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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332753/cognitive-functional-therapy-cft-for-chronic-non-specific-neck-pain
#1
Ney Meziat-Filho, Maicom Lima, Jessica Fernandez, Felipe J J Reis
This case report presents the effect of Cognitive Functional Therapy (CFT) in a patient with chronic non-specific neck pain. The patient believed that pain signified tissue damage, and demonstrated pain catastrophizing, hypervigilance, stress sensitivity, and movement impairment of the neck, during extension and rotation. The CFT intervention integrated a cognitive approach with manual therapy and active exercises to encourage the patient to trust her neck again. One month after the first appointment, the patient had recovered confidence, and the pain and disability had disappeared almost entirely...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329739/association-between-symptoms-of-central-sensitization-and-cognitive-behavioral-factors-in-people-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Eva Huysmans, Kelly Ickmans, Dries Van Dyck, Jo Nijs, Yori Gidron, Nathalie Roussel, Andrea Polli, Maarten Moens, Lisa Goudman, Margot De Kooning
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the relationship between symptoms of central sensitization (CS) and important cognitive behavioral and psychosocial factors in a sample of patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. METHODS: Participants with chronic nonspecific low back pain for at least 3 months were included in the study. They completed several questionnaires and a functional test. Pearson's correlation was used to analyze associations between symptoms of CS and pain behavior, functioning, pain, pain catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, and illness perceptions...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329049/the-traumatized-body-long-term-ptsd-and-its-implications-for-the-orientation-towards-bodily-signals
#3
Noga Tsur, Ruth Defrin, Yael Lahav, Zahava Solomon
Orientation to bodily signals is defined as the way somatic sensations are attended, perceived and interpreted. Research suggests that trauma exposure, particularly the pathological reaction to trauma (i.e., PTSD), is associated with catastrophic and frightful orientation to bodily signals. However, little is known regarding the long-term ramifications of trauma exposure and PTSD for orientation to bodily signals. Less is known regarding which PTSD symptom cluster manifests in the 'somatic route' through which orientation to bodily signals is altered...
January 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326061/neuropathic-pain-in-end-stage-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-differential-associations-with-patient-reported-pain-at-rest-and-pain-on-activity
#4
J D Power, A V Perruccio, R Gandhi, C Veillette, J R Davey, K Syed, N N Mahomed, Y R Rampersaud
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether pain at rest and pain on activity were differentially associated with neuropathic pain scores in individuals with end-stage hip and knee OA. DESIGN: Study participants were 843 patients with hip or knee OA scheduled for total joint arthroplasty. In pre-surgery questionnaires, measures of socio-demographics, health status, medication use, neuropathic pain (painDETECT), pain at rest and pain on activity (WOMAC pain items), depression (HADS) and pain catastrophizing (PCS) were collected...
January 8, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319386/the-effects-of-pain-neuroscience-education-and-exercise-on-pain-muscle-endurance-catastrophizing-and-anxiety-in-adolescents-with-chronic-idiopathic-neck-pain-a-school-based-pilot-randomized-and-controlled-study
#5
Rosa Andias, Maritza Neto, Anabela G Silva
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of pain neuroscience education (PNE) and neck/shoulder exercises with no intervention in adolescents with chronic idiopathic neck pain (CINP). METHODS: Forty-three adolescents with CINP were randomly allocated to receive PNE and shoulder/neck exercises (n = 21) or no intervention (n = 22). Data on pain intensity, neck flexor and extensor muscles endurance, scapular stabilizers endurance, pain catastrophizing, anxiety, and knowledge of pain neurophysiology were collected...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298185/a-multivariate-validity-analysis-of-the-pain-related-cognitive-processes-questionnaire
#6
Melissa A Day, L Charles Ward, Mark P Jensen
BACKGROUND: The Pain-Related Cognitive Processes Questionnaire (PCPQ) provides a multifaceted assessment of different styles of pain-related attentional processing. The present study examined the construct validity of the 4 PCPQ composite scales. METHODS: Exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) was applied to data from two college student samples (N=544) to derive reference variable factors which provided the context for drawing inferences regarding the construct validity of the PCPQ scales...
