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Laíse Diana Dos Santos Brandão, Douglas Boniek, Maria Aparecida de Resende Stoianoff, Flávia Maria Rezende da Mata, Paulo Roberto Medeiros de Azevedo, José Veríssimo Fernandes, Vânia Sousa Andrade
Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is an inflammatory disease of the vulva and vagina caused by different yeasts of the genus Candida which is responsible for infection in pregnant patients who attended Maternidade Escola Januário Cicco, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. From 41 samples, 19 yeasts were identified phenotypically as Candida albicans, and one as C. glabrata which is reported as the non-albicans species most frequently isolated from vulvovaginitis. The susceptibility to selected antifungal agents (fluocytosine, fluconazole, voriconazole, amphotericin B, caspofungin and micafungin) was determined, and the association between patient related signs and symptoms aided the construction of an epidemiological profile...
June 16, 2018: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Luciana Lourenço Gomes Dos Santos da Silva, Cláudia Saunders, Aline Bull Ferreira Campos, Gabriella Pinto Belfort, Patricia de Carvalho Padilha, Rosangela Alves Pereira, Rita Guérios Bornia
Pregnant women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) have a greater chance of developing Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy (HDP) by the effect of insulin resistance in nitric oxide action.This study aims to describe factors associated with the development of HDP in pregnant women with GDM, assisted in a public maternity hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study including 292 pregnant adult women with GDM assisted at Maternidade Escola of the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
Gabriela Mimoso, Guiomar Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes is one of the diseases associated with pregnancy with higher rate of complications. Despite being a transitory condition, short and long term complications related to gestational diabetes have been described. There is scientific evidence to say that good metabolic control decreases perinatal complications. In 2011, new criteria was proposed for its diagnosis, which made possible its diagnosis during the 1st trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study is to compare neonatal morbidity in two groups of women with gestational diabetes diagnosis before and after the latest Portuguese guidelines for diabetes and pregnancy were published (February 2011)...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Fernanda Tamanaha, Rosa Fuksman, Ana Pedraza, Luis Prudent
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal autopsy is a valuable, critical diagnostic method to provide genetic counseling for future pregnancies. POPULATION AND METHODS: Retrospective study including all neonatal autopsies performed on deceased neonates at Clínica y Maternidad Suizo Argentina between January 1998 and December 2006. The rate of autopsies was established; the diagnosis indicated in the medical record was compared to autopsy findings. RESULTS: Out of 227 deceased infants, 135 autopsies were performed (rate: 59...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Vilma Costa de Macêdo, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Paulo Germano de Frias, Luciana Maria Delgado Romaguera, Silvana de Fátima Ferreira Caires, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sociodemographic, behavioral, and health care factors related to the occurrence of syphilis in women treated at public maternity hospitals. METHODS: This is a case-control study (239 cases and 322 controls) with women admitted to seven maternity hospitals in the municipality of Recife, Brazil, from July 2013 to July 2014. Eligible women were recruited after the result of the VDRL (Venereal Disease Research Laboratory) under any titration...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
Diana Marre, Beatriz San Román, Diana Guerra
Spain's plummeting fertility since the late twentieth century may seem to reflect a waning desire for children. Nevertheless, reproductive disappointments resulting from gender inequalities cause many Spanish women to postpone motherhood and experience age-related fertility problems. For them, creating a family often becomes possible only through the reproductive labor of other women. Our analysis of transnational adoption, egg donation, and surrogacy in Spain shows how anonymity and altruism play out in these three strategies, with implications for the valuation of women's reproductive work and relationships among reproductive providers, intermediaries, recipients, and the resulting children...
February 2018: Medical Anthropology
Ranniere Gurgel Furtado DE Aquino, Paulo Henrique Diógenes Vasques, Diane Isabelle Magno Cavalcante, Ayane Layne DE Sousa Oliveira, Bruno Masato Kitagawa DE Oliveira, Luiz Gonzaga Porto Pinheiro
Objective: to analyze the relation of anatomopathological features and axillary involvement in cases of invasive ductal carcinoma. Methods: this is a cross-sectional study of 220 breast cancer patients submitted to radical mastectomy or quadrantectomy with axilar emptying, from the Mastology Service of the Assis Chateaubriand Maternity School, Ceará, Brazil. We submitted the tumors to histological processing and determined the histological (HG), tubular (TG) and nuclear (NG) grades, and the mitotic index (MI) by the classification of Scarff-Bloom-Richadson, verified the presence of angiolymphatic invasion (AI) and measured the largest tumor diameter (TD)...
