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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832956/effects-of-pcb-126-and-pcb-153-on-secretion-of-steroid-hormones-and-mrna-expression-of-steroidogenic-genes-star-hsd3b-cyp19a1-and-estrogen-receptors-er%C3%AE-er%C3%AE-in-prehierarchical-chicken-ovarian-follicles
#1
Andrzej Sechman, Marta Batoryna, Piotr A Antos, Anna Hrabia
The objective of this study was to assess the in vitro effects of dioxin-like PCB 126 and non-dioxin-like PCB 153 on basal and ovine LH (oLH)-stimulated testosterone (T) and estradiol (E2) secretion and expression of steroidogenic genes (STAR, HSD3B and CYP19A1) and estrogen receptors α (ERα) and β (ERβ) in white (WF) and yellowish (YF) prehierarchical follicles of the hen ovary. Steroid concentrations in a medium and gene expression in follicles following 6h of exposition were determined by RIA and real-time qPCR, respectively...
November 8, 2016: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815160/expression-and-regulation-of-prolactin-like-protein-messenger-rna-in-undifferentiated-chicken-granulosa-cells
#2
Shenqiang Hu, Raj Duggavathi, David Zadworny
Prolactin-like protein (PRL-L; LOC417800) is a homolog of PRL in non-mammalian vertebrates and can act as a functional ligand of PRL receptor (PRLR). Despite its widespread expression in extrapituitary tissues, mechanisms of regulation of PRL-L in the chicken ovary remain unknown. In this study, we first examined PRL-L expression in chicken ovarian developing follicles. PRL-L transcript levels were highest (P<0.05) in follicular walls of <2mm follicles and progressively declined during follicle maturation...
January 1, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781291/expressed-microrna-associated-with-high-rate-of-egg-production-in-chicken-ovarian-follicles
#3
N Wu, U Gaur, Q Zhu, B Chen, Z Xu, X Zhao, M Yang, D Li
MicroRNA (miRNA) is a highly conserved class of small noncoding RNA about 19-24 nucleotides in length that function in a specific manner to post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression in organisms. Tissue miRNA expression studies have discovered a myriad of functions for miRNAs in various aspects, but a role for miRNAs in chicken ovarian tissue at 300 days of age has not hitherto been reported. In this study, we performed the first miRNA analysis of ovarian tissues in chickens with low and high rates of egg production using high-throughput sequencing...
October 26, 2016: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744051/stephanoprora-chasanensis-n-sp-digenea-echinochasmidae-morphology-life-cycle-and-molecular-data
#4
Vladimir V Besprozvannykh, Konstantin V Rozhkovan, Alexey V Ermolenko
Echinostomatoidea is a large, globally distributed and heterogeneous group of hermaphroditic digeneans that parasite, as adults, vertebrate hosts of all classes. Species of this group have received attention from researchers as they can cause diseases in wildlife and humans. Here we describe the biological and molecular phylogenetic characteristics of Stephanoprora chasanensis n. sp. (Digenea: Echinochasmidae). The life cycle of this fluke was experimentally completed by the use of hosts, i.e. Stenothyra recondite Lindholm, 1929 snail (the 1st intermediate), Rhynchocypris percnurus mantschuricus (Berg, 1907) freshwater fish (the 2nd intermediate) and Gallus gallus chicken (the definitive host)...
October 12, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692091/marek-s-disease-virus-immunosuppression-alters-host-cellular-responses-and-immune-gene-expression-in-the-skin-of-infected-chickens
#5
Mohammad Heidari, Dan Wang, Phillip Delekta, Shuhong Sun
Marek's disease virus (MDV), a highly cell-associated lymphotropic α-herpesvirus, is the causative agent of Marek's disease (MD) in domestic chickens. MDV replicates in chicken lymphocytes and establishes a latent infection within CD4(+) T cells. The latently infected CD4(+) T cells carry the virus to visceral organs, peripheral nerves, and feather follicle epithelium (FFE). FFE is the only anatomical site where infectious enveloped cell-free virus particles are produced and disseminated into the environment...
