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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229855/-how-can-we-achieve-balanced-communication-to-be-clearer-more-exhaustive-and-more-efficient-what-techniques-are-needed
#1
Michel Bartala
INTRODUCTION: Patient/practitioner communication plays a major role in the acceptance of treatment. Since the Kouchner law in France, patients must be allowed to give their free and informed consent and to be made aware of all the available therapies given their situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Practitioners have nowadays access to a range of aids enabling them to present the treatments they envisage as thoroughly as possible, exposed by the author in this article...
March 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228178/the-state-of-emergency-medical-services-ems-systems-in-africa
#2
Nee-Kofi Mould-Millman, Julia M Dixon, Nana Sefa, Arthur Yancey, Bonaventure G Hollong, Mohamed Hagahmed, Adit A Ginde, Lee A Wallis
: Introduction Little is known about the existence, distribution, and characteristics of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) systems in Africa, or the corresponding epidemiology of prehospital illness and injury. METHODS: A survey was conducted between 2013 and 2014 by distributing a detailed EMS system questionnaire to experts in paper and electronic versions. The questionnaire ascertained EMS systems' jurisdiction, operations, finance, clinical care, resources, and regulatory environment...
February 23, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226474/estimation-of-arterio-venous-access-blood-flow-in-hemodialysis-patients-using-video-image-processing-technique
#3
Fansan Zhu, Schantel Williams, Hannah Putnam, Israel Campos, Jie Ma, Camille Johnson, Franz Kappel, Peter Kotanko, Fansan Zhu, Schantel Williams, Hannah Putnam, Israel Campos, Jie Ma, Camille Johnson, Franz Kappel, Peter Kotanko, Jie Ma, Israel Campos, Peter Kotanko, Schantel Williams, Franz Kappel, Fansan Zhu, Hannah Putnam, Camille Johnson
Assessment of arterio-venous fistula (AVF) blood flow (ABF) is vital in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Currently, no non-invasive and contact-free technique is available to accurately measure ABF in routine clinical practice. In this study, we developed a novel approach using video image processing (VIP) to measure the change in optic flow in the skin. We the tested the hypothesis that the change in optical flow, expressed as the change in pixels between consecutive frames, is related to ABF. We recorded AVF videos in 40 HD patients using a digital camera and processed them by VIP technique...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225287/-predatory-journals-how-their-publishers-operate-and-how-to-avoid-them
#4
Jiří Kratochvíl, Lukáš Plch
Authors who publish in scientific or scholarly journals today face the risk of publishing in so-called predatory journals. These journals exploit the noble idea of the Open Access movement, whose goal is to make the latest scientific findings available for free. Predatory journals, unlike the reputable ones working on an Open Access basis, neglect the review process and publish low-quality submissions. The basic attributes of predatory journals are a very quick review process or even none at all, failure to be transparent about author fees for publishing an article, misleading potential authors by imitating the names of well-established journals, and false information on indexing in renowned databases or assigned impact factor...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225218/synthesis-of-n-n-dialkylamino-nor-dihydroxanthene-hemicyanine-fused-near-infrared-fluorophores-and-their-first-water-soluble-and-or-bioconjugatable-analogues
#5
Jean-Alexandre Richard, Michelle Jui Hsien Ong, Sylvain Debieu, Mathieu Moreau, Anthony Romieu
The effective synthesis of extended conjugated N,N-dialkylamino-nor-dihydroxanthene-based fluorophores is described from diversely functionalized salicylic aldehydes. The access to these original fluorescent derivatives proceeded in two steps through a one-pot construction of the unusual nor-dihydroxanthene (nor-DHX) scaffold followed by a diversification step providing a wide variety of nor-DHX-hemicyanine fused dyes emitting in the range 730-790 nm. The versatility of our approach has enabled a further extension to the late-stage introduction of negatively/positively charged polar groups onto their terminal nitrogen heterocyclic subunit giving access to the first water-soluble and/or bioconjugatable members of this emerging class of NIR fluorophores...
February 22, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224458/bridging-the-training-practice-gap-in-interprofessional-student-supervision
#6
Priya Martin, Saravana Kumar, LuJuana Abernathy
BACKGROUND: Workforce recruitment and retention issues are common in highly dispersed regions such as Queensland in Australia. Provision of student placements in these non-metropolitan areas is one way of promoting staff recruitment. However, healthcare professionals in these areas face a number of challenges in accessing training opportunities including student supervision training. Funding was made available to develop and run a series of targeted, evidence-based, interprofessional student supervision workshops in non-metropolitan Queensland...
