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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329821/extracurricular-involvement-in-high-school-and-later-life-participation-in-voluntary-associations
#1
Emily A Greenfield, Sara M Moorman
Objectives: Scholars have identified participation in voluntary associations as a central component of civic engagement for younger and older people alike. However, there has been little longitudinal examination of how such participation potentially fluctuates across multiple periods of the life course, as well as the extent to which involvement in youth is associated with participation in later life. Method: We used data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study-which is among the oldest and most comprehensive cohort studies in the United States to date...
January 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322704/transmission-of-hepatitis-a-virus-through-combined-liver-small-intestine-pancreas-transplantation
#2
Monique A Foster, Lauren M Weil, Sherry Jin, Thomas Johnson, Tonya R Hayden-Mixson, Yury Khudyakov, Pallavi D Annambhotla, Sridhar V Basavaraju, Saleem Kamili, Jana M Ritter, Noele Nelson, George Mazariegos, Michael Green, Ryan W Himes, David T Kuhar, Matthew J Kuehnert, Jeffrey A Miller, Rachel Wiseman, Anne C Moorman
Although transmission of hepatitis A virus (HAV) through blood transfusion has been documented, transmission through organ transplantation has not been reported. In August 2015, state health officials in Texas, USA, were notified of 2 home health nurses with HAV infection whose only common exposure was a child who had undergone multi-visceral organ transplantation 9 months earlier. Specimens from the nurses, organ donor, and all organ recipients were tested and medical records reviewed to determine a possible infection source...
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296811/new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-critically-ill
#3
Travis J Moss, James Forrest Calland, Kyle B Enfield, Diana C Gomez-Manjarres, Caroline Ruminski, John P DiMarco, Douglas E Lake, J Randall Moorman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of new-onset atrial fibrillation with outcomes, including ICU length of stay and survival. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort of ICU admissions. We found atrial fibrillation using automated detection (≥ 90s in 30 min) and classed as new-onset if there was no prior diagnosis of atrial fibrillation. We identified determinants of new-onset atrial fibrillation and, using propensity matching, characterized its impact on outcomes. SETTING: Tertiary care academic center...
March 14, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282352/partial-pectoralis-tear-treated-with-orthobiologics-a-case-report
#4
Blake Boggess, Claude Moorman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278142/notes-from-the-field-hepatitis-c-transmission-from-inappropriate-reuse-of-saline-flush-syringes-for-multiple-patients-in-an-acute-care-general-hospital-texas-2015
#5
Sandi Arnold, Sharon K Melville, Bonnie Morehead, Gilberto Vaughan, Anne Moorman, Matthew B Crist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265482/evaluating-the-effects-of-diffused-lavender-in-an-adult-day-care-center-for-patients-with-dementia-in-an-effort-to-decrease-behavioral-issues-a-pilot-study
#6
Robin Moorman Li, Brian Gilbert, Anna Orman, Petra Aldridge, Sue Leger-Krall, Clare Anderson, Juan Hincapie Castillo
Objectives: To evaluate the effects of diffused lavender on the frequency of behavioral issues [BIs], defined as a composite of restlessness/wandering [RW], agitation [AGT], anger [ANG], and anxiety [ANX] in an adult day care center. Secondary objectives evaluate systematic differences on the frequency of BIs between age cohorts, gender, and individual behaviors. Design: Pre-post quasi-experimental study. Setting: Private nonprofit adult day care center for patients with dementia. Participants: Elderly patients older than 65 years of age with a clinical diagnosis of dementia, who require daytime monitoring...
2017: Journal of drug assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255018/acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-with-aleukemic-prodrome-preleukemic-dynamics-and-possible-mechanisms-of-immunosurveillance
#7
Olga Zimmermannova, Marketa Zaliova, Anthony V Moorman, Halima Al-Shehhi, Eva Fronkova, Zuzana Zemanova, Tomas Kalina, Ajay Vora, Jan Stary, Jan Trka, Ondrej Hrusak, Jan Zuna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251458/lifetime-number-of-ovulatory-cycles-and-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-risk-in-african-american-women
#8
Lauren C Peres, Patricia G Moorman, Anthony J Alberg, Elisa V Bandera, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Paul D Terry, Sarah E Abbott, Fabian Camacho, Frances Wang, Joellen M Schildkraut
PURPOSE: Incessant ovulation has been consistently linked to epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Although reproductive characteristics differ substantially by race, the association between incessant ovulation and EOC has been evaluated only in populations of predominantly white women. In the present study, we examined the association between lifetime number of ovulatory cycles (LOCs) and EOC risk among African American (AA) women. METHODS: We used data from 534 cases and 722 controls enrolled in the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study...
