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Lauren N Tobey, Elaine Schrumpf, Tonya Johnson, Christine Mouzong, Rachael M Veith, Marc T Braverman, Siew Sun Wong, Melinda M Manore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Corey Butler, Suzanne Marsh, Joseph W Domitrovich, Jim Helmkamp
BACKGROUND: Wildland fire fighting is a high-risk occupation requiring considerable physical and psychological demands. Multiple agencies publish fatality summaries for wildland fire fighters; however, the reported number and types vary. At least five different surveillance systems capture deaths, each with varying case definitions and case inclusion/exclusion criteria. Four are population-level systems and one is case-based. System differences create challenges to accurately characterize fatalities...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Selwyn M Vickers, Adrienne L Vickers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Valentina Marchionni, Jakub Szlachetko, Maarten Nachtegaal, Anastasios Kambolis, Oliver Kröcher, Davide Ferri
In situ time-resolved spectroscopic examination of catalysts based on well dispersed nanoparticles on metal oxides under transient conditions significantly facilitates the elucidation of reaction mechanisms. In this contribution, we demonstrate the level of structural information that can be obtained using high-energy resolution off-resonant spectroscopy (HEROS) to study 1.3 wt% Pt/Al2O3 and 1.3 wt% Pt/20 wt% CeO2/Al2O3 catalysts subjected to redox pulsing. First, HEROS is compared with XANES in a temperature programmed reduction experiment to demonstrate the increased sensitivity and time resolution of HEROS...
October 12, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Christina Kindermann, Edward J Narayan, Jean-Marc Hero
It is well known that the disease chytridiomycosis, caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) has contributed to amphibian declines worldwide. The impact of Bd varies, with some species being more susceptible to infection than others. Recent evidence has shown that Bd can have sub-lethal effects, whereby increases in stress hormones have been associated with infection. Could this increased stress response, which is a physiological adaptation that provides an increased resilience against Bd infection, potentially be a trade-off with important life-history traits such as reproduction? We studied this question in adult male frogs of a non-declining species (Litoria wilcoxii)...
October 3, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
Tim Blake, Andrew Whallett
Medical registrars have been described as the 'workhorses' of National Health Service hospitals, being at the interface of acute and chronic health services. They are expected to demonstrate effective leadership skills. There are concerns from the Royal College of Physicians that medical registrars are being overwhelmed and unsupported by organisations, and are struggling in their ability to provide safe, high-quality patient care. Junior colleagues are also being deterred by general medical specialties by the prospect of becoming the 'Med Reg'...
October 5, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
James D H Ong, Ashley Mansell, Michelle D Tate
The severity of influenza A virus (IAV) infection can range from asymptotic to mild to severe. Infections, such as those seen following outbreaks of avian IAV, are associated with hyperinflammatory responses and the development of fatal disease. There is a continual threat that a novel or pandemic IAV will circulate in humans with high rates of mortality. The neuronal apoptosis inhibitor protein, class 2 transcription activator of the MHC, heterokaryon incompatibility, telomerase-associated protein 1, leucine-rich repeat, and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is an innate immune sensor that has been shown to be critical for the secretion of the potent proinflammatory cytokines, IL-1β and IL-18, as well as chemokine production and cellular inflammation in vivo following IAV infection...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Hyongbum Kim
Peer reviewers are the unsung heroes of science. We celebrate reviewers through a series of interviews with people who have made particularly strong recent contributions to Genome Biology as reviewers. The first interview is with Hyongbum (Henry) Kim, an Associate Professor at Yonsei University College of Medicine in South Korea.
September 29, 2016: Genome Biology
Andrew S Griffin, Shawn M Gage, Jeffrey H Lawson, Charles Y Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether the use of a staged Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO; Merit Medical, South Jordan, Utah) implantation strategy incurs increased early infection risk compared with conventional primary HeRO implantation. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 192 hemodialysis patients who underwent HeRO graft implantation: 105 patients underwent primary HeRO implantation in the operating room, and 87 underwent a staged implantation where a previously inserted tunneled central venous catheter was used for guidewire access for the venous outflow component...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Colina Martinot-Lagarde, Nathaly Quintero-Prigent, Naima Brennetot, Monique Chapuy, Marion Fiat, Malak Fahmy, Frank Fitoussi
Design of these hands (3D prints) are often driven by the desire to have a prosthesis as close as a "real hand", both from an aesthetic and a functional standpoint. A new type of hands has been launched in France in September 2015 thanks to 3D printers. Alongside standard medical prosthesis available with medical prescription and designed by orthoprosthesist, they can also be developed and made in a non-specialised and non-CE approved workshop using 3D printer at lower cost. Those hands were engineered in the USA with this easy manufacturing process and are now expanding all around the world...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
José P da Graça, Tatiana E Ueda, Tatiani Janegitz, Simone S Vieira, Mariana C Salvador, Maria C N de Oliveira, Sonia M Zingaretti, Stephen J Powers, John A Pickett, Michael A Birkett, Clara B Hoffmann-Campo
To test the hypothesis that the plant stress related elicitor cis-jasmone (cJ) provides protection in soybean pods against the seed-sucking stink bug pest, Euschistus heros, the growth of E. heros on cJ-treated pods was investigated using three soybean cultivars differing in insect susceptibility, i.e. BRS 134 (susceptible), IAC 100 (resistant) and Dowling (resistant). E. heros showed reduced weight gain when fed cJ-treated Dowling, whereas no effect on weight gain was observed when fed other treated cultivars...
