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Cervical shortening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713617/age-related-change-of-iba-1-immunoreactivity-in-the-adult-and-aged-gerbil-spinal-cord
#1
Kwon Young Lee, Joo Yeon Kang, Jung Im Yun, Jin Young Chung, In Koo Hwang, Moo Ho Won, Jung Hoon Choi
In the present study, we examined change of ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (Iba-1) in the adult and aged gerbil spinal cords. Significant change of morphological feature and neuronal cell loss were not observed in both adult and aged spinal cords of gerbil after NeuN immunohistochemistry and Fluoro-Jade B histofluoresce staining. Iba-1-immunoreactive microglia broadly distributed in the spinal cord. Most of Iba-1-immunoreactive microglia showed ramified forms in the adult gerbil cervical and lumbar spinal cords...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692507/eagle-syndrome-a-follow-up-examination-of-four-patients-after-surgical-treatment-via-cervical-approach
#2
Nils Heim, Anton Faron, Markus Martini, Rudolf H Reich
OBJECTIVE: Eagle syndrome is a rare pain syndrome caused by an elongated styloid apophysis or an ossified styloid ligament. It is characterized by a complex range of symptoms in head and neck region. The most effective treatment is surgical shortening of the styloid apophysis. The authors report of a follow-up examination of 4 patients after surgical treatment via cervical approach. METHODS: Retrospectively reviewed hospital records of 5 patients (4 females and 1 male), aged from 26 to 59 years old (mean age = 45...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673792/cervical-cerclage-placement-decreases-local-levels-of-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-patients-with-cervical-insufficiency
#3
Stephany P Monsanto, Silvia Daher, Erika Ono, Karen Priscilla Tezotto Pendeloski, Évelyn Trainá, Rosiane Mattar, Chandrakant Tayade
BACKGROUND: Cervical insufficiency is characterized by premature, progressive dilation and shortening of the cervix during pregnancy. If left unattended, this can lead to the prolapse and rupture of the amniotic membrane, which usually results in midtrimester pregnancy loss or preterm birth. Previous studies have shown that proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and tumor necrosis factor alpha are up-regulated in normal parturition but are also associated with preterm birth...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651447/the-association-between-fetal-fibronectin-and-spontaneous-preterm-birth-in-twin-pregnancies-with-a-shortened-cervical-length
#4
Kathy C Matthews, Simi Gupta, Jennifer Lam-Rachlin, Daniel H Saltzman, Andrei Rebarber, Nathan S Fox
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between a positive fetal fibronectin (fFN) and spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) in twin pregnancies with a shortened cervical length (CL). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of asymptomatic twin pregnancies managed by a single MFM practice from 2005-2016. We included all women with a shortened CL ≤25 mm at 22-28 weeks, and compared outcomes between women with a positive and negative fFN result. RESULTS: One hundred fifty-five patients were included, 129 (83...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639273/a-single-center-retrospective-study-of-pregnancy-outcomes-after-emergency-cerclage-for-cervical-insufficiency
#5
Sheng Wang, Ling Feng
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and perinatal outcomes after emergency cerclage with those after elective cerclage. METHODS: In a retrospective review, data were assessed from women with a viable singleton pregnancy who underwent elective or emergency cerclage for cervical insufficiency at the Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, China, between January 2010 and July 2015. Subgroup analyses based on cervical length (CL; ≤15, 15-25, and 25-30 mm) were also conducted among women undergoing emergency cerclage...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628186/knockdown-of-homeobox-containing-1-increases-the-radiosensitivity-of-cervical-cancer-cells-through-telomere-shortening
#6
Shuliang Zhou, Youde Xiao, Yafei Zhuang, Yinyin Liu, Hong Zhao, Hui Yang, Conghua Xie, Fuxiang Zhou, Yunfeng Zhou
Homeobox containing 1 (HMBOX1) modulates telomere length in various types of tumor cells by binding to double‑stranded telomeric DNA. There is a negative correlation between telomere length and radiosensitivity in tumor cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the relationship among HMBOX1, telomere and radiosensitivity in cervical cancer cells. Lentivirus-based shRNAs were used to establish stable transfected cell lines in which protein and mRNA levels of HMBOX1 were notably decreased. Knockdown of HMBOX1 increased the radiosensitivity of HeLa and C33A cells...
July 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606063/on-predicting-time-to-completion-for-the-first-stage-of-spontaneous-labor-at-term-in-multiparous-women
#7
Björn Gunnarsson, Eirik Skogvoll, Ingibjörg Hanna Jónsdóttir, Jo Røislien, Alexander Kr Smárason
BACKGROUND: Labor that progresses faster than anticipated may lead to unplanned out-of-hospital births. With the aim to improve planning of transportation to birthing institutions, this study investigated predictors of time to completion for the first stage of labor conditional on cervical opening (conditional time) in multiparous women at term. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of partograms for women in Robson's group 3 who delivered at one hospital from 2003 to 2013...
