keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clitoris

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728619/restless-genital-syndrome-differential-diagnosis-and-treatment-with-pramipexole
#1
Emilia Sforza, David Hupin, Frédéric Roche
Restless genital syndrome refers to excessive and persistent sensations of genital and clitoral arousal with the absence of conscious feeling of sexual desire. These sensations have been linked to symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS) or an overactive bladder. Restless genital syndrome may be related to small fiber sensory neuropathy of the dorsal nerve of the clitoris, so it more frequently occurs in women. The association with RLS suggests a possible dopaminergic mechanism. We report a case of a 74-year-old woman who presented restless genital symptoms every night in association with RLS symptoms...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728138/first-trimester-urinary-bisphenol-a-concentration-in-relation-to-anogenital-distance-an-androgen-sensitive-measure-of-reproductive-development-in-infant-girls
#2
Emily S Barrett, Sheela Sathyanarayana, Omar Mbowe, Sally W Thurston, J Bruce Redmon, Ruby H N Nguyen, Shanna H Swan
INTRODUCTION: Evidence from animal models suggests that prenatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), a ubiquitous endocrine-disrupting chemical, is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes in females. Exposure during early gestation, a critical period for reproductive development, is of particular concern. Anogenital distance (AGD) is a sensitive biomarker of the fetal hormonal milieu and a measure of reproductive toxicity in animal models. In some studies, the daughters of BPA-exposed dams have shorter AGD than controls...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718952/facets-of-clinical-appearance-and-aetiology-in-an-unusual-bovine-amorphus-globosus
#3
J Weber, N Rudolph, M Freick
Amorphus globosus is a rare entity, more common in the cow but also reported in mares, buffaloes and goats. In respect of both development and clinical presentation, this abnormity can be evolved very variably. Previously, it has been discussed whether it is a form of twin pregnancy or placental teratoma. This case report deals with morphology and genetic observations in an unusual bovine amorphus globosus exhibiting a rudimentary clitoris and vulva, gut-like structures and rudimentary bones. The amorphus globosus was shown to be dizygotic to the normal male twin using the BovineSNP50 v2 BeadChip and had a genetical female sex...
July 18, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718602/-sexual-function-and-clitoral-reconstruction-after-female-genital-mutilation
#4
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli, Patrick Petignat
Evidence on sexual function of women living with female genital mutilation (FGM) and on clitoral reconstruction after FGM is limited. Such surgery is performed in case of chronic clitoral pain, clitoral dyspareunia or for female identity reasons. In this article we summarize the anatomical, psychosexual and sociocultural factors that influence sexual function of women with FGM and the available data on clitoral reconstruction. Surgical resection of the fibrous tissue around the clitoris, with eventual excision of painful post-traumatic neuromas, could improve pain and sexual function...
March 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694574/clitoral-choristoma-a-rare-case-report
#5
Jayalaxmi Shripati Aihole, Hemalatha Lokanath, M Narendra Babu, J Deepak
Clitoral hypertrophy is usually seen as a congenital malformation, specifically during the stages of hormonal expressions in the disorders of sexual development. Acquired clitoral hypertrophy is a relatively rare condition. Clitoris can be the site of neoplastic lesions. Clitoral choristoma has not been reported so far in the literature.
July 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668154/mr-imaging-of-the-female-perineum-clitoris-labia-and-introitus
#6
REVIEW
Monica D Agarwal, Elena L Resnick, Jennifer Ni Mhuircheartaigh, Koenraad J Mortele
The female perineum has a complex anatomy and can be involved by a wide range of pathologies. In this article, we specifically focus on the clitoris, labia, and introitus. We discuss the normal anatomy of these structures, the MR imaging techniques to optimize their evaluation, and several common and uncommon entities that may affect them, including benign and malignant tumors, as well as infectious and inflammatory, vascular, iatrogenic, and developmental entities.
August 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640156/the-impact-of-fiera-a-women-s-personal-care-device-on-genital-engorgement-as-measured-by-thermography-a-proof-of-principle-study
#7
Irwin Goldstein, Sue Goldstein, Leah Millheiser
OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of vasoengorgement of the external genitalia caused by Fiera, a personal care device developed specifically to increase sexual arousal and interest. Time to onset of self-reported genital sexual arousal and development of responsive sexual desire were also measured. METHODS: This nonblinded, prospective cohort, single-site study was conducted in women without sexual dysfunction between the ages of 18 and 70. Each participant underwent a single-visit procedure that established a baseline temperature of the external genitalia, followed by 15 minutes of Fiera use...