November 2016: Phytochemistry
Lauren N Tobey, Harold F Koenig, Nicole A Brown, Melinda M Manore
The objective of this study was to create/test a social marketing campaign to increase fruit/vegetable (FV) intake within Oregon Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) eligible families. Focus groups (n = 2) and pre/post campaign phone surveys (n = 2082) were conducted in intervention counties (IC) and one control county. Participants were female (86%-100%) with 1-2 children at home. Mean FV intake/without juice was 3.1 servings/day; >50% preferred the Internet for delivery of healthy eating information...
2016: Nutrients
Jie Zheng, Marcelline R Harris, Anna Maria Masci, Yu Lin, Alfred Hero, Barry Smith, Yongqun He
BACKGROUND: Statistics play a critical role in biological and clinical research. However, most reports of scientific results in the published literature make it difficult for the reader to reproduce the statistical analyses performed in achieving those results because they provide inadequate documentation of the statistical tests and algorithms applied. The Ontology of Biological and Clinical Statistics (OBCS) is put forward here as a step towards solving this problem. RESULTS: The terms in OBCS including 'data collection', 'data transformation in statistics', 'data visualization', 'statistical data analysis', and 'drawing a conclusion based on data', cover the major types of statistical processes used in basic biological research and clinical outcome studies...
2016: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
C Stark, P Herkenrath, H Hollmann, S Waltz, I Becker, L Hoebing, O Semler, H Hoyer-Kuhn, I Duran, B Hero, M Hadders-Algra, E Schoenau
OBJECTIVES: to investigate feasibility, safety and efficacy of home-based side-alternating whole body vibration (sWBV) to improve motor function in toddlers with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Randomized controlled trial including 24 toddlers with CP (mean age 19 months (SD±3.1); 13 boys). INTERVENTION: 14 weeks sWBV with ten 9-minute sessions weekly (non-individualized). Group A started with sWBV, followed by 14 weeks without; in group B this order was reversed...
2016: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
J Sun, Y Zhao, R Yang, T Guan, A Iorio
INTRODUCTION: Haemophilia management in China needs to be further developed. To further improve the quality of life (QoL) of people with haemophilia (PWH) in China, it is important to investigate the peculiarities of China as compared to other countries. AIM: The primary objective of the Haemophilia Experiences, Results and Opportunities (HERO) project was to quantify the impact of key psychosocial factors affecting PWH. This article presents the demographics, treatment characteristics, and QoL of adult PWH in China as compared with the results of the other nine countries participating in the HERO study...
September 6, 2016: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Leonardo T Camardella, Eduardo Kant C Rothier, Oswaldo V Vilella, Edwin M Ongkosuwito, Karel Hero Breuning
BACKGROUND: A plaster dental model is a patient's traditional three-dimensional (3D) record. If the dental crowns from a plaster model are separated and positioned in wax, this setup of the crowns can be used to simulate orthodontic treatment. The traditional way to make this dental setup requires significant time by the orthodontist and in the orthodontic lab. New developments in dentistry and orthodontics include the possibility of virtual setups. AIM: In this article, the differences between conventional setups with plaster models and virtual setups are discussed...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Dr Charlotte Ratcliff, Miss Monica Hansrani
INTRODUCTION: This case report intends to highlight the Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) graft as a potential long term option for ongoing dialysis in patients with central venous stenosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 55year old patient, who developed end stage renal failure (ESRF) after chemotherapy treatment for breast cancer, presented at the limit of her dialysis access after a 15year haemodialysis history causing central vein stenosis. The patient was initially started on peritoneal dialysis but after repeated peritonitis was switched to haemodialysis...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Roberto C Heros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Dieter Hayn, Markus Falgenhauer, Martin Kropf, Michael Nitzlnader, Stefan Welte, Hubert Ebner, Ruth Ladenstein, Gudrun Schleiermacher, Barbara Hero, Günter Schreier
Opsoclonus Myoclonus Syndrome (OMS) is a rare disease in children which is often associated with neuroblastoma and, therefore, requires treatment by pediatric neurologists and oncologists. The ongoing OMS trial investigates questions related to OMS and potentially underlying neuroblastomas. To support this trial with an adequate IT infrastructure, linkage of neuroblastoma research databases with the OMS electronic data capture (EDC) system was required. Therefore, an EDC system for the OMS trial was developed and integrated into the research infrastructure of the European Network for Cancer Research in Children and Adolescents (ENCCA) project...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Susan Smith
Early last year, a non-profit organisation called 'Limbitless Solutions' modelled a 3D printed prosthetic arm on a fighting suit that features in the popular superhero film series, Iron Man (2008-2013). In addition, 'Limbitless Solutions' resourcefully deployed the fictional character and inventor of the Iron Man suit, weapons specialist and philanthropist, Tony Stark, played by Robert Downey Jr, in a celebrity/superhero endorsed promotional short film, showing 'Tony', the 'real Iron Man', gifting the futuristic military styled 'gauntlet' to Alex, a 7-year-old boy with a partially developed right arm...
August 29, 2016: Medical Humanities
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