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Neurogenic pulmonary edema

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288410/coronary-fat-embolism-following-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-an-experimental-study
#1
Ednan Bayram, Canan Atalay, Ender Altaş, Yavuzer Koza, Eşref Kabalar, Mahmut Açıkel, Mehmet Dumlu Aydın
BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) can lead to neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE), and chylomicron metabolism may be altered unfavorably in acute lung injury. This study aimed to investigate the possible effect of NPE on the development of coronary fat embolism. METHODS: This study was conducted on 27 rabbits, 5 of which were used as the control (n=5). Experimental SAH was induced in 15 of the animals by injecting homologous blood into the cisterna magna, and the remaining 7 animals were administered only isotonic saline solution (Sham, n=7) in the same manner under general anesthesia...
March 7, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187807/neuropulmonology
#2
A Balofsky, J George, P Papadakos
Neuropulmonology refers to the complex interconnection between the central nervous system and the respiratory system. Neurologic injury includes traumatic brain injury, hemorrhage, stroke, and seizures, and in each there are far-reaching effects that can result in pulmonary dysfunction. Systemic changes can induce impairment of pulmonary function due to changes in the core structure and function of the lung. The conditions and disorders that often occur in these patients include aspiration pneumonia, neurogenic pulmonary edema, and acute respiratory distress syndrome, but also several abnormal respiratory patterns and sleep-disordered breathing...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169967/a-pediatric-case-with-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-and-neurogenic-pulmonary-edema-due-to-an-epidural-hemorrhage
#3
Yuki Nakamori, Noriko Miyazawa, Kenji Yoshitani, Shinichi Yamamoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168536/systemic-complications-following-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#4
REVIEW
Ravi Garg, Barak Bar
Many systemic complications follow aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and are primarily due to sympathetic nervous system activation. These complications play an important role in the overall outcome of patients. The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the diagnosis, pathophysiology, and management of systemic complications specifically associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Special focus has been made on systemic complications that occur more frequently in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage compared to other stroke subtypes and in the neurocritical care patient population...
January 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138770/could-cardiac-biomarkers-predict-neurogenic-pulmonary-edema-in-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#5
Tijana Nastasovic, Branko Milakovic, Jelena Eric Marinkovic, Danica Grujicic, Mila Stosic
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a clinical syndrome characterized by the acute onset of pulmonary edema after a significant central nervous system (CNS) insult. NPE occurs as a result of release of catecholamines into the blood immediately after aneurysm rupture. The aim of this study is to investigate the connection between the value of cardiac biomarkers on admission and incidence of NPE in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: A total of 262 SAH patients (162 women, 100 men) were prospectively included in the study...
January 30, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851556/1921-pulmonary-edema-presenting-as-multinodular-lesions-a-rare-case-of-neurogenic-pulmonary-edema
#6
Rizwan Shahid, Leopoldine Modjo Kenmogne, Himan Goli, Noor Ul Huda Mehdi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833858/neurogenic-pulmonary-edema-combined-with-febrile-seizures-in-early-childhood-a-report-of-two-cases
#7
Keiji Tasaka, Kousaku Matsubara, Masayuki Hori, Hiroyuki Nigami, Aya Iwata, Kenichi Isome, Yu Kawasaki, Sadayuki Nagai
Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a clinical entity that can occur following central nervous system disorders. However, NPE occurs quite rarely in early childhood, and there has only been one report about pediatric NPE associated with febrile seizures. Two cases are reported here. One case involved a 2-year-old girl who presented with febrile seizures, which rapidly progressed to severe NPE. Since the NPE occurred in the emergency department room, the patient was able to be resuscitated via immediate endotracheal intubation...
