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vestibular center of pressure

Nikolaus E Wolter, Sharon L Cushing, Luis D Vilchez Madrigal, Adrian L James, Jennifer Campos, Blake C Papsin, Karen A Gordon
OBJECTIVE: To determine if children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (UHL) demonstrate impaired balance compared with their normal hearing (NH) peers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, case-control study. METHODS: Balance was assessed in14 UHL and 14 NH children using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test-2 (BOT-2) and time to fall (TTF) in an immersive, virtual-reality laboratory. Postural control was quantified by center of pressure (COP) using force plates...
September 30, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Babette F van Esch, Peter Paul G van Benthem, Hester J van der Zaag-Loonen, Tjasse D Bruintjes
OBJECTIVE: There are no epidemiological studies quantifying the prevalence of second causes of dizziness in Ménière's disease (MD). Therefore, we aimed to quantify which dizziness-inducing causes are prevalent alongside MD. Moreover, we analyzed which second cause of dizziness was more common in a specific age group and if age was a risk factor. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. METHODS: Data were retrospectively obtained from all MD patients who visited our clinic between January 2000 and December 2013...
September 16, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Hossein Talebi, Mohammad Taghi Karimi, Seyed Hamid Reza Abtahi, Niloofar Fereshtenejad
Aims. Vestibular system is indicated as one of the most important sensors responsible for static and dynamic postural control. In this study, we evaluated static balance in patients with unilateral vestibular impairments. Materials and Methods. We compared static balance control using Kistler force plate platform between 10 patients with unilateral vestibular impairments and 20 normal counterparts in the same sex ratio and age limits (50 ± 7). We evaluated excursion and velocity of center of pressure (COP) and path length in anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) planes with eyes open and with eyes closed...
2016: Scientifica
Ya-Ling Teng, Chiung-Ling Chen, Shu-Zon Lou, Wei-Tsan Wang, Jui-Yen Wu, Hui-Ing Ma, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen
Postural dysfunctions are prevalent in patients with schizophrenia and affect their daily life and ability to work. In addition, sensory functions and sensory integration that are crucial for postural control are also compromised. This study intended to examine how patients with schizophrenia coordinate multiple sensory systems to maintain postural stability in dynamic sensory conditions. Twenty-nine patients with schizophrenia and 32 control subjects were recruited. Postural stability of the participants was examined in six sensory conditions of different level of congruency of multiple sensory information, which was based on combinations of correct, removed, or conflicting sensory inputs from visual, somatosensory, and vestibular systems...
2016: PloS One
Emma Bestaven, Charline Kambrun, Dominique Guehl, Jean-René Cazalets, Etienne Guillaud
BACKGROUND: Motion sickness may be caused by a sensory conflict between the visual and the vestibular systems. Scopolamine, known to be the most effective therapy to control the vegetative symptoms of motion sickness, acts on the vestibular nucleus and potentially the vestibulospinal pathway, which may affect balance and motor tasks requiring both attentional process and motor balance. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of scopolamine on motor control and attentional processes...
2016: PeerJ
Shirley S M Fong, X Guo, Karen P Y Liu, W Y Ki, Lobo H T Louie, Raymond C K Chung, Duncan J Macfarlane
Sensory organisation of balance control is compromised in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). A randomised controlled trial involving 88 children with DCD was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a task-specific balance training (functional-movement training, FMT) programme in improving balance deficits in a DCD population. The DCD participants were randomly assigned to either a FMT group or a control group. The FMT group received two training sessions/ week for 3 months. Measurements of the participants' sensory organisation (somatosensory, vestibular and visual ratios), balance and motor proficiency (Movement Assessment Battery for Children, MABC scores) and center of pressure sway velocity (Unilateral Stance Test, UST scores) were taken at baseline, immediately after FMT and 3 months after FMT...
