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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374890/-deaths-attributable-to-alcohol-use-and-its-impact-on-life-expectancy-in-china-2013
#1
Y Y Jiang, S W Liu, N Ji, X Y Zeng, Y N Liu, M Zhang, L M Wang, Y C Li, M G Zhou
Objective: To analyze the deaths attributable to alcohol use and its impact on people's life expectancy in China in 2013. Methods: The mortality data from the Disease Surveillance Points System and alcohol use data from China Chronic Disease Surveillance (2013) were used. The deaths attributed to alcohol use and its impact on the life expectancy of Chinese residents were estimated based on the principle of comparative risk assessment by calculating population attributable fraction. Results: In 2013, alcohol use resulted in 381 200 deaths, including 97 100 hemorrhagic stroke deaths, 88 200 liver cancer deaths, 61 400 liver cirrhosis deaths and 48 700 esophageal cancer deaths, and prevented 76 500 deaths, including 68 500, 4 900 and 3 100 deaths which might be caused by ischemic heart disease, hemorrhagic stroke and diabetes respectively...
January 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350512/electronic-health-record-problem-lists-accurate-enough-for-risk-adjustment
#2
Timothy J Daskivich, Garen Abedi, Sherrie H Kaplan, Douglas Skarecky, Thomas Ahlering, Brennan Spiegel, Mark S Litwin, Sheldon Greenfield
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether comorbidity information derived from electronic health record (EHR) problem lists is accurate. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of 1596 men diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1998 and 2004 at 2 Southern California Veterans Affairs Medical Centers with long-term follow-up. METHODS: We compared EHR problem list-based comorbidity assessment with manual review of EHR free-text notes in terms of sensitivity and specificity for identification of major comorbidities and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) scores...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258991/the-genetic-architecture-of-the-cardiovascular-risk-proteome
#3
Mark D Benson, Qiong Yang, Debby Ngo, Yineng Zhu, Dongxiao Shen, Laurie A Farrell, Sumita Sinha, Michelle J Keyes, Ramachandran S Vasan, Martin G Larson, J Gustav Smith, Thomas J Wang, Robert E Gerszten
Background -We recently identified 156 proteins in human plasma that were each associated with the net Framingham Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Risk Score (FRS) using an aptamer-based proteomic platform in Framingham Heart Study (FHS) Offspring participants. Here, we hypothesized that performing genome-wide association studies and exome array analyses on the levels of each these 156 proteins might identify genetic determinants of risk-associated circulating factors and provide insights into early cardiovascular pathophysiology...
December 19, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202645/influence-of-specific-comorbidities-on-survival-after-early-stage-breast-cancer
#4
Marianne Ewertz, Lotte Holm Land, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Deirdre Cronin-Fenton, Maj-Britt Jensen
BACKGROUND: While comorbidity indices are useful for describing trends in survival, information on specific comorbidities is needed for the clinician advising the individual breast cancer patient on her treatment. Here we present an analysis of overall survival, breast cancer-specific mortality, and effect of medical adjuvant treatment among breast cancer patients suffering from 12 major comorbidities compared with breast cancer patients without comorbidities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population was identified from the Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group and included 59,673 women without prior cancer diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer in Denmark from 1990 to 2008 with an estimated median potential follow-up of 14 years and 10 months...
January 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154802/microrna-profiling-in-mda-mb-231-human-breast-cancer-cell-exposed-to-the-phaleria-macrocarpa-boerl-fruit-ethyl-acetate-fraction-pmeaf-through-iilumina-hi-seq-technologies-and-various-in-silico-bioinformatics-tools
#5
Nowroji Kavitha, Soundararajan Vijayarathna, Shanmugapriya, Chern Ein Oon, Yeng Chen, Jagat R Kanwar, Vasu Punj, Sreenivasan Sasidharan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff) Boerl, is a famous traditional medicinal plant which exhibited cytotoxicity against various cancerous cells. Traditionally, P. macrocarpa has been used to control cancer, impotency, hemorrhoids, diabetes mellitus, allergies, liver and heart disease, kidney disorders, blood diseases, acne, stroke, migraine, and various skin diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: Recent studies have demonstrated a potent anticancer potential of P...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144438/bioactive-components-in-moringa-oleifera-leaves-protect-against-chronic-disease
#6
REVIEW
Marcela Vergara-Jimenez, Manal Mused Almatrafi, Maria Luz Fernandez
Moringa Oleifera (MO), a plant from the family Moringacea is a major crop in Asia and Africa. MO has been studied for its health properties, attributed to the numerous bioactive components, including vitamins, phenolic acids, flavonoids, isothiocyanates, tannins and saponins, which are present in significant amounts in various components of the plant. Moringa Oleifera leaves are the most widely studied and they have shown to be beneficial in several chronic conditions, including hypercholesterolemia, high blood pressure, diabetes, insulin resistance, non-alcoholic liver disease, cancer and overall inflammation...
