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MicroRNA AND sepsis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622229/shields-up-systemic-protection-provided-by-microrna-21-during-sepsis
#1
Cliona Ni Cheallaigh, Frederick J Sheedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552958/characterization-of-basal-and-lipopolysaccharide-induced-microrna-expression-in-equine-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-using-next-generation-sequencing
#2
Nicholas J Parkinson, Virginia A Buechner-Maxwell, Sharon G Witonsky, R Scott Pleasant, Stephen R Werre, S Ansar Ahmed
The innate immune response to lipopolysaccharide contributes substantially to the morbidity and mortality of gram-negative sepsis. Horses and humans share an exquisite sensitivity to lipopolysaccharide and thus the horse may provide valuable comparative insights into this aspect of the inflammatory response. MicroRNAs, small non-coding RNA molecules acting as post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, have key roles in toll-like receptor signaling regulation but have not been studied in this context in horses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525390/microrna-155-attenuates-late-sepsis-induced-cardiac-dysfunction-through-jnk-and-%C3%AE-arrestin-2
#3
Yu Zhou, Yan Song, Zahir Shaikh, Hui Li, Haiju Zhang, Yi Caudle, Shouhua Zheng, Hui Yan, Dan Hu, Charles Stuart, Deling Yin
Cardiac dysfunction is correlated with detrimental prognosis of sepsis and contributes to a high risk of mortality. After an initial hyperinflammatory reaction, most patients enter a protracted state of immunosuppression (late sepsis) that alters both innate and adaptive immunity. The changes of cardiac function in late sepsis are not yet known. MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is previously found to play important roles in both regulations of immune activation and cardiac function. In this study, C57BL/6 mice were operated to develop into early and late sepsis phases, and miR-155 mimic was injected through the tail vein 48 h after cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)...
May 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515178/a-model-specific-role-of-microrna-223-as-a-mediator-of-kidney-injury-during-experimental-sepsis
#4
James F Colbert, Joshay A Ford, Sarah M Haeger, Yimu Yang, Kyrie L Dailey, Kristen C Allison, Viola Neudecker, Christopher M Evans, Vanessa L Richardson, Kelley Brodsky, Sarah Faubel, Holger K Eltzschig, Eric P Schmidt, Adit A Ginde
Sepsis outcomes are heavily dependent on the development of septic organ injury, but no interventions exist to interrupt or reverse this process. MicroRNA-223 (miR-223) is known to be involved in both inflammatory gene regulation and host-pathogen interactions key to the pathogenesis of sepsis. The goal of this study was to determine the role of miR-223 as a mediator of septic kidney injury. Using miR-223 knockout mice and multiple models of experimental sepsis, we found that miR-223 differentially influences acute kidney injury (AKI) based on the model used...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497421/decreased-mir-128-and-increased-mir-21-synergistically-cause-podocyte-injury-in-sepsis
#5
Shanshan Wang, Jun Wang, Zengdi Zhang, Hongjun Miao
OBJECTIVE: Glomerular podocytes are injured in sepsis. We studied, in a sepsis patient, whether microRNAs (miRNAs) play a role in the podocyte injury. METHODS: Podocytes were cultured and treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Filtration barrier function of podocyte was analyzed with albumin influx assay. Nephrin level was analyzed with reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot. MiRNAs were detected using miRNAs PCR Array and in situ hybridization...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437377/microrna-21-is-required-for-local-and-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-in-multiple-organ-protection-against-sepsis
#6
Ping Jia, Xiaoli Wu, Yan Dai, Jie Teng, Yi Fang, Jiachang Hu, Jianzhou Zou, Mingyu Liang, Xiaoqiang Ding
OBJECTIVE: Sepsis, triggered by microbial infection, is a common and life-threatening systemic illness, often leads to impaired function of vital organs. Ischemic preconditioning induced by transient brief episodes of ischemia is a powerful innate mechanism of organ protection. We have reported that a 15-minute renal ischemic preconditioning substantially attenuated subsequent renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Here, we investigate whether a brief ischemia and reperfusion in kidney can provide protection at local and remote sites against sepsis-induced organ injury, and whether this protection is microRNA-21 dependent...
