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Cervical shortening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154955/relationship-of-stylohyoid-chain-and-cervical-internal-carotid-artery-detected-by-3d-angiography
#1
Cenk Eraslan, Mehmet Asim Ozer, Figen Govsa, Ahmet Kemal Alagoz, Cem Calli
OBJECTIVE: The calcification of the stylohyoid chain (SHC), elongated styloid process (SP), larger SP' angle and its shortened distance of cervical internal carotid artery (CICA) are risk factors for bony compression and the stylocarotid syndrome. METHODS: 3D-CTAs of 125 patients were analyzed in terms of the SP length, its angulations, type of the SHC and relationships of its proximity to the CICA. RESULTS: Elongated SP was observed frequently both in females (47%) and males (55%)...
February 2, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104982/mirna-133a-ucp2-pathway-regulates-inflammatory-bowel-disease-progress-by-influencing-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-energy-metabolism
#2
Xi Jin, Dong Chen, Ruo-Heng Zheng, Hong Zhang, Yi-Peng Chen, Zun Xiang
AIM: To investigate the role of the miR-133a-UCP2 pathway in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to explore the potential downstream mechanisms with respect to inflammation, oxidative stress and energy metabolism. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were fed dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) liquid for 7 consecutive days, followed by the administration of saline to the DSS group, UCP2 siRNA to the UCP2 group and a miR-133a mimic to the miR-133a group on days 8 and 11...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103952/the-interaction-between-vaginal-microbiota-cervical-length-and-vaginal-progesterone-treatment-for-preterm-birth-risk
#3
Lindsay M Kindinger, Phillip R Bennett, Yun S Lee, Julian R Marchesi, Ann Smith, Stefano Cacciatore, Elaine Holmes, Jeremy K Nicholson, T G Teoh, David A MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the primary cause of infant death worldwide. A short cervix in the second trimester of pregnancy is a risk factor for preterm birth. In specific patient cohorts, vaginal progesterone reduces this risk. Using 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we undertook a prospective study in women at risk of preterm birth (n = 161) to assess (1) the relationship between vaginal microbiota and cervical length in the second trimester and preterm birth risk and (2) the impact of vaginal progesterone on vaginal bacterial communities in women with a short cervix...
January 19, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096028/a-psychometric-examination-of-an-instrument-to-measure-the-dimensions-of-champion-s-health-belief-model-scales-for-cervical-cancer-screening-in-women-living-with-hiv
#4
Crystal L Chapman Lambert, Andres Azuero, Comfort C Enah, Susan C McMillan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper was to examine the psychometric properties of Champion's Health Belief Model Scales for cervical cancer and screening among women living with HIV. METHODS: A secondary data analysis was conducted using data from an exploratory cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of 300 women living with HIV receiving care at two HIV ambulatory care clinics in Florida. A 39-item adaptation of the Champion's Health Belief Model Scales was administered via paper and pencil...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040666/post-mortem-ct-evaluation-of-atlanto-occipital-dissociation
#5
Mohammed Madadin, Ravindra Priyalal Samaranayake, Chris O'Donnell, Stephen Cordner
Atlanto-occipital dissociation injury is an important injury in forensic pathology practice. Radiological diagnosis of atlanto-occipital dissociation clinically is assessed by direct measurement of occipito-vertebral skeletal relationships. Different measurements may be used to diagnose atlanto-occipital dissociation, including the basion-dens interval (BDI) and basion-axial interval (BAI). It is not known whether the normal ante-mortem measurements of BDI and BAI described in the literature are applicable to post-mortem CT images of the occipito-cervical junction (OCJ) or whether these measurements could be affected by early post-mortem changes...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032181/transcardiac-migration-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-requiring-open-cardiac-surgery-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Ashley Ralston, Amanda Johnson, Gerhard Ziemer, David M Frim
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac migration of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts has been reported, with most easily removed or shortened via a cervical incision. We present a review of the literature, highlighting our unique case with significant scarring requiring open, on-pump, cardiac surgery for removal of migrated distal tubing. CASE PRESENTATION: A 7-year-old boy underwent VP shunt insertion for hydrocephalus secondary to intracranial astrocytoma. He presented at age 17 with evidence of right heart strain, associated with the distal shunt catheter proximally migrated into his heart and pulmonary arteries...
December 28, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029460/-predictive-tools-of-preterm-birth-in-asymptomatic-high-risk-pregnancy
#7
J Blanc, F Bretelle
OBJECTIVE: Describe tools designed to predict preterm birth in asymptomatic high-risk pregnancy and determine their predictive value. METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: Obstetric history particularly spontaneous preterm birth identifies a population at risk for preterm birth for the current pregnancy (LE3). This risk is related to the number of prior preterm birth and is even higher than the term of the prior event is more premature and that the event concerns the last pregnancy (LE3)...
