Read by QxMD icon Read

chicken follicle

Onalenna Kereilwe, Kiran Pandey, Vitaliano Borromeo, Hiroya Kadokawa
Preantral and small antral follicles may secret anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) to control gonadotrophin secretion from ruminant gonadotrophs. The present study investigated whether the main receptor for AMH, AMH receptor type 2 (AMHR2), is expressed in gonadotrophs of postpubertal heifers to control gonadotrophin secretion. Expression of AMHR2 mRNA was detected in anterior pituitaries (APs) of postpubertal heifers using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. An anti-AMHR2 chicken antibody was developed against the extracellular region near the N-terminus of bovine AMHR2...
March 14, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Anna Hrabia, Joanna K Socha, Andrzej Sechman
The study was undertaken to examine mRNA expression and localization of selected matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs), and the activity of MMPs in chicken postovulatory follicles (POFs) during their apoptotic regression. Apoptotic cells and apoptosis-related caspase expression and activity were examined as well. Chickens were sacrificed 2 h and 21 h after ovulation, and five POFs (POF1 to POF5) were isolated from the ovaries. It was found that the number of apoptotic cells (TUNEL-positive) increased along with follicle regression...
February 10, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Dan Zhao, Imdad Hussain Leghari, Jian Li, Yuling Mi, Caiqiao Zhang
The isolation and culture of ovarian follicles is essential for the studies of follicular development and function. In contrast to the relative ease of culture for mammalian follicles, developing in vitro cultures of high viability for the much larger avian follicles has always proven to be more challenging. In this study, the growing follicles from domestic hens (Gallus domesticus) were isolated using enzymatic and mechanical methods and then investigated for the optimized conditions for culture. Assessments of viability and hormonal responsiveness were also considered...
February 2, 2018: Theriogenology
Yong Mao, Xuan Wu, Li An, Xiao Li, Ze Li, Guiyu Zhu
Estrogen is the primary sex hormone responsible for the development and modulation of the female reproductive system in all vertebrates including avian species. The actions of estrogen are mediated by the estrogen receptor, which could be modulated by the selective estrogen receptor modulator tamoxifen (TAM). In this study, we administered TAM into the actively laying chicken to investigate the ovarian and hypothalamic responses to the estrogen action blockage. The laying was disrupted and the development of the pre-ovulatory hierarchical follicles was arrested...
February 1, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Chuen-Yu Cheng, Wei-Lin Tu, Chao-Jung Chen, Hong-Lin Chan, Chih-Feng Chen, Hsin-Hsin Chen, Pin-Chi Tang, Yen-Pai Lee, Shuen-Ei Chen, San-Yuan Huang
This study investigated global gene and protein expression in the small yellow follicle (SYF; 6-8 mm in diameter) tissues of chickens in response to acute heat stress. Twelve 30-week-old layer-type hens were divided into four groups: control hens were maintained at 25 °C while treatment hens were subjected to acute heat stress at 36 °C for 4 h without recovery, with 2-h recovery, and with 6-h recovery. SYFs were collected at each time point for mRNA and protein analyses. A total of 176 genes and 93 distinct proteins with differential expressions were identified, mainly associated with the molecular functions of catalytic activity and binding...
January 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Husile Gong, Hong Wang, YueXing Wang, Xue Bai, Bin Liu, JinFeng He, JiangHong Wu, WangMei Qi, WenGuang Zhang
Avian species have a unique integument covered with feathers. Skin morphogenesis is a successive and complex process. To date, most studies have focused on a single developmental point or stage. Fewer studies have focused on whole transcriptomes based on the time-course of embryo integument development. To analyze the global changes in gene expression profiles, we sequenced the transcriptome of chicken embryo skin samples from day 6 to day 21 of incubation and identified 5830 differentially expressed genes (DEGs)...
2018: PloS One
Yanfa Sun, Ranran Liu, Guiping Zhao, Maiqing Zheng, Peng Li, Li Liu, Jie Wen
Development of testes or ovaries is critical to chicken breeders. Understanding the genetic mechanisms influencing the development of the testes and ovaries could enhance selection efforts which target reproductive traits. The linkage analysis was conducted within an F2 population derived from Beijing-You chickens and a commercial broiler line. The results have identified one quantitative trait loci (QTL, designated T1) for bilateral testicular weight (TW) and the percentage of TW to carcass weight, and five QTLs (designated O1-O5) for ovary weight (follicle-free, OW) and the percentage of OW to carcass weight...
