Read by QxMD icon Read

zika dengue chikungunya

D B Kadam, Sonali Salvi, Ajay Chandanwale
The World Health Organization (WHO) has coined the term expanded dengue to describe cases which do not fall into either dengue shock syndrome or dengue hemorrhagic fever. This has incorporated several atypical findings of dengue. Dengue virus has not been enlisted as a common etiological agent in several conditions like encephalitis, Guillain Barre syndrome. Moreover it is a great mimic of co-existing epidemics like Malaria, Chikungunya and Zika virus disease, which are also mosquito-borne diseases. The atypical manifestations noted in dengue can be mutisystemic and multifacetal...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
David Baca-Carrasco, Jorge X Velasco-Hernández
Since the first major outbreak reported on the island Yap in 2007, the Zika virus spread has alerted the scientific community worldwide. Zika is an arbovirus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes; particularly in Central and South America, the main vector is the same mosquito that transmits dengue and chikungunya, Aedes aegypti. Seeking to understand the dynamics of spread of the Zika, in this paper, three mathematical models are presented, in which vector transmission of the virus, sexual contact transmission and migration are considered...
October 14, 2016: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
Letícia B Smith, Shinji Kasai, Jeffrey G Scott
Aedes aegypti and A. albopictus mosquitoes are vectors of important human disease viruses, including dengue, yellow fever, chikungunya and Zika. Pyrethroid insecticides are widely used to control adult Aedes mosquitoes, especially during disease outbreaks. Herein, we review the status of pyrethroid resistance in A. aegypti and A. albopictus, mechanisms of resistance, fitness costs associated with resistance alleles and provide suggestions for future research. The widespread use of pyrethroids has given rise to many populations with varying levels of resistance worldwide, albeit with substantial geographical variation...
October 2016: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Benjamin H Kaffenberger, David Shetlar, Scott Norton, Misha Rosenbach
Global temperatures continue to rise, reaching new records almost every year this decade. Although the causes are debated, climate change is a reality. Consequences of climate change include melting of the arctic ice cap, rising of sea levels, changes in precipitation patterns, and increased severe weather events. This article updates dermatologists about the effects of climate change on the epidemiology and geographic ranges of selected skin diseases in North America. Although globalization, travel, and trade are also important to changing disease and vector patterns, climate change creates favorable habitats and expanded access to immunologically naïve hosts...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
David S Younger
Zika virus is an arbovirus belonging to the Flaviviridae family known to cause mild clinical symptoms similar to those of dengue and chikungunya. Zika is transmitted by different species of Aedes mosquitoes. Nonhuman primates and possibly rodents play a role as reservoirs. Direct interhuman transmission has also been reported. Human cases have been reported in Africa and Asia, Easter Island, the insular Pacific region, and Brazil. Its clinical profile is that of a dengue-like febrile illness, but recently associated Guillain-Barre syndrome and microcephaly have appeared...
November 2016: Neurologic Clinics
D Resiere
Martinique was accepted as an associate member by the Council of Ministers of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean State since February 2015. This membership constitutes a major asset in bringing Martiniquais closer to the other Caribbean populations and should play a key role as it relates to regional cooperation especially in the domain of healthcare. Martinique and several Caribbean countries share common health issues such as; dengue, chikungunya virus, Zika Virus leptospirosis, snakebite, severe cardiovascular diseases (CVD), HTLV-1, sickle cell diseases and so on...
August 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Caterina Rizzo, Christian Napoli, Giulietta Venturi, Simonetta Pupella, Letizia Lombardini, Paolo Calistri, Federica Monaco, Roberto Cagarelli, Paola Angelini, Romeo Bellini, Marco Tamba, Alessandra Piatti, Francesca Russo, Giorgio Palù, Mario Chiari, Antonio Lavazza, Antonino Bella
In Italy a national Plan for the surveillance of imported and autochthonous human vector-borne diseases (chikungunya, dengue, Zika virus disease and West Nile virus (WNV) disease) that integrates human and veterinary (animals and vectors) surveillance, is issued and revised annually according with the observed epidemiological changes. Here we describe results of the WNV integrated veterinary and human surveillance systems in Italy from 2008 to 2015. A real time data exchange protocol is in place between the surveillance systems to rapidly identify occurrence of human and animal cases and to define and update the map of affected areas i...
