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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439482/association-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-with-conduction-defects-on-electrocardiogram
#1
Muhammad A Mangi, Abdul M Minhas, Hiba Rehman, Furquan Pathan, Hong Liang, Sary Beidas
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a leading cause of liver disease in developed countries. The association of NAFLD with conduction defects is unknown. The aim of our study was to find whether an association exists between conduction defects and NAFLD. METHODS: This is a case-control retrospective study of 700 patients admitted to Orange Park Medical Center, Orange Park, Florida from 2009 to 2015. Patients with a history of alcohol use, congenital heart disease, infiltrative malignancy, and myocarditis were excluded from the study...
March 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439195/the-role-of-serial-measurements-of-serum-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-levels-in-the-development-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#2
Bayram Ali Dorum, Cansu Canbolat Yılmaz, Nilgün Köksal, Hilal Özkan, Meral Yıldız, Ahmet Tuncer Özmen
AIM: To determine the role of serum insulin-like growth factor-1 levels in the development of retinopathy of prematurity, which is a major cause of childhood blindness worldwide. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We prospectively studied newborn infants born at a postmenstrual age of <32 weeks and birth weights <1 500 gr, between January 1(st), 2015, and December 31(st), 2015. A total of 40 infants were enrolled in the study. The retinal examination time was determined in accordance with the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations for retinopathy of prematurity screening and follow-up...
March 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436467/prediction-of-intraventricular-haemorrhage-in-preterm-infants-using-time-series-analysis-of-blood-pressure-and-respiratory-signals
#3
Jacqueline Huvanandana, Chinh Nguyen, Cindy Thamrin, Mark Tracy, Murray Hinder, Alistair L McEwan
Despite the decline in mortality rates of extremely preterm infants, intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) remains common in survivors. The need for resuscitation and cardiorespiratory management, particularly within the first 24 hours of life, are important factors in the incidence and timing of IVH. Variability analyses of heart rate and blood pressure data has demonstrated potential approaches to predictive monitoring. In this study, we investigated the early identification of infants at a high risk of developing IVH, using time series analysis of blood pressure and respiratory data...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434960/solitary-cysticercal-cyst-insidethe-blake-s-pouch-remnant-of-mega-cisterna-magna-with-associated-aqueductal-stenosis-the-clinical-and-management-implications
#4
Kuntal Kanti Das, Jaskaran Singh Gosal, Suyash Singh, Anant Mehrotra, Awadhesh Jaiswal, Sushila Jaiswal, Raj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular and subarachnoid forms represent the relatively complex albeit uncommon manifestations of the central nervous system involvement by the cysticercal cysts. Cysticercal encystationinsidethe Blake's pouch remnant of mega cisterna magna remainsan extremely rare clinical scenario and to the best of our knowledge, has not been reported before. CASE REPORT: Herein, we report the case of a 12-year-old boy who presented with acute worsening and subsequent spontaneous resolution of his compensated hydrocephalus...
April 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430838/elevated-pulse-pressure-levels-are-associated-with-increased-in-hospital-mortality-in-acute-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#5
Jason J Chang, Yasser Khorchid, Kira Dillard, Ali Kerro, Lucia Goodwin Burgess, Georgy Cherkassky, Nitin Goyal, Kristina Chapple, Anne W Alexandrov, David Buechner, Andrei V Alexandrov, Georgios Tsivgoulis
OBJECTIVES: Clinical outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains poor. Definitive phase-3 trials in ICH have failed to demonstrate improved outcomes with intensive systolic blood pressure (SBP) lowering. We sought to determine whether other BP parameters-diastolic BP (DBP), pulse pressure (PP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP)-showed an association with clinical outcome in ICH. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a prospective cohort of 672 patients with spontaneous ICH and documented demographic characteristics, stroke severity, and neuroimaging parameters...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423686/clinical-features-and-prognosis-for-intraventricular-liponeurocytoma
#6
Nini Xu, Jinxiu Cai, Jiang Du, Rong Yang, Huachen Zhu, Peiyi Gao, Jian Zhou, Xiaofeng Li
Cerebellar liponeurocytoma is a rare central nervous system tumor, we investigate its biological behaviors and clinical prognosis to improve the understanding of this tumor. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical, radiological and histopathological findings as well as follow-up data of two patients with intraventricular liponeurocytomas in Beijing Tiantan Hospital between July 2000 and July 2016. The main clinical manifestations of the two patients were headache. The supratentorial intraventricular liponeurocytoma appeared as isodense to slight hyperdense on CT scan and heterogeneous intensity on T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) and T2-weighted imaging (T2WI)...