November 1, 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610735/concurrent-fowlpox-and-candidiasis-diseases-in-backyard-chickens-with-unusual-pox-lesions-in-the-bursa-of-fabricius
#6
Fusae Ogasawara, Yu Yamamoto, Yasuo Sato, Kazuhiro Fukunari, Ken-Ichi Murata, Gakuji Yaegashi, Makiko Goto, Ryukoh Murakami
Concurrent fowlpox and candidiasis diseases occurred in a backyard chicken flock. Four deceased chickens (one Nagoya breed and three white silkie chickens) were examined for diagnosis. At necropsy, white curd-like plaques were observed in the crop. Fungal elements that stained positive for Candida albicans with immunohistochemistry were distributed throughout the tongue, choanal mucosa, esophagus, and crop. Typical fowlpox lesions, composed of proliferating epithelial cells with ballooning degeneration and viral intracytoplasmic inclusions, were observed in the conjunctiva, nasal mucosa, and skin around the cloaca...
September 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591285/identification-of-the-gene-product-recognized-by-monoclonal-antibody-giif3
#7
B Felfoldi, A Magyar, N Nagy, I Olah, G T Pharr
The chicken as a research model has a disadvantage compared with the mouse and the human because of the low number of available antibodies against gene products of interest. The goal of this study was to identify the antigen recognized by monoclonal antibody (mAb) GIIF3, which is a 42 kDa protein that appears in follicle-associated epithelium of the guinea hen as well as in different muscle types during chicken embryonic development. The 42 kDa protein, immunoprecipitated from chicken gizzard protein lysates, was evaluated by mass spectrometry...
September 2, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581388/highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-h5n1-virus-in-feathers-tropism-and-pathology-of-virus-infected-feathers-of-infected-ducks-and-chickens
#8
H Nuradji, J Bingham, J Payne, J Harper, S Lowther, H Wibawa, N T Long, J Meers
H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus causes high mortality of infected birds, with infection in multiple organs, including in feathers. Feathers have been proposed as samples for diagnosis of HPAI infection in birds, and this study is part of a broader investigation validating the use of feathers for diagnostic purposes. To understand and characterize the morphological basis for feather infection, sections from 7 different skin tracts of ducks and chickens infected with 3 different clades of H5N1 HPAI virus from Indonesia and Vietnam were examined histologically...
August 31, 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505353/the-hippo-mst-pathway-member-sav1-plays-a-suppressive-role-in-development-of-the-prehierarchical-follicles-in-hen-ovary
#9
Zhichao Lyu, Ning Qin, Thobela Louis Tyasi, Hongyan Zhu, Dehui Liu, Shuguo Yuan, Rifu Xu
The Hippo/MST signaling pathway is a critical player in controlling cell proliferation, self-renewal, differentiation, and apoptosis of most tissues and organs in diverse species. Previous studies have shown that Salvador homolog 1 (SAV1), a scaffolding protein which functions in the signaling system is expressed in mammalian ovaries and play a vital role in governing the follicle development. But the exact biological effects of chicken SAV1 in prehierarchical follicle development remain poorly understood. In the present study, we demonstrated that the SAV1 protein is predominantly expressed in the oocytes and undifferentiated granulosa cells in the various sized prehierarchical follicles of hen ovary, and the endogenous expression level of SAV1 mRNA appears down-regulated from the primordial follicles to the largest preovulatory follicles (F2-F1) by immunohistochemistry and real-time RT-PCR, respectively...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427764/genome-wide-association-studies-for-comb-traits-in-chickens
#10
Manman Shen, Liang Qu, Meng Ma, Taocun Dou, Jian Lu, Jun Guo, Yuping Hu, Guoqiang Yi, Jingwei Yuan, Congjiao Sun, Kehua Wang, Ning Yang
The comb, as a secondary sexual character, is an important trait in chicken. Indicators of comb length (CL), comb height (CH), and comb weight (CW) are often selected in production. DNA-based marker-assisted selection could help chicken breeders to accelerate genetic improvement for comb or related economic characters by early selection. Although a number of quantitative trait loci (QTL) and candidate genes have been identified with advances in molecular genetics, candidate genes underlying comb traits are limited...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378405/comparison-of-the-effects-of-human-and-chicken-ghrelin-on-chicken-ovarian-hormone-release
#11
Alexander V Sirotkin, Abdel Halim Harrath, Roland Grossmann
The aim of the present experiments was to examine the species-specific and cell-specific effects of ghrelin on chicken ovarian hormone release. For this purpose, we compared the effects of chicken and human ghrelin on the release of estradiol (E), testosterone (T), progesterone (P) and arginine-vasotocin (AVT) by cultured fragments of chicken ovarian follicles and on the release of T and AVT by cultured ovarian granulosa cells. In cultured chicken ovarian fragments, both human and chicken ghrelin promoted E release...