October 29, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028970/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-difficulties-in-carotid-body-paragangliomas-based-on-clinical-experience-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
Karolina Dorobisz, Tadeusz Dorobisz, Hanna Temporale, Tomasz Zatoński, Marzena Kubacka, Mariusz Chabowski, Andrzej Dorobisz, Tomasz Kręcicki, Dariusz Janczak
BACKGROUND: Paragangliomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors, representing 0.03% of all tumors. Half of them develop in the head and neck, and among these 50% are sporadic cervical tumors. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to carry out an epidemiological and clinical analysis of paraganglioma patients diagnosed and treated at the authors' clinics between 1985 and 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical data of 47 patients were analyzed. All the patients were qualified for surgery...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027174/anatomy-of-the-platysma-muscle
#9
Kun Hwang, Ji Yeon Kim, Jae Hyun Lim
The aim of this paper was to review the anatomy the platysma systematically.The term "platysma AND anatomy" was used to search PubMed and Scopus, producing 394 and 214 papers, respectively. After excluding 95 duplicate titles, 513 abstracts and 98 full papers were reviewed. Among these 98 papers, 83 were excluded and 5 were added. Ultimately, 20 papers were analyzed.The most common aging-related change of the platysma was shortening (70.7%), followed by thinning (25.2%). The platysma most commonly originated from the upper portion of thorax anterior to clavicle (67...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002621/acupuncture-and-acupressure-in-labor
#10
REVIEW
Judith M Schlaeger, Elizabeth M Gabzdyl, Jeanie L Bussell, Nobuari Takakura, Hiroyoshi Yajima, Miho Takayama, Diana J Wilkie
Acupuncture and acupressure, 2 modalities of Traditional Chinese Medicine, are based on reducing pain and symptoms of disease through balancing yin and yang. Acupuncture and acupressure have been used in China for reduction of labor pain, labor augmentation, and other intrapartum indications for more than 2 millennia. This article presents a review of the current literature that has addressed the effects of acupuncture and acupressure on intrapartum events. Studies of acupuncture have demonstrated that acupuncture may reduce labor pain, the use of pharmacologic agents, the use of forceps and vacuum-assisted births, and the length of labor...
January 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994775/addressing-stretch-myelopathy-in-multilevel-cervical-kyphosis-with-posterior-surgery-using-cervical-pedicle-screws
#11
Bijjawara Mahesh, Bidre Upendra, Shekarappa Vijay, Kumar Arun, Reddy Srinivasa
STUDY DESIGN: Technique description and retrospective data analysis. PURPOSE: To describe the technique of cervical kyphosis correction with partial facetectomies and evaluate the outcome of single-stage posterior decompression and kyphosis correction in multilevel cervical myelopathy. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Kyphosis correction in multilevel cervical myelopathy involves anterior and posterior surgery. With the advent of cervical pedicle screw-rod instrumentation, single-stage posterior kyphosis correction is feasible and can address stretch myelopathy by posterior shortening...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994329/bypass-operation-for-unresectable-esophageal-cancer-postoperative-complications-after-thoracotomy-versus-no-thoracotomy
#12
Masahiro Kimura
Patients with unresectable esophageal cancer suffer from dysphagia, causing severe malnutrition and reduced quality of life (QOL). We elect to perform bypass because patients can have greater long-term survival with chemoradiation following this operation. We sought to compare complications in cases of bypass without thoracotomy versus those with thoracotomy. Thirty-four locally advanced esophageal cancer patients between 2007 and 2014 were studied. Eighteen patients underwent thoracotomy, and 16 patients did not have a thoracotomy...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992933/sonographic-cervical-shortening-after-labor-induction-is-a-predictor-of-vaginal-delivery
#13
Ugo Indraccolo, Gennaro Scutiero, Pantaleo Greco
Objective Analyzing if the sonographic evaluation of the cervix (cervical shortening) is a prognostic marker for vaginal delivery. Methods Women who underwent labor induction by using dinoprostone were enrolled. Before the induction and three hours after it, the cervical length was measured by ultrasonography to obtain the cervical shortening. The cervical shortening was introduced in logistic regression models among independent variables and for calculating receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves...
