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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351811/rate-and-determinants-of-non-adherence-to-a-gluten-free-diet-and-nutritional-status-assessment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-celiac-disease-in-a-tertiary-brazilian-referral-center-a-cross-sectional-and-retrospective-study
#1
Maraci Rodrigues, Glauce Hiromi Yonaminez, Carla Aline Satiro
BACKGROUND: Compliance with a gluten-free diet (GFD) is difficult at all ages but particularly for teenagers due to social, cultural, economic, and practical pressures. The multidisciplinary team responsible for the treatment of patients with celiac disease and give support to their parents plays a special role on strengthening GFD and assessing the nutritional and physical health. METHODS: A cross-sectional and retrospective study including patients under 20 years of age, with biopsy-confirmed CD, followed regularly at the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hospital das Clínicas, University of Sao Paulo, School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil, were surveyed using a questionnaire and serologic test applied between November 2011 and February 2012...
January 19, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346189/the-impact-of-implementing-tobacco-control-policies-the-2017-tobacco-control-policy-scorecard
#2
David T Levy, Jamie Tam, Charlene Kuo, Geoffrey T Fong, Frank Chaloupka
The Tobacco Control Scorecard, published in 2004, presented estimates of the effectiveness of different policies on smoking rates. Since its publication, new evidence has emerged. We update the Scorecard to include recent studies of demand-reducing tobacco policies for high-income countries. We include cigarette taxes, smoke-free air laws, media campaigns, comprehensive tobacco control programs, marketing bans, health warnings, and cessation treatment policies. To update the 2004 Scorecard, a narrative review was conducted on reviews and studies published after 2000, with additional focus on 3 policies in which previous evidence was limited: tobacco control programs, graphic health warnings, and marketing bans...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336937/the-combination-of-stereo-eeg-and-radiofrequency-ablation
#3
Hélène Catenoix, Pierre Bourdillon, Marc Guénot, Jean Isnard
SEEG-guided radiofrequency thermocoagulation (SEEG-guided RFTC), a combination of Stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG) and radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFTC), has been performed since 2001 in drug resistant epilepsy. The interest of this procedure is to aim at total or partial destruction of the epileptogenic zone, as tailored in each individual patient by the SEEG exploration. These multiple SEEG-guided RFTC lesions of epileptic foci are produced by using a radiofrequency generator connected to the electrode contacts...
January 9, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333423/long-term-outcomes-after-natural-orifice-specimen-extraction-versus-conventional-laparoscopy-assisted-surgery-for-rectal-cancer-a-matched-case-control-study
#4
Jun Seok Park, Hyun Kang, Soo Yeun Park, Hye Jin Kim, In Taek Lee, Gyu-Seog Choi
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes of total laparoscopic surgery with Natural Orifice Specimen Extraction (NOSE) with those for conventional laparoscopy (CL)-assisted surgery for treating rectal cancers. Methods: We reviewed the prospectively collected records of 844 patients (163 NOSE and 681 CL) who underwent curative surgery for mid- or upper rectal cancers from January 2006 to November 2012. We applied propensity score analyses and compared oncological outcomes for the NOSE and CL groups in a 1:1 matched cohort...
January 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326836/minimally-invasive-epicardial-surgical-ablation-alone-versus-hybrid-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Charles M Pearman, Shi S Poon, Laura J Bonnett, Shouvik Haldar, Tom Wong, Neeraj Mediratta, Dhiraj Gupta
Maintaining sinus rhythm in patients with non-paroxysmal AF is an elusive goal. Some suggest that hybrid ablation, combining minimally invasive epicardial surgical ablation with endocardial catheter ablation, may be more effective than either modality alone. However, randomised trials are lacking. We investigated whether hybrid ablation is more effective than epicardial ablation alone at preventing recurrent AF by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. The review was prospectively registered with PROSPERO (CRD42016043389)...
