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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933671/causal-inference-in-obesity-research
#1
REVIEW
P W Franks, N Atabaki-Pasdar
Obesity is a risk factor for a plethora of severe morbidities and premature death. Most supporting evidence comes from observational studies that are prone to chance, bias and confounding. Even data on the protective effects of weight loss from randomized controlled trials will be susceptible to confounding and bias if treatment assignment cannot be masked, which is usually the case with lifestyle and surgical interventions. Thus, whilst obesity is widely considered the major modifiable risk factor for many chronic diseases, its causes and consequences are often difficult to determine...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892720/association-between-chronic-pancreatitis-and-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-nationwide-population-study
#2
Chih-Wei Tseng, Yu-Tso Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Ji-An Liang
BACKGROUND: The relationship between chronic pancreatitis (CP) and subsequent pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is not well understood. METHODS: We investigated the risk of PLA in patients with CP using inpatient claims data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program for the period 2000-2010, we identified 17,810 patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP group) and 71,240 patients without CP (non-CP group). Both cohorts were followed until a diagnosis of PLA, until they were censored from the study because of loss to follow-up, death, or termination of insurance, or until the study cut-off date of December 31, 2011...
November 28, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876214/beneficial-effects-of-plantago-albicans-on-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-in-rats
#3
Noura Samout, Amani Ettaya, Hafsia Bouzenna, Sana Ncib, Abdelfattah Elfeki, Najla Hfaiedh
Obesity is a one of the main global public health problems associated with chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease, diabetes and cancer. As a solution to obesity, we suggest Plantago albicans, which is a medicinal plant with several biological effects. This study assesses the possible anti-obesity protective properties of Plantago albicans in high fat diet-fed rats. 28 male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups; a group which received normal diet (C), the second group was fed HDF diet (HDF), the third group was given normal diet supplemented with Plantago albicans (P...
November 18, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856785/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-phenotypes-using-cluster-analysis-of-electronic-medical-records
#4
Rodrigo Vazquez Guillamet, Oleg Ursu, Gary Iwamoto, Pope L Moseley, Tudor Oprea
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a heterogeneous disease. In this retrospective study, we hypothesize that it is possible to identify clinically relevant phenotypes by applying clustering methods to electronic medical records. We included all the patients >40 years with a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease admitted to the University of New Mexico Hospital between 1 January 2011 and 1 May 2014. We collected admissions, demographics, comorbidities, severity markers and treatments...
November 17, 2016: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829173/multiple-pathways-of-sirt6-at-the-crossroads-in-the-control-of-longevity-cancer-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Milena Vitiello, Alberto Zullo, Luigi Servillo, Francesco Paolo Mancini, Adriana Borriello, Alfonso Giovane, Fulvio Della Ragione, Nunzia D'Onofrio, Maria Luisa Balestrieri
Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) is a member of the sirtuin family NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases with multiple roles in controlling organism homeostasis, lifespan, and diseases. Due to its complex and opposite functional roles, this sirtuin is considered a two-edged sword in health and disease. Indeed, SIRT6 improves longevity, similarly to the founding yeast member, silent information regulator-2 (Sir2), and modulates genome stability, telomere integrity, transcription, and DNA repair. Its deficiency is associated with chronic inflammation, diabetes, cardiac hypertrophy, obesity, liver dysfunction, muscle/adipocyte disorders, and cancer...
November 6, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823982/angptl8-reverses-established-adriamycin-cardiomyopathy-by-stimulating-adult-cardiac-progenitor-cells
#6
Shuyuan Chen, Jiaxi Chen, Xing-Li Meng, Jin-Song Shen, Jing Huang, Pintong Huang, Zhaoxia Pu, Nathan H McNeill, Paul A Grayburn
Established adriamycin cardiomyopathy is a lethal disease. When congestive heart failure develops, mortality is approximately 50% in a year. It has been known that ANGPTLs has various functions in lipid metabolism, inflammation, cancer cell invasion, hematopoietic stem activity and diabetes. We hypothesized that ANGPTL8 is capable of maintaining heart function by stimulating adult cardiac progenitor cells to initiate myocardial regeneration. We employed UTMD to deliver piggybac transposon plasmids with the human ANGPTL8 gene to the liver of rats with adriamycin cardiomyopathy...
November 3, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804908/psychological-prognosis-after-newly-diagnosed-chronic-conditions-socio-demographic-and-clinical-correlates
#7
Ching-Ju Chiu, Yu-Ching Hsu, Shuo-Ping Tseng
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed toward discerning depressive symptom trajectories associated with different chronic conditions and toward finding modifiable factors associated with those trajectories. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 1996-2007 Taiwan Longitudinal Study on Aging. Nine chronic conditions were selected, and mood trajectories were measured with the Center of Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale. RESULTS: Among the nine chronic conditions we examined, four patterns of depressive symptom trajectories were identified: (1) elevated depressive symptoms and worsened over time after diagnosed with heart disease (n = 681), arthritis (n = 850), or hypertension (n = 1,207); (2) elevated depressive symptoms without worsening over time after diagnosed with stroke (n = 160), lung diseases (n = 432), gastric conditions (n = 691), or liver diseases (n = 234); (3) no elevated depressive symptoms after diagnosis but an increase in depressive symptoms over time for participants with diabetes (n = 499); and (4) no significant patterns after diagnosed with cancer (n = 57)...
