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Julia K Winkler, Matthias Schiller, Carolin Bender, Alexander H Enk, Jessica C Hassel
Treatment of metastatic melanoma remains challenging, despite a variety of new and promising immunotherapeutic and targeted approaches to therapy. New treatment options are still needed to improve long-term tumour control. We present a case series of seven patients with metastatic melanoma who were treated individually with the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab between July 2014 and July 2015. Two of the patients were treated in an adjuvant setting. All patients had already received a variety of treatments. During an induction phase, the administration of four cycles of weekly rituximab 375 mg/m2 body surface area was planned...
March 7, 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Brendan Bowman, Sijie Zheng, Alex Yang, Brigitte Schiller, José A Morfín, Melvin Seek, Robert S Lockridge
Dialysis care in the United States continues to move toward an emphasis on continuous quality improvement and performance benchmarking. Government- and industry-sponsored programs have evolved to assess and incentivize outcomes for many components of end-stage renal disease care. One aspect that remains largely unaddressed at a systemic level is the high-risk transition period from chronic kidney disease and acute kidney injury to permanent dialysis dependence. Incident dialysis patients experience disproportionately high mortality and hospitalization rates coupled with high costs...
March 3, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Michéal O Cathasaigh, Matt R Read, Aylin Atilla, Teresa Schiller, Grace P S Kwong
Peripheral nerve blocks are becoming increasingly popular for perioperative use as anesthetics and analgesics in small animals. This prospective study was performed to investigate the duration of motor and sensory blockade following use of bupivacaine for ultrasound-guided femoral and sciatic nerve blocks in dogs and to measure the plasma concentrations of bupivacaine that result from these procedures. Six dogs were anesthetized twice using a randomized cross-over design. At the first anesthetic, dogs were assigned to receive either an ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block or sciatic nerve block with 0...
2018: PloS One
Tyler J Beute, Matthew D Orem, Timothy M Schiller, Matthew Goehler, Jessica Parker, Charles L Willekes, Tomasz Timek
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (mAVR) is gaining clinical acceptance, however, it is associated with increased operative times due to limited surgical field and access. The Cor-Knot is an automated fastening device designed to facilitate suture fastening, but clinical data in mAVR are lacking. METHODS: From May 2014 to February 2017, 92 patients underwent mAVR at our center with 39 valves secured with manually-tied (MT) sutures and 53 valves entirely secured with the Cor-Knot (CK)...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Davina Banner, Shannon Freeman, Damanpreet K Kandola, Madeline Meikle, Bridget K M Russell, E Anne Sommerfeld, Donna Flood, Catharine J Schiller
While death is a universal human experience, the process of planning for death can be difficult and may be avoided altogether. To understand community perspectives of end-of-life preparedness, we undertook a multi-method study exploring the experiences of 25 community members and 10 stakeholders engaged in end-of-life planning. In addition, card sorting activities and focused discussions with 97 older adults were undertaken to highlight perspectives and needs. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and qualitative description...
March 2, 2018: Death Studies
David E Gerber, Mark A Socinski, Joel W Neal, Heather A Wakelee, Keisuke Shirai, Lecia V Sequist, Rachel P Rosovsky, Rogerio C Lilenbaum, Bruno R Bastos, Chao Huang, Melissa L Johnson, Paul J Hesketh, Deepa S Subramaniam, Martin F Dietrich, Feng Chai, Yunxia Wang, Julia Kazakin, Brian Schwartz, Joan H Schiller, Julie R Brahmer, Ronan J Kelly
BACKGROUND: KRAS mutations are identified in approximately 25% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases and are associated with resistance to currently available targeted therapies. The MET oncogene may be implicated in malignant progression of KRAS-mutant tumors. In a pre-specified subset analysis of KRAS mutant cancers in an earlier phase 2 study of erlotinib plus the oral MET inhibitor tivantinib, combination therapy was associated with substantial clinical benefit compared to erlotinib alone (progression-free survival [PFS] HR 0...
