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P T Bradshaw, K R Reynolds, L E Wagenknecht, C E Ndumele, J Stevens
BACKGROUND: Some obese adults are not afflicted by the metabolic abnormalities often associated with obesity (the 'metabolically healthy obese' (MHO)); however, they may be at increased risk of developing cardiometabolic abnormalities in the future. Little is known about the relative incidence of individual components of metabolic syndrome (MetSyn). METHODS: We used data from a multicenter, community-based cohort aged 45-64 years at recruitment (the Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities study) to examine the first appearance of any MetSyn component, excluding waist circumference...
March 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
H Wang, B P Xu, R B Xu, S O Walker, G Wang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Elevated homocysteine (Hcy) is a known cardiovascular risk factor. However, its role in intergenerational cardiometabolic risk is unknown. We hypothesized that maternal elevated Hcy can act alone or in combination with maternal prepregnancy obesity to increase child systolic blood pressure (SBP). METHODS: This study included 1279 mother-child pairs who were enrolled at birth and followed prospectively up to age 9 years from 2003 to 2014 at the Boston Medical Center...
September 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Deepa H Chand, Denis Geary, Hiren Patel, Larry A Greenbaum, Corina Nailescu, Michael E Brier, Rudolph P Valentini
There has been recent emphasis on increased arteriovenous fistula (AVF) use and decreased central venous catheter use in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The International Pediatric Fistula First Initiative was founded via collaborative effort with the Midwest Pediatric Nephrology Consortium to alert nephrologists, surgeons, and dialysis staff to consider fistulae as the best access in pediatric HD patients. A multidisciplinary educational DVD outlining expectations and strategies to increase AVF placement and usage in children was created...
January 2015: Hemodialysis International
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: This health technology policy assessment will answer the following questions: When should in-room air cleaners be used?How effective are in-room air cleaners?Are in-room air cleaners that use combined HEPA and UVGI air cleaning technology more effective than those that use HEPA filtration alone?What is the Plasmacluster ion air purifier in the pandemic influenza preparation plan?The experience of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) locally, nationally, and internationally underscored the importance of administrative, environmental, and personal protective infection control measures in health care facilities...
2005: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
I Abraham, K MacDonald, M Song, G Ciesielski, C Pacheco, C Lee, M Cholette, K Kinsey, P Speaks, C Hermans, H BriƩ, S Reel, P Van der Niepen, B Yee, S Vancayzeele
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity combined with hypertension places patients at greater risk for target-organ damage and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to identify physician- and patient-levels determinants of blood pressure (BP) values and predictors of uncontrolled BP through subgroup analysis by body mass index (BMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a subgroup analysis of 3006 patients with High-BMI (BMI >25 kg/m(2); n=2124) and Normal-BMI (BMI<25 kg/m(2); n=882) treated by 504 physicians and enrolled in PREVIEW, a Belgian prospective, multi-center, pharmaco-epidemiological study of 90-day second-line treatment with valsartan...
April 2013: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
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