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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149640/change-to-ecosystem-properties-through-changing-the-dominant-species-impact-of-pteridium-aquilinum-control-and-heathland-restoration-treatments-on-selected-soil-properties
#1
G Milligan, K E Booth, E S Cox, R J Pakeman, M G Le Duc, L Connor, S Blackbird, R H Marrs
It is well known that soils are influenced by the plant species that grow in them. Here we consider the effects of management-induced changes to plant communities and their soils during restoration within a 20-year manipulative experiment where the aim was to change a late-successional community dominated by the weed, Pteridium aquilinum, to an earlier-successional grass-heath one. The ecological restoration treatments altered the above- and below-ground components of the community substantially. Untreated plots maintained a dense Pteridium cover with little understory vegetation, cutting treatments produce significant reductions of Pteridium, whereas herbicide (asulam) produced significant immediate reductions in Pteridium but regressed towards the untreated plots within 10 years...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148198/ear-nose-and-throat-surgery-all-you-need-to-know-about-the-surgical-approach-to-the-management-of-middle-ear-effusions-in-australian-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-children
#2
REVIEW
Kelvin Kong, Francis J Lannigan, Peter S Morris, Amanda J Leach, Stephen J O'Leary
Otitis media (OM) is a common condition in Australia. It represents a spectrum of diseases from otitis media with effusion (OME) to chronic suppurative otitis media. For all the OM diagnoses, Australian Indigenous children have higher rates of early onset, severe and persistent disease. OME is the most common form of OM and often occurs after an upper respiratory tract infection. It can be difficult to diagnose (and often goes unrecognised). Hearing loss is the most important complication. The middle-ear effusion impedes the movement of the tympanic membrane and causes a conductive hearing loss of around 25 dB...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148129/development-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-rowing-the-rowstim-series
#3
Brian Andrews, Robin Gibbons, Garry Wheeler
Potentially, functional electrical stimulation (FES)-assisted exercise may have an important therapeutic role in reducing comorbidities associated with spinal cord injury (SCI). Here, we present an overview of these secondary life-threatening conditions, discuss the rationale behind the development of a hybrid exercise called FES rowing, and describe our experience in developing FES rowing technology. FES rowing and sculling are unique forms of adaptive rowing for those with SCI. The paralyzed leg musculature is activated by multiple channels of electrical pulses delivered via self-adhesive electrodes attached to the skin...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147499/nano-microvehicles-for-efficient-delivery-and-bio-sensing-at-the-cellular-level
#4
S Campuzano, B Esteban-Fernández de Ávila, P Yáñez-Sedeño, J M Pingarrón, J Wang
A perspective review of recent strategies involving the use of nano/microvehicles to address the key challenges associated with delivery and (bio)sensing at the cellular level is presented. The main types and characteristics of the different nano/microvehicles used for these cellular applications are discussed, including fabrication pathways, propulsion (catalytic, magnetic, acoustic or biological) and navigation strategies, and relevant parameters affecting their propulsion performance and sensing and delivery capabilities...
October 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147083/spinal-cord-stimulation-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-effects-on-posture-and-gait-a-preliminary-3d-biomechanical-study
#5
L Brugliera, A De Luca, S Corna, M Bertolotto, G A Checchia, M Cioni, P Capodaglio, C Lentino
We studied 8 patients with spinal cord stimulation (SCS) devices which had been previously implanted to treat neuropathic chronic pain secondary to Failed Back Surgery Syndrome. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of SCS on posture and gait by means of clinical scales (Short Form Health Survey-36, Visual Analogue Scale for pain, and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale) and instrumented evaluation with 3D Gait Analysis using a stereophotogrammetric system. The latter was performed with the SCS device turned both OFF and ON...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146500/motility-biofilm-formation-apoptotic-effect-and-virulence-gene-expression-of-atypical-salmonella-typhimurium-outside-and-inside-caco-2-cells
#6
Ibtissem Chakroun, Abdelkarim Mahdhi, Patricia Morcillo, Hector Cordero, Alberto Cuesta, Amina Bakhrouf, Kacem Mahdouani, M Ángeles Esteban
Disease outbreaks related to waterborne pathogen contamination throughout the world as well as challenges that lie ahead for addressing persistent infection are of renewed interest. In this research, we studied the effects of prolonged exposure of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium to the cues encountered in the extracellular environment particularly in seawater microcosm on bacterial virulence and subsequent infection in Caco-2 cells. Our data show a significant difference in biofilm formation, swimming and swarming motilities between normal and stressed cells of S...