December 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322439/analysis-of-circular-rnas-using-the-web-tool-circinteractome
#6
Amaresh C Panda, Dawood B Dudekula, Kotb Abdelmohsen, Myriam Gorospe
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are generated through nonlinear back splicing, during which the 5' and 3' ends are covalently joined. Consequently, the lack of free ends makes them very stable compared to their counterpart linear RNAs. By selectively interacting with microRNAs and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), circRNAs have been shown to influence gene expression programs. We designed a web tool, CircInteractome, in order to (1) explore potential interactions of circRNAs with RBPs, (2) design specific divergent primers to detect circRNAs, (3) study tissue- and cell-specific circRNAs, (4) identify gene-specific circRNAs, (5) explore potential miRNAs interacting with circRNAs, and (6) design specific siRNAs to silence circRNAs...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313181/intraoperative-neurophysiological-monitoring-during-spinal-surgery-technical-review-in-open-and-minimally-invasive-approaches
#7
REVIEW
Fabio Cofano, Francesco Zenga, Marco Mammi, Roberto Altieri, Nicola Marengo, Marco Ajello, Paolo Pacca, Antonio Melcarne, Carola Junemann, Alessandro Ducati, Diego Garbossa
Neurophysiological monitoring is of undoubted value for the intraoperative safety of neurosurgical procedures. Widely developed and used for cranial surgery, it is equally as effective, though perhaps less commonly employed, for spinal pathology. The most frequently used techniques for intraoperative monitoring during spinal surgery include somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs), motor evoked potentials (MEPs) and electromyography, which can either be spontaneous free-running (sEMG) or triggered (tEMG). The knowledge of the benefits and limitations of each modality is essential in optimising the value of intraoperative monitoring during spinal procedures...
January 8, 2018: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305077/radiologists-experience-with-patient-interactions-in-the-era-of-open-access-of-patients-to-radiology-reports
#8
Jieming Fang, Johannes Boos, Marcela Pecora Cohen, Jonathan B Kruskal, Ronald Eisenberg, Bettina Siewert, Olga R Brook
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate radiologists' experiences with patient interactions in the era of open access of patients to radiology reports. METHODS: This prospective, nonrandom survey of staff and trainee radiologists (n = 128) at a single large academic institution was performed with approval from the institutional review board with a waiver of the requirement to obtain informed consent. A multiple-choice questionnaire with optional free-text comments was constructed with an online secure platform (REDCap) and distributed via departmental e-mail between June 1 and July 31, 2016...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301737/privacy-policies-for-apps-targeted-toward-youth-descriptive-analysis-of-readability
#9
Gitanjali Das, Cynthia Cheung, Camille Nebeker, Matthew Bietz, Cinnamon Bloss
BACKGROUND: Due to the growing availability of consumer information, the protection of personal data is of increasing concern. OBJECTIVE: We assessed readability metrics of privacy policies for apps that are either available to or targeted toward youth to inform strategies to educate and protect youth from unintentional sharing of personal data. METHODS: We reviewed the 1200 highest ranked apps from the Apple and Google Play Stores and systematically selected apps geared toward youth...
January 4, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278830/role-of-recovery-residences-in-criminal-justice-reform
#10
Douglas L Polcin
Over the past decade there has been a clear consensus among drug policy researchers that the practice of incarcerating persons for drug offenses has been counterproductive. As a result, U.S. criminal justice policy is increasingly emphasizing alternative dispositions to incarceration for drug related arrests. In addition, large numbers of persons currently incarcerated for drug related offenses are being released into communities. However, there are serious questions about where these individuals are going to live once released and how they will access needed services...
December 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274691/overweight-and-obesity-effectiveness-of-interventions-in-adults
#11
Juana María Gómez Puente, Mercedes Martínez-Marcos
OBJECTIVE: To identify the most effective interventions in overweight and obese adults. METHOD: A narrative review through a search of the literature in databases PubMed, Cochrane, Joanna Briggs Institute, EMBASE, Cuiden y Cinahl with free and controlled language (MeSH terms) using Boolean operators AND and NOT. The research was limited to articles published between 2007 and 2015. Eighteen articles were selected based on the established inclusion and exclusion criteria...
December 20, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246492/three-steroid-binding-globulins-their-localization-in-the-brain-and-nose-and-what-they-might-be-doing-there
#12
J D Caldwell, K Londe, S D Ochs, Z Hajdu, A Rodewald, V M Gebhart, G F Jirikowski
Steroid-binding globulins (SBGs) such as sex hormone binding globulin, corticosteroid binding globulin, and vitamin-D binding protein are receiving increasing notice as being actively involved in steroid actions. This paper reviews data of all three of these SBGs, focusing on their presence and possible activity in the brain and nose. We have found all three proteins in the brain in limbic areas such as the paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic nuclei (SON) as well as other areas of the hypothalamus, hippocampus, and medial preoptic area...
