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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166096/building-better-water-models-using-the-shape-of-the-charge-distribution-of-a-water-molecule
#1
Chamila Chathuranga Dharmawardhana, Toshiko Ichiye
The unique properties of liquid water apparently arise from more than just the tetrahedral bond angle between the nuclei of a water molecule since simple three-site models of water are poor at mimicking these properties in computer simulations. Four- and five-site models add partial charges on dummy sites and are better at modeling these properties, which suggests that the shape of charge distribution is important. Since a multipole expansion of the electrostatic potential describes a charge distribution in an orthogonal basis set that is exact in the limit of infinite order, multipoles may be an even better way to model the charge distribution...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164680/effects-of-tadalafil-on-storage-and-voiding-function-in-patients-with-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-suggestive-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-a-urodynamic-based-study
#2
Yoshihisa Matsukawa, Tsuyoshi Majima, Kazuna Matsuo, Yasuhito Funahashi, Masashi Kato, Tokunori Yamamoto, Momokazu Gotoh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of tadalafil on storage and voiding function in treatment-naïve patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia, based on a urodynamic study. METHODS: This was an open-labeled, single-center, prospective study. A total of 80 untreated outpatients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia received tadalafil 5 mg/day for 12 weeks. Subjective symptoms and objective findings on voiding and storage function obtained through urodynamic studies, including cystometry and pressure flow study, were evaluated before and after treatment...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164286/effect-of-a-cognitive-task-and-light-finger-touch-on-standing-balance-in-healthy-adults
#3
Yunju Lee, Nikita Goyal, Alexander S Aruin
The purpose of the study was to investigate the individual and combined effects of applying light finger touch and performing a cognitive task on postural sway. Fourteen healthy young individuals stood on the force platform with light finger touch contact applied to an external stable structure and without finger touch. Both tasks were performed with and without a cognitive task (counting backward from a randomly chosen three-digit number). The center of pressure excursion and velocity as well as sway area were calculated...
November 21, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164088/step-initiation-deficits-in-children-with-faulty-posture-diagnosed-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-during-infancy
#4
Magdalena Stania, Alina Sarat-Spek, Teresa Blacha, Beata Kazek, Kajetan J Słomka, Ewa Emich-Widera, Grzegorz Juras
Background: Early detection of movement deficits during step initiation will facilitate the selection of the optimal physiotherapy management strategy. The main aim of the study was to assess potential differences in step initiation between 5- and 6-year-old children with faulty posture who had been diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders during infancy and healthy children. Methods: The experimental group consisted of 19 children aged 5-6 years with faulty posture, who had been diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders during infancy and were given physiotherapy in the first year of their lives...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162956/risk-assessment-at-11-14-week-antenatal-visit-a-tertiary-referral-center-experience-from-south-india
#5
Anusha Vellamkondu, Akhila Vasudeva, Rajeshwari G Bhat, Asha Kamath, Sapna V Amin, Lavanya Rai, Pratap Kumar
Background: Present study carried out in a tertiary referral hospital in South India attempts to determine the predictive value of integrated screening at 11-14-week antenatal visit. Objectives: To determine the detection rate of fetal abnormalities at 11-14 weeks and also to predict the placental dysfunction disorders based on early integrated evaluation. Method: Integrated screening performed on 440 women between 11 and 14 weeks, including detailed maternal history [medical history, bad obstetric history (BOH)], body mass index (BMI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), detailed ultrasound and maternal serum biochemistry as part of combined first-trimester screening for aneuploidy...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161972/impacts-of-initial-transformation-to-a-patient-centered-medical-home-on-diabetes-outcomes-in-federally-qualified-health-centers-in-florida
#6
Heidi S Kinsell, Allyson G Hall, Jeffrey S Harman, Sweta Tewary, Andrew Brickman
OBJECTIVE: Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) in Florida see large numbers of vulnerable patients with diabetes. Patient-centered medical home (PCMH) models can lead to improvements in health for patients with chronic conditions and cost savings for providers. Therefore, FQHCs are increasingly moving to PCMH models of care. The study objective was to examine the effects of initial transformation to a level 3 National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) certified PCMH in 2011, on clinical diabetes outcomes among 27 clinic sites from a network of FQHCs in Florida...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161921/foam-pad-of-appropriate-thickness-can-improve-diagnostic-value-of-foam-posturography-in-detecting-postural-instability
#7
Bo Liu, Yangming Leng, Renhong Zhou, Jingjing Liu, Dongdong Liu, Jia Liu, Su-Lin Zhang, Wei-Jia Kong
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the effect of foam thickness on postural stability in patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction (UVH) during foam posturography. METHODS: Static and foam posturography were performed in 33 patients (UVH group) and 30 healthy subjects (control group) with eyes open (EO) and closed (EC) on firm surface and on 1-5 foam pad(s). Sway velocity (SV) of center of pressure, standing time before falling (STBF) and falls reaction were recorded and analyzed...
