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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737772/pasientene-kjenner-best-egen-helse
#1
Tone Enden, Tomm Bernklev, Lars-Petter Jelsness-Jørgensen, Cecilie Delphin Amdal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707622/improved-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-kidney-recipients-1-year-after-transplantation
#2
Kjersti Lønning, Kristian Heldal, Tomm Bernklev, Cathrine Brunborg, Marit Helen Andersen, Nanna von der Lippe, Anna Varberg Reisæter, Pål-Dag Line, Anders Hartmann, Karsten Midtvedt
Background: We aimed to evaluate changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients 65 years or older from time of kidney transplantation (KTx) until 1 year postengraftment. Methods: A single-center prospective study was conducted. HRQoL was measured pre-KTx and at 2, 6, and 12 months postengraftment using self-reported Kidney Disease and Quality of Life short-form version 1.3. Intraindividual scores before and after KTx were evaluated. Liu Comorbidity Index was registered at enlisting...
April 2018: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659666/reliable-digit-span-does-it-adequately-measure-suboptimal-effort-in-an-adult-epilepsy-population
#3
Moshe Maiman, Victor A Del Bene, William S MacAllister, Sloane Sheldon, Eileen Farrell, Miguel Arce Rentería, Mitchell Slugh, Siddhartha S Nadkarni, William B Barr
Objective: Assessment of performance validity is a necessary component of any neuropsychological evaluation. Prior research has shown that cutoff scores of ≤6 or ≤7 on Reliable Digit Span (RDS) can detect suboptimal effort across numerous adult clinical populations; however, these scores have not been validated for that purpose in an adult epilepsy population. This investigation aims to determine whether these previously established RDS cutoff scores could detect suboptimal effort in adults with epilepsy...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618999/temporal-audiovisual-motion-prediction-in-2d-vs-3d-environments
#4
Sandra Dittrich, Tömme Noesselt
Predicting motion is essential for many everyday life activities, e.g., in road traffic. Previous studies on motion prediction failed to find consistent results, which might be due to the use of very different stimulus material and behavioural tasks. Here, we directly tested the influence of task (detection, extrapolation) and stimulus features (visual vs. audiovisual and three-dimensional vs. non-three-dimensional) on temporal motion prediction in two psychophysical experiments. In both experiments a ball followed a trajectory toward the observer and temporarily disappeared behind an occluder...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469640/detecting-malingering-in-traumatic-brain-injury-combining-response-time-with-performance-validity-test-accuracy
#5
Robert J Kanser, Lisa J Rapport, Jesse R Bashem, Robin A Hanks
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the incremental utility of item-level response time (RT) variables on a traditional performance validity test in distinguishing adults with verified TBI from adults coached to feign neurocognitive impairment. METHOD: Participants were 45 adults with moderate to severe TBI, 45 healthy adults coached to feign neurocognitive impairment (SIM), and 61 healthy adult comparisons providing full effort (HC). All participants completed a computerized version of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM-C) in the context of a larger test battery...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286844/performance-validity-testing-in-children-and-adolescents-a-descriptive-study-comparing-direct-and-embedded-measures
#6
Stephanie J Weiss, Melissa C Blackwell, Kirk M Griffith, Leslie S Jordan, Vincent P Culotta
Effort testing is a standard element in adult neuropsychological assessment. Research examining performance validity tests (PVTs) has focused on adults. The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine direct and embedded PVTs in children and adolescents. The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM), a stand-alone PVT, was compared to two embedded measures of effort: California Verbal Learning Test-Children's Version/Second Edition (CVLT-C/II) Recognition Discriminability and Reliable Digit Span (RDS). The sample consisted of 119 children and adolescents referred for outpatient assessment...
December 29, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165030/in-mammalian-skeletal-muscle-phosphorylation-of-tomm22-by-protein-kinase-csnk2-ck2-controls-mitophagy
#7
Bojana Kravic, Angelika B Harbauer, Vanina Romanello, Luca Simeone, F-Nora Vögtle, Tobias Kaiser, Marion Straubinger, Danyil Huraskin, Martin Böttcher, Cristina Cerqua, Eva Denise Martin, Daniel Poveda-Huertes, Andreas Buttgereit, Adam J Rabalski, Dieter Heuss, Rüdiger Rudolf, Oliver Friedrich, David Litchfield, Michael Marber, Leonardo Salviati, Dimitrios Mougiakakos, Winfried Neuhuber, Marco Sandri, Chris Meisinger, Said Hashemolhosseini
In yeast, Tom22, the central component of the TOMM (translocase of outer mitochondrial membrane) receptor complex, is responsible for the recognition and translocation of synthesized mitochondrial precursor proteins, and its protein kinase CK2-dependent phosphorylation is mandatory for TOMM complex biogenesis and proper mitochondrial protein import. In mammals, the biological function of protein kinase CSNK2/CK2 remains vastly elusive and it is unknown whether CSNK2-dependent phosphorylation of TOMM protein subunits has a similar role as that in yeast...
