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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734721/factors-influencing-survival-of-patients-with-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-and-synchronous-liver-metastases-receiving-palliative-care
#1
Huaqiang Ouyang, Weidong Ma, Fang Liu, Zhensong Yue, Minghui Fang, Manman Quan, Zhanyu Pan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and synchronous liver metastases (PACLM) have an extremely limited life expectancy. We performed a single-center analysis to explore the clinical results and prognostic factors of patients with PACLM receiving palliative care. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 189 patients undergoing palliative care at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital over a 15-year period. Clinical characteristics, survival condition, and factors associated with survival were analyzed...
July 8, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734623/eight-year-follow-up-of-the-clopidogrel-after-surgery-for-coronary-artery-disease-cascade-trial
#2
Ali Hage, Pierre Voisine, Fernanda Erthal, Éric Larose, David Glineur, Benjamin Chow, Hugo Tremblay, Jacqueline Fortier, Gifferd Ko, Dai Une, Michael Farkouh, Thierry G Mesana, Michel LeMay, Alexander Kulik, Marc Ruel
OBJECTIVE: In this 8 years' follow-up study, we evaluated the long-term outcomes of the addition of clopidogrel to aspirin during the first year after coronary artery bypass grafting, versus aspirin plus placebo, with respect to survival, major adverse cardiac, or major cerebrovascular events, including revascularization, functional status, graft patency, and native coronary artery disease progression. METHODS: In the initial Clopidogrel After Surgery for Coronary Artery Disease trial, 113 patients were randomized to receive either daily clopidogrel (n = 56) or placebo (n = 57), in addition to aspirin, in a double-blind fashion for 1 year after coronary artery bypass grafting...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728654/comparison-of-stenting-versus-bypass-surgery-according-to-the-completeness-of-revascularization-in-severe-coronary-artery-disease-patient-level-pooled-analysis-of-the-syntax-precombat-and-best-trials
#3
Jung-Min Ahn, Duk-Woo Park, Cheol Whan Lee, Mineok Chang, Rafael Cavalcante, Yohei Sotomi, Yoshinobu Onuma, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Minkyu Han, Pil Hyung Lee, Soo-Jin Kang, Seung-Whan Lee, Young-Hak Kim, Seong-Wook Park, Patrick W Serruys, Seung-Jung Park
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare long-term survival between patients with severe coronary artery disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) achieving complete revascularization (CR) or incomplete revascularization. BACKGROUND: The importance of CR in decision making regarding revascularization strategy in patients with severe coronary artery disease is unknown. METHODS: Data were pooled from the SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery), PRECOMBAT (Premier of Randomized Comparison of Bypass Surgery Versus Angioplasty Using Sirolimus-Eluting Stent in Patients With Left Main Coronary Artery Disease), and BEST (Randomized Comparison of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery and Everolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation in the Treatment of Patients With Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease) trials...
July 24, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723765/perioperative-management-of-intracardiac-leiomyomatosis-an-observational-cohort-study
#4
Jiaying Xu, Min Wei, Qi Miao, Bin Zhu, Chunhua Yu, Yuguang Huang
Intracardiac leiomyomatosis (ICLM) is a rare condition in which the benign tumor extends into the right heart chambers through inferior vena cava. The best surgical approach still remains unclear.We present a retrospective cohort of 36 patients diagnosed with ICLM in Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2002 and 2016.The mean patient age was 44.5 (range 25-55) years. The clinical manifestations were various, including shortness of breath, chest tightness, edema of the lower extremities, palpitations, syncope, etc...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717067/barthel-index-and-outcome-of-open-bypass-for-critical-limb-ischemia
#5
Shinsuke Mii, Atsushi Guntani, Eisuke Kawakubo, Hirofumi Shimazoe
BACKGROUND: Daily activity should be an important factor to consider when deciding on a treatment strategy for critical limb ischemia (CLI), and we hypothesized that there was a close relationship between activities of daily living (ADL) and prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between ADL and outcomes of open bypass for CLI.Methods and Results:A total of 226 patients undergoing infrainguinal bypass for CLI between January 2005 and December 2015 were reviewed...
July 15, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712578/outcomes-readmissions-and-costs-in-transfemoral-and-alterative-access-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-the-us-medicare-population
#6
Fenton H McCarthy, Danielle D Spragan, Danielle Savino, Taylor Dibble, Ashley C Hoedt, Katherine M McDermott, Joseph E Bavaria, Howard C Herrmann, Saif Anwaruddin, Jay Giri, Wilson Y Szeto, Peter W Groeneveld, Nimesh D Desai
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively evaluate and compare utilization, outcomes, and especially costs of transfemoral (TF), transapical (TA), and transaortic (TAO) transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: All Medicare fee-for-service patients undergoing TF (n = 4065), TA (n = 691), or TAO (n = 274) TAVR between January 1, 2011, and November 30, 2012, were identified using Health Care Procedure Classification Codes present on Medicare claims. Hospital charges from Medicare claims were converted to costs using hospital-specific Medicare cost-to-charge ratios...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709919/morbidity-after-cardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-adult-congenital-heart-disease-in-comparison-with-acquired-disease
#7
Dimos Karangelis, Amine Mazine, Sreekanth Narsupalli, Shamarli Mendis, Gruschen Veldtman, Nicolas Nikolaidis
BACKGROUND: Due to the advancements in congenital cardiac surgery and interventional cardiology in the last five decades, more than 85% of congenital heart patients now survive to adulthood. METHODS: This retrospective study included 135 Adult Congenital Heart Disease (ACHD) patients, who had cardiac surgery at Southampton General Hospital over three consecutive years. We also included 42 patients with a structurally normal heart who had cardiac surgery for acquired cardiac conditions as a control group...