December 12, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235166/the-south-african-universal-preschool-year-a-case-study-of-policy-development-and-implementation
#13
L Richter, M-L Samuels
BACKGROUND: South Africa is the first sub-Saharan African country to legislate, fund and implement free preschool education. Human rights and restitution were at the forefront of the political struggle for democracy in South Africa. Levelling the playing fields by improving the school readiness of children disadvantaged by the racist policies of Apartheid is essential to the transformation of South African society. METHODS: A review of published and unpublished documents on Grade R was undertaken, and access and enrolment data come from the National Department of Basic Education's Education Management Information System (EMIS)...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229038/the-opportunities-and-limitations-of-minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery
#14
Torsten Doenst, Mahmoud Diab, Christoph Sponholz, Michael Bauer, Gloria Färber
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, minimally invasive techniques for classic heart valve surgery and isolated bypass surgery have been developed that enable access to the heart via partial sternotomy for most aortic valve procedures and via sternotomy-free mini-thoracotomy for other procedures. METHODS: We review the current evidence on minimally invasive cardiac surgery on the basis of pertinent randomized studies and database studies retrieved by a selective search in the MEDLINE and PubMed Central databases, as well as by the Google Scholar search engine...
November 17, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219921/colorectal-cancer-safety-net-is-it-catching-patients-appropriately
#15
Alison R Althans, Justin T Brady, Melissa L Times, Deborah S Keller, Alexis R Harvey, Molly E Kelly, Nilam D Patel, Scott R Steele
BACKGROUND: Disparities in access to colorectal cancer care are multifactorial and are affected by socioeconomic elements. Uninsured and Medicaid patients present with advanced stage disease and have worse outcomes compared with similar privately insured patients. Safety net hospitals are a major care provider to this vulnerable population. Few studies have evaluated outcomes for safety net hospitals compared with private institutions in colorectal cancer. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare demographics, screening rates, presentation stage, and survival rates between a safety net hospital and a tertiary care center...
January 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219276/endourologic-strategies-for-a-minimally-invasive-management-of-urinary-tract-stones-in-patients-with-urinary-diversion
#16
FangLing Zhong, Gurioli Alberto, GuangMing Chen, Wei Zhu, FuCai Tang, Guohua Zeng, Ming Lei
OBJECTIVE: To present our experience in minimally invasive management of urinary tract stones in patients with urinary diversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 26 patients with urinary tract stones after cystectomy and urinary diversion. The types of urinary diversion were ileal conduit, colon conduit, ileal orthotopic neobladder in 19, 4, and 3 patients, respectively. At postoperative days 2, a plain KUB and urinary ultrasonography were performed in order to assess stone fragmentation or hydronephrosis...
December 11, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218559/high-resolution-distance-distributions-determined-by-x-ray-and-neutron-scattering
#17
Henry Y H Tang, John A Tainer, Greg L Hura
Measuring distances within or between macromolecules is necessary to understand the chemistry that biological systems uniquely enable. In performing their chemistry, biological macromolecules undergo structural changes over distances ranging from atomic to micrometer scales. X-ray and neutron scattering provide three key assets for tackling this challenge. First, they may be conducted on solutions where the macromolecules are free to sample the conformations that enable their chemistry. Second, there are few limitations on chemical environment for experiments...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212501/equity-implications-for-sanitation-from-recent-health-and-nutrition-evidence
#18
EDITORIAL
A A Cronin, M E Gnilo, M Odagiri, S Wijesekera
Recent evidence points to the possible underestimation of the health and nutrition impact of sanitation. Community sanitation coverage may first need to reach thresholds in the order of 60% or higher, to optimize health and nutrition gains. Increasing coverage of sanitation to levels below 60% of community coverage may not result in substantial gains. For example, moving Indonesia from 60% to 100% improved sanitation coverage could significantly reduce diarrhoea in children under 5 years old (by an estimated 24% reduction in odds ratio for child diarrhoea morbidity) with gains split equally by reaching underserved communities and the unserved within communities...
December 6, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209611/histological-grading-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#19
Sebastiao N Martins-Filho, Caterina Paiva, Raymundo Soares Azevedo, Venancio Avancini Ferreira Alves
Background: Histological grading typically reflects the biological behavior of solid tumors, thus providing valuable prognostic information. This is also expected in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), although limited access to biopsy samples and a lack of standardization might hinder its full predictive value in this cancer. Objectives: In order to better understand the current practices of histological grading in HCC, we examined the latest publications addressing its impact on the outcome of patients following surgical treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206655/pathophysiology-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-of-coma-and-acute-kidney-injury-complicating-falciparum-malaria
#20
Katherine Plewes, Gareth D H Turner, Arjen M Dondorp
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cerebral impairment and acute kidney injury (AKI) are independent predictors of mortality in both adults and children with severe falciparum malaria. In this review, we present recent advances in understanding the pathophysiology, clinical features, and management of these complications of severe malaria, and discuss future areas of research. RECENT FINDINGS: Cerebral malaria and AKI are serious and well recognized complications of severe malaria...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
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