2018: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069423/testosterone-and-corticosterone-in-the-mesocorticolimbic-system-of-male-rats-effects-of-gonadectomy-and-caloric-restriction
#8
Daniel J Tobiansky, Anastasia M Korol, Chunqi Ma, Jordan E Hamden, Cecilia Jalabert, Ryan J Tomm, Kiran K Soma
Steroid hormones can modulate motivated behaviors through the mesocorticolimbic system. Gonadectomy (GDX) is a common method to determine how steroids influence the mesocorticolimbic system, and caloric restriction (CR) is often used to invigorate motivated behaviors. A common assumption is that the effects of these manipulations on brain steroid levels reflects circulating steroid levels. We now know that the brain regulates local steroid levels in a region-specific manner; however, previous studies have low spatial resolution...
January 1, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069278/performance-validity-neurocognitive-disorder-and-post-concussion-symptom-reporting-in-service-members-with-a-history-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Sara M Lippa, Rael T Lange, Louis M French, Grant L Iverson
Objective: To examine the influence of different performance validity test (PVT) cutoffs on neuropsychological performance, post-concussion symptoms, and rates of neurocognitive disorder and postconcussional syndrome following mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) in active duty service members. Method: Participants were 164 service members (Age: M = 28.1 years [SD = 7.3]) evaluated on average 4.1 months (SD = 5.0) following injury. Participants were divided into three mutually exclusive groups using original and alternative cutoff scores on the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) and the Effort Index (EI) from the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS): (a) PVT-Pass, n = 85; (b) Alternative PVT-Fail, n = 53; and (c) Original PVT-Fail, n = 26...
October 21, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938500/acceptability-of-two-colorectal-cancer-screening-tests-pain-as-a-key-determinant-in-sigmoidoscopy
#10
Benedicte Kirkøen, Paula Berstad, Edoardo Botteri, Eirin Dalén, Jens Aksel Nilsen, Geir Hoff, Thomas de Lange, Tomm Bernklev
Background  Participants' experience with a screening test can influence adherence, and therefore the efficacy of screening programs. We compared screening with unsedated flexible sigmoidoscopy and fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) for participants' satisfaction with the decision and for willingness to repeat colorectal cancer screening. Methods  In a prospective, randomized trial 3257 individuals (50 - 74 years) were invited to either flexible sigmoidoscopy or FIT (1:1), of whom 1650 took up the offer (52...
November 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836450/validation-of-the-advanced-clinical-solutions-word-choice-test-wct-in-a-mixed-clinical-sample-establishing-classification-accuracy-sensitivity-specificity-and-cutoff-scores
#11
Kathleen M Bain, Jason R Soble
This study examined the Word Choice Test's (WCT) utility as a performance validity test in a mixed clinical sample of veterans referred for neuropsychological evaluation. Participants completed Green's Word Memory Test (WMT), WCT, and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) Trial 1. Using the WMT as the criterion for valid performance, logistic regressions examined the WCT and TOMM's classification accuracy for those with and without cognitive impairment (CI). Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to establish cut scores which maximized the sensitivity/specificity of each measure...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826306/performance-on-the-test-of-memory-malingering-is-predicted-by-the-number-of-errors-on-its-first-10-items-on-an-inpatient-epilepsy-monitoring-unit
#12
Jonathan M Grabyan, Robert L Collins, W Alexander Alverson, David K Chen
OBJECTIVE: Performance validity testing is an increasingly vital component of neuropsychological evaluation, though administration of stand-alone performance validity tests (PVTs) can be time-consuming. As the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is among the most commonly used and researched PVTs, much work has focused on creating abbreviated versions while preserving diagnostic accuracy. A recent addition to this effort, errors on the first 10 items of Trial 1 (TOMMe10), was analyzed for its utility in predicting TOMM performance...
August 22, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816502/cost-of-malingering-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-related-cognitive-deficits-during-compensation-and-pension-evaluations-in-the-veterans-benefits-administration
#13
John H Denning, Robert D Shura
Given the high rates of exaggeration in those claiming long-term cognitive deficits as a result of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), the aim of this study was to evaluate the rates of malingering in those seeking disability through the Veterans Benefits Administration and estimate the financial burden of disability payments for those receiving compensation despite exaggerated mTBI-related cognitive deficits. Retrospective review included 74 veterans seen for Compensation and Pension evaluations for mTBI. Rates of malingering were based on failure of the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT) and/or the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) trial 1 ≤ 40...