January 2, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278602/ethnic-differences-identified-by-pain-sensitivity-questionnaire-correlate-with-clinical-pain-responses
#7
Brooke A Bell, Ruth Ruscheweyh, Bernard Joseph Kelley, Timothy J Ness, Thomas R Vetter, Alethia Baldwin Sellers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire, English version (PSQ-E), is predictive of pain-related responses to experimental stimuli. Ethnic differences have been noted in experimental measures of pain sensation using quantitative sensory testing. The present study sought to determine if the PSQ-E also identified similar ethnic differences. METHODS: Fifty-seven subjects who self-identified as African Americans (AAs) and who were scheduled to undergo a low-back interventional procedure completed the PSQ-E and other questionnaires...
December 22, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249415/association-of-pain-catastrophizing-with-static-balance-mobility-or-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-blind-cross-sectional-study
#8
Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez, Fabiano Politti, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether catastrophizing is associated with static balance, mobility, and functional capacity in patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A blind, cross-sectional study was conducted involving 60 volunteers (males and females), ages 40 to 80 years, with a diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis. Patients were recruited from a physical therapy clinic in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. The following measures were used for the evaluations: Pain-Related Self-Statement Scale, Functional Reach Test, Timed Up and Go Test, Lower Extremity Functional Scale, and Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248510/feeling-the-pressure-to-be-perfect-impact-on-pain-related-distress-and-dysfunction-in-youth-with-chronic-pain
#9
Edin T Randall, Kelly R Smith, Corey A Kronman, Caitlin Conroy, Allison M Smith, Laura E Simons
Despite clinical observation of perfectionistic tendencies among youth with chronic pain and their parents as well as established relationships between perfectionism and functional somatic symptoms in adults and youth, no research in the pediatric pain literature has examined perfectionism. This study explored the role of various types of youth and parent perfectionism on youth and parent pain-related distress and behavior and youth pain-related dysfunction. At admission, 239 parent-child pairs from outpatient and day-treatment rehabilitation settings completed several questionnaires assessing perfectionism, pain-related distress, and pain-related dysfunction...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244891/the-effects-of-experimental-temporalis-muscle-pain-on-jaw-muscle-electromyographic-activity-during-jaw-movements-and-relationships-with-some-psychological-variables
#10
Tantry Maulina, Magda Amhamed, Terry Whittle, John Gal, Rahena Akhter, Greg M Murray
AIMS: To determine if the effects of experimental temporalis muscle pain on jaw muscle activity vary with the jaw task performed, jaw displacement magnitude, participant being studied, and with psychological measures. METHODS: Jaw movement was tracked, and electromyographic (EMG) activity was recorded from the masseter and anterior temporalis and digastric muscles in 14 asymptomatic participants during standardized opening/closing jaw movement, free chewing, and standardized chewing tasks...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239772/does-a-program-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-affect-kinesiophobia-in-patients-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial-with-a-6-month-follow-up
#11
Libai Cai, Huanhuan Gao, Huiping Xu, Yanyan Wang, Peihua Lyu, Yanjin Liu
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program on kinesiophobia, knee function, pain and pain catastrophizing in patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: This was a parallel-group, randomized, controlled pilot study in which 100 patients who exhibited kinesiophobia after TKA were randomly assigned to participate in a CBT (experimental group) or standard care (control group) program. Each group included 50 patients...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238095/increased-psychological-distress-among-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-is-associated-with-central-neuropathic-pain-rather-than-the-injury-characteristics
#12
Hila Gruener, Gabi Zeilig, Yocheved Laufer, Nava Blumen, Ruth Defrin
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: Central neuropathic pain (CNP) is common after spinal cord injury (SCI). The psychological impact of CNP is not clear. Previous studies reported depression and pain catastrophizing among patients with SCI and CNP; however, the lack of control groups prevented discerning whether these were attributed to CNP or to the SCI itself. The aim was to examine the psychological distress among individuals with SCI with and without CNP and controls to evaluate its impact and possible source...
December 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237666/spigelian-hernia-and-pitfalls-of-postoperative-anticoagulation
#13
Xiaotong Cheryl Tan, Sunny Nalavenkata, Michael Yunaev
Spigelian hernias are a rare lateral ventral abdominal hernia that carry a high risk of strangulation due to their smaller sizes, and require surgical intervention. In more complex cases involving an anticoagulated patient, perioperative management of anticoagulation must be monitored and reviewed to avoid potential pitfalls. We present an 81-year-old woman who presented with right groin pain, and was requiring warfarin anticoagulation due to her cardiac history. The spigelian hernia was diagnosed and reduced laparoscopically, and the defect was repaired and reinforced by mesh...
