keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cervical shortening

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215519/foley-plus-oxytocin-compared-with-oxytocin-for-induction-after-membrane-rupture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
A Dhanya Mackeen, Danielle E Durie, Monique Lin, Christopher K Huls, Emma Qureshey, Michael J Paglia, Haiyan Sun, Anthony Sciscione
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of a transcervical Foley catheter plus oxytocin infusion compared with oxytocin infusion alone for labor induction and cervical ripening in women 34 weeks of gestation or greater with prelabor rupture of membranes. METHODS: This is a randomized, multicenter trial of women with a live, singleton gestation at 34 weeks of gestation or greater with prelabor rupture of membranes, an unfavorable cervical examination (less than 2 cm or 80% effaced), and no contraindication to labor...
December 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215514/misoprostol-with-foley-bulb-compared-with-misoprostol-alone-for-cervical-ripening-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Zainab Al-Ibraheemi, Lois Brustman, Brianne E Bimson, Natalie Porat, Barak Rosenn
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that cervical ripening using a combination of misoprostol and a transcervical Foley bulb leads to delivery within a shorter time compared with misoprostol alone. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was offered to women admitted for cervical ripening. Inclusion criteria were gestational age 37 weeks or greater with intact membranes, singleton fetus, cephalic presentation, and Bishop score 6 or less. Exclusion criteria included, among others, prior uterine surgery, ruptured membranes, and any contraindication to vaginal delivery...
December 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189717/telomere-shortening-in-hematological-malignancies-with-tetraploidization-a-mechanism-for-chromosomal-instability
#3
Eigil Kjeldsen
Aneuploidy, the presence of an abnormal number of chromosomes in a cell, is one of the most obvious differences between normal and cancer cells. There is, however, debate on how aneuploid cells arise and whether or not they are a cause or a consequence of tumorigenesis. Further, it is important to distinguish aneuploidy (the "state" of the karyotype) from chromosomal instability (CIN; the "rate" of karyotypic change). Although CIN leads to aneuploidy, not all aneuploid cells exhibit CIN. One proposed route to aneuploid cells is through an unstable tetraploid intermediate because tetraploidy promotes chromosomal aberrations and tumorigenesis...
November 30, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181097/stomatin-like-protein-2-is-overexpressed-in-cervical-cancer-and-involved-in-tumor-cell-apoptosis
#4
Huan Deng, Yongjian Deng, Feiye Liu, Jie Chen, Zheng Li, Kelei Zhao, Xiaoqian Guan, Weijiang Liang
Stomatin-like protein 2 (SLP-2) is overexpressed in numerous types of human cancer and previous studies revealed that SLP-2 may function in mitochondria. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the expression of SLP-2 in cervical cancer and the association between SLP-2 expression and clinical features, in addition to investigating the role of SLP-2 in the apoptosis of cervical cancer cells. The expression profile of SLP-2 was determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting and immunohistochemical staining...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160145/the-graded-and-redefined-assessment-of-strength-sensibility-and-prehension-grassp-version-2-provides-interval-measure-properties
#5
Inge-Marie Velstra, Carolina Saskia Fellinghauer, Rainer Frank Abel, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, Rüdiger Rupp, Armin Curt
The GRASSP is a valid, reliable and responsive outcome measure to evaluate upper limb function in individuals with tetraplegia. GRASSP generates ordinal total scores; thus, applicability as an interval level measurement requires testing of its measurement properties. Therefore, this study examined the metric characteristics with Rasch analysis to derive interval level scales of the respective GRASSP subtests. The GRASSP was recorded within 10 days, at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after cervical spinal cord injury (SCI)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133152/laparoscopic-assisted-uterus-retrieval-from-live-organ-donors-for-uterine-transplant
#6
Shailesh Puntambekar, Milind Telang, Pankaj Kulkarni, Sanjeev Jadhav, Ravindra Sathe, Neeta Warty, Seema Puntambekar, Sandesh Kade, Mangesh Panse, Nikhil Agarkhedkar, Giriraj Gandhi, Manoj Manchekar, Hirav Parekh, Kajal Parikh, Riddhi Desai, Mehul Mehta, Mihir Chitale, Sambit Nanda
OBJECTIVE: The authors present the first ever laparoscopic assisted uterus retrieval in live donor for uterus transplant. DESIGN: A step-by-step surgical demonstration SETTING: Galaxy CARE Laparoscopy Institute, Pune, India PATIENT(S): Two patients, ages 21 and 26 with Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser (MRKH) syndrome and Ashermann's syndrome respectively, with their mothers as donors. INTERVENTION(S): A Twelve member team was formed. After review of available literature on uterine transplant a protocol was formulated and submitted to the IRB...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117757/the-effect-of-prenatal-vaginal-progesterone-on-cervical-length-in-nonselected-twin-pregnancies
#7
Isabela K R Agra, Mário H B Carvalho, Wagner R Hernandez, Rossana P V Francisco, Marcelo Zugaib, Maria L Brizot
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of vaginal progesterone on cervical length (CL) in asymptomatic nonselected twin gestations. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of twin pregnancies exposed to vaginal progesterone or placebo. The CL was examined at six different time periods: 18-21+6 weeks (T1), 21-23+6 weeks (T2), 24-26+6 weeks (T3), 27-29+6 weeks (T4), 30-32+6 weeks (T5) and 33-34+6 weeks (T6)...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115416/annexin-a2-and-cancer-a-systematic-review
