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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530312/-the-second-victim-treating-the-health-care-providers
#1
REVIEW
Shimrit Shor, Orna Tal, Ron Maymon
During their professional careers, physicians and other health care providers are repeatedly exposed to emotional stress. This is usually secondary to coping with the results of a medical error or complicated medical event. Generally, in the above cases, the patient and his/her family are in the center of the medical system, being "the first victim" of such an event, while the involved caregiver, who provided the medical service, is categorized as the "second victim". "Second victims" may feel anxiety, fear, guilt or anger and experience social withdrawal, which may lead to troubling memories, depression and insomnia...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490325/reaching-beyond-the-review-of-research-evidence-a-qualitative-study-of-decision-making-during-the-development-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-disease-prevention-in-healthcare
#2
Linda Richter Sundberg, Rickard Garvare, Monica Elisabeth Nyström
BACKGROUND: The judgment and decision making process during guideline development is central for producing high-quality clinical practice guidelines, but the topic is relatively underexplored in the guideline research literature. We have studied the development process of national guidelines with a disease-prevention scope produced by the National board of Health and Welfare (NBHW) in Sweden. The NBHW formal guideline development model states that guideline recommendations should be based on five decision-criteria: research evidence; curative/preventive effect size, severity of the condition; cost-effectiveness; and ethical considerations...
May 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478848/the-role-of-psychological-factors-in-oncology-nurses-burnout-and-compassion-fatigue-symptoms
#3
Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
PURPOSE: This study explored the role of several psychological factors in professional quality of life in nurses. Specifically, we tried to clarify the relationships between several dimensions of empathy, self-compassion, and psychological inflexibility, and positive (compassion satisfaction) and negative (burnout and compassion fatigue) domains of professional quality of life. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, a convenience sample of 221 oncology nurses recruited from several public hospitals filling out a battery of self-report measures...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478754/the-reason-for-having-a-code-of-pharmaceutical-ethics-spanish-pharmacists-code-of-ethics
#4
Dolores Barreda Hernández, Ana Mulet Alberola, Diana González Bermejo, Enrique Soler Company
The pharmacist profession needs its own code of conduct set out in writing to serve as a stimulus to pharmacists in their day-to-day work in the different areas of pharmacy, in conjunction always with each individual pharmacist´s personal commitment to their patients, to other healthcare professionals and to society. An overview is provided of the different codes of ethics for pharmacists on the national and international scale, the most up-to-date code for 2015 being presented as a set of principles which must guide a pharmacutical conduct from the standpoint of deliberative judgment...
May 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473004/the-attitudes-of-family-physicians-toward-a-child-with-delayed-growth-and-development
#5
Servet Aker, Mustafa Kürşat Şahin, Ömer Kınalı, Elif Şimşek Karadağ, Tuğba Korkmaz
Aim The purpose of this study was to assess the attitude of family physicians toward a child with delayed growth and development. BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare professionals play a key role in monitoring growth and development, the best indicator of the child's health status. If delayed growth and development can be detected early, then it is usually possible to restore functioning. METHODS: This descriptive study was performed in Samsun, Turkey, in May and June 2015...
May 5, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468706/problem-based-learning-for-didactic-presentation-to-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#6
Susan Montenery
Nursing judgment is an essential component in the delivery of safe, quality patient care. Nurses must have the knowledge and skills to question authority, make judgments, substantiate evidence, and advocate for the patient. Traditional pedagogy in content-laden courses remains primarily lecture based. Incorporating active strategies to strengthen professional practice is essential. A pilot study assessed senior baccalaureate nursing students' perceptions of problem-based learning (PBL) and their readiness for self-directed learning...