March 2, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237943/kinome-profiling-identifies-druggable-targets-for-novel-hcmv-antivirals
#9
Kyle C Arend, Erik M Lenarcic, Heather A Vincent, Naim Rashid, Eric Lazear, Ian M McDonald, Thomas S K Gilbert, Michael P East, Laura E Herring, Gary L Johnson, Lee Graves, Nathaniel J Moorman
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a significant cause of disease in immunecompromised adults and immune naive newborns. No vaccine exists to prevent HCMV infection, and current antiviral therapies have toxic side effects that limit the duration and intensity of their use. There is thus an urgent need for new strategies to treat HCMV infection. Repurposing existing drugs as antivirals is an attractive approach to limit the time and cost of new antiviral drug development. Virus-induced changes in infected cells are often driven by changes in cellular kinase activity, which led us to hypothesize that defining the complement of kinases (the kinome), whose abundance or expression is altered during infection would identify existing kinase inhibitors that could be repurposed as new antivirals...
February 25, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223408/inducing-circular-rna-formation-using-the-crispr-endoribonuclease-csy4
#10
Erin K Borchardt, Rita M Meganck, Heather A Vincent, Christopher B Ball, Silvia B V Ramos, Nathaniel J Moorman, William F Marzluff, Aravind Asokan
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are highly stable, covalently closed RNAs that are regulated in a spatiotemporal manner and whose functions are largely unknown. These molecules have the potential to be incorporated into engineered systems with broad technological implications. Here we describe a switch for inducing backsplicing of an engineered circRNA that relies on the CRISPR endoribonuclease, Csy4, as an activator of circularization. The endoribonuclease activity and 3' end-stabilizing properties of Csy4 are particularly suited for this task...
February 21, 2017: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215751/rewriting-age-to-overcome-misaligned-age-and-gender-norms-in-later-life
#11
Jeremiah C Morelock, Jeffrey E Stokes, Sara M Moorman
In this paper we suggest that older adults undergo a misalignment between societal age norms and personal lived experience, and attempt reconciliation through discursive strategies: They rewrite how they frame chronological age as well as their subjective relations to it. Using a sample of 4041 midlife and older adults from the 2004-2006 wave of the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS II), we explore associations of age and gender with subjective age and at what age respondents felt people enter later life...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207317/effects-of-sensor-position-on-kinematic-data-obtained-with-an-inertial-sensor-system-during-gait-analysis-of-trotting-horses
#12
Valerie J Moorman, David D Frisbie, Christopher E Kawcak, C Wayne McIlwraith
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of altering location of right forelimb and pelvic sensors on kinematic data obtained with a commonly used inertial sensor system during gait analysis of trotting horses. DESIGN Experimental study. ANIMALS 12 horses with mild to moderate lameness of at least 1 hind limb, with or without lameness of the forelimbs. PROCEDURES All horses were examined while trotting on a high-speed treadmill. The right forelimb sensor was tested at 3 anatomic locations in random order: dorsal midline and 2 cm medial and lateral to that midline...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202637/supplemental-selenium-may-decrease-ovarian-cancer-risk-in-african-american-women
#13
Paul D Terry, Bo Qin, Fabian Camacho, Patricia G Moorman, Anthony J Alberg, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Kristin A Guertin, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Joellen M Schildkraut, Elisa V Bandera
Background: To our knowledge, no previous study has evaluated the associations of antioxidant intake with the risk of ovarian cancer in African-American women, who are known to have high mortality from the disease.Objective: We sought to evaluate these associations among 406 ovarian cancer cases and 632 age- and site-matched controls of African-American descent recruited from AACES (African American Cancer Epidemiology Study), a population-based, case-control study in 11 geographical areas within the United States...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171829/prevalence-of-false-positive-hepatitis-c-antibody-results-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-study-nhanes-2007-2012
#14
Anne C Moorman, Jan Drobenuic, Saleem Kamili