December 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222926/depressive-personality-vulnerability-in-chronic-physical-pain-centrality-of-sociotropy
#14
Golan Shahar, Sheera F Lerman, Maayan Topaz, Silviu Brill, Hadar Shalev, Zvia Rudich
BACKGROUND: Chronic physical pain is one of modern medicine's principal challenges. Recently, there has been a keen research interest in the role of Depressive Personality Vulnerability (DPV) in the course of chronic pain. OBJECTIVE: This is the first attempt to examine the role of three leading DPV dimensions - sociotropy, autonomy, and self-criticism - in chronic pain. METHOD: Chronic pain patients (N = 428) were assessed four times as to their pain, disability, anxious-depression, and pain-based catastrophizing...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222851/convergent-validity-of-the-dutch-central-sensitization-inventory-associations-with-psychophysical-pain-measures-quality-of-life-disability-and-pain-cognitions-in-patients-with-chronic-spinal-pain
#15
Jeroen Kregel, Charline Schumacher, Mieke Dolphens, Anneleen Malfliet, Dorien Goubert, Dorine Lenoir, Barbara Cagnie, Mira Meeus, I Coppieters
OBJECTIVE: Symptoms of Central Sensitization (CS) have been described in patients with chronic spinal pain (CSP). Although a gold standard to diagnose CS is lacking, psychophysical pain measures are often used. The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is proposed as an alternative method and indirect tool for evaluation of CS symptomatology. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the convergent validity of the CSI by investigating the association with psychophysical pain measures and self-reported measures of current pain intensity, quality of life, disability, and catastrophizing in CSP patients...
December 8, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215566/multi-family-pediatric-pain-group-therapy-capturing-acceptance-and-cultivating-change
#16
Samantha E Huestis, Grace Kao, Ashley Dunn, Austin T Hilliard, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu, Rashmi P Bhandari
Behavioral health interventions for pediatric chronic pain include cognitive-behavioral (CBT), acceptance and commitment (ACT), and family-based therapies, though literature regarding multi-family therapy (MFT) is sparse. This investigation examined the utility and outcomes of the Courage to Act with Pain: Teens Identifying Values, Acceptance, and Treatment Effects (CAPTIVATE) program, which included all three modalities (CBT, ACT, MFT) for youth with chronic pain and their parents. Program utility, engagement, and satisfaction were evaluated via quantitative and qualitative feedback...
December 7, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214679/the-relationship-between-negative-metacognitive-thoughts-pain-catastrophizing-and-adjustment-to-chronic-pain
#17
M S Ziadni, J A Sturgeon, B D Darnall
BACKGROUND: Cognitive appraisals, most notably pain catastrophizing, play an important role in chronic pain. The role of metacognition and its impact on the relationship between pain catastrophizing and health are understudied. The identification of metacognition as a moderator of psychological constructs may have clinical and empirical implications. We hypothesized that negative metacognitive beliefs would moderate the relationships between pain catastrophizing and emotional functioning and physical activity...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210789/predicting-severity-of-acute-pain-after-cesarean-delivery-a-narrative-review
#18
Brock H Gamez, Ashraf S Habib
Cesarean delivery is one of the most common surgical procedures in the United States, with over 1.3 million performed annually. One-fifth of women who undergo cesarean delivery will experience severe pain in the acute postoperative period, increasing their risk of developing chronic pain and postpartum depression, and negatively impacting breastfeeding and newborn care. A growing body of research has investigated tools to predict which patients will experience more severe pain and have increased analgesic consumption after cesarean delivery...
November 22, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209137/corrigendum-to-incorporating-family-function-into-chronic-pain-disability-the-role-of-catastrophizing
#19
Fatemeh Akbari, Mohsen Dehghani, Ali Khatibi, Tine Vervoort
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/6838596.].
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201359/rationale-for-and-approach-to-preoperative-opioid-weaning-a-preoperative-optimization-protocol
#20
REVIEW
Heath McAnally
The practice of chronic opioid prescription for chronic non-cancer pain has come under considerable scrutiny within the past several years as mounting evidence reveals a generally unfavorable risk to benefit ratio and the nation reels from the grim mortality statistics associated with the opioid epidemic. Patients struggling with chronic pain tend to use opioids and also seek out operative intervention for their complaints, which combination may be leading to increased postoperative "acute-on-chronic" pain and fueling worsened chronic pain and opioid dependence...
2017: Perioperative Medicine
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