November 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340039/bone-morphogenetic-protein-15-may-promote-follicle-selection-in-the-hen
#12
C S Stephens, P A Johnson
In the hen, optimal ovulation rate depends on selection of a single follicle into the pre-ovulatory hierarchy. Follicle selection is associated with increased oocyte growth and changes in gene expression in granulosa cells surrounding the oocyte, in preparation for ovulation. This study investigated the expression, function and regulation of bone morphogenetic protein-15 (BMP15) during follicle development in the hen. BMP15 mRNA expression was analyzed in the ooplasm and granulosa cells of 3mm follicles and was confirmed to be primarily in the ooplasm...
September 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021352/vasoactive-intestinal-peptide-promotes-differentiation-and-clock-gene-expression-in-granulosa-cells-from-prehierarchal-follicles
#13
Dongwon Kim, Alan L Johnson
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) signaling via cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) is reported to stimulate steroidogenesis in ovarian granulosa cells from a variety of vertebrate species, including the domestic hen. Prior to follicle selection in the hen ovary (i.e., cyclic recruitment) follicle-stimulating-hormone (FSH)-induced cAMP signaling is absent within the granulosa layer until immediately following follicle selection. As a consequence, granulosa cells remain in an undifferentiated state and are unable to initiate FSH-induced steroidogenesis...
May 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966259/characterization-of-chicken-mmp13-expression-and-genetic-effect-on-egg-production-traits-of-its-promoter-polymorphisms
#14
Zhenjie Yuan, Yuxia Chen, Qiuyue Chen, Miao Guo, Li Kang, Guiyu Zhu, Yunliang Jiang
Extracelluar matrix undergoes constant remodeling, cell-cell, and cell-matrix interactions during chicken ovarian follicle growth, which is coordinated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and their associated endogenous inhibitors (TIMPs). Transcriptome analysis revealed upregulation of MMP13 in sexually mature chicken ovaries. In this study, we found that the expression of MMP13 in chicken ovary was stably elevated from 60 d to 159 d, and was significantly higher at 159 d than at the other three developmental stages (P < 0...
2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949949/effects-of-steroid-hormone-in-avian-follicles
#15
R E Caicedo Rivas, M Paz-Calderón Nieto, M Kamiyoshi
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of testosterone (T) and estradiol-17β (E2) on the production of progesterone (P4) by granulosa cells, and of the E2 on the production of P4 and T by theca internal cells. In the first experiment, granulosa cells isolated from the largest (F1) and third largest (F3) preovulatory follicle were incubated for 4 h in short-term culture system, P4 production by granulosa cells of both F1 and F3 was increased in a dose-dependent manner by ovine luteinizing hormone (oLH), but not T or E2...
