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renal pelvis carcinoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106244/second-malignancy-risk-in-patients-with-bronchopulmonary-carcinoids-epidemiological-results-from-italian-network-of-cancer-registries
#1
Filippo Lococo, Carla Galeone, Claudio Sacchettini, Giovanni Leuzzi, Alfredo Cesario, Massimiliano Paci, Lucia Mangone
PURPOSE: This epidemiological study aimed to determine the prevalence and characteristics of second tumors (STs) in patients with bronchopulmonary carcinoids (BCs). METHODS: Data on neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) from the AIRTUM registry (1975-2011) were used for the analysis. Among 32,325 NECs, we focused our analysis on 3,205 patients (9.9%) affected by BCs. The overall ST number and incidence were calculated. The number of STs was compared with the expected cancer number in the healthy Italian population, and the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated...
January 16, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103449/anatomical-templates-of-lymph-node-dissection-for-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
R Campi, A Minervini, A Mari, G Hatzichristodoulou, F Sessa, A Lapini, M Sessa, J E Gschwend, S Serni, M Roscigno, M Carini
Indications and techniques of lymph node dissection (LND) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) are still controversial. Areas Covered: In this study, a systematic review of the English-language literature was performed up to July 1, 2016 using the Medline, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Web of Sciences databases to provide a detailed overview of the most commonly dissected surgical templates of LND for UTUC according to laterality and location of the tumor. Overall, sixteen studies were analyzed. Based on the shared experiences in the scientific literature, the LND template typically included: for right-sided tumors of the renal pelvis, upper third and middle third of the ureter, the renal hilar, paracaval, precaval and retrocaval nodes, while for left-sided tumors the renal hilar, paraaortic and preaortic nodes...
January 19, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050435/mucinous-cystadenocarcinoma-in-a-horse-shoe-kidney-masquerading-as-giant-hydronephrosis-a-case-report-diagnostic-challenges-lessons-learnt-and-review-of-literature
#3
Leena Dennis Joseph, Sriram Krishnamoorthy, Rajendiran Swaminathan, Gokul Kripesh, Hariharasudhan Sekar
Primary epithelial tumour of the renal pelvis is a rare entity. So far, very few cases are reported in literature. Of these, mucin secreting adenocarcinomas are distinctly rare. However, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, that too arising in a horse shoe kidney is extremely rare to be reported. Mucinous cystadenomas and carcinomas arising from the renal pelvis are regarded to be secondary to a metaplastic change in the urothelium. Here, we present a case of a 51-year-old male, who complained of abdominal pain, palpable abdominal mass, haematuria along with passage of mucoid material in the urine, with a very poorly functioning kidney...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031042/transitional-cell-carcinoma-with-extension-of-the-renal-vein-and-ivc-tumor-thrombus-report-of-three-cases-and-literature-review
#4
Mingyang Li, An Shi, Wen Kong, Jin Zhang, Yonghui Chen, Jiwei Huang, Yiran Huang
BACKGROUND: Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) originating from the renal pelvis with a venous tumor thrombus is a rare entity. However, clinicians should be aware of it because of its high malignancy and poor prognosis. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report three cases of pathologically confirmed TCC originating from the renal pelvis with extension into the renal vein or inferior vena cava (IVC). Of these patients, two are males and one is female (58~73 years old)...
December 28, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005510/case-237-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-osseous-metaplasia
#5
Billy Ming Hei Lai, Solomon Yig Joon Ka, Wai Kuen Kan, Man Wah Lam, Tang Fei Lee, Yun Hoi Lui, Jennifer Lai San Khoo
History A 47-year-old man presented with palpitations and decreased exercise tolerance. A peripheral blood smear revealed anemia, thrombocytopenia, and blast cells, and a diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia was made. Immunohistochemistry revealed positivity for cluster of differentiation (or CD) markers, which have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of extramedullary leukemic involvement. Thus, contrast material-enhanced computed tomography (CT) of the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis was requested to enable exclusion of any extramedullary extension of leukemia...
January 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994635/diagnostic-utility-of-double-immunostaining-of-a-urine-cytology-preparation-for-cytokeratin-20-p53-expression-in-a-young-woman-with-micropapillary-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-renal-pelvis-presenting-as-an-unknown-primary-malignancy
#6
Hyun-Jung Kim, Lucky Sung, Jung-Yeon Kim, Kyeongmee Park
Atypical urine cytology (CYT) triggers a cystoscopic or another ancillary investigation that targets urothelial neoplasms. We report a case presenting as an unknown primary malignancy, which illustrated the diagnostic utility of direct double immunostaining for cytokeratin 20 (CK20)/p53 expression in a urine CYT specimen. A 42-year-old woman visited the emergency room for pain in her right lower abdominal quadrant. Computed tomography revealed postrenal obstructive hydronephrosis, and her urine CYT showed malignancy, type undetermined...
