keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

schiller

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140544/a-cryptosporidium-infection-in-a-patient-with-relapsed-t-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-undergoing-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation
#1
Joanna Schiller, Sebastian Klein, Marianne Engels, Reinhard Büttner, Jan Rybniker, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Christof Scheid, Christian Wybranski, Alexander Quaas, Hans Christian Reinhardt, Ruth Waßermann
Cryptosporidium infection is a rare cause of enterocolitis. In immunocompromised patients, cryptosporidiosis may lead to debilitating and life-threatening diarrhea and malabsorption, occasionally with multi organ involvement. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) requires long-term immunosuppressive therapy, while cellular immunity is usually compromised due to intensive conditioning chemotherapy. Diarrhea in patients who underwent allo-HSCT may be a sign of an infection, but can also be the result of intestinal graft-versus-host disease (GvHD)...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140456/minimotif-miner-4-a-million-peptide-minimotifs-and-counting
#2
Kenneth F Lyon, Xingyu Cai, Richard J Young, Abdullah-Al Mamun, Sanguthevar Rajasekaran, Martin R Schiller
Minimotif Miner (MnM) is a database and web system for analyzing short functional peptide motifs, termed minimotifs. We present an update to MnM growing the database from ∼300 000 to >1 000 000 minimotif consensus sequences and instances. This growth comes largely from updating data from existing databases and annotation of articles with high-throughput approaches analyzing different types of post-translational modifications. Another update is mapping human proteins and their minimotifs to know human variants from the dbSNP, build 150...
November 11, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129443/adjuvant-chemotherapy-with-or-without-bevacizumab-in-patients-with-resected-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-e1505-an-open-label-multicentre-randomised-phase-3-trial
#3
Heather A Wakelee, Suzanne E Dahlberg, Steven M Keller, William J Tester, David R Gandara, Stephen L Graziano, Alex A Adjei, Natasha B Leighl, Seena C Aisner, Jan M Rothman, Jyoti D Patel, Mark D Sborov, Sean R McDermott, Roman Perez-Soler, Anne M Traynor, Charles Butts, Tracey Evans, Atif Shafqat, Andrew E Chapman, Samer S Kasbari, Leora Horn, Suresh S Ramalingam, Joan H Schiller
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant chemotherapy for resected early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) provides a modest survival benefit. Bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody directed against VEGF, improves outcomes when added to platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced-stage non-squamous NSCLC. We aimed to evaluate the addition of bevacizumab to adjuvant chemotherapy in early-stage resected NSCLC. METHODS: We did an open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial of adult patients (aged ≥18 years) with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1 and who had completely resected stage IB (≥4 cm) to IIIA (defined by the American Joint Committee on Cancer 6th edition) NSCLC...
November 9, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117340/race-and-ethnicity-do-not-clinically-associate-with-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-chronic-severe-pain-in-a-federally-qualified-health-center
#4
Lara Dhingra, Robert Schiller, Raymond Teets, Sarah Nosal, Sandra Rodriguez, Gabriel Cruciani, Malcolm Barrett, Regina Ginzburg, Ebtesam Ahmed, Thomas Wasser, Jack Chen, Saskia Shuman, Casey Crump, Russell Portenoy
Objective: Previous research suggests that race/ethnicity predicts health-related quality of life (HRQL) in chronic pain populations but has not examined this in community settings. This study evaluated this association in 522 community-dwelling patients with chronic pain treated at a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC). Design: Cross-sectional secondary analysis. Setting: Six practice sites of an FQHC in New York. Subjects: One hundred forty-two non-Hispanic blacks, 121 non-Hispanic whites, 219 Hispanics, and 40 classified as "other" with severe chronic pain...
