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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902761/care-of-water-polo-players
#1
Jennifer D Stromberg
Water polo is a team sport that combines swimming with overhead throwing and wrestling. This places water polo players at risk for a unique group of illnesses and injuries. In addition to the medical problems and injuries seen in competitive swimmers, water polo players are at risk for a variety of traumatic injuries, including concussions, eye injuries, tympanic membrane perforation, fractures, dislocations, and lacerations. Repetitive overhead throwing also places these athletes at risk for related injuries, such as shoulder problems, including rotator cuff strain and impingement, and elbow problems, such as ulnar collateral ligament injuries, posteromedial impingement, and osteochondritis dissecans of the radial capitellum...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901818/brachialis-muscle-transfer-for-reconstructing-digital-flexion-after-brachial-plexus-injury-or-forearm-injury
#2
Yun-Dong Shen, Mou-Xiong Zheng, Xu-Yun Hua, Yan-Qun Qiu, Ke-Jia Hu, Wen-Dong Xu
Restoration of digital flexion after brachial plexus injury or forearm injury has been a great challenge for hand surgeons. Nerve transfer and forearm donor muscle transfer surgeries are not always feasible. The present study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of restoring digital flexion by brachialis muscle transfer. Ten lower brachial plexus- or forearm-injured patients were enrolled. After at least 12 months following surgery, the middle-finger-to-palm distance was less than 2.5 cm in six patients...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888723/isolated-biceps-reflection-pulley-tears-treated-with-subpectoral-biceps-tenodesis-minimum-2-year-outcomes
#3
Alexander R Vap, J Christoph Katthagen, Dimitri S Tahal, Marilee P Horan, Erik M Fritz, Jonas Pogorzelski, Peter J Millett
PURPOSE: To investigate if patients younger than 50 years old had improved functional outcomes after subpectoral biceps tenodesis (BT) for the treatment of biceps reflection pulley (BRP) lesions at minimum 2-year postoperative follow-up. METHODS: Patients who had arthroscopically confirmed BRP tears that were treated with subpectoral BT and were at least 2 years out from surgery were included; patients were excluded if they had concomitant reconstructive or reparative procedures at index surgery...
September 6, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887648/evaluation-of-donor-site-morbidity-after-medial-triceps-brachii-free-flap-for-lower-limb-reconstruction
#4
A Delgove, R Weigert, V Casoli
INTRODUCTION: The medial head of the triceps brachii muscle (MTB)-free flap is an attractive solution to cover small-to-medium defects of the lower limb. This muscular head has no well-identified function, suggesting minimal impact of its removal on elbow mobility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and reliability of the harvest procedure and the functional and cosmetic morbidity of this donor site. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive MTB-free flaps were performed for reconstructive surgery of the lower limb between 2011 and 2015...
September 8, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886018/minimal-important-change-and-other-measurement-properties-of-the-oxford-elbow-score-and-the-quick-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-in-patients-with-a-simple-elbow-dislocation-validation-study-alongside-the-multicenter-funcsie-trial
#5
Gijs I T Iordens, Dennis Den Hartog, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Denise Eygendaal, Niels W L Schep, Michael H J Verhofstad, Esther M M Van Lieshout
STUDY DESIGN: Validation study using data from a multicenter, randomized, clinical trial (RCT). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability, validity, responsiveness, and minimal important change (MIC) of the Dutch version of the Oxford Elbow Score (OES) and the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (Quick-DASH) in patients with a simple elbow dislocation. BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures are increasingly important for assessing outcome following elbow injuries, both in daily practice and in clinical research...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885383/application-of-a-modified-pedicled-adipofascial-lateral-arm-flap-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-radial-nerve-injuries
#6
Steven M Koehler, Andrew P Matson, Suhail K Mithani
The fasciocutaneous lateral arm flap is a workhorse flap in upper extremity reconstruction. However, its adipofascial variant is not widely used. The technique can be used in various clinical scenarios. The adipofascial flap can be transposed to circumferentially wrap the radial nerve with a pliable, vascularized fat and fascial envelope, mimicking the natural fatty environment of peripheral nerves. This technique has the advantage of providing a scar tissue barrier, a barrier to hardware irritation and a milieu for vascular regeneration of the nerve...
September 6, 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882380/differences-between-orthopaedic-evaluation-and-radiological-reports-of-conventional-radiographs-in-patients-with-minor-trauma-admitted-to-the-emergency-department
#7
Michele Catapano, Domenico Albano, Grazia Pozzi, Riccardo Accetta, Sergio Memoria, Fabrizio Pregliasco, Carmelo Messina, Luca Maria Sconfienza
INTRODUCTION: During night and on weekends, in our emergency department there is no radiologist on duty or on call: thus, X-ray examinations (XR) are evaluated by the orthopaedic surgeon on duty and reported the following morning/monday by radiologists. The aim of our study was to examine the discrepancy rate between orthopaedists and radiologists in the interpretation of imaging examinations performed on patients in our tertiary level orthopaedic institution and the consequences of delayed diagnosis in terms of patient management and therapeutic strategy...
