keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

MR perfusion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342201/differentiation-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-metastases-and-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphomas-using-multiparametric-perfusion-and-diffusion-mr-imaging-of-a-tumor-core-and-a-peritumoral-zone-searching-for-a-practical-approach
#1
Małgorzata Neska-Matuszewska, Joanna Bladowska, Marek Sąsiadek, Anna Zimny
INTRODUCTION: In conventional MR examinations glioblastomas multiforme (GBMs), metastases and primary CNS lymphomas (PCNSLs) may show very similar appearance. The aim of the study was to evaluate usefulness of multiparametric T2*DSC perfusion and diffusion MR imaging in the preoperative differentiation of these tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy four solitary enhancing tumors (27 GBMs, 30 metastases, 17 PCNSLs) were enrolled in the study. Parameters of cerebral blood volume (rCBV), peak height (rPH), percentage of signal recovery (rPSR) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) were assessed from the tumor core and the peritumoral non-enhancing T2-hyperintense zone...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337197/brain-perfusion-alterations-in-tick-borne-encephalitis-preliminary-report
#2
Zuzanna Tyrakowska-Dadełło, Eugeniusz Tarasów, Dariusz Janusek, Anna Moniuszko-Malinowska, Joanna Zajkowska, Sławomir Pancewicz
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes in Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) are nonspecific and pathophysiologic mechanisms leading to their formation remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate brain perfusion in TBE patients using dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MR perfusion imaging. METHODS: MRI scans were performed in 12 patients in the acute phase, 3-5days after TBE diagnosis, with conventional MR images and DSC-MRI perfusion studies. Cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), mean transit time (MTT) and time to peak (TTP) parametric maps were created...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326138/cerebellar-hypoperfusion-in-migraine-attack-incidence-and-significance
#3
F Kellner-Weldon, M El-Koussy, S Jung, M Jossen, P P Klinger-Gratz, R Wiest
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients diagnosed with migraine with aura have an increased lifetime risk of ischemic stroke. It is not yet clear whether prolonged cortical hypoperfusion during an aura increases the immediate risk of cerebellar infarction because it may induce crossed cerebellar diaschisis and subsequent tissue damage. To address this question, we retrospectively analyzed potential relationships between cortical oligemia and cerebellar hypoperfusion in patients with migraine with aura and their potential relation to small infarct-like cerebellar lesions...
January 11, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302785/dynamic-non-invasive-asl-perfusion-imaging-of-a-normal-pancreas-with-secretin-augmented-mr-imaging
#4
Khoschy Schawkat, Michael Ith, Andreas Christe, Wolfgang Kühn, Yojena Chittazhathu, Lauren Bains, Val Murray Runge, Johannes T Heverhagen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate prospectively the repeatability of pancreatic perfusion measurements using arterial spin labelling (ASL) and to determine the increase in perfusion due to secretin stimulation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An (FAIR)-TrueFISP ASL sequence was applied to determine the perfusion of the pancreatic head in a 3T MRI scanner. Ten healthy volunteers (four men, six women: mean age 28.5 ± 4.6 years; age range 25-40 years) were investigated twice within 1 week...
January 4, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301779/what-have-we-learned-from-mr-imaging-in-multiple-sclerosis
#5
REVIEW
E Lapointe, D K B Li, A L Traboulsee, A Rauscher
Using MR imaging, perfusion can be assessed either by dynamic susceptibility contrast MR imaging or arterial spin-labeling. Alterations of cerebral perfusion have repeatedly been described in multiple sclerosis compared with healthy controls. Acute lesions exhibit relative hyperperfusion in comparison with normal-appearing white matter, a finding mostly attributed to inflammation in this stage of lesion development. In contrast, normal-appearing white and gray matter of patients with MS has been mostly found to be hypoperfused compared with controls, and correlations with cognitive impairment as well as fatigue in multiple sclerosis have been described...
January 4, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288284/transit-time-corrected-arterial-spin-labeling-technique-aids-to-overcome-delayed-transit-time-effect
#6
Tae Jin Yun, Chul-Ho Sohn, Roh-Eul Yoo, Kyung Mi Kang, Seung Hong Choi, Ji-Hoon Kim, Sun-Won Park, Moonjung Hwang, R Marc Lebel
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of transit time corrected cerebral blood flow (CBF) maps based on multi-phase arterial spin labeling MR perfusion imaging (ASL-MRP). METHODS: The Institutional Review Board of our hospital approved this retrospective study. Written informed consent was waived. Conventional and multi-phase ASL-MRPs and dynamic susceptibility contrast MR perfusion imaging (DSC-MRP) were acquired for 108 consecutive patients. Vascular territory-based volumes of interest were applied to CBF and time to peak (TTP) maps obtained from DSC-MRP and CBF maps obtained from conventional and multi-phase ASL-MRPs...
