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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232631/ambiguous-genitalia-a-social-dilemma-in-bangladesh-a-case-report
#1
Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir Chowdhury, Rashidul Anwar, Arnab Saha
INTRODUCTION: Ambiguous Genitalia is a form of birth defect in which sex of the newborn cannot be readily distinguishable because of atypical appearance of the external genitalia. CASE REPORT-CLINICAL FINDINGS: The patient, an 8 months old baby, was identified as a female baby since birth; but, some senior members of their neighborhood raised confusion regarding sex differentiation of the child. On examination, there was enlarged clitoris or micropenis, bifid scrotum or labioscrotal fold, and separate presence of urethral and vaginal orifices...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225952/thirty-year-trends-in-the-prevalence-and-severity-of-female-genital-mutilation-a-comparison-of-22-countries
#2
Alissa Koski, Jody Heymann
Introduction: Female genital mutilation (FGM) harms women's health and well-being and is widely considered a violation of human rights. The United Nations has called for elimination of the practice by 2030. Methods: We used household survey data to measure trends in the prevalence of FGM in 22 countries. We also examined trends in the severity of the practice by measuring changes in the prevalence of flesh removal, infibulation and symbolic 'nicking' of the genitals...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198508/the-g-spot-is-not-a-structure-evident-on-macroscopic-anatomic-dissection-of-the-vaginal-wall
#3
Nathan Hoag, Janet R Keast, Helen E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists in the literature regarding the presence or absence of an anatomic "G-spot." However, few studies have examined the detailed topographic or histologic anatomy of the putative G-spot location. AIM: To determine the anatomy of the anterior vaginal wall and present detailed, systematic, accessible findings from female cadaveric dissections to provide anatomic clarity with respect to this location. METHODS: Systematic anatomic dissections were performed on 13 female cadavers (32-97 years old, 8 fixed and 5 fresh) to characterize the gross anatomy of the anterior vaginal wall...
December 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155806/anogenital-distance-as-a-phenotypic-signature-through-infancy
#4
Lærke Priskorn, Jørgen H Petersen, Niels Jørgensen, Henriette B Kyhl, Marianne S Andersen, Katharina M Main, Anna-Maria Andersson, Niels E Skakkebaek, Tina K Jensen
BACKGROUND: Anogenital distance (AGD) has been suggested to represent a phenotypic signature reflecting in utero androgen action. However, it is not known whether an individual's AGD at birth correlates to AGD later in life. We investigate correlations of AGD between 3 and 18 months and asses reproducibility of measurements. METHODS: We measured AGD from anus to scrotum (AGDas) and penis (AGDap) in 407 boys, and to posterior fourchette (AGDaf) and clitoris (AGDac) in 282 girls...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142769/plexiform-neurofibroma-of-clitoris
#5
Dhanya Yesodharan, Bindu Sudarsanan, Annie Jojo, Mohan Abraham, Nisha Bhavani, Hima Mathews, Sheela Nampoothiri
The most frequent genital presentation of neurofibromatosis in females is clitoromegaly. We report a case of a 5-year-old girl with neurofibromatosis type 1 with clitoral plexiform neurofibromatosis. Clitoroplasty was done, and the histopathology confirmed the diagnosis. Though rare, plexiform neurofibroma of clitoris should always be considered as a differential diagnosis in children with clitoromegaly before embarking on detailed investigations.
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036939/female-genital-mutilation-reconstruction-a-preliminary-report
#6
Catherine S Chang, David W Low, Ivona Percec
Background: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is internationally recognized as a violation of human rights. Though rarely discussed, FGM is prevalent, affecting hundreds of millions of females worldwide. Objectives: We believe that is important for plastic surgeons to be informed and prepared to address the surgical and emotional needs of these women. We present our experience on treatment of women subjected to FGM. Methods: Three consecutive patients were treated by our clitoral restoration procedure...
