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propanolol atenolol

Farnaz Farahmand, Bahar Ghasemzadeh, Abdolhossein Naseri
An air assisted liquid-liquid microextraction by applying the solidification of a floating organic droplet method (AALLME-SFOD) coupled with a multivariate calibration method, namely partial least squares (PLS), was introduced for the fast and easy determination of Atenolol (ATE), Propanolol (PRO) and Carvedilol (CAR) in biological samples via a spectrophotometric approach. The analytes would be extracted from neutral aqueous solution into 1-dodecanol as an organic solvent, using AALLME. In this approach a low-density solvent with a melting point close to room temperature was applied as the extraction solvent...
January 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Taige Cao, Angeline Anning Yong, Kong Bing Tan, Hong Liang Tey
Aquagenic pruritus (AP) is a rare condition with unknown pathogenesis. We explored its pathogenesis through investigations of a patient and report the first case to be effectively treated with atenolol. A 36-year-old Indian female presented with idiopathic AP. Small-fiber neuropathy involving itch/pain-transmitting C-fibers appears to be pathogenetically important: compared with matched controls, our patient had increased intra-epidermal nerve fibers, raised warmth detection threshold, and marked hyperknesis to electrical stimulation...
May 2015: Dermatologic Therapy
Diana Nara Ribeiro de Sousa, Antonio Aparecido Mozeto, Renato Lajarim Carneiro, Pedro Sergio Fadini
The use of chemical markers of undoubted anthropogenic sources for surface freshwater contamination by wastewaters was evaluated employing correlations observed between measured physico-chemical parameters as the electrical conductivity and the concentration of different emerging organic compounds. During the period from April/2011 to April/2012 spatial-temporal variations and contamination patterns of two rivers (Piraí and Jundiaí rivers), São Paulo state, Brazil were evaluated. Seven physico-chemical parameters and concentrations of different classes of emerging contaminants were determined in samples collected in seven field campaigns...
June 15, 2014: Science of the Total Environment
Federico Ferrari, Agata Gallipoli, Matteo Balderacchi, Maria M Ulaszewska, Ettore Capri, Marco Trevisan
This study give a preliminary survey of pharmaceutical contamination and accumulation in surface waters and sediments along the river Po basin (74,000 km(2), the largest in Italy), a strategic region for the Italian economy: it collects sewage from a vast industrialized area of Italy (Autorità di Baciono del fiume Po, 2006, 2009). 10 pharmaceuticals (atenolol, propanolol, metoprolol, nimesulide, furosemide, carbamazepine, ranitidine, metronidazole, paracetamol, and atorvastatin) from several therapeutic classes were searched in 54 sampling points along the river Po from the source to the delta, and at the mouth of its major effluents...
2011: Journal of Toxicology
Alfredo Del Giaccio, Antonio Eblen-Zajjur
Calcium channel blockers, beta adrenergic receptor blockers and Na/K ATPase inhibitors are widely used drugs, mainly for cardiovascular diseases. Their pharmacological targets are not restricted to the cardivascular tissue, nociceptive system structures also express similar targets, which strongly suggests a direct effect on pain sensation. To evaluate the pain intensity changes in outpatient groups, who receive these drugs as a therapy, a cross-sectional sampled, randomized patient groups receiving the calcium channel blocker amlodipine for blood hypertension (n=45), beta adrenergic receptor blockers (propranolol, atenolol or pindolol; n=40) for blood hypertension, or digoxin (n=40) for heart failure, were compared to an aparently healthy volunteers control group (n=60)...
March 2010: Investigación Clínica
Pablo Aránguiz-Urroz, Jimena Canales, Miguel Copaja, Rodrigo Troncoso, Jose Miguel Vicencio, Constanza Carrillo, Hernán Lara, Sergio Lavandero, Guillermo Díaz-Araya
Autophagy is a physiological degradative process key to cell survival during nutrient deprivation, cell differentiation and development. It plays a major role in the turnover of damaged macromolecules and organelles, and it has been involved in the pathogenesis of different cardiovascular diseases. Activation of the adrenergic system is commonly associated with cardiac fibrosis and remodeling, and cardiac fibroblasts are key players in these processes. Whether adrenergic stimulation modulates cardiac fibroblast autophagy remains unexplored...