November 21, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158865/-anesthesiological-aspects-and-complications-of-intracranial-meningiomas-operated-at-the-sylvanus-olympio-university-hospital-center-lom%C3%A3-about-21-cases
#8
Pilakimwé Egbohou, Tabana Mouzou, Kadanga Beketi, Essossinam Kpelao, Abdel Kader Moumouni, Hamza Doles Sama, Sarakawabalo Assénouwé, Gnimdou Akala-Yoba, Kadjika Tomta
This study aimed to point to both the anesthesiological aspects and the perioperative complications of intracranial meningiomas operated at the Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital Center, Lomé. We conducted a retrospective study by reviewing the medical records of patients with intracranial meningiomas undergoing surgery over the period December 2010-December 2015 (5 years) at the Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital Center, Lomé. Out of 46 patients operated fo brain tumors, 21 (45.6%) had meningioma. The average age was 49 ±20 years, with a male predominance (52...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158710/the-impact-of-pharmacists-providing-direct-patient-care-as-members-of-interprofessional-teams-on-diabetes-management
#9
Osamah M Alfayez, Majed S Al Yami, Maryam T Fazel
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of pharmacist providing direct patient care as a member of interprofessional team on diabetes management. This study is a retrospective chart review of diabetes patients seen by a pharmacist in an endocrinology clinic affiliated with an academic medical center. The following patient outcomes were recorded pre and post the pharmacist intervention: glycemic control as measured by change in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), change in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), statin use, and use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157518/mechanical-circulatory-support-for-high-risk-pulmonary-embolism
#10
REVIEW
Mahir Elder, Nimrod Blank, Adi Shemesh, Mohit Pahuja, Amir Kaki, Tamam Mohamad, Theodore Schreiber, Jay Giri
Temporary mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices have a role in treating high-risk patients with pulmonary embolism with cardiogenic shock. Mechanical circulatory device selection should be made based on center experience and device-specific features. All current devices are effective in decreasing right arterial pressure and providing circulatory support of 4 to 5 L/min. The pulmonary artery pulsatility index may prove to be an unreliable method to assess right ventricular function. Careful clinical evaluation on an individual patient basis should determine the need for MCS...
January 2018: Interventional cardiology clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157318/effect-of-clinical-variables-on-the-volume-of-blood-collected-for-blood-cultures-in-an-adult-patient-population
#11
R Logan Jones, Harlan R Sayles, Paul D Fey, Mark E Rupp
OBJECTIVE To identify clinical variables that influence blood culture volume recovery DESIGN Retrospective chart review and linear model analysis SETTING A 621-bed Academic Medical Center with a Clinical Laboratory that processes 20,000+ blood cultures annually and dedicated phlebotomy staff for venipuncture PATIENTS Consecutive patients requiring blood culture METHODS Over a 6-day period, blood volume was determined in 568 culture bottles from 128 unique adult patients, and clinical data from the time of phlebotomy were extracted from hospital electronic medical records...
November 21, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156378/effect-of-robotic-assisted-gait-rehabilitation-on-dynamic-equilibrium-control-in-the-gait-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
L Wallard, G Dietrich, Y Kerlirzin, J Bredin
Due to the intensity and repetition of movement, roboticassisted gait training therapy could have a beneficial effect on the recovery and improvement of postural and locomotor functions of the patient. This study sought to highlight the effects of robotic-assisted gait rehabilitation in gait of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). We analyzed the different strategies before and after this rehabilitation which was used in order to generate forward motion while maintaining balance. Data were collected by a motion analysis system (Vicon® - Oxford Metrics, Oxford, UK)...
November 11, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155569/redox-behavior-of-a-dinuclear-ruthenium-ii-complex-bearing-an-uncommon-bridging-ligand-insights-from-high-pressure-electrochemistry
#13
Maximilian Dürr, Johannes Klein, Axel Kahnt, Sabine Becker, Ralph Puchta, Biprajit Sarkar, Ivana Ivanović-Burmazović
A dinuclear ruthenium complex bridged by 2,3,5,6-pyrazinetetracarboxylic acid (μ-LH2(2-)) was synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography, cyclic voltammetry under ambient and elevated pressures, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and UV/vis-NIR (NIR = near-infrared) spectroelectrochemistry, pulse radiolysis, and computational methods. We probed for the first time in the field of mixed-valency the use of high-pressure electrochemical methods. The investigations were directed toward the influence of the protonation state of the bridging ligand on the electronic communication between the ruthenium ions, since such behavior is interesting in terms of modulating redox chemistry by pH...
