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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072923/language-the-diabetes-restricted-code-dialect-and-what-it-means-for-people-with-diabetes-and-clinicians
#1
Trisha Dunning, Jane Speight, Craig Bennett
Purpose The purpose of the paper is to explore the notion of a diabetes language restricted code or "dialect" and its effect on people with diabetes. Language is a complex phenomenon comprising verbal and nonverbal components used to communicate in human interactions. Methods Information was collected from a literature review, during clinical consultations, and from an email survey. Results Language and the way clinicians use language affect motivation, behaviors, and outcomes of people with diabetes. Language is influenced by culture, experience, and familiarity with words and their use and is idiosyncratic...
January 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055022/laboratory-diagnosis-of-creatine-deficiency-syndromes-a-technical-standard-and-guideline-of-the-american-college-of-medical-genetics-and-genomics
#2
J Daniel Sharer, Olaf Bodamer, Nicola Longo, Silvia Tortorelli, Mirjam M C Wamelink, Sarah Young
Disclaimer: These ACMG Standards and Guidelines are intended as an educational resource for clinical laboratory geneticists to help them provide quality clinical laboratory genetic services. Adherence to these standards and guidelines is voluntary and does not necessarily assure a successful medical outcome. These Standards and Guidelines should not be considered inclusive of all proper procedures and tests or exclusive of others that are reasonably directed to obtaining the same results. In determining the propriety of any specific procedure or test, clinical laboratory geneticists should apply their professional judgment to the specific circumstances presented by the patient or specimen...
January 5, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055021/laboratory-and-clinical-genomic-data-sharing-is-crucial-to-improving-genetic-health-care-a-position-statement-of-the-american-college-of-medical-genetics-and-genomics
#3
Acmg Board Of Directors
Disclaimer: These recommendations are designed primarily as an educational resource for medical geneticists and other health-care providers, to help them provide quality medical genetic services. Adherence to these recommendations does not necessarily assure a successful medical outcome. These recommendations should not be considered inclusive of all proper procedures and tests or exclusive of other procedures and tests that are reasonably directed to obtaining the same results. In determining the propriety of any specific procedure or test, the geneticist should apply his or her own professional judgment to the specific clinical circumstances presented by the individual patient or specimen...
January 5, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029374/selection-bias-examining-the-feasibility-utility-and-participant-receptivity-to-incorporating-simulation-into-the-general-surgery-residency-selection-process
#4
Aimee K Gardner, Christopher P Steffes, Dmitry Nepomnayshy, Cate Nicholas, Warren D Widmann, Shimae C Fitzgibbons, Brian J Dunkin, Daniel B Jones, John T Paige
BACKGROUND: Opportunities exist to revise the current residency selection process to capture desirable candidate competencies. We examined the extent to which components of the American College of Surgeons/Association for Surgical Education simulation-based medical student curriculum combined with a teamwork activity could be used as potential screening method. METHODS: Students participated in a workshop consisting of training/evaluation of knot tying, suturing, airway management, gowning/gloving, and teamwork...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027013/overuse-of-diagnostic-imaging-for-work-related-injuries
#5
Brianna Rebecca Clendenin, Helen Acree Conlon, Candace Burns
Overuse of health care in the United States is a growing concern. This article addresses the use of diagnostic imaging for work-related injuries. Diagnostic imaging drives substantial cost for increases in workers' compensation. Despite guidelines published by the American College of Radiology and the American College of Occupational Medicine and the Official Disability Guidelines, practitioners are prematurely ordering imaging sooner than recommended. Workers are exposed to unnecessary radiation and are incurring increasing costs without evidence of better outcomes...