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983459/infantile-hemangioma-of-the-clitoris-presenting-as-a-clitoral-mass-a%C3%A2-case-report
#7
P E Nichols, J E Michaud, M H Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951863/a-case-of-granular-cell-tumor-of-the-clitoris-in-a-postmenopausal-woman
#8
Ji-Won Min, Yun-Sook Kim
Granular cell tumor (GCT) is a rare soft tissue tumor that derived from Schwann cells. Most are benign, less than 2% are malignant and, in the malignant cases, the prognosis of survival is poor. Most of these tumors are less than 3 cm in size, and they are more common in black women. The disease usually occurs in the 40s to the 60s and occurs after menopause, but there are few cases reported in adolescence. A 45-year-old woman visited the outpatient clinic with a solid mass that developed 2 years ago and present to date on the left side of the clitoris...
August 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942447/anogenital-distance-in-term-newborns-in-kumasi-ghana
#9
Serwah Bonsu Asafo-Agyei, Emmanuel Ameyaw, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Margaret Zacharin, Samuel Blay Nguah, Olumide Olatokunbo Jarrett
BACKGROUND: Anogenital distance (AGD) is a simple noninvasive measure of foetal androgen exposure. This study was done to generate normative data on AGD in Ghanaian newborns. METHODS: AGD was measured in 644 male and 612 female term newborns; including the distance between the anterior base of the penis and the centre of the anus, the posterior base of the penis and the centre of the anus, and the posterior base of the scrotum and the centre of the anus (ASD) in males and the distance from the anus to the fourchette (AF) and from the anus to the base of the clitoris in females...
September 22, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922561/reconciling-female-genital-circumcision-with-universal-human-rights
#10
John-Stewart Gordon
One of the most challenging issues in cross-cultural bioethics concerns the long-standing socio-cultural practice of female genital circumcision (FGC), which is prevalent in many African countries and the Middle East as well as in some Asian and Western countries. It is commonly assumed that FGC, in all its versions, constitutes a gross violation of the universal human rights of health, physical integrity, and individual autonomy and hence should be abolished. This article, however, suggests a mediating approach according to which one form of FGC, the removal of the clitoris foreskin, can be made compatible with the high demands of universal human rights...
September 18, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913836/female-reproductive-system-morphology-of-crab-eating-fox-cerdocyon-thous-and-cryopreservation-of-genetic-material-for-animal-germplasm-bank-enrichment
#11
L C Machado, K C S Roballo, F S Cury, C E Ambrósio
The sprawl of the urbanization and road network process without building ecological corridors contributes to the high mortality rates and a threat to the population decline of wild species such as the crab-eating fox. A strategy for the ex situ conservation is the study of the reproductive biology of the species and cryopreservation of their genetic heritage through the formation of an animal germplasm bank. This research is in accordance with the principles adopted by Brazilian College of Animal Experimentation...
September 15, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894728/treatment-of-the-enlarged-clitoris
#12
REVIEW
Martin Kaefer, Richard C Rink
Management of the enlarged clitoris, because of its import for sexual function, has been and remains one of the most controversial topics in pediatric urology. Early controversy surrounding clitoroplasty resulted from many factors including an incomplete understanding of clitoral anatomy and incorrect assumptions of the role of the clitoris in sexual function. With a better understanding of anatomy and function, procedures have evolved to preserve clitoral tissue, especially with respect to the neurovascular bundles...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838354/the-medical-care-of-the-neovagina-of-transgender-women-a-review
#13
Vincent J Cornelisse, Rosemary A Jones, Christopher K Fairley, Sonia R Grover
For transgender women, genital adjustment surgery involves removal of the natal reproductive organs and creation of a neovagina, vulva and clitoris. We conducted a review of the medical literature in order to summarise the issues that can affect the health of the neovagina in the long term, and to make recommendations on how to manage these issues.
August 25, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755440/the-effectiveness-of-surgical-interventions-for-women-with-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
R C Berg, S Taraldsen, M A Said, I K Sørbye, S Vangen
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) changes normal genital functionality and can cause complications. There is an increasing demand for treatment of FGM/C-related complications. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review of empirical quantitative research on the outcomes of interventions for women with FGM/C-related complications. SEARCH STRATEGY: A search specialist searched 16 electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: Selection was performed independently by two researchers...
