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Inflicted injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691872/a-study-of-the-pharmacokinetics-and-thromboxane-inhibitory-activity-of-a-single-intramuscular-dose-of-carprofen-as-a-means-to-establish-its-potential-use-as-an-analgesic-drug-in-white-rhinoceros
#1
M Leiberich, R Krebber, M Hewetson, J Marais, V Naidoo
The alleviation of pain and prevention of suffering are key aspects of animal welfare. Unfortunately, analgesic drugs are not available for all species. White rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum), representing one of such species, which survive poaching attempts inflicted with severe facial injuries and gunshot wounds, nonetheless require analgesic support. To improve treatment conditions, this study explored the use of carprofen for the treatment of pain and inflammation in white rhinoceros. The pharmacokinetics of 1 mg/kg intramuscular carprofen was evaluated in six healthy white rhinoceros...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688229/the-medical-assessment-of-fractures-in-suspected-child-maltreatment-infants-and-young-children-with-skeletal-injury
#2
Laurel Chauvin-Kimoff, Claire Allard-Dansereau, Margaret Colbourne
Fractures are common injuries in childhood. While most fractures are caused by accidental trauma, inflicted trauma (maltreatment) is a serious and potentially unrecognized cause of fractures, particularly in infants and young children. This practice point identifies the clinical features that prompt concern for inflicted skeletal injury and outlines a management approach based on current literature and published guidelines, including the clinician's duty to report suspicion of child abuse to child welfare authorities...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683045/accidental-cut-throat-injuries-from-the-broken-windshield-of-an-auto-rickshaw-two-unusual-cases
#3
Rajanikanta Swain, Shivani Dhaka, Munish Sharma, Mantaran Singh Bakshi, O P Murty, Asit Kumar Sikary
Accidental cut-throat injuries are extremely rare and usually involve a sharp-edged weapon. In this paper, two cases of a cut-throat wound to two auto-rickshaw drivers are presented where the broken windshield of the auto-rickshaws was responsible for the wounds. In both the cases, fatal incised wounds were present over the neck, cutting the soft tissue along with the major vessels. The death occurred due to exsanguination caused by neck-vessel injury in one case and trachea along with neck-vessel injury in the second case...
January 1, 2018: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675625/multidetector-ct-of-iatrogenic-and-self-inflicted-vascular-lesions-and-infections-at-the-groin
#4
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini, Anna Maria Ierardi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Domenico Laganà
The number and complexity of endovascular procedures performed via either arterial or venous access are steadily increasing. Albeit associated with higher morbidity compared to the radial approach, the traditional common femoral artery remains the preferred access site in a variety of cardiac, aortic, oncologic and peripheral vascular procedures. Both transarterial and venous cannulation (for electrophysiology, intravenous laser ablation and central catheterisation) at the groin may result in potentially severe vascular access site complications (VASC)...
April 19, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667639/-a-change-in-the-direction-of-the-wound-channel-in-the-case-of-the-combined-injury-inflicted-by-a-shot-from-the-9-0-mm-makarov-pistol
#5
A A Gusarov, I Yu Makarov, V A Fetisov
The authors present an example from the expert practice demonstrating the influence of such factors as the properties of the ammunition fired from a weapon (including its weight, size, shape, and speed) as well as the anatomical features of the body tissues being affected on the mechanism of formation of a gunshot wound in the human body. The investigation of the suicide of subject P. has demonstrated the penetrating bullet wound of the neck and the head. The entrance wound was located at the anterior neck surface and the exit one in the left half of the occipital region...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667629/-the-characteristic-of-the-injuries-inflicted-by-a-zelinka-speargun-shot
#6
N M Krupnov, A L Shkutenko, A V Fedotov, A V Sashin
The available literature reports only rare cases of injuries inflicted by the speargun shots. The last publication of this sort of which we are aware dates back to 1960. This article describes an example from the expert practice concerning the accident involving a wound caused by the speargun shot to a member of an amateur fishing party. The authors examined the weapon of injury (a 'Zelinka' speargun), the harpoon, its head, and fragments of the skin with the traces of the punctured wound obtained from the corpse of the victim...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667628/-the-modern-day-forensic-medical-aspects-of-the-stab-and-slash-injuries
#7
S I Indianinov, F Kh Boimanov
This article presents a review of scientific literature concerning investigations on the peculiar features of the stab and slash injuries. It is shown that the currently available data provide a basis for the elucidation, with great probability, the specific group and narrow-group features characteristic of various types of pricking and piercing objects with which the stab and slash injuries are known to be inflicted. The large variety of such objects (weapons) dictates the necessity to carry out further investigations...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661941/mental-health-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-compared-with-their-peers