March 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Elisabeth Meloni Vieira, Aylene Bousquat, Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Maria Cecilia Goi Porto Alves
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to contextualize adolescent pregnancy from milestones associated with the process of transition from youth to adulthood. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 200 adolescents, users of the Brazilian Unified Health System. The sample size for the estimation of proportions has been calculated assuming a population ratio of 0.50 and 95% confidence level. The dependent variables - planned pregnancy, living with a partner, and having left the parents' house - have been considered as markers of transition from dependence to independence, from youth to adulthood...
March 30, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
Maria do Carmo Leal, Sonia Duarte de Azevedo Bittencourt, Raquel Maria Cardoso Torres, Roberta Pereira Niquini, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify the social and demographic determinants, in addition to the determinants of reproductive health and use of health services, associated with infant mortality in small and medium-sized cities of the North, Northeast and Southeast regions of Brazil. METHODS: This is a case-control study with 803 cases of death of children under one year and 1,969 live births (controls), whose mothers lived in the selected cities in 2008. The lists of the names of cases and controls were extracted from the Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade (SIM - Mortality Information System) and the Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos (SINASC - Live Birth Information System) and supplemented by data obtained by the research of "active search of death and birth"...
March 2, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
Betina Soldateli, Alvaro Vigo, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of educational dietary intervention offered in the child's first year of life, as well as teenage mothers and grandmothers in carrying out the dietary recommendations at four to seven years. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial initiated in 2006, in Porto Alegre, RS, involving 323 teenage mothers and grandmothers who cohabited. The intervention consisted of six counseling sessions on breastfeeding and healthy complementary feeding. The first session occurred in the maternity ward and the other ones in the households of mothers at seven, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days of the child's life...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
Isaiane da Silva Carvalho, Rosineide Santana de Brito
OBJECTIVE: Describing the obstetric care provided in public maternity hospitals during normal labour using the Bologna Score in the city of Natal, Northeastern Brazil. METHOD: A quantitative cross-sectional study conducted with 314 puerperal women. Data collection was carried out consecutively during the months of March to July 2014. RESULTS: Prenatal care was provided to 95.9% of the mothers, beginning around the 1st trimester of pregnancy (72...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Marina Parca Cavelagna Teixeira, Tatiana Peloso Reis Queiroga, Maria Dos Anjos Mesquita
Objective: To determine the frequency and risk factors of small-for-gestational-age newborns in a high-risk maternity. Methods: This is an observational, cross-sectional, and case-control study, conducted in a public tertiary care maternity hospital. Data from 998 newborns and their mothers were collected through interviews and review of medical records and prenatal care cards. Some placentas underwent histopathological analysis. The variables of small-for-gestational-age and non-small-for-gestational-age newborns and of their mothers were statistically compared by means of Student's t test, Fisher's exact test, and odds ratio...