November 16, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987552/is-infection-an-independent-risk-factor-for-venous-thromboembolism-a-population-based-case-control-study
#7
Kevin P Cohoon, Aneel A Ashrani, Daniel J Crusan, Tanya M Petterson, Kent R Bailey, John A Heit
BACKGROUND: The independent association of recent infection with venous thromboembolism is uncertain. The purpose of the study was to test both overall infection (site unspecified) and specific infection sites as potential risk factors for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism adjusting for other known venous thromboembolism factors. METHODS: Using Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) resources, we identified all Olmsted County, MN residents with objectively-diagnosed incident deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism over the 13-year period, 1988-2000 (cases; n=1303), and 1-2 residents without venous thromboembolism matched to each case on age, sex and incident venous thromboembolism date (controls; n=1494)...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934668/diabetes-mellitus-increased-all-cause-mortality-rate-among-newly-diagnosed-tuberculosis-patients-in-an-asian-population-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#8
Po-Yen Ko, Shi-Dou Lin, Ming-Chia Hsieh, Yu-Cheng Chen
AIMS: To investigate the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on all-cause mortality among patients with newly-diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) in an Asian population. We also identified risk factors for mortality in these patients. METHODS: The data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database and included 9831 newly-diagnosed TB individuals and 1627 TB mortality cases in the period of 2000-2010. The mortality data were divided into a DM group and a non-DM group...
November 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931509/development-and-validation-of-qmortality-risk-prediction-algorithm-to-estimate-short-term-risk-of-death-and-assess-frailty-cohort-study
#9
Julia Hippisley-Cox, Carol Coupland
Objectives To derive and validate a risk prediction equation to estimate the short term risk of death, and to develop a classification method for frailty based on risk of death and risk of unplanned hospital admission.Design Prospective open cohort study.Participants Routinely collected data from 1436 general practices contributing data to QResearch in England between 2012 and 2016. 1079 practices were used to develop the scores and a separate set of 357 practices to validate the scores. 1.47 million patients aged 65-100 years were in the derivation cohort and 0...
September 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891202/mechanical-signals-protect-stem-cell-lineage-selection-preserving-the-bone-and-muscle-phenotypes-in-obesity
#10
REVIEW
Danielle M Frechette, Divya Krishnamoorthy, Tee Pamon, M Ete Chan, Vihitaben Patel, Clinton T Rubin
The incidence of obesity is rapidly rising, increasing morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Associated comorbidities include type 2 diabetes, heart disease, fatty liver disease, and cancer. The impact of excess fat on musculoskeletal health is still unclear, although it is associated with increased fracture risk and a decline in muscular function. The complexity of obesity makes understanding the etiology of bone and muscle abnormalities difficult. Exercise is an effective and commonly prescribed nonpharmacological treatment option, but it can be difficult or unsafe for the frail, elderly, and morbidly obese...
September 11, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841901/outcome-of-colon-cancer-initially-presenting-as-colon-perforation-and-obstruction
#11
Tsung-Ming Chen, Yen-Ta Huang, Guan-Chyuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Emergency complications of colon cancer include perforation and obstruction which were recognized as poor prognostic factors. Few studies have directly compared the outcomes of these two groups. In this study, we evaluated mortality and morbidity in patients with colon cancer initially presenting as perforation and obstruction. METHODS: Newly diagnosed colon cancer cases initially presenting with perforation or obstruction at Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan, between 2009 and 2015 were included...
August 25, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811618/assessment-of-the-role-of-ageing-and-non-ageing-factors-in-death-from-non-communicable-diseases-based-on-a-cumulative-frequency-model
#12
Liu Hui
To quantify the effects of ageing and non-ageing factors, a characterization of the effects of ageing, genetic, and exogenous variables on 12 major non-communicable diseases was evaluated using a model assessing cumulative frequency of death and survival by age group from dead and surviving populations based on mortality statistics. Indices (0-1) of the roles of ageing (ARD), genetics (GRD) and exogenous (ERD) variables in deaths due to disease were established, and the sum of ARD, GRD and ERD was 1 (value of each indices was <1)...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700186/-the-treatment-of-aki-in-nephrology-hospitalization-the-sle-hdf-15-litres-in-10-hours
#13
Marcello Napoli, Maria Luisa Lefons, Giovanni Sandri, Efisio Sozzo, Carmela Ambrosino
The AKI in intensive care has been widely treated by international and national guidelines. The treatment of AKI in patients not requiring admission in Intensive Care Unit, but often hospitalized in Nephrology Unit, it is showed of less relevance. For over 5 years we have used for the treatment of AKI of patients admitted in Nephrology Unit an intermittent slow technique, implemented in approximately 600 patients with AKI for a total of about 3000 treatments. In this study we report the clinical results obtained in 100 consecutive patients referred to our Nephrology Unit from 1st January 2014...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625550/maternal-exposure-to-western-diet-affects-adult-body-composition-and-voluntary-wheel-running-in-a-genotype-specific-manner-in-mice
#14
Layla Hiramatsu, Jarren C Kay, Zoe Thompson, Jennifer M Singleton, Gerald C Claghorn, Ralph L Albuquerque, Brittany Ho, Brett Ho, Gabriela Sanchez, Theodore Garland
Some human diseases, including obesity, Type II diabetes, and numerous cancers, are thought to be influenced by environments experienced in early life, including in utero. Maternal diet during the perinatal period may be especially important for adult offspring energy balance, potentially affecting both body composition and physical activity. This effect may be mediated by the genetic background of individuals, including, for example, potential "protective" mechanisms for individuals with inherently high levels of physical activity or high basal metabolic rates...
