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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741747/defending-the-scientific-integrity-of-conservation-policy-processes
#1
Carlos Carroll, Brett Hartl, Gretchen T Goldman, Daniel J Rohlf, Adrian Treves, Jeremy T Kerr, Euan G Ritchie, Richard T Kingsford, Katherine E Gibbs, Martine Maron, James E M Watson
Government agencies faced with politically controversial decisions often discount or ignore scientific information, whether from agency staff or nongovernmental scientists. Recent developments in scientific integrity (the ability to perform, use, communicate, and publish science free from censorship or political interference) in Canada, Australia, and the United States demonstrate a similar trajectory. A perceived increase in scientific-integrity abuses provokes concerted pressure by the scientific community, leading to efforts to improve scientific-integrity protections under a new administration...
July 25, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741334/endovascular-treatment-of-chronic-occluded-popliteal-artery-aneurysm-early-and-mid-term-outcomes
#2
Vincenzo Ardita, Alessia Giaquinta, Matteo Orrico, Sonia Ronchey, Massimiliano Veroux, Nicola Mangialardi, Pierfrancesco Veroux
BACKGROUND: Critical limb ischemia (CLI) may be the consequence of chronic occluded popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA). Open repair (OR) offers better 5-year results than endovascular treatment, but in patients with severe comorbidities or unfit to OR, endovascular repair (ER) could represent a valid treatment option. The purpose of this retrospective study was to review our experience of endovascular popliteal aneurism repair (EVPAR) in patients with chronic occluded PAA. METHODS: The endpoints assessed were: 1- and 3-year primary and secondary patency rates, technical success, 30-day major adverse events, major amputation free-survival, re-intervention and survival rates...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741303/open-retropubic-colposuspension-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#3
REVIEW
Marie Carmela M Lapitan, June D Cody, Atefeh Mashayekhi
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is a common and potentially debilitating problem. Stress urinary, incontinence as the most common type of incontinence, imposes significant health and economic burdens on society and the women affected. Open retropubic colposuspension is a surgical treatment which involves lifting the tissues near the bladder neck and proximal urethra in the area behind the anterior pubic bones to correct deficient urethral closure to correct stress urinary incontinence...
July 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727383/outcomes-of-miniaturized-percutaneous-nephrolitotomy-in-infants-single-centre-experience
#4
Eyyup Sabri Pelit, Bülent Kati, Cengiz Çanakci, Süleyman Sağir, Halil Çiftçi
OBJECTIVES: The present study was aim to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Mini-PNL to treat kidney stones in patients aged <3 years. This is the one of the largest series in the literature in this age group of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From May 2012 to April 2016, the medical records of 74 infant patients who underwent mini-PNL for renal stones were reviewed retrospectively. All infants were evaluated with the plain abdominal radiograph, urinary ultrasound, noncontrast computerized tomography and/or intravenous urogram...
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723233/treatment-patterns-and-clinical-outcomes-with-pazopanib-in-patients-with-advanced-soft-tissue-sarcomas-in-a-compassionate-use-setting-results-of-the-spire-study
#5
Hans Gelderblom, Ian R Judson, Charlotte Benson, Ofer Merimsky, Giovanni Grignani, Daniela Katz, Klaus W Freivogel, Dara Stein, Minesh Jobanputra, Arron Mungul, Stephanie C Manson, Roberta Sanfilippo
BACKGROUND: A named patient program (NPP) was designed to provide patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcoma (aSTS) access to pazopanib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor. The SPIRE study was a retrospective chart review of participating patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligibility criteria for the NPP and SPIRE mirrored those of the pivotal phase-III study, PALETTE, which compared pazopanib with placebo in patients ≥18 years with aSTS and whose disease had progressed during or following prior chemotherapy or were otherwise unsuitable for chemotherapy...
