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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620697/iatrogenic-engorgement-of-the-clitoris-due-to-antidepressants-report-of-a-case
#1
Francesco Raudino, Grazia Buono
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575690/clarification-of-the-innervation-of-the-bladder-external-urethral-sphincter-and-clitoris-a-neuronal-tracing-study-in-female-mongrel-hound-dogs
#2
Mary F Barbe, Sandra M Gomez-Amaya, Danielle M Salvadeo, Neil S Lamarre, Ekta Tiwari, Shalonda Cook, Connor P Glair, Daniel H Jang, Rachel M Ragheb, Akaash Sheth, Alan S Braverman, Michael R Ruggieri
Many studies examining the innervation of genitourinary structures focus on either afferent or efferent inputs, or on only one structure of the system. We aimed to clarify innervation of the bladder, external urethral sphincter (EUS) and clitoris. Retrograde dyes were injected into each end organ in female dogs. Spinal cord, mid-bladder, and spinal, caudal mesenteric, sympathetic trunk and pelvic plexus ganglia were examined for retrograde dye-labeled neurons. Neurons retrogradely labeled from the bladder were found primarily in L7-S2 spinal ganglia, spinal cord lateral zona intermedia at S1-S3 levels, caudal mesenteric ganglia, T11-L2 and L6-S2 sympathetic trunk ganglia, and pelvic plexus ganglia...
March 25, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559206/retrospective-study-of-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-clitoral-adhesions-women-s-health-providers-should-routinely-examine-the-glans-clitoris
#3
Leen Aerts, Rachel S Rubin, Michael Randazzo, Sue W Goldstein, Irwin Goldstein
INTRODUCTION: The glans clitoris is covered by a prepuce that normally moves over the glans surface and can be retracted beyond the corona. Clitoral adhesions, ranging from mild to severe, occur when preputial skin adheres to the glans. Physical examination consistent with clitoral adhesions is based on the inability to visualize the entire glans corona. In this closed compartment, the space underneath the adherent prepuce and clitoris can become irritated, erythematous, or infected and can result in sexual dysfunction...
March 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537732/female-orgasm-and-the-emergence-of-prosocial-empathy-an-evo-devo-perspective
#4
James Kennedy, Mihaela Pavličev
In human females, direct or indirect stimulation of the clitoris plays a central role in reaching orgasm. A majority of women report that penetrative coitus alone is insufficient for triggering orgasm, puzzling researchers who expect orgasm to be an outcome of procreative intercourse. In the present paper, we turn our attention to the evolutionary role that such unreliability of orgasm at coitus might have played in human evolution. We emphasize that we do not thereby attempt an explanation of its origin, but its potential evolutionary effect...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524055/morphometric-and-vascular-modifications-of-the-clitoris-during-pregnancy-a-longitudinal-pilot-study
#5
Cesare Battaglia, Nicola Persico, Isabella Zanetti, Francesca Guasina, Mara Mattioli, Paolo Casadio, Elena Morotti
During pregnancy, women go through a series of physical and emotional changes that may have an impact on their sexuality. The aim of the study was to examine modifications in sexual function during pregnancy by means of translabial ultrasonography and administration of questionnaires on sexual activity. Eighteen healthy and adult (25-35 years) pregnant women without sexual dysfunction and with a stable heterosexual relationship were examined at 10-12, 18-20, and 30-32 weeks of gestation. Patients underwent ultrasonographic translabial clitoral volume and labia minora thickness measurements and color Doppler assessment of the dorsal clitoral and posterior labial arteries...