June 19, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592974/clitoral-size-in-term-newborns-in-kumasi-ghana
#8
Serwah Bonsu Asafo-Agyei, Emmanuel Ameyaw, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Margaret Zacharin, Samuel Blay Nguah
BACKGROUND: Data on normative clitoral sizes in newborns is relatively sparse and racial/ethnic differences have also been reported. This study was performed to establish norms for clitoral size in term Ghanaian female newborns. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of all apparently well full-term newborns of postnatal age < 48 h and birth weight between 2.5 and 4.0 kg delivered at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital between May and September, 2014. Anthropometric and genital parameters were documented for study subjects as well as parental socio-demographic indices...
2017: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535944/restoring-normal-anatomy-in-female-patients-with-atypical-genitalia
#9
Laurence S Baskin
Female patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) have varying degrees of atypical genitalia secondary to prenatal and postnatal androgen exposure. Surgical treatment is focused on restoring normal genitalia anatomy by bringing the vagina to the normal position on the perineum, separating the distal vagina from the urethra, forming a normal introitus and preserving sexual function of the clitoris by accepting moderate degrees of hypertrophy as normal and strategically reducing clitoral size only in the most severely virilized patients...
June 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472863/sexually-selected-size-differences-and-conserved-sexual-monomorphism-of-genital-cortex
#10
Simon M Lauer, Constanze Lenschow, Michael Brecht
The mammalian somatosensory cortex shows marked species-specific differences. How evolution in general and sexual selection in particular shape the somatosensory cortical body representation has not been delineated, however. Here we address this issue by a comparative analysis of genital cortex. Genitals are unique body parts in that they show sexual dimorphism, major changes in puberty and typically more pronounced species differences than other body parts (Hosken & Stockley, 2004). To study the evolution of genital cortex we flattened cortical hemispheres and assembled 104 complete body maps, revealed by cytochrome-oxidase activity in layer 4 of 8 rodent and 1 lagomorph species...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469181/expression-and-distribution-of-the-transient-receptor-potential-cationic-channel-a1-trpa1-in-the-human-clitoris-comparison-to-male-penile-erectile-tissue
#11
S Ückert, K Albrecht, A Bannowsky, M Sohn, M A Kuczyk, P Hedlund
The transient receptor potential cationic channel ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is a channel protein assumed to act in various human tissues as mechano- and pain sensor and play a role in neurotransmission. The expression of TRPA has already been investigated in the human prostate and urethra, however, only very few studies have addressed the expression and distribution in the male and female genital tract. The present study aimed to investigate by means of immunohistochemistry (double-labeling technique, laser fluorescence microscopy) in the human clitoris and penile erectile tissue the localization of TRPA1 in relation to nNOS, the vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT)...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401037/female-epispadias-presenting-as-urinary-incontinence
#12
Asmir Jonuzi, Nusret Popovic, Zlatan Zvizdic, Emir Milišic, Kenan Karavdic, Dewan Paddy
Isolated female epispadias without bladder exstrophy is a rare congenital anomaly affecting 1 in 484,000 females. The presenting features of female epispadias are urinary incontinence and abnormal anatomical features. A 6-year-old girl presented with primary urinary incontinence who on physical examination had a bifid clitoris and labia minora. The vagina and hymen were normal. Voiding cystourethrogram showed no reflux and a funnel shaped proximal urethra. With the diagnosis of isolated female epispadias, one-stage reconstruction of the urethra, bladder neck, labia minora and clitoris was performed...
March 2017: APSP Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392008/long-term-follow-up-after-traditional-versus-modified-perineal-approach-in-the-management-of-female-epispadias
#13
F Alyami, N Fernandez, L Lee, P Metcalfe, A Lorenzo, J Pippi Salle
OBJECTIVE: Isolated female epispadias (IFE) is a rare congenital anomaly. The defect extends to the bladder neck, which is usually incompetent. The traditional surgical approach includes urethral and genital reconstruction in the first year, followed by bladder neck reconstruction (Young-Dees-Leadbetter cervicoplasty (YDL)) at the age of social continence. An alternative single-stage technique includes urethral, bladder neck and clitoris repair by a perineal approach. The aim of the present study was to describe long-term follow-up of patients who underwent the traditional vs alternative approach...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333243/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-is-associated-with-anogenital-distance-a-marker-of-prenatal-androgen-exposure
#14
Yingchen Wu, Guangzheng Zhong, Shengfu Chen, Chengyu Zheng, Dehua Liao, Meiqing Xie
Study question: Is the presence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) associated with anogenital distance (AGD), a biomarker for the prenatal hormonal environment? Summary answer: The presence of PCOS is associated with longer AGD. What is known already: Although the aetiology of PCOS is unclear, emerging data suggest that the natural history of PCOS may originate from intrauterine life. Prenatal exposure to androgen hormones is considered an important factor of PCOS...
