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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222018/analytical-performance-and-diagnostic-accuracy-of-six-different-faecal-calprotectin-assays-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
Matthijs Oyaert, An Boel, Julie Jacobs, Stefanie Van den Bremt, Maxime De Sloovere, Hilde Vanpoucke, Lieve Van Hoovels
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the analytical performance of six different faecal calprotectin immunoassays together with their diagnostic accuracy in the discrimination between functional and organic bowel disorders. METHODS: The faecal samples were obtained from inflammatory bowel disease patients (n=27) at the time of diagnosis [Crohn's disease (n=15), colitis ulcerosa (n=12)], gastroenterologic disease control patients (n=52) and rheumatologic disease control patients (n=26)...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221689/jgh-open-a-new-open-access-journal-for-gastroenterology-and-hepatology
#2
EDITORIAL
M Robertson, M Watanabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217843/association-between-gastric-cancer-and-the-kyoto-classification-of-gastritis
#3
Satoki Shichijo, Yoshihiro Hirata, Ryota Niikura, Yoku Hayakawa, Atsuo Yamada, Kazuhiko Koike
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Histological gastritis is associated with gastric cancer, but its diagnosis requires biopsy. Many classifications of endoscopic gastritis are available, but not all are useful for risk stratification of gastric cancer. The Kyoto Classification of Gastritis was proposed at the 85th Congress of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society. This cross-sectional study evaluated the usefulness of the Kyoto Classification of Gastritis for risk stratification of gastric cancer...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217756/translational-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-is-now-indexed-in-pubmed-pmc-a-tremendous-step-forward
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Transl Gastroenterol Hepatol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216996/busman-s-stomach-and-the-embodiment-of-modernity
#5
Rhodri Hayward
This paper examines the relationship between the gastric illness, 'busman's stomach' and the Coronation bus strike of May 1937 in which 27,000 London busworkers walked out for better working conditions and a seven-and-half-hour day. It explores the way in which new patterns of somatisation, gastroenterological techniques, psychological theories and competing understandings of time worked together to create new political institutions and new forms of political action in inter-war Britain.
January 2, 2017: Contemporary British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216976/correlation-of-transient-elastography-with-hepatic-venous-pressure-gradient-in-patients-with-cirrhotic-portal-hypertension-a-study-of-326-patients-from-india
#6
Ashish Kumar, Noor Muhammad Khan, Shrihari Anil Anikhindi, Praveen Sharma, Naresh Bansal, Vikas Singla, Anil Arora
AIM: To study the diagnostic accuracy of transient elastography (TE) for detecting clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH) in Indian patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Institute of Liver, Gastroenterology, and Pancreatico-Biliary Sciences, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, on consecutive patients with cirrhosis greater than 15 years of age who underwent hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) and TE from July 2011 to May 2016...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216189/rotavirus-immunization-global-coverage-and-local-barriers-for-implementation
#7
Andrea Lo Vecchio, Ilaria Liguoro, Jorge Amil Dias, James A Berkley, Chris Boey, Mitchell B Cohen, Sylvia Cruchet, Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Samir Podder, Bhupinder Sandhu, Philip M Sherman, Toshiaki Shimizu, Alfredo Guarino
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) is a major agent of gastroenteritis and an important cause of child death worldwide. Immunization (RVI) has been available since 2006, and the Federation of International Societies of Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) identified RVI as a top priority for the control of diarrheal illness. A FISPGHAN working group on acute diarrhea aimed at estimating the current RVI coverage worldwide and identifying barriers to implementation at local level...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215517/rifaximin-and-diverticular-disease-position-paper-of-the-italian-society-of-gastroenterology-sige
#8
Rosario Cuomo, Giovanni Barbara, Bruno Annibale
Management of diverticular disease has significantly improved in the last decade. Antibiotic treatment is used for symptom relief and prevention of complications. In Italy, the non-absorbable antibiotic rifaximin is one of the most frequently used drugs, and it is perceived as the reference drug to treat symptomatic diverticular disease. Its non-systemic absorption and high faecal concentrations have oriented rifaximin use to the gastrointestinal tract, where rifaximin exerts eubiotic effects representing an additional value to its antibiotic activity...
