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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322502/mystery-solved-our-son-s-autism-and-extreme-self-injury-is-genetic-and-treatable
#1
Tanja Bartel
Our 17-year-old autistic son Jake is declining at the same rate his peers are developing. He has the pimples, the sudden height, and the hormones. But the right side of his body slumps like someone who has had a stroke. Once right handed, he now uses only his left hand. At 15, he knocked his eyes off their parallel tracks by slamming his temple into the corner of a wooden post. One eye looks straight ahead while the other looks up and to the side. Both optic nerves are damaged. All the damage is self-inflicted...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321262/allium-stipitatum-extract-exhibits-in-vivo-antibacterial-activity-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-and-accelerates-burn-wound-healing-in-a-full-thickness-murine-burn-model
#2
Arunkumar Karunanidhi, Ehsanollah Ghaznavi-Rad, Jayakayatri Jeevajothi Nathan, Yusuf Abba, Alex van Belkum, Vasanthakumari Neela
The in vivo antibacterial and burn wound healing potency of Persian shallot bulbs (Allium stipitatum) were explored in a mice burn model infected with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Hexane (ASHE) and dichloromethane (ASDE) extracts were tested. Female BALB/c mice were inflicted with third-degree thermal injury followed by infection with MRSA. ASHE and ASDE formulated with simple ointment base (SOB) at concentrations of 1%, 2%, and 5% (w/w) were topically applied to burn wounds twice a day for 20 days...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316938/accidental-non-masturbatory-non-intercourse-related-self-inflicted-penile-fracture-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Christopher Bastianpillai, Aijing Wang, Jeevan Kumaradevan, Sudhanshu Chitale
Penile fracture is a relatively rare condition arising from a rupture of the corpus cavernosum. In the western world, it is most commonly associated with sexual intercourse. We hereby, report a rare case of accidental, non-masturbatory, self-inflicted penile fracture. It was diagnosed promptly based on clinical assessment, confirmed radiologically and managed surgically, resulting in a good long-term clinical outcome. Our case highlights the importance of maintaining a high index of suspicion to diagnose this rare condition, even in the absence of a typical mechanism of injury, in order to ensure that such an injury is not missed...
May 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316167/-influences-of-high-voltage-electrical-burns-on-microcirculation-perfusion-on-serosal-surface-of-small-intestine-of-rats-and-the-interventional-effects-of-pentoxifylline
#4
Q F Zhang, S J Xu, L M Liang, J K Feng, Y F Xu, L L Tu
Objective: To investigate influences of high-voltage electrical burns on microcirculation perfusion on serosal surface of small intestine of rats and the interventional effects of pentoxifylline (PTX). Methods: Totally 180 SD rats were divided into sham injury group, simple electrical burn group, and treatment group according to the random number table, with 60 rats in each group. The electrical current was applied to the outside proximal part of left forelimb of rats and exited from the outside proximal part of right hind limb of rats...
March 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281999/the-hidden-story-of-innovation-charity-hospital-angola-prison-and-the-challenging-of-surgical-dogma
#5
Patrick Greiffenstein, Paul R Hastings
The late 1960s was a period of significant upheaval of social, cultural, and scientific norms. The generally accepted notion of mandatory laparotomy for all penetrating abdominal injuries was among those norms being called into question across the country and many advocated expectant management of selected patients presenting with this type of injury. Leaders of the surgical community published opinions on either side of the argument. The house staff at Charity Hospital during this period was among the busiest in the nation in treating these injuries, many of them inmates of the Louisiana State Penitentiary who used self-inflicted stab wounds to the abdomen as a means of temporary respite from the inhumane conditions in the prison...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279515/flame-time-of-a-cigarette-lighter-to-achieve-temperature-capable-of-inflicting-a-burn
#6
Svetlana Harel, Brooke Burkey, Autumn D Nanassy, Michele Marcolongo, Evan Phillips, Christine Campbell, Maria D McColgan
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette lighters are frequent vectors in intentional contact burns. Time and temperature needed to cause thermal injury are considered to differentiate accidental from inflicted burns. This study examines the minimum time needed to heat a cigarette lighter's top to temperatures capable of inflicting any clinically visible skin burn. This information could be useful in child abuse and other forensic cases. METHODS: A literature search was performed to establish the time and temperature at which partial/full thickness skin burns are acquired, regardless of vector...