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382754/cellular-and-extracellular-mirnas-are-blood-compartment-specific-diagnostic-targets-in-sepsis
#7
Marlene Reithmair, Dominik Buschmann, Melanie Märte, Benedikt Kirchner, Daniel Hagl, Ines Kaufmann, Martina Pfob, Alexander Chouker, Ortrud K Steinlein, Michael W Pfaffl, Gustav Schelling
Septic shock is a common medical condition with a mortality approaching 50% where early diagnosis and treatment are of particular importance for patient survival. Novel biomarkers that serve as prompt indicators of sepsis are urgently needed. High-throughput technologies assessing circulating microRNAs represent an important tool for biomarker identification, but the blood-compartment specificity of these miRNAs has not yet been investigated. We characterized miRNA profiles from serum exosomes, total serum and blood cells (leukocytes, erythrocytes, platelets) of sepsis patients by next-generation sequencing and RT-qPCR (n = 3 × 22) and established differences in miRNA expression between blood compartments...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288804/mir-146a-potentially-promotes-ivig-mediated-inhibition-of-tlr4-signaling-in-lps-activated-human-monocytes
#8
Lionel Loubaki, Dominique Chabot, Isabelle Paré, Mathieu Drouin, Renée Bazin
IVIg is used as an immunomodulatory agent in inflammatory disorders such as sepsis. IVIg also affects monocyte differentiation and functions, two processes in which microRNAs play a crucial role. Monocytes detect microorganisms through pathogen recognition receptors (PRRs) such as TLR4. MiR-146a has been shown to supress NF-κB and IRF3 activity, two key components of TLR4 signaling. To evaluate whether miR-146a is involved in the anti-inflammatory effects of IVIg, monocytes were treated with LPS or IVIg alone or, alternately, first activated with LPS followed by washing and addition of IVIg...
March 10, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264607/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-curcumin-are-associated-with-down-regulating-microrna-155-in-lps-treated-macrophages-and-mice
#9
Feiya Ma, Fei Liu, Liang Ding, Ming You, Huimin Yue, Yujie Zhou, Yayi Hou
CONTEXT: The natural polyphenolic compound curcumin has been proved to modulate innate immune responses and possess anti-inflammatory properties. Nevertheless, the mechanism remains poorly understood, particularly regarding curcumin-regulated miRNAs under inflammatory response. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the role of miRNA-155 in the effects of curcumin on inflammatory response in cell and a mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-inflammatory activity of curcumin (5, 10 and 15 μM, 2 h) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 200 ng/mL)-induced cells were measured by quantitative PCR...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261201/circulating-micrornas-as-potential-biomarkers-of-infectious-disease
#10
REVIEW
Carolina N Correia, Nicolas C Nalpas, Kirsten E McLoughlin, John A Browne, Stephen V Gordon, David E MacHugh, Ronan G Shaughnessy
microRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding endogenous RNA molecules that regulate a wide range of biological processes by post-transcriptionally regulating gene expression. Thousands of these molecules have been discovered to date, and multiple miRNAs have been shown to coordinately fine-tune cellular processes key to organismal development, homeostasis, neurobiology, immunobiology, and control of infection. The fundamental regulatory role of miRNAs in a variety of biological processes suggests that differential expression of these transcripts may be exploited as a novel source of molecular biomarkers for many different disease pathologies or abnormalities...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258291/role-of-micrornas-in-sepsis
#11
REVIEW
S Manoj Kumar Kingsley, B Vishnu Bhat
INTRODUCTION: MicroRNAs have been found to be of high significance in the regulation of various genes and processes in the body. Sepsis is a serious clinical problem which arises due to the excessive host inflammatory response to infection. The non-specific clinical features and delayed diagnosis of sepsis has been a matter of concern for long time. FINDINGS: MicroRNAs could enable better diagnosis of sepsis and help in the identification of the various stages of sepsis...
March 3, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209713/mir-718-represses-proinflammatory-cytokine-production-through-targeting-phosphatase-and-tensin-homolog-pten
#12
Parisa Kalantari, Omid F Harandi, Sarika Agarwal, Florentina Rus, Evelyn A Kurt-Jones, Katherine A Fitzgerald, Daniel R Caffrey, Douglas T Golenbock
Bacterial sepsis involves a complex interaction between the host immune response and bacterial LPS. LPS binds Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4, which leads to the release of proinflammatory cytokines that are essential for a potent innate immune response against pathogens. The innate immune system is tightly regulated, as excessive inflammation can lead to organ failure and death. MicroRNAs have recently emerged as important regulators of the innate immune system. Here we determined the function of miR-718, which is conserved across mammals and overlaps with the 5' UTR of the interleukin 1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK1) gene...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164614/using-circulating-mirnas-as-biomarkers-for-the-evaluation-and-monitoring-of-the-mitochondrial-damage-in-the-critically-ill-polytrauma-patients
#13
REVIEW
Ovidiu H Bedreag, Marius Papurica, Alexandru F Rogobete, Dorel Sandesc, Raluca Dumache, Carmen A Cradigati, Mirela Sarandan, Lavinia M Bratu, Sonia E Popovici, Laurentiu V Sima
BACKGROUND: The multiple-traumatic critical patient presents a variety of pathophysiological, cellular, and molecular dysfunctions. One of the most important is represented by mitochondrial damage which afterwards is responsible for the augmentation and worsening of a series of pathologies that lead to the worsening of the clinical status of the patient. The severe inflammatory response, sepsis, and the redox imbalance are other pathologies that together with the multiple traumas are responsible for the mitochondrial dysfunctions...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164567/the-prognostic-value-of-plasma-microrna-155-and-microrna-146a-level-in-severe-sepsis-and-sepsis-induced-acute-lung-injury-patients
#14
Yan Han, Yong Li, Ying Jiang
BACKGROUND: Sepsis induced acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are lifethreatening disorders. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) scores and several plasma biological markers have been identified to predict the death or treatment outcome of sepsis induced ALI. Immune related microRNAs also have the potential as biomarkers to monitor this kind of disease. METHODS: A total of 44 patients with severe sepsis, 102 patients with sepsis, and 19 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147298/microrna-135a-is-up-regulated-and-aggravates-myocardial-depression-in-sepsis-via-regulating-p38-mapk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#15
Ge Zheng, Minli Pan, Weimin Jin, Guoxin Jin, Yumao Huang
MicroRNA-135a (miR-135a) is implicated in the pathological processes of several cancers. However, the roles and regulatory mechanism of miR-135a in sepsis-induced myocardial depression (MD) remain largely unknown. In this study, the serum of patients with sepsis and healthy controls was obtained. The miR-135a expression was then measured. Then lentiviruses (miR-135a mimic, inhibitor and scramble control) were transfected into BALB/c mice. After 4days of transfection, polymicrobial sepsis model was established by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) surgery...