December 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922187/tomentosin-induces-telomere-shortening-and-caspase-dependant-apoptosis-in-cervical-cancer-cells
#14
Nawel Merghoub, Hassan El Btaouri, Laila Benbacer, Saïd Gmouh, Chantal Trentesaux, Bertrand Brassart, Mohammed Attaleb, Claudie Madoulet, Thomas Wenner, Saaid Amzazi, Hamid Morjani, Mohamed El Mzibri
Tomentosin, a natural sesquiterpene lactone purified from of Inula viscosa L., was investigated for its anti-proliferative, telomere shortening, and apoptotic effects on human cervical cancer HeLa and SiHa cell lines. Tomentosin was found to inhibit the growth of SiHa and HeLa cell lines in dose and time-dependent manner (IC50 values of 7.10 ± 0.78 μM and 5.87 ± 0.36 μM, respectively after 96 h of treatment). As evidenced by TTAGGG telomere length assay, tomentosin target specifically the telomeric overhang lengthening...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904309/robot-assisted-abdominal-cerclage-during-pregnancy
#15
Burak Zeybek, Amanda Hill, Gulden Menderes, Mostafa A Borahay, Masoud Azodi, Gokhan Sami Kilic
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cervical insufficiency is a difficult condition to diagnose and can lead to preterm birth, miscarriage, or perinatal infant morbidity and mortality. We conducted this retrospective case study and literature review to evaluate the safety and efficacy of robot-assisted abdominal cerclage during pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a case series and a systematic review that included patients who underwent robot-assisted abdominal cerclage during pregnancy from January 2010 through March 2016...
October 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903087/two-cervical-preparation-regimens-prior-to-surgical-abortion-at-10-14-weeks-of-gestation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Qingyun Guo, Zhida Qian, Lili Huang
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine whether same-day cervical preparation with an osmotic dilator and misoprostol was as effective and safe as overnight cervical preparation for surgical abortions at 10-14 weeks. METHODS: Seventy women seeking surgical abortion at 10-14 weeks were allocated to receive one osmotic dilator 16-17 h or 6-7 h prior to an abortion. All women received misoprostol 400 μg orally 2 h before the abortion. RESULTS: The abortion time of the same-day group was 7...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844147/acute-ivabradine-treatment-reduces-heart-rate-without-increasing-atrial-fibrillation-inducibility-irrespective-of-underlying-vagal-activity-in-dogs
#17
Kazunori Uemura, Masashi Inagaki, Can Zheng, Toru Kawada, Meihua Li, Masafumi Fukumitsu, Masaru Sugimachi
Ivabradine, a bradycardic agent, has been shown to stably reduce patient's heart rate (HR) in the setting of acute cardiac care. However, an association between atrial fibrillation (AF) risk and acute ivabradine treatment remains a controversial clinical issue, and has not been thoroughly investigated. Bradycardia and abnormal atrial refractoriness induced by ivabradine treatment may enhance vulnerability to AF induction, especially when vagal nerve is concurrently activated. We aimed to experimentally investigate the effects of acute ivabradine treatment with/without concurrent vagal activation on AF inducibility...
November 14, 2016: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806772/-endoscopic-thyroid-surgery-the-past-the-present-and-the-future
#18
P Wang, Q Z Zhao
Thyroid diseases are much more common in women than in men. The traditional open thyroidectomy brings almost patients significant visible scars in the anterior neck. The demand for cosmesis after surgery promotes the occurrence and development of endoscopic techniques. Various endoscopic techniques were designed to minimize the visible scar and promote the rehabilitation after surgery. In order to achieve these, two distinct ideas have developed. One is committed to shorten the length of surgical incision as much as possible...
November 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746413/characterization-of-inflammatory-responses-by-cervical-cytology-cytokine-expression-and-ultrastructure-changes-in-a-goat-subclinical-endometritis-model
#19
Chunyan Shao, Heng Wang, Xiaodu Wang, Sheng Jiang, Jing Sun, Houhui Song, Jianji Li
Endometritis is a common puerperal disease in livestock. Thus, a practical clinical test for the establishment of diagnosis is needed. We developed a goat model for subclinical endometritis diagnosis by examining cytological, ultrastructural features and molecular expression in cervical discharge collected by cervical cytobrush method. A suspension of E. coli was infused into the uterine horn of goats, and cervical discharge, peripheral blood and endomertrial biopsy samples were collected before inoculation and at 3, 6, 12, 24, 72, 120 and 168 hr post-inoculation (pi)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741189/prenatally-diagnosed-vasa-previa-a-single-institution-series-of-96-cases
#20
Val Catanzarite, Larry Cousins, Sean Daneshmand, Wade Schwendemann, Holly Casele, Joanna Adamczak, Tevy Tith, Ami Patel
OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes for a large cohort of women with prenatally diagnosed vasa previa, determine the percentage in patients without risk factors, and compare delivery timing and indications for singletons and twins. METHODS: This was a retrospective case series of women with prenatally diagnosed vasa previa delivered at a single tertiary center over 12 years. Potential participants were identified using hospital records and perinatal databases. Patients were included if vasa previa was confirmed at delivery and by pathologic examination...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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