February 1, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214950/surgery-for-metastatic-tumors-of-the-pancreas
#9
Taisuke Yagi, Daisuke Hashimoto, Katsunobu Taki, Kensuke Yamamura, Akira Chikamoto, Masaki Ohmuraya, Toru Beppu, Hideo Baba
Metastatic lesion of the pancreas originated from other organs is uncommon. The aim of this report was to evaluate the outcome of surgery in patients with isolated metastases to the pancreas. Nine patients underwent pancreatic resection for metastatic malignant disease from 2000 to 2015 at the Department of Gastroenterological Surgery of the Kumamoto University Hospital. The primary lesion was renal cell carcinoma in 7 cases, colon cancer in 1 and malignant melanoma in 1. The median interval from the initial operation to pancreatic resection was 138 months...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214143/retrospective-study-of-candida-sp-contaminations-of-endoscopes-at-the-university-hospital-of-tlemcen-algeria
#10
REVIEW
I Hassaine-Lahfa, Z Boucherit-Otmani, L Sari-Belkherroubi, K Boucherit
BACKGROUND: Improper cleaning and disinfection of endoscopes has been responsible for multiple nosocomial outbreaks and sometimes serious life-threatening infections. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is, at first, to identify Candida species responsible for the contamination of endoscopes, and to determine the minimal inhibitory concentrations of planktonic (MIC) and sessile cells (SMIC) of amphotericin B (AmB) against our isolated strains. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was performed on four endoscopes in the department of gastroenterology at the University Hospital of Tlemcen (Algeria)...
February 14, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214091/multidonor-intensive-faecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-active-ulcerative-colitis-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Sudarshan Paramsothy, Michael A Kamm, Nadeem O Kaakoush, Alissa J Walsh, Johan van den Bogaerde, Douglas Samuel, Rupert W L Leong, Susan Connor, Watson Ng, Ramesh Paramsothy, Wei Xuan, Enmoore Lin, Hazel M Mitchell, Thomas J Borody
BACKGROUND: The intestinal microbiota is implicated in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis. Faecal microbiota transplantation is a novel form of therapeutic microbial manipulation, but its efficacy in ulcerative colitis is uncertain. We aimed to establish the efficacy of intensive-dosing, multidonor, faecal microbiota transplantation in active ulcerative colitis. METHODS: We conducted a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial at three hospitals in Australia...
February 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212977/challenges-facing-independent-integrated-gastroenterology%C3%A2-2017
#12
Fred B Rosenberg, Lawrence S Kim, Scott R Ketover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210708/evaluation-of-aga-and-fukuoka-guidelines-for-eus-and-surgical-resection-of-incidental-pancreatic-cysts
#13
Alexander Lee, Vivek Kadiyala, Linda S Lee
Objectives Management of asymptomatic pancreatic cysts is challenging. Guidelines by the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) and International Association of Pancreatology (Fukuoka) seek to identify high-risk patients. We assessed performance of these guidelines in selecting patients for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and/or surgery. Methods PART I - We retrospectively studied 143 asymptomatic cysts with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) followed by EUS. Appropriate selection for EUS was defined as: malignant cytology or surgical pathology, or development of concerning features on MRI as defined by the guidelines...