December 29, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278765/gd-eob-dtpa-enhanced-t1%C3%AF-imaging-vs-diffusion-metrics-for-assessment-liver-inflammation-and-early-stage-fibrosis-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-rabbits
#7
Yuanliang Xie, Hongfeng Zhang, Chaoling Jin, Xiang Wang, Xiaoqi Wang, Jingting Chen, Yikai Xu
To assess the value of T1ρ,T1ρ on hepatobiliary phase (HBP) and diffusion metrics in staging of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) activity scores, inflammation, fibrosis in NASH rabbits model. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) rabbits model was induced by feeding a varied duration of high-fat, high-cholesterol diet. T1ρ,T1ρ (HBP) 20min after administration of Gd-EOB-DTPA, and Intravoxel incoherent motion imaging (IVIM) diffusion-weighted imaging were performed on a 3.0T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging unit...
December 23, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277647/what-can-we-see-with-ivim-mri
#8
Denis Le Bihan
Intravoxel Incoherent Motion (IVIM) refers to translational movements which within a given voxel and during the measurement time present a distribution of speeds in orientation and/or amplitude. The IVIM concept has been used to estimate perfusion in tissues as blood flow in randomly oriented capillaries mimics a pseudo-diffusion process. IVIM-based perfusion MRI, which does not require contrast agents, has gained momentum recently, especially in the field oncology. In this introductory review the basic concepts, models, technical requirements and limitations inherent to IVIM-based perfusion MRI are outlined, as well as new, non-perfusion applications of IVIM MRI, such as virtual MR Elastography...
December 22, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273536/variability-of-stroke-patients-meeting-endovascular-stroke-trial-criteria-in-a-non-clinical-trial-setting
#9
Jennifer E Fugate, Waleed Brinjikji, Harry Cloft, David F Kallmes, Alejandro A Rabinstein
BACKGROUND: Five randomized trials proving the efficacy and safety of mechanical embolectomy for ischemic stroke within 8hours used differing radiological methods to select patients. We aimed to evaluate the proportion of patients in clinical practice that would meet radiological criteria for inclusion in these trials. METHODS: Retrospective study of ischemic stroke patients at a large academic medical center who were considered for endovascular stroke therapy based on confirmed intracranial large vessel occlusion from April 2010-November 2014...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259149/comparison-of-intravoxel-incoherent-motion-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-mr-imaging-to-t1-mapping-in-characterization-of-hepatic-alveolar-echinococcosis
#10
Yibanu Abudureheman, Jian Wang, Wenya Liu
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (IVIM DW MRI) to T1 mapping for characterization of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE). MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighteen HAE patients confirmed by surgery were examined with conventional MRI, IVIM DWI MRI with 10 b values (range: 0-1,000 sec/mm²), and longitudinal relaxation time (T1) mapping. Diffusion coefficient (D), perfusion fraction (f), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D*), and T1 relaxation time were calculated in solid components, perilesional components, and background liver parenchyma of HAE patients...
December 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246201/multiparametric-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-evaluation-of-hepatic-warm-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-a-rabbit-model
#11
Qian Ji, Zhi Qiang Chu, Tao Ren, Shi Chao Xu, Long Jiang Zhang, Wen Shen, Guang Ming Lu
BACKGROUND: To assess the feasibility of noninvasive and quantitative evaluation of hepatic pathophysiological changes in rabbit hepatic warm ischemia-reperfusion injury (WIRI) models by using intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) MRI. METHODS: Twenty rabbits were randomly divided into hepatic WIRI model group and sham-operation group (n = 10 for each group). Hepatic WIRI was induced in rabbit by occluding hepatic inflow for 30 min and reperfusion for 6 h...
December 15, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239712/multiparametric-mr-imaging-of-age-related-changes-in-healthy-thigh-muscles
#12
Min A Yoon, Suk-Joo Hong, Min Cheol Ku, Chang Ho Kang, Kyung-Sik Ahn, Baek Hyun Kim
Purpose To use multiparametric magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to assess for and establish age-related differences in healthy thigh muscles. Materials and Methods Ninety-five subjects (47 men, 48 women; median age, 47 years) with healthy body mass index were grouped according to age: 30-39 years (n = 25), 40-49 years (n = 25), 50-59 years (n = 25), and 60-69 years (n = 20). Multiparametric MR imaging (intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted, diffusion-tensor, multiecho Dixon, and dynamic contrast material-enhanced MR imaging) was performed at 3...
December 14, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232024/myocardial-perfusion-reserve-index-in-children-with-kawasaki-disease
#13
Richard M Friesen, Michal Schäfer, Pei-Ni Jone, Nana Appiawiah, Daniel Vargas, Brian Fonseca, Michael V DiMaria, Uyen Truong, LaDonna Malone, Lorna P Browne
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery lesions in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) can impair myocardial perfusion, yet evaluation of perfusion defects by cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) in children is often qualitative. PURPOSE: In this study we aimed to use a quantitative method of myocardial perfusion using stress cardiac MR-derived myocardial perfusion reserve index (MPRI) in children with KD and compare MPRI with ventricular mechanical performance evaluated by cardiac MR strain analysis...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230607/the-effect-of-high-count-rates-on-cardiac-perfusion-quantification-in-a-simultaneous-pet-mr-system-using-a-cardiac-perfusion-phantom
#14
Jim O' Doherty, Zacharias Chalampalakis, Paul Schleyer, Muhummad Sohaib Nazir, Amedeo Chiribiri, Paul K Marsden
BACKGROUND: PET-MRI is under investigation as a new strategy for quantitative myocardial perfusion imaging. Consideration is required as to the maximum scanner count rate in order to limit dead-time losses resulting from administered activity in the scanner field of view during the first pass of the radiotracer. RESULTS: We performed a decaying-source experiment to investigate the high count-rate performance of a PET-MR system (Siemens mMR) over the expected range of activities during a clinical study...