December 1, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024438/to-participate-or-not-participate-in-unprofessional-behavior-is-that-the-question
#6
Renato Soleiman Franco, Camila Ament Giuliani Dos Santos Franco, Solena Ziemer Kusma, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Medical education provides students with abundant learning opportunities, each of which is embodied with messages concerning what is expected from students. This paper analyses students? exposure to instances of unprofessional behavior, investigating whether they judge such behavior to be unprofessional and whether they also participate in unprofessional behavior. METHODS: The survey developed in the Pritzker School of Medicine at the University of Chicago was the basis of this questionnaire that was answered by 276 students from two medical schools in Brazil and Portugal...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010855/using-our-professional-judgment-to-make-a%C3%A2-powerful%C3%A2-impact
#7
EDITORIAL
Lucille Beseler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002491/perceived-case-management-needs-and-service-preferences-of-frequent-emergency-department-users-lessons-learned-in-a-large-urban-centre
#8
Deborah Kahan, Daniel Poremski, Deborah Wise-Harris, Daniel Pauly, Molyn Leszcz, Donald Wasylenki, Vicky Stergiopoulos
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the service needs and preferences of frequent emergency department users with mental health and addictions concerns who participated in a brief intensive case management intervention. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured individual interviews with 20 frequent emergency department users with mental health and addictions challenges, 13 service providers involved in the delivery of a brief case management intervention, and a focus group with intervention case managers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999255/accelerometry-based-activity-recognition-and-assessment-in-rheumatic-and-musculoskeletal-diseases
#9
Lieven Billiet, Thijs Willem Swinnen, Rene Westhovens, Kurt de Vlam, Sabine Van Huffel
One of the important aspects to be considered in rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases is the patient's activity capacity (or performance), defined as the ability to perform a task. Currently, it is assessed by physicians or health professionals mainly by means of a patient-reported questionnaire, sometimes combined with the therapist's judgment on performance-based tasks. This work introduces an approach to assess the activity capacity at home in a more objective, yet interpretable way. It offers a pilot study on 28 patients suffering from axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) to demonstrate its efficacy...
December 16, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934569/two-concepts-of-conscience-and-their-implications-for-conscience-based-refusal-in-healthcare
#10
Steve Clarke
Healthcare professionals are not currently obliged to justify conscientious objections. As a consequence, there are currently no practical limits on the scope of conscience-based refusals in healthcare. Recently, a number of bioethicists, including Christopher Meyers, Robert D. Woods, Robert Card, Lori Kantymir, and Carolyn McLeod, have raised concerns about this situation and have offered proposals to place principled limits on the scope of conscience-based refusals in healthcare. Here, I seek to adjudicate among their proposals...
January 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934567/tolerance-professional-judgment-and-the-discretionary-space-of-the-physician
#11
Daniel P Sulmasy
Arguments against physicians' claims of a right to refuse to provide tests or treatments to patients based on conscientious objection often depend on two premises that are rarely made explicit. The first is that the protection of religious liberty (broadly construed) should be limited to freedom of worship, assembly, and belief. The second is that because professions are licensed by the state, any citizen who practices a licensed profession is required to provide all the goods and services determined by the profession to fall within the scope of practice of that professional specialty and permitted by the state, regardless of any personal religious, philosophical, or moral objection...
January 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934565/conscientious-objection-and-effective-referral
#12
Roger Trigg
Complicity in an immoral, and even criminal, activity, such as robbery or murder, is itself regarded as involving responsibility for those acts. What should the position be of health professionals who are expected to participate in actions that they believe are morally wrong? Professional responsibilities may clash with private conscience. Even referring a patient to someone else, when what is in question may be assisted suicide, or euthanasia, seems to involve some complicity. This is a live issue in Canada, but similar dilemmas occur elsewhere...
January 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928236/perception-of-laypeople-and-dental-professionals-of-smile-esthetics
#13
Aida Saffarpour, Maryam Ghavam, Anna Saffarpour, Rozita Dayani, Mohammad Javad Kharazi Fard
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess and compare the perception of laypersons and dental professionals of smile esthetics based on two factors namely gingival display and alignment of teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 32 females were randomly selected among dental students in the International Campus of School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (Tehran, Iran) with no previous history of esthetic dental work. Frontal photographs were obtained and cropped from the subnasal to menton areas of subjects to standardize the size of pictures...
March 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925501/a-case-of-musical-anhedonia-due-to-right-putaminal-hemorrhage-a-disconnection-syndrome-between-the-auditory-cortex-and-insula
#14
Masayuki Satoh, Natsuko Kato, Ken-Ichi Tabei, Chizuru Nakano, Makiko Abe, Risa Fujita, Hirotaka Kida, Hidekazu Tomimoto, Kiyohiko Kondo
A 63-year-old, right-handed professional chorus conductor developed right putaminal hemorrhage, and became unable to experience emotion while listening to music. Two years later, neurological examination revealed slight left hemiparesis. Neuromusicological assessments revealed impaired judgment of "musical sense," and the inability to discriminate the sound of chords in pure intervals from those in equal temperament. Brain MRI and tractography identified the old hemorrhagic lesion in the right putamen and impaired fiber connectivity between the right insula and superior temporal lobe...
