keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

professional judgment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027632/let-us-talk-about-eggs-professional-resistance-to-elective-egg-vitrification-and-gendered-medical-paternalism
#1
Judit Sándor, Lilla Vicsek, Zsófia Bauer
In this paper, by applying a feminist bioethical perspective, we identify a new form of medical paternalism that still shapes contemporary legal policies on human egg cryopreservation performed without medical reasons. The fear of negligent, careless women who opt to delay their pregnancy for mere convenience is a widely known gender biased stereotype. Nevertheless, the opinions and judgments of medical professionals on this issue have not yet been sufficiently explored by in-depth research. In this essay, therefore, first we look at the broader bioethical, legal, and social aspects of human egg cryopreservation...
October 13, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027618/moral-injury-contextualized-care
#2
Keith G Meador, Jason A Nieuwsma
Amidst the return of military personnel from post-9/11 conflicts, a construct describing the readjustment challenges of some has received increasing attention: moral injury. This term has been variably defined with mental health professionals more recently conceiving of it as a transgression of moral beliefs and expectations that are witnessed, perpetrated, or allowed by the individual. To the extent that morality is a system of conceptualizing right and wrong, individuals' moral systems are in large measure developmentally and socially derived and interpreted...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024609/the-goldwater-rule-perspectives-from-and-implications-for-psychological-science
#3
Scott O Lilienfeld, Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam
When, if ever, should psychological scientists be permitted to offer professional opinions concerning the mental health of public figures they have never directly examined? This contentious question, which attracted widespread public attention during the 1964 U.S. presidential election involving Barry Goldwater, received renewed scrutiny during and after the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign, when many mental health professionals raised pointed questions concerning the psychiatric status of Donald Trump. Although the Goldwater Rule prohibits psychiatrists from offering diagnostic opinions on individuals they have never examined, no comparable rule exists for psychologists...
October 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022738/an-exploration-of-the-symmetry-between-crime-causing-and-crime-reducing-factors-implications-for-delivery-of-offender-services
#4
Daryl G Kroner, Devon L L Polaschek, Ralph C Serin, Jennifer L Skeem
Both the Risk-Needs-Responsivity (RNR) and Structured Professional Judgment (SPJ) risk assessment approaches assume that a strong relationship exists between crime-causing and crime reducing factors. Using a probation sample, the present article examines whether crime-causing and crime-reducing factors correspond. Probationers completed questionnaires where they were asked what factors were crime-causing and what factors were crime-reducing. Overall, the relationship between the crime-causing and crime-reducing factors was very weak-even after ruling out potential measurement and methodological artifacts (i...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991842/medical-school-factors-that-prepare-students-to-become-leaders-in-medicine
#5
Louise Arnold, Paul G Cuddy, Susan B Hathaway, Jennifer L Quaintance, Steven L Kanter
PURPOSE: To identify medical school factors graduates in major leadership positions perceive as contributing to their leadership development. METHOD: Using a phenomenological, qualitative approach, in August-November 2015 the authors conducted semistructured interviews with 48 medical leaders who were 1976-1999 baccalaureate-MD graduates of the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine (UMKC). At UMKC, they participated in longitudinal learning communities, the centerpiece for learning professional values and behaviors plus clinical skills, knowledge, and judgment, but received no formal leadership instruction...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981497/slavery-in-new-zealand-what-is-the-role-of-the-health-sector
#6
Paula King, Alison Blaiklock, Christina Stringer, Jay Amaranathan, Margot McLean
Contemporary forms of slavery and associated adverse health effects are a serious, complex and often neglected issue within the New Zealand health sector. Slavery in New Zealand has most recently been associated with the fishing and horticulture industries. However, victims may be found in a number of other industry sectors, including the health and aged-care sectors, or outside of the labour market such as in forced, early (underage) and servile forms of marriage. Victims of slavery are at increased risk of acute and chronic health problems, injuries from dangerous working and living conditions, and physical and sexual abuse...
