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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789735/the-use-of-visual-thinking-strategies-and-art-to-help-nurses-find-their-voices
#1
Margaret Moorman
Health care is increasingly complex, as nurses navigate working in teams and conveying critical information to others. Clear communication and accuracy are critical for nurses because they communicate to patients and other members of the health care team. Art, and more specifically, Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS), are ways for nurses to practice communication and clear articulation of ideas. VTS also allows nurses to explore finding their voices and working with others to provide safe and effective communication among the team, including patients and their families...
August 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783781/plastic-biofilm-carrier-after-corn-cobs-reduces-nitrate-loading-in-laboratory-denitrifying-bioreactors
#2
Gary W Feyereisen, Laura E Christianson, Thomas B Moorman, Rodney T Venterea, Jeffrey A Coulter
Nitrate-nitrogen (nitrate-N) removal rates can be increased substantially in denitrifying bioreactors with a corn ( L.) cob bed medium compared with woodchips; however, additional organic carbon (C) is released into the effluent. This laboratory column experiment was conducted to test the performance of a postbed chamber of inert plastic biofilm carrier (PBC) after corn cobs (CC) to extend the area of biofilm colonization, enhance nitrate-N removal, lower total organic C losses, and reduce nitrous oxide (NO) production at warm (15...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771487/cardiorespiratory-dynamics-measured-from-continuous-ecg-monitoring-improves-detection-of-deterioration-in-acute-care-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Travis J Moss, Matthew T Clark, James Forrest Calland, Kyle B Enfield, John D Voss, Douglas E Lake, J Randall Moorman
BACKGROUND: Charted vital signs and laboratory results represent intermittent samples of a patient's dynamic physiologic state and have been used to calculate early warning scores to identify patients at risk of clinical deterioration. We hypothesized that the addition of cardiorespiratory dynamics measured from continuous electrocardiography (ECG) monitoring to intermittently sampled data improves the predictive validity of models trained to detect clinical deterioration prior to intensive care unit (ICU) transfer or unanticipated death...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759694/doctorate-of-nursing-practice-students-impressions-of-uses-for-visual-thinking-strategies
#4
Desiree Hensel, Margaret Moorman
Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS) is a structured art-viewing technique designed to teach critical thinking and aesthetic appreciation. Literature on how VTS might be used in nursing is just emerging. This qualitative descriptive study examined written responses to how 14 doctorate of nursing practice students thought they might use VTS in their practice after engaging in a classroom session. Three themes emerged for how nurses might use VTS: Facilitating Interpersonal Relationships, Changing Thinking in Practice, and As a Teaching Tool...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753742/stress-facilitates-the-development-of-cognitive-dysfunction-after-chronic-ethanol-exposure
#5
Ellen M Rodberg, Carolina R den Hartog, Rachel I Anderson, Howard C Becker, David E Moorman, Elena M Vazey
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to stress or alcohol can drive neuroadaptations that alter cognition. Alterations in cognition may contribute to alcohol use disorders by reducing cognitive control over drinking and maintenance of abstinence. Here we examined effects of combined ethanol (EtOH) and stress exposure on prefrontal cortex (PFC)-dependent cognition. METHODS: Adult male C57BL/6J mice were trained to drink EtOH (15%, v/v) on a 1 h/d 1-bottle schedule. Once stable, mice were exposed to cycles of chronic intermittent EtOH (CIE) or air-control vapor exposure (Air), followed by test cycles of 1 h/d EtOH drinking...
