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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822681/firearm-storage-practices-in-households-of-adolescents-with-and-without-mental-illness
#1
Joseph A Simonetti, Mary Kay Theis, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Evette J Ludman, David C Grossman
PURPOSE: Safe firearm storage practices are associated with a lower risk of self-inflicted injury and death. Whether such practices and relevant beliefs differ between households of adolescents with and without mental illness is unknown. METHODS: We used survey and administrative data to perform a two-stage cross-sectional study of parents/guardians of adolescents who were 11-17 years, enrolled in a managed care plan in 2004 and living in a household with a firearm...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819194/hdac3-inhibition-ameliorates-spinal-cord-injury-by-immunomodulation
#2
Tomoharu Kuboyama, Shalaka Wahane, Yong Huang, Xiang Zhou, Jamie K Wong, Andrew Koemeter-Cox, Michael Martini, Roland H Friedel, Hongyan Zou
Following spinal cord injury (SCI), the innate immune response of microglia and infiltrating macrophages clears up cellular debris and promotes tissue repair, but it also inflicts secondary injury from inflammatory responses. Immunomodulation aimed at maximizing the beneficial effects while minimizing the detrimental roles of the innate immunity may aid functional recovery after SCI. However, intracellular drivers of global reprogramming of the inflammatory gene networks in the innate immune cells are poorly understood...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809622/suicide-in-pretoria-a-retrospective-review-2007-2010
#3
Cornelia Engelbrecht, Ryan Blumenthal, Neil K Morris, Gert Saayman
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has declared suicide a global ealth crisis, predicting that ~1.53 million people will commit suicide annually by 2020. OBJECTIVE: A study from South Africa reviewed 1 018 suicide cases in Pretoria over 4 years (1997 - 2000). Our study was undertaken to establish whether there have been substantial changes in the profile of suicide victims who died in Pretoria a decade later. METHODS: Case records at the Pretoria Medico-Legal Laboratory were reviewed retrospectively from 2007 to 2010...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795621/self-inflicted-wrist-injuries-masquerading-as-scaphoid-fractures-in-military-recruits
#4
Assaf Kadar, Dani Rotman, Haggai Schermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789649/intentional-injury-among-the-indigenous-and-total-populations-in-british-columbia-canada-trends-over-time-and-ecological-analyses-of-risk
#5
M Anne George, Andrew Jin, Mariana Brussoni, Christopher E Lalonde, Rod McCormick
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to explore intentional injury disparity between Indigenous populations and the total population in the province of British Columbia (BC), Canada. We focus on hospitalizations, including both self-inflicted injuries and injuries inflicted by others. METHODS: We used data from BC's universal health care insurance plan, 1991 to 2010, linked to Vital Statistics databases. Indigenous people were identified through the insurance premium group, and birth and death records...
August 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763524/the-influence-of-aluminium-steel-and-polyurethane-shoeing-systems-and-of-the-unshod-hoof-on-the-injury-risk-of-a-horse-kick-an-ex-vivo-experimental-study
#6
Miriam Sprick, Anton Fürst, Fabio Baschnagel, Silvain Michel, Gabor Piskoty, Sonja Hartnack, Michelle A Jackson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the damage inflicted by an unshod hoof and by the various horseshoe materials (steel, aluminium and polyurethane) on the long bones of horses after a simulated kick. METHODS: Sixty-four equine radii and tibiae were evaluated using a drop impact test setup. An impactor with a steel, aluminium, polyurethane, or hoof horn head was dropped onto prepared bones. An impactor velocity of 8 m/s was initially used with all four materials and then testing was repeated with a velocity of 12 m/s with the polyurethane and hoof horn heads...
August 1, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760366/intentional-self-inflicted-burn-injuries-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Mladen Nisavic, Shamim Nejad, Scott Beach
INTRODUCTION: Intentional self-inflicted burn injuries are a rare occurrence in the United States, but they represent a considerable portion of all burn injuries in the developing world. Compared to nonintentional burns, patients with intentional self-inflicted burns have increased rates of higher total body surface area involvement and associated complications, including overall mortality. METHODS: We present 2 representative cases and review the available literature on the topic of self-inflicted burns...
