keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Heart transplant review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631410/coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-to-treat-coronary-arterial-occlusion-incurred-during-orthotopic-heart-transplantation
#1
Keshava Rajagopal, Indranee Rajapreyar, Biswajit Kar, Pranav Loyalka, Igor D Gregoric
We report a case of left circumflex coronary artery occlusion sustained during orthotopic heart transplantation. Emergent coronary artery bypass grafting was performed, with recovery of cardiac function. The etiology and management of this complication are reviewed.
June 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626459/the-immunogenicity-and-immune-tolerance-of-pluripotent-stem-cell-derivatives
#2
REVIEW
Xin Liu, Wenjuan Li, Xuemei Fu, Yang Xu
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can undergo unlimited self-renewal and differentiate into all cell types in human body, and therefore hold great potential for cell therapy of currently incurable diseases including neural degenerative diseases, heart failure, and macular degeneration. This potential is further underscored by the promising safety and efficacy data from the ongoing clinical trials of hESC-based therapy of macular degeneration. However, one main challenge for the clinical application of hESC-based therapy is the allogeneic immune rejection of hESC-derived cells by the recipient...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622179/paucicellular-fibrointimal-proliferation-characterizes-pediatric-pulmonary-vein-stenosis-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-213-samples-from-97-patients
#3
Alexandra E Kovach, Philip M Magcalas, Christina Ireland, Kerry McEnany, Andre M Oliveira, Mark W Kieran, Christopher W Baird, Kathy Jenkins, Sara O Vargas
Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a luminal narrowing of extrapulmonary pulmonary veins. In pediatric patients, it arises following repair of congenital heart disease, particularly anomalous pulmonary venous return; in lung disease, especially prematurity; and rarely in isolation. The etiology is unknown and the course often fatal without lung transplantation. We hypothesized that systematic clinicopathologic review of pediatric PVS could provide further pathogenic insight. We included patients who underwent first resection of pulmonary venous tissue for symptomatic PVS at our pediatric referral center from 1995 to 2014...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610439/congenitally-corrected-transposition-complex-anatomic-repair-or-fontan-pathway
#4
Supreet P Marathe, Matthew I Jones, Julian Ayer, Jessica Sun, Yishay Orr, Charlotte Verrall, Ian A Nicholson, Richard B Chard, Gary F Sholler, David S Winlaw
Background Successful anatomic repair of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries achieves excellent outcomes. Several centers report excellent long-term survival with the Fontan pathway as well. We have selectively applied both approaches depending on individual patient morphology, with anatomic repair preferred but utilizing the Fontan pathway when high technical complexity or operative risk is anticipated. Methods Hospital records over an 18-year period (1998-2016) were reviewed to identify patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries who underwent surgical management...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606879/can-immunosuppression-be-stopped-after-liver-transplantation
#5
REVIEW
Pierre-Alain Clavien, Xavier Muller, Michelle L de Oliveira, Philipp Dutkowski, Alberto Sanchez-Fueyo
Liver transplantation has improved dramatically over the past three decades, mainly as a result of advances in surgical techniques and management of post-transplant complications. The focus has now turned towards rescuing additional organs in the face of scarce organ supply, or prevention of long-term toxicity associated with immunosuppression. The liver appears to be privileged in terms of immune tolerance, with a low incidence of antibody-mediated rejection, which is in sharp contrast to other solid organ transplants, such as kidney, lung, and heart transplants...
July 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603177/recent-progress-using-pluripotent-stem-cells-for-cardiac-regenerative-therapy
#6
Hajime Ichimura, Yuji Shiba
Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) have gained interest for cell-based regenerative therapies because of their capacity to differentiate into most somatic cell types, including cardiomyocytes. Remarkable progress in the generation of PSC-derived cardiomyocytes has been made in this decade, and recent preclinical transplantation studies using various animal models have provided proof-of-principle for their use in heart regeneration. However, several obstacles preclude their effective and safe clinical application for cardiac repair, including the need for approaches that prevent tumorigenesis, arrhythmogenesis, and immune rejection...
June 10, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602846/granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-for-the-treatment-of-cardiovascular-diseases-an-update-with-a-critical-appraisal
#7
REVIEW
Domenico D'Amario, Antonio Maria Leone, Josip Anđelo Borovac, Francesco Cannata, Andrea Siracusano, Giampaolo Niccoli, Filippo Crea
Heart failure and acute myocardial infarction are conditions that are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Significant dysfunction of the heart muscle can occur as the consequence of end-stage chronic cardiovascular diseases or acute ischemic events that are marked by large infarction area and significant tissue necrosis. Despite the remarkable improvement of conventional treatments, a substantial proportion of patients still develops severe heart failure that can only be resolved by heart transplantation or mechanical device implantation...