June 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591037/different-surgical-approaches-for-the-treatment-of-adjacent-segment-diseases-after-anterior-cervical-fusion-a-retrospective-study-of-49-patients
#8
Feng Wang, Peng Wang, De-Chao Miao, Wei Du, Yong Shen
Studies in the literature have not delineated the surgical approaches of symptomatic adjacent segment diseases (ASDs) in patients undergoing reoperation after an initial anterior cervical fusion (ACF). The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal surgical approaches of ASD and the incidence of the dysphagia after reoperation.This was a retrospective study of 49 patients with ASD after an initial ACF surgery, which had undergone a reoperation at our medical center between January 2010 and December 2014...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585708/the-cytokine-network-in-women-with-an-asymptomatic-short-cervix-and-the-risk-of-preterm-delivery
#9
Adi L Tarca, Wendy Fitzgerald, Piya Chaemsaithong, Zhonghui Xu, Sonia S Hassan, Jean-Charles Grivel, Nardhy Gomez-Lopez, Bogdan Panaitescu, Percy Pacora, Eli Maymon, Offer Erez, Leonid Margolis, Roberto Romero
PROBLEM: To characterize the amniotic fluid (AF) inflammatory-related protein (IRP) network in patients with a sonographic short cervix (SCx) and to determine its relation to early preterm delivery (ePTD). METHOD OF STUDY: A retrospective cohort study included women with a SCx (≤25 mm; n=223) who had amniocentesis and were classified according to gestational age (GA) at diagnosis and delivery (ePTD <32 weeks of gestation). RESULTS: (i) In women with a SCx ≤ 22 1/7 weeks, the concentration of most IRPs increased as the cervix shortened; those with ePTD had a higher rate of increase in MIP-1α, MCP-1, and IL-6 concentrations than those delivering later; and (ii) the concentration of most IRPs and the correlation between several IRP pairs were higher in the ePTD group than for those delivering later...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578252/stretching-position-can-affect-levator-scapular-muscle-activity-length-and-cervical-range-of-motion-in-people-with-a-shortened-levator-scapulae
#10
Hyo-Jung Jeong, Heon-Seock Cynn, Chung-Hwi Yi, Jang-Whon Yoon, Ji-Hyun Lee, Tae-Lim Yoon, Bo-Been Kim
OBJECTIVES: Levator scapulae (LS) muscle stretching exercises are a common method of lengthening a shortened muscle; however, the appropriate stretching position for lengthening the LS in people with a shortened LS remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different stretching exercise positions on the LS and introduce effective stretching exercise methods to clinicians. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four university students (12 men, 12 women) with a shortened LS were recruited...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570639/cerclage-position-cervical-length-and-preterm-delivery-in-women-undergoing-ultrasound-indicated-cervical-cerclage-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Joanna R Cook, Susan Chatfield, Manju Chandiramani, Lindsay Kindinger, Stefano Cacciatore, Lynne Sykes, Tiong Teoh, Andrew Shennan, Vasso Terzidou, Phillip R Bennett
OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to assess whether anatomical location of ultrasound (USS) indicated cervical cerclage and/or the degree of cervical shortening (cervical length; CL) prior to and following cerclage affects the risk of preterm birth (PTB). METHOD: A retrospective cohort study of 179 women receiving cerclage for short cervix (≤25mm) was performed. Demographic data, CL before and after cerclage insertion, height of cerclage (distance from external os) and gestation at delivery were collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540576/cervical-length-dynamics-in-triplet-pregnancies-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Sophie Pils, Stephanie Springer, Verena Wehrmann, Kinga Chalubinski, Johannes Ott
PURPOSE: To review our experience with a screening program that included sequential cervical length measurements in our large population of triplet pregnancies. METHODS: Seventy-eight triplet pregnancies were retrospectively included. Cervical length measurements were performed by transvaginal ultrasound in 2-week intervals from week 16 + 0 onwards in a tertiary-care center in Vienna. The main outcome measurement was preterm delivery prior to 32 + 0 weeks of gestation...
August 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535404/placental-inflammation-and-its-relationship-to-cervicovaginal-fetal-fibronectin-in-preterm-birth
#13
Laura van der Krogt, Alexandra E Ridout, Paul T Seed, Andrew H Shennan
OBJECTIVE: Late miscarriage and preterm birth are frequently thought to be associated with inflammation and infection, although in most cases the underlying cause of early delivery remains unknown. The placenta is the organ that links mother and fetus during pregnancy, and postnatal examination may provide useful information about pathophysiology. The relationship between placental pathological lesions and predictive markers of early delivery has not been explored. We sought to characterize preterm deliveries according to placental pathology and relate these to the performance of reliable predictive markers, fetal fibronectin and cervical length...
