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Pegasys,hepatitis B

Weidong Zhou, Daru Lu, Xiaojin Liao, Lu Zhuang, Li Sun
AIM: To assess the immunogenicity of Peginterferon alpha-2 b(Pegberon) and its effect on the efficacy and safety in phase III clinical trial, by comparing it with the control drug Pegasys. METHODS: 770 patients were recruited in total. 509 were treated with Pegberon plus ribavirin and 261 were treated with Pegasys plus ribavirin. After treatment of 12 and 24 weeks, plasma samples were collected from individual patients for detecting the anti-therapeutic antibodies (ATA) and hepatitis C RNA(HCV RNA), to evaluate the production of antibodies and their adverse effect on the efficacy and safety of the treatments...
November 6, 2017: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
Simon D Baugh
Chronic Hepatitis B is a major global health issue, and has no known cure. Currently there are over 240 million people infected with the disease, and it leads to the death of over 686,000 people each year. A total of seven treatments which help to control the disease are currently available: interferon-based treatments (pegasys, and interferon alpha), and nucleoside and nucleotide analogs (Viread, Baraclude, Tyzeka, Hepsera, Epivir-HBV), but all require continuing treatment to maintain control of the disease...
January 4, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
Young Eun Chon, Dong Joon Kim, Sang Gyune Kim, In Hee Kim, Si Hyun Bae, Seong Gyu Hwang, Jeong Heo, Jeong Won Jang, Byung Seok Lee, Hyung Joon Kim, Dae Won Jun, Kang Mo Kim, Woo Jin Chung, Moon Seok Choi, Jae Young Jang, Hyung Joon Yim, Won Young Tak, Ki Tae Yoon, Jun Yong Park, Kwang-Hyub Han, Ki Tae Suk, Hyun Woong Lee, Byoung Kuk Jang, Sang Hoon Ahn
Currently, limited data are available regarding the efficacy and safety of pegylated interferon alpha-2a (PEG-IFN α-2a) in Korean patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), in whom hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype C is the most common type.We collected data from 439 patients (HBeAg positive, n = 349; HBeAg negative, n = 90) with CHB who were treated with PEG-IFN α-2a as a first-line therapy from 18 institutions. Treatment responses at the end of treatment (ET) and at 6 months posttreatment (PT6) were compared between the patients who were treated for 24 weeks versus 48 weeks, and adverse events (AEs) were evaluated...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xuefu Chen, Xiaoping Chen, Wenli Chen, Xiaojun Ma, Jing Huang, Ren Chen
The present study compared the efficacy of standard and extended durations of PEG-IFNα-2a monotherapy for treatment of HBeAg-negative Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis B. Patients were randomized to receive standard therapy (n = 38; 48 weeks treatment) or extended therapy (n = 42; 72 weeks treatment). Extended therapy resulted in a significantly higher HBV DNA inhibition at 24 and 48 weeks after the end of treatment, a significantly higher sustained HBV DNA inhibition at the end of treatment, and a significantly lower HBsAg level at 24 and 48 weeks after the end of treatment (P < 0...
October 2014: Journal of Medical Virology
Tai-Chung Tseng, Jia-Horng Kao, Ding-Shinn Chen
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global health problem. Peginterferon α (PEG-IFN), which includes PEG-IFN α-2a (Pegasys) and PEG-IFN α-2b (Peg-Intron), can be used to treat patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. A finite duration of PEG-IFN therapy may lead to long-term viral suppression. Clinically, it is important to identify super-responders and null-responders to PEG-IFN due to its substantial side effects. AREAS COVERED: From the literature review, it is known that PEG-IFN is more effective for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients who have high pre-treatment alanine aminotransferase level, lower HBV DNA level and genotype A (vs genotype D), as well as those with more favourable viral predictors, such as precore stop codon or basal core promoter mutants infections in Asian patients and wild-type virus in Caucasian patients...
July 2014: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
Yun-Song Qian, Ling Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effects of Pegasys (pegylated interferon alpha-2a) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with low-level alanine transaminase (ALT) < 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN). METHODS: One hundred and seven CHB patients were randomized enrolled including 52 with ALT < 2 x ULN and liver tissues inflammation activity > or = G2 as observational group and 55 with ALT > 2 x ULN as control group. All the enrolled patients received pegasys treatment for 48 weeks and the responses between two groups were compared...