2016: CytoJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987509/-preoperative-prognostic-factors-and-preoperative-risk-stratification-of-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#7
Y C Xing, G Y Xiong, D Fang, Z Zhang, L Cai, L Zhang, Z S He, X S Li, L Q Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To identify the preoperative prognostic factors of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) and construct preoperative risk stratification system. METHODS: A retrospective study including 686 patients who were diagnosed with UTUC and received radical nephroureterectomy or partial ureterectomy in Peking University First Hospital during 2003 and 2013. RESULTS: Of the 686 UTUC patients, 303 (44.2%) were male and 383 (55.8%) female. The postoperative pathological examination showed that 203 (29...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920701/choroidal-metastasis-as-an-unusual-initial-presentation-of-transitional-cell-carcinoma-of-the-kidney
#8
Jamal Khader, Sara Mheid, Fawzi AbuHijla, Nadi AlKarmi, Yacoub Yousef, Yazan Othman
Metastases of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the renal pelvis to the eye is a very rare event, as only one previous case has been described in the literature. We present a patient with choroidal metastasis secondary to TCC of the renal pelvis, with a review of the relevant literature. A 61-year-old male presented with sudden-onset loss of vision of the left eye. Upon evaluation and assessment, the patient was found to have unilateral choroidal metastasis secondary to TCC of the renal pelvis. He is currently on palliative chemotherapy with carboplatin and gemcitabine...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908908/double-trouble-pelvi-ureteric-junction-obstruction-and-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-right-to-left-crossed-fused-ectopia
#9
Sumit Saini, Siddharth Yadav, Brusabhanu Nayak
Crossed renal ectopia is a rare occurrence. The majority of the crossed units are fused to their ipsilateral mate. Pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) in crossed fused moieties has been reported very rarely. Similarly, malignancy arising in the crossed over moieties is a rare occurrence too. Only a few cases have been reported earlier. We are here reporting an unusual case with coexistent PUJO and renal cell carcinoma in the crossed over moiety of right to left crossed fused ectopia. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case with both these pathologies, coexisting, in the crossed over moiety...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896135/thrombus-like-tumor-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-mimicking-transitional-cell-carcinoma-of-kidney-a-case-report
#10
Dyandra Parikesit, Chaidir A Mochtar, Budiana Tanurahardja, Sahat Matondang, Rainy Umbas, Agus Rizal Hamid
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignancy of the kidney. It is not commonly form tumor thrombus in the ureter or renal pelvis. A 29-year-old woman presented with asymptomatic gross hematuria. Contrast CT study revealed a tumor suspected to be a Transitional Cell Carcinoma (TCC). However, tumor thrombus was found in the renal pelvis and ureter. We performed Nephroureterectomy, bladder cuff excision, and lymph node dissection, and the tumor was diagnosed histopathologically as RCC. We report a very rare case of thrombus-like tumor of renal cell carcinoma mimicking transitional cell carcinoma of kidney...
January 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819754/urological-cancer-related-to-familial-syndromes
#11
Walter Henriques da Costa, George Jabboure, Isabela Werneck da Cunha
Cancer related to hereditary syndromes corresponds to approximately 5-10% of all tumors. Among those from the genitourinary system, many tumors had been identified to be related to genetic syndromes in the last years with the advent of new molecular genetic tests. New entities were described or better characterized, especially in kidney cancer such as hereditary leiomyomatosis renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC), succinate de¬hydrogenase kidney cancer (SDH-RCC), and more recently BAP1 germline mutation re¬lated RCC...
November 2, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818946/granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-producing-infiltrating-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-left-renal-pelvis-a-case-report
#12
Takamasa Horiuchi, Ken Shimizu, Kenichi Sasaki, Atsushi Kato, Yukio Homma
We report a case of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) producing infiltrating urothelial carcinoma of the left renal pelvis. The patient was referred to our hospital for fever and anorexia. Blood tests showed elevated level of leukocytosis without any infectious diseases. The serum concentration of G-CSF was remarkably elevated. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed a huge mass in the left renal pelvis and para-aortic lymph node enlargement. He was underwent left nephroureterectomy and para-aortic lymphadenectomy...
