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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732400/solar-photocatalytic-disinfection-of-agricultural-pathogenic-fungi-curvularia-sp-in-real-urban-wastewater
#1
Yelitza Aguas, Margarita Hincapie, Pilar Fernández-Ibáñez, María Inmaculada Polo-López
The interest in developing alternative water disinfection methods that increase the access to irrigation water free of pathogens for agricultural purposes is increasing in the last decades. Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) have been demonstrated to be very efficient for the abatement of several kind of pathogens in contaminated water. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate and compare the capability of several solar AOPs for the inactivation of resistant spores of agricultural fungi. Solar photoassisted H2O2, solar photo-Fenton at acid and near-neutral pH, and solar heterogeneous photocatalysis using TiO2, with and without H2O2, have been studied for the inactivation of spores of Curvularia sp...
July 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731639/exploring-family-home-food-environments-household-resources-needed-to-utilise-weekly-deliveries-of-free-fruits-and-vegetables
#2
Sophie A Carty, Louise A Mainvil, John D Coveney
AIM: An adapted ethnographic approach was used to explore household factors that influence family fruit and vegetable consumption when access and cost barriers are removed. 'Structural' barriers, such as food affordability and accessibility, are likely to influence fruit and vegetable consumption in disadvantaged households, but households may require additional resources (human and social) to increase consumption. METHODS: Five low-income and five high-income households with children (N = 39 individuals) were observed in their home environment for three months...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729549/des-tomato-a-knowledge-exploration-system-focused-on-tomato-species
#3
Adil Salhi, Sónia Negrão, Magbubah Essack, Mitchell J L Morton, Salim Bougouffa, Rozaimi Razali, Aleksandar Radovanovic, Benoit Marchand, Maxat Kulmanov, Robert Hoehndorf, Mark Tester, Vladimir B Bajic
Tomato is the most economically important horticultural crop used as a model to study plant biology and particularly fruit development. Knowledge obtained from tomato research initiated improvements in tomato and, being transferrable to other such economically important crops, has led to a surge of tomato-related research and published literature. We developed DES-TOMATO knowledgebase (KB) for exploration of information related to tomato. Information exploration is enabled through terms from 26 dictionaries and combination of these terms...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729322/feasibility-of-a-uk-community-based-etherapy-mental-health-service-in-greater-manchester-repeated-measures-and-between-groups-study-of-living-life-to-the-full-interactive-sleepio-and-breaking-free-online-at-self-help-services
#4
Sarah Elison, Jonathan Ward, Chris Williams, Colin Espie, Glyn Davies, Stephanie Dugdale, Kathryn Ragan, Leanne Chisnall, Nicky Lidbetter, Keith Smith
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence to support the effectiveness of eTherapies for mental health, although limited data have been reported from community-based services. Therefore, this service evaluation reports on feasibility and outcomes from an eTherapy mental health service. SETTING: 'Self Help Services', an Increasing Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) eTherapy service in Greater Manchester. PARTICIPANTS: 1068 service users referred to the service for secondary care for their mental health difficulties...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728380/effects-of-different-space-allowances-on-growth-performance-blood-profile-and-pork-quality-in-a-grow-to-finish-production-system
#5
J C Jang, X H Jin, J S Hong, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the optimal space allowance on growth performance, blood profile and pork quality of growing-finishing pigs. Methods: A total of ninety crossbred pigs ([Yorkshire x Landrace] x Duroc, 30.25 ± 1.13 kg) were allocated into three treatments (0.96: four pigs / pen, 0.96 m2/pig; 0.80: five pigs / pen, 0.80 m2/pig; 0.69: six pigs / pen, 0.69 m2/pig) in a randomized complete block (RCB) design. Pigs were housed in balanced sex and had free access to feed in all phases for 14 weeks (growing phase I, growing phase II, finishing phase I and finishing phase II)...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728008/pen-on-paper-strategy-for-point-of-care-testing-rapid-prototyping-of-fully-written-microfluidic-biosensor
#6
Zedong Li, Fei Li, Yue Xing, Zhi Liu, Minli You, Yingchun Li, Ting Wen, Zhiguo Qu, Xiao Ling Li, Feng Xu
Paper-based microfluidic biosensors have recently attracted increasing attentions in point-of-care testing (POCT) territories benefiting from their affordable, accessible and eco-friendly features, where technologies for fabricating such biosensors are preferred to be equipment free, easy-to-operate and capable of rapid prototyping. In this work, we developed a pen-on-paper (PoP) strategy based on two custom-made pens, i.e., a wax pen and a conductive-ink pen, to fully write paper-based microfluidic biosensors through directly writing both microfluidic channels and electrodes...