September 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878540/bare-medial-epicondyle-physeal-fracture-of-the-humerus-a-case-report
#8
Takashi Oda, Kenji Watanabe
We identified an unusual case of the medial epiondyle physeal fracture, which has been caused by a direct blow, accompanied with complete stripping of soft tissue. Surgery was performed for open reduction and internal fixation of the medial epicondyle and reattachment of the anterior oblique bundle of medial collateral ligament and flexor muscle origin. Six months after the surgery, strength of wrist flexion and forearm pronation, range of motion and valgus stability of the left elbow had recovered. One year after the injury, radiographs showed atrophy and sclerosis of the medial epicondylar apophysis...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878539/unusual-association-of-elbow-dislocation-with-humeral-biepicondylar-fracture-in-a-child-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
Prabhat Agrawal, Saubhik Das, Vikas Gupta, Sumit Arora
Humeral biepicondylar fracture with elbow dislocation is an unusual pattern of injury encountered in paediatric population. We reported a case of humeral biepicondylar fracture-dislocation of elbow in a 11-year-old boy, who presented with tender, swollen, and deformed left elbow following fall on his outstretched hand. Roentgenographic and CT evaluation confirmed the diagnosis, and also showed incarcerated medial epicondylar fragment. Closed reduction was unsuccessful; open reduction and internal fixation was performed with headless screws...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878538/triceps-tendon-reconstruction-using-autologous-semitendinosis-graft-in-professional-kabaddi-player-a-rare-case-report
#10
Ravi K Gupta, Ashwani Soni, Anubhav Malhotra, Gladson David Masih
Triceps tendon rupture is a rare injury occurs due to sudden forceful contraction of triceps against flexed elbow. Though there are case reports describing various treatment options for this injury, including primary repair as well as reconstruction using different technique, no standardised technique has been defined. We present, for the first time, a case of five month old neglected triceps tendon rupture in a professional kabaddi player. Ruptured tendon was reconstructed using free autologous semitendinous graft with good functional outcome...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877548/sonoanatomy-of-sensory-branches-of-the-ulnar-nerve-below-the-elbow-in-healthy-subjects
#11
Ki Hoon Kim, Seok Jun Lee, Byung Kyu Park, Dong Hwee Kim
INTRODUCTION: To identify sensory branches of the ulnar nerve - palmar ulnar cutaneous nerve (PUCN), dorsal ulnar cutaneous nerve (DUCN), and superficial sensory branch - using ultrasonography. METHODS: In 60 forearms of 30 healthy adult volunteers, the origin and size of the PUCN, DUCN, and superficial sensory branch were measured using ultrasonography. The relative pathway of the DUCN to the ulnar styloid process was also investigated. RESULTS: The PUCN was observed in 47 forearms (78%), and DUCN in all...
September 6, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872413/restoration-of-active-pick-up-function-in-patients-with-total-brachial-plexus-avulsion-injuries
#12
Feng Li, Shu-Feng Wang, Peng-Cheng Li, Yun-Hao Xue, Ji-Yao Zou, Wen-Jun Li
We designed multiple nerve transfers in one surgery to restore active pick-up function in patients with total brachial plexus avulsion injuries. Forty patients with total brachial plexus avulsion injuries first underwent multiple nerve transfers. These included transfer of the accessory nerve onto the suprascapular nerve to recover shoulder abduction, contralateral C7 nerve onto the lower trunk via the modified prespinal route with direct coaptation to restore lower trunk function and onto the musculocutaneous nerve with interpositional bridging by medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve arising from lower trunk to restore elbow flexion, and the phrenic nerve onto the posterior division of lower trunk to recover elbow and finger extension...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870058/technologically-advanced-assessment-of-upper-limb-spasticity-a-pilot-study
#13
Federico Posteraro, Simona Crea, Stefano Mazzoleni, Mihai Berteanu, Ileana Ciobanu, Nicola Vitiello, Marco Cempini, Sabata Gervasio, Natalie Mrachacz-Kersting
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a muscle disorder associated with upper motor neuron syndrome occurring in neurological disorders, such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury and others. It influences the patient's rehabilitation, interfering with function, limiting independence, causing pain and producing secondary impairments, such as contractures or other complications. Due to the heterogeneity of clinical signs of spasticity, there is no agreement on the most appropriate assessment and measurement modality for the evaluation of treatment outcomes...
September 4, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866343/clinical-outcome-of-arthroscopic-treatment-for-posteromedial-elbow-impingement-in-adolescent-baseball-players
#14
Tetsuya Matsuura, Toshiyuki Iwame, Naoto Suzue, Jyoji Iwase, Shunsuke Tamaki, Kenji Yokoyama, Koichi Sairyo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic treatment in adolescent baseball players with posteromedial elbow impingement. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the clinical outcome of arthroscopic treatment for posteromedial elbow impingement in adolescent baseball players. Patients were eligible for participation if they had undergone surgery at least 2 years earlier and excluded if they had arthritis, loose bodies, osteochondritis dissecans, ulnar collateral ligament tear, flexor/pronator injuries or medial epicondylitis, or nerve problems...
