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Walter Ledermann
Investigations first by Markham, and then by Spruce, performed in the middle of multiple risks, in the deep of dense jungle, through the wild rivers and facing up natives many times hostile, brought the knowledge of the life cycle of Hevea brasiliensis, the rubber's tree, necessary for take its seeds to Asia, its adaptation to this continent and its culture at industrial level. Undoubtedly these men were the heroes of this history, but they were wise, modest and quite people, so the glory was for an entrepreneur decided and of scare scruples, like Wickham...
April 2018: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Kathleen MacDonald, Jessica De Zylva, Margaret McAllister, Donna Lee Brien
OBJECTIVES: Nursing history is replete with examples of heroic individuals acting courageously to meet the needs of vulnerable patients and communities. Heroism exemplifies the pinnacle of self-actualised behaviour. It fuels the plots of countless human stories, and enthrals and inspires people. Yet, heroism may be seen as an extreme behaviour that only exceptional individuals are capable of enacting, and may thus be seen as out of reach for ordinary nurses, and something that could be risky to teach and disseminate...
June 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Mya Breitbart, Kema Malki, Natalie A Sawaya, Chelsea Bonnain, Mark O Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Rafael Hayashida, Adeney de Freitas Bueno, Amanda Oliveira Hermel, Marcelo Hiroshi Hirakuri, Flávia Augusta Cloclet Silva, Samuel Roggia
In order to optimize the mass rearing of Telenomus podisi Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) for augmentative biological control we tested the suitability of different artificial diets with respect to egg production of Euschistus heros (F.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). For this purpose, biological parameters of E. heros and T. podisi were evaluated in experimental trial with these diets. All tested artificial diets supported the rearing of E. heros. However, female and adult life history traits including longevity, total oviposition, nymph developmental time, and fertility were altered, with poorer results than under the natural diet...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Emily Doncaster, Syd Hiskey, Susan McPherson, Leanne Andrews
There has been little qualitative research into the experiences of UK partners of veterans with PTSD. This study therefore aimed to explore how partners constructed their experiences of living with the condition. Fifteen female partners of male UK veterans were recruited and interviewed. Using a social constructionist thematic analysis, five themes were constructed: the women's need to subdue own emotional and behavioral responses; dilemmas about whether the veteran was unwell or 'bad'; attempts at negotiating multiple roles; challenging the narrative of veterans as heroes; and the relational struggle with the transition to nonmilitary life...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Pascaline Nguemgo Kouam, Günther A Rezniczek, Anja Kochanneck, Bettina Priesch-Grzeszkowiak, Thomas Hero, Irenäus A Adamietz, Helmut Bühler
Glioblastoma is a primary brain tumor with a poor prognosis despite of many treatment regimens. Radiotherapy significantly prolongs patient survival and remains the most common treatment. Slit2 and Robo1 are evolutionarily conserved proteins involved in axon guidance, migration, and branching of neuronal cells. New studies have shown that Slit2 and Robo1 could play important roles in leukocyte chemotaxis and glioblastoma cell migration. Therefore, we investigated whether the Slit2/Robo1 complex has an impact on the motility of glioblastoma cells and whether irradiation with therapeutic doses modulates this effect...
2018: PloS One
Nikolaos V Fotos, Ioannis Elefsiniotis, Athina Patelarou, Konstantinos Giakoumidakis, Evridiki Patelarou, Andreas Kouros, Hero Brokalaki
Recent research evidence has shown that patients with chronic viral hepatitis develop symptoms of anxiety and/or depression, which has a strong impact on their health-related quality of life. This study aimed to assess the levels of anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life among patients with chronic hepatitis B or C in Greece. It was a cross-sectional study among 111 patients with chronic viral hepatitis, evaluated at a tertiary General Hospital of Athens from March to September of 2014. Anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life were assessed by the use of specially designed questionnaires...
May 2018: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
Hero A Abdurrahman, Ariana Kh Jawad, Shahla K Alalalf
BACKGROUND: Preoperative differentiation between benign and malignant masses can be challenging. The aim of this research was to evaluate the performance of a modified multivariate index assay (MIA) in detecting ovarian cancer and to compare the effectiveness of gynecologist assessment, cancer antigen (CA) 125, and MIA for identifying ovarian masses with high suspicion of malignancy. RESULTS: This prospective observational study included 150 women with ovarian masses who underwent surgery in the Maternity Teaching Hospital from December 2014 to May 2016...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Bjørn Hofmann
Novel tests give great opportunities for earlier and more precise diagnostics. At the same time, new tests expand disease, produce patients, and cause unnecessary harm in overdiagnosis and overtreatment. How can we evaluate diagnostics to obtain the benefits and avoid harm? One way is to pay close attention to the diagnostic process and its core concepts. Doing so reveals 3 errors that expand disease and increase overdiagnosis. The first error is to decouple diagnostics from harm, eg, by diagnosing insignificant conditions...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Carina Nygård, Anne Clancy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To aggregate, synthesize and interpret qualitative research studies of parents' experiences of caring for a child with special health care needs at home. BACKGROUND: Advances in the field of medical and nursing science have ensured better survival rates for children with chronic illnesses. Many of these children have significant special health care needs. Today parents assume a caregiver role, undertaking tasks previously provided by nurses in hospitals...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Maria Ioannou, John Synnott, Emma Lowe, Calli Tzani-Pepelasi