March 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
K Schiller, M Devecka, T Maurer, M Eiber, J Gschwend, M Schwaiger, S E Combs, G Habl
BACKGROUND: 68 Ga-PSMA-PET-imaging has proven to be a highly sensitive and specific diagnostic element for patients with prostate cancer (PC). Does the standard clinical target volume (CTV) cover the majority of68 Ga-PSMA-PET detected lymph nodes (LNs) in a primary setting? METHODS: 25 out of 159 patients with primary PC who underwent68 Ga-PSMA-PET-imaging were analyzed in the process of this study. These 25 high-risk patients had a total of 126 LNs with positive68 Ga-PSMA-ligand uptake...
March 1, 2018: Radiation Oncology
R Aaij, B Adeva, M Adinolfi, Z Ajaltouni, S Akar, J Albrecht, F Alessio, M Alexander, A Alfonso Albero, S Ali, G Alkhazov, P Alvarez Cartelle, A A Alves, S Amato, S Amerio, Y Amhis, L An, L Anderlini, G Andreassi, M Andreotti, J E Andrews, R B Appleby, F Archilli, P d'Argent, J Arnau Romeu, A Artamonov, M Artuso, E Aslanides, M Atzeni, G Auriemma, M Baalouch, I Babuschkin, S Bachmann, J J Back, A Badalov, C Baesso, S Baker, V Balagura, W Baldini, A Baranov, R J Barlow, C Barschel, S Barsuk, W Barter, F Baryshnikov, V Batozskaya, V Battista, A Bay, L Beaucourt, J Beddow, F Bedeschi, I Bediaga, A Beiter, L J Bel, N Beliy, V Bellee, N Belloli, K Belous, I Belyaev, E Ben-Haim, G Bencivenni, S Benson, S Beranek, A Berezhnoy, R Bernet, D Berninghoff, E Bertholet, A Bertolin, C Betancourt, F Betti, M-O Bettler, M van Beuzekom, Ia Bezshyiko, S Bifani, P Billoir, A Birnkraut, A Bizzeti, M Bjørn, T Blake, F Blanc, S Blusk, V Bocci, T Boettcher, A Bondar, N Bondar, I Bordyuzhin, S Borghi, M Borisyak, M Borsato, F Bossu, M Boubdir, T J V Bowcock, E Bowen, C Bozzi, S Braun, T Britton, J Brodzicka, D Brundu, E Buchanan, C Burr, A Bursche, J Buytaert, W Byczynski, S Cadeddu, H Cai, R Calabrese, R Calladine, M Calvi, M Calvo Gomez, A Camboni, P Campana, D H Campora Perez, L Capriotti, A Carbone, G Carboni, R Cardinale, A Cardini, P Carniti, L Carson, K Carvalho Akiba, G Casse, L Cassina, M Cattaneo, G Cavallero, R Cenci, D Chamont, M G Chapman, M Charles, Ph Charpentier, G Chatzikonstantinidis, M Chefdeville, S Chen, S F Cheung, S-G Chitic, V Chobanova, M Chrzaszcz, A Chubykin, P Ciambrone, X Cid Vidal, G Ciezarek, P E L Clarke, M Clemencic, H V Cliff, J Closier, J Cogan, E Cogneras, V Cogoni, L Cojocariu, P Collins, T Colombo, A Comerma-Montells, A Contu, A Cook, G Coombs, S Coquereau, G Corti, M Corvo, C M Costa Sobral, B Couturier, G A Cowan, D C Craik, A Crocombe, M Cruz Torres, R Currie, C D'Ambrosio, F Da Cunha Marinho, E Dall'Occo, J Dalseno, A Davis, O De Aguiar