November 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155270/efficient-hemorrhage-control-skills-training-for-healthcare-employees
#14
Richard A Sidwell, Sarah K Spilman, Richard S Huntsman, Carlos A Pelaez
BACKGROUND: Several national initiatives are aimed at training citizens to assist bleeding victims. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an effort to quickly and efficiently teach basic bleeding control techniques to a clinical and nonclinical workforce. STUDY DESIGN: The research study was conducted at four hospitals in a mid-sized metropolitan area. In spring 2017, the trauma department at a Level 1 trauma center set an ambitious goal to provide hands-on training to 1000 employees over the course of 6 weeks...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154749/complications-and-monitoring-of-percutaneous-renal-biopsy-a-retrospective-study%C3%A2
#15
Yvette Feldmann, Klaas Böer, Gunter Wolf, Martin Busch
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Percutaneous renal biopsy is a necessary tool to diagnose renal diseases but complications may still occur. The aims of this study were to detect the rate of complications, possible risk factors and to identify the necessity of routine post-biopsy controls at 4 - 6, and 24 hours. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included 500 consecutive biopsies of native and allograft kidneys performed at the Jena University Hospital...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154407/exercise-dynamic-stability-under-unstable-conditions-increases-muscle-strength-and-balance-ability-in-the-elderly
#16
Azza Hamed, Sebastian Bohm, Falk Mersmann, Adamantios Arampatzis
The purpose of the current study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific exercise intervention of mechanisms to control dynamic postural stability under unstable conditions in old adults. Forty-seven old adults (65-80 years) were assigned to two experimental groups (muscle strength group, n=15, perturbation-based group, n=16) and a control group (n=16). The strength group performed resistance exercises for legs and trunk muscles, while the perturbation-based group exercised mechanisms of dynamic stability under unstable conditions...
November 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154264/the-effect-of-a-single-massage-based-on-the-tensegrity-principle-on-postural-stability-in-young-women
#17
Błażej Cieślik, Ireneusz Podsiadły, Michał Kuczyński, Bożena Ostrowska
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of normalized muscle tension via tensegrity-based massage on postural stability in a sample of female young adults. METHODS: Nineteen females aged 21.8 ± 1.9 years were recruited presenting abnormal tension at muscles adhering to any of the following structural sites: superior iliac spine, lateral sacropelvic surface, linea aspera at 1/2 of femur length, and superior nuchal line of the occiput. Balance and postural control were assessed during bipedal stance using a force platform in multiple conditions: hard surface or soft foam surface with the head in either a neutral posture or tilted backward...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153853/community-pharmacist-collaboration-with-a-patient-centered-medical-home-establishment-of-a-patient-centered-medical-neighborhood-and-payment-model
#18
Heidi R Luder, Pam Shannon, James Kirby, Stacey M Frede
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of a partnership between a community pharmacy and a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) by measuring the impact on office- and patient-level clinical outcomes. SETTING: Kroger Pharmacy and a PCMH practice in Cincinnati, OH. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The Kroger Co. is a large grocery store chain that operates 102 pharmacies in the Cincinnati-Dayton marketing area. The PCMH practice is an accredited PCMH office serving more than 9000 patients in the Cincinnati area...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152530/neurofeedback-induced-facilitation-of-the-supplementary-motor-area-affects-postural-stability
#19
Hiroaki Fujimoto, Masahito Mihara, Noriaki Hattori, Megumi Hatakenaka, Hajime Yagura, Teiji Kawano, Ichiro Miyai, Hideki Mochizuki
Near-infrared spectroscopy-mediated neurofeedback (NIRS-NFB) is a promising therapeutic intervention for patients with neurological diseases. Studies have shown that NIRS-NFB can facilitate task-related cortical activation and induce task-specific behavioral changes. These findings indicate that the effect of neuromodulation depends on local cortical function. However, when the target cortical region has multiple functions, our understanding of the effects is less clear. This is true in the supplementary motor area (SMA), which is involved both in postural control and upper-limb movement...
October 2017: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151364/a-clinical-prediction-model-to-identify-patients-at-high-risk-of-hemodynamic-instability-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#20
Cristhian Potes, Bryan Conroy, Minnan Xu-Wilson, Christopher Newth, David Inwald, Joseph Frassica
BACKGROUND: Early recognition and timely intervention are critical steps for the successful management of shock. The objective of this study was to develop a model to predict requirement for hemodynamic intervention in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU); thus, clinicians can direct their care to patients likely to benefit from interventions to prevent further deterioration. METHODS: The model proposed in this study was trained on a retrospective cohort of all patients admitted to a tertiary PICU at a single center in the United States, and validated on another retrospective cohort of all patients admitted to the PICU at a single center in the United Kingdom...
November 20, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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