November 2, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785940/therapeutic-effects-of-blue-honeysuckle-on-lesions-of-hyperthyroidism-in-rats
#8
Sang-In Park, Young Joon Lee, Seong Hun Choi, Soo Jin Park, Chang-Hyun Song, Sae-Kwang Ku
Hyperthyroidism is a hypermetabolic syndrome characterized by an overproduction of thyroid hormones, which enhances the hormone-induced oxidative stress responsible for some complications in the liver, heart and muscle. Blue honeysuckle (BH) is an edible berry, rich in polyphenols, especially flavonoids or anthocyanins, known as strong antioxidants. The chemo-protective activities of the berry have been connected to the improvement of symptoms in cancer, diabetes mellitus, tumor or cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, the therapeutic effects of BH were examined in hyperthyroidism rat model...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698722/analysis-of-the-first-therapeutic-target-achieving-time-of-warfarin-therapy-and-associated-factors-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism
#9
Xiaowei Gong, Haiyan Wang, Yadong Yuan
The present study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the first therapeutic-target-achieving (TTA) time of warfarin therapy in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PTE). Between January 2008 and June 2013, patients with PTE confirmed by transpulmonary arterial enhanced computed tomographic pulmonary angiography or pulmonary ventilation perfusion scanning were included in the present study. Data collected included demographic information, history of tobacco and alcohol intake, basic diseases (stable and unstable hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, cancer/cerebral infarction, old myocardial infarction and atrial fibrillation), liver and kidney function, the haemoglobin and platelet count of the blood, international normalized ratio monitoring, warfarin dosage adjustment and medication combinations...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579036/clinical-risk-factors-for-gastroduodenal-ulcer-in-romanian-low-dose-aspirin-consumers
#10
Anca Negovan, Mihaela Iancu, Valeriu Moldovan, Septimiu Voidazan, Simona Bataga, Monica Pantea, Kinga Sarkany, Cristina Tatar, Simona Mocan, Claudia Banescu
Background. Aspirin use for cardiovascular or cancer prevention is limited due to its gastrointestinal side effects. Objective. Our prospective, observational case-control study aims to identify the predictive factors for ulcers in low-dose aspirin consumers (75-325 mg/day). Methods. The study included patients who underwent an upper digestive endoscopy and took low-dose aspirin treatment. Results. We recruited 51 patients with ulcer (ulcer group) and 108 patients with no mucosal lesions (control group). In univariate analysis, factors significantly associated with ulcers were male gender (p = 0...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550974/added-sugars-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-children-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#11
Miriam B Vos, Jill L Kaar, Jean A Welsh, Linda V Van Horn, Daniel I Feig, Cheryl A M Anderson, Mahesh J Patel, Jessica Cruz Munos, Nancy F Krebs, Stavra A Xanthakos, Rachel K Johnson
BACKGROUND: Poor lifestyle behaviors are leading causes of preventable diseases globally. Added sugars contribute to a diet that is energy dense but nutrient poor and increase risk of developing obesity, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, obesity-related cancers, and dental caries. METHODS AND RESULTS: For this American Heart Association scientific statement, the writing group reviewed and graded the current scientific evidence for studies examining the cardiovascular health effects of added sugars on children...
August 22, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478326/forecasting-cause-specific-mortality-in-korea-up-to-year-2032
#12
Jae-Won Yun, Mia Son
Forecasting cause-specific mortality can help estimate the future burden of diseases and provide a clue for preventing diseases. Our objective was to forecast the mortality for causes of death in the future (2013-2032) based on the past trends (1983-2012) in Korea. The death data consisted of 12 major causes of death from 1983 to 2012 and the population data consisted of the observed and estimated populations (1983-2032) in Korea. The modified age-period-cohort model with an R-based program, nordpred software, was used to forecast future mortality...
August 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375769/antioxidant-and-physiological-effects-of-si-wu-tang-on-skin-and-liver-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Hui-Fang Chiu, Ying-Hua Wu, You-Cheng Shen, Shing-Jung Wang, Kamesh Venkatakrishnan, Chin-Kun Wang
BACKGROUND: Si-Wu-Tang (SWT) is used to treat various gynecological disorders in Chinese medicine. This study investigated the antioxidant and physiological effects of SWT on the skin and liver in healthy adults. METHODS: This randomized, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted at Chung Shan Medical University Hospital in December 2008. Participants with uncontrolled diabetes, heart disease, liver disease, kidney disease, cancer, and pregnancy were excluded...