July 1, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727431/pd-catalyzed-iodide-promoted-%C3%AE-arylation-of-ketones-for-the-regioselective-synthesis-of-isocoumarins
#7
Alessandra Casnati, Raimondo Maggi, Giovanni Maestri, Nicola Della Ca', Elena Motti
A variety of isocoumarins have been synthesized directly from 2-halobenzoates and ketones through a palladium-catalyzed α-arylation step followed by an intramolecular cyclization process. The addition of iodide anions to the reaction mixture increased yields and selectivities especially when 2-bromobenzoates were employed. This phosphine-free one-pot synthesis features a high functional group tolerance and gives access to richly decorated isocoumarins. This general methodology was successful in the total synthesis of Xyridin A, an important natural product with antibacterial and antifungal activity...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727425/the-database-and-bioinformatics-studies-of-probiotics
#8
Lin Tao, Bohua Wang, Yafen Zhong, Siok Hoon Pow, Xian Zeng, Chu Qin, Peng Zhang, Shangying Chen, Weidong He, Ying Tan, Hongxia Liu, Yuyang Jiang, Weiping Chen, Yu Zong Chen
Probiotics have been widely explored for health benefits, animal cares, and agricultural applications. Recent advances in microbiome, microbiota and microbial dark matter research have fueled greater interests in and paved ways for the study of the mechanisms of probiotics and the discovery of new probiotics from uncharacterized microbial sources. A probiotics database named PROBIO was developed to facilitate these efforts and the need for the information of the known probiotics, which provides the comprehensive information about the probiotic functions of 448 marketed, 167 clinical trial/field trial and 382 research probiotics for use or being studied for use in humans, animals, and plants...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727383/outcomes-of-miniaturized-percutaneous-nephrolitotomy-in-infants-single-centre-experience
#9
Eyyup Sabri Pelit, Bülent Kati, Cengiz Çanakci, Süleyman Sağir, Halil Çiftçi
OBJECTIVES: The present study was aim to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Mini-PNL to treat kidney stones in patients aged <3 years. This is the one of the largest series in the literature in this age group of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From May 2012 to April 2016, the medical records of 74 infant patients who underwent mini-PNL for renal stones were reviewed retrospectively. All infants were evaluated with the plain abdominal radiograph, urinary ultrasound, noncontrast computerized tomography and/or intravenous urogram...
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727093/effects-of-intravenous-lipopolysaccharide-administration-on-feed-intake-ruminal-forage-degradability-and-liquid-parameters-and-physiological-responses-in-beef-cattle
#10
K D Lippolis, R F Cooke, K M Schubach, R S Marques, D W Bohnert
This experiment compared DMI, ruminal forage degradability, and liquid parameters as well as physiological responses in beef cattle receiving a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge or not. Eight ruminally cannulated Angus × Hereford steers (485 ± 16 kg BW) were housed in individual pens on d -7, ranked by BW, and allocated to 1 of 2 treatments administered on d 0: 1) an intravenous (i.v.) bolus dose (0.5 μg/kg of BW, diluted in 5 mL of 0.9% sterile saline) of bacterial LPS ( 0111:B4) or 2) a 5-mL i.v. injection of 0...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727036/supplementation-of-glycerol-or-fructose-via-drinking-water-to-grazing-lambs-on-tissue-glycogen-level-and-lipogenesis
#11
G Volpi-Lagreca, S K Duckett
