juice cytology with the cell-block method (CB-PJC) for the determination of surgery in patients with branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (BD-IPMN). METHODS: In 138 patients with BD-IPMN from whom pancreatic juice was collected under ERCP for CB-PJC, we retrospectively evaluated the following: (1) the rate of successfully evaluated CB-PJC; (2) the ability of CB-PJC to diagnose malignancy and to identify pathologic subtypes in resected BD-IPMNs; (3) the rate of development into invasive cancer and progression of BD-IPMNs in patients with BD-IPMNs diagnosed as benignancy by CB-PJC; and (4) post-ERCP adverse events...
May 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693645/comparing-3-guidelines-on-the-management-of-surgically-removed-pancreatic-cysts-with-regard-to-pathological-outcome
#12
Selma J Lekkerkerker, Marc G Besselink, Olivier R Busch, Joanne Verheij, Marc R Engelbrecht, Erik A Rauws, Paul Fockens, Jeanin E van Hooft
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Currently, 3 guidelines are available for the management of pancreatic cysts. These guidelines vary in their indication for resection of high-risk cysts. We retrospectively compared the final pathologic outcome of surgically removed pancreatic cysts with the indications for resection according to 3 different guidelines. METHODS: Patients who underwent pancreatic resection were extracted from our prospective pancreatic cyst database (2006-present)...
May 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603299/pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-nonampullary-duodenal-lesions-indications-and-results
#13
Awad Shamali, Raymond McCrudden, Pradeep Bhandari, Fanny Shek, Emily Barnett, Adrian Bateman, Mohammed Abu Hilal
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a complex procedure, associated with a definite risk of mortality and 30-50% risk of complications. For nonampullary duodenal lesions, PD can carry a higher morbidity as they are more commonly associated with a soft pancreas and narrow-calibre main pancreatic ducts. It is therefore paramount that the risks and benefits of surgery are considered carefully in this group of patients. A preoperative histological diagnosis for duodenal lesions is normally achieved by endoscopic biopsy...
December 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468199/preoperative-defining-system-for-pancreatic-head-cancer-considering-surgical-resection
#14
Seok Jeong Yang, Ho Kyoung Hwang, Chang Moo Kang, Woo Jung Lee
AIM: To provide appropriate treatment, it is crucial to share the clinical status of pancreas head cancer among multidisciplinary treatment members. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the medical records of 113 patients who underwent surgery for pancreas head cancer from January 2008 to December 2012 was performed. We developed preoperative defining system of pancreatic head cancer by describing "resectability - tumor location - vascular relationship - adjacent organ involvement - preoperative CA19-9 (initial bilirubin level) - vascular anomaly"...
July 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256444/-clinical-observation-of-partial-pancreatectomy-as-part-of-primary-cytoreductive-surgery-in-advanced-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#15
L B Xiang, Y X Tu, T C He, X Pei, X X Shen, W T Yang, X H Wu, H J Yang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of partial pancreatectomy as part of primary cytoreductive surgery in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: A total of 8 patients were recruited in this study who underwent partial pancreatectomy during the primary cytoreductive surgeries for advanced EOC in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from April 2009 to July 2015. Their clinicopathological characteristics, diameter of metastatic tumors, the scope of cytoreductive surgeries, residual diseases after cytoreductive surgeries, postoperative complications and survival situation were retrospective analyzed...
May 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147453/preoperative-endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-tattooing-of-the-pancreas-with-a-minuscule-amount-of-marking-solution-using-a-newly-designed-injector
#16
Toru Okuzono, Yoshihide Kanno, Masato Nakahori, Hayato Aoki, Shun Sato, Tomoki Matsuda, Akimichi Chonan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recent studies have reported the usefulness of preoperative endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fiducial tattooing (EUS-tattooing) of the pancreas. However, problems of proper procedure, including markers and amounts, have not been resolved. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of EUS-tattooing with a minuscule amount of marking solution using a new injector. METHODS: Six consecutive patients who underwent EUS-tattooing between June 2013 and April 2015 at our center were retrospectively analyzed (mean age, 60...
November 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144881/postacute-care-after-major-abdominal-surgery-in-elderly-patients-intersection-of-age-functional-status-and-postoperative-complications
#17
Courtney J Balentine, Aanand D Naik, David H Berger, Herbert Chen, Daniel A Anaya, Gregory D Kennedy
IMPORTANCE: Advanced age is an important risk factor for discharge to postacute care (PAC) facilities including skilled nursing and rehabilitation. Factors modifying the age-related risk of discharge to PAC have not been adequately examined for surgical patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how preoperative functional status and postoperative complications affect age-related risk of discharge to PAC facilities following major abdominal surgery. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective cohort study of 55 238 patients aged 18 years or older having colorectal, pancreas, or liver operations in 2011 and 2012 at hospitals participating in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142626/process-of-pancreas-head-as-a-risk-factor-for-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-in-laparoscopic-gastric-cancer-surgery
#18
Nao Kobayashi, Hisashi Shinohara, Shusuke Haruta, Yu Ohkura, Aya Mizuno, Masaki Ueno, Harushi Udagawa, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF)-often caused by pancreatic injury during dissection of the peripancreatic lymph nodes-is a serious complication after gastric cancer surgery. We defined protruding pancreatic tissue on the anterior side of the pancreas head as "process of the pancreas head" (PPH) and investigated whether PPH is a predictable risk factor for POPF after laparoscopic gastrectomy. METHODS: We reviewed 255 patients who underwent laparoscopic total or distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer...
September 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048403/cystic-lesions-of-the-pancreas-is-radical-surgery-really-warranted
#19
Kim C Honselmann, Tobias Krauss, Sebastian Geserick, Ulrich F Wellner, Uwe Wittel, Ulrich T Hopt, Tobias Keck, Dirk Bausch
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate diagnostic accuracy of cystic lesions of the pancreas in order to determine if less aggressive surgical treatment might be safe and therefore warranted. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 232 patients with either observed or resected cystic lesions of the pancreas referred for evaluation and treatment to the University Medical Center Freiburg, Germany, between 2001 and 2011. RESULTS: Most patients had MRI or CT for preoperative imaging (90...
June 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26937750/surgical-treatment-of-metastatic-ovarian-tumors-from-extragenital-primary-sites
#20
Veysel Sal, Fuat Demirkiran, Samet Topuz, Ilker Kahramanoglu, Ibrahim Yalcin, Tugan Bese, Hamdullah Sozen, Nedim Tokgozoglu, Yavuz Salihoglu, Hasan Turan, Cem Iyibozkurt, Tugba Kolomuc, Nigar Sofiyeva, Sinan Berkman, Macit Arvas
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes and prognostic factors of metastasectomy in patients with metastatic ovarian tumors from extragenital primary sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with pathologically confirmed metastatic ovarian tumors between January 1997 and June 2015 were included in this study. A total of 131 patients were identified. The data were obtained from the patients' medical records. Clinicopathological features were evaluated by both univariate and multivariate analyses...
May 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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