September 15, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
Burke A Cunha, Victoria B Leonichev, Muhammad Raza
Travelers returning from the tropics often present with rash/fever. Those with rash/fever and myalgias/arthralgias are most likely due to chikungunya fever, dengue fever, or Zika virus. In these arthropod viral transmitted infections, the rash may be pruritic. The case presented here is that of chikungunya fever remarkable for the intensity and duration of her pruritis.
2016: IDCases
Indra Vythilingam, Jamal I-C Sam, Yoke F Chan, Loke T Khaw, Wan Y Wan Sulaiman
Zika virus (ZIKV) has now become a global public health concern. The vectors for ZIKV are Aedes aegypti and A. albopictus. Both these mosquitoes are predominant in Southeast Asia and are also responsible for the spread of other arboviral diseases like dengue virus and chikungunya virus. The incidence of dengue has been increasing over the years and this is of concern to public health workers. Simple laboratory tools for the detection of ZIKV is also lacking. In the absence of drugs and vaccine for these arboviral diseases, vector control is the main option for surveillance and control...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
José-Luis Barnay, Andre Cabie, Sylvie Abel, Emilie Javelle, Odile Troisgros, Patrick René-Corail
Arboviruses cause very recurrent epidemics, the oldest Dengue, known especially outside the flu-like syndrome with high fever mainly impacting vulnerable populations, may be responsible for severe hemorrhagic fevers, but also a few cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome. In 2014, the French Antilles occurred an outbreak of Chikungunya, following that of the Reunion's outbreak. During this period have been described, the articular and musculo-squellettic lesions, responsible for loss of autonomy in populations already carriers of chronic inflammatory joint damage or mechanical, but also a heavy impact on the autonomy of elderly and frail people...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Juliana Cecchetto, Flávio C B Fernandes, Rute Lopes, Paulo R Bueno
NS1 is a biomarker for different Flavivirus diseases such as dengue (DENV), zika (ZIKV) and chikungunya (CHIKV) and was herein selectively quantified by electrochemical capacitive sensing (an impedance-derived capacitance methodology wherein the redox probe is contained in the receptive layer) mainly aiming dengue diagnosis in phosphate buffer saline and blood serum environments (up to the neat level). The capacitive sensing was compared to traditional concurrent impedimetric approach (in which the redox probe is added in the biological solution) and other transient methods stated in the literature regarding figures of merit such as limit of detection, linear range, relative standard deviation and affinity constant...
August 30, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
James W Mains, Corey L Brelsfoard, Robert I Rose, Stephen L Dobson
Dengue, chikungunya and zika viruses are pathogens with an increasing global impact. In the absence of an approved vaccine or therapy, their management relies on controlling the mosquito vectors. But traditional controls are inadequate, and the range of invasive species such as Aedes albopictus (Asian Tiger Mosquito) is expanding. Genetically modified mosquitoes are being tested, but their use has encountered regulatory barriers and public opposition in some countries. Wolbachia bacteria can cause a form of conditional sterility, which can provide an alternative to genetic modification or irradiation...
2016: Scientific Reports
Michael R Wilson, Lara L Zimmermann, Emily D Crawford, Hannah A Sample, Priya Soni, Amira Baker, Lillian M Khan, Joseph L DeRisi
Solid organ transplant patients are vulnerable to suffering neurologic complications from a wide array of viral infections and can be sentinels in the population who are first to get serious complications from emerging infections like the recent waves of arboviruses, including West Nile virus, Chikungunya virus, Zika virus, and Dengue virus. The diverse and rapidly changing landscape of possible causes of viral encephalitis poses great challenges for traditional candidate-based infectious disease diagnostics that already fail to identify a causative pathogen in approximately 50% of encephalitis cases...
