keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hbv vaccine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543299/low-occurrence-of-hbsag-but-high-frequency-of-transient-occult-hbv-infection-in-vaccinated-and-hbig-administered-infants-born-to-hbsag-positive-mothers
#1
Shan Zhou, Tingting Li, Jean-Pierre Allain, Bin Zhou, Yuming Zhang, Mei Zhong, Yongshui Fu, Chengyao Li
The status of chronic and occult HBV infection (OBI) in neonatal hepatitis B vaccine and immunoglobulin (HBIG) vaccinated infants born to HBsAg+ mothers was investigated at a major hospital in China. Seventy-seven and 15 blood samples were collected in first or second follow-up detection from the vaccinated babies aged 3 to 36 months born to 43 HBsAg+ or plus 25 HBeAg+ mothers. HBV infection was analyzed between the paired baby and mother by serology and DNA analysis. Among 77 children born to 68 HBsAg+ mothers, 3...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529116/italian-consensus-guidelines-for-the-management-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infections-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
Marco Sebastiani, Fabiola Atzeni, Laura Milazzo, Luca Quartuccio, Carlo Scirè, Giovanni Battista Gaeta, Giovanni Lapadula, Orlando Armignacco, Marcello Tavio, Ignazio Olivieri, Pierluigi Meroni, Laura Bazzichi, Walter Grassi, Alessandro Mathieu, Claudio Mastroianni, Evangelista Sagnelli, Teresa Santantonio, Caterina Uberti Foppa, Massimo Puoti, Loredana Sarmati, Paolo Airò, Oscar Massimiliano Epis, Rossana Scrivo, Miriam Gargiulo, Agostino Riva, Andreina Manfredi, Giovanni Ciancio, Gianguglielmo Zehender, Gloria Taliani, Luca Meroni, Salvatore Sollima, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Massimo Galli
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis B (HBV) infection, which is prevalent worldwide, is also frequently seen in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The Italian Society of Rheumatology (SIR) and the Italian Society of Infectious and Tropical Diseases (SIMIT) endorsed a national consensus process to review the available evidence on HBV management in RA patients and to produce practical, hospital-wide recommendations. METHODS: The consensus panel consisted of infectious disease consultants, rheumatologists and epidemiologists and used the criteria of the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine to assess the quality of the evidence and the strength of their recommendations...
May 18, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521532/new-antivirals-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-b
#3
Vincent Soriano, Pablo Barreiro, Laura Benitez, Jose M Peña, Carmen de Mendoza
Current treatment with oral nucleos(t)ides entecavir or tenofovir provide sustained suppression of HBV replication and clinical benefit in most chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected persons. However, HBV rebound generally occurs upon drug discontinuation due to persistence of genomic HBV reservoirs as episomic cccDNA and chromosomic integrated HBV-DNA. There is renewed enthusiasm on HBV drug discovery following recent successes with antivirals for hepatitis C and immunotherapies for some cancers. Areas covered: New drugs that target distinct steps of the HBV life cycle are been developed, including inhibitors of viral entry, new polymerase inhibitors, capsid and assembly inhibitors, virus release blockers, and disruptors of cccDNA formation and transcription...
May 18, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520708/hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-screening-among-pregnant-women-and-care-of-infants-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-positive-mothers-guam-2014
#4
Winston E Abara, Susan Cha, Tasneem Malik, Mia S DeSimone, Bernadette Schumann, Esther Mallada, Michael Klemme, Vince Aguon, Anne Marie Santos, Melissa Collier, Mary Kamb
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is endemic among adults in the U.S. territory of Guam (1,2). Perinatal HBV transmission, which occurs at birth from an infected mother to her newborn infant, is a major mode of HBV transmission and maintains HBV endemicity (3). Approximately 90% of HBV-infected infants will develop chronic HBV infection, and approximately 25% of those will die prematurely from liver failure or hepatocellular carcinoma (4,5). Since 1988, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has recommended that all pregnant women be screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), an indicator of HBV infection, and that infants of women who screen positive (HBsAg-positive women) receive postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) (hepatitis B vaccine and hepatitis B immunoglobulin [HBIG])...
May 19, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511308/-blood-borne-occupational-exposure-and-protection-in-medical-staff-of-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-hospital
#5
Z G Zhang, Q X Wei, Z P Yang, Q M Wei, X M Wang, X L Wang
Objective: To investigate blood-borne occupational exposure and related protection in the medical staff of a traditional Chinese medicine hospital, and to provide a reference for reducing the risk of blood-borne occupational exposure. Methods: Forty-eight medical workers with blood-borne occupational exposure in 2015 were selected to analyze the incidence of blood-borne occupational exposure, influencing factors, operations that caused blood-borne occupational exposure, pathogens, and occupational protection...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509875/in-silico-analysis-of-epitope-based-vaccine-candidates-against-hepatitis-b-virus-polymerase-protein
#6
Juzeng Zheng, Xianfan Lin, Xiuyan Wang, Liyu Zheng, Songsong Lan, Sisi Jin, Zhanfan Ou, Jinming Wu
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection has persisted as a major public health problem due to the lack of an effective treatment for those chronically infected. Therapeutic vaccination holds promise, and targeting HBV polymerase is pivotal for viral eradication. In this research, a computational approach was employed to predict suitable HBV polymerase targeting multi-peptides for vaccine candidate selection. We then performed in-depth computational analysis to evaluate the predicted epitopes' immunogenicity, conservation, population coverage, and toxicity...