#8
Tracy A Becerra-Culqui, Yuan Liu, Rebecca Nash, Lee Cromwell, W Dana Flanders, Darios Getahun, Shawn V Giammattei, Enid M Hunkeler, Timothy L Lash, Andrea Millman, Virginia P Quinn, Brandi Robinson, Douglas Roblin, David E Sandberg, Michael J Silverberg, Vin Tangpricha, Michael Goodman
BACKGROUND: Understanding the magnitude of mental health problems, particularly life-threatening ones, experienced by transgender and/or gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth can lead to improved management of these conditions. METHODS: Electronic medical records were used to identify a cohort of 588 transfeminine and 745 transmasculine children (3-9 years old) and adolescents (10-17 years old) enrolled in integrated health care systems in California and Georgia. Ten male and 10 female referent cisgender enrollees were matched to each TGNC individual on year of birth, race and/or ethnicity, study site, and membership year of the index date (first evidence of gender nonconforming status)...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660027/the-6-hydroxychromanol-derivative-sul-109-ameliorates-renal-injury-after-deep-hypothermia-and-rewarming-in-rats
#9
Pieter C Vogelaar, Maurits Roorda, Edwin L de Vrij, Martin C Houwertjes, Maaike Goris, Hjalmar Bouma, Adrianus C van der Graaf, Guido Krenning, Robert H Henning
Background: Mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role in kidney damage in various pathologies, including acute and chronic kidney injury and diabetic nephropathy. In addition to the well-studied ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, hypothermia/rewarming (H/R) also inflicts acute kidney injury. Substituted 6-hydroxychromanols are a novel class of mitochondrial medicines that ameliorate mitochondrial oxidative stress and protect the mitochondrial network. To identify a novel 6-hydroxychromanol that protects mitochondrial structure and function in the kidney during H/R, we screened multiple compounds in vitro and subsequently assessed the efficacy of the 6-hydroxychromanol derivatives SUL-109 and SUL-121 in vivo to protect against kidney injury after H/R in rats...
April 11, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655395/firearm-related-injuries-among-canadian-children-and-youth-from-2006-to-2013-a-chirpp-study
#10
Catherine M J Cox, Samuel A Stewart, Katrina F Hurley
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Injuries from non-powder firearms are common and potentially life-altering. The Canadian Pediatric Society urges stricter controls on non-powder guns. What did this study ask? What are the Canadian contextual trends in paediatric firearm injuries? What did this study find? In this study, the rate of paediatric firearm injuries was stable from 2006 to 2013. Eye injuries inflicted by non-powder firearms were most common. Most firearm injuries occurred through recreation and sport...
April 15, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644315/limb-salvage-and-reconstruction-following-a-zebra-attack
#11
Jacob T Carlson, James C Yuen, Matthew R Smeds
Animal bites are fairly rare events but can cause devastating traumatic injuries to the victim. In addition to the soft tissue, vascular, and orthopedic trauma inflicted by these occurrences, bite injuries also have the potential to introduce an inoculum of microbes, which may progress to an infection if not treated properly and expeditiously. We present the case of a healthy male who sustained multiple bite wounds from a domestic zebra to his left upper extremity. This attack caused severe damage, including devascularization of the arm at the brachial artery, disruption of the distal biceps and brachialis, stripping of the forearm nerves, and shearing of the overlying soft tissue...
June 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617695/topical-treatment-of-skin-injury-inflicted-in-mice-by-x-ray-irradiation
#12
Evangelia Meimeti, Antonios Kafanas, Panagoula Pavlou, Antonia Evangelatou, Panagiota Tsouparelou, Stelios Kanellopoulos, Panagiotis Kipouros, Nikolaos Koliarakis, Georgios Leonis, Efstathia Ioannou, Vassilios Roussis, Michail Rallis
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is no treatment, without side effects, efficiently preventing or curing skin burns, caused by radiotherapy. A new experimental topical treatment protocol was assessed in mice receiving orthovoltage X-rays at an equivalent dose to that applied to human breast cancer patients in conventional radiotherapy. METHODS: SKH-HR2 female hairless mice were irradiated on their dorsum with a total dose of 4,300 cGy during a 1-month period (20 fractions)...
April 4, 2018: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601320/esophageal-pressure-monitoring-why-when-and-how
#13
Takeshi Yoshida, Laurent Brochard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Esophageal manometry has shown its usefulness to estimate transpulmonary pressure, that is lung stress, and the intensity of spontaneous effort in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, clinical uptake of esophageal manometry in ICU is still low. Thus, the purpose of review is to describe technical tips to adequately measure esophageal pressure at the bedside, and then update the most important clinical applications of esophageal manometry in ICU...