2016: Scientific Reports
Anthony Remaud, Cécile Thuong-Cong, Martin Bilodeau
Normal aging results in alterations in the visual, vestibular and somtaosensory systems, which in turn modify the control of balance. Muscle fatigue may exacerbate these age-related changes in sensory and motor functions, and also increase the attentional demands associated with dynamic postural control. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aging on dynamic postural control and posture-related attentional demands before and after a plantar flexor fatigue protocol. Participants (young adults: n = 15; healthy seniors: n = 13) performed a dynamic postural task along the antero-posterior (AP) and the medio-lateral (ML) axes, with and without the addition of a simple reaction time (RT) task...
2015: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Samuel R Barber, Yew Song Cheng, Maryanna Owoc, Brian M Lin, Aaron K Remenschneider, Elliott D Kozin, Daniel J Lee
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Repair of superior canal dehiscence (SCD) often results in the resolution of preoperative auditory and vestibular symptoms; however, many patients experience dizziness in the postoperative period. Postoperative dizziness may be the result of new-onset benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This study aims to investigate the prevalence of BPPV before and following SCD repair. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review at a tertiary care center...
September 2016: Laryngoscope
Anat Lubetzky-Vilnai, Sarah W McCoy, Robert Price, Marcia A Ciol
What happens at the sensory level when a person is balancing on compliant surfaces? Compliant surfaces such as both-sides-up (BOSU) balls are often used as a form of "proprioceptive exercises." Clinical theories in neurorehabilitation suggest that compliant surfaces disrupt the somatosensory contribution to balance and increase reliance on vision and vestibular input. Understanding the sensory aspects of compliant surfaces' exercises would have important implications for balance training of athletes and of people with somatosensory deficits such as people with recurrent ankle sprains...
October 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Marie-Désirée Ezane, Cynthia Lions, Emmanuel Bui Quoc, Chantal Milleret, Maria Pia Bucci
PURPOSE: To analyse postural performances of strabismic children, both in the spatial and the temporal domains, by wavelet transformation, comparing both stable and unstable situations. METHODS: Twenty-six strabismic children aged from 4 to 11 years old and 26 age-matched normal children participated in the study. Postural performances were evaluated using the Framiral® platform. Posture was recorded in the following conditions: eyes open fixating a target and eyes closed on stable and unstable platforms...
October 2015: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Pamela E Jeter, Steffany Haaz Moonaz, Ava K Bittner, Gislin Dagnelie
OBJECTIVE: Persons with visual impairment (VI) are at greater risk for falls due to irreparable damage to visual sensory input contributing to balance. Targeted training may significantly improve postural stability by strengthening the remaining sensory systems. Here, we evaluate the Ashtanga-based Yoga Therapy (AYT) program as a multi-sensory behavioral intervention to develop postural stability in VI. DESIGN: A randomized, waitlist-controlled, single-blind clinical trial...
2015: PloS One
G Vignaux, S Besnard, P Denise, F Elefteriou
The vestibular system is a small bilateral structure located in the inner ear, known as the organ of balance and spatial orientation. It senses head orientation and motion, as well as body motion in the three dimensions of our environment. It is also involved in non-motor functions such as postural control of blood pressure. These regulations are mediated via anatomical projections from vestibular nuclei to brainstem autonomic centers and are involved in the maintenance of cardiovascular function via sympathetic nerves...
August 2015: Current Osteoporosis Reports
Jessica Marie Ross, Ramesh Balasubramaniam
The contributions of somatosensory, vestibular, and visual feedback to balance control are well documented, but the influence of auditory information, especially acoustic noise, on balance is less clear. Because somatosensory noise has been shown to reduce postural sway, we hypothesized that noise from the auditory modality might have a similar effect. Given that the nervous system uses noise to optimize signal transfer, adding mechanical or auditory noise should lead to increased feedback about sensory frames of reference used in balance control...
August 2015: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
T M Julian, M M Backonja
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether vulvar vestibulitis syndrome is a form of reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between October 1, 1998, and February 16, 1999, 20 subjects attending a gynecology clinic at a tertiary care center received diagnoses of vulvar vestibulitis syndrome. A history was recorded, and a gynecological examination was performed for each, including a detailed description of the vulva, vaginal Gram's stain, vaginal culture, pH, and wet preparation of any discharge...