#8
Maria V Christensen, Claus K Høgdall, Kirsten M Jochumsen, Estrid V S Høgdall
Annexin A2 is a 36-kDa protein interfering with multiple cellular processes especially in cancer progression. The present review aimed to show the relations between Annexin A2 and cancer. A systematic search for studies investigating cancer and Annexin A2 expression was conducted using PubMed. Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, acute promyelocytic leukaemia, clear cell renal cell carcinoma, breast, cervical, colorectal, endometrial, gastric cancer, glioblastoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, lung, multiple myeloma, oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma, ovarian cancer, pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma, prostate cancer and urothelial carcinoma were evaluated...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110218/cervical-sagittal-balance-a-biomechanical-perspective-can-help-clinical-practice
#9
REVIEW
Avinash G Patwardhan, Saeed Khayatzadeh, Robert M Havey, Leonard I Voronov, Zachary A Smith, Olivia Kalmanson, Alexander J Ghanayem, William Sears
PURPOSE: In this article, we summarize our work on understanding the influence of cervical sagittal malalignment on the mechanics of the cervical spine. METHODS: Biomechanical studies were performed using an ex vivo laboratory model to study the kinematic and kinetic response of human cervical spine specimens in the setting of cervical sagittal imbalance. The model allowed controlled variations of C2-C7 Sagittal Vertical Alignment (C2-C7 SVA) and T1-Slope so that clinically relevant sagittally malaligned profiles could be prescribed, while maintaining horizontal gaze, and their biomechanical consequences studied...
November 6, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105463/-moxibustion-improves-learning-ability-by-regulating-hippocampal-neurotrophic-factor-expression-and-notch-signaling-in-vascular-dementia-rats
#10
Ying Wang, Sheng-Chao Cai, Xiao-Ge Song, Wan-Li Zhu, Kun Yang, Jian-Jian Qian, Nuo-Nuo Ding
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of moxibustion on the learning ability and expression of neurotrophic factors and Notch signaling in vascular dementia (VD) rats, so as to explore its neurogenesis mechanism underlying improvement of VD. METHODS: Sixty SD rats were equally and randomly divided into sham operation (sham), model, medication and moxibustion groups (n=15 rats/group). The VD model was established by occlusion of the bilateral cervical common arteries and reperfusion...
October 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024409/the-natural-agent-rhein-induces-%C3%AE-catenin-degradation-and-tumour-growth-arrest
#11
Shu Liu, Jiao Wang, Ting Shao, Peiying Song, Qingbin Kong, Hui Hua, Ting Luo, Yangfu Jiang
The natural agent rhein is an ananthraquinone derivative of rhubarb, which has anticancer effects. To determine the mechanisms underlying the anticancer effects of rhein, we detected the effect of rhein on several oncoproteins. Here, we show that rhein induces β-catenin degradation in both hepatoma cell HepG2 and cervical cancer cell Hela. Treatment of HepG2 and Hela cells with rhein shortens the half-life of β-catenin. The proteasome inhibitor MG132 blunts the downregulation of β-catenin by rhein. The induction of β-catenin degradation by rhein is dependent on GSK3 but independent of Akt...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951638/non-parallel-screw-fixation-for-femoral-neck-fractures-in-young-adults
#12
Sherif Galal, Mohamed Nagy
INTRODUCTION: Current literature shows divergence of views regarding screws positioning in femoral neck fractures fixation. The goal of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of divergent screw fixation for fracture neck of femur (NOF). METHODS: The study was conducted at an academic Level 1 Trauma Center. This is a retrospective study conducted from October 2013 to October 2016. The study included 41 patients (33 males, 8 females) suffering from fracture NOF who were fixed using BDSF technique (26 within 24 h...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946528/pnf-and-manual-therapy-treatment-results-of-patients-with-cervical-spine-osteoarthritis
#13
Tomasz Maicki, Jan Bilski, Elżbieta Szczygieł, Rafał Trąbka
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of PNF and manual therapy methods in the treatment of patients with cervical spine osteoarthritis, especially their efficacy in reducing pain and improving functionality in everyday life. Long-term results were also compared in order to determine which method of treatment is more effective. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighty randomly selected females aged 45-65 were included in the study. They were randomly divided into two groups of 40 persons...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935263/predicting-preterm-birth-cervical-length-and-fetal-fibronectin
#14
REVIEW
Moeun Son, Emily S Miller
Spontaneous preterm birth remains the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide, and accounts for a significant global health burden. Several obstetric strategies to screen for spontaneous preterm delivery, such as cervical length and fetal fibronectin measurement, have emerged. However, the effectiveness of these strategies relies on their ability to accurately predict those pregnancies at increased risk for spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB). Transvaginal cervical shortening is predictive of preterm birth and when coupled with appropriate preterm birth prevention strategies, has been associated with reductions in SPTB in asymptomatic women with a singleton gestation...
