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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316938/accidental-non-masturbatory-non-intercourse-related-self-inflicted-penile-fracture-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Christopher Bastianpillai, Aijing Wang, Jeevan Kumaradevan, Sudhanshu Chitale
Penile fracture is a relatively rare condition arising from a rupture of the corpus cavernosum. In the western world, it is most commonly associated with sexual intercourse. We hereby, report a rare case of accidental, non-masturbatory, self-inflicted penile fracture. It was diagnosed promptly based on clinical assessment, confirmed radiologically and managed surgically, resulting in a good long-term clinical outcome. Our case highlights the importance of maintaining a high index of suspicion to diagnose this rare condition, even in the absence of a typical mechanism of injury, in order to ensure that such an injury is not missed...
May 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316319/epileptic-spasms-in-paediatric-post-traumatic-epilepsy-at-a-tertiary-referral-centre
#2
Jun T Park, Harry T Chugani
To recognize epileptic spasms (ES) as a seizure type after traumatic brain injury (TBI), accidental or non-accidental, in infants and children. In the process, we aim to gain some insight into the mechanisms of epileptogenesis in ES. A retrospective electronic chart review was performed at the Children's Hospital of Michigan from 2002 to 2012. Electronic charts of 321 patients were reviewed for evidence of post-traumatic epilepsy. Various clinical variables were collected including age at TBI, mechanism of trauma, severity of brain injury, electroencephalography/neuroimaging data, and seizure semiology...
March 17, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302284/hospital-based-screening-tools-in-the-identification-of-non-accidental-trauma
#3
Dani O Gonzalez, Katherine J Deans
Over 700,000 children are victims of abuse and neglect each year in the United States. Effective screening programs that entail broad capture of suspected non-accidental trauma (NAT) may help to identify sentinel injuries. This can facilitate earlier detection and psychosocial interventions in hopes of decreasing recurrent NAT, which confers a higher mortality rate. The purpose of this article is to outline essential components of hospital-based NAT screening tools and highlight existing programs. In general, these tools should include several components: education sessions for healthcare providers on how to identify signs of NAT, automated notes or checklists within the electronic medical record to prompt specialty referrals, and a multidisciplinary team of experts that can address the needs of these children in the acute care setting...
February 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288307/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-mexican-young-adults-prevalence-associations-with-suicidal-behavior-and-psychiatric-disorders-and-dsm-5-proposed-diagnostic-criteria
#4
Corina Benjet, Irene González-Herrera, Everardo Castro-Silva, Enrique Méndez, Guilherme Borges, Leticia Casanova, Maria Elena Medina-Mora
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) may lead to scarring, infection, accidental death and psychological distress. Little is known about NSSI in the general population of young adults in developing countries like Mexico. The current study examined the prevalence of any NSSI and each type of NSSI, the prevalence of meeting DSM-5 proposed criteria, and finally the association of NSSI with socio-demographic variables, suicidal behavior and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: This study was conducted in a community sample of 1071 young adults between 19 and 26 years of age residents of Mexico City...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279515/flame-time-of-a-cigarette-lighter-to-achieve-temperature-capable-of-inflicting-a-burn
#5
Svetlana Harel, Brooke Burkey, Autumn D Nanassy, Michele Marcolongo, Evan Phillips, Christine Campbell, Maria D McColgan
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette lighters are frequent vectors in intentional contact burns. Time and temperature needed to cause thermal injury are considered to differentiate accidental from inflicted burns. This study examines the minimum time needed to heat a cigarette lighter's top to temperatures capable of inflicting any clinically visible skin burn. This information could be useful in child abuse and other forensic cases. METHODS: A literature search was performed to establish the time and temperature at which partial/full thickness skin burns are acquired, regardless of vector...
March 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122573/risk-factors-of-bicycle-traffic-injury-among-middle-school-students-in-chaoshan-rural-areas-of-china
#6
Zhen-Bin Lin, Yan-Hu Ji, Qing-Yu Xiao, Li-Bo Luo, Li-Ping Li, Bernard Choi
BACKGROUND: Bicycle injuries are a leading cause of accidental death among children in the world, and bicycle-related injuries are also very common in China, thus to find out bicycle injury risk factors is imperative. This study aims to identify the cyclist-, bicycle- and road-related risk factors of bicycle injury, to develop health education programs as an intervention and to provide a scientific basis for establishing policies against bicycle injury. METHODS: We selected two middle schools randomly among seven schools in Chaoshan rural areas,where the main means of transportation for students from home to school was bicycle...