January 4, 2018: Animal Biotechnology
Yiya Wang, Qiuyue Chen, Zemin Liu, Xiaoli Guo, Yanzhi Du, Zhenjie Yuan, Miao Guo, Li Kang, Yi Sun, Yunliang Jiang
Ovarian follicle selection is an important process impacting the laying performance and fecundity of hens, and is regulated by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) through binding to its receptor [follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR)]. In laying hens, the small yellow follicle (6-8 mm in diameter) with the highest expression of FSHR will be recruited into the preovulatory hierarchy during ovarian follicle development. The study of molecular mechanism of chicken follicle selection is helpful for the identification of genes underlying egg-laying traits in chicken and other poultry species...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Manman Shen, Hongyan Sun, Liang Qu, Meng Ma, Taocun Dou, Jian Lu, Jun Guo, Yuping Hu, Xingguo Wang, Yongfeng Li, Kehua Wang, Ning Yang
Follicular development has a major impact on reproductive performance. Most previous researchers focused on molecular mechanisms of follicular development. The genetic architecture underlying the number of follicle, however, has yet not to be thoroughly defined in chicken. Here we report a genome-wide association study for the genetic architecture determining the numbers of follicles in a large F2 resource population. The results showed heritability were low to moderate (0.05-0.28) for number of pre-ovulatory follicles (POF), small yellow follicles (SYF) and atresia follicles (AF)...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ping Wu, Jie Yan, Yung-Chih Lai, Chen Siang Ng, Ang Li, Xueyuan Jiang, Ruth M Elsey, Randall Widelitz, Ruchi Bajpai, Wen-Hsiung Li, Cheng-Ming Chuong
The origin of feathers is an important question in Evo-Devo studies, with the eventual evolution of vaned feathers which are aerodynamic, allowing feathered dinosaurs and early birds to fly and venture into new ecological niches. Studying how feathers and scales are developmentally specified provides insight into how a new organ may evolve. We identified feather-associated genes using genomic analyses. The candidate genes were tested by expressing them in chicken and alligator scale forming regions. Ectopic expression of these genes induced intermediate morphotypes between scales and feathers which revealed several major morphogenetic events along this path: Localized growth zone formation, follicle invagination, epithelial branching, feather keratin differentiation, and dermal papilla formation...
February 1, 2018: Molecular Biology and Evolution
Khin Maung Latt, Ayaka Urata, Taisuke Shinki, Satomi Sasaki, Takako Taniguchi, Naoaki Misawa
Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli are the leading causes of enteric infections in many developed countries. Healthy chickens are considered to act as reservoirs of campylobacters, as the organisms colonize the intestinal tract. Once infected birds enter a processing plant, contamination of chicken carcasses with campylobacters occurs over the entire skin during defeathering and evisceration due to leakage of crop and/or intestinal contents. Although the role of feather follicles in the contamination of chicken carcasses by campylobacters during processing is still debatable, it has been considered that the microorganisms would be entrapped and retained in the follicles due to the morphological changes resulting from defeathering and chilling...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Minli Yu, Yali Xu, Ming Li, Dongfeng Li, Yinglin Lu, Debing Yu, Wenxing Du
Bisphenol A (BPA) as an endocrine-disrupting chemical with weak estrogenic activity affects formation of primordial follicles. This study aimed to identify the potential effects and molecular mechanisms of BPA on meiosis and primordial follicle formation in chickens. The results suggest that the cortical layer was thickened and the number of germ cells that entered into meiosis was increased in BPA-treated ovaries. The percentage of γH2AX-positive cells increased significantly. In addition, up-regulated mRNA expression of meiotic genes, including stimulated by retinoic acid gene 8 (Stra8), disrupted meiotic cDNA 1 homologue (Dmc1) and synaptonemal complex protein 3 (Scp3) were observed in BPA-treated ovaries...
November 4, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Sebastien Mathieu Soubies, Céline Courtillon, Mouna Abed, Michel Amelot, Alassane Keita, Andrew Broadbent, Sonja Härtle, Bernd Kaspers, Nicolas Eterradossi
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is a Birnaviridae family member of economic importance for poultry. This virus infects and destroys developing B lymphocytes in the cloacal bursa, resulting in a potentially fatal or immunosuppressive disease in chickens. Naturally-occurring viruses and many vaccine strains are not able to grow in in vitro systems without prior adaptation, which process often affects viral properties such as virulence. Primary bursal cells, which are the main target cells of lymphotropic IBDV in vivo, may represent an attractive system for the study of IBDV...