The present study applied the Criminal Narrative Experience for the first time with young offenders ( N = 23). The analysis was based on young people serving a community sentence and attending a Youth Offending Team. Participants completed questionnaires relating to their roles and emotions during a typical offence and data were examined with Smallest Space Analysis (SSA) to identify if the themes were replicated. Three themes were identified: Calm Professional, Elated Hero, and a combined theme of Distressed Revenger and Depressed Victim...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Heta Huttunen, Matti Hero, Mitja Lääperi, Johanna Känsäkoski, Heikki Swan, Joel A Hirsch, Päivi J Miettinen, Taneli Raivio
Objective: Two missense mutations in KCNQ1 , an imprinted gene that encodes the alpha subunit of the voltage-gated potassium channel Kv7.1, cause autosomal dominant growth hormone deficiency and maternally inherited gingival fibromatosis. We evaluated endocrine features, birth size, and subsequent somatic growth of patients with long QT syndrome 1 (LQT1) due to loss-of-function mutations in KCNQ1 . Design: Medical records of 104 patients with LQT1 in a single tertiary care center between 1995 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Priscilla Rose Selvaraj, Christine Suniti Bhat
BACKGROUND: Behavioral health treatment is grounded in the medical model with language of deficits and problems, rather than resources and strengths. With developments in the field of positive psychology, re-focusing on well-being rather than illness is possible. AIMS: The primary purpose of this study was to examine relationships and predictions that exist between levels of mental health in college students, i.e., flourishing, moderate mental health, and languishing, and psychological capital (PsyCap)...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
G V Silva, A F Bueno, B M Favetti, P M O J Neves
Successful parasitoid rearing is crucial for augmentative biological control. A low temperature preservation protocol allowing the availability of host and parasitoid year-round was evaluated in this study in four bioassays: (1) host eggs [Euschistus heros (Fabricius)] stored at - 196, - 80, and - 20°C for up to 70 days prior to exposure to Telenomus podisi Ashmead parasitism; (2) Euschistus heros eggs removed from storage at - 196°C after 70 days and kept at 5°C for up to 9 days prior to exposure to T...
May 3, 2018: Neotropical Entomology
Diana M Falkenbach, Justin Balash, Maria Tsoukalas, Stephanie Stern, Scott O Lilienfeld
The majority of psychopathy research has focused on negative outcomes in criminal populations. However, psychopathy encompasses a variety of traits, and recent research suggests that certain features of psychopathy, such as a fearless temperament, may be related to psychological resiliency, "successful" functioning, and even heroic behavior (Hall & Benning, 2006; Lykken, 1995). Despite anecdotal discussion, little is known about the possible "successful" or adaptive reflections of psychopathic personality traits in ostensible heroes...
May 3, 2018: Personality Disorders
Jean-Baptiste Gouyon
Between 1962 and 2004, Nobel Prize laureates appear in the British television science programme Horizon in various roles, denoting differing understandings of science in relation to society and culture. These representations are the outcome of an interplay of cultural and institutional factors. They vary with the broadcasting environment. Notably, the article establishes that the choice of presenting scientists as heroic characters in strongly determined storylines from the late-1990s onwards originates in a reaction to institutional imperatives as a means to preserve the existence of the Horizon series...
May 2018: Public Understanding of Science
Jonathan R Swanson, William E King, Robert A Sinkin, Douglas E Lake, Waldemar A Carlo, Robert L Schelonka, Peter J Porcelli, Christina T Navarrete, Eduardo Bancalari, Judy L Aschner, Jose A Perez, T Michael O'Shea, M Whit Walker
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of heart rate characteristics (HRC) monitoring on length of stay among very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g birth weight) neonates in the HeRO randomized controlled trial (RCT). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective analysis of length of stay metrics among 3 subpopulations (all patients, all survivors, and survivors with positive blood or urine cultures) enrolled in a multicenter, RCT of HRC monitoring. RESULTS: Among all patients in the RCT, infants randomized to receive HRC monitoring were more likely than controls to be discharged alive and prior to day 120 (83...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Victor Grech
The ancient Greeks honoured the concept of kleos (κλέος) aphthiton, eternal renown. An ancient Greek hero earned kleos through great deeds, up to and including his own death. However, the Greeks also believed that kleos could be earned through feats of intellectual procreation. Publication is thus the modern avenue for an academic to earn kleos. The young academic must perforce make an Achillean choice, to go with the mainstream flow and pragmatically publish only that which is needed or required for career advancement - the more facile path - or to strive to produce respectable papers over and above that which is strictly required...
April 20, 2018: Early Human Development
R Tognon, J Sant'Ana, L R Redaelli, A L Meyer
Parasitoid host selection is mainly mediated by chemical cues, which can be adjusted by experience, changing their innate behavior. Therefore, this study evaluated if immature experience (pre-imaginal conditioning) on eggs and volatiles from different host eggs has influence on parasitism and chemotaxic behavior of Telenomus podisi Ashmead and/or Trissolcus basalis Wollaston (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). Both wasp species were submitted to a multiple-choice parasitism test among Euschistus heros (Fabricius), Piezodorus guildinii (Westwood), and Nezara viridula L...
April 20, 2018: Neotropical Entomology
Emma Hamilton, Delida Sanchez
The current study explored narrative roles among individuals convicted of a sexual offense. Narrative roles in a criminal context are defined as specific personal accounts utilized by offenders to justify illegal behavior. The chosen theoretical framework recognized four primary offender roles: Revengeful Mission/Romantic Quest, Professional, Victim, and Tragic Hero. A total of 23 interviews were conducted with individuals convicted of a sexual offense ( n = 11 contact, n = 12 noncontact) to explore and compare narrative roles between contact and noncontact offenders...
April 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
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