July 19, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722559/free-versus-subsidised-healthcare-options-for-fee-exemptions-access-to-care-for-vulnerable-groups-and-effects-on-the-health-system-in-burkina-faso
#6
Maurice Yaogo
BACKGROUND: The many forms of healthcare fee exemptions implemented in Burkina Faso since the 2000s have varied between total exemption (free) and cost subsidisation. This article examines both options, their contextual variations and the ways in which they affect access to healthcare for vulnerable people as well as the operation of the health system. This research is part of an interdisciplinary regional program on the elimination of user fees for health services in West Africa (Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger)...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713700/transoral-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-using-vestibular-approach-updates-and-evidences
#7
REVIEW
Angkoon Anuwong, Hoon Yub Kim, Gianlorenzo Dionigi
Recently, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has been applied in thyroid surgery with transoral access. The benefit of transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy is the potential for scar-free surgery. However, there are many concerns over some aspects, such as infection, recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, and oncological outcome. In this paper, we have reviewed the development history and the current clinical evidence of this innovative surgery. We conclude that the transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA) is feasible and can be considered no longer an experimental operation...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710219/comparison-of-propofol-and-dexmedetomidine-infused-overnight-to-treat-hyperactive-and-mixed-icu-delirium-a-protocol-for-the-basel-prodex-clinical-trial
#8
Alexa Hollinger, Katrin Ledergerber, Stefanie von Felten, Raoul Sutter, Stephan Rüegg, Lukas Gantner, Sibylle Zimmermann, Andrea Blum, Luzius A Steiner, Stephan Marsch, Martin Siegemund
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Delirium is a neurobehavioural disturbance that frequently develops particularly in the intensive care unit (ICU) population. It was first described more than half a century ago, where it was already discovered as a state that might come along with serious complications such as prolonged ICU and hospital stay, reduced quality of life and increased mortality. However, in most cases, there is still lack of proof for causal relationship. Its presence frequently remains unrecognised due to suggested predominance of the hypoactive form...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707186/natural-oils-for-skin-barrier-repair-ancient-compounds-now-backed-by-modern-science
#9
REVIEW
Alexandra R Vaughn, Ashley K Clark, Raja K Sivamani, Vivian Y Shi
Natural plant oils are commonly used as topical therapy worldwide. They are usually easily accessible and are relatively inexpensive options for skin care. Many natural oils possess specific compounds with antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-itch properties, making them attractive alternative and complementary treatments for xerotic and inflammatory dermatoses associated with skin-barrier disruption. Unique characteristics of various oils are important when considering their use for topical skin care...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701857/laparoscopic-single-site-inguinal-hernia-repair-using-a-self-fixating-mesh
#10
Alfredo D Guerron, Hui-Jie Lee, Jin Yoo, Keri Seymour, Ranjan Sudan, Dana Portenier, Chan Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Every year ∼20 million inguinal hernia repairs are completed worldwide. Increased patient access to medical information and education has elicited interest in minimally invasive surgical techniques that obtain improved surgical outcomes and cosmesis. Because of these factors, there is a growing interest in single-incision surgery. Laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) single-incision hernia repair technique has been reported with different meshes used in a tack fixation system...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678671/temporal-subtraction-of-serial-ct-images-with-large-deformation-diffeomorphic-metric-mapping-in-the-identification-of-bone-metastases
#11
Ryo Sakamoto, Masahiro Yakami, Koji Fujimoto, Keita Nakagomi, Takeshi Kubo, Yutaka Emoto, Thai Akasaka, Gakuto Aoyama, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Michael I Miller, Susumu Mori, Kaori Togashi
Purpose To determine the improvement of radiologist efficiency and performance in the detection of bone metastases at serial follow-up computed tomography (CT) by using a temporal subtraction (TS) technique based on an advanced nonrigid image registration algorithm. Materials and Methods This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board, and informed consent was waived. CT image pairs (previous and current scans of the torso) in 60 patients with cancer (primary lesion location: prostate, n = 14; breast, n = 16; lung, n = 20; liver, n = 10) were included...
July 3, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674697/cell-free-vascular-grafts-recent-developments-and-clinical-potential
#12
Sindhu Row, Ana Santandreu, Daniel D Swartz, Stelios T Andreadis
Recent advances in vascular tissue engineering have led to the development of cell-free grafts that are available off-the-shelf for on demand surgery. Challenges associated with cell-based technologies including cell sourcing, cell expansion and long-term bioreactor culture motivated the development of completely cell-free vascular grafts. These are based on decellularized arteries, decellularized cultured cell-based tissue engineered grafts or biomaterials functionalized with biological signals that promote in situ tissue regeneration...