January 2000: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Alberto Diniz-Filho, Erwin R Boer, Carolina P B Gracitelli, Ricardo Y Abe, Nienke van Driel, Zhiyong Yang, Felipe A Medeiros
PURPOSE: To evaluate postural control using a dynamic virtual reality environment and the relationship between postural metrics and history of falls in patients with glaucoma. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: The study involved 42 patients with glaucoma with repeatable visual field defects on standard automated perimetry (SAP) and 38 control healthy subjects. METHODS: Patients underwent evaluation of postural stability by a force platform during presentation of static and dynamic visual stimuli on stereoscopic head-mounted goggles...
June 2015: Ophthalmology
Eric Diego Turossi Amorim, Vivian Rossi Peras, Ozahyr de Andrade, Marli Cardoso Martins-Pinge
Exposure to microgravity induces autonomic and vestibular disorders such as alterations in cardiovascular function. The paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) is known to be an important center for integrating autonomic and cardiovascular responses as blood volume reflexes. The acute effects promoted by microgravity and PVN involvement in cardiovascular and autonomic parameters have not yet been evaluated. Male Wistar rats were anesthetized to facilitate cannulae implantation in the PVN. After 3 days of surgical recovery, femoral artery and vein catheters were implanted for direct recording of blood pressure and heart rate (HR) in conscious animals to evaluate cardiovascular and autonomic changes in an acute protocol of head-down tilt (HDT) in nonanesthetized rats...
August 2015: Journal of Neuroscience Research
L Bernard-Demanze, J J Temprado, M Elzière, I M Albertsen, F Retornaz, J P Lavieille, A Devèze
The effects of haptic supplementation on postural stability during upright standing with vision were investigated in 11 unilateral vestibular loss (UVL) patients and compared to 12 age-marched controls. All the participants were instructed to grip a fixed or mobile stick. In the mobile conditions, the lower extremity of the stick was in contact with a slippery or a rough surface. Postural stability was assessed by the root mean square (RMS) and the velocity of the center of foot pressure (CoP) displacements in both antero-posterior (AP) and medio-lateral (ML) directions...
April 10, 2015: Neuroscience Letters
Yang Yang, Fang Pu, Xiaoning Lv, Shuyu Li, Jing Li, Deyu Li, Minggao Li, Yubo Fan
Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) can be used to study the body's response to vestibular stimuli. This study aimed to investigate whether postural responses to GVS were different between pilots and the general populace. Bilateral bipolar GVS was applied with a constant-current profile to 12 pilots and 12 control subjects via two electrodes placed over the mastoid processes. Both GVS threshold and the center of pressure's trajectory (COP's trajectory) were measured. Position variability of COP during spontaneous body sway and peak displacement of COP during GVS-induced body sway were calculated in the medial-lateral direction...
2015: BioMed Research International
Chia-Cheng Lin, Susan L Whitney, Patrick J Loughlin, Joseph M Furman, Mark S Redfern, Kathleen H Sienko, Patrick J Sparto
Vibrotactile feedback (VTF) has been shown to improve balance performance in healthy people and people with vestibular disorders in a single-task experimental condition. It is unclear how age-related changes in balance affect the ability to use VTF and if there are different attentional requirements for old and young adults when using VTF. Twenty younger and 20 older subjects participated in this two-visit study to examine the effect of age, VTF, sensory condition, cognitive task, duration of time, and visit on postural and cognitive performance...
April 1, 2015: Journal of Neurophysiology
Luigi Califano, Giuseppina Iorio, Francesca Salafia, Salvatore Mazzone, Maria Califano
MAIN OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of the hyperventilation test (HVT) in the diagnosis of vestibular schwannoma (VS). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of hyperventilation-induced nystagmus (HVIN) in 45 patients with unilateral VS. SETTING: A tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Forty-five patients with VS; 30 patients with chronic vestibular neuritis; 20 healthy subjects with normal hearing and without symptoms or a history of vertigo, migraine, or neurological diseases (control group)...
February 2015: Otology & Neurotology
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