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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228788/understanding-the-experiences-of-middle-school-girls-who-have-received-help-for-non-suicidal-self-injury
#1
Kathleen S Tillman, Michael Prazak, Megan L Obert
This study aimed to understand the experiences of middle school girls who have engaged in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and have received professional help for these behaviors. Participants described engaging in NSSI in response to uncomfortable feelings and invasive negative thoughts. They reported that engaging in NSSI decreased their uncomfortable feelings. While each participant had at least one person in her life who knew about her NSSI, participants did not feel supported or validated by these people...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217958/assessment-of-barriers-to-reproductive-health-service-utilization-among-bench-maji-zone-pastoralist-communities
#2
Andualem Henok, Emwodish Takele
Background: The reproductive health (RH) needs and challenges in pastoralist area are different from elsewhere. People in this area live in very traditional settings and adhere strongly to traditional cultural values and beliefs. Some of these beliefs are known to lead to poor sexual and RH outcomes. Thus, the objective of the study was to identify barriers of RH service utilization among pastoralist communities of Bench Maji zone. Methods: This study was conducted in pastoralist communities of 5 woredas in Bench Maji zone...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207217/-clinical-competence-in-nephrology-proposal-of-an-evaluation-pathway-and-definition-of-professional-levels
#3
Marco Formica, Sabrina Chiapello, Federico Marazzi, Daniela Falconi, Marita Marengo, Maurizio Gherzi, Fabio Tattoli, Ilaria Serra, Michela Tamagnone, Chiara Bottaro, Patrizia Garis, Grazia Maria Alberico
The need to assess clinical competencies in a medical environment is an intriguing issue due to progressive involvement of young physicians in clinical practice, as well as for connections tied to evaluation systems to define postgraduate training and career progression. To reach this goal, system must be based upon contributions that are aimed to achieve a clear and homogeneous evaluation pathway and strictly related to the continuing medical education institution (credits). All these presuppositions are instrumental for the proposal of a sheet which could allow a data retrieval useful to depict a career progression by means of: identification of reproducible parameters along with clear standards; advices for indicators; objective judgments that could drive to a score meaningful for reaching higher steps in the performance evaluation...
December 5, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197431/measuring-adherence-to-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines
#4
Richard Clark, Utsana Tonmukayakul, Yvonne Mangan, Michael Smith, Mark Gussy, David Manton, Denise Bailey, Hanny Calache
OBJECTIVES: Dental Health Services Victoria publishes evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to assist public oral health practitioners to provide high-quality dental care. How well these CPGs are implemented into practice is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess adherence to selected CPGs. METHODS: An electronic auditing tool was developed using clinical indicators derived for "stainless steel crown (SSC)," "restorative care for children under general anesthetic (GA)," and "direct restorative materials" CPG...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185802/effects-of-cupping-therapy-in-amateur-and-professional-athletes-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Rhianna Bridgett, Petra Klose, Rob Duffield, Suni Mydock, Romy Lauche
OBJECTIVE: Despite the recent re-emergence of the process of cupping by athletes, supporting evidence for its efficacy and safety remains scarce. This systematic review aims to summarize the evidence of clinical trials on cupping for athletes. METHODS: SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, PubMed, AMED, and CNKI databases were searched from their inception to December 10, 2016. Randomized controlled trials on cupping therapy with no restriction regarding the technique, or cointerventions, were included, if they measured the effects of cupping compared with any other intervention on health and performance outcomes in professionals, semi-professionals, and leisure athletes...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183564/-lost-and-confused-parent-representative-groups-perspectives-on-child-and-family-health-services-in-australia
#6
Amiee Hesson, Cathrine Fowler, Chris Rossiter, Virginia Schmied
Consumer involvement in health care is widely accepted in policy and service delivery. Australia offers universal health services for families with children aged 0 to 5 years, provided by child and family health nurses and general practitioners. Services include, but are not limited to, monitoring and promoting child health and development, and supporting parents. This paper reports consumer representatives' perspectives on Australian parents' needs and experiences of child and family health services, identifying facilitators and barriers to service utilisation...