Lambs ( = 18; 40.1 ± 7.4 kg BW) were used to assess supplementation of glycerol or fructose via drinking water on growth, tissue glycogen levels, postmortem glycolysis, and lipogenesis. Lambs were blocked by BW and allocated to alfalfa paddocks (2 lambs/paddock and 3 paddocks/treatment). Each paddock within a block was assigned randomly to drinking water treatments for 30 d: 1) control (CON), 2) 120 g fructose/L of drinking water (FRU), or 3) 120 g glycerol/L of drinking water (GLY). Lambs grazed alfalfa with free access to water treatments for 28 d and then were fasted in indoor pens for a final 2 d with access to only water treatments...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726763/cloning-and-characterization-of-thshrs-and-thscr-transcription-factors-in-taxodium-hybrid-zhongshanshan-406
#12
Zhiquan Wang, Yunlong Yin, Jianfeng Hua, Wencai Fan, Chaoguang Yu, Lei Xuan, Fangyuan Yu
Among the GRAS family of transcription factors, SHORT ROOT (SHR) and SCARECROW (SCR) are key regulators of the formation of root tissues. In this study, we isolated and characterized two genes encoding SHR proteins and one gene encoding an SCR protein: ThSHR1 (Accession Number MF045148), ThSHR2 (Accession Number MF045149) and ThSCR (Accession Number MF045152) in the adventitious roots of Taxodium hybrid 'Zhongshanshan'. Gene structure analysis indicated that ThSHR1, ThSHR2 and ThSCR are all intron free. Multiple protein sequence alignments showed that each of the corresponding proteins, ThSHR1, ThSHR2 and ThSCR, contained five well-conserved domains: leucine heptad repeat I (LHRI), the VHIID motif, leucine heptad repeat II (LHR II), the PFYRE motif, and the SAW motif...
July 20, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726735/ranging-behaviour-of-commercial-free-range-broiler-chickens-2-individual-variation
#13
Peta S Taylor, Paul H Hemsworth, Peter J Groves, Sabine G Gebhardt-Henrich, Jean-Loup Rault
Little is known about broiler chicken ranging behaviour. Previous studies have monitored ranging behaviour at flock level but whether individual ranging behaviour varies within a flock is unknown. Using Radio Frequency Identification technology, we tracked 1200 individual ROSS 308 broiler chickens across four mixed sex flocks in two seasons on one commercial farm. Ranging behaviour was tracked from first day of range access (21 days of age) until 35 days of age in winter flocks and 44 days of age in summer flocks...
July 20, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726734/ranging-behaviour-of-commercial-free-range-broiler-chickens-1-factors-related-to-flock-variability
#14
Peta S Taylor, Paul H Hemsworth, Peter J Groves, Sabine G Gebhardt-Henrich, Jean-Loup Rault
Little is known about the ranging behaviour of chickens. Understanding ranging behaviour is required to improve management and shed and range design to ensure optimal ranging opportunities. Using Radio Frequency Identification technology, we tracked 300 individual broiler chickens in each of four mixed sex ROSS 308 flocks on one commercial farm across two seasons. Ranging behaviour was tracked from the first day of range access (21 days of age) until 35 days of age in winter and 44 days of age in summer. Range use was higher than previously reported from scan sampling studies...
July 20, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726108/why-does-the-bioluminescent-fungus-armillaria-mellea-have-luminous-mycelium-but-nonluminous-fruiting-body
#15
K V Purtov, V N Petushkov, N S Rodionova, J I Gitelson
By determining the components involved in the bioluminescence process in luminous and nonluminous organs of the honey fungus Armillaria mellea, we have established causes of partial luminescence of this fungus. The complete set of enzymes and substrates required for bioluminescence is formed only in the mycelium and only under the conditions of free oxygen access. Since the synthesis of luciferin precursor (hispidin) and 3-hydroxyhispidin hydroxylase in the fruiting bodies is blocked, the formation of luciferin-the key component of fungal bioluminescent system-was not observed...