September 20, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Elvina Viennet, Scott A Ritchie, Craig R Williams, Helen M Faddy, David Harley
Dengue has a negative impact in low- and lower middle-income countries, but also affects upper middle- and high-income countries. Despite the efforts at controlling this disease, it is unclear why dengue remains an issue in affluent countries. A better understanding of dengue epidemiology and its burden, and those of chikungunya virus and Zika virus which share vectors with dengue, is required to prevent the emergence of these diseases in high-income countries in the future. The purpose of this review was to assess the relative burden of dengue in four high-income countries and to appraise the similarities and differences in dengue transmission...
September 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Ling Xue, Carrie A Manore, Panpim Thongsripong, James M Hyman
We develop and analyse an ordinary differential equation model to investigate the transmission dynamics of releasing Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes to establish an endemic infection in a population of wild uninfected mosquitoes. Wolbachia is a genus of endosymbiotic bacteria that can infect mosquitoes and reduce their ability to transmit some viral mosquito-transmitted diseases, including dengue fever, chikungunya, and Zika. Although the bacterium is transmitted vertically from infected mothers to their offspring, it can be difficult to establish an endemic infection in a wild mosquito population...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Freddy Ruiz-López, Ana González-Mazo, Andrés Vélez-Mira, Giovan F Gómez, Luisa Zuleta, Sandra Uribe, Iván Darío Vélez-Bernal
INTRODUCTION: Aedes aegypti is the main vector of urban yellow fever, dengue, chikungunya and Zika viruses. The biogeographical distribution of this species has expanded due to global warming, and socioeconomic and cultural factors. The changes in the altitudinal distribution patterns of this vector and its natural infection are priority fields of research to develop entomological, virological and public health surveillance strategies.  OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of A...
2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
S H Ho, P Speldewinde, A Cook
A Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) for assessing the potential risk of dengue virus emergence and distribution in Western Australia (WA) is presented and used to identify possible hotspots of dengue outbreaks in summer and winter. The model assesses the probabilities of two kinds of events which must take place before an outbreak can occur: (1) introduction of the virus and mosquito vectors to places where human population densities are high; and (2) vector population growth rates as influenced by climatic factors...
September 13, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Kanti Pabbaraju, Sallene Wong, Kara Gill, Kevin Fonseca, Graham A Tipples, Raymond Tellier
BACKGROUND: In the recent past, arboviruses such as Chikungunya (CHIKV) and Zika (ZIKV) have increased their area of endemicity and presented as an emerging global public health threat. OBJECTIVES: To design an assay for the simultaneous detection of ZIKV, CHIKV and Dengue (DENV) 1-4 from patients with symptoms of arboviral infection. This would be advantageous because of the similar clinical presentation typically encountered with these viruses and their co-circulation in endemic areas...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Marimuthu Govindarajan, Shine Kadaikunnan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Giovanni Benelli
The recent outbreaks of dengue, chikungunya, and Zika virus highlighted the pivotal importance of mosquito vector control in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. However, mosquito control is facing hot challenges, mainly due to the rapid development of pesticide resistance in Culicidae and the limited success of biocontrol programs on Aedes mosquitoes. In this framework, screening botanicals for their mosquitocidal potential may offer effective and eco-friendly tools in the fight against mosquitoes. In the present study, the essential oil (EO) obtained from the medicinal plant Origanum scabrum was analyzed by GC-MS and evaluated for its mosquitocidal and repellent activities towards Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, Culex quinquefasciatus, and Culex tritaeniorhynchus...
September 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Valentín Uc-Puc, Josué Herrera-Bojórquez, Carolina Carmona-Carballo, Azael Che-Mendoza, Anuar Medina-Barreiro, Juan Chablé-Santos, Juan I Arredondo-Jiménez, Adriana E Flores-Suárez, Pablo Manrique-Saide
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the efficacy of commercial repellents available in Yucatan against Aedes aegypti, vector of dengue, Chikungunya and Zika. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Protection time was determined based on WHO/CTD/ WHOPES/IC y la NOM-032-SSA2-20I4. RESULTS: Products with DEET (N, N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide) at 25% met the recommended protection. Efficacy was directly proportional to the concentration of DEET; botanicals repellents resulted no protective...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"