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Benjamin Chapman, Maria Sol Erdozaim, Douglas Powell
Often during an outbreak of foodborne illness, there are health officials who have data indicating that there is a risk prior to notifying the public. During the lag period between the first public health signal and some release of public information, there are decision makers who are weighing evidence with the impacts of going public. Multiple agencies and analysts have lamented that there is not a common playbook or decision tree for how public health agencies determine what information to release and when...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
Pavel Mucaji, Atanas G Atanasov, Andrzej Bak, Violetta Kozik, Karolina Sieron, Mark Olsen, Weidong Pan, Yazhou Liu, Shengchao Hu, Junjie Lan, Norbert Haider, Robert Musiol, Jan Vanco, Marc Diederich, Seungwon Ji, Jan Zitko, Dongdong Wang, Danica Agbaba, Katarina Nikolic, Slavica Oljacic, Jelica Vucicevic, Daniela Jezova, Anna Tsantili-Kakoulidou, Fotios Tsopelas, Constantinos Giaginis, Teresa Kowalska, Mieczyslaw Sajewicz, Jerzy Silberring, Przemyslaw Mielczarek, Marek Smoluch, Izabela Jendrzejewska, Jaroslaw Polanski, Josef Jampilek
The 46th EuroCongress on Drug Synthesis and Analysis (ECDSA-2017) was arranged within the celebration of the 65th Anniversary of the Faculty of Pharmacy at Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia from 5-8 September 2017 to get together specialists in medicinal chemistry, organic synthesis, pharmaceutical analysis, screening of bioactive compounds, pharmacology and drug formulations; promote the exchange of scientific results, methods and ideas; and encourage cooperation between researchers from all over the world...
October 28, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Nathan Kravis
Kierkegaard's concept of leveling is applied to the dynamics of envy, particularly as they come into play among psychoanalysts doing clinical analytic work. This is illustrated in two clinical vignettes. The technocultural surround of the digital age impinges on analytic identity in ways that can evoke fantasied retreats into sameness and erasure of distinction. The "digital reality principle" is introduced as a way of conceptualizing an aspect of the hatred of thinking and certain envious responses to distinction...
October 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Steven H Cooper
Two clinical vignettes demonstrate a methodological approach that guides the analyst's attention to metaphors and surfaces that are the focus of different theories. Clinically, the use of different theories expands the metaphorical language with which the analyst tries to make contact with the patient's unconscious life. Metaphorical expressions may be said to relate to each other as the syntax of unconscious fantasy (Arlow 1979). The unconscious fantasy itself represents a metaphorical construction of childhood experience that has persisted, dynamically expressive and emergent into adult life...
October 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Lucy LaFarge
In our "post-pluralistic era" (Cooper 2015), analysts, perhaps particularly in North America, are exposed to a multiplicity of formal theories in their training and their reading; their clinical work often reflects ideas drawn from more than one of them. An aspect of this development is the analyst's mental process as she draws on heterogeneous models when with the patient and when processing the events of the session afterward. A number of questions arise here: How does a new piece of clinical understanding, representing an alternative theoretical perspective-one that is not usually at the center of that analyst's thinking-enter the mind of the working analyst? How can the analyst assess whether this is a useful piece of understanding? How can the new piece become assimilated in the analyst's broader thinking? That is, how can the analyst's practice influence her theory? (Canestri 2006)...
October 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Courtney Hebert, Jennifer Flaherty, Justin Smyer, Jing Ding, Julie E Mangino
BACKGROUND: Surveillance is an important tool for infection control; however, this task can often be time-consuming and take away from infection prevention activities. With the increasing availability of comprehensive electronic health records, there is an opportunity to automate these surveillance activities. The objective of this article is to describe the implementation of an electronic algorithm for ventilator-associated events (VAEs) at a large academic medical center METHODS: This article reports on a 6-month manual validation of a dashboard for VAEs...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
G Delgado-Gutiérrez, F Rodríguez-Santos, O Jiménez-Ramírez, R Vázquez-Medina
This paper presents a forensic methodology that determines, from among a set of recording places, the probable place where allegedly a disputed digital audio recording was made. The methodology considers that digital audio recordings are noisy signals that have two involved noise components. One component is the multiplicative noise, which is an internal feature on the audio recording that is related to the recording device. The other component is the additive noise, which is an external feature on the audio recording that can be related to the recording place...