July 2016: Einstein
Juliane Dias Aldrighi, Marilene Loewen Wall, Silvana Regina Rossi Kissula Souza, Franciane Zabloski Vieira Cancela
OBJECTIVE: To identify in the literature how the experiences of women age 35 or above are described in terms of pregnancy. METHOD: Integrative review based on MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS, and SciELO databases, with no time period constraint. RESULTS: Eighteen studies that dealt with the experiences of pregnant women at an advanced maternal age were selected and analyzed. The studies evidenced four theme categories: the search for information, which pointed to a deficit of information supplied by health care professionals; perceiving the risks, which pointed to women's concerns about their own health and their children's; the ideal moment for motherhood, with different reasons for postponing it; and adjusting to a new routine, showing a concern regarding changes in daily life...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Elieni Paula Dos Santos, Rosângela Aparecida Pimenta Ferrari, Maria Rita Bertolozzi, Alexandrina Aparecida Maciel Cardelli, Christine Bacarat de Godoy, Flávia Françoso Genovesi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze infant death after discharge from maternity in the time period between 2000 and 2013. METHOD: A cross-sectional retrospective quantitative study in a municipality northward in the state of Paraná. Data were analyzed using the SPSS®, and were subjected to Chi-square test, logistical regression, 95% confidence interval, and a significance level of p <0.05. RESULTS: Two hundred forty-nine children were born, discharged from maternity and subsequently died; 10...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Reginaldo Roque Mafetoni, Antonieta Keiko Kakuda Shimo
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the effects of acupressure on the sanyinjiao point for pregnant women in labor at public maternity wards. METHOD: single-blind controlled clinical trial, randomly done employing a pragmatic profile. We selected 156 pregnant women in their ≥ 37 week/s, who had cervical dilations of ≥ 4 cm and with two or more contractions in 10 minutes. The pregnant women were randomly divided into three groups at a university hospital in the suburbs of Sao Paulo, Brazil, in order to receive either acupressure treatment, a placebo or participate as part of a control group...
August 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Carlos Grandi, Angélica Veiga, Nancy Mazzitelli, Ricardo de Carvalho Cavalli, Viviane Cardoso
Introduction The placenta, translates how the fetus experiences the maternal environment and is a principal influence on birth weight (BW). Objective To explore the relationship between placental growth measures (PGMs) and BW in a public maternity hospital. Methods Observational retrospective study of 870 singleton live born infants at Hospital Maternidad Sardá, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, between January 2011 and August 2012 with complete data of PGMs. Details of history, clinical and obstetrical maternal data, labor and delivery and neonatal outcome data, including placental measures derived from the records, were evaluated...
August 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Renan Rocha Soares, Izildinha Maestá, José Colón, Antonio Braga, Aleydah Salazar, Rafael Cortés Charry, Sue Yazaki Sun, Donald P Goldstein, Ross S Berkowitz
OBJECTIVES: To compare complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) clinical presentation and risk factors associated with GTN development between North American and South American adolescents. METHODS: This non-concurrent cohort study was undertaken including adolescents with CHM referred to centers in North America (New England Trophoblastic Disease Center, Harvard University, USA), and South America (Botucatu Trophoblastic Disease Center-São Paulo State University, Brazil; Trophoblastic Unit of Central University of Venezuela and Maternidad Concepcion Palacios of Caracas, Venezuela) between 1990 and 2012...
September 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Olivia Lúcia Nunes Costa, Eliane Menezes Flores Santos, Viviane Silva de Jesus, Eduardo Martins Netto
PURPOSE: To estimate the future pregnancy success rate in women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including 103 women seen at a clinic for recurrent pregnancy loss (loss group) between January 2006 and December 2010 and a control group including 204 pregnant women seen at a low-risk prenatal care unit between May 2007 and April 2008. Both groups were seen in the university teaching hospital the Maternidade Climério de Oliveira, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil...
December 2015: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Olivia Lúcia Nunes Costa, Eliane Menezes Flores Santos, Viviane Silva de Jesus, Eduardo Martins Netto
PURPOSETo estimate the future pregnancy success rate in women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss.METHODSA retrospective cohort study including 103 women seen at a clinic for recurrent pregnancy loss (loss group) between January 2006 and December 2010 and a control group including 204 pregnant women seen at a low-risk prenatal care unit between May 2007 and April 2008. Both groups were seen in the university teaching hospital the Maternidade Climério de Oliveira, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Reproductive success rate was defined as an alive-birth, independent of gestational age at birth and survival after the neonatal period...
November 3, 2015: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Ana Catarina Massa, Ricardo Rangel, Manuela Cardoso, Ana Campos
INTRODUCTION: In 2011, a new screening test for gestational diabetes was introduced which allowed an earlier and larger diagnosis with the goal of reducing maternal and perinatal complications. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of gestational diabetes, compare maternal and perinatal outcomes with the previous and present screening tests and analyze postpartum screening results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of women with singletons and gestational diabetes diagnosed during 2009 (n = 223) and 2012 (n = 237), at Maternidade Dr...
January 2015: Acta Médica Portuguesa
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