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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924655/a-rare-lesion-of-the-clitoris-atypical-cellular-blue-naevus-case-report
#1
Elif Didem Özdemir, Cem Yalçınkaya, Gonca Çoban, Tuba Canpolat, Aylin Okçu Heper, Hüsnü Çelik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914563/differential-effects-of-testosterone-and-estradiol-on-clitoral-function-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#2
Paolo Comeglio, Ilaria Cellai, Sandra Filippi, Chiara Corno, Francesca Corcetto, Annamaria Morelli, Elena Maneschi, Elisa Maseroli, Edoardo Mannucci, Massimiliano Fambrini, Mario Maggi, Linda Vignozzi
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual response is a complex phenomenon in which psychological, neurologic, and vascular mechanisms and hormonal factors interact. During the arousal phase, they cooperate to increase genital blood flow, thus inducing engorgement of the clitoris and lubrication of the vagina. Regulation of vascular and non-vascular smooth muscle tone is the crucial event in the erectile process. Preclinical studies have suggested that nitric oxide (NO) is the main vasodilator neurotransmitter modulating, through the second messenger cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), clitoral flow vessels...
December 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866459/appearance-of-external-genital-organs-and-types-of-hymen-in-turkish-female-foetal-cadavers
#3
Gülnur Özgüner, Kenan Öztürk, Cemil Bilkay, Ahmet Dursun, Osman Sulak, Esra Koyuncu
The present study's purpose was to determine the size and morphometric development of the female external genital organs on foetal cadavers. Dimensions of labia majora, labia minora and clitoris, bilabial diameter, vertical and horizontal diameters of hymenal opening, distance between the external urethral orifice and hymenal opening, distance between the clitoris and external urethral orifice and anogenital distance were measured. The hymenal types were determined. Mean values of parameters according to gestational weeks, months and trimesters were calculated...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857458/magnetic-resonance-neurographic-confirmation-of-extensive-plexiform-neurofibroma-in-neurofibromatosis-1-presenting-as-ambiguous-genitalia
#4
Ishan Kumar, Ashish Verma, Ritu Ojha, Priyanka Aggarwal, Ram C Shukla, Arvind Srivastava
Genitourinary involvement of neurofibromatosis is uncommon and genital neurofibromatosis is even rarer. Involvement of clitoris by neurofibroma can lead to clitoromegaly masquerading as a male penis. We report such a case of ambiguous genitalia in a 7-year-old female child presenting with clitoromegaly since birth, in which magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the presence of extensive neurofibromatosis in the clitoris and lumbosacral regions. We emphasize the central role of MRI in evaluation of hormonal and non-hormonal causes of ambiguous genitalia...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795794/-anatomical-bases-of-external-pudendal-artery-injuries-during-surgical-treatment-of-pelvic-limb-varices
#5
Magaye Gaye, Assane Ndiaye, Papa Adama Dieng, Aynina Ndiaye, Papa Salmane Ba, Souleymane Diatta, Amadou Gabriel Ciss, Jean Marc Ndiaga Ndoye, Mamadou Diop, Abdoulaye Ndiaye, Mouhamadou Ndiaye, Abdarahmane Dia
INTRODUCTION: External pudendal artery is a collateral branch of the common femoral artery which is the primary blood supply to the penis or the clitoris. Its relationship with the venous arch of the great saphenous vein and its afferents in femoral triangle, are very narrow. This often entails injuries during crossectomy and great saphenous vein stripping. These lesions can cause sexual dysfunction. METHODS: This study reports the case of a dissection of 22 inguinal regions in 13 men and 9 women who underwent surgical treatment of the femoral triangle...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791968/the-whole-versus-the-sum-of-some-of-the-parts-toward-resolving-the-apparent-controversy-of-clitoral-versus-vaginal-orgasms
#6
James G Pfaus, Gonzalo R Quintana, Conall Mac Cionnaith, Mayte Parada
BACKGROUND: The nature of a woman's orgasm has been a source of scientific, political, and cultural debate for over a century. Since the Victorian era, the pendulum has swung from the vagina to the clitoris, and to some extent back again, with the current debate stuck over whether internal sensory structures exist in the vagina that could account for orgasms based largely on their stimulation, or whether stimulation of the external glans clitoris is always necessary for orgasm. METHOD: We review the history of the clitoral versus vaginal orgasm debate as it has evolved with conflicting ideas and data from psychiatry and psychoanalysis, epidemiology, evolutionary theory, feminist political theory, physiology, and finally neuroscience...