May 10, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103789/an-in-situ-simulation-based-educational-outreach-project-for-pediatric-trauma-care-in-a-rural-trauma-system
#5
Lilly Bayouth, Sarah Ashley, Jackie Brady, Bryan Lake, Morgan Keeter, David Schiller, Walter C Robey, Stephen Charles, Kari M Beasley, Eric A Toschlog, Shannon W Longshore
BACKGROUND: Outcome disparities between urban and rural pediatric trauma patients persist, despite regionalization of trauma systems. Rural patients are initially transported to the nearest emergency department (ED), where pediatric care is infrequent. We aim to identify educational intervention targets and increase provider experience via pediatric trauma simulation. METHODS: Prospective study of simulation-based pediatric trauma resuscitation was performed at three community EDs...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098724/improving-wellbeing-in-patients-undergoing-dialysis-can-meditation-help
#6
REVIEW
Paul N Bennett, Trey Ngo, Christine Kalife, Brigitte Schiller
Coping with the stress and anxiety caused by end stage kidney disease (ESKD) symptoms, treatment, restrictions, and social, financial and family stressors, consumes many afflicted with kidney disease. Meditation has been shown to decrease anxiety and stress, and improve wellbeing and quality of life of people with chronic disease. However, the clinical uptake of meditation is low in the ESKD dialysis population. This review describes what meditation and mindful meditation are and how they have been used for people with ESKD...
November 2, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068532/alteration-of-liver-peroxisomal-and-mitochondrial-functionality-in-the-nzo-mouse-model-of-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Birgit Knebel, Simon Göddeke, Sonja Hartwig, Tina Hörbelt, Pia Fahlbusch, Hadi Al-Hasani, Sylvia Jacob, Cornelia Koellmer, Ulrike Nitzgen, Martina Schiller, Stefan Lehr, Jorg Kotzka
PURPOSE: MetS consist of five risk factors: elevated blood pressure and fasting glucose, visceral obesity, dyslipidemia and hypercholesterinemia. The physiological impact of lipid metabolism indicated as visceral obesity and hepatic lipid accumulation on MetS is still under debate. One major cause of disturbed lipid metabolism might be dysfunction of cellular organelles controlling energy homeostasis, i.e. mitochondria and peroxisomes. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The New Zealand Obese (NZO) mouse model exhibits a polygenic syndrome of obesity, insulin resistance, triglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia that resembles human metabolic syndrome...
October 25, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059544/neural-oscillatory-mechanisms-during-novel-grammar-learning-underlying-language-analytical-abilities
#8
Olga Kepinska, Ernesto Pereda, Johanneke Caspers, Niels O Schiller
The goal of the present study was to investigate the initial phases of novel grammar learning on a neural level, concentrating on mechanisms responsible for individual variability between learners. Two groups of participants, one with high and one with average language analytical abilities, performed an Artificial Grammar Learning (AGL) task consisting of learning and test phases. During the task, EEG signals from 32 cap-mounted electrodes were recorded and epochs corresponding to the learning phases were analysed...
October 20, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049136/comparisons-of-traditional-metabolic-markers-and-compensatory-reserve-as-early-predictors-of-tolerance-to-central-hypovolemia-in-humans
#9
Alicia M Schiller, Jeffrey T Howard, Kristen R Lye, Christian G Magby, Victor A Convertino
Circulatory shock remains a leading cause of death in both military and civilian trauma. Early, accurate and reliable prediction of decompensation is necessary for the most efficient interventions and clinical outcomes. Individual tolerance to reduced central blood volume can serve as a model to assess the sensitivity and specificity of vital sign measurements. The compensatory reserve (CRM) is the measurement of this capacity. Measurements of muscle oxygen saturation (SmO2), blood lactate and end tidal CO2 (EtCO2) have recently gained attention as prognostic tools for early assessment of the status of patients with progressive hemorrhage, but lack the ability to adequately differentiate individual tolerance to hypovolemia...