June 28, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707745/survival-of-the-fetus-during-maternal-thoracotomy-under-cardiopulmonary-bypass-for-infective-endocarditis
#8
Li Luo, Qiulei Sun, Liping Chen, Demei Ying, Xiaohua Wu, Zhengqiong Chen
Infective endocarditis (IE) during pregnancy is a rare but serious condition. Cardiopulmonary bypass during pregnancy has a high rate of fetal morbidity and mortality. We here report the case of a 22-year-old pregnant woman with confirmed IE. Multiple large cardiac valve vegetations, severe aortic valve regurgitation, and hemodynamic compromise were observed. With full implementation of fetal monitoring and protection strategies, open heart surgery was performed at 31.4 weeks' gestation to aid survival, followed by an elective cesarean delivery at 34...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706178/surgery-for-cardiac-papillary-fibroelastoma-a-12-year-single-institution-experience
#9
Sabreen Mkalaluh, Marcin Szczechowicz, Saeed Torabi, Bashar Dib, Anton Sabashnikov, Ahmed Mashhour, Matthias Karck, Alexander Weymann
BACKGROUND We reviewed our clinical experience with cardiac papillary fibroelastoma from 2005 to 2017. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical and operative data, as well as the early survival rate and immediate postoperative complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of 11 patients (eight males and three females) who underwent resection of cardiac papillary fibroelastoma in our institution. RESULTS Mean age at tumor diagnosis was 60±14 years. The mean dimension of the tumor was 14±11 mm...
July 14, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704244/implementation-of-a-standardized-transfusion-protocol-for-cardiac-patients-treated-with-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-is-associated-with-decreased-blood-component-utilization-and-may-improve-clinical-outcome
#10
Christine M Cahill, Neil Blumberg, Amy E Schmidt, Peter A Knight, Amber L Melvin, Howard T Massey, Joseph M Delehanty, Seth B Zebrak, Majed A Refaai
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation supplies oxygenated blood to the body supporting the heart and lungs. Survival rates of 20% to 50% are reported among patients receiving ECMO for cardiac arrest, severe cardiogenic shock, or failure to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass following cardiac surgery. Bleeding is one of the most common complications in ECMO patients due to coagulopathy, systemic anticoagulation, and the presence of large bore cannulas at systemic pressure. Absence of a standardized transfusion protocol in this population leads to inconsistent transfusion practices...
July 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698347/carbon-dioxide-surgical-field-flooding-and-aortic-no-touch-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-to-reduce-neurological-injuries-after-surgical-coronary-revascularisation-canon-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-investigator-and-patient-blinded-single
#11
Szwed Krzysztof, Pawliszak Wojciech, Serafin Zbigniew, Kowalewski Mariusz, Tomczyk Remigiusz, Perlinski Damian, Szwed Magdalena, Tomaszewska Marta, Anisimowicz Lech, Borkowska Alina
INTRODUCTION: Neurological injuries remain a major concern following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) that offsets survival benefit of CABG over percutaneous coronary interventions. Among numerous efforts to combat this issue is the development of off-pump CABG (OPCABG) that obviates the need for extracorporeal circulation and is associated with improved neurological outcomes. The objective of this study is to examine whether the neuroprotective effect of OPCABG can be further pronounced by the use of two state-of-the-art operating techniques...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697940/characterization-of-perioperative-contralateral-stroke-after-carotid-endarterectomy
#12
W Darrin Clouse, Emel A Ergul, Virendra I Patel, R Todd Lancaster, Glenn M LaMuraglia, Richard P Cambria, Mark F Conrad
OBJECTIVE: Contralateral stroke is an infrequent cause of perioperative stroke after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Whereas the risks of ipsilateral stroke complicating CEA have been discriminated, factors that lead to contralateral stroke are poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk of perioperative (30-day) contralateral stroke after CEA as well as predisposing preoperative and operative factors. Its specific effect on long-term survival was interrogated. METHODS: The Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) was queried from April 1, 2003, to February 29, 2016, for all CEAs...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697938/outcomes-of-endovascular-recanalization-versus-autogenous-venous-bypass-for-thromboangiitis-obliterans-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia-due-to-tibioperoneal-arterial-occlusion
#13
Kaichuang Ye, Huihua Shi, Jinbao Qin, Minyi Yin, Xiaobing Liu, Weimin Li, Mi'er Jiang, Xinwu Lu
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to compare the outcomes of endovascular recanalization (ER) vs autogenous venous bypass (AVB) for tibioperoneal arterial occlusion in thromboangiitis obliterans patients with critical lower limb ischemia. METHODS: A total of 90 limbs in 75 patients, successfully treated with ER (ER group, 35 patients, 43 limbs) and AVB (AVB group, 40 patients, 47 limbs) for tibioperoneal arterial occlusions from January 2009 to December 2015 in a single institution, were retrospectively analyzed...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693641/arterial-switch-operation-in-patients-with-transposition-and-a-left-sided-aorta
#14
Sachin Talwar, Robert H Anderson, Pradeep Ramakrishnan, Amolkumar Bhoje, Saurabh Gupta, Shiv Kumar Choudhary, Balram Airan
OBJECTIVES: Arterial switch operation is the treatment of choice in infants with transposed arterial trunks. It is technically challenging to perform in patients having usual atrial arrangement and concordant atrioventricular connections but having a left-sided aorta. Correction in this setting requires surgical expertise and precision. Here we review our experience with such patients. METHODS: Between January, 2002 and October, 2013, the arterial switch operation was performed in 20 patients in the combination emphasised above...