August 30, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865567/editorial-commentary-pitching-a-new-curve-identifying-the-etiology-of-nontraumatic-throwing%C3%A2-injuries
#15
EDITORIAL
Michael D Feldman
Loss of shoulder motion, especially to flexion and external rotation, may increase the risk of nontraumatic shoulder and elbow injuries in elite pitchers. However, the etiology of these injuries is likely mulitifactorial, and before we direct our therapists to abandon sleeper stretches in favor of flexion and external rotation exercises, further research is needed to keep pitchers off the disabled list and on the mound.
September 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865566/decreased-shoulder-external-rotation-and-flexion-are-greater-predictors-of-injury-than-internal-rotation-deficits-analysis-of-132-pitcher-seasons-in-professional-baseball
#16
Christopher L Camp, John M Zajac, David B Pearson, Alec M Sinatro, Andrea M Spiker, Brian C Werner, David W Altchek, Struan H Coleman, Joshua S Dines
PURPOSE: The primary aims of this work were to (1) describe normal range of motion (ROM) profiles for elite pitchers, (2) describe the characteristics of shoulder and elbow injuries in professional pitchers over a 6-year period in one Major League Baseball organization, and (3) identify ROM measures that were independently associated with a future shoulder or elbow injury. METHODS: Over 6 seasons (2010-2015), a preseason assessment was performed on all pitchers invited to Major League Baseball Spring Training for a single organization...
September 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862100/arthroscopy-assisted-versus-standard-intramedullary-nail-fixation-in-diaphyseal-fractures-of-the-humerus
#17
Süleyman Semih Dedeoğlu, Yunus İmren, Haluk Çabuk, Ali Çağrı Tekin, Mustafa Çağlar Kır, Hakan Gürbüz
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess applicability of arthroscopic technique in intramedullary nail fixation of humerus shaft fractures and to compare with conventional nailing in terms of its effects on perioperative and postoperative intra-articular complication rates as well as on clinical and functional outcomes. METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled clinical trial included 40 patients (12 females and 28 males) indicated for surgery between either undergo arthroscopy-assisted (Arthroscopy-assisted intramedullary nailing [AIMN]; n = 20) or conventional (Intramedullary nailing [IMN]; n = 20) anterograde intramedullary nailing...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860400/mid-term-outcomes-of-77-modular-radial-head-prostheses
#18
P Laumonerie, N Reina, D Ancelin, S Delclaux, M E Tibbo, N Bonnevialle, P Mansat
AIMS: Radial head arthroplasty (RHA) may be used in the treatment of non-reconstructable radial head fractures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mid-term clinical and radiographic results of RHA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2014, 77 RHAs were implanted in 54 men and 23 women with either acute injuries (54) or with traumatic sequelae (23) of a fracture of the radial head. Four designs of RHA were used, including the Guepar (Small Bone Innovations (SBi)/Stryker; 36), Evolutive (Aston Medical; 24), rHead RECON (SBi/Stryker; ten) or rHead STANDARD (SBi/Stryker; 7) prostheses...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852335/proximal-humerus-fracture-dislocation-with-laceration-of-the-axillary-artery-a-case-report
#19
Steven J Cotman, Thai Q Trinh, Stephen Vincent, Jeffrey R Backes
BACKGROUND: Proximal humerus fractures account for approximately 4-6% of all fractures. While the majority of these fractures are treated non-operatively, the amount of fracture displacement, concomitant injuries, and patient factors often result in the need for surgical stabilization. Although concomitant neurovascular injury in the setting of low-energy trauma is rare, injury to the surrounding neurovascular structures have previously been reported. METHODS: We report a case of a 79-year-old male who sustained a low energy fall resulting in a two-part fracture dislocation of the proximal humerus with an associated brachial plexopathy and axillary artery laceration...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844197/functional-outcome-of-extra-articular-distal-humerus-fracture-fixation-using-a-single-locking-plate-a-retrospective-study
#20
Vivek Trikha, Prabhat Agrawal, Saubhik Das, Sahil Gaba, Arvind Kumar
PURPOSE: The optimal method for fixation of extra-articular distal humerus factures poses a management dilemma. Although various plate configurations have been proposed, anatomic shaped extra-articular distal humerus locking plates have emerged as a viable solution for these complex injuries. We assessed clinico-radiologic outcome in our retrospective case series of extra-articular distal humerus fractures managed with these plates. METHODS: Forty-five patients of extra-articular distal humerus fractures, who were operated at our level 1 trauma centre between January, 2012 and December, 2016, were identified...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
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