May 16, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500726/mutations-associated-with-drug-resistance-and-prevalence-of-vaccine-escape-mutations-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-infection
#7
Maria Isabel Magalhães A Dos Santos, Sidelcina Pacheco Rugiere, Andreas Stocker, Maria Isabel Schinoni, Raymundo Paraná, Mitermayer G Reis, Luciano K Silva
BACKGROUND: The Brazilian public health system (SUS) has provided antiviral drugs for chronic hepatitis B treatment for over 10 years, but a system for monitoring for drug-related resistance mutations is not available. OBJECTIVES: Determine the presence of HBV mutations associated with resistance to nucleos(t)ide analogs among 81 patients with chronic HBV infection in Salvador - BA - Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: HBV-DNA was PCR amplified with primers deduced from the rt domain at the HBV P gene, the sequence extended 1032 bp (from amino acid 1 to 344 - rt domain)...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492447/the-yellow-fever-vaccine-misadventure-of-1942
#8
John S Marr, John T Cathey
In 1942, a hepatitis B outbreak occurred in the US Army after vaccination with contaminated lots of 17D yellow fever vaccine; long-term sequelae were surprisingly limited, and retrospective studies of carrier rates, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma were found to be minimal. Later studies identified the contaminant as hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the human serum component of the vaccine. Other than 2 follow-up studies of long-term sequelae and reports within US Military archives, the event has never been fully elucidated in its proper historical context in the medical literature available through MEDLINE (PubMed)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492419/seroprevalence-of-antibodies-and-antigens-against-hepatitis-a-e-viruses-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-in-germany-in-2015
#9
Alexandra Jablonka, Philipp Solbach, Michael Wöbse, Michael P Manns, Reinhold E Schmidt, Heiner Wedemeyer, Markus Cornberg, Georg M N Behrens, Svenja Hardtke
BACKGROUND: Migration because of miscellaneous political crises in countries in the Middle East and Africa is a global challenge for whole Europe from an economic, social, and public health view. There is an urgent need to generate comprehensive, evidence-based data to expedite further screening and vaccination strategies. METHODS: A total of 604 individuals ranging in age from 2 to 68 years who enrolled at a single reception center were tested for the prevalence of serologic markers for hepatitis virus types A, B, C, D, and E (HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV, HEV), respectively...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489180/does-infection-by-the-hepatitis-c-virus-decrease-the-response-of-immunization-against-the-hepatitis-b-virus-in-individuals-undergoing-dialysis
#10
Tarcila Maria Bonfim Ferreira, Tácio Giordano Santana Guimarães, Andrea Martins Melo Fontenele, Natalino Salgado, Adalgisa de Souza Paiva Ferreira, Alessandra Porto de Macedo Costa
Introduction: Vaccination is the most effective tool in preventing transmission of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). The patient with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on dialysis appear to be at greater risk of becoming infected with this virus and does not show the same vaccine response when compared to patients without uremia. Objectives: To evaluate the results related to the HBV vaccine and identify factors associated with the response in patients with CKD on hemodialysis...
April 27, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487055/recombinant-vaccinia-vector-based-vaccine-tiantan-boosting-a-novel-hbv-subunit-vaccine-induced-more-robust-and-lasting-immunity-in-rhesus-macaques
#11
Yao Deng, Xia Chuai, Pan Chen, Hong Chen, Wen Wang, Li Ruan, Wenhui Li, Wenjie Tan
This study explored several prime-boost strategies in rhesus macaques using various novel hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccines that showed promise as prophylactic and therapeutic approaches in our previous study using in a mouse model. The tested vaccines included an HBV particle subunit (HBSS1) vaccine and the recombinant vaccinia (RVJSS1) or adenoviral (rAdSS1) vector-based vaccines containing S (1-223aa) and PreS1 (21-47aa). The strength and maintenance of humoral activity (IgG and neutralizing antibodies) and cellular immunity (interferon-γ production assessed by IFN-γ enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISpot) assay) were investigated in a longitudinal study following various vaccination protocols until 79weeks post-vaccination...
June 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485338/clinical-observation-and-retrospective-study-of-the-influential-factors-of-liver-metastasis-in-306-cases-of-colon-cancer
#12
X Lin, M Lin, X Wei, Q Chen
PURPOSES/OBJECTIVES: By observing and analyzing the clinical features of the colon cancer and the influence factors of liver metastasis, we try to find out independent risk factors with significant influence on colon cancer liver metastasis as well as to provide reference for clinical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 306 cases of colon cancer patients' clinical data, including gender, age, primary focal size, primary focal intestinal segment, degree of differentiation, infiltration depth, level of serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) before surgery, lymph node metastasis, liver basic diseases were collected and recorded...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483198/targeted-outreach-hepatitis-b-vaccination-program-in-high-risk-adults-the-fundamental-challenge-of-the-last-mile
#13
M-J J Mangen, H Stibbe, A Urbanus, E C Siedenburg, Q Waldhober, G A de Wit, J E van Steenbergen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the on-going decentralised targeted hepatitis B vaccination program for behavioural high-risk groups operated by regional public health services in the Netherlands since 1-November-2002. Target groups for free vaccination are men having sex with men (MSM), commercial sex workers (CSW) and hard drug users (HDU). Heterosexuals with a high partner change rate (HRP) were included until 1-November-2007. METHODS: Based on participant, vaccination and serology data collected up to 31-December-2012, the number of participants and program costs were estimated...