May 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466511/final-data-of-an-italian-multicentric-survey-about-counseling-for-smoking-cessation-in-patients-with-diagnosis-of-a-respiratory-disease
#7
Enrica Capelletto, Simonetta Grazia Rapetti, Sara Demichelis, Domenico Galetta, Annamaria Catino, Donata Ricci, Anna Maria Moretti, Emilio Bria, Sara Pilotto, Arianna Bruno, Giuseppe Valmadre, Gian Piero Bandelli, Rocco Trisolini, Martina Gianetta, Maria Vittoria Pacchiana, Stefania Vallone, Silvia Novello
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is the major risk factor for cancer and several respiratory diseases. Quitting smoking at any point of life may increase the effectiveness of treatments and improve prognosis of patients with any pulmonary disease, including lung cancer. However, few institutions in Europe offer to patients adequate counseling for smoking cessation. OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study was to investigate the level of counseling for smoking cessation offered by healthcare professionals to patients and their appreciation towards the intervention itself...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461285/physician-rating-websites-what-aspects-are-important-to-identify-a-good-doctor-and-are-patients-capable-of-assessing-them-a-mixed-methods-approach-including-physicians-and-health-care-consumers-perspectives
#8
Fabia Rothenfluh, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: Physician rating websites (PRWs) offer health care consumers the opportunity to evaluate their doctor anonymously. However, physicians' professional training and experience create a vast knowledge gap in medical matters between physicians and patients. This raises ethical concerns about the relevance and significance of health care consumers' evaluation of physicians' performance. OBJECTIVE: To identify the aspects physician rating websites should offer for evaluation, this study investigated the aspects of physicians and their practice relevant for identifying a good doctor, and whether health care consumers are capable of evaluating these aspects...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451843/attachment-and-mental-help-seeking-in-the-perinatal-period-the-role-of-stigma
#9
Ana Fonseca, Mariana Moura-Ramos, Maria Cristina Canavarro
This study aimed at (1) examining how women's attachment representations influence their intentions to seek formal help for their emotional problems, either directly or by affecting attitudes towards professional help-seeking (stigma and psychological openness), and (2) examining whether these effects are moderated by the presence of clinically significant psychopathological symptoms. A cross-sectional online survey including 226 women during the perinatal period was conducted. Results showed that, when clinically significant psychopathological symptoms were present, women's more insecure attachment representations were associated with lower intentions to seek professional help, and this influence occurred throughout a decrease in women's indifference to stigma associated with mental healthcare...
April 27, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441255/european-society-of-gynaecological-oncology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-vulvar-cancer
#10
Maaike H M Oonk, François Planchamp, Peter Baldwin, Mariusz Bidzinski, Mats Brännström, Fabio Landoni, Sven Mahner, Umesh Mahantshetty, Mansoor Mirza, Cordula Petersen, Denis Querleu, Sigrid Regauer, Lukas Rob, Roman Rouzier, Elena Ulrikh, Jacobus van der Velden, Ignace Vergote, Linn Woelber, Ate G J van der Zee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop clinically relevant and evidence-based guidelines as part of European Society of Gynaecological Oncology's mission to improve the quality of care for women with gynecologic cancers across Europe. METHODS: The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology Council nominated an international development group made of practicing clinicians who provide care to patients with vulvar cancer and have demonstrated leadership and interest in the management of patients with vulvar cancer (18 experts across Europe)...
May 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438766/nurses-must-be-allowed-to-exercise-professional-judgment
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430567/how-should-clinicians-respond-to-medical-requests-from-clinician-family-members-of-patients
#12
Andrew Thurston
In the medical profession, receiving a request for medical management from a colleague is a routine experience. However, when the colleague is a family member of a patient and the desired or requested medical intervention is not medically indicated in the attending physician's view, the situation becomes more complicated. Ethical issues include respect for patient autonomy and social justice as well as nonmaleficence. Furthermore, interpersonal and professional relationships may be tested in this situation...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403457/smoking-cessation-support-by-text-message-during-pregnancy-a-qualitative-study-of-views-and-experiences-of-the-miquit-intervention
#13
Melanie Sloan, Sarah Hopewell, Tim Coleman, Sue Cooper, Felix Naughton
Introduction: SMS text messaging is increasingly used for delivering smoking cessation support and pilot studies suggest this may also be useful in pregnancy. This study explores the views of women who received a tailored text messaging cessation intervention (MiQuit) during pregnancy, focusing on acceptability, perceived impact, and suggestions for improvements. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 15 purposively sampled women who had received the MiQuit intervention during pregnancy as part of a randomized controlled trial...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399033/european-society-of-gynaecological-oncology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-vulvar-cancer