April 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299217/management-of-retained-genital-piercings-a-case-report-and-review
#15
Laura J Moulton, Amelia M Jernigan
The prevalence of genital piercing among women is increasing. As the popularity increases, the number of complications from infection, injury, and retained jewelry is likely to rise. Techniques to remove embedded jewelry are not well described in the literature. The purpose of this report was to describe a case of a patient with a retained clitoral glans piercing, discuss a simple technique for outpatient removal, and review current evidence regarding associated risks of clitoral piercings. A 24-year-old female presented to the emergency department with an embedded clitoral glans piercing...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275696/surgical-management-of-squamous-cell-vulvar-cancer-without-clitoris-urethra-or-anus-involvement
#16
REVIEW
Alpaslan Kaban, Işık Kaban, Selim Afşar
Vulvar cancers, which constitute 5% of all gynecologic cancers, are the fourth most common female genital cancers, preceded by uterine, ovarian and cervical cancers. The treatment methods employed for vulvar cancers have changed over the years, with previously applied radical surgical approaches, such as en bloc resection, being gradually suspended in favor of treatment approaches that require dissection of less tissue. While the removal of less tissue, which today's approaches have focused on, prevents morbidity, this method seems to result in higher risks of recurrence...
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251823/comparative-morphology-of-the-penis-and-clitoris-in-four-species-of-moles-talpidae
#17
Adriane Watkins Sinclair, Stephen Glickman, Kenneth Catania, Akio Shinohara, Lawrence Baskin, Gerald R Cunha
The penile and clitoral anatomy of four species of Talpid moles (broad-footed, star-nosed, hairy-tailed, and Japanese shrew moles) were investigated to define penile and clitoral anatomy and to examine the relationship of the clitoral anatomy with the presence or absence of ovotestes. The ovotestis contains ovarian tissue and glandular tissue resembling fetal testicular tissue and can produce androgens. The ovotestis is present in star-nosed and hairy-tailed moles, but not in broad-footed and Japanese shrew moles...
May 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178983/management-of-painful-clitoral-neuroma-after-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#18
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Jean-Christophe Tille, Patrick Petignat
BACKGROUND: Traumatic neuromas are the result of regenerative disorganized proliferation of the proximal portion of lesioned nerves. They can exist in any anatomical site and are responsible for neuropathic pain. Post-traumatic neuromas of the clitoris have been described as an uncommon consequence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). FGM/C involves partial or total removal of the female genital organs for non-therapeutic reasons. It can involve cutting of the clitoris and can cause psychological, sexual, and physical complications...
February 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161082/genital-sensory-detection-thresholds-and-patient-satisfaction-with-vaginoplasty-in-male-to-female-transgender-women
#19
Marianne LeBreton, Frédérique Courtois, Nicolas Morel Journel, Dominic Beaulieu-Prévost, Marc Bélanger, Alain Ruffion, Jean-Étienne Terrier
INTRODUCTION: Gender-affirming surgery is common for the treatment of gender dysphoria, but its effect on genital sensitivity is not well known. AIMS: To investigate genital sensory detection thresholds in male-to-female transgender women postoperatively and their relation to psychological well-being and variables of satisfaction. METHODS: Prospective study on 28 transgender women at least 18 years old operated on at least 3 months before the study by a single surgeon (N...
February 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102579/anatomical-organization-and-somatic-axonal-components-of-the-lumbosacral-nerves-in-female-rabbits
#20
Yolanda Cruz, Isela Hernández-Plata, Rosa Angélica Lucio, René Zempoalteca, Francisco Castelán, Margarita Martínez-Gómez
AIM: To determine the anatomical organization and somatic axonal components of the lumbosacral nerves in female rabbits. METHODS: Chinchilla adult anesthetized female rabbits were used. Anatomical, electrophysiological, and histological studies were performed. RESULTS: L7, S1, and some fibers from S2 and S3 form the lumbosacral trunk, which gives origin to the sciatic nerve and innervation to the gluteal region. From S2 to S3 originates the pudendal nerve, whose branches innervates the striated anal and urethra sphincters, as well as the bulbospongiosus, ischiocavernosus, and constrictor vulvae muscles...
January 19, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
keyword
keyword
9624
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"