keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

professional judgment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665190/comparison-of-emergency-medicine-malpractice-cases-involving-residents-to-non-resident-cases
#1
Kiersten L Gurley, Shamai A Grossman, Margaret Janes, C Winnie Yu-Moe, Ellen Song, Carrie D Tibbles, Nathan I Shapiro, Carlo L Rosen
BACKGROUND: Data are lacking on how emergency medicine (EM) malpractice cases with resident involvement differs from cases that do not name a resident. OBJECTIVES: To compare malpractice case characteristics in cases where a resident is involved (resident case) to cases that do not involve a resident (non-resident case) and to determine factors that contribute to malpractice cases utilizing EM as a model for malpractice claims across other medical specialties. METHODS: We used data from the Controlled Risk Insurance Company (CRICO) Strategies' division Comparative Benchmarking System (CBS) to analyze open and closed EM cases asserted from 2009-2013...
April 17, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648919/oligomers-of-styrene-are-not-endocrine-disruptors
#2
Heinz-Peter Gelbke, Marcy Banton, Christian Block, Gordon Dawkins, Edgar Leibold, Mark Pemberton, Atsunobu Sakoda, Atsushi Yasukawa
Oligomers of styrene have been identified in polystyrene (PS) polymer samples intended for food packaging. Such oligomers contribute to nonintentionally added substances (NIAS) that may migrate into food or food simulants and therefore have to be assessed for the potential risk to health. No oligomers larger than dimers and trimers of styrene have been found to be present in PS. Some in vivo and in vitro information indicative of an endocrine activity for some specific oligomers suggest concerns for their potential for endocrine disruption in humans...
April 12, 2018: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620394/the-home-field-advantage-and-the-perils-of-professional-judgment-evaluating-the-performance-of-the-static-99r-and-the-mnsost-3-in-predicting-sexual-recidivism
#3
Grant Duwe, Michael Rocque
When sex offenders in Minnesota are assigned risk levels prior to their release from prison, correctional staff frequently exercise professional judgment by overriding the presumptive risk level per an offender's score on the Minnesota Sex Offender Screening Tool-3 (MnSOST-3), a sexual recidivism risk-assessment instrument. These overrides enabled us to evaluate whether the use of professional judgment resulted in better predictive performance than did reliance on "actuarial" judgment (MnSOST-3). Using multiple metrics, we also compared the performance of a home-grown instrument (the MnSOST-3) with a global assessment (the revised version of the Static-99 [Static-99R]) in predicting sexual recidivism for 650 sex offenders released from Minnesota prisons in 2012...
April 5, 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618269/importance-of-messages-for-a-suicide-prevention-media-campaign
#4
Angela Nicholas, Alyssia Rossetto, Anthony Jorm, Jane Pirkis, Nicola Reavley
BACKGROUND: A suicide prevention media campaign aimed at family members and friends may be one useful population-level suicide prevention strategy for Australia. However, currently there is limited evidence of what messages would be acceptable and appropriate for inclusion. AIMS: This expert consensus study aimed to identify messages that experts with lived experience of suicide risk and suicide prevention professionals believed were most important to include in such a suicide prevention campaign...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607675/-sharing-things-with-people-that-i-don-t-even-know-help-seeking-for-psychological-symptoms-in-injured-black-men-in-philadelphia
#5
Sara F Jacoby, John A Rich, Jessica L Webster, Therese S Richmond
OBJECTIVES: Psychological distress is common in survivors of traumatic injury, yet across United States' trauma systems, it is rare that standard injury care integrates psychological evaluation and professional mental healthcare. The purpose of this study was to explore help-seeking for psychological symptoms in injured Black men living in Philadelphia. DESIGN: A subset of a cohort of 551 injured Black men admitted to a Trauma Center in Philadelphia participated in qualitative interviews that explored their perceptions of psychological symptoms after injury and the factors that guided their decision to seek professional mental health help...
