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Viveca Ritsinger, Christel Hero, Ann-Marie Svensson, Nawzad Saleh, Bo Lagerqvist, Katarina Eeg-Olofsson, Anna Norhammar
OBJECTIVE: To describe sex aspects on extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) and prognosis in a contemporary population with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: All patients undergoing coronary angiography, 2001-2013, included in the Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry and the Swedish National Diabetes Register as type 1 diabetes were followed for mortality until 31 December 2013. The coronary angiogram was classified into normal and one-, two-, three-, and left main vessel disease...
February 20, 2018: Diabetes Care
Seth S Leopold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Franziska Hufsky, Bashar Ibrahim, Martin Beer, Li Deng, Philippe Le Mercier, Dino P McMahon, Massimo Palmarini, Volker Thiel, Manja Marz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Tanielian Terri, Bouskill Kathryn E, Ramchand Rajeev, Friedman Esther M, Trail Thomas E, Clague Angela
The United States is home to more than 21 million veterans, many of whom deployed to support combat operations around the globe during their military service and sustained service-related conditions or disabilities. Supporting these wounded, ill, and injured warriors once home are millions of informal caregivers-individuals who provide unpaid support with activities that enable the service member or veteran to live in a noninstitutionalized setting. In this study, researchers describe elements of a research blueprint to inform future efforts to improve support for military and veteran caregivers...
January 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
Patricia L Soares, Erick M G Cordeiro, Frederico N S Santos, Celso Omoto, Alberto S Correa
The rapid pace of conversion of natural areas to agricultural systems is highly concerning, and the consequences for conservation and pest management are not yet fully understood. We examined mitochondrial (COI and Cytb) and nuclear (ITS1) gene regions of 21 populations of the stink bug Euschistus heros, to investigate the genetic diversity, genetic structure, and demographic history of this emerging soybean pest in South America. Two deep lineages that diverged in the Pliocene (4.5 Myr) occur over wide areas of Brazil...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Miftahul Ilmi, Muhammad Y Abduh, Arne Hommes, Jozef G M Winkelman, Chusnul Hidayat, Hero J Heeres
Fatty acid butyl esters were synthesized from sunflower oil with 1-butanol using a homogeneous Rhizomucor miehei lipase in a biphasic organic (triglyceride, 1-butanol, hexane)- water (with enzyme) system in a continuous setup consisting of a cascade of a stirred tank reactor and a continuous centrifugal contactor separator (CCCS), the latter being used for integrated reaction and liquid-liquid separation. A fatty acid butyl ester yield up to 93% was obtained in the cascade when operated in a once-through mode...
January 17, 2018: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
Hero Robles, SungJae Park, Matthew S Joens, James A J Fitzpatrick, Clarissa S Craft, Erica L Scheller
Unlike white and brown adipose tissues, the bone marrow adipocyte (BMA) exists in a microenvironment containing unique populations of hematopoietic and skeletal cells. To study this microenvironment at the sub-cellular level, we performed a three-dimensional analysis of the ultrastructure of the BMA niche with focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM). This revealed that BMAs display hallmarks of metabolically active cells including polarized lipid deposits, a dense mitochondrial network, and areas of endoplasmic reticulum...
January 20, 2018: Bone
Erica L Scheller, Shaima Khandaker, Brian S Learman, William P Cawthorn, Lindsay M Anderson, H A Pham, Hero Robles, Zhaohua Wang, Ziru Li, Sebastian D Parlee, Becky R Simon, Hiroyuki Mori, Adam J Bree, Clarissa S Craft, Ormond A MacDougald
Bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT) is preserved or increased in states of caloric restriction. Similarly, we found that BMAT in the tail vertebrae, but not the red marrow in the tibia, resists loss of neutral lipid with acute, 48-hour fasting in rats. The mechanisms underlying this phenomenon and its seemingly distinct regulation from peripheral white adipose tissue (WAT) remain unknown. To test the role of β-adrenergic stimulation, a major regulator of adipose tissue lipolysis, we examined the responses of BMAT to β-adrenergic agonists...