February 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210079/%C3%AE-2-heremans-schmid-glycoprotein-fetuin-a-downregulation-and-its-utility-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#14
Anastassios C Manolakis, Gregory Christodoulidis, Andreas N Kapsoritakis, Panagiotis Georgoulias, Elisavet K Tiaka, Kostas Oikonomou, Varvara J Valotassiou, Spyros P Potamianos
AIM: To investigate the impact of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on α2-Heremans-Schmid Glycoprotein (AHSG/fetuin A) and potential associations with disease and patient characteristics. METHODS: AHSG serum levels were determined in treatment-naïve newly-diagnosed patients, 96 with ulcerative colitis (UC), 84 with Crohn's disease (CD), 62 with diarrhea-predominant or mixed irritable bowel syndrome (IBS, D- and M- types) and 180 healthy controls (HC), by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205002/prognostic-impacts-of-postoperative-complications-in-patients-with-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-after-curative-operations
#15
Tatsunori Miyata, Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Takanobu Yamao, Naoki Umezaki, Masayo Tsukamoto, Yuki Kitano, Kensuke Yamamura, Kota Arima, Takayoshi Kaida, Shigeki Nakagawa, Katsunori Imai, Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto, Takatoshi Ishiko, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: The postoperative complication is one of an indicator of poor prognosis in patients with several gastroenterological cancers after curative operations. We, herein, examined prognostic impacts of postoperative complications in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma after curative operations. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 60 patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma who underwent primary curative operations from June 2002 to February 2016...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192101/transforming-gastroenterology-care-with-telemedicine
#16
REVIEW
Corey A Siegel
Healthcare is changing rapidly, so we must change with the times to develop more efficient, practical, cost-effective and, importantly, high-quality methods to care for patients. We teach medial students that optimal patient care requires face to face interactions, to collect information on patients' history, and the physical examination. However, management of many patients-especially those with chronic diseases-does not always require physical examination. Telemedicine offers an opportunity to take advantage of technology while leveraging the progressive push towards efficiency and value, but also requires the belief that excellent patient care is not always provided in person...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183585/oblique-approach-for-ultrasound-guided-radial-artery-catheterization-vs-transverse-and-longitudinal-approaches-a-randomized-trial
#17
Usama Elsayed Mohammed Abdalla, Alaa Elmaadawey, AlRefaey Kandeel
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of using a new technique for ultrasound-guided radial artery catheterization; oblique approach; vs transverse and longitudinal views are the traditionally used approaches aiming to combine benefits and avoid drawbacks of aforementioned approaches. DESIGN: A prospective randomized nonblinded study. SETTING: Gastroenterology Center, Mansoura University, Egypt from February 2015 to August 2015. PATIENTS: One hundred twenty-six surgical and intensive care unit patients indicated for arterial catheterization...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179979/flexible-gastro-intestinal-endoscopy-clinical-challenges-and-technical-achievements
#18
REVIEW
Niehls Kurniawan, Martin Keuchel
Flexible gastro-intestinal (GI) endoscopy is an integral diagnostic and therapeutic tool in clinical gastroenterology. High quality standards for safety, patients' comfort, and efficiency have already been achieved. Clinical challenges and technical approaches are discussed in this short review. Image enhanced endoscopy for further characterization of mucosal and vascular patterns includes dye-spray or virtual chromoendoscopy. For confocal laser endoscopy, endocytoscopy, and autofluorescence clinical value has not yet been finally evaluated...
2017: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177956/optimizing-the-diagnosis-of-celiac-disease
#19
Michelle Shui Yee Lau, David Surendran Sanders
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The diagnostic approach in celiac disease is continuously evolving as our understanding of its pathophysiology improves. This review aims to provide a summary of contemporary work that supports optimization of the diagnosis of this common yet underdiagnosed condition. RECENT FINDINGS: The recently updated National Institute of Clinical Excellence and European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition guidelines and the contentious biopsy-free diagnostic approach will be discussed...
February 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176238/vitamin-d-status-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-of-the-liver-and-their-relatives-a-case-control-study-from-north-india
#20
Ravikant Kumar, Pavan Kumar, Kandarp Nath Saxena, Manjul Mishra, Vivek Kumar Mishra, Anju Kumari, Manisha Dwivedi, Sri Prakash Misra
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Liver diseases interfere with the production of the metabolites of vitamin D required for activation, thus resulting in abnormal calcium and bone metabolism. Previous studies show inconsistent results of vitamin D level in non-cholestatic liver diseases. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in cirrhosis as compared to apparently normal relatives and its relationship with etiology and severity. METHODS: One hundred and sixty cirrhotic patients attending the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, M L N Medical College, Allahabad, were enrolled, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] and calcium levels assessed...
February 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
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