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826325/enterovirus-71-infection-and-neurological-complications
#8
REVIEW
Kyung Yeon Lee
Since the outbreak of the enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection in Malaysia in 1997, large epidemics of EV71 have occurred in the Asia-Pacific region. Many children and infants have died from serious neurological complications during these epidemics, and EV71 infection has become a serious public health problem in these areas. EV71 infection causes hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in children, and usually resolves spontaneously. However, EV71 occasionally involves the central nervous system (CNS), and induces diverse neurological complications such as brainstem encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, and acute flaccid paralysis...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759556/ex-vivo-lung-perfusion-establishment-and-operationalization-in-iran
#9
Shadi Shafaghi, Azizollah Abbasi Dezfuli, Zahra Ansari Aval, Kambiz Sheikhy, Behrooz Farzanegan, Esmaeil Mortaz, Habib Emami, Clemens Aigner, Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini-Baharanchi, Katayoun Najafizadeh
OBJECTIVES: Although the number of lung transplants is limited because of general shortage of organ donors, ex vivo lung perfusion is a novel method with 2 main benefits, including better evaluation of lung potential and recovery of injured lungs. The main aim of this study was to establish and operationalize ex vivo lung perfusion as the first experience in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective operational research study on 5 cases, including 1 pig from Vienna Medical University and 4 patients from Masih Daneshvari Hospital...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698733/role-of-picco-monitoring-for-the-integrated-management-of-neurogenic-pulmonary-edema-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Xiaoping Lin, Zhijun Xu, Pengfei Wang, Yan Xu, Gensheng Zhang
Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is occasionally observed in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, this condition is often underappreciated. NPE is frequently misdiagnosed due to its atypical clinical performance, thus delaying appropriate treatment. A comprehensive management protocol of NPE in patients with TBI has yet to be established. The current study reported the case of a 67-year-old man with severe TBI who was transferred to our intensive care unit (ICU). On day 7 after hospitalization, the patient suddenly suffered tachypnea, tachycardia, systemic hypertension and hypoxemia during lumbar cistern drainage...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605482/-ruptured-internal-carotid-artery-aneurysm-coiling-in-a-patient-with-ipsilateral-internal-carotid-artery-occlusion-via-the-posterior-communicating-artery
#11
Noriaki Ashida, Minoru Saitoh, Atsushi Fujita, Eiji Kohmura
<i>Background</i>:<i>De novo</i> aneurysms after internal carotid artery(ICA)occlusion occur in the contralateral ICA or anterior communicating artery. Hemodynamic changes with increased blood flow to the contralateral carotid circulation were considered the main factor for the formation of these aneurysms. We report a rare case of ruptured ICA aneurysm associated with ipsilateral ICA occlusion treated with coil embolization via the vertebrobasilar and posterior communicating arteries...
September 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593821/first-report-of-vagal-ischemia-induced-lung-immune-componenet-infarct-following-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-experimental-study
#12
Canan Atalay, Betül Gündoğdu, Mehmet Dumlu Aydin
AIM: Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is the most serious complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Because vagal nerves have vital roles in the lung functions, vagal ischemia may be a causative role on the pathogenesis of NPE. We examined whether there was a relationship between the vagal complex ischemia and lung immune complex occupying lymph node infarct in SAH. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two rabbits were divided into three groups: Control (n=5), SHAM (n=5) and SAH applied group (n=22) by way of autologous blood injection to cisterna magna and followed three weeks...
March 28, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573647/neurogenic-pulmonary-edema-in-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#13
A Saracen, Z Kotwica, A Woźniak-Kosek, P Kasprzak
Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is observed in cerebral injuries and has an impact on treatment results, being a predictor of fatal prognosis. In this study we retrospectively reviewed medical records of 250 consecutive patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) for the frequency and treatment results of NPE. The following factors were taken under consideration: clinical status, aneurysm location, presence of NPE, intracranial pressure (ICP), and mortality. All patients had plain- and angio-computer tomography performed...
August 30, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476337/electrocardiographic-abnormalities-predict-adverse-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#14
Limin Zhang, Sihua Qi
BACKGROUND: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of a large sample to assess whether electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities are independently associated with the occurrence of neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE), delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI), and in-hospital death after nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, patients who were admitted within 72 hours of SAH symptom onset between 2013 and 2015 were enrolled...
November 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468506/-autonomic-nervous-system-and-its-imbalance-in-neuro-intensive-care-unit
#15
REVIEW
K A Popugaev, A Yu Lubnin, M V Zabelin, A S Samoylov
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) provides homeostasis due to the innervation of the secretory glands, smooth muscle and cardiac muscle. Higher centers of the ANS (primarily the hypothalamus, some centers of the brain stem and limbic system) form a integrative network, which plays a key role in coordinating the functioning of the endocrine, immune system and other parts of the central nervous system. Intracranial centers of the ANS are responsible for the consciousness, behavioral, emotional, and other components of the higher nervous activity...
