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Małgorzata Mulak, Wojciech A Czak, Małgorzata Mimier, Radosław Kaczmarek
BACKGROUND: Despite the development of various methods of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement, Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) is still the most popular. The measurement using GAT depends on the biomechanical properties of the cornea, such as the thickness, the radius of curvature, as well as the amount of the fluorescein used. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare IOP values measured by GAT with those measured by applanation resonance tonometry (ART)...
March 19, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Jost B Jonas, Wen Bin Wei, Li Ping Zhu, Liang Xu, Ya Xing Wang
To examine associations between cognitive function and ophthalmological parameters, the population-based Beijing Eye Study examined ophthalmologically and physically 3127 individuals (mean age: 64.2 ± 9.8 years). Using the mini-mental state examination, cognitive function was assessed as cognitive function score (CFS). Mean CFS was 26.3 ± 3.7 (median: 27; range: 2-30). Prevalence of mild (CFS: 23-19), moderate (CFS: 18-10) and severe cognitive dysfunction was 9.6% (95% confidence interval (CI): 8...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Katherine Shirley, Marie O'Neill, Rachel Gamble, Anne Ramsey, Eibhlin McLoone
PURPOSE: Torpedo maculopathy is a rare lesion of the retinal pigment epithelium. This study set out to look at these lesions in the paediatric population and determine the spectrum and features of the disease. METHODS: The paediatric ophthalmology database was used to identify eight children with torpedo maculopathy between 2012 and 2017. Fundal images and optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to analyse the cases. RESULTS: Eight patients with torpedo maculopathy were identified, making the prevalence approximately 2 per 100,000 population under 16 years old...
March 20, 2018: Eye
Mohamad Abbass, Michael K Tso, Ezekiel Weis, Alim P Mitha
BACKGROUND: Orbital lymphaticovenous malformations (LVM) are congenital vascular lesions that are typically infiltrative in nature. There have been reports of orbital LVMs extending intracranially through orbital fissures, but there have been no reports of intradural extension. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the first case of orbital LVM extending intradurally through a bony defect in the medial orbital roof. A modified orbitozygomatic approach was used to successfully obliterate this lesion...
March 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Daphna Mezad-Koursh, Amir Rosenblatt, Hadas Newman, Chaim Stolovitch
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of the BinoVision home system as measured by improvement of visual acuity in the patient's amblyopic eye. METHODS: An open-label prospective pilot-trial of the system was conducted with amblyopic children aged 4-8 years at the pediatric ophthalmology unit, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, January 2014 to October 2015. Participants were assigned to the study or sham group for treatment with BinoVision for 8 or 12 weeks. Patients were instructed to watch animated television shows and videos at home using the BinoVision device for 60 minutes, 6 days a week...
March 16, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Sven J van der Lee, Frank J Wolters, M Kamran Ikram, Albert Hofman, M Arfan Ikram, Najaf Amin, Cornelia M van Duijn
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease is one of the most heritable diseases in elderly people and the most common type of dementia. In addition to the major genetic determinant of Alzheimer's disease, the APOE gene, 23 genetic variants have been associated with the disease. We assessed the effects of these variants and APOE on cumulative risk and age at onset of Alzheimer's disease and all-cause dementia. METHODS: We studied incident dementia in cognitively healthy participants (aged >45 years) from the community-based Rotterdam Study, an ongoing prospective cohort study based in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, focusing on neurological, cardiovascular, endocrine, and ophthalmological disorders, and other diseases in elderly people...
March 16, 2018: Lancet Neurology
Olivia Xerri, Sawsen Salah, Dominique Monnet, Antoine P Brézin
BACKGROUND: Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy (APMPPE) is a rare inflammatory eye disease that affects the Retinal Pigment Epithelium and outer retina. The purpose of this study was to describe its presentations, as well as its prognosis in a series of untreated patients. METHODS: Records of patients seen in the department of Ophthalmology at Cochin University Hospital, Paris, between April 2002 and June 2015 were retrospectively studied...
March 20, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Laura Puhakka, Maija Lappalainen, Tuula Lönnqvist, Riina Niemensivu, Päivi Lindahl, Tea Nieminen, Raija Seuri, Irmeli Nupponen, Sunil Pati, Suresh Boppana, Harri Saxen
Background: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is the most common congenital infection and causes significant morbidity. This study was undertaken to evaluate the benefits of screening newborns for cCMV and to understand the cCMV disease burden in Finland. Methods: Infants born in Helsinki area hospitals were screened for CMV by testing their saliva with a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay. The CMV-positive infants and matched controls were monitored to determine their neurodevelopmental, audiological, and ophthalmological outcomes at 18 months of age...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Ji Sun Baek, Kun Hae Kim, Jung Hye Lee, Hye Sun Choi
PURPOSE: To assess the ophthalmologic complications after oculofacial plastic and esthetic surgeries, including their incidence and management. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 110 patients who presented with ocular complications followed by oculofacial plastic and esthetic surgeries from January 2014 to December 2015. The incidence and management of complications after each surgery or procedure were analyzed. RESULTS: For lower eyelid blepharoplasty, the common complications were chemosis and lower eyelid ectropion...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Gary D Novack
Because of the epidemic of myopia with both its short-term and long-term effects, we desperately need ways to slow myopic progression. In this study which was part of a myopia prevention symposium, the author answers the following question: Assuming that researchers did come up with a pharmacological treatment to slow myopic progression-what would it take to obtain regulatory approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)? Previous publicly available information (a 2003 FDA advisory committee on this topic, International Conference on Harmonisation guidances on drug development, and published articles) as well as the author's experience is used...