January 26, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096106/non-accidental-injury-or-congenital-infection
#7
Anne-Laure Hérissé, Christine Chiaverini, Thomas Hubiche, Antoine Tran, Jennifer Rondel, Olivier Rosello, Lisa Giovannini-Chami, Hervé Haas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065425/clinical-outcome-of-patients-with-self-inflicted-burns
#8
P A Cornet, A S Niemeijer, G D Figaroa, M A van Daalen, T W Broersma, M E van Baar, G I J M Beerthuizen, M K Nieuwenhuis
INTRODUCTION: Patients with self-inflicted burns (SIB) are thought to have a longer length of stay compared to patients with accidental burns. However, other predictors for a longer length of stay are often not taken into account, e.g. percentage of the body surface area burned, age or comorbidities. Therefore, we wanted to study the outcome of patients with SIB at our burn center. METHODS: A retrospective, observational study was conducted. All adult patients with acute burns admitted to the burn center of the Martini Hospital Groningen, between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013 were included...
January 5, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063602/imaging-and-reporting-considerations-for-suspected-physical-abuse-non-accidental-injury-in-infants-and-young-children-part-1-initial-considerations-and-appendicular-skeleton
#9
REVIEW
M Paddock, A Sprigg, A C Offiah
Recognising the skeletal manifestations of inflicted injury (II) in infants and young children is of crucial importance. There are specific fracture patterns which are highly suspicious of II in addition to common differential diagnoses with which radiologists should be familiar. Our objective is to provide a non-exhaustive review of the important factors relevant to the imaging and reporting of II as a platform for further learning. Part 1 encompasses important initial considerations and fracture patterns of the appendicular skeleton...
March 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041748/keeping-pace-with-the-media-giant-hogweed-burns-a-case-series-and-comprehensive-review
#10
REVIEW
Benjamin G Baker, James Bedford, Suryakant Kanitkar
Phytophotodermatitis is almost exclusively reported in the dermatological literature, but may progress to a chemical burn. There has been widespread media reporting during the summer of 2015 of burns caused by giant hogweed. However, there is a lack of awareness of this mechanism of injury amongst the burn multidisciplinary team, and there have been no published articles in the surgical literature regarding plant burns, other than sporadic case reports, for 20 years. We present a comprehensive review of plant burns and three cases from our adult and paediatric Burn Centres of burns caused by giant hogweed...
December 29, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027778/imaging-and-reporting-considerations-for-suspected-physical-abuse-non-accidental-injury-in-infants-and-young-children-part-2-axial-skeleton-and-differential-diagnoses
#11
REVIEW
M Paddock, A Sprigg, A C Offiah
Recognising the skeletal manifestations of inflicted injury (II) in infants and young children is of crucial importance. There are specific fracture patterns which are highly suspicious of II in addition to common differential diagnoses with which radiologists should be familiar. Our objective is to provide a non-exhaustive review of the important factors relevant to the imaging and reporting of II as a platform for further learning. Part 2 encompasses fracture patterns of the axial skeleton and important differential diagnoses...
March 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010184/prospective-memory-7-years-after-severe-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-the-tge-2-prospective-longitudinal-study
#12
Agata Krasny-Pacini, Leila Francillette, Hanna Toure, Dominique Brugel, Anne Laurent-Vannier, Philippe Meyer, Jonathan Evans, Mathilde Chevignard
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term outcome in prospective memory (PM), seven years after childhood severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), in a prospective longitudinal cohort. PARTICIPANTS: 76 young individuals (aged 7-22 years): 39 patients with a severe accidental TBI included prospectively seven years earlier, aged 0-15 years at injury, and 37 controls individually matched on age, gender and parental education. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Three novel short PM tasks varying in the delay, motivation and context (ecological versus paper and pencil task)...
December 23, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007317/examining-the-role-of-follow-up-skeletal-surveys-in-non-accidental-trauma
#13
Rebecca D Powell-Doherty, Nora E Raynor, Donna A Goodenow, David G Jacobs, Anthony Stallion
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing NAT (non-accidental trauma) includes a skeletal survey to identify injuries. A follow-up survey is performed for missed injuries. This study examines the necessity of follow-up surveys. METHODS: The trauma database identified cases of suspected NAT in <4 years olds (2013-2014). Data were stratified by survey, age, injury, then analyzed for the prevalence of findings. All analyses (relative risk, prevalence and odds ratios) utilized RealStats Resource Pack (Trento, Italy)...