October 18, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047592/digital-holography-on-moving-objects-interference-contrast-as-a-function-of-velocity-and-aperture-width
#10
Annelie Schiller, Tobias Beckmann, Markus Fratz, Dominik Belzer, Alexander Bertz, Daniel Carl, Karsten Buse
Digital holographic measurements on planar moving objects are investigated. We discuss the dependence of the interference contrast on velocity and aperture width for both diffusely and specularly reflecting objects. Using spatial phase shifting, the experimental results for motion in parallel and perpendicular to the optical axis are in good agreement with the theoretical considerations. Measurements with object velocities of up to 100 mm/s are conducted using only less than 1 mW of continuous-wave laser light...
June 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045677/response
#11
Lorraine Pelosof, Chul Ahn, Joan Schiller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040276/the-impact-of-acute-kidney-injury-on-in-hospital-mortality-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-undergoing-intravenous-thrombolysis
#12
Florica Gadalean, Mihaela Simu, Florina Parv, Ruxandra Vorovenci, Raluca Tudor, Adalbert Schiller, Romulus Timar, Ligia Petrica, Silvia Velciov, Cristina Gluhovschi, Flaviu Bob, Adelina Mihaescu, Bogdan Timar, Goce Spasovski, Viviana Ivan
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) increases the risk of death in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. Intravenous thrombolytic therapy (iv. rt-PA) seems to be the most effective treatment for AIS patients. The effects of AKI on iv. rt-PA treated AIS cases is less studied. Our paper addresses this issue. METHODS: 45 consecutive stroke patients treated with iv. rt-PA (median age = 64 years; 29 male) and 59 age and sex matched controls not eligible for iv. rt-PA have been enrolled in our study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038221/prazosin-during-threat-discrimination-boosts-memory-of-the-safe-stimulus
#13
Philipp Homan, Qi Lin, James W Murrough, Laili Soleimani, Dominik R Bach, Roger L Clem, Daniela Schiller
The α-1 adrenoreceptor antagonist prazosin has shown promise in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, but its mechanisms are not well understood. Here we administered prazosin or placebo prior to threat conditioning (day 1) and tested subsequent extinction (day 2) and reextinction (day 3) in healthy human participants. Prazosin did not affect threat conditioning but augmented stimulus discrimination during extinction and reextinction, via lower responding to the safe stimulus. These results suggest that prazosin during threat acquisition may have influenced encoding or consolidation of safety processing in particular, subsequently leading to enhanced discrimination between the safe and threatening stimuli...
November 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024351/what-are-women-told-when-requesting-family-planning-services-at-clinics-associated-with-catholic-hospitals-a-mystery-caller-study
#14
Maryam Guiahi, Stephanie B Teal, Maryke Swartz, Sandy Huynh, Georgia Schiller, Jeanelle Sheeder
CONTEXT: Catholic Church directives restrict family planning service provision at Catholic health care institutions. It is unclear whether obstetrics and gynecology clinics that are owned by or have business affiliations with Catholic hospitals offer family planning appointments. METHODS: Mystery callers phoned 144 clinics nationwide that were found on Catholic hospital websites between December 2014 and February 2016, and requested appointments for birth control generally, copper IUD services specifically, tubal ligation and abortion...
October 12, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018239/a-blueprint-for-robust-crosslinking-of-mobile-species-in-biogels-with-weakly-adhesive-molecular-anchors
#15
Jay Newby, Jennifer L Schiller, Timothy Wessler, Jasmine Edelstein, M Gregory Forest, Samuel K Lai
Biopolymeric matrices can impede transport of nanoparticulates and pathogens by entropic or direct adhesive interactions, or by harnessing "third-party" molecular anchors to crosslink nanoparticulates to matrix constituents. The trapping potency of anchors is dictated by association rates and affinities to both nanoparticulates and matrix; the popular dogma is that long-lived, high-affinity bonds to both species facilitate optimal trapping. Here we present a contrasting paradigm combining experimental evidence (using IgG antibodies and Matrigel®), a theoretical framework (based on multiple timescale analysis), and computational modeling...