June 2013: Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology
Anthony T Tan, Long Truong Hoang, Daniel Chin, Erik Rasmussen, Uri Lopatin, Stefan Hart, Hans Bitter, Tom Chu, Lore Gruenbaum, Palani Ravindran, Hua Zhong, Ed Gane, Seng Gee Lim, Wan Cheng Chow, Pei-Jer Chen, Rosemary Petric, Antonio Bertoletti, Martin Lloyd Hibberd
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The interaction between HBV replication and immune modulatory effects mediated by IFNα therapy is not well understood. We characterized the impact of HBV DNA replication on the early IFNα-induced immunomodulatory mechanisms. METHODS: We interrogated the transcriptional, serum cytokine/chemokine and cellular immune profiles of 28 patients with HBeAg+ chronic HBV infection (CHB) randomly assigned to one of 4 treatment cohorts (untreated n=5, weekly dosing of 360 μg Pegasys [PegIFNα] n=11, daily dose of 300 mg Viread [tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, TDF] n=6, or a combination of both n=6)...
January 2014: Journal of Hepatology
Sahar Maklad, Gamal Esmat, Wahid Doss, Alaa Abou-Zeid, Sameh Seif El-Din
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of pegylated interferon alpha-2a 180μg as a treatment for hepatitis B 'e' antigen (HBeAg)-positive genotype D chronic hepatitis B patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients attending the outpatient clinic at the National Hepatology and Tropical Medicine Research Institute were treated with peg.interferon alpha-2a (180μg) weekly for a period of 48 weeks. Pre-enrolment assessment was performed through biochemical, serological and quantitative HBV DNA testing...
June 2013: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
Qin Ni, Xie Tian-Sheng, Li Min-Wei, Liu Ke-Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of combination therapy with peginterferon alfa-2a (Pegasys) +/- nucleos(t)ide analogues (NUC) and bicyclol in chronic hepatitis B with high ALT levels at baseline and during early treatment. METHODS: CHB patients were treated with PEG-IFNalpha-2a for a minimum of 48 weeks. All patients were followed up for 26 weeks post-treatment. Patients with HBV DNA > or = 1 x 10(8) copies/ml were combined with NUC (adefovir or entecavir) treatment...
April 2012: Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology
Qing Mao, Hui-Yan Zhang, Jian-Ping You, Xu-Qing Zhang
Severe acute exacerbation or liver failure induced by standard interferon-α(IFN-α) therapy had been reported to occur in few patients with chronic hepatitis B. However, no report showed that pegylated interferon-α therapy was able to induce severe acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis B. Here, we describe three patients with severe acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis B during pegylated interferon-α2a (Pegasys) treatment. One patient progressed into acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) at the second week of Pegasys treatment...
July 24, 2012: Virology Journal
C-C Chen, P-C Wang, H-W Chang, C-F Chen
The focus of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sequential peginterferon α-2a (Pegasys) therapy for chronic hepatitis B with acute exacerbation [ALT > 10 × upper limit of normal (ULN), bilirubin <2.0 mg/dL]. Four groups of patients categorized by HBeAg status and treatment regimens were studied since May 2007. Nineteen HBeAg-positive patients (Group 1) had received entecavir  pretreatment  (when ALT > 10 × ULN) plus Pegasys (180 μg/kg/week, when ALT was 5-10 × ULN) for 24 weeks...
March 2012: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Ming-hui Li, Yao Xie, Yao Lu, Guo-hua Qiu, Feng Liu, Xing-hong Li, Hui Zhao, Shu-jing Song, Xiao-ping Guan, Jun Cheng, Dao-zhen Xu
OBJECTIVE: HBsAg loss and seroconversion in patients with chronic hepatitis B leads to long-lasting good clinical outcomes. The aim of this paper was to investigate to improve the rate of HBsAg loss and seroconversion in chronic hepatitis B patients by prolonged treatment of PEG-IFNa-2a. 217 cases of HBeAg-positive or negative patients were collected from inpatient and outpatient in Beijing Ditan Hospital from May 2005 to October 2009 and subcutaneous injection of 135 ug or 180 ug PEGASYS were given once a week according to body weights...
March 2011: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Seyed-Moayed Alavian, Seyed Vahid Tabatabaei, Maryam Keshvari, Bita Behnava, Seyyed Mohammad Miri, Pegah Karimi Elizee, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is a major comorbidity in patients with haemophilia. Peginterferon alpha and ribavirin is current standard anti-HCV therapy but there is little information about safety and efficacy of peginterferon alpha-2a and ribavirin combination therapy in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In an open-label single-treatment arm cohort study, 367 haemophilia patients seronegative for hepatitis B and human immunodeficiency virus markers and chronically infected with HCV (HCV RNA>50 IU/ml for at least 6 months) received 180 microg of Pegasys and 800-1200 mg of ribavirin according to body weight...