Francisco, S De Capua, M De Cian, J M De Miranda, L De Paula, M De Serio, P De Simone, C T Dean, D Decamp, L Del Buono, H-P Dembinski, M Demmer, A Dendek, D Derkach, O Deschamps, F Dettori, B Dey, A Di Canto, P Di Nezza, H Dijkstra, F Dordei, M Dorigo, A Dosil Suárez, L Douglas, A Dovbnya, K Dreimanis, L Dufour, G Dujany, P Durante, R Dzhelyadin, M Dziewiecki, A Dziurda, A Dzyuba, S Easo, M Ebert, U Egede, V Egorychev, S Eidelman, S Eisenhardt, U Eitschberger, R Ekelhof, L Eklund, S Ely, S Esen, H M Evans, T Evans, A Falabella, N Farley, S Farry, D Fazzini, L Federici, D Ferguson, G Fernandez, P Fernandez Declara, A Fernandez Prieto, F Ferrari, F Ferreira Rodrigues, M Ferro-Luzzi, S Filippov, R A Fini, M Fiorini, M Firlej, C Fitzpatrick, T Fiutowski, F Fleuret, K Fohl, M Fontana, F Fontanelli, D C Forshaw, R Forty, V Franco Lima, M Frank, C Frei, J Fu, W Funk, E Furfaro, C Färber, E Gabriel, A Gallas Torreira, D Galli, S Gallorini, S Gambetta, M Gandelman, P Gandini, Y Gao, L M Garcia Martin, J García Pardiñas, J Garra Tico, L Garrido, P J Garsed, D Gascon, C Gaspar, L Gavardi, G Gazzoni, D Gerick, E Gersabeck, M Gersabeck, T Gershon, Ph Ghez, S Gianì, V Gibson, O G Girard, L Giubega, K Gizdov, V V Gligorov, D Golubkov, A Golutvin, A Gomes, I V Gorelov, C Gotti, E Govorkova, J P Grabowski, R Graciani Diaz, L A Granado Cardoso, E Graugés, E Graverini, G Graziani, A Grecu, R Greim, P Griffith, L Grillo, L Gruber, B R Gruberg Cazon, O Grünberg, E Gushchin, Yu Guz, T Gys, C Göbel, T Hadavizadeh, C Hadjivasiliou, G Haefeli, C Haen, S C Haines, B Hamilton, X Han, T H Hancock, S Hansmann-Menzemer, N Harnew, S T Harnew, C Hasse, M Hatch, J He, M Hecker, K Heinicke, A Heister, K Hennessy, P Henrard, L Henry, E van Herwijnen, M Heß, A Hicheur, D Hill, C Hombach, P H Hopchev, W Hu, Z C Huard, W Hulsbergen, T Humair, M Hushchyn, D Hutchcroft, P Ibis, M Idzik, P Ilten, R Jacobsson, J Jalocha, E Jans, A Jawahery, F Jiang, M John, D Johnson, C R Jones, C Joram, B Jost, N Jurik, S Kandybei, M Karacson, J M Kariuki, S Karodia, N Kazeev, M Kecke, F Keizer, M Kelsey, M Kenzie, T Ketel, E Khairullin, B Khanji, C Khurewathanakul, T Kirn, S Klaver, K Klimaszewski, T Klimkovich, S Koliiev, M Kolpin, R Kopecna, P Koppenburg, A Kosmyntseva, S Kotriakhova, M Kozeiha, L Kravchuk, M Kreps, F Kress, P Krokovny, F Kruse, W Krzemien, W Kucewicz, M Kucharczyk, V Kudryavtsev, A K Kuonen, T Kvaratskheliya, D Lacarrere, G Lafferty, A Lai, G Lanfranchi, C Langenbruch, T Latham, C Lazzeroni, R Le Gac, A Leflat, J Lefrançois, R Lefèvre, F Lemaitre, E Lemos Cid, O Leroy, T Lesiak, B Leverington, P-R Li, T Li, Y Li, Z Li, T Likhomanenko, R Lindner, F Lionetto, V