December 2016: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925123/-conflict-of-interest-in-the-training-and-practices-of-nutritionists-regulation-is-necessary
#15
Tatiane Nunes Pereira, Fabiana Alves do Nascimento, Daniel Henrique Bandoni
Transnational "Big Food" companies use advertising strategies to influence nutritionists, professors and students of nutrition. There are, however, conflicts of interest in this relationship. The scope of this study is to conduct a narrative review on the influence of the food industry in training in nutrition. It was revealed that industries seek to induce the recommendation, the prescription and the consumption of products by students and nutritionists through strategies such as sponsorship of scientific meetings, travel funding and the distribution of promotional gifts...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923641/expanded-pharmacy-technician-roles-accepting-verbal-prescriptions-and-communicating-prescription-transfers
#16
Timothy P Frost, Alex J Adams
As the role of the clinical pharmacist continues to develop and advance, it is critical to ensure pharmacists can operate in a practice environment and workflow that supports the full deployment of their clinical skills. When pharmacy technician roles are optimized, patient safety can be enhanced and pharmacists may dedicate more time to advanced clinical services. Currently, 17 states allow technicians to accept verbal prescriptions called in by a prescriber or prescriber's agent, or transfer a prescription order from one pharmacy to another...
November 29, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919244/surgical-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-children-a-mixed-method-study-on-healthcare-professionals-attitudes
#17
Angela Giusti, Stefania Spila Alegiani, Marta Luisa Ciofi Degli Atti, Sofia Colaceci, Roberto Raschetti, Pasquale Arace, Raffaele Spiazzi, Massimiliano Raponi
BACKGROUND: Qualitative and quantitative research investigating determinants of adherence to clinical guidelines (GLs) on surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) are scarce. We conducted a mixed-method study aimed at investigating barriers and at describing attitudes of healthcare professionals (HCPs) regarding SAP in three Italian children's hospitals. METHODS: The study comprised two sequential phases: 1) collection of qualitative data through focus groups; 2) conduction of a survey on HCPs attitudes towards SAP...
December 5, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913987/a-moral-normative-framework-for-the-judgment-of-actions-and-decisions-in-the-construction-industry-and-engineering-part-ii
#18
Omar J Alkhatib
The construction industry is typically characterized as a fragmented, multi-organizational setting in which members from different technical backgrounds and moral values join together to develop a particular business or project. The most challenging obstacle in the construction process is to achieve a successful practice and to identify and apply an ethical framework to manage the behavior of involved specialists and contractors and to ensure the quality of all completed construction activities. The framework should reflect a common moral ground for myriad people involved in this process to survive and compete ethically in today's turbulent construction market...
December 2, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911096/evaluating-health-advice-in-a-web-2-0-environment-the-impact-of-multiple-user-generated-factors-on-hiv-advice-perceptions
#19
Joseph B Walther, Jeong-Woo Jang, Ashley A Hanna Edwards
Unlike traditional media, social media systems often present information of different types from different kinds of contributors within a single message pane, a juxtaposition of potential influences that challenges traditional health communication processing. One type of social media system, question-and-answer advice systems, provides peers' answers to health-related questions, which yet other peers read and rate. Responses may appear good or bad, responders may claim expertise, and others' aggregated evaluations of an answer's usefulness may affect readers' judgments...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905654/-conflict-of-interest-disclosure-as-a-tool-to-improve-the-reliability-of-research
#20
Mauricio Soto Subiabre
Conflicts of interest are situations in which professional judgment concerning a primary interest, tends to be influenced by a secondary interest. These conflicts could compromise the reliability of biomedical research and result in the dissemination of biased results. Therefore, it is essential to protect the integrity of them, because this information could be used in the development of health policy, medical education and clinical decision making. Conflicts of interest disclosure, is a bioethical tool that contributes to transparent these conflicts, but it is used inappropriately and insufficiently...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
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