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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612293/nowhere-to-run-rabbit-the-cold-war-calculus-of-disease-ecology
#1
Warwick Anderson
During the cold war, Frank Fenner (protégé of Macfarlane Burnet and René Dubos) and Francis Ratcliffe (associate of A. J. Nicholson and student of Charles Elton) studied mathematically the coevolution of host resistance and parasite virulence when myxomatosis was unleashed on Australia's rabbit population. Later, Robert May called Fenner the "real hero" of disease ecology for his mathematical modeling of the epidemic. While Ratcliffe came from a tradition of animal ecology, Fenner developed an ecological orientation in World War II through his work on malaria control (with Ratcliffe and Ian Mackerras, among others)-that is, through studies of tropical medicine...
June 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610496/tributes-paid-to-nurse-who-died-while-helping-others-during-london-attack
#2
(no author information available yet)
The family of a nurse who died during the London terror attack has hailed her as a hero who 'ran towards danger' to help others.
June 14, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610303/type-specimens-and-names-assigned-to-coprophanaeus-megaphanaeus-d-olsoufieff-1924-the-largest-new-world-dung-beetles-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-phanaeini
#3
Maria E Maldaner, Mario Cupello, Daniela C Ferreira, Fernando Z Vaz-DE-Mello
Currently 13 species-group names assigned to the subgenus Megaphanaeus of Coprophanaeus are deemed available (or 'potentially available'), four of which denote valid species. In the present work we review the nomenclatural history of those names and conclude that two of them, Scarabaeus satelles Lichtenstein, 1796 and Copris ajax Sturm, 1826, are unavailable. For the other 11 names, we found type specimens of five, Scarabaeus bellicosus Olivier, 1789, Copris ensifer Germar, 1821, Phanaeus septentrionalis Pêssoa, 1934, P...
May 26, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608938/when-the-hero-becomes-the-villain
#4
Patrick Onkka, Roger Rodby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605397/pamps-prrs-effectors-and-r-genes-associated-with-citrus-pathogen-interactions
#5
Ronaldo J D Dalio, Diogo M Magalhães, Carolina M Rodrigues, Gabriella D Arena, Tiago S Oliveira, Reinaldo R Souza-Neto, Simone C Picchi, Paula M M Martins, Paulo J C Santos, Heros J Maximo, Inaiara S Pacheco, Alessandra A De Souza, Marcos A Machado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604193/after-the-horror-the-heroes
#6
(no author information available yet)
All of us will have felt shock and horror over the Manchester Arena bombing. That someone could descend into the barbarism required to target young concert goers is beyond belief. But after the horror came the heroes, as children's nurses stood shoulder to shoulder. The public was informed of the courage, dedication and commitment of the emergency services and NHS staff.
June 12, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588003/pituitary-adenoma-apoplexy-in-an-adolescent-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Hero Zijlker, Sebastian Schagen, Jan Maarten Wit, Biermasz Nienke, Wouter van Furth, Wilma Oostdijk
We present a 13-year-old boy who became progressively sleepy and experienced a sudden headache with vomiting and fever. Laboratory testing showed hypoglycemia, multiple pituitary hormonal deficiencies and elevated C-Reactive Protein (CRP). A cranial MRI showed an opaque sphenoid sinus and an intrasellar mass suspect for hemorrhage, so that we suspected a pituitary apoplexy (PA) originating from a non-functioning adenoma, although a pituitary abscess could not completely be excluded. The boy was treated with antibiotics, hydrocortisone and levothyroxine and a close follow-up to monitor the clinical course...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583961/the-united-states-leads-other-nations-in-differences-by-income-in-perceptions-of-health-and-health-care
#8
Joachim O Hero, Alan M Zaslavsky, Robert J Blendon
We examined income gaps in the period 2011-13 in self-assessments of personal health and health care across thirty-two middle- and high-income countries. While high-income respondents were generally more positive about their health and health care in most countries, the gap between them and low-income respondents was much bigger in some than in others. The United States has among the largest income-related differences in each of the measures we studied, which assessed both respondents' past experiences and their confidence about accessing needed health care in the future...