April 1, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592852/professional-judgment-v-customer-expectations
#6
Rebecca Rosen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565417/pediatric-clinical-exome-genome-sequencing-and-the-engagement-process-encouraging-active-conversation-with-the-older-child-and-adolescent-points-to-consider-a-statement-of-the-american-college-of-medical-genetics-and-genomics-acmg
#7
Lynn W Bush, Louis E Bartoshesky, Karen L David, Benjamin Wilfond, Janet L Williams, Ingrid A Holm
Disclaimer: This article is designed primarily as an educational resource for medical geneticists and other health care providers to help them provide quality patient care. Adherence to the information contained in this article does not necessarily assure a successful medical outcome. This information and any associated recommendations should not be considered inclusive of all proper procedures and tests or exclusive of other procedures and tests that are reasonably directed to obtaining the same results. In determining the propriety of any specific procedure or test, each provider should apply his or her own professional judgment to the specific clinical circumstances presented by the individual patient...
March 22, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561957/threats-to-bioethical-principles-in-medical-practice-in-brazil-new-medical-ethics-code-period
#8
G C L Gracindo, J H da Silva Gallo, R Nunes
We aimed to outline the profile of medical professionals in Brazil who have violated the deontological norms set forth in the ethics code of the profession, and whose cases were judged by the higher tribunal for medical ethics between 2010 and 2016. This survey was conducted using a database formed from professional ethics cases extracted from the plenary of the medical ethics tribunal of the Federal Council of Medicine. These were disciplinary ethics cases that were judged at appeal level between 2010 and 2016...
March 15, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551402/systematic-review-of-professional-liability-when-prescribing-beta-lactams-for-patients-with-a-known-penicillin-allergy
#9
REVIEW
Meghan N Jeffres, Elizabeth A Hall-Lipsy, S Travis King, John D Cleary
OBJECTIVE: To describe medical negligence and malpractice cases in which a patient with a known penicillin allergy received a beta-lactam and experienced an adverse reaction related to the beta-lactam. DATA SOURCES: Lexis-Nexus, Westlaw, and Google Scholar were searched. STUDY SELECTIONS: Medical negligence and malpractice cases were eligible for inclusion if they met the following criteria: the plaintiff had a known penicillin allergy, received a beta-lactam, and experienced an adverse event...
March 15, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543224/laboratory-analysis-of-organic-acids-2018-update-a-technical-standard-of-the-american-college-of-medical-genetics-and-genomics-acmg
#10
Renata C Gallagher, Laura Pollard, Anna I Scott, Suzette Huguenin, Stephen Goodman, Qin Sun
Disclaimer: These ACMG Standards are intended as an educational resource for clinical laboratory geneticists to help them provide quality clinical laboratory genetic services. Adherence to these Standards is voluntary and does not necessarily assure a successful medical outcome. These Standards should not be considered inclusive of all proper procedures and tests, or exclusive of others that are reasonably directed to obtaining the same results. In determining the propriety of any specific procedure or test, clinical laboratory geneticists should apply their professional judgment to the specific circumstances presented by the patient or specimen...
March 15, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541447/antimicrobials-in-small-scale-urban-pig-farming-in-a-lower-middle-income-country-arbitrary-use-and-high-resistance-levels
#11
G Ström, S Boqvist, A Albihn, L-L Fernström, A Andersson Djurfeldt, S Sokerya, T Sothyra, U Magnusson
Background: Administration of antimicrobials to food-producing animals is regarded as a major contributor to the overall emergence of resistance in bacteria worldwide. However, few data are available on global antimicrobial use and resistance (AMR) in livestock, especially from low- and middle-income countries. Methods: We conducted a structured survey of 91 small-scale pig farms in the urban and peri-urban areas of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, to assess the farmers' knowledge, attitudes and practices related to antimicrobial use in their pig production...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502904/assessing-for-occult-suicidality-at-triage-experiences-of-emergency-nurses
#12
Lisa A Wolf, Cydne Perhats, Altair M Delao, Paul R Clark, Michael D Moon, Kathleen Evanovich Zavotsky
INTRODUCTION: Screening for suicidality is a critical nursing function at the initial ED encounter. Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States, and a substantial percentage of people who die by suicide present for health care in the year before their deaths. The emergency department provides health care professionals with a critical opportunity to identify patients at risk for suicide and intervene appropriately. METHODS: Qualitative exploratory study using focus-group data...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494407/lip-enhancement-physical-assessment-injection-techniques-and-potential-adverse-events
#13
Tracey A Hotta
Lip enhancement is a common injection treatment that may involve several different injection techniques based on the patient's goals, expectations, and facial anatomy. It is the aesthetic provider's professional judgment to determine which technique will provide the desired results. Taking the time to provide a thorough assessment, review the potential complications, and discuss expectations is an important step in building a patient-nurse therapeutic relationship. Understanding the anatomy and the supporting structures around the perioral area will improve the overall results of a lip enhancement treatment...