Lisovskyi, X Liu, D Loh, A Loi, I Longstaff, J H Lopes, D Lucchesi, M Lucio Martinez, H Luo, A Lupato, E Luppi, O Lupton, A Lusiani, X Lyu, F Machefert, F Maciuc, V Macko, P Mackowiak, S Maddrell-Mander, O Maev, K Maguire, D Maisuzenko, M W Majewski, S Malde, B Malecki, A Malinin, T Maltsev, G Manca, G Mancinelli, D Marangotto, J Maratas, J F Marchand, U Marconi, C Marin Benito, M Marinangeli, P Marino, J Marks, G Martellotti, M Martin, M Martinelli, D Martinez Santos, F Martinez Vidal, L M Massacrier, A Massafferri, R Matev, A Mathad, Z Mathe, C Matteuzzi, A Mauri, E Maurice, B Maurin, A Mazurov, M McCann, A McNab, R McNulty, J V Mead, B Meadows, C Meaux, F Meier, N Meinert, D Melnychuk, M Merk, A Merli, E Michielin, D A Milanes, E Millard, M-N Minard, L Minzoni, D S Mitzel, A Mogini, J Molina Rodriguez, T Mombächer, I A Monroy, S Monteil, M Morandin, M J Morello, O Morgunova, J Moron, A B Morris, R Mountain, F Muheim, M Mulder, D Müller, J Müller, K Müller, V Müller, P Naik, T Nakada, R Nandakumar, A Nandi, I Nasteva, M Needham, N Neri, S Neubert, N Neufeld, M Neuner, T D Nguyen, C Nguyen-Mau, S Nieswand, R Niet, N Nikitin, T Nikodem, A Nogay, D P O'Hanlon, A Oblakowska-Mucha, V Obraztsov, S Ogilvy, R Oldeman, C J G Onderwater, A Ossowska, J M Otalora Goicochea, P Owen, A Oyanguren, P R Pais, A Palano, M Palutan, A Papanestis, M Pappagallo, L L Pappalardo, W Parker, C Parkes, G Passaleva, A Pastore, M Patel, C Patrignani, A Pearce, A Pellegrino, G Penso, M Pepe Altarelli, S Perazzini, P Perret, L Pescatore, K Petridis, A Petrolini, A Petrov, M Petruzzo, E Picatoste Olloqui, B Pietrzyk, M Pikies, D Pinci, F Pisani, A Pistone, A Piucci, V Placinta, S Playfer, M Plo Casasus, F Polci, M Poli Lener, A Poluektov, I Polyakov, E Polycarpo, G J Pomery, S Ponce, A Popov, D Popov, S Poslavskii, C Potterat, E Price, J Prisciandaro, C Prouve, V Pugatch, A Puig Navarro, H Pullen, G Punzi, W Qian, R Quagliani, B Quintana, B Rachwal, J H Rademacker, M Rama, M Ramos Pernas, M S Rangel, I Raniuk, F Ratnikov, G Raven, M Ravonel Salzgeber, M Reboud, F Redi, S Reichert, A C Dos Reis, C Remon Alepuz, V Renaudin, S Ricciardi, S Richards, M Rihl, K Rinnert, V Rives Molina, P Robbe, A Robert, A B Rodrigues, E Rodrigues, J A Rodriguez Lopez, A Rogozhnikov, S Roiser, A Rollings, V Romanovskiy, A Romero Vidal, J W Ronayne, M Rotondo, M S Rudolph, T Ruf, P Ruiz Valls, J Ruiz Vidal, J J Saborido Silva, E Sadykhov, N Sagidova, B Saitta, V Salustino Guimaraes, C Sanchez Mayordomo, B Sanmartin Sedes, R Santacesaria, C Santamarina Rios, M Santimaria, E Santovetti, G Sarpis, A Sarti, C Satriano, A Satta, D M Saunders, D Savrina, S Schael, M Schellenberg, M