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Zineb Kindil, Mohamed Amine Senhaji, Amina Bakhchane, Hicham Charoute, Soumia Chihab, Sellama Nadifi, Abdelhamid Barakat
OBJECTIVE: Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous disease, associated with an inherited defect in one of eight different genes (XPA to XPG and XPV). In addition to the early onset of the skin manifestations, the XP group A is marked by the presence of a mild to severe neural disorders which appear tardily and worsens with age. In this study, 9 patients with moderate clinical profile belonging to 6 XP families were recruited to determine the XPA mutational spectrum in Morocco, using the direct sequencing of the whole coding region of the XPA gene...
December 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Kalaiyarasu Thangaraj, Manju Vaiyapuri
Orientin, a C-glycosyl dietary flavone profusely found in rooibos tea and passion fruit have gained much attention owing to their multiple pharmacological potentials. The present study intends to investigate the anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory efficacy of Orientin in 1,2-dimethyl hydrazine (DMH) induced colorectal cancer (CRC) in rats. Animals were arbitrarily segmented into six groups and fed with high-fat diet. Group 1 served as control. Group 2 received weekly subcutaneous injections of DMH (20 mg/kg b...
December 1, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Rohit Agarwal, Bhavna Chawla, Mohamed Ibrahime Asif, Amar Pujari
Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with multiple oculocutaneous manifestations.We discuss a unique case of XP having bilateral ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) and periocular basal cell carcinoma. In the right eye, a large OSSN mass involving the ocular surface extensively along with intraocular invasion was noted, whereas in the left eye, the tumour mass was involving the limbus, and extending up to three clock hours. Because of extensive disease in the right eye, orbital exenteration was performed, and for the left eye, a wide excision of the mass with triple freeze thaw cryo application to the margins followed by amniotic membrane grafting was done...
December 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Nouha Bouayed Abdelmoula, Balkiss Abdelmoula, Walid Smaoui, Imen Trabelsi, Rim Louati, Samir Aloulou, Wafa Aloulou, Fatma Abid, Senda Kammoun, Khaled Trigui, Olfa Bedoui, Hichem Denguir, Souad Mallek, Mustapha Ben Aziza, Jamila Dammak, Oldez Kaabi, Nawel Abdellaoui, Fatma Turki, Asma Kaabi, Wafa Kamoun, Jihen Jabeur, Wided Ltaif, Kays Chaker, Haytham Fourati, Samir M'rabet, Hedi Ben Ameur, Naourez Gouia, Mohamed Nabil Mhiri, Tarek Rebai
In the era of the diseasomes and interactome networks, linking genetics with phenotypic traits in Turner syndrome should be studied thoroughly. As a part of this stratagem, mosaicism of both X and Y chromosome which is a common finding in TS and an evaluation of congenital heart diseases in the different situations of mosaic TS types, can be helpful in the identification of disturbed sex chromosomes, genes and signaling pathway actors. Here we report the case of a mosaic TS associated to four left-sided CHD, including BAV, COA, aortic aneurysms and dissections at an early age...
December 1, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
Shu Juan Wu, Joshua A Hayden
Introduction: Sandwich immunoassays offer advantages in the clinical laboratory but can yield erroneously low results due to hook (prozone) effect, especially with analytes whose concentrations span several orders of magnitude such as ferritin. This study investigated a new approach to reduce the likelihood of hook effect in ferritin immunoassays by performing upfront, five-fold dilutions of all samples for ferritin analysis. The impact of this change on turnaround time and costs were also investigated...
February 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
Qingbo Zhao, Rong-Rong Liao, Hao Sun, Zhe Zhang, Qi-Shan Wang, Chang-Suo Yang, Xiang-Zhe Zhang, Yu-Chun Pan
The Dongxiang Blue-shelled chicken is one of the most valuable Chinese indigenous poultry breeds. However, compared to the Italian native White Leghorn, although this Chinese breed possesses numerous favorable characteristics, it also exhibits lower growth performance and fertility. We utilize genotyping sequencing data in this paper obtained via genome reduction on a sequencing platform to detect 100,114 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and perform further biological analysis and functional annotation...