February 21, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223951/speechreading-in-deaf-adults-with-cochlear-implants-evidence-for-perceptual-compensation
#7
Hannah Pimperton, Amelia Ralph-Lewis, Mairéad MacSweeney
Previous research has provided evidence for a speechreading advantage in congenitally deaf adults compared to hearing adults. A 'perceptual compensation' account of this finding proposes that prolonged early onset deafness leads to a greater reliance on visual, as opposed to auditory, information when perceiving speech which in turn results in superior visual speech perception skills in deaf adults. In the current study we tested whether previous demonstrations of a speechreading advantage for profoundly congenitally deaf adults with hearing aids, or no amplificiation, were also apparent in adults with the same deafness profile but who have experienced greater access to the auditory elements of speech via a cochlear implant (CI)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223134/investigation-of-activity-and-stability-of-papain-by-adsorption-on-multi-wall-carbon-nanotubes
#8
Ahmad Homaei, Fayezeh Samari
Papain was non- covalently immobilized on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Its stabilities and catalytic activity for casein degradation were comprehensively investigated. Compared to free papain, the nano- enzyme exhibited significantly improved thermal, pH and recycling stability. Comparisons of the kinetic parameters between free papain and the heterogeneous enzyme revealed that the Km value of the immobilized papain experienced a slight increase, which suggested that the MWCNTs did not significantly hinder papain's access to substrate or release of product...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222927/coping-with-the-enduring-unpredictability-of-opioid-addiction-an-investigation-of-a-novel-family-focused-peer-support-organization
#9
John F Kelly, Nilo Fallah-Sohy, Julie Cristello, Brandon Bergman
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose deaths have become a major public health crisis. While efforts have focused mostly on helping opioid-addicted individuals directly, family members suffer also from the grave and enduring unpredictability associated with opioid addiction and often play a vital role in helping addicted loved ones access care. Little is known, however, about resources to help affected family members. Here we describe results from the first quantitative and qualitative investigation of a free and growing support organization for family members of addicted individuals ("Learn to Cope" [LTC]; www...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222724/financial-barriers-and-coping-strategies-a-qualitative-study-of-accessing-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-and-tuberculosis-care-in-yunnan-china
#10
C Hutchison, M S Khan, J Yoong, X Lin, R J Coker
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug-resistance tuberculosis (MDR-TB) pose serious challenges to global health, particularly in China, which has the second highest case burden in the world. Disparities in access to care for the poorest, rural TB patients may be exacerbated for MDR-TB patients, although this has not been investigated widely. We examine whether certain patient groups experience different barriers to accessing TB services, whether there are added challenges for patients with MDR-TB, and how patients and health providers cope in Yunnan, a mountainous province in China with a largely rural population and high TB burden...
February 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222058/classifiers-for-accelerometer-measured-behaviors-in-older-women
#11
Dori Rosenberg, Suneeta Godbole, Katherine Ellis, Chongzhi DI, Andrea Lacroix, Loki Natarajan, Jacqueline Kerr
PURPOSE: Machine learning methods could better improve the detection of specific types of physical activities and sedentary behaviors from accelerometer data. No studies in older populations have developed and tested algorithms for walking and sedentary time in free-living daily life. Our goal was to rectify this gap by leveraging access to data from two studies in older women. METHODS: In study 1, algorithms were developed and tested in a sample of older women (N = 39, age range = 55-96 yr) in the field...
March 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221391/intramolecular-minisci-acylation-under-silver-free-neutral-conditions-for-the-synthesis-of-azafluorenones-and-fluorenones
#12
Joydev K Laha, Ketul V Patel, Gurudutt Dubey, Krupal P Jethava
Despite its synthetic potential, intramolecular acylation by the Minisci reaction remains unexplored. The development of a new intramolecular Minisci acylation under silver-free neutral conditions providing access to azafluorenones and fluorenones is described. Distinct from the current literature known approaches for Minisci acylation, the report described herein features a method that: (a) avoids the use of silver that is invariably used in Minisci acylation, (b) does not require any acidic conditions for the activation of pyridines, and...