March 9, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520678/intraoperative-feasibility-of-bulbocavernosus-reflex-monitoring-during-untethering-surgery-in-infants-and-children
#6
Takeaki Shinjo, Hironobu Hayashi, Tsunenori Takatani, Eishu Boku, Hiroyuki Nakase, Masahiko Kawaguchi
Bulbocavernosus reflex (BCR) monitoring is used to assess the integrity of urinary and bowel function. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility of BCR monitoring during untethering surgery in infants and children to predict postoperative urinary and bowel dysfunction. The records of 22 patients ranging from 4 days to 10 years old (mean 2.7 ± 3.3 years) were reviewed. Anesthesia was maintained by propofol or sevoflurane/opioid without neuromuscular blockade. BCR waveforms induced by electrical stimulation (20-40 mA, train-of-four pulses with 500 Hz) to the penis or clitoris were recorded from bilateral external anal sphincters...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484212/a-very-rare-case-hpv-negative-vulvar-cancer-in-an-adolescent
#7
Ilker Kahramanoglu, Hasan Turan, Yahya Ozgun Oner, Tugan Bese, Sennur Ilvan, Macit Arvas, Fuat Demirkiran
Carcinoma of the vulva is usually regarded as a disease of older women, with the typical age of 65-85 years. There are a limited number of reports of vulvar cancer cases younger than 30 years. These patients have usually risk factors such as human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and immunosuppression. Herein, we present a case of invasive squamous vulvar cancer in an 18-year-old patient without any risk factor. Vulvar radical local excision and bilateral inguinal sentinel lymph node biopsies were performed. The clitoris was preserved during the surgery...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463476/defibulation-a-visual-reference-and-learning-tool
#8
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Sandra Marras, Lucrezia Catania, Omar Abdulcadir, Patrick Petignat
Female genital mutilation type III (infibulation) is achieved by narrowing the vaginal orifice by creating a covering seal, accomplished by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or labia majora, with or without clitoral excision. Infibulation is responsible for significant urogynecological, obstetrical, and psychosexual consequences that can be treated with defibulation (or de-infibulation), an operation that opens the infibulation scar, exposing the vulvar vestibule, vaginal orifice, external urethral meatus, and eventually the clitoris...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423307/the-importance-of-the-bulbocavernosus-reflex
#9
REVIEW
Jean Gabriel Previnaire
The BCR consists of the contraction of the bulbocavernosus muscle in response to squeezing the glans penis or clitoris, and is mediated through the pudendal nerve. In case of a complete lesion, the presence of BCR is indicative of intact S2-S4 spinal reflex arcs and loss of supraspinal inhibition, determining an upper motor neuron (UMN) lesion, its absence a lower motor neuron (LMN) lesion. The BCR further helps distinguish conus medullaris from cauda equina syndromes. Sensory or motor function in the most caudal sacral segments, not BCR, defines the sacral sparing as part of the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI)...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391219/spinal-cord-neuronal-components-involved-in-the-reflex-activity-of-female-rat-pubococcygeus-motoneurons
#10
O Lara-García, M Lara-García, D Perez-Hernandez, E Cuevas, M Martínez-Gómez, P Pacheco
Evoked EMG reflex activity from the pubococcygeus muscle of female Wistar rats has been reported, but has not been carefully analyzed. Here, we studied this reflex activity through mechanical stimulation of the clitoris, perigenital skin, caudal vagina and foot, all of which produced bilateral reflex multiunit electromyographic (MEMG) tonic "on" activity and displayed a rapid adaptation. However, deep vagina and cervical stimulation did not modify MEMG baseline activity even if it was combined with clitoris, perigenital skin and foot stimulation...
January 29, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375780/the-baubellum-is-more-developmentally-and-evolutionarily-labile-than-the-baculum
#11
Michael Lough-Stevens, Nicholas G Schultz, Matthew D Dean
Understanding the evolutionary forces that influence sexual dimorphism is a fundamental goal in biology. Here, we focus on one particularly extreme example of sexual dimorphism. Many mammal species possess a bone in their penis called a baculum. The female equivalent of this bone is called the baubellum and occurs in the clitoris, which is developmentally homologous to the male penis. To understand the potential linkage between these two structures, we scored baculum/baubellum presence/absence across 163 species and analyzed their distribution in a phylogenetic framework...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373631/physiological-and-anatomical-outputs-of-rat-genital-cortex
#12
Constanze Lenschow, Michael Brecht
Rat somatosensory genital cortex contains a large sexually monomorphic representation of the penis in males and the clitoris in females. Genital cortex microstimulation-evoked movements of legs, trunk and genitals, which showed sex-specific differences related to mating behaviors and included thrusting in males and lordosis-like movements in females. Erections/tumescence of penis or clitoris could not be evoked, however. Anterograde tracer injections into penis/clitoris cortex revealed eleven corticocortical and 10 subcortical projection targets, which were qualitatively similar in both sexes...
April 1, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315635/association-between-paternal-alcohol-consumption-before-conception-and-anogenital-distance-of-offspring
#13
Ruilan Xia, Longmei Jin, Dekun Li, Hong Liang, Fen Yang, Jianping Chen, Wei Yuan, Maohua Miao
BACKGROUND: There are limited studies on the effects of paternal alcohol consumption, before conception, on the reproductive development of offspring. Anogenital distance (AGD), the distance from the center of the anus to the genitals, is a sensitive biomarker of reproductive hormone abnormalities during the critical developmental window. The relationship between paternal alcohol consumption and AGD of human offspring has not been studied yet. METHODS: This cohort study included 1,292 pregnant women recruited in Shanghai...