November 29, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Saleem Iqbal, Dhanabalan Anantha Krishnan, Krishnasamy Gunasekaran
Protein kinases are ubiquitously expressed as Serine/Threonine kinases, and play a crucial role in cellular activities. Protein kinases have evolved through stringent regulation mechanisms. Protein kinase are also involved in tauopathy, thus are important targets for developing Anti-Alzheimer's disease compounds. Structures with an indole scaffold turned out to be potent new leads. With the aim of developing new inhibitors for human protein kinase C, here we report the generation of four point 3D geometric featured pharmacophore model...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Oliver Hagedorn, Ingo Fleute-Schlachter, Hans Georg Mainx, Viktoria Zeisler-Diehl, Kerstin Koch
This study performed with soybean (Glycine max L.), one of the most important crops for human and animal nutrition, demonstrates that changes in the leaf surface structure can increase the adhesion of applied droplets, even on superhydrophobic leaves, to reduce undesirable soil contamination by roll-off of agrochemical formulations from the plant surfaces. The wettability and morphology of soybean (Glycine max L.) leaf surfaces before and after treatment with six different surfactants (Agnique® SBO10 and five variations of nonionic surfactants) have been investigated...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Annalisa Mazzoni, Valeria Angeloni, Allegra Comba, Tatjana Maravic, Milena Cadenaro, Arzu Tezvergil-Mutluay, David H Pashley, Franklin R Tay, Lorenzo Breschi
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study were to evaluate the ability of a 1-ethyl-3 (3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC)-containing primer to improve immediate bond strength of either self-etch or etch-and-rinse adhesive systems and to stabilize the adhesive interfaces over time. A further objective was to investigate the effect of EDC on the dentinal MMPs activity using zymographic analysis. METHODS: Freshly extracted molars (n=80, 20 for each group) were selected to conduct microtensile bond strength tests...
November 24, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Pauline Espi, Sudip Parajuli, Meriem Benfodda, Anne-Sophie Lebre, Upama Paudel, Anne Grange, Virginie Grybek, Thomas Grange, Nadem Soufir, Florent Grange
BACKGROUND: Little is known about xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) in Himalayan countries. OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical characteristics of XP in Nepal and investigate its genetic bases. METHODS: This study was carried out on all consecutive patients referred for XP to a Nepalese tertiary referral centre in 2014-2015. Clinical data were collected using a standardized questionnaire. DNA was extracted from salivary samples and next generation sequencing (NGS) was conducted using a panel covering all 8 known XP genes (classical XP (XPA to XPG) and XP variant) and a skin cancer modifier gene, the melanocortin 1 receptor gene (MC1R)...
November 24, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Shabir Ahmad Ganai, Ehsaan Abdullah, Romana Rashid, Mohammad Altaf
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) regulate epigenetic gene expression programs by modulating chromatin architecture and are required for neuronal development. Dysregulation of HDACs and aberrant chromatin acetylation homeostasis have been implicated in various diseases ranging from cancer to neurodegenerative disorders. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi), the small molecules interfering HDACs have shown enhanced acetylation of the genome and are gaining great attention as potent drugs for treating cancer and neurodegeneration...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Mariem Ben Rekaya, Chokri Naouali, Olfa Messaoud, Meriem Jones, Yosra Bouyacoub, Majdi Nagara, Tommaso Pippucci, Haifa Jmel, Mariem Chargui, Manel Jerbi, Mohamed Alibi, Hamza Dallali, Anu Bashamboo, Kenneth McElreavey, Giovanni Romeo, Abdelhamid Barakat, Mohamed Zghal, Houda Yacoub-Youssef, Sonia Abdelhak
BACKGROUND: Skin cancers (SC) are complex diseases that develop from complex combinations of genetic and environmental risk factors. One of the most severe and rare genetic diseases predisposing to SC is the Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) syndrome. OBJECTIVES: First, to identify the genetic etiology of XP and to better classify affected patients. Second, to provide early molecular diagnosis for pre-symptomatic patient and finally to offer genetic counseling for related individuals...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
Busecan Aksoydan, Isik Kantarcioglu, Ismail Erol, Ramin Ekhteiari Salmas, Serdar Durdagi
Angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) antagonists are the most recent drug class against hypertension. Recently first crystal structure of AT1 receptor is deposited to the protein data bank (PDB ID: 4YAY). In this work, several molecular screening methods such as molecular docking and de novo design studies were performed and it is found that oxazolone and imidazolone derivatives reveal similar/better interaction energy profiles compared to the FDA approved sartan molecules at the binding site of the AT1 receptor...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Sonali Gupta, Parul Tewatia, Jyoti Misri, Rajni Singh
Present study demonstrated the expression of cloned Bacillus subtilis RSE163 keratinase gene and in silico binding affinities of deduced protein with psoriasis topical drugs for systemic absorption and permeation through skin. The ker gene expressed in E. coli showed significantly higher keratinase activity 450 ± 10.43 U representing 1342 bp nucleotides encoding 447 amino acids with molecular weight of 46 kDa. The modeled structure was validated using ramachandran's plot showing 305 residues (84.3%) in most favoured region...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Microbiology
Allen F Morey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Urology
Amit Chaudhary, Birendra Singh Yadav, Swati Singh, Pramod Kumar Maurya, Alok Mishra, Shweta Srivastva, Pritish Kumar Varadwaj, Nand Kumar Singh, Ashutosh Mani
Background: Ficus religiosa L. is generally known as Peepal and belongs to family Moraceae. The tree is a source of many compounds having high medicinal value. In gastrointestinal tract, histamine H2 receptors have key role in histamine-stimulated gastric acid secretion. Their over stimulation causes its excessive production which is responsible for gastric ulcer. Objective: This study aims to screen the range of phytochemicals present in F. religiosa for binding with human histamine H2 and identify therapeutics for a gastric ulcer from the plant...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Mohamed Asik Rajmohamed, Suganthy Natarajan, Premkumar Palanisamy, Akbarsha Mohammad Abdulkader, Archunan Govindaraju
Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder clinically characterized by memory loss and impaired cognitive function. Cholinergic enzyme deficiency and oxidative stress are the two major factors implicated in the pathogenesis of AD. The symptomatic treatment, as of now, is the use of cholinesterase inhibitors toward cholinergic "downturn." Therefore, there is a search for compounds that will be useful in focused therapies. There has been suggestion that Terminalia chebula fruit would be a potential source...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Xiaoguang Sunny Li, Shu Li, Gottfried Kellermann
Accurate quantitation of estrogens (i.e, estrone (E1), estradiol (E2) and estriol (E3)) is valuable for clinical assessment of human health and disease. Alterations in estrogen levels have been implicated in numerous pathological conditions. However, inadequacies in sensitivity and specificity, cumbersome sample preparation and invasive specimen collection hamper the usability of available methods for clinical applications. Herein, a simple, rapid, highly sensitive and specific LC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of three estrogens in human saliva providing a non-invasive alternative to conventional blood samples...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
Phillip R Musich, Zhengke Li, Yue Zou
The sensitivity of Xeroderma pigmentosa (XP) patients to sunlight has spurred the discovery and genetic and biochemical analysis of the eight XP gene products (XPA-XPG plus XPV) responsible for this disorder. These studies also have served to elucidate the nucleotide excision repair (NER) process, especially the critical role played by the XPA protein. More recent studies have shown that NER also involves numerous other proteins normally employed in DNA metabolism and cell cycle regulation. Central among these is ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related (ATR), a protein kinase involved in intracellular signaling in response to DNA damage, especially DNA damage-induced replicative stresses...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Lican Han, Wei Zheng, Yanhong Zhai, Xin Xie, Jingnan Zhang, Shaozu Zhang, Zhen Zhao, Zheng Cao
BACKGROUND: As a result of physiological and metabolic changes during pregnancy, thyroid hormones can be affected significantly throughout entire three trimesters. According to the guidelines published by American Thyroid Association in 2017, it is strongly recommended to establish population-based trimester-specific and assay method-specific reference intervals (RIs) using local population. METHODS: A total of 1209 pregnant women without personal or family history of thyroid disease were recruited from July 2015 to April 2017 at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
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