November 29, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172967/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-italian-web-pages-mentioning-squalene-based-influenza-vaccine-adjuvants-reveals-a-high-prevalence-of-misinformation
#7
Donatella Panatto, Daniela Amicizia, Lucia Arata, Piero Luigi Lai, Roberto Gasparini
Squalene-based adjuvants have been included in influenza vaccines since 1997. Despite several advantages of adjuvanted seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccines, laypeople's perception of such formulations may be hesitant or even negative under certain circumstances. Moreover, in Italian, the term "squalene" has the same root as such common words as "shark" (squalo), "squalid" and "squalidness" that tend to have negative connotations. This study aimed to quantitatively and qualitatively analyze a representative sample of Italian web pages mentioning squalene-based adjuvants used in influenza vaccines...
November 27, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172574/gender-and-violence-risk-assessment-in-prisons
#8
Janet I Warren, James M Wellbeloved-Stone, Park E Dietz, Sara B Millspaugh
Our study examines the association between Historical, Clinical, Risk Management-20: Version 2; Psychopathy Checklist-Revised; and Violence Risk Assessment Guide scores and violence perpetrated during incarceration by male and female inmates. Using a sample of 288 men and 183 women selected from prisons in 2 states, we used receiver operating characteristics analyses to assess the potential of these 3 measures to predict threatened, physical, or sexual prison violence measured in 2 ways: inmate self-report and formal institutional infractions...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166393/implicit-theories-concerning-the-intelligence-of-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#9
Claire Enea-Drapeau, Michèle Carlier, Pascal Huguet
Studies over the past three decades have shown that learning difficulties are not only determined by neurological disorders, but also by motivational and/or socio-cognitive factors Among these factors, implicit theories of intelligence (also referred to as conceptions, mindsets or beliefs about intelligence) are key elements. The belief that intelligence is fixed (entity theory), as opposed to malleable (incremental theory), is generally associated with negative teaching practices and poorer student outcomes, yet beliefs about the intelligence of individuals with intellectual disabilities have not received much attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163313/intuitive-choices-lead-to-intensified-positive-emotions-an-overlooked-reason-for-intuition-bias
#10
Geir Kirkebøen, Gro H H Nordbye
People have, for many well-documented reasons, a tendency to overemphasize their intuitions and to follow them, even when they should not. This "intuition bias" leads to several kinds of specific intuitive biases in judgments and decision making. Previous studies have shown that characteristics of the decision process have a tendency to "leak" into the experience of the choice outcome. We explore whether intuitive choices influence the experience of the choice outcomes differently from "non-intuitive," analytic choices...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161886/perceived-barriers-and-enablers-of-help-seeking-for-substance-use-problems-during-adolescence
#11
Bonita J Berridge, Terence V McCann, Ali Cheetham, Dan I Lubman
AIM: Receiving professional help early can reduce long-term harms associated with substance use. However, little is known about the factors that influence help-seeking for substance use problems during early-mid adolescence, prior to the emergence of disorder. Given that beliefs regarding help-seeking are likely to develop early, understanding adolescent views of help-seeking during this period is likely to provide important information for prevention and intervention efforts. The current study identifies perceptions that would facilitate or prevent adolescents from seeking support for substance use problems from formal and informal help sources...
February 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155172/navigating-motherhood-and-maternal-transitional-infant-feeding-learnings-for-health-professionals
#12
Michelle Harrison, Julie Hepworth, Wendy Brodribb
Given the lifelong associations between infant diet and weight, understanding maternal transitional infant feeding decisions can assist efforts to establish healthy eating habits early in life. Feeding experiences were explored using semi-structured interviews with 15 first-time mothers who were selected based on their concerns about their infants' weight in an infant feeding survey. Thematic synthesis of the interview transcripts identified three main themes: Theme 1. Expectations of a "responsible mother", (2) Trusting oneself and trust in others, and (3) From stress to successful feeding...
November 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136412/combining-lead-exposure-measurements-and-experts-judgment-through-a-bayesian-framework
#13
Dong-Hee Koh, Ju-Hyun Park, Sang-Gil Lee, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Sangjun Choi, Hyejung Jung, Dong-Uk Park
Objectives: CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX) is a carcinogen-surveillance system employed in many countries. To develop Korean CAREX, the intensity of exposure to lead, as an example, was estimated across industries. Methods: Airborne-lead measurement records were extracted from the work-environment measurement database (WEMD), which is a nationwide workplace-monitoring database. Lead measurements were log-transformed; then, the log-transformed geometric means (LGMs) and log-transformed geometric standard deviations (LGSDs) were calculated for each industry...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136338/the-perspectives-of-medical-specialists-from-different-disciplines-on-the-management-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-an-interview-study
#14
David J Tunnicliffe, Davinder Singh-Grewal, Jonathan C Craig, Shilpanjali Jesudason, Peter Tugwell, Ming-Wei Lin, Sean G O'Neill, Daniel Sumpton, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease that can affect multiple organ systems, with specialists from many disciplines often involved, which may lead to inconsistent care. We aimed to describe the attitudes and perspectives of specialists from different medical disciplines on the management of people with SLE. METHODS: Face-to-face, semi-structured interviews were conducted with rheumatologists (n=16), nephrologists (n=16), and immunologists (n=11) providing care to adults with SLE from 19 centers across Australia in 2015...
