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Pain catastrophizing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919156/chronic-low-back-pain-and-the-transdiagnostic-process-how-do-cognitive-and-emotional-dysregulations-contribute-to-the-intensity-of-risk-factors-and-pain
#1
M Le Borgne, A H Boudoukha, A Petit, Y Roquelaure
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Based on a transdiagnostic approach, this study assesses the impact of cognitive and emotional processes (difficulties in emotional regulation, impulsiveness, rumination and somatosensory amplification) on the psychological risk factors of chronic low-back pain. METHODS: The study was carried out with 256 patients with chronic low-back pain. All the variables were assessed through a booklet of 10 validated questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis and moderation analysis were performed...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919155/context-sensitive-regulation-of-pain-and-emotion-development-and-initial-validation-of-a-scale-for-context-insensitive-avoidance
#2
Ida K Flink, Ester Klein-Strandberg, Steven J Linton
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Context insensitivity has been put forward as a potential mechanism explaining the high co-occurrence of pain and emotional distress. In the pain literature, the concept has only been introduced at a theoretical level and an assessment tool for exploring its impact is lacking. In an interpersonal setting, a core aspect of context sensitivity and insensitivity concerns when to disclose and when to avoid expressing pain and related distress. Both context insensitive disclosure and context insensitive avoidance may hamper interpersonal support and fuel the problem...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914487/illness-perceptions-explain-the-variance-in-functional-disability-but-not-habitual-physical-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Marijke Leysen, Jo Nijs, Paul Van Wilgen, Filip Struyf, Mira Meeus, Erik Fransen, Christophe Demoulin, Rob Smeets, Nathalie A Roussel
INTRODUCTION: Although the importance of psychosocial factors has been highlighted in many studies in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), there is a lack of research examining the role of illness perceptions in explaining functional disability and physical activity in patients with CLBP. AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the value of illness perceptions in explaining functional disability and physical activity in patients with CLBP. METHODS: Eighty-four participants with CLBP (> 3 months) completed a battery of questionnaires investigating psychosocial factors (pain catastrophizing scale (PCS), illness perceptions questionnaire revised (IPQ-R) and SF-36 mental health scale (SF-36_MH)) as well as the perceived pain intensity (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Baecke questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911933/pain-cognition-versus-pain-intensity-in-patients-with-endometriosis-toward-personalized-treatment
#4
Mieke A W van Aken, Joukje M Oosterman, C M van Rijn, Magdalena A Ferdek, Gé S F Ruigt, B W M M Peeters, Didi D M Braat, Annemiek W Nap
OBJECTIVE: To explore how pain intensity and pain cognition are related to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in women with endometriosis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. SETTING: Multidisciplinary referral center. PATIENT(S): Women with laparoscopically and/or magnetic resonance imaging-proven endometriosis (n = 50) and healthy control women (n = 42). INTERVENTION(S): For HRQoL, two questionnaires: the generic Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Endometriosis Health Profile 30 (EHP-30)...
September 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887068/the-rationale-design-and-methods-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-collaborative-telecare-in-preserving-function-among-patients-with-late-stage-cancer-and-hematologic-conditions
#5
Andrea L Cheville, Timothy Moynihan, Jeffrey R Basford, John A Nyman, Marty L Tuma, Debra A Macken, Terry Therneau, Daniel Satelel, Kurt Kroenke
Disablement affects over 40% of patients with advanced stage cancer, devastates their quality of life (QoL), and increases their healthcare costs. Proactively treating the causes of disablement; physical impairments, pain, and immobility, can prolong functional independence, improve QoL and, potentially, reduce utilization. However rehabilitation service delivery models are reactive in nature and focus on catastrophic rather than incipient disability. A validated collaborative approach, the Three Component Model (TCM), optimizes important clinical outcomes and may provide an ideal framework to overcome barriers to proactively integrating rehabilitation into cancer care...
September 5, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878880/greater-saphenous-vein-anomaly-and-aneurysm-with-subsequent-pulmonary-embolism
#6
Truong Ma, Craig Kornbau
Venous aneurysms often present as painful masses. They can present either in the deep or superficial venous system. Deep venous system aneurysms have a greater risk of thromboembolism. Though rare, there have been case reports of superficial aneurysms and thrombus causing significant morbidity such as pulmonary embolism. We present a case of an anomalous greater saphenous vein connection with an aneurysm and thrombus resulting in a pulmonary embolism. This is the only reported case of an anomalous greater saphenous vein connection with aneurysm and thrombus, which eventually led to a pulmonary embolism...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871427/measuring-pain-catastrophizing-and-pain-related-self-efficacy-expert-panels-focus-groups-and-cognitive-interviews
#7
Dagmar Amtmann, Kendra Liljenquist, Alyssa Bamer, Fraser Bocell, Mark Jensen, Rosanne Wilson, Dennis Turk
PURPOSE: Pain-related self-efficacy and pain catastrophizing are important psychosocial determinants of pain and can be therapeutic targets for chronic pain management. Advances in psychometric science have made shorter or dynamically administered instruments possible. The aim of this study was to generate and test candidate items for two new patient-reported outcome measures of pain-related self-efficacy and pain catastrophizing. METHODS: An expert panel of pain clinicians and researchers was convened to establish construct definitions of pain-related self-efficacy and pain catastrophizing and guide item development...