September 18, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901007/pharmacological-and-mechanical-interventions-for-labour-induction-in-outpatient-settings
#15
REVIEW
Joshua P Vogel, Alfred O Osoti, Anthony J Kelly, Stefania Livio, Jane E Norman, Zarko Alfirevic
BACKGROUND: Induction of labour is carried out for a variety of indications and using a range of methods. For women at low risk of pregnancy complications, some methods of induction of labour or cervical ripening may be suitable for use in outpatient settings. OBJECTIVES: To examine pharmacological and mechanical interventions to induce labour or ripen the cervix in outpatient settings in terms of effectiveness, maternal satisfaction, healthcare costs and, where information is available, safety...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880409/the-rate-of-cervical-length-shortening-in-the-management-of-vasa-previa
#16
Ron Maymon, Yaakov Melcer, Josef Tovbin, Marina Pekar-Zlotin, Noam Smorgick, Eric Jauniaux
OBJECTIVES: There is no consensus about the optimal surveillance strategy in women with a diagnosis of vasa previa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the rate of change in cervical length measurements in the management of singleton pregnancies with a diagnosis of vasa previa. METHODS: We performed a retrospective case-control study of our databases for pregnancies with a prenatal diagnosis of vasa previa that were followed with transvaginal sonography for cervical length and evaluated the impact of the changes in cervical length on the need for emergency cesarean delivery...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857251/hospital-admission-for-hyperemesis-gravidarum-in-women-at-increased-risk-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#17
Ira Kleine, Ana Da Silva, Wafaa Ahmed, Frida Forya, Sara M Whitten, Anna L David, Catherine P James
BACKGROUND: Progesterone administration prevents spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) in women at increased risk. Progesterone concentration is lower in women with subsequent sPTB. Conversely, high concentrations of progesterone are implicated in the pathogenesis of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). We hypothesized that women at increased risk of sPTB or spontaneous late miscarriage would be less likely to have a diagnosis of HG. To explore this hypothesis, we compared the incidence of HG in women at increased risk of sPTB and women with no identifiable risk factors...
August 30, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829510/clinical-outcomes-after-resectoscopic-treatment-of-cesarean-induced-isthmocele-a-prospective-case-control-study
#18
L Muzii, L Domenici, F Lecce, M Di Feliciantonio, R Frantellizzi, C Marchetti, M Monti, P Benedetti Panici
OBJECTIVE: Isthmocele represents a reservoir on the anterior wall of the uterine isthmus or of the cervical canal at the site of a previous cesarean delivery scar. Recently, it has been clarified that it might be the cause of several gynecologic symptoms, as most common abnormal uterine bleeding. Hysteroscopy and trans-vaginal ultrasound are considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of this defect. Resectoscopic treatment can be considered effective in small size defects, but no randomized clinical trials are available...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819680/quantitative-approach-to-the-posterior-cranial-fossa-and-craniocervical-junction-in-asymptomatic-children-with-achondroplasia
#19
Rosalinda Calandrelli, Marco Panfili, Gabriella D'Apolito, Giuseppe Zampino, Alessandro Pedicelli, Fabio Pilato, Cesare Colosimo
PURPOSE: We propose an magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based quantitative morphovolumetric approach to the posterior cranial fossa (PCF) and craniocervical junction (CCJ) changes in achondroplastic patients investigating possible associations with ventriculomegaly and medullary compression. METHODS: We analyzed MRI of 13 achondroplastic children not treated by surgery. 3D FSPGR T1-weighted images were used to analyze (1) PCF synchondroses; (2) PCF volume (PCFV), PCF brain volume (PCFBV), PCFV/PCFBV ratio, cerebellar volume, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) spaces volume, and IV ventricle volume; (3) PCF (clivus, supraocciput, exocciput lengths, tentorial angle) and CCJ (AP and LL diameters of foramen magnum (FM)) morphometry; (4) measurements of FM and jugular foramina (JF) areas; and (5) supratentorial ventricular volume...
October 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779925/effects-of-low-back-massage-on-perceived-birth-pain-and-satisfaction
#20
Seda Unalmis Erdogan, Emre Yanikkerem, Asli Goker
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of low back massage on perceived birth pain and delivery. METHOD: This study was designed as a study-control experimental type. The study sample consisted of 62 pregnant women (massage group = 31, control group = 31). Massage was applied to the study group in three phases during intrapartum period. The massages were done at the end of latent, active and transition phases (at cervical dilatation 3-4 cm, 5-7 cm, 8-10 cm) correspondingly...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
96292
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"