March 16, 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
Tulay Kansu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Selvakumar Ambika, Krishnakumar Padmalakshmi, Viswanathan Venkatraman, Olma V Noronha
BACKGROUND: Optic neuritis in children is an uncommon disorder which usually occurs after a viral illness or vaccination and, less frequently, occurs as a manifestation of a demyelinating disorder. Pediatric optic neuritis usually is bilateral and presents with optic disc edema, recovers rapidly with steroid therapy, and generally has low conversion rate to multiple sclerosis or neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. We report the clinical features and treatment outcomes of pediatric optic neuritis in Indian population, for which little data are available...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Marc D de Smet, Gerrit J L Naus, Koorosh Faridpooya, Marco Mura
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Provide an overview of the current landscape of robotics in ophthalmology, including the pros and cons of system designs, the clinical development path, and the likely future direction of the field. RECENT FINDINGS: Robots designed for eye surgery should meet certain basic requirements. Three designs are currently being developed: smart surgical tools such as the steady hand, comanipulation devices and telemanipulators using either a fixed or virtual remote center of motion...
March 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Konstantinos Laios, Marilita M Moschos
Antonio Scarpa (1752-1832) is known in the history of medicine as a distinguished anatomist and surgeon. Apart from his anatomical studies that established him and especially in clinical anatomy, he focused also his interest on ophthalmology, therefore he was considered as the "father of ophthalmology in Italy". His study on ocular cancer is of particular interest, because he not only reviewed older approaches on this issue enriching them with his own clinical observations but his study served as a bridge connecting the previous tradition to the scientific study of ocular cancer which began at the second third of 19th century...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Hyung-Jin Kim, Minji Kim, Min Gyu Hyeon, Youngwoon Choi, Beop-Min Kim
We propose a new method of determining the optical axis (OA), pupillary axis (PA), and visual axis (VA) of the human eye by using dual-depth whole-eye optical coherence tomography (OCT). These axes, as well as the angles "α" between the OA and VA and "κ" between PA and VA, are important in many ophthalmologic applications, especially in refractive surgery. Whole-eye images are reconstructed based on simultaneously acquired images of the anterior segment and retina. The light from a light source is split into two orthogonal polarization components for imaging the anterior segment and retina, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Ozlem Eski Yucel, Hakki Birinci, Yuksel Sullu
PURPOSE: To assess and compare the efficacy over 6 months of intravitreal ranibizumab (IR), aflibercept (IA) and dexamethasone implant (IDI) in eyes with macular edema (ME) secondary to non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). METHODS: This is a retrospective single-center study. Patients who received pro re nata treatment of IR 0.5 mg, IA 2 mg or IDI 0.7 mg (as Group 1, Group 2, and Group 3, respectively) for the treatment of ME due to non-ischemic CRVO were included in the study...
March 17, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Efrat Fleissig, Mor Pavlovksy, Anat Loewenstein, Dinah Zur, Hadas Newman, Shay Keren, Dafna Goldenberg, Efrat Bar-Ilan, Michaella Goldstein
PURPOSE: To investigate ocular manifestations in patients with vitiligo by multimodal imaging, including optical coherence tomography (OCT), color fundus photography, and fundus autofluorescence (FAF). METHODS: In this prospective, observational clinical study, vitiligo patients underwent ophthalmologic and dermatologic clinical assessment and imaging by spectral-domain OCT, FAF, and color fundus imaging. Ocular echography was performed as indicated. Statistical analysis was performed using paired T test and Pearson correlation...
March 16, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Johannes Stein, Stefan Latz, Jörg Ellinger, Guido Fechner, Maher Safi, Philipp Krausewitz, Simone Müller, Karin Weyer, Stefan C Müller
BACKGROUND: Renal fungal bezoars are remarkably rare and mostly occur in immunodeficient patients. Only a small number of cases with immunocompetent patients have been published so far. The published treatment approaches comprised systemic antimycotic therapy and surgical or minimal invasive removal of the fungal balls. In some cases irrigation of the renal duct system with amphotericin B was performed. By obstruction of the urinary tract bezoars can lead to infected hydronephrosis and severe urosepsis with high lethality...
March 16, 2018: BMC Urology
Jeroen G V Habets, Roel H L Haeren, Suen A N Lie, Noel J C Bauer, Jim T A Dings
BACKGROUND: We present a case of orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) leading to monocular irreversible blindness following a pterional craniotomy for clipping of an anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysm. OCS is an uncommon but vision-threatening entity requiring urgent decompression to reduce the risk of permanent visual loss. Iatrogenic orbital roof defects are a common finding following pterional craniotomies. However, complications related to these defects are rarely reported...
March 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Kyoung Min Lee, Ho-Kyung Choung, Martha Kim, Sohee Oh, Seok Hwan Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the positional change of central retinal vasculature and vascular trunk to deduce the change in the lamina cribrosa (LC) during axial elongation. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three healthy myopic children (46 eyes). METHODS: Participants had undergone a full ophthalmologic examination and axial length measurement every 6 months for 2 years. Using spectral-domain OCT, circle scans centered around the optic disc in the glaucoma progression analysis mode, which enabled capturing of the same positions throughout the entire study period, and enhanced depth imaging of the deep optic nerve head complex were performed...
March 12, 2018: Ophthalmology
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