July 28, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751678/morpho-functional-characterization-of-the-systemic-venous-pole-of-the-reptile-heart
#6
Bjarke Jensen, Signe Vesterskov, Bastiaan J Boukens, Jan M Nielsen, Antoon F M Moorman, Vincent M Christoffels, Tobias Wang
Mammals evolved from reptile-like ancestors, and while the mammalian heart is driven by a distinct sinus node, a sinus node is not apparent in reptiles. We characterized the myocardial systemic venous pole, the sinus venosus, in reptiles to identify the dominant pacemaker and to assess whether the sinus venosus remodels and adopts an atrium-like phenotype as observed in mammals. Anolis lizards had an extensive sinus venosus of myocardium expressing Tbx18. A small sub-population of cells encircling the sinuatrial junction expressed Isl1, Bmp2, Tbx3, and Hcn4, homologues of genes marking the mammalian sinus node...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747508/mutations-in-the-e2-glycoprotein-and-the-3-untranslated-region-enhance-chikungunya-virus-virulence-in-mice
#7
David W Hawman, Kathryn S Carpentier, Julie M Fox, Nicholas A May, Wes Sanders, Stephanie A Montgomery, Nathaniel J Moorman, Michael S Diamond, Thomas E Morrison
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted alphavirus that causes debilitating musculoskeletal pain and inflammation and can persist for months to years after acute infection. Although studies in humans and experimentally-infected animals suggest that CHIKV infection persists in musculoskeletal tissues, the mechanisms for this remain poorly understood. To evaluate this further, we isolated CHIKV from the serum of persistently infected Rag1(-/-) mice at day 28. When inoculated into naïve WT mice, this persistently circulating CHIKV strain displayed a capacity for earlier dissemination and greater pathogenicity compared with the parental virus...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737649/race-age-and-geography-impact-hepatitis-c-genotype-distribution-in-the-united-states
#8
Stuart C Gordon, Sheri Trudeau, Jia Li, Yueren Zhou, Loralee B Rupp, Scott D Holmberg, Anne C Moorman, Philip R Spradling, Eyasu Teshale, Joseph A Boscarino, Yihe G Daida, Mark A Schmidt, Mei Lu
GOALS: To determine the impact of geography and patient characteristics on hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype and subtype distribution in a large sample of patients under routine clinical care BACKGROUND:: HCV genotype impacts disease course and response to treatment. Although several studies have reported genotype distribution within specific US populations, there are no comprehensive descriptions in large, geographically diverse cohorts. STUDY: Using data from the Chronic Hepatitis Cohort Study, we present the distribution of HCV genotypes (GT) and subtypes (ST) among a racially diverse cohort of over 8000 HCV-infected patients from four large US health systems...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684571/complete-genome-sequences-of-15-chikungunya-virus-isolates-from-puerto-rico
#9
Wes A Sanders, Kristin Long, Brenda Rivera, Heather A Vincent, Mark T Heise, Jose F Rodriguez-Orengo, Nathaniel J Moorman
Here, we report the complete genome sequences of 15 chikungunya virus strains isolated from human plasma from infected patients in Puerto Rico. The results show that currently circulating chikungunya strains in Puerto Rico are closely related.
July 6, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671850/in-vivo-tibial-cartilage-strains-in-regions-of-cartilage-to-cartilage-contact-and-cartilage-to-meniscus-contact-in-response-to-walking
#10
Betty Liu, Nimit K Lad, Amber T Collins, Pramodh K Ganapathy, Gangadhar M Utturkar, Amy L McNulty, Charles E Spritzer, Claude T Moorman, E Grant Sutter, William E Garrett, Louis E DeFrate
BACKGROUND: There are currently limited human in vivo data characterizing the role of the meniscus in load distribution within the tibiofemoral joint. Purpose/Hypothesis: To compare the strains experienced in regions of articular cartilage covered by the meniscus to regions of cartilage not covered by the meniscus. We hypothesized that in response to walking, tibial cartilage covered by the meniscus would experience lower strains than uncovered tibial cartilage. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659485/cytomegalovirus-late-protein-pul31-alters-pre-rrna-expression-and-nuclear-organization-during-infection
#11
Kristen N Westdorp, Andrea Sand, Nathaniel J Moorman, Scott S Terhune
The replication cycle of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) leads to drastic reorganization of domains in the host cell nucleus. However, the mechanisms involved and how these domains contribute to infection are not well understood. Our recent studies defining the CMV-induced nuclear proteome identified several viral proteins of unknown functions including a protein encoded by the UL31 gene. We set out to define the role of UL31 in CMV replication. UL31 is predicted to encode a 74 kDa protein, referred to as pUL31, containing a bi-partite nuclear localization signal, an intrinsically disordered region overlapping with arginine-rich motifs, and a C-terminal dUTPase-like structure...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642746/virucidal-activity-of-fogged-chlorine-dioxide-and-hydrogen-peroxide-based-disinfectants-against-human-norovirus-and-its-surrogate-feline-calicivirus-on-hard-to-reach-surfaces
#12
Naim Montazeri, Clyde Manuel, Eric Moorman, Janak R Khatiwada, Leonard L Williams, Lee-Ann Jaykus
Human norovirus (NoV) is the leading cause of foodborne illnesses in the United States. Norovirus is shed in high numbers in the feces and vomitous of infected individuals. Contact surfaces contaminated with bodily fluids harboring infectious virus particles serve as vehicles for pathogen transmission. Environmental stability of NoV and its resistance to many conventional disinfectants necessitate effective inactivation strategies to control the spread of virus. We investigated the efficacy of two commercial disinfectants, hydrogen peroxide (7...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636782/changing-trends-in-complications-of-chronic-hepatitis-c
#13
Mei Lu, Jia Li, Loralee B Rupp, Yueren Zhou, Scott D Holmberg, Anne C Moorman, Philip R Spradling, Eyasu H Teshale, Joseph A Boscarino, Yihe G Daida, Mark A Schmidt, Sheri Trudeau, Stuart C Gordon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related complications have increased over the past decade. METHODS: We used join-point regression modelling to investigate trends in these complications from 2006 to 2015, and the impact of demographics on these trends. Using data from the Chronic Hepatitis Cohort Study (CHeCS), we identified points at which the trend significantly changed, and estimated the annual percent change (APC) in rates of cirrhosis, decompensated cirrhosis and all-cause mortality, adjusted by race, sex and age...
