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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836450/validation-of-the-advanced-clinical-solutions-word-choice-test-wct-in-a-mixed-clinical-sample-establishing-classification-accuracy-sensitivity-specificity-and-cutoff-scores
#1
Kathleen M Bain, Jason R Soble
This study examined the Word Choice Test's (WCT) utility as a performance validity test in a mixed clinical sample of veterans referred for neuropsychological evaluation. Participants completed Green's Word Memory Test (WMT), WCT, and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) Trial 1. Using the WMT as the criterion for valid performance, logistic regressions examined the WCT and TOMM's classification accuracy for those with and without cognitive impairment (CI). Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to establish cut scores which maximized the sensitivity/specificity of each measure...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826306/performance-on-the-test-of-memory-malingering-is-predicted-by-the-number-of-errors-on-its-first-10-items-on-an-inpatient-epilepsy-monitoring-unit
#2
Jonathan M Grabyan, Robert L Collins, W Alexander Alverson, David K Chen
OBJECTIVE: Performance validity testing is an increasingly vital component of neuropsychological evaluation, though administration of stand-alone performance validity tests (PVTs) can be time-consuming. As the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is among the most commonly used and researched PVTs, much work has focused on creating abbreviated versions while preserving diagnostic accuracy. A recent addition to this effort, errors on the first 10 items of Trial 1 (TOMMe10), was analyzed for its utility in predicting TOMM performance...
August 22, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816502/cost-of-malingering-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-related-cognitive-deficits-during-compensation-and-pension-evaluations-in-the-veterans-benefits-administration
#3
John H Denning, Robert D Shura
Given the high rates of exaggeration in those claiming long-term cognitive deficits as a result of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), the aim of this study was to evaluate the rates of malingering in those seeking disability through the Veterans Benefits Administration and estimate the financial burden of disability payments for those receiving compensation despite exaggerated mTBI-related cognitive deficits. Retrospective review included 74 veterans seen for Compensation and Pension evaluations for mTBI. Rates of malingering were based on failure of the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT) and/or the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) trial 1 ≤ 40...
August 17, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815032/pain-may-be-an-important-factor-to-consider-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-troubled-by-fatigue
#4
Lars-Petter Jelsness-Jørgensen, Svein-Oskar Frigstad, Bjørn Moum, Tore Grimstad, Randi Opheim, Jørgen Jahnsen, Tomm Bernklev
BACKGROUND: Pain has been associated with fatigue in many chronic diseases, but data are not available for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to investigate whether fatigue is associated with pain in IBD after adjusting for the relevant covariates. METHODS: Participants were recruited from nine hospitals in the south-eastern and western part of Norway. Socio-demographic variables were self-reported by patients. Disease activity was assessed by disease activity indices and faecal calprotectin...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806689/fungal-diversity-of-tomme-d-orchies-cheese-during-the-ripening-process-as-revealed-by-a-metagenomic-study
#5
Alexandre Ceugniez, Bernard Taminiau, Françoise Coucheney, Philippe Jacques, Véronique Delcenserie, Georges Daube, Djamel Drider
Tomme d'Orchies is an artisanal pressed and uncooked cheese produced and marketed in the north of France. This study aimed at showing the fungal microbiota evolution of this cheese using a metagenetic based Illumina technology targeting the ITS2 domain of 5.8S fungal rDNAs. To this end, samples were taken from the rind and the core of different cheeses, after 0, 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21days of ripening. The data underpinned the prevalence of Yarrowia lipolytica and Galactomyces geotrichum for both microbiotas. Unusual species including Clavispora lusitaniae, Kazachstania unispora and Cladosporium cladosporioides were also detected, but their origins remain to be ascertained...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734131/changes-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-candidates-waiting-for-kidney-transplantation
#6
Kjersti Lønning, Karsten Midtvedt, Tomm Bernklev, Cathrine Brunborg, Marit Helen Andersen, Nanna von der Lippe, Anna V Reisaeter, Pål-Dag Line, Anders Hartmann, Kristian Heldal
AIM: There is limited available knowledge regarding health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older patients with chronic kidney disease. We aimed to describe HRQoL in renal transplant candidates 65 years or older at transplant acceptance, and during the first year on the waiting list.. METHODS: A nationwide prospective observational study in Norway was conducted. HRQoL was evaluated at baseline (wait listing) and after 6 and 12 months using the patient self-reported Kidney Disease and Quality of Life Short form version 1...