Schiller, H Schindler, M Schmelling, T Schmelzer, B Schmidt, O Schneider, A Schopper, H F Schreiner, M Schubiger, M-H Schune, R Schwemmer, B Sciascia, A Sciubba, A Semennikov, E S Sepulveda, A Sergi, N Serra, J Serrano, L Sestini, P Seyfert, M Shapkin, I Shapoval, Y Shcheglov, T Shears, L Shekhtman, V Shevchenko, B G Siddi, R Silva Coutinho, L Silva de Oliveira, G Simi, S Simone, M Sirendi, N Skidmore, T Skwarnicki, E Smith, I T Smith, J Smith, M Smith, L Soares Lavra, M D Sokoloff, F J P Soler, B Souza De Paula, B Spaan, P Spradlin, S Sridharan, F Stagni, M Stahl, S Stahl, P Stefko, S Stefkova, O Steinkamp, S Stemmle, O Stenyakin, M Stepanova, H Stevens, S Stone, B Storaci, S Stracka, M E Stramaglia, M Straticiuc, U Straumann, J Sun, L Sun, W Sutcliffe, K Swientek, V Syropoulos, T Szumlak, M Szymanski, S T'Jampens, A Tayduganov, T Tekampe, G Tellarini, F Teubert, E Thomas, J van Tilburg, M J Tilley, V Tisserand, M Tobin, S Tolk, L Tomassetti, D Tonelli, F Toriello, R Tourinho Jadallah Aoude, E Tournefier, M Traill, M T Tran, M Tresch, A Trisovic, A Tsaregorodtsev, P Tsopelas, A Tully, N Tuning, A Ukleja, A Usachov, A Ustyuzhanin, U Uwer, C Vacca, A Vagner, V Vagnoni, A Valassi, S Valat, G Valenti, R Vazquez Gomez, P Vazquez Regueiro, S Vecchi, M van Veghel, J J Velthuis, M Veltri, G Veneziano, A Venkateswaran, T A Verlage, M Vernet, M Vesterinen, J V Viana Barbosa, B Viaud, D Vieira, M Vieites Diaz, H Viemann, X Vilasis-Cardona, M Vitti, V Volkov, A Vollhardt, B Voneki, A Vorobyev, V Vorobyev, C Voß, J A de Vries, C Vázquez Sierra, R Waldi, C Wallace, R Wallace, J Walsh, J Wang, D R Ward, H M Wark, N K Watson, D Websdale, A Weiden, C Weisser, M Whitehead, J Wicht, G Wilkinson, M Wilkinson, M Williams, M P Williams, M Williams, T Williams, F F Wilson, J Wimberley, M Winn, J Wishahi, W Wislicki, M Witek, G Wormser, S A Wotton, K Wraight, K Wyllie, Y Xie, M Xu, Z Xu, Z Yang, Z Yang, Y Yao, H Yin, J Yu, X Yuan, O Yushchenko, K A Zarebski, M Zavertyaev, L Zhang, Y Zhang, A Zhelezov, Y Zheng, X Zhu, V Zhukov, J B Zonneveld, S Zucchelli
Searches are performed for both promptlike and long-lived dark photons, A^{'}, produced in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, using A^{'}→μ^{+}μ^{-} decays and a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.6  fb^{-1} collected with the LHCb detector. The promptlike A^{'} search covers the mass range from near the dimuon threshold up to 70 GeV, while the long-lived A^{'} search is restricted to the low-mass region 214<m(A^{'})<350  MeV. No evidence for a signal is found, and 90% confidence level exclusion limits are placed on the γ-A^{'} kinetic-mixing strength...
