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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532730/readiness-for-and-predictors-of-evidence-base-practice-in-greek-healthcare-settings
#1
Athina E Patelarou, Aggelos Laliotis, Hero Brokalaki, John Petrakis, Vassilis Dafermos, Evmorfia Koukia
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) remains limited in healthcare settings and knowledge of predictors of healthcare professionals' EBP activities is lacking. AIM: Describe nurses' readiness for EBP and identify related predictors in Greek healthcare settings we conducted a survey. RESULTS: Nurses scored high in the EBP readiness scale reflecting significant positive readiness toward EBP and consistently reported favourable attitudes toward and beliefs about EBP...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469009/heroes-of-the-engram
#2
Sheena A Josselyn, Stefan Köhler, Paul W Frankland
In 1904, Richard Semon introduced the term "engram" to describe the neural substrate responsible for (or at least important in) storing and recalling memories (i.e., a memory trace). The recent introduction of a vast array of powerful new tools to probe and manipulate memory function at the cell and neuronal circuit level has spurred an explosion of interest in studying the engram. However, the present "engram renaissance" was not borne in isolation but rather builds on a long tradition of memory research. We believe it is important to acknowledge the debts our current generation of scientists owes to those scientists who have offered key ideas, persevered through failed experiments and made important discoveries before us...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458081/reactivity-studies-in-water-on-the-acid-catalysed-dehydration-of-psicose-compared-to-other-ketohexoses-into-5-hydroxymethylfurfural
#3
Robert-Jan van Putten, Jan C van der Waal, Ed de Jong, Hero J Heeres
The conversion of the four possible ketohexoses (fructose, tagatose, sorbose and psicose) into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) was explored in water using sulphuric acid as the catalyst (33 mM H2SO4, 120 °C). Significant differences in reactivity were observed and tagatose (48% conversion after 75 min) and psicose (35% conversion after 75 min) were clearly more reactive than fructose and sorbose (around 20% conversion after 75 min). The selectivity to HMF was found to be higher for fructose and psicose than for tagatose and sorbose...
April 13, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457278/accuracy-of-a-computed-tomography-scanning-procedure-to-manufacture-digital-models
#4
Amir M Darroudi, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman, Edwin M Ongkosuwito, Christiaan Maarten Suttorp, Ewald M Bronkhorst, K Hero Breuning
INTRODUCTION: Accurate articulation of the digital dental casts is crucial in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. We aimed to determine the accuracy of manufacturing digital dental casts from computed tomography scanning of plaster casts regarding linear dimensions and interarch relationships and to test whether eventual differences in interarch relationships between plaster and digital casts would affect orthodontic diagnostics. METHODS: Plaster casts with the wax bites of 2 patients were used to create digital dental casts with a computed tomography scanner...
May 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444012/are-there-differences-between-comparison-methods-used-to-evaluate-the-accuracy-and-reliability-of-digital-models
#5
Leonardo Tavares Camardella, Hero Breuning, Oswaldo de Vasconcellos Vilella
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy and reliability of plaster models and digital models acquired with two different surface laser scanners were tested by means of three methods: measurement with calipers, digital measurement with proper software and superimposition of the digital models. METHODS: Thirty plaster models with permanent dentition that met the inclusion criteria were selected and scanned with two laser scanners (R700 and Xcad). Three examiners measured distances on plaster models with a digital caliper and on digital models using Ortho Analyzer software...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441882/work-right-to-right-work-an-automythology-of-chronic-illness-and-work
#6
Lavanya Vijayasingham
Objectives Chronic illness is known to disrupt and redirect the usual course of work trajectories. This article aims to portray the longitudinal course of negotiating work after multiple sclerosis. Methods Using therapy and personal journals to reconstruct memories and experience, an autoethnography is produced and narrated within Campbell's "Hero's Journey" automythology framework. Results The narrative highlights the intrasubjectivity of illness meaning-the changing internal meaning-making and external behavior and decision-making dynamics...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439681/side-effects-of-pesticides-used-in-irrigated-rice-areas-on-telenomus-podisi-ashmead-hymenoptera-platygastridae
#7
Juliano de Bastos Pazini, Rafael Antonio Pasini, Enio Júnior Seidel, Matheus Rakes, José Francisco da Silva Martins, Anderson Dionei Grützmacher
Telenomus podisi Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) is an important agent for the biological control of stink bug eggs in irrigated rice areas and the best strategy for its preservation is the use of selective pesticides. The aim of this study was to know the side-effects of pesticides used in Brazilian irrigated rice areas on egg parasitoid T. podisi. We evaluated, under laboratory conditions, 13 insecticides, 11 fungicides, 11 herbicides, and a control (distilled water) in choice and no-choice tests. In the no-choice tests, the pesticides were sprayed at pre and post-parasitism stages (egg and larval stages of T...