#14
Maaike H M Oonk, François Planchamp, Peter Baldwin, Mariusz Bidzinski, Mats Brännström, Fabio Landoni, Sven Mahner, Umesh Mahantshetty, Mansoor Mirza, Cordula Petersen, Denis Querleu, Sigrid Regauer, Lukas Rob, Roman Rouzier, Elena Ulrikh, Jacobus van der Velden, Ignace Vergote, Linn Woelber, Ate G J van der Zee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop clinically relevant and evidence-based guidelines as part of European Society of Gynaecological Oncology's mission to improve the quality of care for women with gynecologic cancers across Europe. METHODS: The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology Council nominated an international development group made of practicing clinicians who provide care to patients with vulvar cancer and have demonstrated leadership and interest in the management of patients with vulvar cancer (18 experts across Europe)...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392595/the-principles-of-catholic-social-teaching-a-guide-for-decision-making-from-daily-clinical-encounters-to-national-policy-making
#15
Karen Shields Wright
Catholic social teaching (CST), a branch of moral theology, addresses contemporary issues within the political, economic, and cultural structures of society. The threefold cornerstone of CST contains the principles of human dignity, solidarity, and subsidiarity. It is the foundation on which to form our conscience in order to evaluate the framework of society and is the Catholic criteria for prudential judgment and direction in developing current policy-making. With knowledge of these social principles, in combination with our faith, we will be more armed and informed as to articulate the Catholic vision of reality, the truthful nature of the human person and society, to apply and integrate the social teachings in our everyday administrative and clinical encounters, and through the virtue of charity take action within the social, political, and economic spheres in which we have influence...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351839/margaret-mccartney-nurses-must-be-allowed-to-exercise-professional-judgment
#16
Margaret McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344697/learning-by-concordance-lbc-introducing-undergraduate-students-to-the-complexity-and-uncertainty-of-clinical-practice
#17
Nicolas Fernandez, Amélie Foucault, Serge Dubé, Diane Robert, Chantal Lafond, Anne-Marie Vincent, Jeannine Kassis, Driss Kazitani, Bernard Charlin
BACKGROUND: A current challenge in medical education is the steep exposure to the complexity and uncertainty of clinical practice in early clerkship. The gap between pre-clinical courses and the reality of clinical decision-making can be overwhelming for undergraduate students. The Learning-by-Concordance (LbC) approach aims to bridge this gap by embedding complexity and uncertainty by relying on real-life situations and exposure to expert reasoning processes to support learning. LbC provides three forms of support: 1) expert responses that students compare with their own, 2) expert explanations and 3) recognized scholars' key-messages...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332340/are-dental-students-ready-for-supercomplex-dental-practice
#18
D Leadbeatter, C Peck
Contemporary dental practice requires practitioners who are able to draw upon varying interconnected knowledge and skills, in order to make judgments and take action when faced with multiple, often contradictory, ways of interpreting a situation. However, the curricula that prepare students for dental practice are traditionally based on the theoretical knowledge and technical skills to be gained by students. This is despite evidence in the dental literature of a collective desire for graduates to have more range and depth in their repertoire...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321688/an-ethical-descriptive-framework-for-judgment-of-actions-and-decisions-in-the-construction-industry-and-engineering-part-i
#19
Omar J Alkhatib, Alaa Abdou
The construction industry is usually characterized as a fragmented system of multiple-organizational entities in which members from different technical backgrounds and moral values join together to develop a particular business or project. The greatest challenge in the construction process for the achievement of a successful practice is the development of an outstanding reputation, which is built on identifying and applying an ethical framework. This framework should reflect a common ethical ground for myriad people involved in this process to survive and compete ethically in today's turbulent construction market...
March 20, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315858/how-does-culture-affect-experiential-training-feedback-in-exported-canadian-health-professional-curricula
#20
Kerry Wilbur, Rasha Mousa Bacha, Somaia Abdelaziz
Objectives: To explore feedback processes of Western-based health professional student training curricula conducted in an Arab clinical teaching setting. Methods: This qualitative study employed document analysis of in-training evaluation reports (ITERs) used by Canadian nursing, pharmacy, respiratory therapy, paramedic, dental hygiene, and pharmacy technician programs established in Qatar. Six experiential training program coordinators were interviewed between February and May 2016 to explore how national cultural differences are perceived to affect feedback processes between students and clinical supervisors...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
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