February 21, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221155/super-mini-pcnl-smp-material-indications-technique-advantages-and-results
#13
Zhijian Zhao, Aierken Tuerxu, Yongda Liu, Wenqi Wu, Abulizi Simayi, Wen Zhong, Wenzhong Chen, Abudukahaer Batuer, Guohua Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To introduce an emerging technique termed 'super-mini- percutaneous nephrolithotomy' (SMP) and describe its application in practice. METHODS: We described the technique of SMP in the treatment of renal stones with emphasis on the material, indications, technique procedure, advantages, and results. RESULTS: SMP refers to a 7 Ch. nephroscope placed through a 10-14 Ch. metal access sheath with functions of both irrigation and suction-evacuation, to achieve stone fragmentation via laser or pneumatic lithotripsy...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221154/prospective-outcomes-of-11-13ch-ultra-mini-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-ump-a-consecutive-cohort-study
#14
Janak D Desai
: Ultra mini PCNL (UMP) has been described as a less invasive technique of PCNL for the treatment of small to medium sized stones in attempt to reduce the surgical morbidity. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate prospectively the outcomes of UMP. METHODS: Single surgeon prospective concurrent cohort study of UMP in India. Effectiveness was assessed by stone-free rates, operative time, complications including transfusion, sepsis rates, length of stay and analgesic requirements...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221150/-current-results-of-rirs-and-comparison-with-pcnl
#15
José Luis Palmero Martí, Amparo Ganau Ituren, Lorena Valls González
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article is to show the current situation regarding two surgical techniques for the treatment of renal lithiasis, RIRS (Retrograde intrarenal surgery) and PCNL (Percutaneous nephrolithotomy), specially concerning the larger size stones. We perform a literature review on the topic and add the experience with both techniques at our center. Besides, we also analyze the role of RIRS in comparison with the percutaneous techniques in smaller size lithiasis. METHODS: We review the results obtained in the literature and our experience...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220856/prognostic-value-of-cancer-stem-cell-markers-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#16
Zhaona Fan, Mianxiang Li, Xiaobing Chen, Juan Wang, Xueyi Liang, Hongfei Wang, Zhi Wang, Bin Cheng, Juan Xia
Bmi-1, CD133, Nanog and Oct-4 have been reported as cancer stem cell (CSC) markers in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, the prognostic value of them in HNSCC remains controversial. Hence, this meta-analysis was conducted to access the association between the four CSC markers and survival outcome of HNSCC patients. A total of 22 articles with 27 studies met the inclusion criteria and the combined hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. Data analysis showed that high expression of CSC markers was associated with poor overall survival (OS) (HR = 1...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220855/extending-calibration-free-force-measurements-to-optically-trapped-rod-shaped-samples
#17
Frederic Català, Ferran Marsà, Mario Montes-Usategui, Arnau Farré, Estela Martín-Badosa
Optical trapping has become an optimal choice for biological research at the microscale due to its non-invasive performance and accessibility for quantitative studies, especially on the forces involved in biological processes. However, reliable force measurements depend on the calibration of the optical traps, which is different for each experiment and hence requires high control of the local variables, especially of the trapped object geometry. Many biological samples have an elongated, rod-like shape, such as chromosomes, intracellular organelles (e...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220589/pcnl-access-by-urologist-or-interventional-radiologist-practice-and-outcomes-in-the-united-kingdom
#18
James N Armitage, John Withington, Sarah Fowler, William Jg Finch, Neil A Burgess, Stuart O Irving, Jonathan Glass, Oliver J Wiseman
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Obtaining percutaneous access to the renal collecting system is fundamental to safe and effective percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Practice varies between countries, hospitals and individual surgeons as to whether access is obtained by a urologist or an interventional radiologist (IR). We compared outcomes of urologist versus IR tracts in the contemporary UK setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data submitted to the British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) PCNL data registry between 2009 and 2015 were analysed according to whether access was obtained by a urologist or an IR...
February 20, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220414/quantitative-analysis-of-ligand-induced-endocytosis-of-flagellin-sensing-2-using-automated-image-segmentation
#19
Michelle E Leslie, Antje Heese
Plants are equipped with a suite of plant pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that must be properly trafficked to and from the plasma membrane (PM), which serves as the host-pathogen interface, for robust detection of invading pathogenic microbes. Recognition of bacterial flagellin, or the derived peptide flg22, is facilitated by the PM-localized PRR, FLAGELLIN SENSING 2 (FLS2). Upon flg22 binding, FLS2 is rapidly internalized from the PM into endosomal compartments and subsequently degraded. To understand better the integration of FLS2 endocytosis and signaling outputs, we developed methods for the quantitative analysis of FLS2 trafficking using freely available bioimage informatic tools...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219976/the-effects-of-tobacco-control-policies-on-retailer-sales-to-minors-in-the-usa-2015
#20
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
BACKGROUND: Under the 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act , the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been routinely inspecting tobacco retailers' compliance with under-age sales laws. We seek to identify factors associated with Retail Violation Rate for sale to minors (RVRm). METHODS: We collected the tobacco retailer inspection data for 2015 from the FDA compliance check database. RVRm was calculated at the census tract level and overlaid with tobacco regulations and youth smoking prevalence at the state level...
February 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
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