September 2010: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
R Tomova, K Antonov, A Ivanova, J J L Jacobs, J W Koten, W Den Otter, Z Krastev
BACKGROUND: Patients with concomitant hepatitis C (HCV) and B (HBV) infection are difficult to treat due to lack of medicines that control these viral infections and the high risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. Currently, there are insufficient data regarding the therapeutic effect of interleukin-2 (IL-2) during chronic viral infection, but this cytokine has shown antineoplastic activity and may have also an antiviral effect. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 44-year-old patient with hemophilia A, HBV and HCV related compensated liver cirrhosis (Child-Pugh A) with several zones in the liver, highly suspicious for hepatocellular carcinoma...
December 2009: Anticancer Research
Gillian M Keating
Peginterferon-alpha-2a (40 kD) [Pegasys] comprises an inert, branched, 40 kD polyethylene glycol (PEG) moiety attached to interferon-alpha-2a. Subcutaneous peginterferon-alpha-2a (40 kD) is indicated for the treatment of adults with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive or -negative chronic hepatitis B who have compensated liver disease with evidence of viral replication and hepatic inflammation. Subcutaneous peginterferon-alpha-2a (40 kD) has antiviral and immunomodulatory properties and a convenient once-weekly administration schedule...
2009: Drugs
Ramesh Kumar, Vikas Singla, Subrat k Kacharya
Individuals at risk of HIV are concomitantly at risk of acquiring parenterally or sexually transmitted viruses, including HBV and HCV. After the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART), liver disease has emerged as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected persons. HBV, HCV and HIV share common routes of transmission, but the differential efficiency of these viruses to the types of exposures underlies difference in their prevalence by geographic region. Coinfection alters the natural history of each of these viruses in a peculiar way; furthermore coinfection with viral hepatitis may complicate the delivery of ART by increasing the risk of drug-related hepatoxicity and impacting the selection of specific agents (e...
July 2008: Tropical Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
Henry L-Y Chan, Vincent W-S Wong, Angel M-L Chim, Grace L-H Wong, Hoi-Yun Chan, Joseph J-Y Sung
BACKGROUND: Although nucleot(s)ide analogues can effectively suppress hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication, many patients experience relapse of hepatitis after cessation of treatment. We aimed to investigate the efficacy of pegylated interferon alpha2a (PEG-IFN-alpha2a) in these difficult-to-treat patients. METHODS: Chronic hepatitis B patients who have received antiviral drugs for > or =12 months and stopped for > or =6 months were treated by 48-week PEG-IFN-alpha2a...
2008: Antiviral Therapy
Th Witthöft, B Möller, K H Wiedmann, St Mauss, R Link, J Lohmeyer, M Lafrenz, C M Gelbmann, D Hüppe, C Niederau, U Alshuth
The combination treatment of peginterferon alpha-2a (PEG-IFN alpha-2a; Pegasys) plus ribavirin (RBV) is recommended as a standard care for HCV infections. Side effects and aspects of efficacy and safety have to be balanced. This study evaluates clinical practice data on safety and efficacy of HCV treatment with PEG-IFN in combination with RBV over 24 and 48 weeks. This study was a phase III, multi-centre, open-label study with two treatment groups: PEG-IFN in combination with RBV for 24 or 48 weeks. The allocation to the treatment groups was at the discretion of the investigator; 309 patients entered active treatment: 90 patients received PEG-IFN plus RBV for 24 weeks and 219 patients PEG-IFN plus RBV for 48 weeks...
November 2007: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
B Ramos, M Núñez, A Rendón, M A Berdún, E Losada, I Santos, S Echevarría, A Ocampo, C Miralles, P Arazo, P Barreiro, M Romero, P Labarga, J M Guardiola, J Garcia-Samaniego, V Soriano
The response to hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy seems to be lower in HCV/HIV-coinfected patients than in HCV-monoinfected individuals. Given that most pivotal trials conducted in coinfected patients have used the combination of pegylated interferon (pegIFN) along with fixed low doses (800 mg/day) of ribavirin (RBV), it is unclear whether HIV itself and/or suboptimal RBV exposure could explain this poorer outcome. Two well-defined end points of early virological response were evaluated in Peginterferon Ribavirina España Coinfección (PRESCO), a multicentre trial in which the combination of pegIFN plus RBV (1000 mg if body weight <75 kg and 1200 mg if >75 kg) was prescribed to coinfected patients...
June 2007: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
H Telser, B Mülhaupt, B Helbling, P Zweifel
The two approved combination therapies for the treatment of hepatitis C in Switzerland (Pegasys/Copegus, PAC; PegIntron/Rebetol, PIR) are very similar in terms of efficacy and safety. This study aims at comparing the cost of the two therapies and determining the cost-efficient treatment algorithm. Average cost amounts to CHF 21700.-(PAC) and CHF 19700.- (PIR) for patients with genotype 1 and to CHF 15600.- (PAC) and CHF 15000.- (PIR) for patients with genotype 2/3, respectively. The consistent use of PIR is 9 to 12% cheaper than PAC...
August 10, 2005: Praxis
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