April 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989958/functional-significance-of-exosomes-applied-in-sepsis-a-novel-approach-to-therapy
#16
REVIEW
Jingjing Wu, Yini Wang, Lanjuan Li
The nanoparticles referred as exosomes play an active role in intercellular communication. Their potential positive therapeutic effect in bacterial inflammation and sepsis has been the subject of several studies that have examined the feasibility of exosomes as drug-delivery vehicles. The underlying mechanism of interest involves the selective transport of cellular cargo. Most attention has been focused on the exosome-mediated transport of microRNA and protein. Thus, exosomes are expected to be an important tool in the treatment of inflammatory disease...
January 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890015/the-involvement-of-regulatory-non-coding-rnas-in-sepsis-a-systematic-review
#17
Jeffery Ho, Hung Chan, Sunny H Wong, Maggie H T Wang, Jun Yu, Zhangang Xiao, Xiaodong Liu, Gordon Choi, Czarina C H Leung, Wai T Wong, Zheng Li, Tony Gin, Matthew T V Chan, William K K Wu
BACKGROUND: Sepsis coincides with altered gene expression in different tissues. Accumulating evidence has suggested that microRNAs, long non-coding RNAs, and circular RNAs are important molecules involved in the crosstalk with various pathways pertinent to innate immunity, mitochondrial functions, and apoptosis. METHODS: We searched articles indexed in PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE and Europe PubMed Central databases using the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) or Title/Abstract words ("microRNA", "long non-coding RNA", "circular RNA", "sepsis" and/or "septic shock") from inception to Sep 2016...
November 28, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819637/patients-after-splenectomy-old-risks-and-new-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Mihnea Dragomir, Dragoş George Emil Petrescu, Graţiela Elena Manga, George A Călin, Cătălin Vasilescu
The risks that arise after splenectomy can be divided in infectious and non-infectious. The link between splenectomy and these hazards remains partially unknown. Host defense against infection is altered after splenectomy and such individuals develop sepsis more easily and the infection has a fulminant course. Splenectomy is also a potential risk factor for several vascular complications that result from partial or total obstruction of an arterial or venous blood vessel. Furthermore, pulmonary hypertensioncan be a severe and sometimes fatal complication following splenectomy...
2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740627/cellular-and-viral-micrornas-in-sepsis-mechanisms-of-action-and-clinical-applications
#19
REVIEW
Dana Elena Giza, Enrique Fuentes-Mattei, Marc David Bullock, Stefan Tudor, Matthew Joseph Goblirsch, Muller Fabbri, Florea Lupu, Sai-Ching Jim Yeung, Catalin Vasilescu, George Adrian Calin
Regardless of its etiology, once septic shock is established, survival rates drop by 7.6% for every hour antibiotic therapy is delayed. The early identification of the cause of infection and prognostic stratification of patients with sepsis are therefore important clinical priorities. Biomarkers are potentially valuable clinical tools in this context, but to date, no single biomarker has been shown to perform adequately. Hence, in an effort to discover novel diagnostic and prognostic markers in sepsis, new genomic approaches have been employed...
December 2016: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727247/inhibition-of-mir-155-protects-against-lps-induced-cardiac-dysfunction-and-apoptosis-in-mice
#20
Hui Wang, Yihua Bei, Peipei Huang, Qiulian Zhou, Jing Shi, Qi Sun, Jiuchang Zhong, Xinli Li, Xiangqing Kong, Junjie Xiao
Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction represents a major cause of death in intensive care units. Dysregulated microRNAs (miR)-155 has been implicated in multiple cardiovascular diseases and miR-155 can be induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). However, the role of miR-155 in LPS-induced cardiac dysfunction is unclear. Septic cardiac dysfunction in mice was induced by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (5 mg/kg) and miR-155 was found to be significantly increased in heart challenged with LPS. Pharmacological inhibition of miR-155 using antagomiR improved cardiac function and suppressed cardiac apoptosis induced by LPS in mice as determined by echocardiography, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay, and Western blot for Bax and Bcl-2, while overexpression of miR-155 using agomiR had inverse effects...
October 11, 2016: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
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