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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921733/effects-of-individual-and-partner-factors-on-anxiety-and-depression-in-taiwanese-prostate-cancer-patients-a-longitudinal-study
#1
C H Chien, C K Chuang, K L Liu, C T Wu, S T Pang, P K Tsay, Y H Chang, X Y Huang, H E Liu
Studies exploring the mediating and predictive factors of anxiety and depression for prostate cancer patients in Eastern countries are scant. Guided by the transactional model of stress and coping, this study determined the predictors and mediators of anxiety and depression in prostate cancer patients. The participants comprised 115 prostate cancer patients and 91 partners. The patients and partners completed questionnaires regarding physical symptoms, disease appraisals, coping behaviours, anxiety and depression in the period before confirmation of treatment decisions and 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906047/a-systematic-review-to-explore-influences-on-parental-attitudes-towards-antibiotic-prescribing-in-children
#2
REVIEW
Helen Bosley, Catherine Henshall, Jane V Appleton, Debra Jackson
AIM: To understand the factors influencing parental attitudes towards antibiotic prescribing. BACKGROUND: Overuse of antibiotics and inappropriate prescribing has resulted in rapid development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and is significant global threat to patient safety. In Primary Care settings, substantial numbers of antibiotics are prescribed for young children, despite viral nature of illness for which antibiotics are ineffective. Parents, play a vital role in decision making regarding accessing healthcare services and requesting treatment for their children...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858087/the-influences-of-cognitive-appraisal-physical-injury-coping-strategy-and-forgiveness-of-others-on-ptsd-symptoms-in-traffic-accidents-using-hierarchical-linear-modeling
#3
MULTICENTER STUDY
Myoung-Ho Hyun, Sung-Man Bae
The purpose of this study was to identify how physical injury, perceived threat, forgiveness of others, and problem-focused coping influence the change of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. One hundred twenty patients who had experienced a traumatic vehicle accident participated in 1 to 2 months after the accident; 70 of these people involved at 6 months after the accident. We used a hierarchical linear model analysis to verify the impacts of predictors on change of PTSD symptoms as time passed...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843614/an-integrative-appraisal-of-the-hormonal-and-metabolic-changes-induced-by-acute-stress-using-king-penguins-as-a-model
#4
Vincent A Viblanc, Quentin Schull, Tina Cornioley, Antoine Stier, Jean-Jérôme Ménard, René Groscolas, Jean-Patrice Robin
A large number of studies have focused on the reactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the consequences of glucocorticoids (GC) in mediating life-history trade-offs. Although short-term increases in GCs are viewed as adaptive, mobilizing energy substrates allowing animals to deal with impending threats (e.g. stimulating hepatic gluconeogenesis, stimulating lipolysis, mobilizing amino acids), few studies have actually measured the exact time-course of substrate mobilisation in response to acute stress in natural conditions...
August 23, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832607/dread-of-uncertain-pain-an-event-related-potential-study
#5
Yujing Huang, Qian Shang, Shenyi Dai, Qingguo Ma
Humans experience more stress about uncertain situations than certain situations. However, the neural mechanism underlying the uncertainty of a negative stimulus has not been determined. In the present study, event-related potential was recorded to examine neural responses during the dread of unpredictable pain. We used a cueing paradigm in which predictable cues were always followed by electric shocks, unpredictable cues by electric shocks at a 50/50 ratio and safe cues by no electric shock. Visual analogue scales following electric shocks were presented to quantify subjective anxiety levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807472/a-survey-of-domestic-wells-and-pit-latrines-in-rural-settlements-of-mali-implications-of-on-site-sanitation-on-the-quality-of-water-supplies
#6
P Martínez-Santos, M Martín-Loeches, N García-Castro, D Solera, S Díaz-Alcaide, E Montero, J García-Rincón
On-site sanitation is generally advocated as a means to eradicate the health hazards associated with open defecation. While this has provided a welcome upgrade to the livelihoods of millions of people in low-income countries, improved sanitation facilities are increasingly becoming a threat to domestic groundwater-based supplies. Within this context, a survey of pit latrines, domestic wells and improved water sources was carried out in a large rural village of southern Mali. All households were surveyed for water, sanitation and hygiene habits...