October 1, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612540/-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-arthritis-in-middle-and-old-aged-populations-in-china
#15
Pei-Ya Cao, Kan Wu, Jia-Hui Qian, Hui-Qiang Luo, Xiao-Hui Ren
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of arthritis in middle- and old-aged populations in China and associated factors. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2013 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the associations of arthritis with social economic status (age, gender, areas, education), comorbidity (hypertension, dyslipidaemia, diabetes, cancer, chronic lung disease, liver disease, heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, digestive disease, asthma), lifestyle (smoking, drinking, sleeping) and mental health (depression symptoms)...
March 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599248/the-multifaceted-role-of-natriuretic-peptides-in-metabolic-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
Prasanna K Santhekadur, Divya P Kumar, Mulugeta Seneshaw, Faridoddin Mirshahi, Arun J Sanyal
Due to globalization and sophisticated western and sedentary lifestyle, metabolic syndrome has emerged as a serious public health challenge. Obesity is significantly increasing worldwide because of increased high calorie food intake and decreased physical activity leading to hypertension, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, and insulin resistance. Thus, metabolic syndrome constitutes cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and recently some cancers are also considered to be associated with this syndrome...
August 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580121/a-2-aza-cope-reactivity-based-platform-for-ratiometric-fluorescence-imaging-of-formaldehyde-in-living-cells
#17
Thomas F Brewer, Guillermo Burgos-Barragan, Niek Wit, Ketan J Patel, Christopher J Chang
Formaldehyde (FA) is a major reactive carbonyl species (RCS) that is naturally produced in living systems through a diverse array of cellular pathways that span from epigenetic regulation to the metabolic processing of endogenous metabolites. At the same time, however, aberrant elevations in FA levels contribute to pathologies ranging from cancer and diabetes to heart, liver, and neurodegenerative diseases. Disentangling the complex interplay between FA physiology and pathology motivates the development of chemical tools that can enable the selective detection of this RCS in biological environments with spatial and temporal fidelity...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539378/dietary-acid-load-and-mortality-among-japanese-men-and-women-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#18
Shamima Akter, Akiko Nanri, Tetsuya Mizoue, Mitsuhiko Noda, Norie Sawada, Shizuka Sasazuki, Shoichiro Tsugane
Background: Diet-induced metabolic acidosis has been linked to cardiometabolic abnormalities including hypertension and type 2 diabetes. However, there are limited data on its association with other chronic diseases and mortality.Objective: The present study aimed to examine the association between dietary acid load and total and cause-specific mortality.Design: This study was a large-scale, population-based, prospective cohort study in Japan involving 42,736 men and 49,742 women, aged 45-75 y, who had no history of cancer, stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD), or chronic liver disease at baseline...
July 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511405/evaluation-of-acute-oral-toxicity-of-ethanol-leaves-extract-of-catharanthus-roseus-in-wistar-albino-rats
#19
Venkateswar Rao Vutukuri, M C Das, Muralidhar Reddy, Siva Prabodh, Padma Sunethri
INTRODUCTION: Herbal drugs have gained importance globally in the treatment of various diseases. Catharanthus roseus is traditionally used as an anti diabetic and anti cancer drug. To the best of our knowledge limited data are available on acute and sub acute toxicity of C. roseus extract despite its wide spread use in traditional medicine. The present study was under taken to evaluate the acute oral toxicity of the ethanol leaves extract of C. roseus. AIM: To investigate the acute oral toxic effects of ethanol leaves extract of C...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504910/fermented-moringa-oleifera-decreases-hepatic-adiposity-and-ameliorates-glucose-intolerance-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#20
Hyunchae Joung, Bobae Kim, Hyunjoon Park, Kyuyeon Lee, Hee-Hoon Kim, Ho-Cheol Sim, Hyun-Jin Do, Chang-Kee Hyun, Myoung-Sool Do
Metabolic diseases, such as glucose intolerance and nonalcoholic fatty-liver disease (NAFLD), are primary risk factors for life-threatening conditions such as diabetes, heart attack, stroke, and hepatic cancer. Extracts from the tropical tree Moringa oleifera show antidiabetic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer effects. Fermentation can further improve the safety and nutritional value of certain foods. We investigated the efficacy of fermented M. oleifera extract (FM) against high-fat diet (HFD)-induced glucose intolerance and hepatic lipid accumulation and investigated the underlying mechanisms by analyzing expression of proteins and genes involved in glucose and lipid regulation...
May 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
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