July 22, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704841/lifestyle-predictors-for-non-participation-and-outcome-in-the-second-round-of-faecal-immunochemical-test-in-colorectal-cancer-screening
#7
Markus Dines Knudsen, Paula Berstad, Anette Hjartåker, Elisabeth Haagensen Gulichsen, Geir Hoff, Thomas de Lange, Tomm Bernklev, Edoardo Botteri
BACKGROUND: To reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality through population-based screening programmes using faecal tests, it is important that individuals continue to participate in the repeated rounds of screening. We aimed to identify lifestyle predictors for discontinuation of faecal immunochemical test (FIT) screening after the first round, as well as lifestyle predictors for colorectal neoplasia detected in the second-round FIT screening. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, we invited 6959 individuals aged 50-74 years from south-east Norway for a first round of FIT screening and to complete a self-reported lifestyle questionnaire on demographic factors, body mass index (BMI, kg m(-2)), smoking habits, physical activity, consumption of alcohol and dietary items...
August 8, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657355/a-single-error-is-one-too-many-examining-alternative-cutoffs-on-trial-2-of-the-tomm
#8
Laszlo A Erdodi, Jaspreet K Rai
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the potential of alternative, more liberal cutoffs on Trial 2 of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) to improve classification accuracy relative to the standard cutoffs (≤44). METHOD: The sample consisted of 152 patients (49.3% male) with psychiatric conditions (PSY) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred for neuropsychological assessment in a medico-legal setting (MAge = 44.4, MEducation = 11.9 years). Classification accuracy for various TOMM Trial 2 cutoffs was computed against three criterion measures...
June 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656790/the-dot-counting-test-adds-up-validation-and-response-pattern-analysis-in-a-mixed-clinical-veteran-sample
#9
Jason R Soble, Octavio A Santos, Kathleen M Bain, Joshua W Kirton, K Chase Bailey, Edan A Critchfield, Justin J F O'Rourke, Jonathan M Highsmith, David Andrés González
OBJECTIVE: This study cross-validated the Dot Counting Test (DCT) as a performance validity test (PVT) among a mixed clinical veteran sample. Completion time and error patterns also were examined by validity group and cognitive impairment status. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 77 veterans who completed the DCT during clinical evaluation. Seventy-four percent (N = 57) were classified as valid and 26% as noncredible (N = 20) via the Word Memory Test (WMT) and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639802/a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-the-test-of-memory-malingering-among-latin-american-spanish-speaking-adults
#10
Alicia Nijdam-Jones, Diego Rivera, Barry Rosenfeld, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
Cognitive efforts tests, such as the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM; Tombaugh, 1997), are widely used internationally, yet there is a dearth of research that has assessed the utility of these measures in different cultures, countries, and languages. This study evaluated the specificity of the TOMM Trial 2 among a sample of 3,590 Spanish-speaking adults residing in 8 Latin American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico). Trial 2 TOMM scores were negatively associated with participants' age and positively associated with level of education...
June 22, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632024/performance-validity-testing-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease
#11
Katherine E Dorociak, Evan T Schulze, Lauren E Piper, Robert E Molokie, Julie K Janecek
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychologists utilize performance validity tests (PVTs) as objective means for drawing inferences about performance validity. The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is a well-validated, stand-alone PVT and the Reliable Digit Span (RDS) and Reliable Digit Span-Revised (RDS-R) from the Digit Span subtest of the WAIS-IV are commonly employed, embedded PVTs. While research has demonstrated the utility of these PVTs with various clinical samples, no research has investigated their use in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD), a condition associated with multiple neurological, physical, and psychiatric symptoms...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558342/the-measurement-properties-of-pediatric-observational-pain-scales-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#12
REVIEW
Randi Dovland Andersen, Ann Langius-Eklöf, Britt Nakstad, Tomm Bernklev, Leena Jylli
BACKGROUND: Valid observational pain scales are needed to assess pain and ensure sufficient treatment of pain in children that lack the verbal ability to self-report pain. Published reviews attempt to synthesize results from primary studies validating these scales and based on the findings recommendations may be given, for example which pain scales are the most appropriate for use in different pediatric populations. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this review were to describe how systematic reviews have evaluated and recommended observational pain scales for use in children aged 0-18 years and appraise the evidence underlying these recommendations...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555516/clinical-utility-of-the-rey-15-item-test-recognition-trial-and-error-scores-for-detecting-noncredible-neuropsychological-performance-in-a-mixed-clinical-sample-of-veterans
#13
K Chase Bailey, Jason R Soble, Justin J F O'Rourke
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study examined the Rey 15-Item Test (RFIT), Recognition Trial, and Error Scores for identifying noncredible performance in a mixed clinical veteran sample compared to another widely used validity measure, the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM). METHOD: Sixty-two veterans who completed the RFIT (Recall/Recognition Trials), TOMM, and Word Memory Test (WMT) during clinical evaluation were included. Using the WMT as the criterion, 71% (N = 44) were classified as valid and 29% (N = 18) as invalid...