June 13, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743477/psychological-scales-as-predictors-of-emergency-department-hospitalizations-in-suicide-attempters
#8
Dae Woong Kim, Ki Young Jeong, Kyung Su Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychological scales reflecting lethality and intent as predictors of suicide attempter's hospitalization. METHODS: Data of suicide attempters aged over 15years, who visited the ED from January 2013 to June 2016, were retrospectively collected and they were divided into the hospitalization and discharge groups. We evaluated the Risk-Rescue Rating Scale (RRRS) and Self-Inflicted Injury Severity Form (SIISF) for lethality and Suicide Intent Scale (SIS) for intent, respectively...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740490/inhibition-of-the-nod-like-receptor-protein-3-inflammasome-is-protective-in-juvenile-influenza-a-virus-infection
#9
Bria M Coates, Kelly L Staricha, Nandini Ravindran, Clarissa M Koch, Yuan Cheng, Jennifer M Davis, Dale K Shumaker, Karen M Ridge
Influenza A virus (IAV) is a significant cause of life-threatening lower respiratory tract infections in children. Antiviral therapy is the mainstay of treatment, but its effectiveness in this age group has been questioned. In addition, damage inflicted on the lungs by the immune response to the virus may be as important to the development of severe lung injury during IAV infection as the cytotoxic effects of the virus itself. A crucial step in the immune response to IAV is activation of the NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome and the subsequent secretion of the inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-18 (IL-18)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736610/dog-bite-injuries-to-humans-and-the-use-of-breed-specific-legislation-a-comparison-of-bites-from-legislated-and-non-legislated-dog-breeds
#10
Nanci Creedon, Páraic S Ó'Súilleabháin
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this study was to investigate if differences in dog bite characteristics exist amongst legislated and non-legislated dog breeds listed under breed-specific legislation in Ireland (age when bitten, anatomical bite locations, triggers for biting, victim's relationship with the dog, geographical location and owner presence, history of aggression, reporting bite incident to authorities, medical treatment required following the bite, and type of bite inflicted)...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730128/altered-perception-of-floaters-in-dementia-causing-self-inflicted-injuries
#11
Will Griffeth, Steven Kane, Syed Khurshid Gibran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724019/profile-of-mortality-from-external-causes-among-seventh-day-adventists-and-the-general-populations
#12
Ana Paula Costa Velten, Nágela Valadão Cade, Gulnar Azevedo E Silva, Elizabete Regina Araújo de Oliveira
This paper aimed to compare the profile of mortality from external causes among Seventh-day Adventists and the general population of Espírito Santo from 2003 to 2009. A search of Adventists was performed in the nominal database of the Mortality Information System containing data on Adventists provided by the administrative offices of the institution. Deaths from external causes occurred during the study period were then divided into two groups: Adventists and the general population. Adventists had lower proportional mortality from external causes (10%) than the general population (19%), and males were the main reason for this difference...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722747/acute-care-hospitalization-of-aboriginal-children-and-youth
#13
Anne Guèvremont, Gisèle Carrière, Evelyne Bougie, Dafna Kohen
BACKGROUND: Research that has examined Aboriginal children's hospitalization rates at the national level has been limited to analyses of areas with large percentages of Aboriginal residents, rather than of Aboriginal individuals. This study uses linked census and administrative data to describe hospitalization patterns among children and youth aged 0 to 19, by Aboriginal identity, for all provinces and territories except Quebec. DATA AND METHODS: The 2006 Census was linked to the 2006/2007-to-2008/2009 Discharge Abstract Database, which contains hospital records from all acute care facilities (except Quebec)...
July 19, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720074/regeneration-of-long-distance-peripheral-nerve-defects-after-delayed-reconstruction-in-healthy-and-diabetic-rats-is-supported-by-immunomodulatory-chitosan-nerve-guides
#14
Lena Stenberg, Maria Stößel, Giulia Ronchi, Stefano Geuna, Yaobin Yin, Susanne Mommert, Lisa Mårtensson, Jennifer Metzen, Claudia Grothe, Lars B Dahlin, Kirsten Haastert-Talini
BACKGROUND: Delayed reconstruction of transection or laceration injuries of peripheral nerves is inflicted by a reduced regeneration capacity. Diabetic conditions, more frequently encountered in clinical practice, are known to further impair regeneration in peripheral nerves. Chitosan nerve guides (CNGs) have recently been introduced as a new generation of medical devices for immediate peripheral nerve reconstruction. Here, CNGs were used for 45 days delayed reconstruction of critical length 15 mm rat sciatic nerve defects in either healthy Wistar rats or diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats; the latter resembling type 2 diabetes...