May 31, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473203/time-to-re-evaluate-the-effect-of-the-adolescent-booster-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine
#14
EDITORIAL
Ellie Carmody
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469118/risk-perception-of-hepatitis-b-infection-and-uptake-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-among-students-of-tertiary-institution-in-jos
#15
M P Chingle, I A Osagie, H Adams, D Gwomson, N Emeribe, A I Zoakah
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Infection is endemic in Nigeria. Healthcare students are more vulnerable because of direct contact with patients' body fluids and blood. Risk perception of HBV and HB vaccine uptake are also poor. The aim of this study was to assess the level of risk perception of hepatitis B infection, and uptake of the HBV vaccine, between medical and other students of the University of Jos. METHODS: A comparative cross sectional study was conducted among 1,200 students of the departments of Medicine, Nursing sciences and Public Administration, University of Jos (400 from each arm) using a pretested self-administered questionnaire...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468285/immune-tolerant-chronic-hepatitis-b-the-unrecognized-risks
#16
REVIEW
Patrick T F Kennedy, Samuel Litwin, Grace E Dolman, Antonio Bertoletti, William S Mason
Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) progresses through multiple phases, including immune tolerant, immune active, immune control, and, in a subset of patients who achieve immune control, reactivation. The first, the immune tolerant phase, is considered to be prolonged in duration but essentially benign in nature, lacking long-term consequences, and thus not recommended for antiviral therapy. This review challenges the notion that the immune tolerant phase is truly benign and considers the possibility that events during this phase may contribute significantly to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and the premature death of 25% of HBV carriers worldwide...
April 29, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468062/-sero-epidemiological-analysis-on-hepatitis-b-among-children-aged-1-14-years-old-born-to-hbsag-positive-mother-in-china-2014
#17
F Z Wang, H Zheng, G M Zhang, N Miao, X J Sun, F Q Cui
Objective: To analyze the sero-epidemiological features of hepatitis B among children aged 1-14 years old who were born to HBsAg positive mothers. Methods: Based on the results from the hepatitis B national sero-survey in 2014, children aged 1-14 years old born to HBsAg positive mother were involved in this study. Positive rates on HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HBc by gender, age, nationality, birth place, residency (urban/rural), region (eastern/central/western) and related factors of HBsAg and anti-HBs for children under research, were analyzed by SPSS 18...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468011/overcoming-cd8-t-cell-exhaustion-in-viral-hepatitis-lessons-from-the-mouse-model-and-clinical-perspectives
#18
Dominik Wieland, Maike Hofmann, Robert Thimme
About 500 million people all over the world are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) and are thus at high risk of developing liver fibrosis, cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. While in adults about 90% of acutely HBV-infected patients clear the virus, only 30% of acute HCV infections clear spontaneously. Several mechanisms contribute to the failure in viral clearance. The main factors responsible for the chronification of HBV and HCV infection are, on the one hand, viral escape mutations leading to lack of recognition by antiviral immune cells and, on the other hand, loss of antiviral effector functions of virus-specific CD8+ T cells, called T-cell exhaustion...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466031/profile-and-prevalence-of-hbv-among-hiv-affected-individuals-attending-the-largest-public-hiv-care-center-in-india
#19
Suneeta Koli, C P Girish Kumar, V Selvaraj, R Prabu, C Chandrasekar, A S Valan, J Suria Kumar, K Raja
A large number of people living with HIV/AIDS residing in HBV endemic regions such as in India are highly susceptible to acquire co-infections like HBV but also transmit them to other due to their high risk behaviours. The present study aimed to estimate HBV prevalence and distribution of various HBV serological markers among HIV infected individuals. This cross sectional survey covered HIV infected individuals attending the largest HIV care center in India. Socio-demographic details and blood samples to screen for HBV seromarkers using commercial ELISA kits were collected...
September 2016: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465839/prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-vientiane-laos-2008-2014
#20
Marc Choisy, Sengdeuane Keomalaphet, Kinnaly Xaydalasouk, Fabrice Quet, Vatthanaphone Latthaphasavang, Yves Buisson
The Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) is still considered a highly endemic country for hepatitis B, mainly due to perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV), despite efforts made since 2004 for universal immunization of newborns. The prevalence of HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) carriage in pregnant women is a relevant marker for the risk of mother-to-child HBV transmission. This study aimed to assess the changes in prevalence of HBV infection among pregnant women attending the Mahosot Prenatal Clinic (Vientiane Capital)...
2017: Hepatitis Research and Treatment
keyword
keyword
96175
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"