August 17, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815032/pain-may-be-an-important-factor-to-consider-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-troubled-by-fatigue
#14
Lars-Petter Jelsness-Jørgensen, Svein-Oskar Frigstad, Bjørn Moum, Tore Grimstad, Randi Opheim, Jørgen Jahnsen, Tomm Bernklev
BACKGROUND: Pain has been associated with fatigue in many chronic diseases, but data are not available for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to investigate whether fatigue is associated with pain in IBD after adjusting for the relevant covariates. METHODS: Participants were recruited from nine hospitals in the south-eastern and western part of Norway. Socio-demographic variables were self-reported by patients. Disease activity was assessed by disease activity indices and faecal calprotectin...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806689/fungal-diversity-of-tomme-d-orchies-cheese-during-the-ripening-process-as-revealed-by-a-metagenomic-study
#15
Alexandre Ceugniez, Bernard Taminiau, Françoise Coucheney, Philippe Jacques, Véronique Delcenserie, Georges Daube, Djamel Drider
Tomme d'Orchies is an artisanal pressed and uncooked cheese produced and marketed in the north of France. This study aimed at showing the fungal microbiota evolution of this cheese using a metagenetic based Illumina technology targeting the ITS2 domain of 5.8S fungal rDNAs. To this end, samples were taken from the rind and the core of different cheeses, after 0, 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21days of ripening. The data underpinned the prevalence of Yarrowia lipolytica and Galactomyces geotrichum for both microbiotas. Unusual species including Clavispora lusitaniae, Kazachstania unispora and Cladosporium cladosporioides were also detected, but their origins remain to be ascertained...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734131/changes-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-candidates-waiting-for-kidney-transplantation
#16
Kjersti Lønning, Karsten Midtvedt, Tomm Bernklev, Cathrine Brunborg, Marit Helen Andersen, Nanna von der Lippe, Anna V Reisaeter, Pål-Dag Line, Anders Hartmann, Kristian Heldal
AIM: There is limited available knowledge regarding health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older patients with chronic kidney disease. We aimed to describe HRQoL in renal transplant candidates 65 years or older at transplant acceptance, and during the first year on the waiting list.. METHODS: A nationwide prospective observational study in Norway was conducted. HRQoL was evaluated at baseline (wait listing) and after 6 and 12 months using the patient self-reported Kidney Disease and Quality of Life Short form version 1...
July 22, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704841/lifestyle-predictors-for-non-participation-and-outcome-in-the-second-round-of-faecal-immunochemical-test-in-colorectal-cancer-screening
#17
Markus Dines Knudsen, Paula Berstad, Anette Hjartåker, Elisabeth Haagensen Gulichsen, Geir Hoff, Thomas de Lange, Tomm Bernklev, Edoardo Botteri
BACKGROUND: To reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality through population-based screening programmes using faecal tests, it is important that individuals continue to participate in the repeated rounds of screening. We aimed to identify lifestyle predictors for discontinuation of faecal immunochemical test (FIT) screening after the first round, as well as lifestyle predictors for colorectal neoplasia detected in the second-round FIT screening. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, we invited 6959 individuals aged 50-74 years from south-east Norway for a first round of FIT screening and to complete a self-reported lifestyle questionnaire on demographic factors, body mass index (BMI, kg m(-2)), smoking habits, physical activity, consumption of alcohol and dietary items...
August 8, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657355/a-single-error-is-one-too-many-examining-alternative-cutoffs-on-trial-2-of-the-tomm
#18
Laszlo A Erdodi, Jaspreet K Rai
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the potential of alternative, more liberal cutoffs on Trial 2 of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) to improve classification accuracy relative to the standard cutoffs (≤44). METHOD: The sample consisted of 152 patients (49.3% male) with psychiatric conditions (PSY) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred for neuropsychological assessment in a medico-legal setting (MAge = 44.4, MEducation = 11.9 years). Classification accuracy for various TOMM Trial 2 cutoffs was computed against three criterion measures...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656790/the-dot-counting-test-adds-up-validation-and-response-pattern-analysis-in-a-mixed-clinical-veteran-sample
#19
Jason R Soble, Octavio A Santos, Kathleen M Bain, Joshua W Kirton, K Chase Bailey, Edan A Critchfield, Justin J F O'Rourke, Jonathan M Highsmith, David Andrés González
OBJECTIVE: This study cross-validated the Dot Counting Test (DCT) as a performance validity test (PVT) among a mixed clinical veteran sample. Completion time and error patterns also were examined by validity group and cognitive impairment status. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 77 veterans who completed the DCT during clinical evaluation. Seventy-four percent (N = 57) were classified as valid and 26% as noncredible (N = 20) via the Word Memory Test (WMT) and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639802/a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-the-test-of-memory-malingering-among-latin-american-spanish-speaking-adults
#20
Alicia Nijdam-Jones, Diego Rivera, Barry Rosenfeld, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
Cognitive efforts tests, such as the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM; Tombaugh, 1997), are widely used internationally, yet there is a dearth of research that has assessed the utility of these measures in different cultures, countries, and languages. This study evaluated the specificity of the TOMM Trial 2 among a sample of 3,590 Spanish-speaking adults residing in 8 Latin American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico). Trial 2 TOMM scores were negatively associated with participants' age and positively associated with level of education...
October 2017: Law and Human Behavior
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