March 2017: Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667831/systematic-review-of-immigrant-women-s-experiences-with-perinatal-care-in-north-america
#13
REVIEW
Anika Winn, Erin Hetherington, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVE: To understand the perinatal care experiences of pregnant immigrant women in North America. DATA SOURCES: We searched five electronic databases: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, SocINDEX, CINAHL, and Social Work Abstracts. Two categories of search terms, pregnancy and immigrant, were used to conduct a title/abstract and subject heading search. We manually searched the reference lists of all relevant articles to identify additional articles. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria were qualitative or mixed methods study design, focus on immigrant women's experiences of accessing perinatal care, and data collection in North America...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667202/pragmatic-consensus-based-minimum-standards-and-structured-interview-to-guide-the-selection-and-development-of-cancer-support-group-leaders-a-protocol-paper
#14
Amanda Pomery, Penelope Schofield, Miranda Xhilaga, Karla Gough
INTRODUCTION: Across the globe, peer support groups have emerged as a community-led approach to accessing support and connecting with others with cancer experiences. Little is known about qualities required to lead a peer support group or how to determine suitability for the role. Organisations providing assistance to cancer support groups and their leaders are currently operating independently, without a standard national framework or published guidelines. This protocol describes the methods that will be used to generate pragmatic consensus-based minimum standards and an accessible structured interview with user manual to guide the selection and development of cancer support group leaders...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666056/high-frequency-oscillations-the-state-of-clinical-research
#15
REVIEW
Birgit Frauscher, Fabrice Bartolomei, Katsuhiro Kobayashi, Jan Cimbalnik, Maryse A van 't Klooster, Stefan Rampp, Hiroshi Otsubo, Yvonne Höller, Joyce Y Wu, Eishi Asano, Jerome Engel, Philippe Kahane, Julia Jacobs, Jean Gotman
Modern electroencephalographic (EEG) technology contributed to the appreciation that the EEG signal outside the classical Berger frequency band contains important information. In epilepsy, research of the past decade focused particularly on interictal high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) > 80 Hz. The first large application of HFOs was in the context of epilepsy surgery. This is now followed by other applications such as assessment of epilepsy severity and monitoring of antiepileptic therapy. This article reviews the evidence on the clinical use of HFOs in epilepsy with an emphasis on the latest developments...
June 30, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657693/ultrathin-two-dimensional-nanostructured-materials-for-highly-efficient-water-oxidation
#16
REVIEW
Wang Zhang, Kun Zhou
Water oxidation, also known as the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), is a crucial process in energy conversion and storage, especially in water electrolysis. The critical challenge of the electrochemical water splitting technology is to explore alternative precious-metal-free catalysts for the promotion of the kinetically sluggish OER. Recently, emerging two-dimensional (2D) ultrathin materials with abundant accessible active sites and improved electrical conductivity provide an ideal platform for the synthesis of promising OER catalysts...
June 28, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652495/quantum-photonic-network-and-physical-layer-security
#17
Masahide Sasaki, Hiroyuki Endo, Mikio Fujiwara, Mitsuo Kitamura, Toshiyuki Ito, Ryosuke Shimizu, Morio Toyoshima
Quantum communication and quantum cryptography are expected to enhance the transmission rate and the security (confidentiality of data transmission), respectively. We study a new scheme which can potentially bridge an intermediate region covered by these two schemes, which is referred to as quantum photonic network. The basic framework is information theoretically secure communications in a free space optical (FSO) wiretap channel, in which an eavesdropper has physically limited access to the main channel between the legitimate sender and receiver...
August 6, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647639/flow-reduction-aided-thrombin-injection-for-complex-femoral-pseudoaneurysms-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Nandakumar Menon, Charles B Drucker, Abhishek Bhardwaj, Richa Kalsi, Robert S Crawford, Rajabrata Sarkar, Shahab Toursavadkohi
We describe a series of 4 patients with complex femoral pseudoaneuryms including short, wide necks that were successfully managed with a combination of proximal endovascular balloon occlusion and percutaneous thrombin injection. Contralateral femoral access was used to place an occlusion balloon proximal to or across the lesion and thrombin was injected directly into the pseudoaneurysm under ultrasound guidance. All patients recovered from their procedures without incident and are free from recurrence at follow-up...
June 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637368/emergency-ureteral-stone-treatment-score-predicts-outcomes-of-ureteroscopic-intervention-in-acute-obstructive-uropathy-secondary-to-urolithiasis
#19
Timothy Y Tran, Natalia Hernandez Bustos, Avinash Kambadakone, Brian Eisner, Gyan Pareek
INTRODUCTION: Immediate ureteroscopic treatment for patients presenting to the emergency room with symptomatic ureterolithiasis is more commonly being utilized. Recent reports demonstrate good efficacy for emergency ureteroscopy (URS); however, preoperative predictors of treatment success have not been described. In this study, we report our multicenter experience with emergency URS and identify predictors of successful treatment. We also describe the Emergency Ureteral Stone Treatment (EUST) score, which integrates these predictors and stratifies patients into those that are likely and unlikely to have successful treatment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635566/stone-size-is-a-predictor-for-residual-stone-and-multiple-procedures-of-endoscopic-combined-intrarenal-surgery
#20
Shimpei Yamashita, Yasuo Kohjimoto, Akinori Iba, Kazuro Kikkawa, Isao Hara
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of treatment results after endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 75 patients with renal stones who underwent ECIRS and a preoperative non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) examination. The stone-free rate (SFR), number of primary procedures and perioperative complications were investigated, and the predictors contributing to these three outcomes were analyzed...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
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