BACKGROUND: Screening large numbers of persons in a population with low prevalence of a disease leads to many false-positives. However, populations with low HCV prevalence may sometimes be recommended for HCV screening, for instance patients or healthcare workers after a possible healthcare-related exposure. OBJECTIVES: We determined the percentage of true vs false-positive HCV antibody (anti-HCV) test results among 2007-2012 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study (NHANES), a nationally representative study with approximately 1% HCV infection prevalence, much lower than in groups typically recommended for HCV screening...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158935/comparison-of-3-suture-closure-techniques-for-pelvic-flexure-enterotomy-in-equine-cadaveric-large-colon
#15
Ellison D Aldrich, Jennifer Earnest, Valerie J Moorman
OBJECTIVE: To compare a 2-layer closure with suture line reversal for a pelvic flexure enterotomy to 1-layer and traditional 2-layer hand sewn closures. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo, simple randomized study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Large colon segments from adult horses (n = 18). METHODS: Pelvic flexures were harvested from 18 horses and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 closure techniques (n = 6 per technique). A 10-cm enterotomy was made in each pelvic flexure and closed with the assigned technique...
February 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111469/clinical-relevance-of-failed-and-missing-cytogenetic-analysis-in-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-aml
#16
L Chilton, C J Harrison, I Ashworth, D Murdy, A K Burnett, D Grimwade, A V Moorman, R K Hills
Leukemia accepted article preview online, 23 January 2017. doi:10.1038/leu.2017.37.
January 23, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069490/sexual-segregation-of-forage-patch-use-support-for-the-social-factors-and-predation-hypotheses
#17
Michael T Biggerstaff, Marcus A Lashley, M Colter Chitwood, Christopher E Moorman, Christopher S DePerno
Nearly all species of sexually dimorphic ungulates sexually segregate. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain this phenomenon, including the social-factors hypothesis (SFH) and the predation hypothesis (PH). Interestingly, previous studies have accepted and rejected each hypothesis within and across species but few studies have simultaneously tested both hypotheses in the same population. In August 2011 and 2012 using 7680 photographs taken with camera traps in standardized forage patches, we tested two predictions of the SFH: 1) foraging efficiency of both sexes would decrease when foraging rate in mixed-sex groups relative to single-sex groups, and 2) activity patterns (i...
March 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059065/rapid-control-and-feedback-rates-enhance-neuroprosthetic-control
#18
Maryam M Shanechi, Amy L Orsborn, Helene G Moorman, Suraj Gowda, Siddharth Dangi, Jose M Carmena
Brain-machine interfaces (BMI) create novel sensorimotor pathways for action. Much as the sensorimotor apparatus shapes natural motor control, the BMI pathway characteristics may also influence neuroprosthetic control. Here, we explore the influence of control and feedback rates, where control rate indicates how often motor commands are sent from the brain to the prosthetic, and feedback rate indicates how often visual feedback of the prosthetic is provided to the subject. We developed a new BMI that allows arbitrarily fast control and feedback rates, and used it to dissociate the effects of each rate in two monkeys...
January 6, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052785/detection-reporting-and-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-infections-among-hemodialysis-patients
#19
Melissa G Collier, Duc B Nguyen, Priti R Patel, Anne C Moorman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045622/use-of-minimal-residual-disease-assessment-to-redefine-induction-failure-in-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#20
David O'Connor, Anthony V Moorman, Rachel Wade, Jeremy Hancock, Ronald M R Tan, Jack Bartram, John Moppett, Claire Schwab, Katharine Patrick, Christine J Harrison, Rachael Hough, Nick Goulden, Ajay Vora, Sujith Samarasinghe
Purpose Our aim was to determine the role of end-of-induction (EOI) minimal residual disease (MRD) assessment in the identification and stratification of induction failure in patients with pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to identify genetic abnormalities that drive disease in these patients. Patients and Methods Analysis included 3,113 patients who were treated in the Medical Research Council UKALL2003 multicenter randomized trial (NCT00222612) between 2003 and 2011. MRD was measured by using standardized real-time quantitative PCR...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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