April 24, 2017: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438859/automated-multichamber-time-lapse-videography-for-long-term-in-vivo-observation-of-migrating-cells
#8
Helmut Buhler, Raphael Adamietz, Theresa Abeln, David Diaz-Carballo, Pascaline Nguemgo-Kouam, Thomas Hero, Irenaus A Adamietz
AIM: To observe and document the migration of living cells by time-lapse videography, we constructed a low-budget system based on a common inverted microscope. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Long-term observation of six-well plates is enabled through maintenance of cell culture conditions (5% CO2 in air at 37°C). Points of interest can be revisited in definable intervals with <1 μm repositioning error. Digital photographs from each programmed time point are paired with environmental data and combined into a record...
May 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424087/heroes-of-peer-review-robert-lowe
#9
Robert Lowe
In the second of our series of articles celebrating peer reviewers, we talk to Robert Lowe, who is a Lecturer in computational biology at Queen Mary University of London, UK, and a valued reviewer for Genome Biology.
April 19, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419880/trepanation-practices-in-asclepieia-systematizing-a-neurosurgerical-innovation
#10
REVIEW
Gregory Tsoucalas, Antonis A Kousoulis, Theodoros Mariolis-Sapsakos, Markos Sgantzos
As ancient Greeks started looking for deities that could fulfil the pragmatic needs of common people, local heroes started being mythologized and worshipped through cults. The most widespread such example was Asclepius, possibly a skilled war surgeon who followed military expeditions to Colchis and Troy. He was worshipped at religious temples called Asclepieia where certain specific medical and surgical techniques were followed. The most advanced must have been skull trepanation, most likely done as an acute operation to release intracranial pressure...
April 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418564/ultra-wide-field-laser-scanning-imaging-of-an-unusually-bullous-retinoschisis-retinoschisis-vs-detachment
#11
Abhijit Anand Mohite, Osama Makhzoum, Mark Hero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413733/experimental-studies-on-the-hydrotreatment-of-kraft-lignin-to-aromatics-and-alkylphenolics-using-economically-viable-fe-based-catalysts
#12
Shilpa Agarwal, Ramesh Kumar Chowdari, Idoia Hita, Hero Jan Heeres
Limonite, a low-cost iron ore, was investigated as a potential hydrotreatment catalyst for kraft lignin without the use of an external solvent (batch reactor, initial H2 pressure of 100 bar, 4 h). The best results were obtained at 450 °C resulting in 34 wt % of liquefied kraft lignin (lignin oil) on lignin intake. The composition of the lignin oil was determined in detail (elemental composition, GC-MS, GC×GC-FID, and GPC). The total GC-detectable monomeric species amounts up to 31 wt % on lignin intake, indicating that 92 wt % of the products in the lignin oil are volatile and thus of low molecular weight...
March 6, 2017: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406201/environment-hero-of-local-conservation
#13
Stuart Pimm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384669/dermatologic-features-of-classic-movie-villains-the-face-of-evil
#14
Julie Amthor Croley, Vail Reese, Richard F Wagner
Importance: Dichotomous dermatologic depictions of heroes and villains in movies have been used since the silent film age. Objective: To evaluate the hero-villain skin dichotomy in film by (1) identifying dermatologic findings of the all-time top 10 American film villains, (2) comparing these dermatologic findings to the all-time top 10 American film heroes quantitatively and qualitatively, and (3) analyzing dermatologic portrayals of film villains in depth. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study, dermatologic findings for film heroes and villains in mainstream media were identified and compared quantitatively using a χ2 test with α < ...