October 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793383/individual-and-mutual-predictors-of-marital-satisfaction-among-prostate-cancer-patients-and-their-spouses
#7
Ching-Hui Chien, Cheng-Keng Chuang, Kuan-Lin Liu, Xuan-Yi Huang, See-Tong Pang, Chun-Te Wu, Ying-Hsu Chang, Hsueh-Erh Liu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the individual and mutual predictors of the marital satisfaction of couples in which the husband experienced prostate cancer. BACKGROUND: Marital satisfaction of prostate cancer patients has been insufficiently studied in Asian countries as compared with Western countries. DESIGN: This study used a prospective and repeated-measures design. METHODS: Seventy Taiwanese couples in which the husband had prostate cancer completed measures at 6 and 12 months post-treatment...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791789/acute-calming-effects-of-alcohol-are-associated-with-disruption-of-the-salience-network
#8
Stephanie M Gorka, K Luan Phan, Emma Childs
The mood-altering properties of alcohol are a key motivation for drinking, and people commonly report that they drink alcohol to alleviate stress or to relax. To date, the neural processes associated with the self-reported calming effects of alcohol are not well understood. Existing data imply that alcohol may target and disrupt activity within anterior insula (aINS) and amygdala-based neural networks, which are regions implicated in threat detection and anxious responding. The aims of the current study were (1) to examine the acute effect of alcohol upon functional connectivity within aINS and amygdala circuits and (2) to assess relationships between alcohol effects on functional connectivity and self-reported subjective mood...
August 9, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705471/risk-assessment-and-serotonin-animal-models-and-human-psychopathologies
#9
REVIEW
D Caroline Blanchard, Ksenia Meyza
Risk assessment (RA) is an evolved, generally adaptive, mechanism comprising focused attention and appraisal of potential threat stimuli and situations. Initially characterized in animal models, it provides a number of behavioral and functional parallels to patterns of rumination, gaze biases, and other forms of affective cognition that appear to be disregulated in depression and anxiety. Serotonergic mechanisms are involved in these mood disorders, and an emerging body of evidence suggests that they may modulate the affective cognitive changes common to such psychopathologies...
July 10, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704142/motivations-behind-donations-for-health-related-organizations-threat-appraisal-and-coping-appraisal-the-case-of-the-als-ice-bucket-challenge
#10
Jo-Yun Li, Jing Wen
This study explores the influence of social media involvement and other factors on individuals' donation intentions in the context of the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge. An online survey with 306 participants revealed that social media involvement had a direct effect on intentions to contribute donations and had an indirect effect that was mediated by the response efficacy on intentions after controlling for individuals' issue involvement with the disease.
July 2017: Health Marketing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650199/an-initial-application-of-a-biopsychosocial-framework-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-following-pediatric-injury
#11
Meghan L Marsac, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Douglas L Delahanty, Jeffrey Ciesla, Danielle Weiss, Keith F Widaman, Lamia P Barakat
OBJECTIVE: Each year millions of children suffer from unintentional injuries that result in poor emotional and physical health. This study examined selected biopsychosocial factors (i.e., child heart rate, peritrauma appraisals, early coping, trauma history) to elucidate their roles in promoting emotional recovery following injury. The study evaluated specific hypotheses that threat appraisals (global and trauma-specific) and coping would predict subsequent posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), that coping would mediate the association between early and later PTSS, and that heart rate would predict PTSS and appraisals would mediate this association...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647354/the-future-of-endoscopic-retrograde%C3%A2-cholangiopancreatography
#12
EDITORIAL
Patrick S Yachimski, Andrew Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636768/driving-aggression-and-anxiety-intersections-assessment-and-interventions
#13
Heidi M Zinzow, Stephanie M Jeffirs
OBJECTIVE: Driving aggression and anxiety are significant contributors to risky driving and motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), which are leading causes of U.S. morbidity and mortality. Even though aggression and anxiety can be conceptualized as related features of the fight-or-flight response, literature on these topics has not been integrated. Driving aggression and anxiety are also transdiagnostic constructs that span multiple psychiatric disorders. Assessment and treatment of these complex problems must be understood to reduce the public health burden of MVCs...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636201/an-exploration-of-the-relationship-between-use-of-safety-seeking-behaviours-and-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Sarah Tully, Adrian Wells, Anthony P Morrison
Safety-seeking behaviours are responses employed to protect against perceived threat. In relation to anxiety disorders, safety-seeking behaviours have been implicated in both the formation and maintenance of distress. Several studies have highlighted similar findings in relation to psychosis; however, this literature has not yet been synthesized. This review is, therefore, being conducted in order to synthesize the literature on safety seeking in people with psychosis to increase the understanding of this relationship...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629411/prevalence-and-predictors-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-people-with-coronary-heart-disease-or-at-risk-for-this-in-the-sixth-troms%C3%A3-study-a-comparative-analysis-using-protection-motivation-theory
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Agnete E Kristoffersen, Fuschia M Sirois, Trine Stub, Anne Helen Hansen
BACKGROUND: Engagement in healthy lifestyle behaviors, such as healthy diet and regular physical activity, are known to reduce the risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD). Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is known to be associated with having a healthy lifestyle. The primary aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and predictors of CAM use in CHD patients, and in those without CHD but at risk for developing CHD, using Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) as a guiding conceptual framework...