March 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248124/-multiple-firearm-injury-caused-with-a%C3%A2-blank-pistol
#7
Eva Nevická, Rastislav Rozboril, Boris Ťažký, Ivan Závodný, Martin Zdarílek, Jozef Šidlo
The authors present a case of a complex suicide of a 60-year-old woman found dead on her bed. A blank pistol Umarex caliber 9-mm, several blank cartridges and a lot of drug packages were discovered near the body. The woman suffered from a psychiatric depression. There were three gunshot wounds on the body: in the right temporal region, on the palatum of the mouth and on the left chest wall. The gunshot wounds in the right temporal region and in the mouth had central circle defects with the margins of stellate or star-like appearance and blackening...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248028/-self-inflicted-genital-injury
#8
R A Abdurakhmanov, A K Abdurakhmanov, V A Kopylov
Self-inflicted injury to external genitalia in men is an uncommon type of trauma. The international and domestic literature report isolated cases of injury to the external genitalia, caused by a patient intending to harm himself. This type of injury often occurs in patients with mental disorders. The authors describe their own clinical observations of rare types of self-inflicted genital injuries in patients without a history of mental disorders. During the period from 2012 to 2015, 4 patients with self-inflicted genital injuries were admitted to the hospital...
November 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230905/characteristics-of-bone-injuries-resulting-from-knife-wounds-incised-with-different-forces
#9
Caitlin Humphrey, Jaliya Kumaratilake, Maciej Henneberg
The aim of this research was to experimentally determine the characteristics of incised bone wounds, which are commonly found in defense injuries. A specially constructed pivoting arm device was used to inflict wounds with controlled forces and direction. Five knives were selected to inflict the wounds on porcine forelimbs. Eight incised wounds were made per knife per force. A larger knife and a greater force caused longer and wider bone wounds. Comparisons of individual knives at the two forces produced varying results in the bone wounds...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228196/the-hidden-story-of-innovation-charity-hospital-angola-prison-and-the-challenging-of-surgical-dogma
#10
Patrick Greiffenstein, Paul R Hastings
The late 1960s was a period of significant upheaval of social, cultural, and scientific norms. The generally accepted notion of mandatory laparotomy for all penetrating abdominal injuries was among those norms being called into question across the country and many advocated expectant management of selected patients presenting with this type of injury. Leaders of the surgical community published opinions on either side of the argument. The house staff at Charity Hospital during this period was among the busiest in the nation in treating these injuries, many of them inmates of the Louisiana State Penitentiary who used self-inflicted stab wounds to the abdomen as a means of temporary respite from the inhumane conditions in the prison...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215128/the-characteristics-pattern-of-injury-and-outcome-of-children-admitted-to-a-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-following-an-inflicted-injury
#11
Anna K Butlinski, Warwick W Butt
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics, pattern of injury and outcome of children admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) following an inflicted injury. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective review of hospital records from a 30-bed PICU in a university teaching hospital, examining data for children admitted to the PICU after an inflicted injury from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The hospital records of 46 children with an inflicted injury were reviewed...
March 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206950/use-of-pellet-guns-for-crowd-control-in-kashmir-how-lethal-is-non-lethal
#12
Siddarth David
The use of pellet guns during the recent unrest in Kashmir as a method of crowd control has been questioned because of several deaths and numerous injuries. Across the world, these rubber pellets have been shown to inflict serious injuries, permanent disability, and death. The volatility of mob violence, inaccuracies in aim of the pellets, over-use of the pellet guns, and the perception of their harmlessness enhances the destructive potential of these so-called non-lethal weapons. There is also the larger ethical question whether any form of pain, however minimal, could be inflicted to control violent crowds...
December 13, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198717/mitochondrial-dna-induced-inflammatory-responses-and-lung-injury-in-thermal-injury-rat-model-protective-effect-of-epigallocatechin-gallate
#13
Ruiqi Liu, Fei Xu, Si Si, Xueshan Zhao, Siwei Bi, Ying Cen
Lungs are easily damaged by the inflammatory responses induced after extensive burns. The aim here was to investigate the protective role of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-mediated inflammatory responses and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in a rat model of thermal injury. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to five groups. In the first experiment, a full-thickness thermal injury or control procedure, covering 30% of the TBSA, was inflicted on three groups designated as the thermal injury, EGCG, and sham control groups...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191375/self-inflicted-cardiac-injury-with-nail-gun-without-hemodynamic-compromise-a-case-report
#14
Simon Ho, Bo Liu, Nicholas Feranec
Pneumatically powered nail guns have been used in construction since 1959. Penetrating injuries to the heart with nail guns have a wide range of presentations from asymptomatic to cardiac tamponade and exsanguination. Mortality related to cardiac nail gun injuries is similar to knife injuries, estimated at 25%. Surgical exploration is the treatment of choice. We describe a case of self-inflicted nail gun injury to the chest without hemodynamic compromise in a 51-year-old man. Computed tomography (CT) imaging confirmed nail penetrating the right ventricle, with the tip adjacent to but not violating the abdominal aorta...