June 21, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622217/an-ejection-fraction-measurement-for-the-masses
#14
J Randall Moorman, Douglas E Lake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600317/efficacy-of-neutral-electrolyzed-water-for-inactivation-of-human-norovirus
#15
Eric Moorman, Naim Montazeri, Lee-Ann Jaykus
Human norovirus (NoV) is the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide. Persistence on surfaces and resistance to many conventional disinfectants contribute to widespread transmission of norovirus. We examined the efficacy of neutral electrolyzed water (NEW; pH 7) for inactivation of human NoV GII.4 Sydney in suspension (ASTM method 1052-11) and on stainless steel surfaces (ASTM method 1053-11) with and without an additional soil load. The impact of the disinfectant on viral capsid was assessed using reverse transcriptase quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR; with an RNase pretreatment), SDS-PAGE, transmission electron microscopy, and a histo-blood group antigen (HBGA) receptor-binding assay...
August 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590325/uptake-of-and-factors-associated-with-direct-acting-antiviral-therapy-among-patients-in-the-chronic-hepatitis-cohort-study-2014-to-2015
#16
Philip R Spradling, Jian Xing, Loralee B Rupp, Anne C Moorman, Stuart C Gordon, Mei Lu, Eyasu H Teshale, Joseph A Boscarino, Mark A Schmidt, Yihe G Daida, Scott D Holmberg
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available describing the uptake of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among patients in general US health care settings. We determined the proportion of HCV-infected patients in the Chronic Hepatitis Cohort Study prescribed DAAs in 2014, who initiated treatment and identified characteristics associated with treatment initiation. METHODS: Uptake was defined as the proportion of HCV-infected patients with at least 1 clinical encounter in 2013 who were prescribed a DAA regimen during 2014 and initiated the regimen by August 2015...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570827/race-menopausal-hormone-therapy-and-invasive-breast-cancer-in-the-carolina-breast-cancer-study
#17
Nathan L DeBono, Whitney R Robinson, Jennifer L Lund, Chiu Kit Tse, Patricia G Moorman, Andrew F Olshan, Melissa A Troester
PURPOSE: The use of combined estrogen-progestin menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) has been shown to increase the risk of breast cancer, however, recent observational studies have suggested that the association between MHT and breast cancer may be modified by race. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between MHT use and incidence of invasive breast cancer in Black and White women aged ≥40 years at diagnosis after accounting for racial differences in patterns of MHT use and formulation...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535290/dietary-quality-and-ovarian-cancer-risk-in-african-american-women
#18
Bo Qin, Patricia G Moorman, Linda E Kelemen, Anthony J Alberg, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Paul Terry, Joellen M Schildkraut, Elisa V Bandera
This study evaluated 3 index-based dietary patterns-Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2005, HEI-2010, and Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI)-2010-in relation to ovarian cancer risk in African-American women. The study was conducted among 415 ovarian cancer cases and 629 age- and site-matched controls of African-American descent recruited from the population-based African American Cancer Epidemiology Study. Multivariable unconditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals between quartiles of dietary quality indices and ovarian cancer risk, adjusting for potential confounders...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510291/associations-between-rna-splicing-regulatory-variants-of-stemness-related-genes-and-racial-disparities-in-susceptibility-to-prostate-cancer
#19
Yanru Wang, Jennifer A Freedman, Hongliang Liu, Patricia G Moorman, Terry Hyslop, Daniel J George, Norman H Lee, Steven R Patierno, Qingyi Wei
Evidence suggests that cells with a stemness phenotype play a pivotal role in oncogenesis, and prostate cells exhibiting this phenotype have been identified. We used two genome-wide association study (GWAS) datasets of African descendants, from the Multiethnic/Minority Cohort Study of Diet and Cancer (MEC) and the Ghana Prostate Study, and two GWAS datasets of non-Hispanic whites, from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial and the Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3), to analyze the associations between genetic variants of stemness-related genes and racial disparities in susceptibility to prostate cancer...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503217/assessment-and-use-of-drug-information-references-in-utah-pharmacies
#20
Krystal L Moorman, Elyse A Macdonald, Anthony Trovato, Casey R Tak
OBJECTIVE: To determine which drug references Utah pharmacists use most frequently. To determine which types of drug information questions are most commonly asked, and whether Utah pharmacists have access to adequate references to respond to these questions. METHODS: A 19-question survey was created using Qualtrics, LLC (Provo, Utah) software. An electronic survey link was sent to 1,431 pharmacists with a valid e-mail address listed in the Department of Professional Licensing database...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
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