March 2016: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424500/improving-donor-lung-suitability-from-protective-strategies-to-ex-vivo-reconditioning
#16
REVIEW
Paolo Solidoro, Annia Schreiber, Massimo Boffini, Fulvio Braido, Fabiano DI Marco
Lung transplant is a therapeutic option for end stage lung diseases, but only a limited number of lung grafts is considered suitable for transplantation. It has been recently suggested an approach to improve and maximize donor lung suitability, namely ventilation strategies to prevent lung damage and preserve function before transplantation. In potential lung donor patients, the use of lung-protective ventilatory strategies may protect against and at least partially reverse some conditions, such as ventilator-induced lung injury, atelectasis and neurogenic pulmonary edema, resulting in improved donor organ procurement...
June 2016: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411798/generalized-convulsion-complicating-acute-diffuse-pulmonary-hemorrhage-the-report-of-a-rare-case
#17
Pei-Ya Chen, Mei-Chen Yang, Yi-Chih Huang, Shinn-Kuang Lin
PURPOSE: The immediate complications associated with a generalized tonic-clonic (GTC) seizure usually involve injuries such as aspiration pneumonia, head injury, skull or vertebral fracture and orolingual biting injury. Here we present a young man who suffered from GTC that was followed by a rare complication, acute diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage, which presented with massive hemoptysis and subsequent respiratory failure. CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old boy developed a GTC convulsion that lasted for about two minutes and then regained consciousness 15 minutes later...
March 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308868/improving-donor-lung-suitability-from-protective-strategies-to-ex-vivo-reconditioning
#18
Paolo Solidoro, Annia Schreiber, Massimo Boffini, Fulvio Braido, Fabiano DI Marco
Lung transplant is a therapeutic option for end stage lung diseases, but only a limited number of lung grafts is considered suitable for transplantation. It has been recently suggested an approach to improve and maximize donor lung suitability, namely ventilation strategies to prevent lung damage and preserve function before transplantation. In potential lung donor patients, the use of lung-protective ventilatory strategies may protect against and at least partially reverse some conditions, such as ventilator-induced lung injury, atelectasis and neurogenic pulmonary edema, resulting in improved donor organ procurement...
June 15, 2016: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179636/stunned-myocardium-after-an-anesthetic-procedure-in-a-pediatric-patient-case-report
#19
Joana Faleiro Oliveira, Susana Rebelo Pacheco, Marta Moniz, Pedro Nunes, Clara Abadesso, Mónica Rebelo, Helena Loureiro, Helena Almeida
Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acquired transient type of systolic dysfunction which mimics myocardial infarction clinically and electrocardiographically. TTS is also known as stress cardiomyopathy, broken heart syndrome, apical ballooning, reversible acute heart failure, neurogenic stunned myocardium or acute catecholamine cardiomyopathy. This case report describes an uncommon presentation of myocardial stunning after an anesthetic procedure. A 14-year-old girl with a history of pineal cyst and hemiplegic migraine was admitted for control brain magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132179/rational-roots-of-sympathetic-overactivity-by-neurogenic-pulmonary-edema-modeling-arising-from-sympathyco-vagal-imbalance-in-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-an-experimental-study
#20
Mehmet Resid Onen, Ilhan Yilmaz, Leyla Ramazanoglu, Osman Tanrıverdi, Mehmet Dumlu Aydin, Ayhan Kanat, Coskun Yolas, Sare Sipal
BACKGROUND: Autonomous innervations of the lungs are maintained by cervical sympathetic and vagal nerves. Sympathetic overactivity-induced neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is known as a serious complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage, but the rational neuronal mechanism of that overactivity has not yet been clarified fully. The aim of this study was to examine whether there is a relationship between vagal nerve ischemia related sympathetic overactivity and neurogenic pulmonary edema in subarachnoid hemorrhage...
August 2016: World Neurosurgery
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