November 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146395/correlation-between-intraoperative-proximal-segment-rotation-and-post-sagittal-split-ramus-osteotomy-relapse-a-three-dimensional-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#7
B-J Choi, B-S Lee, Y-D Kwon, J-W Lee, S-U Yun, K-S Ryu, J-Y Ohe
This study evaluated the effects of proximal segment rotation and the extent of mandibular setback on post-sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) relapse using three-dimensional (3D) analysis. Thirty-one patients diagnosed with a skeletal class III malocclusion who underwent SSRO alone were enrolled in this study. The movements of the mandibular condyles were assessed using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and a 3D imaging program at ≤1 month before the operation (T0), 1 week after the operation (T1), and 6 months (T2) and 1year (T3) postoperative...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145168/frontal-infraslow-activity-marks-the-motor-spasms-of-anti-lgi1-encephalitis
#8
Richard Wennberg, Claude Steriade, Robert Chen, Danielle Andrade
OBJECTIVE: The clinical and electrographic features of seizures in anti-LGI1 encephalitis are distinct from those seen in other autoimmune encephalitides or non-encephalitic epilepsies. One electroclinical phenomenon specific to the condition consists of lateralized motor spasms, known as faciobrachial dystonic seizures (FBDS). An electrodecremental pattern overriding a "DC shift" has been described as the EEG correlate of these spasms. We sought to further characterize this pre-spasm infraslow activity (ISA)...
October 28, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144185/rest-activity-circadian-rhythm-and-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#9
E Roveda, A Montaruli, L Galasso, C Pesenti, E Bruno, P Pasanisi, M Cortellini, S Rampichini, S Erzegovesi, A Caumo, F Esposito
Recent findings suggest that altered rest-activity circadian rhythms (RARs) are associated with a compromised health status. RARs abnormalities have been observed also in several pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular, neurological, and cancer diseases. Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common eating disorder, with a prevalence of 3.5% in women and 2% in men. BED and its associate obesity and motor inactivity could induce RARs disruption and have negative consequences on health-related quality of life...
November 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143206/characteristics-of-two-distinct-clinical-phenotypes-of-functional-psychogenic-dystonia-follow-up-study
#10
Igor N Petrović, Aleksandra Tomić, Marija Mitković Vončina, Danilo Pešić, Vladimir S Kostić
BACKGROUND: The fixed dystonia phenotype was originally established as a prototype of functional dystonia. Nevertheless, in recent reports different functional dystonia phenotypes have been recognized with dystonic movement comprising phasic instead of tonic contraction. OBJECTIVES: To examine clinical characteristic in all patients with dystonia who fulfilled the criteria for functional movement disorders irrespective of phenotype in an attempt to determine parameters of clinical presentations that might impact the disease progression pattern and outcome...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142031/activity-limitations-in-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-a-role-for-fear-of-movement-and-re-injury-beliefs
#11
Thijs W Swinnen, Johan W S Vlaeyen, Wim Dankaerts, Rene Westhovens, Kurt de Vlam
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fear of movement and (re)injury [FOM/(R)I] beliefs, measured with the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia 11-item version (TSK-11), influence activity limitations and mediate the relationship between pain severity and activity limitations in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: In 173 patients with axSpA, these data were collected: sex, body mass index, disease duration, medication, activity limitations (BASFI; Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index), disease activity [Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI); BASDAIinf, items 5 and 6; BASDAIpain, items 2 and 3; C-reactive protein and physician's global assessment], spinal mobility (BASMI; Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index), and FOM/(R)I (TSK-11)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141794/short-term-outcome-of-adem-results-from-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-south-india
#12
Mary Iype, P A Mohammed Kunju, Geetha Saradakutty, T S Anish, Mini Sreedharan, Shahanaz M Ahamed
INTRODUCTION: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), an immune mediated inflammatory disease is common in children. The profile and immediate outcome of children hospitalized with ADEM is scarce in the available literature. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the clinical profile of children with ADEM and to look for prognostic factors for outcome at discharge from hospital METHODS: We chose a retrospective cohort study of all children diagnosed with ADEM at our institution between January 2006 and December 2015, and they were evaluated, after excluding other diagnoses when they were summoned for a follow up visit...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141615/kinematic-characterization-of-clinically-observed-aberrant-movement-patterns-in-patients-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Peemongkon Wattananon, David Ebaugh, Scott A Biely, Susan S Smith, Gregory E Hicks, Sheri P Silfies
BACKGROUND: Clinical observation of aberrant movement patterns during active forward bending is one criterion used to identify patients with non-specific low back pain suspected to have movement coordination impairment. The purpose of this study was to describe and quantify kinematic patterns of the pelvis and trunk using a dynamics systems approach, and determine agreement between clinical observation and kinematic classification. METHOD: Ninety-eight subjects performed repeated forward bending with clinical observation and kinematic data simultaneously collected...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141513/alternative-scapular-stabilization-exercises-to-target-strength-endurance-and-function-of-shoulders-in-tetraplegia-a-prospective-time-series-study