September 4, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870602/the-brazilian-back-complaints-in-the-elders-brazilian-bace-study-characteristics-of-brazilian-older-adults-with-a-new-episode-of-low-back-pain
#8
Fabianna Resende De Jesus-Moraleida, Paulo Henrique Ferreira, Manuela Loureiro Ferreira, Juscelio Pereira Da Silva, Marcella Guimarães Assis, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira
OBJECTIVE: Low back pain (LBP) is little explored in the aging population especially when considering age-relevant and culturally dependent outcomes. We aimed to describe socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of Brazilian older people with a new episode of LBP presenting to primary care. METHODS: We sourced baseline information on socio-demographic, pain-related and clinical characteristics from 602 older adults from the Brazilian Back Complaints in the Elders (Brazilian BACE) study...
August 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865445/distinctive-subgroups-derived-by-cluster-analysis-based-on-pain-and-psychological-symptoms-in-swedish-older-adults-with-chronic-pain-a-population-study-pains65
#9
Britt Larsson, Björn Gerdle, Lars Bernfort, Lars-Åke Levin, Elena Dragioti
BACKGROUND: Improved knowledge based on clinical features of chronic pain in older adults would be valuable in terms of patient-orientated approaches and would provide support for health care systems in optimizing health care resources. This study identifies subgroups based on pain and psychological symptoms among Swedish older adults in the general population and compares derived subgroups with respect to socio-demographics, health aspects, and health care costs. METHODS: This cross-sectional study uses data collected from four registers and one survey...
September 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858986/sensory-phenotype-and-risk-factors-for-painful-diabetic-neuropathy-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#10
Jana Raputova, Iva Srotova, Eva Vlckova, Claudia Sommer, Nurcan Uceyler, Frank Birklein, Heike L Rittner, Cora Rebhorn, Blanka Adamova, Ivana Kovalova, Eva Kralickova Nekvapilova, Lucas Forer, Jana Belobradkova, Jindrich Olsovsky, Pavel Weber, Ladislav Dusek, Jiri Jarkovsky, Josef Bednarik
Different sensory profiles in diabetic distal symmetrical sensory-motor polyneuropathy (DSPN) may be associated with pain and the responsiveness to analgesia. We aimed to characterize sensory phenotypes of patients with painful and painless diabetic neuropathy and to assess demographic, clinical, metabolic, and electrophysiological parameters related to the presence of neuropathic pain in a large cohort of well-defined DSPN subjects.This observational cross-sectional multi-center cohort study (performed as part of the ncRNAPain EU consortium) of 232 subjects with non-painful (n=74) and painful (n=158) DSPN associated with diabetes mellitus of type 1 and 2 (median age 63 years, range 21-87 years; 92 women) comprised detailed history taking, laboratory tests, neurological examination, quantitative sensory testing, nerve conduction studies, and neuropathy severity scores...
August 3, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845556/the-association-between-sleep-quality-low-back-pain-and-disability-a-prospective-study-in-routine-practice
#11
F M Kovacs, J Seco, A Royuela, J N Betegon, S Sánchez-Herráez, M Meli, M E Martínez Rodríguez, M Núñez, L Álvarez-Galovich, J Moyá, C Sánchez, S Luna, P Borrego, J Moix, V Rodríguez-Pérez, J Torres-Unda, N Burgos-Alonso, I Gago-Fernández, Y González-Rubio, V Abraira
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to estimate the association between sleep quality (SQ) and improvements in low back pain (LBP) and disability, among patients treated for LBP in routine practice. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 461 subacute and chronic LBP patients treated in 11 specialized centres, 14 primary care centres and eight physical therapy practices across 12 Spanish regions. LBP, leg pain, disability, catastrophizing, depression and SQ were assessed through validated questionnaires upon recruitment and 3 months later...
August 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840045/hemoperitoneum-secondary-to-spontaneous-rupture-of-a-retroperitoneal-varix
#12
Derrick D Eichele
Hemoperitoneum due to a ruptured retroperitoneal varix is an exceedingly rare condition and a poor prognostic sign with catastrophic and life-threatening complication of portal hypertension. We present a unique case of a 56-year-old female with cirrhosis secondary to primary sclerosing cholangitis who presented with acute abdominal pain and hypovolemic shock prior to a cardiac arrest following a ruptured retroperitoneal varix without prior esophageal varices and a newly identified intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma...
2017: Case Reports in Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835409/towards-a-three-dimensional-framework-of-centrally-regulated-and-goal-directed-exercise-behaviour-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Andreas Venhorst, Dominic Micklewright, Timothy D Noakes
The Central Governor Model (CGM) ignited a paradigm shift from concepts of catastrophic failure towards central regulation of exercise performance. However, the CGM has focused on the central integration of afferent feedback in homeostatic control. Accordingly, it neglected the important role of volitional self-regulatory control and the integration of affective components inherently attached to all physiological cues. Another limitation is the large reliance on the Gestalt phenomenon of perceived exertion...