June 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569812/unsung-heroes-value-coordinating-roles-in-research
#9
Eleanor M Slade, Terhi Riutta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561869/caregivers-are-heroes-an-innovative-educational-strategy-designed-to-promote-compassion-caring-in-health-professional-students
#10
Nancy E Carson, Holly H Wise, Paul F Jacques
BACKGROUND: Compassionate care is recognized as an intrinsic element of patient-centered care. Although the evidence seems to indicate that compassionate care can be developed in health professions students, few methodologies reported have been interprofessional in nature. This paper describes Caregivers Are Heroes, an interprofessional educational strategy designed to imbue compassion/caring. METHODS: The sample population consisted of 51 caregivers and 170 students enrolled in three graduate programs during the 2014 summer semester...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561228/2017-gpoh-guidelines-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-patients-with-neuroblastic-tumors
#11
Thorsten Simon, Barbara Hero, Johannes H Schulte, Hedwig Deubzer, Patrick Hundsdoerfer, Dietrich von Schweinitz, Jörg Fuchs, Matthias Schmidt, Vikas Prasad, Barbara Krug, Beate Timmermann, Ivo Leuschner, Matthias Fischer, Thorsten Langer, Kathy Astrahantseff, Frank Berthold, Holger Lode, Angelika Eggert
The clinical course of neuroblastoma is more heterogeneous than any other malignant disease. Most low-risk patients experience regression after limited or even no chemotherapy. However, more than half of high-risk patients die from disease despite intensive multimodal treatment. Precise patient characterization at diagnosis is key for risk-adapted treatment. The guidelines presented here incorporate results from national and international clinical trials to produce recommendations for diagnosing and treating neuroblastoma patients in German hospitals outside of clinical trials...
May 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554463/accuracy-of-printed-dental-models-made-with-2-prototype-technologies-and-different-designs-of-model-bases
#12
Leonardo Tavares Camardella, Oswaldo de Vasconcellos Vilella, Hero Breuning
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of printed models from intraoral scans with different designs of model bases, using 2 types of 3-dimensional printing techniques. METHODS: Three types of model base design were created: regular base, horseshoe-shaped base, and horseshoe-shaped base with a bar connecting the posterior region. The digital models were printed with the 3-dimensional printers using different techniques: stereolithography and triple jetting technology (polyjet)...
June 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552162/epidemiology-clinical-presentation-diagnostic-evaluation-and-prognosis-of-cerebral-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas
#13
Mohamed Samy Elhammady, Sudheer Ambekar, Roberto C Heros
Dural arteriovenous fistulas are abnormal communications, within the dural leaflets, between meningeal arteries and dural venous sinuses and/or subarachnoid veins. Although many fistulas remain clinically silent and do not require treatment, presence of cortical venous reflux, intracranial bleed, and intolerable symptoms are the main indications for treatment. A thorough understanding of the natural history is of prime importance in the decision making and management of these lesions. In this chapter we discuss the epidemiology and natural history of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532730/readiness-for-and-predictors-of-evidence-base-practice-in-greek-healthcare-settings
#14
Athina E Patelarou, Aggelos Laliotis, Hero Brokalaki, John Petrakis, Vassilis Dafermos, Evmorfia Koukia
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) remains limited in healthcare settings and knowledge of predictors of healthcare professionals' EBP activities is lacking. AIM: Describe nurses' readiness for EBP and identify related predictors in Greek healthcare settings we conducted a survey. RESULTS: Nurses scored high in the EBP readiness scale reflecting significant positive readiness toward EBP and consistently reported favourable attitudes toward and beliefs about EBP...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469009/heroes-of-the-engram
#15
Sheena A Josselyn, Stefan Köhler, Paul W Frankland
In 1904, Richard Semon introduced the term "engram" to describe the neural substrate responsible for (or at least important in) storing and recalling memories (i.e., a memory trace). The recent introduction of a vast array of powerful new tools to probe and manipulate memory function at the cell and neuronal circuit level has spurred an explosion of interest in studying the engram. However, the present "engram renaissance" was not borne in isolation but rather builds on a long tradition of memory research. We believe it is important to acknowledge the debts our current generation of scientists owes to those scientists who have offered key ideas, persevered through failed experiments and made important discoveries before us...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458081/reactivity-studies-in-water-on-the-acid-catalysed-dehydration-of-psicose-compared-to-other-ketohexoses-into-5-hydroxymethylfurfural
#16
Robert-Jan van Putten, Jan C van der Waal, Ed de Jong, Hero J Heeres
The conversion of the four possible ketohexoses (fructose, tagatose, sorbose and psicose) into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) was explored in water using sulphuric acid as the catalyst (33 mM H2SO4, 120 °C). Significant differences in reactivity were observed and tagatose (48% conversion after 75 min) and psicose (35% conversion after 75 min) were clearly more reactive than fructose and sorbose (around 20% conversion after 75 min). The selectivity to HMF was found to be higher for fructose and psicose than for tagatose and sorbose...