July 29, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728619/restless-genital-syndrome-differential-diagnosis-and-treatment-with-pramipexole
#15
Emilia Sforza, David Hupin, Frédéric Roche
Restless genital syndrome refers to excessive and persistent sensations of genital and clitoral arousal with the absence of conscious feeling of sexual desire. These sensations have been linked to symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS) or an overactive bladder. Restless genital syndrome may be related to small fiber sensory neuropathy of the dorsal nerve of the clitoris, so it more frequently occurs in women. The association with RLS suggests a possible dopaminergic mechanism. We report a case of a 74-year-old woman who presented restless genital symptoms every night in association with RLS symptoms...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728138/first-trimester-urinary-bisphenol-a-concentration-in-relation-to-anogenital-distance-an-androgen-sensitive-measure-of-reproductive-development-in-infant-girls
#16
Emily S Barrett, Sheela Sathyanarayana, Omar Mbowe, Sally W Thurston, J Bruce Redmon, Ruby H N Nguyen, Shanna H Swan
INTRODUCTION: Evidence from animal models suggests that prenatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), a ubiquitous endocrine-disrupting chemical, is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes in females. Exposure during early gestation, a critical period for reproductive development, is of particular concern. Anogenital distance (AGD) is a sensitive biomarker of the fetal hormonal milieu and a measure of reproductive toxicity in animal models. In some studies, the daughters of BPA-exposed dams have shorter AGD than controls...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718952/facets-of-clinical-appearance-and-aetiology-in-an-unusual-bovine-amorphus-globosus
#17
J Weber, N Rudolph, M Freick
Amorphus globosus is a rare entity, more common in the cow but also reported in mares, buffaloes and goats. In respect of both development and clinical presentation, this abnormity can be evolved very variably. Previously, it has been discussed whether it is a form of twin pregnancy or placental teratoma. This case report deals with morphology and genetic observations in an unusual bovine amorphus globosus exhibiting a rudimentary clitoris and vulva, gut-like structures and rudimentary bones. The amorphus globosus was shown to be dizygotic to the normal male twin using the BovineSNP50 v2 BeadChip and had a genetical female sex...
July 18, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718602/-sexual-function-and-clitoral-reconstruction-after-female-genital-mutilation
#18
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli, Patrick Petignat
Evidence on sexual function of women living with female genital mutilation (FGM) and on clitoral reconstruction after FGM is limited. Such surgery is performed in case of chronic clitoral pain, clitoral dyspareunia or for female identity reasons. In this article we summarize the anatomical, psychosexual and sociocultural factors that influence sexual function of women with FGM and the available data on clitoral reconstruction. Surgical resection of the fibrous tissue around the clitoris, with eventual excision of painful post-traumatic neuromas, could improve pain and sexual function...
March 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694574/clitoral-choristoma-a-rare-case-report
#19
Jayalaxmi Shripati Aihole, Hemalatha Lokanath, M Narendra Babu, J Deepak
Clitoral hypertrophy is usually seen as a congenital malformation, specifically during the stages of hormonal expressions in the disorders of sexual development. Acquired clitoral hypertrophy is a relatively rare condition. Clitoris can be the site of neoplastic lesions. Clitoral choristoma has not been reported so far in the literature.
July 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668154/mr-imaging-of-the-female-perineum-clitoris-labia-and-introitus
#20
REVIEW
Monica D Agarwal, Elena L Resnick, Jennifer Ni Mhuircheartaigh, Koenraad J Mortele
The female perineum has a complex anatomy and can be involved by a wide range of pathologies. In this article, we specifically focus on the clitoris, labia, and introitus. We discuss the normal anatomy of these structures, the MR imaging techniques to optimize their evaluation, and several common and uncommon entities that may affect them, including benign and malignant tumors, as well as infectious and inflammatory, vascular, iatrogenic, and developmental entities.
August 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
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