October 17, 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
Anushka Jayaraman, T Rajendra Kumar
Pituitary gonadotropes synthesize and secrete follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). FSH is a heterodimer that consists of an α- and β-subunit. The α-subunit is common to other pituitary and placental glycoprotein hormones, and the β-subunit is the hormone/receptor-specific subunit. Although the pituitary is the main tissue that accounts for circulating hormone, previous and recent reports indicate extra-pituitary sources of FSH production including mouse gonads, human stomach, prostate, umbilical cord vein endothelial cells, uterine myometrium, placenta, and chicken abdominal adipose tissue...
October 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
Shunsuke Nishio, Tsukasa Matsuda
In birds in the reproductive season, an egg is ovulated without cumulus cells from the largest follicle with the highest hierarchy in the ovary. The outermost part of the ovulated eggs is the perivitelline layer, a glycoprotein matrix consisting of a few ZP-glycoproteins. The fertilization starts from sperm penetration of the perivitelline layer predominantly in the germinal disc region, followed by uptake of the sperm into the egg, and goes through by the fusion of sperm male pronucleus with the female pronucleus in the egg...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Ildikó Bódi, Krisztina Minkó, Orsolya Fölker, Zsófia Benyeda, Balázs Felföldi, Attila Magyar, Anna Kiss, Vilmos Palya, Imre Oláh
The surface epithelium of the bursa of Fabricius consists of interfollicular (IFE) and follicle-associated epithelium (FAE). The IFE comprises (i) cylindrical-shaped secretory cells (SC) and (ii) cuboidal basal cells (BCs). The FAE provides histological and two-way functional connections between the bursal lumen and medulla of the follicle. We used a carbon solution and anti-caveolin-1 (Cav-1) to study the endocytic activity of FAE. Carbon particles entered the intercellular space of FAE, but the carbon particles were not internalized by the FAE cells...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Morphology
Li Kang, Chunhong Yang, Haizhen Wu, Qiuyue Chen, Libo Huang, Xianyao Li, Hui Tang, Yunliang Jiang
Ovarian theca cells play an indispensable role in ovarian follicular development and hormone secretion. miR-26a-5p was reported to be differentially expressed in mature and immature chicken ovaries in our previous study; however, the role of miR-26a-5p in regulating ovarian follicle function is still unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that the expression dynamics of TNRC6A mRNA in either chicken ovaries or follicles showed an opposite trend compared with that of chicken miR-26a-5p expression. miR-26a-5p inhibited TNRC6A mRNA expression by directly targeting its 3'-untranslated region in cultured chicken theca cells...
November 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
A P Benson, M N Malloy, J R Steed, V L Christensen, B D Fairchild, A J Davis
The freshly ovulated ovum in avian species is surrounded by a protein layer called the inner perivitelline layer (IPVL). The IPVL contains zona pellucida proteins and 6 distinct zona pellucida genes have been identified (ZPA, ZPB1, ZPB2, ZPC, ZPD and ZPX1) in the chicken. In the present research, the expression of the mRNA for ZPA, ZPB2, and ZPX1 was investigated in 2 lines of turkey hens selected for either increased egg production (E line) or increased body weight (F line). Theca and granulosa cell expression of the mRNA for ZPA and ZPB2 was also investigated in hierarchical and prehierarchical follicles from broiler breeder hens...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
Y M Kim, Y H Park, J M Lim, H Jung, J Y Han
Pluripotent stem cells including embryonic stem cells (ESC) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) are regarded as representative tools for conservation of animal genetic resources. Although ESC have been established from chicken, it is very difficult to obtain enough embryos for isolation of stem cells for avian conservation in most wild birds. Therefore, the high feasibility of obtaining the pluripotent cell is most important in avian conservation studies. In this study, we generated induced pluripotent stem cell-like cells (iPSLC) from avian Feather Follicular cells (FFC)...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
Amy E Shyer, Alan R Rodrigues, Grant G Schroeder, Elena Kassianidou, Sanjay Kumar, Richard M Harland
The spacing of hair in mammals and feathers in birds is one of the most apparent morphological features of the skin. This pattern arises when uniform fields of progenitor cells diversify their molecular fate while adopting higher-order structure. Using the nascent skin of the developing chicken embryo as a model system, we find that morphological and molecular symmetries are simultaneously broken by an emergent process of cellular self-organization. The key initiators of heterogeneity are dermal progenitors, which spontaneously aggregate through contractility-driven cellular pulling...
August 25, 2017: Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"