July 11, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691213/central-cannulation-strategy-for-extent-i-thoracoabdominal-aneurysm-repair-of-chronic-type-b-aortic-dissection
#15
Reilly D Hobbs, Tyler J Wallen, Caroline M Komlo, Patrick J Moeller, Alberto Pochettino, Joseph E Bavaria, Prashanth Vallabhajosyula
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the safety profile of a central cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) cannulation strategy for repair of extent I thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) with chronic type B dissection in comparison to traditional peripheral CPB cannulation strategies. METHODS: Patients undergoing extent I TAAA repair for chronic type B dissection from 2002 to 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were grouped by their CPB cannulation strategy. Patients in Group I underwent central aortic cannulation (n = 28) through a left thoracotomy incision...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690998/results-of-infrainguinal-bypass-with-a-composite-graft-combining-polytetrafluoroethylene-and-vein-graft-in-absence-of-appropriate-saphenous-vein-graft
#16
Myung Jae Jin, Ui Jun Park, Hyoung Tae Kim, Young-Nam Roh
PURPOSE: Use of a composite graft combining a polytetrafluoroethylene graft with an autogenous vein is an option for limb salvage in the absence of an adequate single segment vein graft. We aimed to investigate the results of infrainguinal bypass with a composite graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 11 infrainguinal arterial bypasses on 11 limbs which underwent surgery from March 2012 to November 2016. RESULTS: Critical limb ischemia was common (63...
June 2017: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687504/infected-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-treated-with-extra-anatomic-prosthesis-bypass-in-the-retroperitoneum
#17
You-Fei Qi, Zhan-Xiang Xiao, Chang Shu, Jie Yue, Sa-Hua Liu, Hao Chen, Zhao-Fan Zeng, Wen-Bo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Infected abdominal aortic aneurysms (iAAAs) are rare but life-threatening diseases. The purpose of the present study was to report our experience of extra-anatomic prosthesis bypass in the retroperitoneum as a treatment for iAAAs. METHODS: Data of 8 consecutive patients diagnosed with iAAAs and treated by an extra-anatomic prosthesis bypass in the retroperitoneum were retrospectively collected. Operative details were as follows: one side of the retroperitoneal space was selected to build a track and a bifurcated ePTFE prosthesis was placed through the track...
July 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684430/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-has-similar-5-year-survival-rates-to-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-for-patients-with-unprotected-left-main-artery-disease
#18
Carlos Collet, Patrick W Serruys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683990/how-safe-is-it-to-train-residents-to-perform-coronary-surgery-with-multiple-arterial-grafting-nineteen-years-of-training-at-a-single-institution
#19
Umberto Benedetto, Massimo Caputo, Mario Gaudino, Hunaid Vohra, Pierpaolo Chivasso, Alan Bryan, Gianni D Angelini
The learning curve of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with multiple arterial grafting (MAG) is perceived to be associated with increased surgical morbidity and potentially poorer long-term outcomes. We compared short-term outcomes and long-term survival in patients who underwent CABG with MAG performed by attending surgeons or resident trainees at a single institution over a period of 19 years. Using our institutional database, we identified 3039 patients undergoing MAG from 1996-2015. Of those, 958 (32%) were operated on by residents and 2081 (68%) by attending surgeons...
April 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673707/predictors-of-survival-functional-survival-and-hospital-readmission-in-octogenarians-after-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#20
Kendra Kuo, Pallav Shah, Brett Hiebert, Karin Love, Alan H Menkis, Rizwan A Manji, Rakesh C Arora
OBJECTIVE: To analyze outcomes and predictors of functional survival (personal care home admission and mortality) and hospital readmission in patients aged ≥80 years who underwent surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in a Manitoba hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients aged ≥80 years who underwent SAVR with or without coronary artery bypass grafting in Manitoba between 1995 and 2014. Data from the Manitoba Adult Cardiac Surgery database and the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy were used...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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