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Pediatric Nutritional Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097839/nutritional-assessment-of-a-population-with-a-history-of-childhood-craniopharyngioma-seen-at-hospital-prof-dr-juan-p-garrahan
#1
Carolina Caminiti, Carola Saure, Ilanit Bomer, Mercedes Brea, Javier González Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Craniopharyngiomas are histologically benign malformations located between the pituitary and hypothalamus that may affect key hormone secretion for endocrine regulation and satiety modulation. Although this is a relatively benign disease, the combination of severe hypothalamic obesity and associated comorbidities results in a reduced quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of patients after craniopharyngioma surgery. POPULATION AND METHODS: Patients younger than 21 years old at the time of the study who required craniopharyngioma surgery at Hospital de Pediatr...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096476/accuracy-of-oxygen-consumption-and-carbon-dioxide-elimination-measurements-in-2-breath-by-breath-devices
#2
Craig D Smallwood, John N Kheir, Brian K Walsh, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND: Although accurate quantification of oxygen consumption (V̇O2 ) and carbon dioxide elimination (V̇CO2 ) provides important insights into a patient's nutritional and hemodynamic status, few devices exist to accurately measure these parameters in children. Therefore, we assessed the accuracy and agreement of 2 devices currently on the market using a pediatric in vitro model of gas exchange. METHODS: We utilized a Huszczuk simulation model, which simulates oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production using gas dilution, to examine the accuracy of two FDA-cleared respiratory modules (E-COVX and E-sCAiOVX-00)...
January 17, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096130/early-life-nutrition-and-neurodevelopment-use-of-the-piglet-as-a-translational-model
#3
REVIEW
Austin T Mudd, Ryan N Dilger
Optimal nutrition early in life is critical to ensure proper structural and functional development of infant organ systems. Although pediatric nutrition historically has emphasized research on the relation between nutrition, growth rates, and gastrointestinal maturation, efforts increasingly have focused on how nutrition influences neurodevelopment. The provision of human milk is considered the gold standard in pediatric nutrition; thus, there is interest in understanding how functional nutrients and bioactive components in milk may modulate developmental processes...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078576/feeding-problems-and-nutrient-intake-in-children-with-and-without-autism-a-comparative-study
#4
Prahbhjot Malhi, Lolam Venkatesh, Bhavneet Bharti, Pratibha Singhi
OBJECTIVE: To compare parent reported feeding difficulties and nutritional adequacy of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) to an age and socio-economically matched group of typically developing children. METHODS: The scores on Children's Eating Behavior Inventory (CEBI), three-day food records, anthropometric measures and adequacy of micro- and macro- nutrients were compared for 63 children diagnosed with ASD and 50 typically developing children enrolled from the department of pediatrics of a tertiary care teaching hospital from North India...
January 12, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074329/dietary-adequacy-of-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-to-healthy-developing-children
#5
Nagwa A Meguid, Mona Anwar, Geir Bjørklund, Adel Hashish, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Maha Hemimi, Eman Sultan
Although the etiology and pathology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is still poorly understood, a number of environmental, anthropological, neurobiological and genetic factors have been related to the pathophysiology of ASD, even the impact of oxidative stress response related to the environment and nutrition intake. Usual recommended dietary habits are based on the combination of behavioral and dietary or nutraceutical interventions together with pharmacotherapy. Investigations about a reliable relationship between diet and ASD are still lacking...
January 10, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052307/ultrashort-bowel-syndrome-outcome-in-children-treated-in-a-multidisciplinary-intestinal-rehabilitation-unit
#6
Mariela Dore, Paloma Triana Junco, Ane Andres Moreno, Vanesa Nuñez Cerezo, Martha Romo Muñoz, Alba Sánchez Galán, Alejandra Vilanova Sánchez, Gerardo Prieto, Esther Ramos, Francisco Hernandez, Leopoldo Martínez Martínez, Manuel Lopez Santamaria
Aim Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is the leading cause of intestinal failure (IF) in the pediatric population. Our aim was to review long-term outcome of ultrashort bowel syndrome (USBS) in an Intestinal Rehabilitation Unit (IRU). Patients and Methods Retrospective study of patients with USBS (defined as < 10 cm of remnant small bowel) treated between 2000 and 2015. Demographic data, clinical, and treatment variables including parenteral nutrition (PN), surgical techniques, and intestinal transplantation (IT) were analyzed...
January 4, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008218/objective-assessment-of-a-preterm-infant-s-nutritive-sucking-from-initiation-of-feeding-through-hospitalization-and-discharge
#7
Gilson J Capilouto, Tommy J Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: In 2008, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended that an infant's ability to feed independently be considered a primary consideration for discharge home. To date, NICU healthcare teams have relied on clinical experience as well as descriptive scales to determine a high risk infant's ability to transition safely from tube feeding to oral feeding. The aim of the current case study was to illustrate the clinical utility of nfant(®) Feeding Solution as a noninvasive and objective instrument for determining a neonate's readiness to begin and advance oral feeding...