December 11, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899148/undereporting-of-acute-pesticide-poisoning-in-tanzania-modelling-results-from-two-cross-sectional-studies
#14
Elikana E Lekei, Aiwerasia V Ngowi, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Acute pesticide poisoning (APP) is known to cause serious injuries to end users globally but the magnitude of this problem in Tanzania is not well known. This study aimed to determine the extent and pattern of underreporting of APP in Tanzania to inform the development of a surveillance system and appropriate interventions. METHODS: This study integrates findings from two recent Tanzanian studies. A household survey established the proportion of poisoned farmers in a typical rural area who reported to hospital for a pesticide poisoning...
November 29, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862642/external-validation-of-the-pecarn-head-trauma-prediction-rules-in-japan
#15
Kentaro Ide, Satoko Uematsu, Kenichi Tetsuhara, Satoshi Yoshimura, Takahiro Kato, Tohru Kobayashi
OBJECTIVES: The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) head trauma prediction rules are used to assist computed tomography (CT) decision-making for children with minor head trauma. Although the PECARN rules have been validated in North America and Europe, they have not yet been validated in Asia. In Japan, there are no clinical decision rules for children with minor head trauma. The rate of head CT for children with minor head trauma in Japan is high since CT is widely accessible across the country...
March 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832341/non-accidental-trauma-the-role-of-radiology
#16
Cory M Pfeifer, Matthew R Hammer, Kate L Mangona, Timothy N Booth
Non-accidental trauma is a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. Given the vulnerable state of the child, the radiologist can often provide valuable diagnostic information in the setting of suspected abuse. This review focuses on common findings of abusive trauma and serves as a guide to aid in clinical decision-making for providers of emergency medicine and pediatrics. Amid this discussion is an assessment of modern controversies regarding reported mimicking pathologies, recapitulation of the current state of evidence with respect to radiologic findings of abuse, and examination of the contribution that spine imaging may add to the diagnosis of possible abusive head trauma in the acutely injured child...
November 10, 2016: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827842/the-impacts-of-air-temperature-on-accidental-casualties-in-beijing-china
#17
Pan Ma, Shigong Wang, Xingang Fan, Tanshi Li
Emergency room (ER) visits for accidental casualties, according to the International Classification of Deceases 10th Revision Chapters 19 and 20, include injury, poisoning, and external causes (IPEC). Annual distribution of 187,008 ER visits that took place between 2009 and 2011 in Beijing, China displayed regularity rather than random characteristics. The annual cycle from the Fourier series fitting of the number of ER visits was found to explain 63.2% of its total variance. In this study, the possible effect and regulation of meteorological conditions on these ER visits are investigated through the use of correlation analysis, as well as statistical modeling by using the Distributed Lag Non-linear Model and Generalized Additive Model...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805961/intraoperative-adverse-events-in-abdominal-surgery-what-happens-in-the-operating-room-does-not-stay-in-the-operating-room
#18
Jordan D Bohnen, Michael N Mavros, Elie P Ramly, Yuchiao Chang, D Dante Yeh, Jarone Lee, Marc de Moya, David R King, Peter J Fagenholz, Kathryn Butler, George C Velmahos, Haytham M A Kaafarani
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the impact of intraoperative adverse events (iAEs) on 30-day postoperative mortality, 30-day postoperative morbidity, and postoperative length of stay (LOS) among patients undergoing abdominal surgery. We hypothesized that iAEs would be associated with significant increases in each outcome. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The relationship between iAEs and postoperative clinical outcomes remains largely unknown. METHODS: The 2007 to 2012 institutional ACS-NSQIP and administrative databases for abdominal surgeries were matched then screened for iAEs using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's 15 Patient Safety Indicator, "Accidental Puncture/Laceration"...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771046/improving-national-standards-of-child-protection-skeletal-surveys-the-value-of-college-guidance
#19
H Patel, S Swinson, K Johnson
AIM: To re-assess the content and quality of skeletal surveys performed in the investigation of non-accidental injury following the publication of nationally agreed guidelines produced jointly by the Royal College of Radiologists and the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health in 2008. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive skeletal surveys performed in England, which were sent to a tertiary paediatric hospital for a second opinion, were reviewed for their content and quality...
March 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766468/early-diffusion-restriction-of-white-matter-in-infants-with-small-subdural-hematomas-is-associated-with-delayed-atrophy
#20
Cameron A Elliott, Vijay Ramaswamy, Francois D Jacob, Tejas Sankar, Vivek Mehta
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality. In these patients, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is the test of choice to describe the extent of microstructural injury. CASE PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION: In this case series, we describe novel acute and chronic MRI findings in four infants (6-19 months) with small, unilateral subdural hematomas in whom the etiology of head injury was suspicious for non-accidental trauma (NAT)...
February 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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