January 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790450/urothelial-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-renal-pelvis-a-rare-case-report
#13
Surekha B Hippargi, Savitri Mallikarjun Nerune, Mayank Kumar
Primary malignant tumors of the renal pelvis are relatively rare. Urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis accounts for 7% of all renal neoplasms, with Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) forming a very small percentage of these cases. Urothelial and SCC of renal pelvis is still a rarer entity. This malignancy of the renal pelvis lacks the characteristic presentation of common renal cell carcinoma and usually presents at an advanced disease stage. We report a case of urothelial and SCC of renal pelvis in a 61-year-old male who presented with non-specific clinical complaints like dysuria and right flank pain...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785421/lynch-syndrome-and-exposure-to-aristolochic-acid-in-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-its-clinical-impact
#14
REVIEW
Pierre Colin, Thomas Seisen, Romain Mathieu, Sharohkh F Shariat, Morgan Rouprêt
The purpose of the current review was to describe the clinical risk for Lynch syndrome (LS) after exposure to aristolochic acid (AA) in cases of upper urinary-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). A systematic review of the scientific literature was performed using the Medline database (National Library of Medicine, PubMed) using the following keywords: epidemiology, risk factor, AA, Balkan nephropathy (BNe), LS, hereditary cancer, hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), mismatch repair genes, urothelial carcinomas, upper urinary tract, renal pelvis, ureter, Amsterdam criteria, genetic counselling, mismatch repair genes, genetic instability, microsatellite, and Bethesda guidelines...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733243/nivolumab-monotherapy-in-recurrent-metastatic-urothelial-carcinoma-checkmate-032-a-multicentre-open-label-two-stage-multi-arm-phase-1-2-trial
#15
Padmanee Sharma, Margaret K Callahan, Petri Bono, Joseph Kim, Pavlina Spiliopoulou, Emiliano Calvo, Rathi N Pillai, Patrick A Ott, Filippo de Braud, Michael Morse, Dung T Le, Dirk Jaeger, Emily Chan, Chris Harbison, Chen-Sheng Lin, Marina Tschaika, Alex Azrilevich, Jonathan E Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Few effective treatments exist for patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma that has progressed after platinum-based chemotherapy. We assessed the activity and safety of nivolumab in patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma whose disease progressed after previous platinum-based chemotherapy. METHODS: In this phase 1/2, multicentre, open-label study, we enrolled patients (age ≥18 years) with urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, or urethra at 16 sites in Finland, Germany, Spain, the UK, and the USA...
October 7, 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725761/contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-with-quantitative-analysis-allows-differentiation-of-renal-tumor-histotypes
#16
Di Sun, Cong Wei, Yi Li, Qijie Lu, Wei Zhang, Bing Hu
Totally 85 patients with 93 renal lesions who underwent contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) were retrospectively studied with quantitative analysis to evaluate its value in the differential diagnosis of renal tumor histotypes. CEUS characteristics were analysed including the enhancement patterns, peak intensity, homogeneity of enhancement, and pseudocapsule. Quantitative parameters of peak intensity (P) and time to peak (TP) were measured with QontraXt software, and the index "relative enhancement percentage" ΔP% and "difference in TP between tumor and cortex" ΔTP were used to quantify the CEUS features of renal tumors...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720534/systematic-review-on-the-fate-of-the-remnant-urothelium-after-radical-cystectomy
#17
Georgios Gakis, Peter C Black, Bernard H Bochner, Stephen A Boorjian, Arnulf Stenzl, George N Thalmann, Wassim Kassouf
CONTEXT: Urothelial carcinoma is considered a pan-urothelial disease. As such, the remnant urothelium in the upper urinary tract and urethra following radical cystectomy (RC) remains at risk for secondary urothelial tumors (SUTs). OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of patients with SUTs after RC. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic search was conducted using PubMed database according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines to identify studies between 1970 and 2016 reporting on malignant diseases of the urothelium after RC for bladder cancer...
October 6, 2016: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694174/evaluation-of-prostate-cancer-with-radiolabeled-amino-acid-analogs
#18
David M Schuster, Cristina Nanni, Stefano Fanti
Conventional imaging of prostate cancer has limitations related to the frequently indolent biology of the disease. PET is a functional imaging method that can exploit various aspects of tumor biology to enable greater detection of prostate cancer than can be provided by morphologic imaging alone. Radiotracers that are in use or under investigation for targeting salient features of prostate cancer include those directed to glucose, choline, acetate, prostate-specific membrane antigen, bombesin, and amino acids...
October 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678251/outcomes-of-annual-surveillance-imaging-in-an-adult-and-paediatric-cohort-of-succinate-dehydrogenase-b-mutation-carriers
#19
Nicola Tufton, Lucy Shapiro, Umasuthan Srirangalingam, Polly Richards, Anju Sahdev, Ajith V Kumar, Lorraine McAndrew, Lee Martin, Daniel Berney, John Monson, Shern L Chew, Mona Waterhouse, Maralyn Druce, Márta Korbonits, Karl Metcalfe, William M Drake, Helen L Storr, Scott A Akker
OBJECTIVE: For 'asymptomatic carriers' of the succinate dehydrogenase subunit B (SDHB) gene mutations, there is currently no consensus as to the appropriate modality or frequency of surveillance imaging. We present the results of a surveillance programme of SDHB mutation carriers. DESIGN: Review of clinical outcomes of a surveillance regimen in patients identified to have an SDHB gene mutation, based on annual MRI, in a single UK tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: A total of 92 patients were identified with an SDHB gene mutation...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660736/renal-cell-carcinoma-metastasized-to-pagetic-bone
#20
Ashley Ramirez, Bo Liu, Baiywo Rop, Michelle Edison, Michael Valente, Jeremy Burt
Paget's disease of the bone, historically known as osteitis deformans, is an uncommon disease typically affecting individuals of European descent. Patients with Paget's disease of the bone are at increased risk for primary bone neoplasms, particularly osteosarcoma. Many cases of metastatic disease to pagetic bone have been reported. However, renal cell carcinoma metastasized to pagetic bone is extremely rare. A 94-year-old male presented to the emergency department complaining of abdominal pain. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen demonstrated a large mass in the right kidney compatible with renal cell carcinoma...
2016: Curēus
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