February 9, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Stergios J Moschos, Ryan J Sullivan, Wen-Jen Hwu, Ramesh K Ramanathan, Alex A Adjei, Peter C Fong, Ronnie Shapira-Frommer, Hussein A Tawbi, Joseph Rubino, Thomas S Rush, Da Zhang, Nathan R Miselis, Ahmed A Samatar, Patrick Chun, Eric H Rubin, James Schiller, Brian J Long, Priya Dayananth, Donna Carr, Paul Kirschmeier, W Robert Bishop, Yongqi Deng, Alan Cooper, Gerald W Shipps, Blanca Homet Moreno, Lidia Robert, Antoni Ribas, Keith T Flaherty
BACKGROUND: Constitutive activation of ERK1/2 occurs in various cancers, and its reactivation is a well-described resistance mechanism to MAPK inhibitors. ERK inhibitors may overcome the limitations of MAPK inhibitor blockade. The dual mechanism inhibitor SCH772984 has shown promising preclinical activity across various BRAFV600/RAS-mutant cancer cell lines and human cancer xenografts. METHODS: We have developed an orally bioavailable ERK inhibitor, MK-8353; conducted preclinical studies to demonstrate activity, pharmacodynamic endpoints, dosing, and schedule; completed a study in healthy volunteers (P07652); and subsequently performed a phase I clinical trial in patients with advanced solid tumors (MK-8353-001)...
February 22, 2018: JCI Insight
Kevin J Sanchez, Chia-Li Chen, Lynn M Russell, Raghu Betha, Jun Liu, Derek J Price, Paola Massoli, Luke D Ziemba, Ewan C Crosbie, Richard H Moore, Markus Müller, Sven A Schiller, Armin Wisthaler, Alex K Y Lee, Patricia K Quinn, Timothy S Bates, Jack Porter, Thomas G Bell, Eric S Saltzman, Robert D Vaillancourt, Mike J Behrenfeld
Biogenic sources contribute to cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) in the clean marine atmosphere, but few measurements exist to constrain climate model simulations of their importance. The chemical composition of individual atmospheric aerosol particles showed two types of sulfate-containing particles in clean marine air masses in addition to mass-based Estimated Salt particles. Both types of sulfate particles lack combustion tracers and correlate, for some conditions, to atmospheric or seawater dimethyl sulfide (DMS) concentrations, which means their source was largely biogenic...
February 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Maria Schiller, Sarah Hackett
European cities are increasingly being recognised for the role they play in devising and implementing their own migration, integration and diversity policies. Yet very little is known about the local dimension of immigrant policymaking in crisis contexts. This introductory piece offers a rationale for analysing city-level immigrant policies in times of crisis and the salience of using crisis as a metaphor for the state of things, and outlines key scholarly works, debates, concepts and theories. It provides a range of historical and contemporary examples and considerations, and introduces an empirical city case study that is published as part of this mini-symposium...
2018: Comparative Migration Studies
Jenny Schröter, Annabelle Fülöp, Carsten Hopf, Jürgen Schiller
Unequivocal assignment of phospholipid peaks in complex mixtures is difficult if only the m/z values but no tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) data are available. This is usually the case for matrix-assisted laser/desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) MS imaging experiments and the analysis has normally to be performed without prior separation. Another problem might be the often matrix-induced loss of one methyl group in phosphatidylcholine (PC) species, which makes them detectable as negative ions becoming isomers of some phosphatidylethanolamines (PEs)...