December 11, 2017: EJNMMI Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218626/treatment-related-changes-in-glioblastoma-a-review-on-the-controversies-in-response-assessment-criteria-and-the-concepts-of-true-progression-pseudoprogression-pseudoresponse-and-radionecrosis
#15
REVIEW
P D Delgado-López, E Riñones-Mena, E M Corrales-García
The assessment of response to therapy in glioblastoma remains a challenge, because the surrogate measures of survival are subject to radiographic misinterpretation. A solid and reliable definition of progression is needed for both clinical decision-making and for evaluating response within the clinical trials. Historically, assessment criteria have used radiologic and clinical features aimed to correctly classify patients into progressive or non-progressive disease. The widely used RANO criteria are a valuable tool in disease evaluation, both in the clinical setting and in the clinical trials...
December 7, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218620/the-impact-of-injector-based-contrast-agent-administration-in-time-resolved-mra
#16
Johannes Budjan, Ulrike I Attenberger, Stefan O Schoenberg, Hubertus Pietsch, Gregor Jost
OBJECTIVES: Time-resolved contrast-enhanced MR angiography (4D-MRA), which allows the simultaneous visualization of the vasculature and blood-flow dynamics, is widely used in clinical routine. In this study, the impact of two different contrast agent injection methods on 4D-MRA was examined in a controlled, standardized setting in an animal model. METHODS: Six anesthetized Goettingen minipigs underwent two identical 4D-MRA examinations at 1.5 T in a single session...
December 7, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218370/differentiation-of-residual-recurrent-gliomas-from-postradiation-necrosis-with-arterial-spin-labeling-and-diffusion-tensor-magnetic-resonance-imaging-derived-metrics
#17
Ahmed Abdel Khalek Abdel Razek, Lamiaa El-Serougy, Mohamed Abdelsalam, Gada Gaballa, Mona Talaat
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to differentiate recurrent/residual gliomas from postradiation changes using arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-derived metrics. METHODS: Prospective study was conducted upon 42 patients with high-grade gliomas after radiotherapy only or prior to other therapies that underwent routine MR imaging, ASL, and DTI. The tumor blood flow (TBF), fractional anisotropy (FA), and mean diffusivity (MD) of the enhanced lesion and related edema were calculated...
December 7, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217747/mr-perfusion-to-determine-the-status-of-collaterals-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-look-beyond-time-maps
#18
K Nael, A Doshi, R De Leacy, J Puig, M Castellanos, J Bederson, T P Naidich, J Mocco, M Wintermark
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with acute stroke with robust collateral flow have better clinical outcomes and may benefit from endovascular treatment throughout an extended time window. Using a multiparametric approach, we aimed to identify MR perfusion parameters that can represent the extent of collaterals, approximating DSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with anterior circulation proximal arterial occlusion who had baseline MR perfusion and DSA were evaluated...
December 7, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213008/the-relationship-between-neurite-density-measured-with-confocal-microscopy-in-a-cleared-mouse-brain-and-metrics-obtained-from-diffusion-tensor-and-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging
#19
Ryusuke Irie, Koji Kamagata, Aurelien Kerever, Ryo Ueda, Suguru Yokosawa, Yosuke Otake, Hisaaki Ochi, Hidekazu Yoshizawa, Ayato Hayashi, Kazuhiko Tagawa, Hitoshi Okazawa, Kohske Takahashi, Kanako Sato, Masaaki Hori, Eri Arikawa-Hirasawa, Shigeki Aoki
PURPOSE: Diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) enables sensitive measurement of tissue microstructure by quantifying the non-Gaussian diffusion of water. Although DKI is widely applied in many situations, histological correlation with DKI analysis is lacking. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between DKI metrics and neurite density measured using confocal microscopy of a cleared mouse brain. METHODS: One thy-1 yellow fluorescent protein 16 mouse was deeply anesthetized and perfusion fixation was performed...
December 7, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212282/intravoxel-incoherent-motion-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging-of-the-liver-using-respiratory-cardiac-double-triggering
#20
Jinning Li, Caiyuan Zhang, Yanfen Cui, Huanhuan Liu, Weibo Chen, Guilong Wang, Dengbin Wang
To investigate the influence of respiratory-cardiac double triggering (RCT) on intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for the liver, twelve healthy volunteers underwent liver DWI twice respectively with respiratory triggering (RT) and RCT schemes. Signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) of the images, values, repeatability (evaluating with within-subject coefficient of variation), and variability of quantitative parameters, including apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), pure diffusion coefficient (D), perfusion fraction (f), and perfusion-related diffusion coefficient (D*), were evaluated for each DWI sequence...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
96251
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"