2016: Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791966/activation-of-sensory-cortex-by-imagined-genital-stimulation-an-fmri-analysis
#7
Nan J Wise, Eleni Frangos, Barry R Komisaruk
BACKGROUND: During the course of a previous study, our laboratory made a serendipitous finding that just thinking about genital stimulation resulted in brain activations that overlapped with, and differed from, those generated by physical genital stimulation. OBJECTIVE: This study extends our previous findings by further characterizing how the brain differentially processes physical 'touch' stimulation and 'imagined' stimulation. DESIGN: Eleven healthy women (age range 29-74) participated in an fMRI study of the brain response to imagined or actual tactile stimulation of the nipple and clitoris...
2016: Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775933/clitoral-metastasis-from-advanced-cervical-carcinoma-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct
#8
Yu-Yu Lu, Chien-Hsing Lu, Hsin-Yi Wang
Metastatic tumors of the clitoris from cervical carcinoma are extremely rare. Here, we described a 54-year-old woman with clitoral metastasis from cervical carcinoma demonstrated on F-FDG PET/CT images.
January 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751833/perineal-ultrasound-offers-useful-information-in-girls-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#9
J Lindert, O Hiort, L Tüshaus, K Tafazzoli-Lari, L Wünsch
A variable spectrum of urogenital malformations exists in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). The vagina may enter the urethra at a variable level, and relations to the sphincter complex vary accordingly. Furthermore, an enlarged clitoris and variations in the bladder sphincter anatomy can be found. Endoscopy, genitography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are commonly used for the assessment of these anomalies, and to provide information for counselling and treatment. When surgery is planned, introitoplasty cosmetical reduction of the clitoris and labioplasty are discussed with the families; introitoplasty is the most demanding aspect...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729812/dorsal-clitoral-nerve-injury-following-transobturator-midurethral-sling
#10
Chailee F Moss, Lynn A Damitz, Richard H Gracely, Alice C Mintz, Denniz A Zolnoun, A Lee Dellon
INTRODUCTION: Transobturator slings can be successfully used to treat stress urinary incontinence and improve quality of life through a minimally invasive vaginal approach. Persistent postoperative pain can occur and pose diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas. Following a sling procedure, a patient complained of pinching clitoral and perineal pain. Her symptoms of localized clitoral pinching and pain became generalized over the ensuing years, eventually encompassing the entire left vulvovaginal region...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725234/a-novel-electrophysiological-method-in-the-diagnosis-of-pudendal-neuropathy-position-related-changes-in-pudendal-sensory-evoked-potentials
#11
Burcu Örmeci, Egemen Avcı, Çigdem Kaspar, Özlem Eranıl Terim, Tibet Erdoğru, A Emre Öge
OBJECTIVES: To examine the diagnostic value of pudendal somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) in pudendal nerve entrapment neuropaty (PNE) by stimulating the two sides separately after provocation by a standard sitting position. Routine pudendal SEPs performed in the supine position with bilateral simultaneous stimulation may fail to show the abnormality because the complaints of PNE appear or worsen in the sitting position. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with PNE and 16 controls were included...
October 7, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720282/-clitoral-reconstruction-after-female-genital-mutilation-at-chu-yalgado-of-ouagadougou-burkina-faso-about-68%C3%A2-patients-operated
#12
C M R Ouédraogo, S Madzou, A Simporé, V Combaud, A Ouattara, F Millogo, A Ouédraogo, S Kiemtore, H Zamane, Y A Sawadogo, P Kaien, B Dramé, B Thieba, J Lankoandé, P Descamps
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this survey was to assess the results of a new clitoral transposition technique in the obstetrics and gynecology department of CHUYO. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A cohort of 68 women victims of genital mutilation has received clitoral reconstruction by a new technique of transposition of the clitoris. They were operated and followed for 12 months in CHUYO gynecology ward in Ouagadougou. We evaluated the management of pain, anatomical aspect, functional and occurrence of complications...
October 5, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700538/cross-sex-hormone-treatment-and-psychobiological-changes-in-transsexual-persons-two-year-follow-up-data
#13
Alessandra D Fisher, Giovanni Castellini, Jiska Ristori, Helen Casale, Emanuele Cassioli, Carolina Sensi, Egidia Fanni, Anna Maria Letizia Amato, Eva Bettini, Maddalena Mosconi, Davide Dèttore, Valdo Ricca, Mario Maggi
CONTEXT: To date, there are few studies investigating the impact of body changes induced by cross-sex hormonal treatment (CHT) on psychobiological well-being in gender-dysphoric persons (GDs). OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess whether CHT-related body changes affect psychobiological well-being in GDs. METHODS: A consecutive series of 359 GDs was considered for a cross-sectional section of the study. In addition, 54 GDs were studied in a 2-year follow-up...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667356/clitorally-stimulated-orgasms-are-associated-with-better-control-of-sexual-desire-and-not-associated-with-depression-or-anxiety-compared-with-vaginally-stimulated-orgasms
#14
Nicole Prause, Lambert Kuang, Peter Lee, Geoffrey Miller
INTRODUCTION: Most women report that clitoral stimulation is an integral aspect of their orgasm experience. Thus, recent claims that vaginal stimulation and vaginally generated orgasms are superior to clitoral stimulation and clitorally generated orgasms pathologize most women and maintain a clitoral vs vaginal dichotomy that might not accurately reflect the complexity of women's sexual experience. AIM: To have women report on their experienced source of orgasm, including combinations of vaginal and clitoral stimulation, the solo or partnered context of the stimulation, and the intensity of the orgasms from different sources and to predict indicators of mental health and sexual health using the orgasm source...