2016: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364834/receipt-of-cancer-screening-is-a-predictor-of-life-expectancy
#14
James S Goodwin, Kristin Sheffield, Shuang Li, Alai Tan
BACKGROUND: Obtaining cancer screening on patients with limited life expectancy has been proposed as a measure for low quality care for primary care physicians (PCPs). However, administrative data may underestimate life expectancy in patients who undergo screening. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between receipt of screening mammography or PSA and overall survival. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study from 1/1/1999 to 12/31/2012. Receipt of screening was assessed for 2001-2002 and survival from 1/1/2003 to 12/31/2012...
November 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334006/transnational-mortality-comparisons-between-archipelago-and-mainland-puerto-ricans
#15
Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Idania Rodríguez-Ayuso, Hirut T Gebrekristos, Amira Roess, Cynthia M Pérez, Lone Simonsen
Puerto Ricans in the US experience higher deaths from diabetes and other causes compared to non-Hispanic Whites and other Hispanic groups. We compared mortality in Puerto Rico to that of Puerto Ricans in the US as a first step to investigate if similar or worse mortality patterns originate from the sending country (Puerto Rico). Age-adjusted death rates were generated using national vital statistics databases in the US and territories for all-cause and the top ten causes of death among Hispanics in 2009. Mortality ratios in the archipelago of Puerto Rico (APR) were compared to mainland US Puerto Ricans (MPR)...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27325266/methods-for-studying-autophagy-within-the-tumor-microenvironment
#16
Sengottuvelan Murugan, Ravi K Amaravadi
Defective autophagy has been linked with many pathologies, including cancer, diabetes, infectious disease, myopathies, heart, liver, lung, and neurodegenerative disease. Autophagy has therefore become an important target in drug discovery. Recent advances have identified new ways to monitor autophagy in vitro and in vivo. Many assays rely on visualizing autophagy-related intracellular markers such as microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3) II, which have posed issues with in vivo and clinical translation of the in vitro assays...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281538/efficient-targeting-of-adipose-tissue-macrophages-in-obesity-with-polysaccharide-nanocarriers
#17
Liang Ma, Tzu-Wen Liu, Matthew A Wallig, Iwona T Dobrucki, Lawrence W Dobrucki, Erik R Nelson, Kelly S Swanson, Andrew M Smith
Obesity leads to an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and cancer. The causal link between obesity and these pathologies has recently been identified as chronic low-grade systemic inflammation initiated by pro-inflammatory macrophages in visceral adipose tissue. Current medications based on small-molecule drugs yield significant off-target side effects with long-term use, and therefore there is a major need for targeted therapies. Here we report that nanoscale polysaccharides based on biocompatible glucose polymers can efficiently target adipose macrophages in obese mice...
July 26, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238162/-health-status-of-populations-living-in-french-overseas-territories-in-2012-compared-with-metropolitan-france-an-analysis-of-the-national-health-insurance-database
#18
A Filipovic-Pierucci, A Rigault, A Fagot-Campagna, P Tuppin
BACKGROUND: This study uses healthcare consumption to compare the health status of beneficiaries of the French national health insurance general scheme between individuals living in French overseas territories (FOT) and those living in metropolitan France. METHODS: Data were extracted from the French national health insurance database (Sniiram) for 2012, using algorithms, 56 groups of diseases and 27 groups of hospital activity were isolated. Standardized morbidity ratio for age and sex (SMR) were used to compare FOT to mainland France...
June 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27210018/obviating-much-of-the-need-for-insulin-therapy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-re-assessment-of-insulin-therapy-s-safety-profile
#19
Stanley S Schwartz, Paul S Jellinger, Mary E Herman
Current processes of care for diabetes mellitus (DM) were shaped during the era when insulin therapy was considered inexorable to the management of advanced stage type 2 (T2DM), though this no longer appears to be categorically true. There are also dashed hopes that insulin therapy can prevent or stall diabetes. While exogenous insulin remains a life-sparing tool for fully insulin-dependent DM, insulin therapy-induced hyperinsulinemia now appears to contribute to serious safety issues beyond hypoglycemia and weight gain...
August 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185602/associated-factors-in-streptococcus-bovis-bacteremia-and-colorectal-cancer
#20
Cheng-En Tsai, Cheng-Tang Chiu, Christopher K Rayner, Keng-Liang Wu, Yi-Chun Chiu, Ming-Luen Hu, Seng-Kee Chuah, Wei-Chen Tai, Chih-Ming Liang, Hsin-Ming Wang
Reports suggest that between 25% and 80% of patients with Streptococcus bovis/gallolyticus bacteremia have concomitant colorectal tumors. This retrospective study was aimed to identify associations between clinical characteristics and a finding of colorectal neoplasm in patients with S. bovis bacteremia who had colonoscopy examination. We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with S. bovis bacteremia from Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, between January 2004 and January 2014...
April 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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