October 6, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979577/methodologies-in-orthodontic-pain-management-a-review
#7
Asra Sabir Hussain, Meteib Joraib Al Toubity, Wael Y Elias
INTRODUCTION: Patients experience pain and discomfort during active orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Pain is considered a subjective response to noxious stimuli. It can vary from person to person and is influenced by certain factors such as age, gender, previous pain experiences, stress or anxiety, and type of appliance. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this literature review was to discuss conventional versus recently introduced treatment modalities used in pain management for orthodontic patients...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975242/ethics-and-the-legalization-of-physician-assisted-suicide-an-american-college-of-physicians-position-paper
#8
Lois Snyder Sulmasy, Paul S Mueller
Calls to legalize physician-assisted suicide have increased and public interest in the subject has grown in recent years despite ethical prohibitions. Many people have concerns about how they will die and the emphasis by medicine and society on intervention and cure has sometimes come at the expense of good end-of-life care. Some have advocated strongly, on the basis of autonomy, that physician-assisted suicide should be a legal option at the end of life. As a proponent of patient-centered care, the American College of Physicians (ACP) is attentive to all voices, including those who speak of the desire to control when and how life will end...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972627/student-competency-perceptions-from-associate-degree-to-bachelor-degree-completion
#9
Kathlynn Northrup-Snyder, Renee' M Menkens, Miriam Dean
BACKGROUND: A curriculum evaluation gap was addressed by exploring the final year of the Oregon Consortium of Nursing Education (OCNE) curriculum through student perception of competency and benchmark proficiency. METHOD: Researchers used a mixed-methods design to explore RN to baccalaureate (RNBS) student self-assessment data on perceived benchmark proficiency. Students' written statements were coded into four attainment categories, ranging from not attained to strong...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958015/advance-care-planning-in-skilled-nursing-facilities-a-multisite-examination-of-professional-judgments
#10
Kristin R Baughman, Ruth Ludwick, David Jarjoura, Denise Kropp, Vimal Shenoy
Background and Objectives: Lack of advance care planning (ACP) may increase hospitalizations and impact the quality of life for skilled nursing facility (SNF) residents, especially African American residents who may be less likely to receive ACP discussions. We examined the professional judgments of SNF providers to see if race of SNF residents and providers, and risk for hospitalization for residents influenced professional judgments as to when ACP was needed and feelings of responsibility for ensuring ACP discussions...
August 22, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956412/clinical-judgment-is-a-schema-conceptual-proposals-and-training-perspectives
#11
Marc Nagels
Clinical judgment is a critical concept for the development of nursing and nursing education. Its theoretical origins are multiple and its definition is not yet consensus. The analysis of the scientific and professional literature shows heterogeneous and dispersed points of views, notably on the role of intuition, on its cognitive and metacognitive dimensions, and on its proximity to other concepts. Between professional stakes and epistemological constructions, clinical judgment is still an emerging concept...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944638/-unknown-title
#12
(no author information available yet)
Clinical judgment is a critical concept for the development of nursing and nursing education. Its theoretical origins are multiple and its definition is not yet consensus. The analysis of the scientific and professional literature shows heterogeneous and dispersed points of views, notably on the role of intuition, on its cognitive and metacognitive dimensions, and on its proximity to other concepts. Between professional stakes and epistemological constructions, clinical judgment is still an emerging concept...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939732/liability-for-diagnosing-malingering
#13
Kenneth J Weiss, Landon Van Dell
Malingering is a medical diagnosis, but not a psychiatric disorder. The label imputes that an evaluee has intentionally engaged in false behavior or statements. By diagnosing malingering, psychiatrists pass judgment on truthfulness. Evaluees taking exception to the label may claim that the professional has committed defamation of character (libel or slander) when the diagnosis is wrong and costs the claimant money or benefits. Clinicians may counter by claiming immunity or that the diagnosis was made in good faith...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918094/post-acute-care-for-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#14
Charles D Phillips, Chau Truong, Hye-Chung Kum, Obioma Nwaiwu, Robert Ohsfeldt
BACKGROUND: Almost all studies of post-acute care (PAC) focus on older persons, frequently those suffering from chronic health problems. Some research is available on PAC for the pediatric population in general. However, very few studies focus on PAC services for children with special health care needs (SHCN). OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors affecting the provision of PAC to children with SHCN. METHODS: Pooled cross-sectional data from Texas Department of State Health Services hospital discharge database from 2011-2014 were analyzed...