January 2018: Plastic Surgical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494321/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update
#14
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients who present with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494277/do-evaluations-rise-with-experience
#15
Kieran O'Connor, Amar Cheema
Sequential evaluation is the hallmark of fair review: The same raters assess the merits of applicants, athletes, art, and more using standard criteria. We investigated one important potential contaminant in such ubiquitous decisions: Evaluations become more positive when conducted later in a sequence. In four studies, (a) judges' ratings of professional dance competitors rose across 20 seasons of a popular television series, (b) university professors gave higher grades when the same course was offered multiple times, and (c) in an experimental test of our hypotheses, evaluations of randomly ordered short stories became more positive over a 2-week sequence...
March 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490869/the-power-of-talk-and-power-in-talk-a-systematic-review-of-indigenous-narratives-of-culturally-safe-healthcare-communication
#16
Warren Jennings, Chelsea Bond, Peter S Hill
The study aimed to explore Indigenous narrative accounts of healthcare access within qualitative research papers, to better understand Indigenous views on culturally safe healthcare and health communication represented in that literature. A systematic literature review of peer-reviewed academic qualitative studies identified 65 papers containing Indigenous respondents' views on accessing healthcare. Analysis included all Indigenous voice (primary quotations) and author findings describing healthcare access across these studies...
March 1, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488891/-restraints-in-greek-mental-health-services-ethics-practice-and-costs
#17
G Alevizopoulos, V Bozikas, C Touloumis
The use of physical and mechanical restraints in mental health services in Greece arise many ethical and practical issues. The justification of the use of such procedures is rather controversial and subjective to scientific debate. The practice of restraint puts both patients and staff at risk for injury and death. Moreover, restraints can be traumatic even when they do not result in any physical injury to the patient. The types of the physical adverse events include dehydration, suffocation, circulation disturbances, skin problems, loss of strength and mobility, incontinence, etc...
October 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482542/matters-to-address-prior-to-introducing-new-life-support-technology-in-japan-three-serious-ethical-concerns-related-to-the-use-of-left-ventricular-assist-devices-as-destination-therapy-and-suggested-policies-to-deal-with-them
#18
Atsushi Asai, Sakiko Masaki, Taketoshi Okita, Aya Enzo, Yasuhiro Kadooka
BACKGROUND: Destination therapy (DT) is the permanent implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) in patients with end-stage, severe heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation. DT improves both the quality of life and prognosis of patients with end-stage heart failure. However, there are also downsides to DT such as life-threatening complications and the potential for the patient to live beyond their desired length of life following such major complications...
February 27, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480995/physical-and-emotional-experiences-of-chemotherapy-a-qualitative-study-among-women-with-breast-cancer-in-southern-thailand
#19
Dusanee Suwankhong, Pranee Liamputtong
Background: Chemotherapy treatment can increase survival rates among women with breast cancer elsewhere. However, it also has negative impact on women’s general appearance, body image and psychological functioning. This study aimed to describe the experiences of chemotherapy treatment among Thai women with breast cancer in rural communities, sounthern Thailand. Methods: Qualitative approach was employed to gain insights about the experiences of the women. In-depth interviewing and drawing methods were conducted with 20 Thai women who had been diagnosed with breast cancer...
February 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467979/programmatic-assessment-in-emergency-medicine-implementation-of-best-practices
#20
Marcia Perry, Andrew Linn, Brendan W Munzer, Laura Hopson, Ambrosya Amlong, Michael Cole, Sally A Santen
Background : Programmatic assessment is the intentional collection of key data from multiple sources for both assessment of learning and assessment for learning . Objective : We developed a system of programmatic assessment (PA) to identify competency progression (summative) and assessment for learning to assist residents in their formative development. Methods : The programmatic assessment was designed iteratively from 2014 through 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
keyword
keyword
96216
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"