November 14, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135328/when-the-solution-becomes-a-problem-an-educational-discussion
#15
Gustavo Frainer Barbosa
Presenting patients with the opportunity to restore their smiles using dental implants, which is a reliable and widely accepted technique, is highly recommended. Therefore, a correct clinical judgment and a, consequently, dental implant treatment planning is a central component of a good practice of implant dentistry. Moreover, to the oral clinician be able to make better decisions and reach a more accurate clinical judgment, it is necessary continuing professional development being, this development, an essential professional activity for dentists that intend planning implant treatments...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131714/understanding-variations-in-secondary-findings-reporting-practices-across-u-s-genome-sequencing-laboratories
#16
Sara Ackerman, Barbara Koenig
BACKGROUND: Increasingly used for clinical purposes, genome and exome sequencing can generate clinically relevant information that is not directly related to the reason for testing (incidental or secondary findings). Debates about the ethical implications of secondary findings were sparked by the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG)'s 2013 policy statement, which recommended that laboratories report pathogenic alterations in 56 genes. Although wide variation in laboratories' secondary findings policies has been reported, little is known about its causes...
November 13, 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130834/the-relationship-between-intuitive-action-choices-and-moral-reasoning-on-animal-ethics-issues-in-students-of-veterinary-medicine-and-other-relevant-professions
#17
Joy M Verrinder, Clive J C Phillips
With growing understanding of animals' capabilities, and public and organizational pressures to improve animal welfare, moral action by veterinarians and other relevant professionals to address animal issues is increasingly important. Little is known about how their action choices relate to their moral reasoning on animal ethics issues. A moral judgment measure, the VetDIT, with three animal and three non-animal scenarios, was used to investigate the action choices of 619 students in five animal- and two non-animal-related professional programs in one Australian university, and how these related to their moral reasoning based on Personal Interest (PI), Maintaining Norms (MN), or Universal Principles (UP) schemas...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129108/promoting-mental-health-resource-use-on-campus-by-trying-something-new
#18
Sara Champlin, Gwendelyn Nisbett
PURPOSE: To design and test a persuasive health promotion campaign that aligns with the qualities of trying something new for the first time. Given that a majority of students have not previously sought/considered professional mental health assistance before, the hypothesis tested in this study asked whether a campaign that takes this into account is effective with this audience. DESIGN: Participants viewed an online informational message (n = 84), information message plus first-time experience banner (n = 99), or 1 of 4 full campaigns, each depicting a student story and photo about a first-time experience (moving from home [n = 48], skydiving [n = 52], acting in a play [n = 48], and exercising with personal trainer [n = 48])...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123339/hospital-workers-confidence-for-end-of-life-decisions-in-their-family-a-multicenter-study
#19
Monica Leon, Luis Omar Chavez, Sharon Einav, Joseph Varon
Aims: To study whether health-care workers feel capable of making resuscitation decisions for their own families, the confidence in their family to represent their own preferences, and if some health-care workers feel greater confidence in their ability to undertake such decisions for their family than others. Methods: An anonymous survey conducted among health-care workers of nine institutions in North and Central America. The self-administered questionnaire included demographic and professional characteristics, attitudes, personal preferences, and value judgments on the topic of resuscitation...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120687/a-100-patient-clinical-evaluation-of-an-alternating-pressure-replacement-mattress-in-a-home-based-setting
#20
Jackie Stephen-Haynes, Rosie Callaghan
BACKGROUND: alternating pressure air mattresses (APAMs) support the prevention and management of pressure ulcers. A health and care NHS trust was seeking an APAM that would improve clinical outcomes in relation to pressure ulcers while considering financial cost. An APAM existed that could meet the trust's needs but there was a lack of evidence over its use in a community/home setting. This study examined the effect of using the Dual Professional (IQ Medical) APAM for patients at a high risk of pressure ulceration...
November 8, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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