October 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989681/light-responsive-paper-strips-as-co-releasing-material-with-a-colourimetric-response
#16
Upendar Reddy G, Jingjing Liu, Patrick Hoffmann, Johannes Steinmetzer, Helmar Görls, Stephan Kupfer, Sven H C Askes, Ute Neugebauer, Stefanie Gräfe, Alexander Schiller
Carbon monoxide (CO) is known for its multifaceted role in human physiology, and molecules that release CO in a controlled way have been proposed as therapeutic drugs. In this work, a light-responsive CO-releasing molecule (CORM-Dabsyl) showed a strong colourimetric response upon photochemical CO-release, owing to the tight conjugation of a Mn(i) tricarbonyl centre to a dabsyl chromophoric ligand (L). Whereas the complex was very stable in the dark in nitrogen-purged aqueous media, CO-release was effectively triggered using 405 nm irradiation...
September 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986540/reactive-metabolites-of-acetaminophen-activate-and-sensitize-the-capsaicin-receptor-trpv1
#17
Mirjam J Eberhardt, Florian Schillers, Esther M Eberhardt, Linus Risser, Jeanne de la Roche, Christine Herzog, Frank Echtermeyer, Andreas Leffler
The irritant receptor TRPA1 was suggested to mediate analgesic, antipyretic but also pro-inflammatory effects of the non-opioid analgesic acetaminophen, presumably due to channel activation by the reactive metabolites parabenzoquinone (pBQ) and N-acetyl-parabenzoquinonimine (NAPQI). Here we explored the effects of these metabolites on the capsaicin receptor TRPV1, another redox-sensitive ion channel expressed in sensory neurons. Both pBQ and NAPQI, but not acetaminophen irreversibly activated and sensitized recombinant human and rodent TRPV1 channels expressed in HEK 293 cells...
October 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984797/validation-of-radial-artery-based-uncalibrated-pulse-contour-method-pulsioflex-in-critically-ill-patients-a-observational-study
#18
Jörn Grensemann, Jerome M Defosse, Meike Willms, Uwe Schiller, Frank Wappler, Samir G Sakka
BACKGROUND: Because of their simplicity, uncalibrated pulse contour (UPC) methods have been introduced into clinical practice in critical care but are often validated with a femoral arterial waveform. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to test the accuracy of cardiac index (CI) measurements and trending ability from a radial artery with one UPC. DESIGN: An observational study. SETTING: Tertiary care mixed-surgical ICU. Data were obtained from April 2015 to July 2016...
November 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983956/transitional-dialysis-care-units-a-new-approach-to-increase-home-dialysis-modality-uptake-and-patient-outcomes
#19
REVIEW
José A Morfín, Alex Yang, Elizabeth Wang, Brigitte Schiller
Home hemodialysis (HHD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) are associated with better clinical outcomes, lower hospitalization rates, and improved quality of life compared with conventional in-center hemodialysis. However, <12% of patients requiring dialysis therapy use HHD or PD in the United States, even though over 90% of nephrologists would choose home-based dialysis modalities for themselves. Inadequate patient education and decision-making support are key barriers to patients choosing home-based therapy...
October 5, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983196/characteristics-of-multi-institutional-health-sciences-education-research-a-systematic-review
#20
Jocelyn Huang Schiller, Gary L Beck Dallaghan, Terry Kind, Heather McLauchlan, Joseph Gigante, Sherilyn Smith
OBJECTIVES: Multi-institutional research increases the generalizability of research findings. However, little is known about characteristics of collaborations across institutions in health sciences education research. Using a systematic review process, the authors describe characteristics of published, peer-reviewed multi-institutional health sciences education research to inform educators who are considering such projects. METHODS: Two medical librarians searched MEDLINE, the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), EMBASE, and CINAHL databases for English-language studies published between 2004 and 2013 using keyword terms related to multi-institutional systems and health sciences education...
October 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
keyword
keyword
96176
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"