#14
Carolina Lins, Alex Castro, Giovanna I S Medina, Eliza R F B M Azevedo, Bruno S Donato, Marina S S Chagas, Janaína Roland Tancredo, Letícia Vargas de Almeida, Alberto Cliquet
OBJECTIVE: Scapular stabilization exercises (SSE) are well-established for the able-bodies. The aim of the current study is to access the potential benefits of SSE on isometric internal and external rotator strength, endurance and function of the shoulder in persons with tetraplegia, throughout a 12-week exercise program consisting of five resisted movements with elastic bands. DESIGN: Prospective non-controlled intervention study. Setting/Participants/Interventions: A convenience sample of 17 subjects (age, 40...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141360/-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis
#15
Y Li, X S Weng, J Lin, J Jin, W W Qian
Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in treating the hip joint involvement of Psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Methods: From January 2005 to December 2016, a total of 15 PsA patients (20 hip joints) underwent THA in Department of Orthopaedics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. All the patients had obvious restriction in daily life before operation. The mean Harris score was 25.2 averagely and the mean total range of the hip joint movement was 39...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141124/the-effects-of-valbenazine-in-participants-with-tardive-dyskinesia-results-of-the-1-year-kinect-3-extension-study
#16
Stewart A Factor, Gary Remington, Cynthia L Comella, Christoph U Correll, Joshua Burke, Roland Jimenez, Grace S Liang, Christopher F O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Valbenazine, a highly selective vesicular monoamine transporter 2 inhibitor, is approved for the treatment of tardive dyskinesia. This is the first report of long-term effects in adults with tardive dyskinesia. METHODS: Participants with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or a mood disorder who completed the 6-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled period of KINECT 3 were eligible to enter the 42-week valbenazine extension (VE) period and subsequent 4-week washout period...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140721/long-term-stability-of-soft-tissue-changes-in-anterior-open-bite-adults-treated-with-zygomatic-miniplate-anchored-maxillary-posterior-intrusion
#17
Eiman S Marzouk, Hassan E Kassem
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate soft tissue changes and their long-term stability in skeletal anterior open bite adults treated by maxillary posterior teeth intrusion using zygomatic miniplates and premolar extractions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalograms of 26 patients were taken at pretreatment (T1), posttreatment (T2), 1 year posttreatment (T3), and 4 years posttreatment (T4). RESULTS: At the end of treatment, the soft tissue facial height and profile convexity were reduced...
November 15, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140663/a-recipe-for-justice-support-for-a-federal-food-justice-interagency-working-group
#18
Melanie Pugh
Systemic social justice issues are characterized as having complex and far-reaching causes. Food justice is one such an issue. Food justice is defined as “justice for all [people] in the food system,” from agricultural production to consumer products. Policies seeking to remedy systemic social justice issues often need to include the attention of many levels of government and coordination across multiple agencies to move issues forward. That is why finding a model for interagency collaboration that has evidenced success, especially over the long-term, is inspiring and worth mirroring...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140643/assessment-of-interventions-to-improve-air-quality-in-a-livestock-building
#19
T Renée Anthony, Anthony Y Yang, Thomas M Peters
This study examined the effectiveness of engineering controls to reduce contaminant concentrations in a swine farrowing room during winter in the U.S. Midwest. Over two winters, changes in air quality were evaluated following installation of a 1700 m3 h-1 (1000 cfm) recirculating ventilation system to provide 5.4 air exchanges per hour. This system incorporated one of two readily available dust control systems, one based on filtration and the other on cyclonic treatment. A second treatment evaluated reductions in carbon dioxide (CO2) associated with replacement of standard, unvented gas-fired heaters with new vented heaters, installed between the two winter test periods...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140168/revisiting-the-roles-of-tobamovirus-replicase-complex-proteins-in-viral-replication-and-silencing-suppression
#20
Nachelli Malpica-López, Rajendran Rajeswaran, Daria Beknazariants, Jonathan Seguin, Victor Golyaev, Laurent Farinelli, Mikhail M Pooggin
Tobamoviral replicase possesses an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RDR) domain and is translated from genomic (g)RNA via a stop codon readthrough mechanism at a one-to-ten ratio relative to a shorter protein lacking the RDR domain. The two proteins share methyltransferase and helicase domains and form a heterodimer implicated in gRNA replication. The shorter protein is also implicated in suppressing RNA silencing-based antiviral defenses. Using a stop codon mutant of Oilseed rape mosaic tobamovirus (ORMV), we demonstrate that the readthrough replicase (p182) is sufficient for gRNA replication and for subgenomic RNA transcription during systemic infection in Nicotiana benthamiana and Arabidopsis thaliana...
November 15, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
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