March 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421173/cerebral-autoregulation-brain-injury-and-the-transitioning-premature-infant
#7
REVIEW
Zachary A Vesoulis, Amit M Mathur
Improvements in clinical management of the preterm infant have reduced the rates of the two most common forms of brain injury, such as severe intraventricular hemorrhage and white matter injury, both of which are contributory factors in the development of cerebral palsy. Nonetheless, they remain a persistent challenge and are associated with a significant increase in the risk of adverse neurodevelopment outcomes. Repeated episodes of ischemia-reperfusion represent a common pathway for both forms of injury, arising from discordance between systemic blood flow and the innate regulation of cerebral blood flow in the germinal matrix and periventricular white matter...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419304/incorporating-a-modified-graeb-score-to-the-modified-fisher-scale-for-improved-risk-prediction-of-delayed-cerebral-ischemia-following-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#8
Matt E Eagles, Blessing N R Jaja, R Loch Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is a cause of poor outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Risk scales to predict DCI have scarcely been evaluated for predictive accuracy. Accounting for volume of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in the modified Fischer scale (mFS) may improve its predictive accuracy. OBJECTIVE: To compare the modified Graeb score (mGS) to the mFS for risk prediction of DCI, and to investigate whether incorporating an mGS cut-point into the mFS could improve predictive accuracy...
April 17, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419085/neonatal-outcomes-of-moderatelyly-preterm-infants-compared-to-extremely-preterm-infants
#9
Michele C Walsh, Edward F Bell, Sarah Kandefer, Shampa Saha, Waldemar A Carlo, Carl T D'Angio, Abbot R Laptook, Pablo J Sanchez, Barbara J Stoll, Seetha Shankaran, Krisa P Van Meurs, Noah Cook, Rosemary D Higgins, Abhik Das, Nancy S Newman, Kurt Schibler, Barbara Schmidt, C Michael Cotten, Brenda B Poindexter, Kristi L Watterberg, William E Truog
BACKGROUND: Extremely preterm infants (EPT, <29 weeks' gestation) represent only 0.9% of births in the U.S., yet these infants are focus of most published research. Moderately preterm neonates (MPT, 29-33(6/7) weeks), are an understudied group of high-risk infants. METHODS: Objective: To determine the neonatal outcomes of MPT across the gestational age spectrum, and to compare these to EPT. A prospective observational cohort was formed in 18 Level 3-4 NICUs in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Neonatal Research Network...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418458/right-ventricular-fiber-structure-as-a-compensatory-mechanism-in-experimental-pressure-overload-a-computational-study
#10
Arnold D Gomez, Huashan Zou, Megan E Bowen, Xiaoqing Liu, Edward W Hsu, Stephen H McKellar
Right ventricular failure (RVF) is a lethal condition in diverse pathologies. Pressure overload is the most common etiology of RVF, but our understanding of the tissue structure remodeling and other biomechanical factors involved in RVF is limited. Some remodeling patterns are interpreted as compensatory mechanisms including myocyte hypertrophy, extracellular fibrosis, and changes in fiber orientation. However, the specific implications of these changes, especially in relation to clinically observable measurements, are difficult to investigate experimentally...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415673/camp-pka-creb-bdnf-signaling-pathway-in-hippocampus-mediates-cyclooxygenase-2-induced-learning-memory-deficits-of-rats-subjected-to-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress
#11
Ying Luo, Shengnan Kuang, Huan Li, Dongzhi Ran, Junqing Yang
To investigate the mechanism of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2) in learning and memory impairments in rats subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS), meloxicam was used intragastrically to inhibit the activity of cyclooxygenase 2. Moreover, cyclooxygenase 2 over-expressing or RNA interfere lentivirus was injected intraventricularly to increase or decrease the enzyme's expression, respectively. The body weights and sucrose consumption were used to analyze depressive behaviors, while the Morris water maze and step-down-type passive avoidance tests were carried out to evaluate the learning-memory functions...
March 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413558/choroid-plexus-papilloma
#12
Divya Sethi, Rashmi Arora, Ketan Garg, Parul Tanwar
Choroid plexus tumors are rare intracranial tumors which account for only 0.4-0.6% of all brain tumors. These are intraventricular papillary neoplasms derived from choroid plexus epithelium and range from choroid plexus papillomas (World Health Organisation (WHO) grade I) to choroid plexus carcinomas (WHO grade III). It is an important albeit rare cause of hydrocephalous. We present to you the case of a 1-year-old child who presented with the signs and symptoms of hydrocephalous and was diagnosed as choroid plexus papilloma on histopathology...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413542/lateral-ventricular-gliosarcoma-with-attachment-to-septum-pellucidum
#13
Pravin Salunke, Harnarayan Singh, Kim Vaiphei
Gliosarcomas are lesions with both glial and sarcomatous elements and are usually seen abutting the dura. Intraventricular location is extremely rare. Such an unusual intraventricular gliosarcoma is being reported.