April 13, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457278/accuracy-of-a-computed-tomography-scanning-procedure-to-manufacture-digital-models
#17
Amir M Darroudi, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman, Edwin M Ongkosuwito, Christiaan Maarten Suttorp, Ewald M Bronkhorst, K Hero Breuning
INTRODUCTION: Accurate articulation of the digital dental casts is crucial in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. We aimed to determine the accuracy of manufacturing digital dental casts from computed tomography scanning of plaster casts regarding linear dimensions and interarch relationships and to test whether eventual differences in interarch relationships between plaster and digital casts would affect orthodontic diagnostics. METHODS: Plaster casts with the wax bites of 2 patients were used to create digital dental casts with a computed tomography scanner...
May 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444012/are-there-differences-between-comparison-methods-used-to-evaluate-the-accuracy-and-reliability-of-digital-models
#18
Leonardo Tavares Camardella, Hero Breuning, Oswaldo de Vasconcellos Vilella
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy and reliability of plaster models and digital models acquired with two different surface laser scanners were tested by means of three methods: measurement with calipers, digital measurement with proper software and superimposition of the digital models. METHODS: Thirty plaster models with permanent dentition that met the inclusion criteria were selected and scanned with two laser scanners (R700 and Xcad). Three examiners measured distances on plaster models with a digital caliper and on digital models using Ortho Analyzer software...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441882/work-right-to-right-work-an-automythology-of-chronic-illness-and-work
#19
Lavanya Vijayasingham
Objectives Chronic illness is known to disrupt and redirect the usual course of work trajectories. This article aims to portray the longitudinal course of negotiating work after multiple sclerosis. Methods Using therapy and personal journals to reconstruct memories and experience, an autoethnography is produced and narrated within Campbell's "Hero's Journey" automythology framework. Results The narrative highlights the intrasubjectivity of illness meaning-the changing internal meaning-making and external behavior and decision-making dynamics...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439681/side-effects-of-pesticides-used-in-irrigated-rice-areas-on-telenomus-podisi-ashmead-hymenoptera-platygastridae
#20
Juliano de Bastos Pazini, Rafael Antonio Pasini, Enio Júnior Seidel, Matheus Rakes, José Francisco da Silva Martins, Anderson Dionei Grützmacher
Telenomus podisi Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) is an important agent for the biological control of stink bug eggs in irrigated rice areas and the best strategy for its preservation is the use of selective pesticides. The aim of this study was to know the side-effects of pesticides used in Brazilian irrigated rice areas on egg parasitoid T. podisi. We evaluated, under laboratory conditions, 13 insecticides, 11 fungicides, 11 herbicides, and a control (distilled water) in choice and no-choice tests. In the no-choice tests, the pesticides were sprayed at pre and post-parasitism stages (egg and larval stages of T...
April 24, 2017: Ecotoxicology
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