June 7, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602210/renal-allograft-outcome-after-simultaneous-heart-and-kidney-transplantation
#8
Avishay Grupper, Ayelet Grupper, Richard C Daly, Naveen L Pereira, Matthew A Hathcock, Walter K Kremers, Fernando G Cosio, Brooks S Edwards, Sudhir S Kushwaha
Chronic kidney disease frequently accompanies end-stage heart failure and may result in consideration of simultaneous heart and kidney transplantation (SHKT). In recent years, there has been a significant increase in SHKT. This single-center cohort consisted of 35 patients who underwent SHKT during 1996 to 2015. The aim of this study was to review factors that may predict better long-term outcome after SKHT. Thirteen patients (37%) had delayed graft function (DGF) after transplant (defined as the need for dialysis during the first 7 days after transplant), which was significantly associated with mechanical circulatory support device therapy and high right ventricular systolic pressure before transplant...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598888/long-term-diabetes-complications-after-pancreas-transplantation
#9
Trond Jenssen, Anders Hartmann, Kåre I Birkeland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The intention of this study is to summarize present knowledge about adverse effects of hyperglycemia in diabetes, and in this context review more recent data concerning the effects of pancreas transplantation on a wide range of diabetic complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Effective blood glucose control by insulin delays progression of microvascular complications and probably improves survival in type 1 diabetes. A successful pancreas transplantation combined with a kidney graft has recently been found to prevent diabetic kidney lesions, and registry data support improved long-term patient survival...
June 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583372/dose-dependent-association-between-amiodarone-and-severe-primary-graft-dysfunction-in-orthotopic-heart-transplantation
#10
Matthew Wright, Koji Takeda, Christine Mauro, Douglas Jennings, Paul Kurlansky, Jiho Han, Lauren Truby, Samantha Stein, Veli Topkara, Arthur R Garan, Melana Yuzefpolskaya, Paolo Colombo, Yoshifumi Naka, Maryjane Farr, Hiroo Takayama
BACKGROUND: There is growing concern regarding the association between pre-transplant amiodarone exposure and post-transplant adverse outcomes. We hypothesized that amiodarone use would be associated with the development of severe primary graft dysfunction (PGD) in a dose-dependent manner. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 269 adult orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) recipients at our institution between 2010 and 2014. At the time of OHT, 100 were receiving amiodarone therapy (Group 1) and 169 were not (Group 2)...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580208/heart-transplantation-in-patients-with-dystrophinopathic-cardiomyopathy-review-of-the-literature-and-personal-series
#11
REVIEW
Andrea Antonio Papa, Paola D'Ambrosio, Roberta Petillo, Alberto Palladino, Luisa Politano
Cardiomyopathy associated with dystrophinopathies [Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD), X-linked dilated cardiomyopathy (XL-dCM) and cardiomyopathy of Duchenne/Becker (DMD/BMD) carriers] is an increasing recognized manifestation of these neuromuscular disorders and notably contributes to their morbidity and mortality. Dystrophinopathic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is the result of the dystrophin protein deficiency at the myocardium level, parallel to the deficiency occurring at the skeletal muscle level...
May 2017: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579248/echocardiography-derived-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-gradient-and-left-ventricular-posterior-wall-thickening-are-associated-with-outcomes-for-anatomic-repair-in-congenitally-corrected-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#12
Shreya Moodley, Sowmya Balasubramanian, Theresa A Tacy, Frandics Chan, Frank L Hanley, Rajesh Punn
BACKGROUND: Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare form of congenital heart disease. Management is controversial; options include observation, physiologic repair, and anatomic repair. Assessment of morphologic left ventricle preparedness is key in timing anatomic repair. This study's purpose was to review the modalities used to assess the morphologic left ventricle preoperatively and to determine if any echocardiographic variables are associated with outcomes...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576519/pediatric-post-tonsillectomy-hemorrhage-in-the-setting-of-post-transplantation-immunosuppression
#13
Lourdes Quintanilla-Dieck, Sivakumar Chinnadurai, Christopher Wootten, Steven L Goudy, Frank W Virgin
INTRODUCTION: Long-term immunosuppressants form an integral part of therapy for post-transplantation patients. Immunosuppressants may also have an anticoagulant effect, and little is known about their effects on bleeding risk after adenotonsillectomy. Our objective was to investigate whether there is an increased observed rate of post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage in a population of pediatric patients on long-term immunosuppressants after solid organ transplantation, compared to healthy controls...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571618/repetitive-use-of-levosimendan-in-advanced-heart-failure-need-for-stronger-evidence-in-a-field-in-dire-need-of-a-useful-therapy
#14
Gerhard Pölzl, Johann Altenberger, Loant Baholli, Paola Beltrán, Attila Borbély, Josep Comin-Colet, Juan F Delgado, Francesco Fedele, Antonella Fontana, Friedrich Fruhwald, Gregory Giamouzis, George Giannakoulas, Martín J Garcia-González, Finn Gustafsson, Kari Kaikkonen, Matti Kivikko, Jacek Kubica, Dirk von Lewinski, Ida Löfman, Gabriella Malfatto, Nicolás Manito, Martin Martínez-Sellés, Josep Masip, Bela Merkely, Fabrizio Morandi, Henning Mølgaard, Fabrizio Oliva, Emil Pantev, Zoltán Papp, Gian Piero Perna, Roman Pfister, Vito Piazza, Ramón Bover, Diego Rangel-Sousa, Alejandro Recio-Mayoral, Alexander Reinecke, Andreas Rieth, Toni Sarapohja, Gunter Schmidt, Mirko Seidel, Stefan Störk, Bojan Vrtovec, Gerhard Wikström, Patrik Yerly, Piero Pollesello