April 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26944965/differential-antibacterial-response-of-chicken-granulosa-cells-to-invasion-by-salmonella-serovars
#16
Uma S Babu, Lisa M Harrison, Isha R Patel, Gerardo A Ramirez, Kristina M Williams, Marion Pereira, Kannan V Balan
In the United States, Salmonella enterica ser. Enteritidis (SE) is among the leading bacterial cause of foodborne illness via consumption of raw or undercooked eggs. The top Salmonella serovars implicated in U.S. foodborne outbreaks associated with chicken consumption include SE, Typhimurium (ST), Heidelberg (SH), Montevideo, Mbandka, Braenderup, and Newport. While enforcement actions target the eradication of SE from layer hens, there is a growing concern that other serovars could occupy this niche and be a cause of egg-transmitted human salmonellosis...
June 1, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26781494/effect-of-different-concentrations-of-bacillus-subtilis-on-immune-response-of-broiler-chickens
#17
A Kőrösi Molnár, B Podmaniczky, P Kürti, R Glávits, Gy Virág, Zs Szabó, Zs Farkas
This trial was conducted to study the effects of different Bacillus subtilis concentrations on immune response of broiler chickens. There were 5 treatment groups: control, with no added B. subtilis supplementation, and 4 treatment groups receiving feed supplemented with different concentrations of B. subtilis. The trial was conducted with 225 broilers. The weight of broiler chickens in all groups receiving feed supplemented with B. subtilis was significantly higher and the feed conversion was better independently of the concentration than that of the control chickens...
March 2011: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26763492/normal-ultrasonographic-images-of-reproductive-organs-of-female-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica-a-laboratory-animal-model
#18
Farzaneh Hosseini, Mohammad Hasan Mehraei Hamzekolaei, Abdol Karim Zamani Moghaddam, Hajar Arabha, Seyyed Sattar Tohidifar
Certain special biological characteristics of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) could enable quicker and less expensive laboratory experiments than similar studies using mice or chickens. Moreover, due to some physiological similarities with humans, quails have been recognized as an ideal laboratory model for experiments in some fields such as immunology, endocrinology, and reproductive biology. The aim of this study was to acquire normal ultrasonographic images of reproductive organs of female Japanese quails in order to facilitate laboratory experiments on reproductive biology and to determine a non-invasive in-life alternative to carcass analysis...
January 12, 2016: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742789/keratinocytes-derived-from-chicken-embryonic-stem-cells-support-marek-s-disease-virus-infection-a-highly-differentiated-cell-model-to-study-viral-replication-and-morphogenesis
#19
Mathilde Couteaudier, Katia Courvoisier, Laetitia Trapp-Fragnet, Caroline Denesvre, Jean-François Vautherot
BACKGROUND: Marek's disease is a virus disease with worldwide distribution that causes major losses to poultry production. Vaccines against Marek's disease virus, an oncogenic alphaherpesvirus, reduce tumour formation but have no effect on virus shedding. Successful horizontal virus transmission is linked to the active viral replication in feather follicle epithelial cells of infected chickens, from which infectious viral particles are shed into the environment. The feather follicle epithelium is the sole tissue in which those infectious particles are produced and no in vitro cell-systems can support this highly efficient morphogenesis...
January 7, 2016: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26716441/dynamic-changes-in-the-follicular-transcriptome-and-promoter-dna-methylation-pattern-of-steroidogenic-genes-in-chicken-follicles-throughout-the-ovulation-cycle
#20
Guiyu Zhu, Yong Mao, Wendi Zhou, Yunliang Jiang
The molecular mechanisms associated with follicle maturation and ovulation are not well defined in avian species. In this study, we used RNA-seq to study the gene expression profiles of the chicken follicles from different developmental stages (pre-hierarchical, pre-ovulatory and post-ovulatory). Transcriptomic analysis revealed a total of 1,277 and 2,310 genes were differentially expressed when follicles progressed through the pre-hierarchical to hierarchical and pre-ovulatory to post-ovulatory transitions, respectively...
2015: PloS One
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