January 2011: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
M Martínez Galera, M D Gil García, M J Culzoni, H C Goicoechea
An analytical method for the simultaneous determination of nine beta-blockers (sotalol atenolol, nadolol, pindolol, metoprolol, timolol, bisoprolol, propanolol and betaxolol) and two analgesics (paracetamol and phenazone) in river water by liquid chromatography and diode array detection is reported. The method involves a modified precolumn switching methodology replacing the small precolumn with a short C18 liquid chromatography column (50 mm x 4.6 mm, 5 microm particle size), thus allowing the preconcentration of large water sample volumes whereas interferences eluting at the first of the chromatogram were discarded to waste...
March 26, 2010: Journal of Chromatography. A
C Fernández, M González-Doncel, J Pro, G Carbonell, J V Tarazona
The Henares-Jarama-Tajo river system is the largest drainage basin in the Province of Madrid, Spain. This area is characterized by the presence of intensive urban and industrial activities influenced by a continental Mediterranean climate with rainfalls presenting substantial fluctuations along the different seasons. This research aimed to monitor seasonal variations in concentrations of 22 pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) in this river system and to establish the potential risk of sublethal effects on aquatic organisms...
January 1, 2010: Science of the Total Environment
Roberto Rosal, Antonio Rodríguez, José Antonio Perdigón-Melón, Alice Petre, Eloy García-Calvo, María José Gómez, Ana Agüera, Amadeo R Fernández-Alba
This work reports a systematic survey of over seventy individual pollutants in a Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) receiving urban wastewater. The compounds include mainly pharmaceuticals and personal care products, as well as some metabolites. The quantification in the ng/L range was performed by Liquid Chromatography-QTRAP-Mass Spectrometry and Gas Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometry. The results showed that paraxanthine, caffeine and acetaminophen were the main individual pollutants usually found in concentrations over 20 ppb...
January 2010: Water Research
David Bendz, Nicklas A Paxéus, Timothy R Ginn, Frank J Loge
Pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) in the environment lately have been acknowledged to constitute a health risk for humans and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Human and veterinary applications are the main sources of PhACs in the environment and the major pathways are excretion and discharge to the environment through sewage treatment plants (STPs). In this study, the occurrence and fate of selected human PhACs belonging to different therapeutic classes (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, lipid regulators, anti-epileptics, antibiotics and beta-blockers) were investigated in a small river in the very south of Sweden...
July 15, 2005: Journal of Hazardous Materials
B Aouizerate, C Martin-Guehl, J Tignol
Social phobia (also known as social anxiety disorder) is still not clearly understood. It was not established as an authentic psychiatric entity until the diagnostic nomenclature of the American Psychiatric Association DSM III in 1980. In recent years, increasing attention among researchers has contributed to provide important information about the genetic, familial and temperamental bases of social phobia and its neurochemical, neuroendocrinological and neuroanatomical substrates, which remain to be further investigated...
July 2004: L'Encéphale
Hana Navrátilová, Radka Opatrilová, Zdenek Kríz, Jaroslav Koca
A series of different racemic aryloxyaminopropan-2-ol derivatives 1a-d-3a-d with potential beta-adrenergic blocking effects related to propanolol 4 and atenolol 5 was resolved by HPLC using Chiralcel OD-H and Chiralpak AD as chiral stationary phases. Mobile phases consisted of a hexane/alcohol (propan-2-ol or ethanol) mixture doped with a modifier (DEA or TFA). The retention behavior of the compounds depended on the position of the carbamate attached to the aryloxy moiety and on the length of the alkyl residue in the carbamate...
March 2004: Chirality
P C Ip-Yam, P Ruban, C Cheng, T Ravintharan
INTRODUCTION: The laparoscopic adrenalectomy approach to phaeochromocytoma surgery offers the opportunity to use new short-acting drugs to facilitate rapid recovery. CLINICAL PICTURE: We report on 2 cases who underwent laparoscopic resection of phaeochromocytoma. The first was a 40-year-old lady who had been started on phenoxybenzamine 20 mg bd, but developed a recurrence of bronchial asthma after starting atenolol which was subsequently stopped. The second was a 51-year-old lady with neurofibromatosis who was taking phenoxybenzamine 20 mg bd and propanolol 20 mg tds...