March 29, 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597289/the-epidemiology-of-unintentional-and-violence-related-injury-morbidity-and-mortality-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#14
Michael F Ballesteros, Dionne D Williams, Karin A Mack, Thomas R Simon, David A Sleet
Injuries and violence among young people have a substantial emotional, physical, and economic toll on society. Understanding the epidemiology of this public health problem can guide prevention efforts, help identify and reduce risk factors, and promote protective factors. We examined fatal and nonfatal unintentional injuries, injuries intentionally inflicted by other (i.e., assaults and homicides) among children ages 0-19, and intentionally self-inflicted injuries (i.e., self-harm and suicides) among children ages 10-19...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573767/-mortality-from-suicide-in-the-municipalities-of-mainland-portugal-spatio-temporal-evolution-between-1980-and-2015
#15
Adriana Loureiro, Ricardo Almendra, Cláudia Costa, Paula Santana
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is considered a public health priority. It is a complex phenomenon resulting from the interaction of several factors, which do not depend solely on individual conditions. This study analyzes the spatio-temporal evolution of suicide mortality between 1980 and 2015, identifying areas of high risk, and their variation, in the 278 municipalities of Continental Portugal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on the number of self-inflicted injuries and deaths from suicide and the resident population, the spatio-temporal evolution of the suicide mortality rate was assessed via: i) a Poisson joinpoint regression model, and ii) spatio-temporal clustering methods...
January 31, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563698/ocular-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-teenager
#16
Francesco Comacchio, M Ricca, G Martini, V Cecchin, Maria Elisabetta Zannin
A 14-year-old male teen presented with unilateral episcleritis, unresponsive to topical and systemic corticosteroid therapy, without a history of ocular trauma or evidence for systemic diseases. The presence of foreign bodies in the conjunctival mucus of the hyperemic fornix has been noticed during one of the follow-up examinations. The toxicological analysis of conjunctival mucus revealed the presence of ethylene glycolmonomethyl ether and triethilene glicolebuthyl ether, used as solvents in nail polish removers and all-purpose cleaners...
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553412/severe-extremity-amputations-in-surviving-palestinian-civilians-caused-by-explosives-fired-from-drones-during-the-gaza-war
#17
Hanne Heszlein-Lossius, Yahya Al-Borno, Samar Shaqoura, Nashwa Skaik, Lasse Melvær Giil, Mads Gilbert
BACKGROUND: During four separate Israeli military attacks on Gaza (2006, 2009, 2012, and 2014), about 4000 Palestinians were killed and more than 17 000 injured (412 killed and 1264 injured in 2006; 1383 killed and more than 5300 injured in 2009; 130 killed and 1399 injured in 2012; and 2251 killed and 11 231 injured in 2014). An unknown number of people had traumatic amputations of one or more extremities. Use of unmanned Israeli drones for surveillance and armed attacks on Gaza was evident, but exact figures on numbers of drone strikes on Gaza are not available...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551449/mortality-risk-factors-in-war-related-pediatric-burns-a-comparative-study-among-two-distinct-populations
#18
Sevgi Buyukbese Sarsu, Aydin Budeyri
INTRODUCTION: Previously, the majority of wars were fought on remote battlefields between opposing armies due to conflicts preventing civilians from sustaining war-related burn injuries (WRBI). In recent years, WRBI has had a tremendous harmful impact on the pediatric population. This study aimed to investigate the demographics, causes, mechanisms of burns, surgical procedures, the major and minor risk factors affecting mortality, and outcomes of pediatric WRBI amidst the Syrian refugees and the Turkey neighborhood population, treated at our Burn Center...
March 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545166/applications-of-the-morris-water-maze-in-translational-traumatic-brain-injury-research
#19
REVIEW
Laura B Tucker, Alexander G Velosky, Joseph T McCabe
Acquired traumatic brain injury (TBI) is frequently accompanied by persistent cognitive symptoms, including executive function disruptions and memory deficits. The Morris Water Maze (MWM) is the most widely-employed laboratory behavioral test for assessing cognitive deficits in rodents after experimental TBI. Numerous protocols exist for performing the test, which has shown great robustness in detecting learning and memory deficits in rodents after infliction of TBI. We review applications of the MWM for the study of cognitive deficits following TBI in pre-clinical studies, describing multiple ways in which the test can be employed to examine specific aspects of learning and memory...
March 12, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540237/what-s-in-an-eye-roll-it-is-time-we-explore-the-role-of-workplace-incivility-in-healthcare
#20
REVIEW
Sharone Bar-David
A recent study of patient violence toward hospital physicians and nurses offers a welcome perspective in its classifying of aggressive behaviors as workplace violence. While patients and families are widely recognized as sources of rude behaviors, we need to shed light on passive aggressive and other low-level rude behaviors that take place frequently amongst hospital personnel as well. Studied under the term "workplace incivility," these seemingly insignificant behaviors that show lack of regard for colleagues have far reaching negative consequences...
March 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
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