May 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724559/identification-of-leishmania-by-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry-using-a-free-web-based-application-and-a-dedicated-mass-spectral-library
#16
Laurence Lachaud, Anna Fernández-Arévalo, Anne Cécile Normand, Patrick Lami, Cécile Nabet, Jean Luc Donnadieu, Martine Piarroux, Farid Djenad, Carole Cassagne, Christophe Ravel, Silvia Tebar, Teresa Llovet, Denis Blanchet, Magalie Demar, Zoubir Harrat, Karim Aoun, Patrick Bastien, Carmen Muñoz, Montserrat Gállego, Renaud Piarroux
Human leishmaniasis are widely spread diseases with different clinical forms caused by about 20 species within the Leishmania genus. Leishmania species identification is relevant for therapeutic management and prognosis, especially for cutaneous and muco-cutaneous forms. Several methods are available to identify Leishmania species from culture, but they have not been standardized for the majority of the currently described species, with the exception of MultiLocus Enzyme Electrophoresis. Moreover, these techniques are expensive, time-consuming and not available in all laboratories...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724475/blood-profile-and-meat-quality-of-holstein-friesian-steers-finished-on-total-mixed-ration-or-flaxseed-oil-supplemented-pellet-mixed-with-reed-canary-grass-haylage
#17
D T Utama, S G Lee, K H Baek, W S Chung, I A Chung, D I Kim, G Y Kim, S K Lee
Holstein-Friesian steer beef production is renowned globally as a secondary product of the milk industry. Grass feeding is a common practice in raising Holstein steers because of its low cost. Furthermore, grass feeding is an alternative way to produce beef with a balanced n-6 to n-3 fatty acids (FAs) ratio. However, the performance and meat quality of Holstein-Friesian cattle is more likely to depend on a high-quality diet. The aim of this study was to observe whether feeding two mixed diets; a corn-based total mixed ration (TMR) with winter ryegrass (Lolium perenne) or flaxseed oil-supplemented pellets with reed canary grass haylage (n-3 mix) provided benefits on carcass weight, meat quality and FA composition compared with cattle fed with reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) haylage alone...
July 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724244/evaluating-mercury-concentrations-and-body-condition-in-american-alligators-alligator-mississippiensis-at-merritt-island-national-wildlife-refuge-minwr-florida
#18
Frances M Nilsen, Jonathan E Dorsey, Russell H Lowers, Louis J Guillette, Stephen E Long, John A Bowden, Tracey B Schock
Concentrations of mercury (Hg) are not well studied in free-ranging wildlife. Atmospheric deposition patterns of Hg have been studied in detail and have been modeled for both global and specific locations and often correlate to environmental impact. However, monitoring the impact of Hg deposition in wildlife is complicated due to local environmental conditions that can affect the transformation of atmospheric Hg to the biologically available forms (e.g., rainfall, humidity, pH, the ability of the environment to methylate Hg), as well as affect the accessibility to organisms for sampling...
July 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723233/treatment-patterns-and-clinical-outcomes-with-pazopanib-in-patients-with-advanced-soft-tissue-sarcomas-in-a-compassionate-use-setting-results-of-the-spire-study
#19
Hans Gelderblom, Ian R Judson, Charlotte Benson, Ofer Merimsky, Giovanni Grignani, Daniela Katz, Klaus W Freivogel, Dara Stein, Minesh Jobanputra, Arron Mungul, Stephanie C Manson, Roberta Sanfilippo
BACKGROUND: A named patient program (NPP) was designed to provide patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcoma (aSTS) access to pazopanib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor. The SPIRE study was a retrospective chart review of participating patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligibility criteria for the NPP and SPIRE mirrored those of the pivotal phase-III study, PALETTE, which compared pazopanib with placebo in patients ≥18 years with aSTS and whose disease had progressed during or following prior chemotherapy or were otherwise unsuitable for chemotherapy...
July 19, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723230/retrograde-endourological-management-of-upper-urinary-tract-abnormalities-in-patients-with-ileal-conduit-urinary-diversion-a-dual-center-experience
#20
Louise Olson, Hywel Satherley, Paul Cleaveland, Bachar Zelhof, Max Mokete, Donald Neilson, Shalom Srirangam
INTRODUCTION: Patients with ileal conduit urinary diversions are at an increased risk of long-term upper urinary tract (UUT) complications, including anastomotic strictures, infections, and urolithiasis. The reconstructed urinary system poses challenges for endoscopic manipulation. We present and describe our dual-center experience in performing retrograde ureteroscopy to treat or diagnose UUT abnormalities in patients with ileal conduit incontinent diversion. PATIENT AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of medical records for all patients with previous urinary diversion who underwent retrograde ureteroscopic procedures via the ileal loop in our institutions over a 9 year period (between June 2007 and August 2016)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Endourology
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