October 28, 2017: Forensic Science International
Barry Dauphin, Stacey Halverson, Sarah Pouliot, Linda Slowik
Carefully listening to the patient is of paramount importance for psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy. The present study explored whether patient vocalization as well as the gender of the analyst play significant roles in clinical listening. Fifty-one psychoanalysts and psychoanalytic therapists were randomly assigned to listen to one of two dramatized psychoanalytic sessions. The content of the sessions was the same for both versions, but the sessions were dramatized differently. Some differences emerged between the versions, especially on ratings of reality testing, impulse control, pressured speech, patient was confusing, and awareness of imagery...
November 9, 2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
Susanna Dodd, Paula Williamson, Ian R White
Background When trials are subject to departures from randomised treatment, simple statistical methods that aim to estimate treatment efficacy, such as per protocol or as treated analyses, typically introduce selection bias. More appropriate methods to adjust for departure from randomised treatment are rarely employed, primarily due to their complexity and unfamiliarity. We demonstrate the use of causal methodologies for the production of estimands with valid causal interpretation for time-to-event outcomes in the analysis of a complex epilepsy trial, as an example to guide non-specialist analysts undertaking similar analyses...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
Jaclyn Beca, Don Husereau, Kelvin K W Chan, Neil Hawkins, Jeffrey S Hoch
In evaluating new oncology medicines, two common modeling approaches are state transition (e.g., Markov and semi-Markov) and partitioned survival. Partitioned survival models have become more prominent in oncology health technology assessment processes in recent years. Our experience in conducting and evaluating models for economic evaluation has highlighted many important and practical pitfalls. As there is little guidance available on best practices for those who wish to conduct them, we provide guidance in the form of 'Key steps for busy analysts,' who may have very little time and require highly favorable results...
November 6, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
Vladica Ristić, Marija Maksin, Marina Nenković-Riznić, Jelena Basarić
The process of making decisions on sustainable development and construction begins in spatial and urban planning when defining the suitability of using land for sustainable construction in a protected area (PA) and its immediate and regional surroundings. The aim of this research is to propose and assess a model for evaluating land-use suitability for sustainable construction in a PA and its surroundings. The methodological approach of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis was used in the formation of this model and adapted for the research; it was combined with the adapted Analytical hierarchy process and the Delphi process, and supported by a geographical information system (GIS) within the framework of ESRI ArcGIS software - Spatial analyst...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Charla Marshall, Kimberly Sturk-Andreaggi, Jennifer Daniels-Higginbotham, Robert Sean Oliver, Suzanne Barritt-Ross, Timothy P McMahon
Next-generation ancient DNA technologies have the potential to assist in the analysis of degraded DNA extracted from forensic specimens. Mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequencing, specifically, may be of benefit to samples that fail to yield forensically relevant genetic information using conventional PCR-based techniques. This report summarizes the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System's Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory's (AFMES-AFDIL) performance evaluation of a Next-Generation Sequencing protocol for degraded and chemically treated past accounting samples...
September 8, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Meiling Lian, Liang Xu, Xiaowen Zhu, Xu Chen, Wensheng Yang, Tie Wang
This study demonstrates a new strategy for the development of a three-dimensional (3D) cell culture model-based cellular biosensing system. Distinctly different from the previously reported layering or separating fabrication of cell culture and sensing devices, herein living cells and enzymes as sensing elements are immobilized into a dipeptide-derived hydrogel matrix through simple one-pot self-assembly. The cells are then 3D cultured in the functional hydrogel, and the releasing superoxide anion (O2•‒) is detected in situ by a cascade superoxide dismutase and horseradish peroxidase-based electrochemical biosensor...