January 19, 2018: Bone
John W Perry, David Hardy, Shvetank Agarwal, Gautam Agarwal
Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) grafts (Merit Medical Systems, Inc, South Jordan, Utah) provide a means for access in catheter-dependent hemodialysis patients but typically require several weeks for tissue incorporation. Modifying the HeRO graft with an ACUSEAL graft (W. L. Gore & Associates, Newark, Del) can allow immediate cannulation, thus reducing catheter dependence time and its associated complications. A retrospective review of patients at our institution from 2013 to 2016 who underwent placement of a modified HeRO dialysis system with ACUSEAL graft was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
Theodore N Pappas
General Douglas MacArthur was a towering public figure on an international stage for the first half of the 20th century. He was healthy throughout his life but developed a series of medical problems when he entered his 80s. This article reviews the General's medical care during two separate life-threatening medical crises that required surgical intervention. The first episode occurred in 1960 when MacArthur presented with renal failure due to an obstructed prostate. Four years later after his 84th birthday, MacArthur developed bile duct obstruction from common duct stones...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Mark Driscoll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Rebecca Angharad Ashton, Lucy Morris, Ian Smith
INTRODUCTION: Patient and visitor violence or aggression against healthcare workers in the Emergency Department (ED) is a significant issue worldwide. This review synthesises existing qualitative studies exploring the first-hand experiences of staff working in the ED to provide insight into preventing this issue. METHOD: A meta-ethnographic approach was used to review papers. RESULTS: Four concepts were identified: 'The inevitability of violence and aggression'; 'Staff judgments about why they face violence and aggression'; 'Managing in isolation'; and 'Wounded heroes'...
January 8, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
Hong-Liang Lu, Chun-Xia Xu, Yuan-Ting Jin, Jean-Marc Hero, Wei-Guo Du
Body size is directly linked to key life history traits such as growth, fecundity, and survivorship. Identifying the causes of body size variation is a critical task in ecological and evolutionary research. Body size variation along altitudinal gradients has received considerable attention; however, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we compared the growth rate and age structure of toad-headed lizards (Phrynocephalus vlangalii) from two populations found at different elevations in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Leif Jansson, Hero Kalkali, Freha Mulk Niazi
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between oral health and all-cause mortality rate over 44 years. In addition, the specific relations between oral health and death caused by cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer or other reasons were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An epidemiological investigation studying the oral health of the population consisting of 1393 randomly selected subjects was performed in the County of Stockholm. The individuals were invited to a clinical examination, an interview and a radiographic examination...
January 11, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
T Lynette Plenderleith, Danial Stratford, Gregory W Lollback, David G Chapple, Richard D Reina, Jean-Marc Hero
The strong association between amphibian activity, breeding and recruitment with local environmental conditions raises concerns regarding how changes in climate may affect the persistence of species populations into the future. Additionally, in a highly diverse assemblage of anurans, competition for breeding sites affects the time and duration of activity, as species compete for limited resources such as water. Meteorological conditions are strong drivers of amphibian activity, so we assessed whether temperature, rainfall, atmospheric pressure and humidity were associated with the calling phenology of an assemblage of anurans in South East Queensland, Australia...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
Jonathan M La Mantia, M A Rouf Mian, Margaret G Redinbaugh
Halyomorpha halys (Stål; Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), is a polyphagous nonnative insect first found in the United States in 1996. As of 2017, BMSB has been detected in 43 states and is a severe agricultural pest in mid-Atlantic states. On soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr (Fabales: Fabaceae), damage from BMSB infestation ranges from puncture marks with seed discoloration and deformities to seed and pod abortion. Host plant resistance has been used for managing pest populations and mitigating soybean yield losses caused by neotropical stink bugs (Eushistus heros, Nezara viridula, and Piezodorus guildinii) in Brazil and on the U...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
Masoud Khabiri, Maziar Ebrahimi, Mohammad Reza Saei
Statement of the Problem: File fracture can interfere with cleaning and shaping of the canal and compromise periradicular healing. Autoclave sterilization may prone the files to fracture. Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of autoclave sterilization on the cyclic fatigue resistance of Hero642 rotary instrument in two curvatures of 45 and 60 degrees. Materials and Method: For this experimental in-vitro study, 90 Nickel-Titanium HERO 642 rotary files #30 with 0...
December 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Josep M Borras, Cai Grau, Julieta Corral, Karen Wong, Michael B Barton, Jacques Ferlay, Freddie Bray, Yolande Lievens
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The optimal number of radiotherapy fractions is a relevant input for planning resource needs. An estimation of the total number of fractions by country and tumour site is assessed for 2012 and 2025. METHODS: European cancer incidence data by tumour site and country for 2012 and 2025 were extracted from the GLOBOCAN database. Incidence and stage data were introduced in the Australian Collaboration for Cancer Outcomes Research and Evaluation (CCORE) model, producing an evidence-based proportion of incident cases with an indication for radiotherapy and fractions by indication...
November 29, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Sneha Somani, Hamed Jalaeian, Ty B Dunn, Prashant Shrestha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
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