May 30, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366839/anti-salmonella-activity-and-probiotic-trends-of-kluyveromyces-marxianus-s-2-05-and-kluyveromyces-lactis-s-3-05-isolated-from-a-french-cheese-tomme-d-orchies
#14
Alexandre Ceugniez, Françoise Coucheney, Philippe Jacques, Georges Daube, Véronique Delcenserie, Djamel Drider
Kluyveromyces marxianus S-2-05 and Kluyveromyces lactis S-3-05 were recently isolated from a traditional French cheese, Tomme d'Orchies, and characterized here for their advantages using a different application perspective. First, we established their anti-Salmonella activity and downregulation of the virulence sopD gene of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium, mainly in the presence of K. marxianus S-2-05. In addition to their antagonism, these non-Saccharomyces yeasts were able to survive under conditions mimicking the gastrointestinal environment and to form biofilms on an abiotic device such as polystyrene...
March 30, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252976/trial-1-versus-trial-2-of-the-test-of-memory-malingering-evaluating-accuracy-without-a-gold-standard
#15
Douglas Mossman, Dustin B Wygant, Roger O Gervais, Kathleen J Hart
This study examines the accuracy of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM), a frequently administered measure for evaluating effort during neurocognitive testing. In the last few years, several authors have suggested that the initial recognition trial of the TOMM (Trial 1) might be a more useful index for detecting feigned or exaggerated impairment than Trial 2, which is the source for inference recommended by the original instruction manual (Tombaugh, 1996). We used latent class modeling (LCM) implemented in a Bayesian framework to evaluate archival Trial 1 and Trial 2 data collected from 1,198 adults who had undergone outpatient forensic evaluations...
March 2, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169427/financial-incentive-does-not-affect-p300-in-response-to-certain-episodic-and-semantic-probe-stimuli-in-the-complex-trial-protocol-ctp-version-of-the-concealed-information-test-cit-in-detection-of-malingering
#16
J Peter Rosenfeld, Elena Labkovsky, Elena Davydova, Anne Ward, Lauren Rosenfeld
Previous research indicated that the skin conductance response of the autonomic nervous system in the Concealed Information Test (CIT) is typically increased in subjects who are financially and otherwise incentivized to defeat the CIT (the paradoxical "motivational impairment" effect). This is not the case for RT-based CITs, nor P300 tests based on the three-stimulus protocol for detection of cognitive malingering (although these are not the same as CITs). The present report is the first attempt to study the effect of financial motivation on the P300-based Complex Trial Protocol using both episodic and semantic memory probe and irrelevant stimuli...
May 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156190/the-visual-association-test-extended-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-performance-validity-measures
#17
Sascha R A Meyer, Jos F M de Jonghe, Ben Schmand, Rudolf W H M Ponds
OBJECTIVE: Given the hazards of knowledge about performance validity tests (PVTs) being proliferated among the general public, there is a continuous need to develop new PVTs. The purpose of these studies was to validate the newly developed Visual Association Test-Extended (VAT-E). METHOD: The VAT-E consists of 24 pairs of line drawings; it is partly based on Green's Word Memory Test (WMT) paradigm. In study 1, we compared VAT-E total scores of healthy controls (n = 226), patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (n = 76), patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) (n = 26), and persons instructed to feign memory deficit (n = 29)...
May 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151008/deeply-rooted-in-memories-toward-a-comprehensive-overview-of-30%C3%A2-years-of-memorable-message-literature
#18
Angela Cooke-Jackson, Valerie Rubinsky
Knapp, Stohl, and Reardon's (1981) seminal work reported that some messages may be "remembered for a long time and have a profound influence on a person's life" (p. 27). While the foundational concepts of this framework have offered a meaningful contribution to memorable messages research, this article seeks to unpack the past three decades of the literature specific to the field of communication. The authors will highlight the trajectory and changes while considering its present use, episodes, and situations that transpire in individual lived experiences...
February 2, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129687/a-case-of-anaphylaxis-to-patent-blue-in-a-patient-with-sentinel-lymph-node-excision
#19
Stefanie Aurich, Anna-Theresa Seitz, Janina Tomm, Jan-Christoph Simon, Regina Treudler
In medicine, patent blue violet (PBV) is utilized for staining lymphatic vessels in sentinel lymph node (SLN) surgery. Moreover, PBV (also called E131 ) is used as food additive. We report on a 51-year-old non-atopic female with early breast cancer, who was scheduled for SLN excision and experienced an intra-operative anaphylactic reaction. In diagnostics the skin prick test (SPT) was positive to PBV. Hypersensitivity reactions to PBV can arise after the first exposure in surgery as sensitization may arise from either PBV (E131) in foods (i...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095631/occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-thebaine-and-oripavine
#20
Sam Dekeyser, Mieke van Tomme, Barbara Boone, Nanja van Geel, Hilde Lapeere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Contact Dermatitis
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