Patients in the latest stages of heart failure are severely compromised, with poor quality of life and frequent hospitalizations. Heart transplantation and left ventricular assist device implantation are viable options only for a minority, and intermittent or continuous infusions of positive inotropes may be needed as a bridge therapy or as a symptomatic approach. In these settings, levosimendan has potential advantages over conventional inotropes (catecholamines and phosphodiesterase inhibitors), such as sustained effects after initial infusion, synergy with beta-blockers, and no increase in oxygen consumption...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553631/left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-pediatric-hypertension-a-mini-review
#15
REVIEW
Robert P Woroniecki, Andrew Kahnauth, Laurie E Panesar, Katarina Supe-Markovina
Adults with arterial hypertension (HTN) have stroke, myocardial infarction, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), or die at higher rates than those without. In children, HTN leads to target organ damage, which includes kidney, brain, eye, blood vessels, and heart, which precedes "hard outcomes" observed in adults. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) or an anatomic and pathologic increase in left ventricular mass (LVM) in response to the HTN is a pediatric surrogate marker for HTN-induced morbidity and mortality in adults...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551379/review-of-1-000-consecutive-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-runs-as-a-quality-initiative
#16
Harold N Lovvorn, Daphne C Hardison, Heidi Chen, Ashly C Westrick, Melissa E Danko, Brian C Bridges, William F Walsh, John B Pietsch
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a resource-intensive mode of life-support potentially applicable when conventional therapies fail. Given the initial success of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to support neonates and infants in the 1980s, indications have expanded to include adolescents, adults, and selected moribund patients during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This single-institution analysis was conducted to evaluate programmatic growth, outcomes, and risk for death despite extracorporeal membrane oxygenation across all ages and diseases...
May 24, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546755/pediatric-ventricular-assist-devices-current-challenges-and-future-prospects
#17
REVIEW
Sarah Burki, Iki Adachi
The field of mechanical circulatory support has made great strides in the preceding 2 decades. Although pediatric mechanical circulatory support has lagged behind that of adults, the gap between them is expected to close soon. The only device currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in children is the Berlin Heart EXCOR ventricular assist device (VAD). The prospective Berlin Heart Investigational Device Exemption Trial demonstrated good outcomes, such as bridge to transplantation or recovery, in ~90% of children supported with this device...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540143/association-between-coronary-artery-disease-and-microrna-literature-review-and-clinical-perspective
#18
Rehan Malik, Raja S Mushtaque, Usman A Siddiqui, Adnan Younus, Muhammad A Aziz, Choudhry Humayun, Kanaan Mansoor, Muhammad A Latif, Salman Waheed, Salman Assad, Idrees Khan, Syed M Bukhari, Daniel DelCampo, Ali Adus, Swetha Gannarapu
BACKGROUND: Until recently, circulating micro-RNAs (miRNAs) have attracted major interest as novel biomarkers for the early diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). This review article summarizes the available evidence on the correlation of micro-RNAs with both the clinical and subclinical coronary artery disease and highlights the necessity for exploring miRNAs as a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of early CAD in an adult population. METHODS: A systematic literature analysis and retrieval online systems Public/Publisher MEDLINE/ Excerpta Medica Database /Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online,(PUBMED/EMBASE/MEDLINE) search were conducted for relevant information...
April 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538243/bk-virus-as-a-mediator-of-graft-dysfunction-following-kidney-transplantation
#19
Stephanie G Yi, Richard J Knight, Keri E Lunsford
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: BK virus is a significant risk factor for kidney allograft dysfunction and loss among renal transplant recipients. Currently, there is no proven effective treatment except for the reduction of immunosuppression. In this review, we discuss diagnostic challenges and current treatment options for BK in kidney transplant recipients. RECENT FINDINGS: Antiviral and antibiotic therapies have been employed for BK viraemia with variable efficacy. In addition, novel therapeutic regimens such as adoptive transfer of targeted T cells have been described as possible treatment options for recipients with BK nephropathy...
May 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538050/molecular-imaging-of-acute-cardiac-transplant-rejection-animal-experiments-and-prospects
#20
Yihan Chen, Li Zhang, Jinfeng Liu, Pingyu Zhang, Xiaoyuan Chen, Mingxing Xie
Acute rejection (AR) remains the biggest challenge during the 1st year after heart transplantation despite advances in immunosuppressive therapy. The early detection and curbing of AR are crucial to the survival of transplant recipients. However, as the gold standard for AR, endomyocardial biopsy has several limitations because of its inherent invasiveness and morbidity. Traditional imaging techniques such as echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging are of certain value for AR, but their diagnostic criteria and accuracy remain in question...
May 19, 2017: Transplantation
keyword
keyword
96223
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"