November 2003: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
E Alzola, N Chaïb, S Pochet, E Kabré, A Marino, J P Dehaye
We have compared the formation of pores in rat submandibular acinar cells in response to 2',3'-O-(4-benzoylbenzoyl) adenosine 5'-triphosphate (Bz-ATP) and maitotoxin. Bz-ATP (100 microM) permeabilized the cells to ethidium bromide. The uptake of ethidium increased to 29+/-1% of maximal uptake in 10 min. DL-Propranolol (300 microM) inhibited the Bz-ATP-induced uptake of ethidium bromide by 40% without affecting the P2X(7)-gated cation channel. The inhibitory effect of DL-propranolol on the formation of pores by Bz-ATP was reproduced by D-propranolol, an optical isomer with very poor beta-blocking activity...
July 2001: Cellular Signalling
P Wangemann, J Liu, M Shimozono, S Schimanski, M A Scofield
Pharmacologic tools were used to identify receptors in functional studies by measuring either transepithelial current (I(sc)) in strial marginal cells (SMC) or cAMP production in stria vascularis (SV). Further, receptors were identified in SV as transcripts by cloning and sequencing of reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) products. Experiments were performed using tissues isolated from gerbils unless specified otherwise. I(sc) under control conditions was 1090 +/- 21 microA/cm(2) (n = 213) in gerbil SMC and 2001 +/- 95 microA/cm(2) (n = 6) in murine SMC...
June 1, 2000: Journal of Membrane Biology
P Wangemann, J Liu, M Shimozono, M A Scofield
Receptors were identified pharmacologically in functional studies where K+ secretion was monitored as transepithelial current (Isc). Further, receptors were identified as transcripts by cloning and sequencing of reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) products. Isc under control conditions was 796 +/- 15 microA/cm2 (n = 329) in gerbilline VDC and 900 +/- 75 microA/cm2 (n = 6) in murine VDC. Forskolin (10(-5) m) but not 1, 9-dideoxy-forskolin increased Isc by a factor of 1.42 +/- 0.05 (n = 7)...
July 1, 1999: Journal of Membrane Biology
J W Babich, W Graham, A J Fischman
The effects of adrenergic receptor ligands on uptake and storage of the radiopharmaceutical [125I]metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) were studied in the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-SH. For uptake studies, cells were incubated for 15 min with varying concentrations of alpha-agonist (clonidine, methoxamine, and xylazine), alpha-antagonist (phentolamine, tolazoline, phenoxybenzamine, yohimbine, and prazosin), beta-antagonist (propranolol, atenolol), beta-agonist (isoprenaline and salbutamol), mixed alpha/beta antagonist (labetalol), or the neuronal blocking agent guanethidine, prior to the addition of [125I]MIBG (0...
May 1997: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine
A O Zschauer, E B Davis, D R Anderson
To characterize the relaxation of pericytes induced by beta-adrenergic stimulation, changes in the contractile tone of pericytes were quantified as a change in the wrinkling of an elastic silicone surface on which they were cultured. Isoproterenol produced relaxation of pericytes in a dose-dependent manner over a range of 5 nM to 1 microM. Low concentrations of the nonselective beta-blockers propanolol and timolol blocked the relaxation produced by isoproterenol. The specific beta 2-adrenergic component of isoproterenol-induced relaxation was shown by blockage with bromoacetyl alprenolol menthane...
1996: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
L Lind, T Pollare, C Berne, H Lithell
In short-term studies (4 to 6 months) we have reported that antihypertensive treatment with beta-adrenergic blockade and thiazide diuretics induced insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and a deranged lipid profile; the ACE inhibitor captopril increased insulin sensitivity without affecting serum lipids. In the present study, 65 of the original 149 patients with essential hypertension included in the short-term studies were reexamined after treatment for 2 to 3 years. The hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp method showed that the significant decrease in insulin sensitivity (p < 0...
December 1994: American Heart Journal
E L Gibson, A M Barnfield, G Curzon
1-(3-Chlorophenyl)piperazine (mCPP) (0.125-1.0 mg/kg i.p.), previously shown to inhibit social interaction, dose-dependently reduced exploration of the open arms of an elevated plus-maze. These findings suggest anxiogenic properties. The effect of mCPP was more potently inhibited by 1-(1-naphthyl)piperazine than by ketanserin, indicative of its mediation via activation of 5-HT2C rather than 5-HT2A receptors. The 5-HT1B receptor agonist CGS 12066B did not antagonise the anxiety-like response to mCPP, and further reduced exploration at the highest dose tested (10 mg/kg i...
March 1994: Neuropharmacology
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