April 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245259/efficacy-of-pudendal-nerve-block-for-alleviation-of-catheter-related-bladder-discomfort-in-male-patients-undergoing-lower-urinary-tract-surgeries-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Li Xiaoqiang, Zhang Xuerong, Liu Juan, Bechu Shelley Mathew, Yin Xiaorong, Wan Qin, Luo Lili, Zhu Yingying, Luo Jun
BACKGROUND: Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) to an indwelling urinary catheter is defined as a painful urethral discomfort, resistant to conventional opioid therapy, decreasing the quality of postoperative recovery. According to anatomy, the branches of sacral somatic nerves form the afferent nerves of the urethra and bladder triangle, which deriving from the ventral rami of the second to fourth sacral spinal nerves, innervating the urethral muscles and sphincter of the perineum and pelvic floor; as well as providing sensation to the penis and clitoris in males and females, which including the urethra and bladder triangle...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232631/ambiguous-genitalia-a-social-dilemma-in-bangladesh-a-case-report
#15
Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir Chowdhury, Rashidul Anwar, Arnab Saha
INTRODUCTION: Ambiguous Genitalia is a form of birth defect in which sex of the newborn cannot be readily distinguishable because of atypical appearance of the external genitalia. CASE REPORT-CLINICAL FINDINGS: The patient, an 8 months old baby, was identified as a female baby since birth; but, some senior members of their neighborhood raised confusion regarding sex differentiation of the child. On examination, there was enlarged clitoris or micropenis, bifid scrotum or labioscrotal fold, and separate presence of urethral and vaginal orifices...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225952/thirty-year-trends-in-the-prevalence-and-severity-of-female-genital-mutilation-a-comparison-of-22-countries
#16
Alissa Koski, Jody Heymann
Introduction: Female genital mutilation (FGM) harms women's health and well-being and is widely considered a violation of human rights. The United Nations has called for elimination of the practice by 2030. Methods: We used household survey data to measure trends in the prevalence of FGM in 22 countries. We also examined trends in the severity of the practice by measuring changes in the prevalence of flesh removal, infibulation and symbolic 'nicking' of the genitals...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198508/the-g-spot-is-not-a-structure-evident-on-macroscopic-anatomic-dissection-of-the-vaginal-wall
#17
Nathan Hoag, Janet R Keast, Helen E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists in the literature regarding the presence or absence of an anatomic "G-spot." However, few studies have examined the detailed topographic or histologic anatomy of the putative G-spot location. AIM: To determine the anatomy of the anterior vaginal wall and present detailed, systematic, accessible findings from female cadaveric dissections to provide anatomic clarity with respect to this location. METHODS: Systematic anatomic dissections were performed on 13 female cadavers (32-97 years old, 8 fixed and 5 fresh) to characterize the gross anatomy of the anterior vaginal wall...
December 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155806/anogenital-distance-as-a-phenotypic-signature-through-infancy
#18
Lærke Priskorn, Jørgen H Petersen, Niels Jørgensen, Henriette B Kyhl, Marianne S Andersen, Katharina M Main, Anna-Maria Andersson, Niels E Skakkebaek, Tina K Jensen
BackgroundAnogenital distance (AGD) has been suggested to represent a phenotypic signature reflecting in utero androgen action. However, it is not known whether an individual's AGD at birth correlates to the AGD later in life. We investigate correlations of AGD between 3 and 18 months of age and assess reproducibility of measurements.MethodsWe measured AGD from anus to scrotum (AGDas) and to penis (AGDap) in 407 boys, and to posterior fourchette (AGDaf) and clitoris (AGDac) in 282 girls. Each measure was repeated three times at 3 and 18 months of age, and some children were, furthermore, examined by two different examiners...
December 20, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142769/plexiform-neurofibroma-of-clitoris
#19
Dhanya Yesodharan, Bindu Sudarsanan, Annie Jojo, Mohan Abraham, Nisha Bhavani, Hima Mathews, Sheela Nampoothiri
The most frequent genital presentation of neurofibromatosis in females is clitoromegaly. We report a case of a 5-year-old girl with neurofibromatosis type 1 with clitoral plexiform neurofibromatosis. Clitoroplasty was done, and the histopathology confirmed the diagnosis. Though rare, plexiform neurofibroma of clitoris should always be considered as a differential diagnosis in children with clitoromegaly before embarking on detailed investigations.
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036939/female-genital-mutilation-reconstruction-a-preliminary-report
#20
Catherine S Chang, David W Low, Ivona Percec
Background: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is internationally recognized as a violation of human rights. Though rarely discussed, FGM is prevalent, affecting hundreds of millions of females worldwide. Objectives: We believe that is important for plastic surgeons to be informed and prepared to address the surgical and emotional needs of these women. We present our experience on treatment of women subjected to FGM. Methods: Three consecutive patients were treated by our clitoral restoration procedure...
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
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