July 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489737/clinical-effect-of-montelukast-sodium-combined-with-inhaled-corticosteroids-in-the-treatment-of-osas-children
#14
Da-Zhi Yang, Jia Liang, Feng Zhang, Hong-Bing Yao, Yan Shu
This study was designed to investigate the clinical effect of montelukast sodium combined with inhaled corticosteroids in the treatment of children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).One hundred ninety-five children were enrolled and divided into 3 groups: groups A, B, and C; the group A (oral use of montelukast sodium), group B (nasal spray of mometasone furoate), and group C (oral use of montelukast sodium + nasal spray of mometasone furoate). Telephone questionnaire surveys were carried out. Polysomnography monitoring was performed and lateral x-ray radiographs of the cervical spine were taken before treatment and at 12 weeks after treatment...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481445/optimising-fertility-outcomes-for-women-with-early-stage-cervical-cancer-when-less-is-more
#15
E Tingi, E J Crosbie, G Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480132/osteology-of-galeamopus-pabsti-sp-nov-sauropoda-diplodocidae-with-implications-for-neurocentral-closure-timing-and-the-cervico-dorsal-transition-in-diplodocids
#16
Emanuel Tschopp, Octávio Mateus
Diplodocids are among the best known sauropod dinosaurs. Numerous specimens of currently 15 accepted species belonging to ten genera have been reported from the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous of North and South America, Europe, and Africa. The highest diversity is known from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of the western United States: a recent review recognized 12 valid, named species, and possibly three additional, yet unnamed ones. One of these is herein described in detail and referred to the genus Galeamopus...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475099/vaginal-examination-vs-cervical-length-which-is-superior-in-predicting-preterm-birth
#17
Merav Sharvit, Reut Weiss, Yael Ganor Paz, Keren Tzadikevitch Geffen, Netanella Danielli Miller, Tal Biron-Shental
OBJECTIVE: To compare the predictive value of preterm birth (PTB) by transvaginal sonographic cervical length (CL) measurement to digital examination of the cervix (Bishop score - BS), in patients with premature contractions (PC) and intact membranes. DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel. POPULATION: Women at 24-34 weeks of gestation who were hospitalized with PC and intact membranes...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451844/predictors-for-recurrent-persistent-high-grade-intraepithelial-lesions-and-cervical-stenosis-after-therapeutic-conization-a-retrospective-analysis-of-522-cases
#18
Yusuke Tanaka, Yutaka Ueda, Mamoru Kakuda, Satoshi Kubota, Satoko Matsuzaki, Tadashi Iwamiya, Akiko Okazawa, Shinya Matsuzaki, Kae Hashimoto, Eiji Kobayashi, Seiji Mabuchi, Kenjiro Sawada, Takuji Tomimatsu, Kiyoshi Yoshino, Tadashi Kimura
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to identify the risk factors associated with recurrent/persistent disease and cervical stenosis after conization. METHODS: Five hundred twenty-two (522) cases of high-grade intraepithelial lesions treated by conization were retrospectively reviewed. Risk factors associated with recurrent/persistent disease were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis using a Cox hazard regression model. Factors that could potentially affect the risk of cervical stenosis were examined by univariate and by multivariate analysis using the χ (2) test and logistic regression, respectively...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444241/cervical-spine-muscle-tendon-unit-length-differences-between-neutral-and-forward-head-postures-biomechanical-study-using-human-cadaveric-specimens
#19
Saeed Khayatzadeh, Olivia A Kalmanson, Dale Schuit, Robert M Havey, Leonard I Voronov, Alexander J Ghanayem, Avinash G Patwardhan
Background: Forward Head Posture (FHP) may be associated with neck pain and poor health-related quality of life. Literature describes only qualitative muscle length changes associated with FHP. Objective: To quantify how muscle-tendon unit lengths are altered when human cadaveric specimens are placed in alignments representing different severities of FHP. Design: Biomechanical study using 13 fresh-frozen cadaveric cervical spine specimens (Occiput-T1, 54±15yrs)...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429863/abdominal-vagus-nerve-stimulation-as-a-new-therapeutic-approach-to-prevent-postoperative-ileus
#20
N Stakenborg, A M Wolthuis, P J Gomez-Pinilla, G Farro, M Di Giovangiulio, G Bosmans, E Labeeuw, M Verhaegen, I Depoortere, A D'Hoore, G Matteoli, G E Boeckxstaens
BACKGROUND: Electrical stimulation of the cervical vagus nerve (VNS) prevents postoperative ileus (POI) in mice. As this approach requires an additional cervical procedure, we explored the possibility of peroperative abdominal VNS in mice and human. METHODS: The effect of cervical and abdominal VNS was studied in a murine model of POI and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis. Postoperative ileus was quantified by assessment of intestinal transit of fluorescent dextran expressed as geometric center (GC)...
April 21, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
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