February 14, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Biel Obrador, Daniel von Schiller, Rafael Marcé, Lluís Gómez-Gener, Matthias Koschorreck, Carles Borrego, Núria Catalán
Despite the increasing understanding of the magnitude and drivers of carbon gas emissions from inland waters, the relevance of water fluctuation and associated drying on their dynamics is rarely addressed. Here, we quantified CO 2 and CH 4 fluxes from a set of temporary ponds across seasons. The ponds were in all occasion net CO 2 emitters irrespective of the presence or absence of water. While the CO 2 fluxes were in the upper range of emissions for freshwater lentic systems, CH 4 fluxes were mostly undetectable...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Christoph Muck, Eva-Maria Schiller, Maria Zimmermann, Joscha Kärtner
Numerous school-based prevention programs have been developed by scientists and practitioners to address sexual violence in adolescence. However, such programs struggle with two major challenges. First, the effectiveness of many well-established practitioner programs has not been rigorously evaluated. Second, effective scientific programs may be hard to implement into everyday school practice. Combining the knowledge of scientists and practitioners in a scientist-practitioner program could be a helpful compromise...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Stefanie Endesfelder, Ulrike Weichelt, Cornelia Schiller, Katja Winter, Clarissa von Haefen, Christoph Bührer
In preterm infants, phenobarbital is the first-line antiepileptic drug for neonatal seizures while caffeine is used for the treatment of apnea. Data from experimental animals suggest that phenobarbital and other anticonvulsants are toxic for the developing brain, while neuroprotective effects have been reported for caffeine both in newborn rodents and preterm human infants. To characterize the interaction of phenobarbital and caffeine in the hippocampus of the developing rodent brain, we examined the effects of both drugs given separately or together on postnatal neurogenesis after administration to neonatal rats throughout postnatal day (P) 4 to P6...
February 7, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
Sarah E Hanson, Martha L MacLeod, Catharine J Schiller
BACKGROUND: During both teacher-led clinical practica and precepted practica, students interact with, and learn from, staff nurses who work on the clinical units. It is understood that learning in clinical practice is enhanced by positive interactions between staff nurses and nursing students. While much is known about preceptors' experiences of working with nursing students, there is little evidence to date about staff nurses' perspectives of their interactions with students in teacher-led practica...
February 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Itay Berger, Merav Gil Margolis, Elhanan Nahum, Ovdi Dagan, Itzhak Levy, Eytan Kaplan, Eran Shostak, Esther Shmuelov, Ofer Schiller, Gili Kadmon
OBJECTIVES: Arterial catheters may serve as an additional source for blood cultures in children when peripheral venipuncture is challenging. The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of cultures obtained through indwelling arterial catheters for the diagnosis of bloodstream infections in critically ill pediatric patients. DESIGN: Observational and comparative. SETTING: General and cardiac ICUs of a tertiary, university-affiliated pediatric medical center...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Zohreh Shiamizadeh, Johanneke Caspers, Niels O Schiller
It has been shown that prosody contributes to the contrast between declarativity and interrogativity, notably in interrogative utterances lacking lexico-syntactic features of interrogativity. Accordingly, it may be proposed that prosody plays a role in marking wh-in-situ questions in which the interrogativity feature (the wh-phrase) does not move to sentence-initial position, as, for example, in Persian. This paper examines whether prosody distinguishes Persian wh-in-situ questions from declaratives in the absence of the interrogativity feature in the sentence-initial position...
February 1, 2018: Language and Speech
Flaviu Bob, Iulia Grosu, Ioan Sporea, Simona Bota, Alina Popescu, Roxana Sirli, Ligia Petrica, Adalbert Schiller
AIM: To analyze the relationship between shear wave velocity in the kidney measured by point shear wave elastography using Virtual Touch Quantification (VTQ) (Siemens Acuson S2000) and histological parameters obtained from renal biopsies, in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group included 20 patients (mean age 47.95±13.59 years) with different types of CGN, that had underwent renal biopsy and 57 normal controls (mean age 38...
February 4, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
Jackie Schiller, Shai Berlin, Dori Derdikman
Two recent papers have tackled the fundamental questions of how place fields are formed in a new environment and what plasticity mechanisms contribute to this process. Bittner et al., in their recent publication, discovered a novel plasticity rule that, in contrast to previous rules, spans the behavioral, seconds-long, timescale. Sheffield et al. have monitored, for the first time, dendritic activity during place field formation, and show the emergence of spatially tuned local NMDA spikes in basal dendrites of CA1 neurons...
February 1, 2018: Trends in Neurosciences
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