January 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190553/cervical-spine-imaging-for-young-children-with-inflicted-trauma-expanding-the-injury-pattern
#15
Joanne Baerg, Arul Thirumoorthi, Rosemary Vannix, Asma Taha, Amy Young, Alexander Zouros
AIM: The purpose of this study was to document the incidence and pattern of cervical spine (c-spine) injuries in children below 36months with inflicted trauma. METHODS: An IRB approved, prospective cohort study was performed between July 2011 and January 2016. Inclusion criteria were: age below 36months, loss of consciousness after inflicted trauma, and one initial head computed tomography finding: a subdural, intraventricular, intraparenchymal, subarachnoid hemorrhage, diffuse axonal injury, hypoxic injury, or cerebral edema...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184363/a-comparison-of-self-inflicted-stab-wounds-versus-assault-induced-stab-wounds
#16
Sanghyun Ahn, Dong Jin Kim, Kwang Yeol Paik, Jae Hee Chung, Woo-Chan Park, Wook Kim, In Kyu Lee
BACKGROUND: Although self-inflicted and assault-induced knife injuries might have different mortality and morbidity rates, no studies have actually evaluated the importance of the cause of knife injuries in terms of patient outcomes and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess the difference between the outcomes of patients presenting with self-inflicted stab wounds (SISW) versus assault-induced stab wounds (AISW). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the relevant electronic medical records was performed for the period between January 2000 and December 2012 for patients who were referred to the department of surgery for stab wounds by the trauma team...
November 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173921/gunshot-wounds-resulting-in-hospitalization-in-the-united-states-2004-2013
#17
Alan Cook, Turner Osler, David Hosmer, Laurent Glance, Frederick Rogers, Brian Gross, Pamela Garcia-Filion, Ajai Malhotra
INTRODUCTION: The United States (US) leads all high income countries in gunshot wound (GSW) deaths. However, as a result of two decades of reduced federal support, study of GSW has been largely neglected. In this paper we describe the current state of GSW hospitalizations in the US using population-based data. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational study of patients hospitalized for GSW in the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) 2004 -2013...
January 30, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164258/the-epidemiology-of-homicide-perpetration-by-children
#18
David Hemenway, Sara J Solnick
BACKGROUND: The United States has by far the highest rates of homicide perpetration among high-income countries. The perpetration of homicide by children is often newsworthy, but little is known about the incidence or the circumstances of child homicide perpetration. METHODS: We use data from the sixteen states reporting to the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) for all years 2005-2012. We read every violent death report that was classified a homicide with a child suspect (aged 0-14)...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164044/accidental-bolt-gun-injury-to-femur-a-case-report
#19
Ravi Prasad Kattimani, Sanath Shetty, Humayun Mirza
INTRODUCTION: Bolt gun or slaughterer's guns are used in meat industry for "humane killing" of animals. Injuries caused by bolt gun are rare, reported exclusively from central European countries. We report a case of 28 year old male, who accidentally shot himself with a bolt gun to his right thigh. CASE REPORT: A 28 years old male presented to our Accident and Emergency department after accidental injury to his right thigh with bolt gun. He had an entry wound measuring 2 cm in length and 1 cm in breadth over anterior aspect of lower one third of thigh at lower and sustained Grade II compound fracture of right femur shaft at distal one third...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163520/penetrating-anterior-skull-base-fracture-inflicted-by-a-cow-s-horn
#20
Adomas Bunevicius, Karolis Bareikis, Laimutis Kalasauskas, Arimantas Tamasauskas
Farm workers are at increased risk for animal-inflicted head injuries that are associated with significant morbidity and occasionally may be fatal. These injuries may cause permanent eye damage with or without concomitant skull base fracture. Here, we present a male farmer who suffered a cow attack that resulted in perforating orbital injury with comminuted frontobasal cranial fracture caused by a cow's horn. The next day, the patient developed nasal and orbital cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak. Computed Tomography cisternography revealed CSF leakage to frontal and maxillary sinuses...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
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