2016: Neonatal Intensive Care: the Journal of Perinatology-neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923526/the-effect-of-intradialytic-intralipid-therapy-in-pediatric-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Orly Haskin, Scott M Sutherland, Cynthia J Wong
OBJECTIVE: Growth of children on maintenance hemodialysis is poor. Oral nutritional supplements are the preferred way to augment nutrition; however, many children have difficulties adhering to prescribed oral supplements. In our unit, we have been utilizing intralipid (IL) therapy as nutritional supplement during hemodialysis sessions. The aim of this study was to assess the safety, efficacy, and benefits of intradialytic IL therapy. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913773/pediatric-nutrition-assessment-anthropometrics-to-zinc
#9
Kelly Green Corkins, Erin E Teague
Pediatric patients with chronic illnesses or diseases or who require long-term nutrition support are most vulnerable to nutrition-related issues. Malnutrition in a pediatric patient may negatively affect long-term growth and development. Children also become malnourished much more quickly than adults. A comprehensive nutrition assessment that includes food and nutrition-related history, anthropometric measurements, biochemical data, medical tests and procedures, nutrition-focused physical findings, and patient history should be completed on these patients as no one parameter is a comprehensive indicator of nutrition status...
December 2, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859478/effect-of-a-new-treatment-protocol-called-functional-chewing-training-on-chewing-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
S Serel Arslan, N Demir, A A Karaduman
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of permanent sensorimotor impairments. Children with CP have various feeding difficulties including chewing disorder, which may affect their nutritional status. Functional Chewing Training (FuCT) was designed as a holistic approach to improve chewing function by providing postural alignment, sensory and motor training, and food and environmental adjustments. This study aimed to investigate the effect of FuCT on chewing function in children with CP. This study was designed as a double-blind, randomised controlled trial...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843846/an-assessment-of-the-validity-of-the-nutritional-indices-among-under-fives-in-the-catchment-area-of-rural-health-and-training-center-of-a-teaching-institute-in-bareilly
#11
Rashmi Katyal, Shailendra Pratap Singh, Hari Shankar Joshi, Gaurav Joshi, Arun Singh
CONTEXT: Nutritional status is a sensitive indicator of community health and nutrition. There is a growing realization that adequate nutrition is a necessary first step in the improvement of quality of life. Malnutrition and infection are connected by a vicious cycle. It is one of the greatest international health problems and the biggest challenges being faced today. Thus, to know the magnitude of undernutrition among preschool children and to find out the sensitive tool for detection of undernutrition, this study was conducted among children under - 5 years of age...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843259/prevalence-of-dental-fluorosis-and-associated-risk-factors-in-bagalkot-district-karnataka-india
#12
Taranatha Mahantesha, Uma B Dixit, Ramesh P Nayakar, Devasya Ashwin, Naveen K Ramagoni, Vijaya P Kamavaram Ellore
INTRODUCTION: An earlier epidemiological study by these authors revealed fluorosis at very low levels of fluoride concentrations in drinking water. AIM: The objective of present study was to investigate risk factors of dental fluorosis in permanent teeth in the villages of northern Karnataka, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present survey was carried out in three villages of Hungund Taluk, Bagalkot District, Karnataka, India, with the fluoride concentration of 0...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843007/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intensive-multidisciplinary-intervention-for-pediatric-feeding-disorders-how-standard-is-the-standard-of-care
#13
William G Sharp, Valerie M Volkert, Lawrence Scahill, Courtney E McCracken, Barbara McElhanon
OBJECTIVE: To assess models of care and conduct a meta-analysis of program outcomes for children receiving intensive, multidisciplinary intervention for pediatric feeding disorders. STUDY DESIGN: We searched Medline, PsycINFO, and PubMed databases (2000-2015) in peer-reviewed journals for studies that examined the treatment of children with chronic food refusal receiving intervention at day treatment or inpatient hospital programs. Inclusion criteria required the presentation of quantitative data on food consumption, feeding behavior, and/or growth status before and after intervention...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843003/-social-participation-after-childhood-craniopharyngioma
#14
C Olivari-Philiponnet, F Roumenoff, M Schneider, C Chantran, M Picot, P Berlier, C Mottolese, J-C Bernard, C Vuillerot
: Craniopharyngioma is a rare, benign central nervous system tumor, which may be a source of multiple complications, from endocrinology to vision, neurology and neurocognitive functions. This morbidity can lead to reduced participation in life activities, as described in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. The primary objective of this study was to measure participation in life activities in a population of children and young adults affected by childhood craniopharyngioma, using the LIFE-H questionnaire (Assessment of Life Habits), validated as a social participation measurement tool in various pediatric disabilities...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835678/nutritional-status-and-tuberculosis-risk-in-adult-and-pediatric-household-contacts