April 5, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380325/in-the-face-of-pain-there-are-no-heroes-an-open-letter-to-the-members-of-the-european-parliament-about-ensuring-in-the-whole-europe-high-quality-care-research-equitable-employment-opportunities-and-socio-economic-support-for-cluster-headache-ch-pati
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376445/are-we-the-walking-dead-burnout-as-zombie-apocalypse
#16
Benjamin R Doolittle
The Walking Dead, one of the most popular television shows in recent history, uses the plot of a zombie apocalypse as a lens into exploring the human condition. Amidst a particularly dangerous moment, the show's hero references the human struggle to survive by remarking, "We are the walking dead." This offhand comment sheds light upon physicians' struggles in medicine, in particular the high prevalence of burnout and the challenge to cultivate compassion and meaning. This is an important question for our age and for our profession...
November 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376444/discussing-opioid-risks-with-patients-to-reduce-misuse-and-abuse-evidence-from-2-surveys
#17
Joachim O Hero, Caitlin McMurtry, John Benson, Robert Blendon
We used 2 population-representative surveys to evaluate the recommendation from recent clinical guidelines for prescribing opioid analgesics that physicians discuss the risk of long-term use disorders with patients. In nationally representative data we observed a 60% lower rate, after adjustment for covariates, in a self-reported saving of pills among respondents who say they talked with their physicians about the risks of prescription painkiller addiction (67% lower rate without adjustment). These findings suggest patient education efforts, as currently practiced in the United States, may have positive behavioral consequences that could lower the risks of prescription painkiller abuse...
November 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374515/transfer-of-cry1ac-and-cry2a-proteins-from-genetically-engineered-bt-cotton-to-herbivores-and-predators
#18
Michael Meissle, Jörg Romeis
With the cultivation of Bt cotton, the produced insecticidal Cry proteins are ingested by herbivores and potentially transferred along the food chain to natural enemies, such as predators. In laboratory experiments with Bollgard II cotton, concentrations of Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab were measured in Lepidoptera larvae (Spodoptera littoralis, Heliothis virescens), plant bugs (Euschistus heros), aphids (Aphis gossypii), whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci), thrips (Thrips tabaci, Frankliniella occidentalis), and spider mites (Tetranychus urticae)...
April 4, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342624/the-level-of-anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-heart-failure-in-greece
#19
Zoi Aggelopoulou, Nikolaos V Fotos, Anastasia A Chatziefstratiou, Konstantinos Giakoumidakis, Ioannis Elefsiniotis, Hero Brokalaki
PURPOSE: The assessment of the level of anxiety, depression and quality of life among patients with heart failure. METHODS: It was an observational study. The populations were 231 patients with heart failure who were hospitalized in cardiology departments of 2 general hospitals in Athens, from September 1, 2010 through January 31, 2012. We used the "Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire - MLHFQ" to evaluate patients' quality of life and the " State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - STAI" and the "Maastricht Questionnaire - MQ" to evaluate the level of stress and depression, respectively...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319338/management-of-us-men-women-and-children-with-hemophilia-and-methods-and-demographics-of-the-bridging-hemophilia-b-experiences-results-and-opportunities-into-solutions-b-hero-s-study
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Tyler W Buckner, Michelle Witkop, Christine Guelcher, Mary Jane Frey, Susan Hunter, Skye Peltier, Michael Recht, Christopher Walsh, Craig M Kessler, Wendy Owens, David B Clark, Neil Frick, Michelle Rice, Neeraj N Iyer, Natalia Holot, David L Cooper, Robert Sidonio
The Bridging Hemophilia B Experiences, Results and Opportunities Into Solutions (B-HERO-S) initiative was launched in an effort to address specific gaps in the understanding of the psychosocial impact of mild-moderate-severe hemophilia B. The original Hemophilia Experiences, Results and Opportunities (HERO) qualitative study evaluated the needs of people with hemophilia A or B in multiple countries; however, a majority of participants had the more common moderate-severe hemophilia A. The B-HERO-S study was designed in collaboration with the hemophilia community to evaluate the needs of adults with hemophilia B and caregivers of children with hemophilia B, including affected women and caregivers of girls with hemophilia...
April 2017: European Journal of Haematology
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