August 23, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833988/beyond-weakness-characterization-of-pain-sensory-profile-and-conditioned-pain-modulation-in-patients-with-motor-neuron-disease-a-controlled-study
#14
L C G Lopes, R Galhardoni, V Silva, F M H Jorge, L T Yeng, D Callegaro, G Chadi, M J Teixeira, D Ciampi de Andrade
BACKGROUND: Motor neuron diseases (MND) represent a group of disorders that evolve with inexorable muscle weakness and medical management is based on symptom control. However, deeper characterization of non-motor symptoms in these patients have been rarely reported. METHODS: This cross-sectional study aimed to describe non-motor symptoms in MND and their impact on quality of life and functional status, with a focus on pain and sensory changes. Eighty patients (31 females, 55...
August 22, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832217/the-effect-of-priming-with-questionnaire-content-on-grip-strength-in-patients-with-hand-and-upper-extremity-illness
#15
Sezai Özkan, Femke M A P Claessen, Kyle R Eberlin, Sang-Gil P Lee, David C Ring, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: Grip strength is a performance-based measure of upper extremity function that might be influenced by priming (the influence of a response to a stimulus by exposure to another stimulus). This study addressed the influence of questionnaire content on performance measurements such as grip strength between patients who complete the standard Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) compared with patients who complete a positively adjusted PCS. METHODS: Between June 2015 and August 2015, we enrolled 122 patients who presented to 3 hand surgeons at 3 outpatient offices...
September 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828142/acute-anterior-myocardial-infarction-seen-on-conventional-iodine-contrast-ct
#16
Christian Hagdrup, Peter Sommer Ulriksen, Per Lav Madsen
Diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is based on clinical symptoms of chest pain and dyspnea in combination with electrocardiographic changes and a raise in myocardial-specific biomarkers. Imaging is by echocardiography and magnetic resonance. The preferred technique for identification of previous myocardial infarction (MI) is magnetic resonance imaging with late gadolinium technique, but in the acute patient echocardiography is applied. In selected cases, important information can be obtained from other imaging modalities...
September 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820626/the-clinical-implementation-of-pain-neuroscience-education-a-survey-study
#17
Adriaan Louw, Emilio J Puentedura, Kory Zimney, Terry Cox, Debbie Rico
Pain neuroscience education (PNE) has gained considerable attention in research. Three systematic reviews have shown increasing efficacy of PNE decreasing pain, disability, pain catastrophization, movement restrictions, and healthcare utilization. In the development of any new therapeutic approach, it is proposed that there are three stages: development, validation, and implementation. To date, the development and validation of PNE have been well-established. The third stage, implementation, however, lacks when it comes to PNE...
August 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816801/bevacizumab-associated-bowel-microperforation-in-a-patient-with-neuroblastoma
#18
Rachel Glincher, Anita P Price, Michael P LaQuaglia, Brian H Kushner, Shakeel Modak
The antivascular endothelial growth factor antibody, bevacizumab, is effective against several malignancies in adults but unproven in pediatric oncology. In early phase pediatric studies toxicities were similar to those in adults. Bowel perforation in adults is a rare but serious toxicity, but has not been hitherto reported in children. A 5-year-old boy with chemoresistant neuroblastoma treated with bevacizumab plus radioimmunotherapy developed acute abdominal pain. Computed tomography scan showed free abdominal air and pneumatosis coli...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816769/do-psychosocial-factors-predict-muscle-strength-pain-or-physical-performance-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#19
Isabel A C Baert, Mira Meeus, Armaghan Mahmoudian, Frank P Luyten, Jo Nijs, Sabine M P Verschueren
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of psychosocial factors, namely, pain catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, and maladaptive coping strategies, with muscle strength, pain, and physical performance in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA)-related symptoms. METHODS: A total of 109 women (64 with knee OA-related symptoms) with a mean age of 65.4 years (49-81 years) were recruited for this study. Psychosocial factors were quantified by the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia, and Pain Coping Inventory...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815188/painless-aortic-dissection-diagnostic-dilemma-with-fatal-outcomes-what-do-we-learn
#20
Saeeda Fatima, Konika Sharma
Aortic dissection is the most catastrophic clinical condition that involves the aorta. It has a high mortality as well as high rate of misdiagnosis due to frequent unusual presentation. Typically, it presents with acute chest, back, and tearing abdominal pain. However, it can present atypically with minimal or no pain, making diagnosis difficult. Physicians should always suspect acute aortic dissection in patients with certain clinical conditions like difficult-to-control hypertension, giant cell arteritis, bicuspid aortic valve, intracranial aneurysms, simple renal cysts, family history of aortic disease, and Marfan syndrome, especially when a patient presents with ischemic symptoms involving multiple organ without an obvious cause...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
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