#15
Omowunmi Aibana, Xeno Acharya, Chuan-Chin Huang, Mercedes C Becerra, Jerome T Galea, Silvia S Chiang, Carmen Contreras, Roger Calderon, Rosa Yataco, Gustavo E Velásquez, Karen Tintaya, Judith Jimenez, Leonid Lecca, Megan B Murray
BACKGROUND: Studies show obesity decreases risk of tuberculosis (TB) disease. There is limited evidence on whether high body mass index also protects against TB infection; how very high body mass indices influence TB risk; or whether nutritional status predicts this risk in children. We assessed the impact of body mass index on incident TB infection and disease among adults and children. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a prospective cohort study among household contacts of pulmonary TB cases in Lima, Peru...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829766/a-descriptive-study-on-awareness-about-oral-health-among-pediatric-practitioners-in-kanchipuram-district
#16
S Rajalingam, V Leela Rani
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians and other health-care providers could play an invaluable role in ensuring the maintenance of optimal preventive as well as curative dental health in children. This study was aimed at assessing the pediatrician's perspective on basic oral health care in children in Kanchipuram district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire survey was carried out among Pediatricians which covered various aspects of knowledge, attitude, and role of pediatricians in preventive dental care...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805918/early-changes-in-microbial-community-structure-are-associated-with-sustained-remission-after-nutritional-treatment-of-pediatric-crohn-s-disease
#17
Katherine A Dunn, Jessica Moore-Connors, Brad MacIntyre, Andrew W Stadnyk, Nikhil A Thomas, Angela Noble, Gamal Mahdi, Mohsin Rashid, Anthony R Otley, Joseph P Bielawski, Johan Van Limbergen
BACKGROUND: Clinical remission achieved by exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is associated with marked microbiome changes. In this prospective study of exclusive enteral nutrition, we employ a hierarchical model of microbial community structure to distinguish between pediatric Crohn's disease patients who achieved sustained remission (SR) and those who relapsed early (non-SR), after restarting a normal diet. METHODS: Fecal samples were obtained from 10 patients (age 10-16) and from 5 healthy controls (age 9-14)...
December 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805287/nutritional-status-and-feeding-problems-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Norsuhaila Sha'ari, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Mahadir Ahmad, Fairuz Nazri Abd Rahman
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) maybe at risk for nutrient deficiencies due to attention demands required to sit through meals. This comparative cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the nutritional status and feeding problems of ADHD children aged 4-12 years. METHOD: Sociodemographic data, anthropometric measurements and a three-day dietary intake were collected from 54 ADHD children and 54 typical development (TD) children...
November 2, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782961/using-the-objective-structured-clinical-exam-osce-to-assess-acgme-competencies-in-pediatric-gastroenterology-fellows
#19
Aliza B Solomon, Rachel Reed, Keith Benkov, Joseph Kingsbery, Sarah S Lusman, Lisa B Malter, Jeremiah Levine, Simon Rabinowitz, Martin Wolff, Sondra Zabar, Elizabeth Weinshel
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has described six core competencies with which trainees should demonstrate proficiency. Using the Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE), we aimed to assess four of these competencies among Pediatric GI fellows (PG). METHODS: Eight first-year PG's from six medical centers in the New York area participated in a four-station OSCE with trained standardized patient (SP) actors. The cases included an "ED Consult" for lower GI bleeding; "Breaking Bad News" focusing on CF nutritional complications; "Second Opinion" for abdominal pain; "Transition of Care" for inflammatory bowel disease...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777128/learning-about-activity-and-understanding-nutrition-for-child-health-launch-rationale-design-and-implementation-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-a-family-based-pediatric-weight-management-program-for-preschoolers
#20
Lori J Stark, Stephanie Spear Filigno, Christopher Bolling, Megan B Ratcliff, Jessica C Kichler, Shannon L Robson, Stacey L Simon, Mary Beth McCullough, Lisa M Clifford, Cathleen O Stough, Cynthia Zion, Richard F Ittenbach
Obesity affects nearly 2 million preschool age children in the United States and is not abating. However, research on interventions for already obese preschoolers is limited. To address this significant gap in the literature, we developed an intervention targeting obesity reduction in 2 to 5year olds, Learning about Activity and Understanding Nutrition for Child Health (LAUNCH). This paper describes the rationale, design, participant enrollment, and implementation of a 3-arm randomized, parallel-group clinical trial comparing LAUNCH to a motivational-interviewing intervention (MI) and standard care (STC), respectively...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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