September 8, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910231/professionals-attitude-toward-reporting-child-sexual-abuse-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Dalia M Al-Saif, Majid Al-Eissa, Hassan Saleheen, Huda Al-Mutlaq, Mark D Everson, Maha A Almuneef
Child sexual abuse (CSA) requires specialized knowledge and training that includes forensic interview skills. The aim of this study was to determine variations in professionals' attitudes toward CSA by measuring three aspects of forensic attitudes (sensitivity, specificity, and skepticism) and evaluating disagreements concerning the assessment of CSA cases in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional, web-based study, in which the Child Forensic Attitude Scale was used to measure professionals' attitudes, was conducted...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902248/facial-profile-esthetics-in-operated-children-with-bilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#16
Rita de Cássia Moura Carvalho Lauris, Leopoldino Capelozza, Louise Resti Calil, José Roberto Pereira Lauris, Guilherme Janson, Daniela Gamba Garib
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the facial profile esthetics of rehabilitated children with complete bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), comparing the judgment of professionals related and not related to cleft rehabilitation and laypersons. Methods: Thirty children in the mixed dentition (24 male; 6 female) with a mean age of 7.8 years were evaluated using facial profile photographs by 25 examiners: 5 orthodontists and 5 plastic surgeons with experience in cleft care, 5 orthodontists and 5 plastic surgeons without experience in oral cleft rehabilitation and 5 graduated laymen...
July 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901918/enhancing-the-relationship-between-regulators-and-their-profession
#17
Zubin Austin
Regulators face unique pressures to balance competing priorities related to patient safety, public accountability, and practitioners' expectations. Historically, the collegial model of self-regulation has been used as a tool for risk management, to recognize the importance of profession- and context-specific judgment in complex, ambiguous clinical situations. Increasingly, as public accountability concerns have grown dominant within regulatory bodies, this collegial model has shifted toward a more antagonistic relationship between the regulators and the regulated...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901912/enabling-evolving-practice-for-healthcare-professionals-a-regulator-s-journey
#18
Kathy Wilkie, John Tzountzouris
The inherent risk involved in the provision of healthcare services leads to the inevitable requirement of health human resource oversight to protect the public from harm (Bayne 2012). As healthcare systems evolve, so do theoretical models for, and practical applications of, health human resource oversight policy and processes. The College of Medical Laboratory Technologists of Ontario (CMLTO), as one of 26 health regulatory bodies in Ontario, implements programs or processes to enact and support changes in the knowledge, skill and judgment of their members...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888853/monitoring-guidance-for-patients-with-hypophosphatasia-treated-with-asfotase-alfa
#19
REVIEW
Priya S Kishnani, Eric T Rush, Paul Arundel, Nick Bishop, Kathryn Dahir, William Fraser, Paul Harmatz, Agnès Linglart, Craig F Munns, Mark E Nunes, Howard M Saal, Lothar Seefried, Keiichi Ozono
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare, inherited, systemic, metabolic disorder caused by autosomal recessive mutations or a single dominant-negative mutation in the gene encoding tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP). The disease is associated with a broad range of signs, symptoms, and complications, including impaired skeletal mineralization, altered calcium and phosphate metabolism, recurrent fractures, pain, respiratory problems, impaired growth and mobility, premature tooth loss, developmental delay, and seizures...
September 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879545/real-life-use-of-onabotulinumtoxina-for-symptom-relief-in-patients-with-chronic-migraine-repose-study-methodology-and-baseline-data
#20
Brendan Davies, Charly Gaul, Paolo Martelletti, Juan Carlos García-Moncó, Stephanie Brown
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a debilitating neurological disorder that affects 14.1% of the US and 14.7% of the European populations. Chronic migraine (CM) is broadly defined as headache occurring on ≥15 days per month for ≥3 months, and has an estimated worldwide prevalence of 1.4% to 2.2%. OnabotulinumtoxinA is currently approved for the treatment of CM in most European countries, and is the only preventative treatment approved for adults with CM, based on results from the PREEMPT clinical trial programme...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
keyword
keyword
96216
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"