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413540/intraventricular-glioblastoma-multiforme-mimicking-meningioma-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Ashis Patnaik, Sudhansu S Mishra, Satya B Senapati
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor and is usually found in aged persons in the cerebral hemispheres particularly the frontotemporal region. But intraventricular GBM is rare and only few cases have been reported in the literature. We report a case of a 27-year-old man who presented with headache, vision loss in both eyes, and other signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed an intraventricular, well-circumscribed lesion with homogeneous enhancement of contrast, suggestive of meningioma that is more common than GBM in this location...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413535/third-ventricular-tuberculoma-mimicking-as-a-tumor-report-of-a-very-rare-case
#15
Gopal R Sharma, Prashant Kaushal, Bivek Vaidya, Pawan Kumar
Intracranial tuberculoma is a common neurosurgical problem in developing countries; however, intraventricular tuberculoma is a rare entity. Here, we report a rare case of third ventricular tuberculoma in a 21-year-old girl who presented with features of raised intracranial pressure. Radiological findings and management of third ventricular tuberculoma would be discussed and literature regarding such lesions will be reviewed.
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410511/evaluation-of-intraventricular-colistin-utilization-a-case-series
#16
Brian Gilbert, Christopher Morrison
PURPOSE: Multi-drug resistant organisms (MDROs) are an increasing concern in health systems. Pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumanii, and carbapenamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae hold highest mortality rates especially when the central nervous system is involved. When MDROs are cultured treatment options are limited and reliance on medications such as colistin is becoming more prevalent. Penetration of these therapies into the central nervous system is concerning therefore local administration is a potential concomitant therapy...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409751/early-extubation-failure-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-clinical-outcomes-and-predictive-factors
#17
K Al-Hathlol, N Bin Saleem, M Khawaji, S Al Saif, I Abdelhakim, B Al-Hathlol, E Bazbouz, Q Al Anzi, A Al-Essa
OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical outcomes and the potential predictive factors of early extubation failure (EEF) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: A retrospective study of VLBW infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) over five years. Neonates were intubated and mechanically ventilated on the first day of life, and early extubated within the first 3 days. EEF was defined as the need for re-intubation within 3 days of the first extubation...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408160/physical-training-promotes-similar-effects-to-the-blockade-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-on-the-cardiac-morphology-and-function-in-old-female-rats-subjected-to-premature-ovarian-failure
#18
Ana Carolina S Felix, Sabrina G V Dutra, Ada C Gastaldi, Pâmela C Bonfim, Suenimeire Vieira, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza
We investigated the effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition and aerobic physical training on the heart of old female rats (82-wk-old) submitted to premature ovarian failure (10-wk.-old). We used different approaches: morphology and function by echocardiography, reactivity of the coronary bed and left ventricular contractibility (Langendorff Technique). Female Wistar ovariectomized (OVX) rats (n=42) were assigned to one of four groups: OVX, vehicle treated only; OVX-EM, Enalapril Maleate only (EM, 10mg·kg(-1)·d(-1)); OVX-T, aerobic trained only; and OVX-EMT, treated with Enalapril Maleate and aerobic trained...
April 10, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407825/-effect-of-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-syndrome-on-complications-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#19
Song-Zhou Xu, Xiao-Yan Hu, Fang Zhao, Yu-Xin Zhou, Shuang-Chuan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome (PIH) on complications in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. METHODS: The VLBW preterm infants were enrolled as research subjects, and according to the presence or absence of PIH in their mothers, they were divided into PIH group and non- PIH group. The incidence of major complications and length of hospital stay were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in gestational age, birth weight, sex, incidence rate of maternal diabetes, and use of antepartum hormone...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407823/-application-of-humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-neonates-with-meconium-aspiration-syndrome-and-pulmonary-hypertension-after-extubation
#20
Xiao-Yan Gao, Lin Feng, Yu-Fen Qiu, Xin-Nian Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical value of humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHFNC) as a respiratory support after extubation by comparing it with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in neonates with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). METHODS: A total of 78 neonates with MAS and PPHN were randomly administered with HHFNC or NCPAP immediately after extubation. The following indices were compared between the two groups: blood gas parameters, duration of noninvasive ventilation, rate of extubation failure, and incidence of complications, such as nasal damage, abdominal distension, and intraventricular hemorrhage...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
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