November 3, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Mohamad A Khaled, Paul Makdissi, Myra Yazbeck
The objective of this article is to provide the analyst with the necessary tools that allow for a robust ordering of joint distributions of health and income. We contribute to the literature on the measurement and inference of socioeconomic health inequality in three distinct but complementary ways. First, we provide a formalization of the socioeconomic health inequality-specific ethical principle introduced by Erreygers et al. (2012) . Second, we propose new graphical tools and dominance tests for the identification of robust orderings of joint distributions of income and health associated with this new ethical principle...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
Uroš Andjelković, Martina Šrajer Gajdošik, Dajana Gašo-Sokač, Tamara Martinović, Djuro Josić
The power of foodomics as a discipline that is now broadly used for quality assurance of food products and adulteration identification, as well as for determining the safety of food, is presented. Concerning sample preparation and application, maintenance of highly sophisticated instruments for both high-performance and high-throughput techniques, and analysis and data interpretation, special attention has to be paid to the development of skilled analysts. The obtained data shall be integrated under a strong bioinformatics environment...
September 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Mark-Anthony Bray, Anne E Carpenter
Robust high-content screening of visual cellular phenotypes has been enabled by automated microscopy and quantitative image analysis. The identification and removal of common image-based aberrations is critical to the screening workflow. Out-of-focus images, debris, and auto-fluorescing samples can cause artifacts such as focus blur and image saturation, contaminating downstream analysis and impairing identification of subtle phenotypes. Here, we describe an automated quality control protocol implemented in validated open-source software, leveraging the suite of image-based measurements generated by CellProfiler and the machine-learning functionality of CellProfiler Analyst...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Sophie A Stanley, Sarah V Hainsworth, Guy N Rutty
Stabbing with a kitchen knife is a common method of homicide in Europe. Serrated knives may leave tool markings (striations) in tissues. Documentation of striations is necessary for their use as forensic evidence. Traditional methods (physical casting and photography) have significant limitations, and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) has been trialled in cartilage to "virtually cast" wounds. Previous research has shown the proportion of striations in cartilage falls following decomposition. This project has investigated the effects of taphonomic alteration and documentation methods of striations in porcine skin...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Hannah Holtkötter, Kristina Schwender, Peter Wiegand, Heidi Peiffer, Marielle Vennemann
Body fluid identification is a substantial part of forensic trace analyses. The correct determination of the origin of a biological stain may give valuable information regarding the circumstances of a crime. A simple way to detect a body fluid in a stain is the use of immunochromatographic strip tests. They are easy to use, user-independent, quick, and cheap. Currently, however, it is only possible to analyze one body fluid at a time, requiring the analyst to make previous, possibly subjective, assumptions on the body fluid at hand...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Kimberly Sturk-Andreaggi, Michelle A Peck, Cecilie Boysen, Patrick Dekker, Timothy P McMahon, Charla K Marshall
The feasibility of generating mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) data has expanded considerably with the advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS), specifically in the generation of entire mtDNA genome (mitogenome) sequences. However, the analysis of these data has emerged as the greatest challenge to implementation in forensics. To address this need, a custom toolkit for use in the CLC Genomics Workbench (QIAGEN, Hilden, Germany) was developed through a collaborative effort between the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System - Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory (AFMES-AFDIL) and QIAGEN Bioinformatics...
September 19, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
David L George, Michael J Smith, JoLaine R Draugalis, Eleni L Tolma, Shellie L Keast, Justin B Wilson
OBJECTIVES: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) is moving toward a value-based model, which includes the Five-Star Quality Rating System (Star Ratings). Prescription Drug Plans include multiple pharmacy measures associated with adherence and patient safety that contribute to CMS Star Ratings scores. This study, using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), explored factors associated with community pharmacists' beliefs to improve Star Ratings scores. DESIGN: Exploratory, qualitative, use of focus groups, and the TPB...
October 23, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
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