November 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661427/intraepithelial-extramammary-paget-s-disease-of-the-vulva-the-clinicopathological-characteristics-management-and-outcome-in-a-study-of-18-female-patients
#15
Lingling Fan, Jin Zhu, Xiang Tao, Congjian Xu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the clinicopathologic characteristics, management, and outcome of patients with intraepithelial extramammary Paget's disease of the vulva (EMPDV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included medical records and pathological slides of 18 female patients with EMPDV between January 2001 and December 2012. Diagnosis was confirmed using conventional hematoxylin and eosin staining. RESULTS: The median age was 65 years...
October 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596700/female-genital-mutilation-and-cutting-an-anatomical-review-and-alternative-rites
#16
Vincenzo Puppo
The World Health Organization reports that more than 200 million women currently alive have been subjected to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) worldwide, and three million girls continue to be at risk each year. FGM/C today is women's business. The vulva is formed by the labia majora and the vestibule, with its erectile apparatus. These structures are located under the urogenital diaphragm, behind the pubic symphysis in the anterior perineal region. The clitoris is entirely an external genital organ: the glans and body covered by the prepuce are visible/free while the roots are hidden...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594153/clinical-features-of-32-patients-with-xo-xy-gonadal-dysgenesis
#17
Jian-Fa Jiang, Qin-Jie Tian, Wei Xue, Yan Deng, Ting-Ping Zheng, Ai-Jun Sun
Objective To summarize the clinical features of XO/XY gonadal dysgenesis. Method We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients with XO/XY gonadal dysgenesis admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2008 to May 2015. Results Totally 32 patients with XO/XY gonadal dysgenesis were included. The social gender was female in all subjects and the age 6 to 33 years. Patients presented mainly with primary amenorrhea or short stature,and usually had specific somatic signs of Turner's syndrome...
August 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561133/vulvar-concerns-in-women-with-a-history-of-abdominoplasty-a-case-series
#18
Avery Whitis, Diane E Elas, Andrea OʼShea, Colleen K Stockdale
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to present a series of women with a history of traditional abdominoplasty or circumferential abdominoplasty (belt lipectomy) with vulvar concerns and anatomic changes. METHODS: We describe 5 women with a history of abdominoplasty who were referred with symptoms of vulvar pain, dyspareunia, lower urinary tract symptoms, and/or lesion/mass. Physical examination revealed elevation of the clitoris on the pubic symphysis with or without retraction of the clitoral hood in each...
October 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551340/3t-magnetic-resonance-neurography-of-pudendal-nerve-with-cadaveric-dissection-correlation
#19
Avneesh Chhabra, Courtney A McKenna, Vibhor Wadhwa, Gaurav K Thawait, John A Carrino, Gary P Lees, A Lee Dellon
AIM: To evaluate the pudendal nerve segments that could be identified on magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) before and after surgical marking of different nerve segments. METHODS: The hypothesis for this study was that pudendal nerve and its branches would be more easily seen after the surgical nerve marking. Institutional board approval was obtained. One male and one female cadaver pelvis were obtained from the anatomy board and were scanned using 3 Tesla MRI scanner using MR neurography sequences...
July 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549222/the-dorsal-nerve-of-the-clitoris-in-relation-to-urinary-incontinence-sling-procedures
#20
Sonè van der Walt, Frans J van Wijk, Zeelha Abdool, Anna C Oettlé
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To avoid injury to the perineal branches of the pudendal nerve during urinary incontinence sling procedures, a thorough knowledge of the course of these nerve branches is essential. The dorsal nerve of the clitoris (DNC) may be at risk when performing the retropubic (tension-free vaginal tape) procedure as well as the inside-out and outside-in transobturator tape procedures. The purpose of this study was to identify the anatomical relationships of the DNC to the tapes placed during the procedures mentioned and to determine the influence of body variations...
August 22, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
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