June 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584840/reported-influences-of-backpack-loads-on-postural-deviation-among-school-children-a-systematic-review
#16
Balamurugan Janakiraman, Hariharasudhan Ravichandran, Senait Demeke, Solomon Fasika
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, a large number of students experience spinal pain quite early in life due to heavy school bag loads. Moreover, external forces in the form of school bags may influence the normal growth, development of children and adolescents, and also maintenance of alignment of their bodies, which can pose a huge threat to postural integrity under external load. Awareness about the appropriate load and placement of backpack is thought to be important in reducing musculoskeletal complications among children's...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544356/older-people-s-experiences-of-falling-and-perceived-risk-of-falls-in-the-community-a-narrative-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#17
REVIEW
Siobhan Gardiner, Margaret Glogowska, Catherine Stoddart, Sarah Pendlebury, Daniel Lasserson, Debra Jackson
AIM: To examine qualitative research exploring older people's experiences of falling and the perceived risk of falling in the community. This will contribute new insights into how falling is perceived by the older community. BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem for older people and healthcare services across the world. Accidental falls in the community are a persistent problem that is generally recognised as an intrinsic risk of ageing. This review provides a new synthesis of evidence that considers older people's perception of falls in the community as new insights are needed if the increasing problems of falls are to be addressed...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536575/inflammatory-long-pentraxin-3-is-associated-with-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-night-shift-workers
#18
Sofia Pavanello, Mariarita Stendardo, Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Melissa Bonci, Barbara Bottazzi, Manuela Campisi, Marco Nardini, Roberto Leone, Alberto Mantovani, Piera Boschetto
Aging is an emerging worldwide threat to public health, even in the workplace, as it links with risk of illness and death. Bewildered inflammatory responses and stressful conditions associate with age-related disorders. Additionally, circadian rhythm disruption, a critical health issue in night-shift workers, correlates with premature aging. We investigated the hypothesis of a link between altered inflammatory response, detected by plasmatic long pentraxin 3 (PTX3), and biological aging, measured by leukocyte telomere length (LTL), attrition, and possibly induced by night-shift work...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461204/challenge-and-threat-imagery-manipulates-heart-rate-and-anxiety-responses-to-stress
#19
Sarah E Williams, Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Gavin P Trotman, Mary L Quinton, Annie T Ginty
This study investigated the influence of different types of mental imagery on heart rate and anxiety responses to a standard psychological stress task. Using a within-design, 25 females (Mage=23.24; SD=4.19) imaged three different scripts (challenge, threat, and neutral) to manipulate appraisal of a speech preparation task. Following each script, participants completed the task. Heart rate was recorded during a resting baseline prior to each imagery script and during each speech preparation task. Cognitive and somatic anxiety and self-confidence were assessed prior to the speech preparation trials, and immediately prior to each speech preparation following imagery...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457483/pathways-towards-the-proliferation-of-avoidance-in-anxiety-and-implications-for-treatment
#20
Inna Arnaudova, Merel Kindt, Michael Fanselow, Tom Beckers
Avoidance is a key symptom of anxiety disorders. Maladaptive avoidance impairs general functioning acutely and maintains chronic anxiety. A better understanding of the mechanisms that elicit and maintain excessive avoidance might provide opportunities to improve treatment. Here, we discuss pathways through which avoidance might get amplified in the context of anxiety disorders: 1) increased threat appraisal; 2) enhanced threat avoidance tendencies; 3) impaired regulation of avoidance; 4) habitual avoidance; and 5) attempts at increasing psychological distance...
April 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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