July 18, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717964/wound-morphology-in-contact-shots-from-blank-cartridge-handguns-a-study-on-composite-models
#15
Rebecca Pircher, Markus Große Perdekamp, Annette Thierauf-Emberger, Lena Kramer, Stefan Pollak, Dorothee Geisenberger
It is a well-known fact that blank cartridge guns can cause penetrating and even fatal injuries when discharged in contact or at very close ranges. In these cases, the gas jet perforates the skin leaving an entrance wound similar to that from a conventional gun. In order to investigate the wound morphology in contact shots from blank firearms, test shots were fired at composite models of pig skin and gelatin blocks using three different calibre 9-mm blank cartridge handguns (two pistols and one revolver) and two types of ammunition...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717295/animal-inflicted-maxillofacial-injuries-treatment-modalities-and-our-experience
#16
Anjani Kumar Yadav, Mehul Rajesh Jaisani, Leeza Pradhan, Ashok Dongol, Arpita Singh, Pradeep Acharya, Alok Sagtani
INTRODUCTION: Animal inflicted injuries to the face and neck are becoming much more common as people lavish affection on pets. Injuries caused by animal attacks to the face can cause complex injuries to soft and hard tissues, presented as perforations, lacerations, crushes, avulsion or fractures. An uncountable number of bacteria and virus can be found in such injuries, with a potential pathological effect to humans, regarding infections. Although the infection rate is low due to excellent blood supply to face, the injuries have disfiguring effect with possible psychological repercussion to the patients...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715400/a-novel-method-to-model-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-in-drosophila
#17
Mingkuan Sun, Liam L Chen
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is an established neurodegenerative disease that is closely associated with exposure to repetitive mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI). The mechanisms responsible for its complex pathological changes remain largely elusive, despite a recent consensus to define the neuropathological criteria. Here, we describe a novel method to develop a model of CTE in Drosophila melanogaster (Drosophila ) in an attempt to identify the key genes and pathways that lead to the characteristic hyperphosphorylated tau accumulation and neuronal death in the brain...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715004/an-implantable-multimodal-sensor-for-oxygen-neurotransmitters-and-electrophysiology-during-spreading-depolarization-in-the-deep-brain
#18
Caddy N Hobbs, Justin A Johnson, Matthew D Verber, R Mark Wightman
Brain tissue injury is often accompanied by spreading depolarization (SD) events, marked by widespread cellular depolarization and cessation of neuronal firing. SD recruits viable tissue into the lesion, making it a focus for intervention. During SD, drastic fluctuations occur in ion gradients, extracellular neurotransmitter concentrations, cellular metabolism, and cerebral blood flow. Measuring SD requires a multimodal approach to capture the array of changes. However, the use of multiple sensors can inflict tissue damage...
August 7, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709048/intentional-burn-injury-assessment-of-allegations-of-self-infliction
#19
Juliet Cohen, Jo Pettitt, Emily Wilbourn
This study investigates the question of whether there is evidence that suggests the possibility of self-infliction, or self-infliction by proxy, of burn injury among a group of asylum claimants in the UK who have attributed such injuries to torture, and how such evidence might be assessed. The question arose from the observations of doctors at the UK-based charity Freedom from Torture that increasing numbers of individuals from Sri Lanka who described a history of torture had suffered severe and disfiguring burn injuries from heated metal objects, and the suggestion from asylum decision-makers that in some cases such injuries could have been acquired deliberately by self-infliction or self-infliction by proxy rather than by torture as claimed...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694006/neurotoxicity-with-persistent-unilateral-ophthalmoplegia-from-envenoming-by-a-wild-inland-taipan-oxyuranus-microlepidotus-elapidae-in-remote-outback-south-australia
#20
Scott A Weinstein, Evan Everest, Jeremy Purdell-Lewis, Michael Harrison, Fiona Tavender, Sam Alfred, Liz Marrack, Chris Davenport-Klunder, Neralie Wearn, Julian White
INTRODUCTION: A case of life threatening envenoming by a wild specimen of the inland taipan, Oxyuranus microlepidotus, is described. There have been 11 previously well-documented envenomings by O. microlepidotus, but only 2 were inflicted by wild snakes. Envenomed patients have presented predominantly with defibrinating coagulopathy and neurotoxicity. CASE REPORT: The victim was seeking to observe members of an isolated population of this species and was envenomed while attempting to photograph an approximately 1...
July 8, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
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