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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920965/an-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-supervision-intensity-supervisor-qualifications-and-caseload-on-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Dennis R Dixon, Erik Linstead, Doreen Granpeesheh, Marlena N Novack, Ryan French, Elizabeth Stevens, Laura Stevens, Alva Powell
Ample research has shown the benefits of intensive applied behavior analysis (ABA) treatment for autism spectrum disorder (ASD); research that investigates the role of treatment supervision, however, is limited. The present study examined the relationship between mastery of learning objectives and supervision hours, supervisor credentials, years of experience, and caseload in a large sample of children with ASD (N = 638). These data were retrieved from a large archival database of children with ASD receiving community-based ABA services...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920964/the-apprentice-an-innovative-approach-to-meet-the-behavior-analysis-certification-board-s-supervision-standards
#2
Breanne K Hartley, William T Courtney, Mary Rosswurm, Vincent J LaMarca
The Behavior Analysis Certification Board continues to increase the standards for supervision of trainees, which is needed in order for the field to continually improve. However, this presents a challenge for organizations to meet the needs of both their clients and their supervisees based on these increasing standards. Throughout the ages, experts in all trades have passed along their knowledge and skill through apprenticeship opportunities. An apprenticeship supervision model is described that allows Board Certified Behavior Analysts to supervise future behavior analysts by mentoring, educating, and training supervisees on the science of human behavior in a format that is mutually beneficial...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920963/the-benefits-of-group-supervision-and-a-recommended-structure-for-implementation
#3
Amber L Valentino, Linda A LeBlanc, Tyra P Sellers
Effective supervision practices can facilitate the professional development of the supervisee, the continued growth of the supervisor, and the overall development of our field and its practice. In addition to individual supervision, many aspiring certificants also participate in group supervision experiences either as part of their academic practicum or as part of a supervised independent fieldwork experience. Group supervision can provide unique opportunities to establish critical professional repertoires such as peer feedback skills and public speaking skills...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920962/recommendations-for-detecting-and-addressing-barriers-to-successful-supervision
#4
Tyra P Sellers, Linda A LeBlanc, Amber L Valentino
Behavior analysts who supervise staff are responsible for establishing a healthy supervisory relationship and for teaching basic behavior analytic skills (e.g., verbal repertoires, technical repertoires, clinical decision-making). In addition, supervisors should prepare their supervisees to succeed in their subsequent professional activities by developing their interpersonal skills and professionalism repertoires. Difficulties in the supervisor relationship and problematic personal and professional skills often become the focus of targeted supervision efforts after the effects of deficits (e...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920961/taking-full-responsibility-the-ethics-of-supervision-in-behavior-analytic-practice
#5
Tyra P Sellers, Shahla Alai-Rosales, Rebecca P F MacDonald
The supervision of professionals in the field of behavior analysis is multifaceted. The BACB® Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysis provides guidance for effective supervisory practices, as supervision impacts both the supervisee and the consumers. The purpose of this article is (1) to discuss rationales and consequences relative to supervision issues, (2) to provide directions for professional development in each of the seven identified supervisory areas within the code, and (3) to set the occasion for critical discourse relative to supervision...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920960/towards-a-competency-based-ethical-and-socially-valid-approach-to-the-supervision-of-applied-behavior-analytic-trainees
#6
Laura B Turner, Aaron J Fischer, James K Luiselli
Competency-based supervision of trainees has recently come to the forefront of behavior analytic practice; however, there are minimal data to support the effectiveness of various supervision practices on trainee outcomes. Accordingly, this paper is intended to spark further discussion and research activity regarding the supervision of those seeking to become Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBA). We present a practice model and considerations for supervising applied behavior analytic trainees consistent with the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) Supervisor Training Curriculum Outline (Behavior Analyst Certification Board, 2012b), the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts (Behavior Analyst Certification Board, 2014), and extant literature from behavior analysis and related fields...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920959/recommended-practices-for-individual-supervision-of-aspiring-behavior-analysts
#7
Tyra P Sellers, Amber L Valentino, Linda A LeBlanc
Practicing behavior analysts and behavior analysts in academic settings often provide supervision for young professionals who are pursuing certification as a behavior analyst. Effective supervision is critical to the quality of ongoing behavioral services, the professional development of the supervisee, the continued growth of the supervisor, and the overall development of our field and its practice. The Behavior Analyst Certification Board recently instituted several new requirements including training in supervisory practices prior to supervising those who are accruing hours toward the experience requirement for certification...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920958/refining-supervisory-practices-in-the-field-of-behavior-analysis-introduction-to-the-special-section-on-supervision
#8
Linda A LeBlanc, James K Luiselli
The rapid growth in the number of behavior analysts and aspiring behavior analysts creates an imperative for effective and efficient supervisory practices. Many behavior analysts receive little to no explicit instruction and mentoring in supervision practices while they are in training themselves. Those behavior analysts may then be expected to provide supervision for a range of individuals soon after graduation and certification and throughout the remainder of their career. The papers included in this special issue offer guidance for establishing and maintaining supervisory relationships, understanding the importance of each of the ethical guidelines for supervision, structuring group supervision experiences, managing problems that can arise during the course of a supervisory relationship, and arranging models of supervision within human service organizations...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910122/one-stage-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis-models-estimation-of-treatment-covariate-interactions-must-avoid-ecological-bias-by-separating-out-within-trial-and-across-trial-information
#9
Hairui Hua, Danielle L Burke, Michael J Crowther, Joie Ensor, Catrin Tudur Smith, Richard D Riley
Stratified medicine utilizes individual-level covariates that are associated with a differential treatment effect, also known as treatment-covariate interactions. When multiple trials are available, meta-analysis is used to help detect true treatment-covariate interactions by combining their data. Meta-regression of trial-level information is prone to low power and ecological bias, and therefore, individual participant data (IPD) meta-analyses are preferable to examine interactions utilizing individual-level information...
December 1, 2016: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908833/pilot-evaluation-of-a-method-to-assess-prescribers-information-processing-of-medication-alerts
#10
Alissa L Russ, Brittany L Melton, Joanne K Daggy, Jason J Saleem
BACKGROUND: Prescribers commonly receive alerts during medication ordering. Prescribers work in a complex, time-pressured environment; to enhance the effectiveness of safety alerts, the effort needed to cognitively process these alerts should be minimized. Methods to evaluate the extent to which computerized alerts support prescribers' information processing are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To develop a methodological protocol to assess the extent to which alerts support prescribers' information processing at-a-glance; specifically, the incorporation of information into working memory...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907240/photo-realistic-statistical-skull-morphotypes-new-exemplars-for-ancestry-and-sex-estimation-in-forensic-anthropology
#11
Jodi Caple, Carl N Stephan
Graphic exemplars of cranial sex and ancestry are essential to forensic anthropology for standardizing casework, training analysts, and communicating group trends. To date, graphic exemplars have comprised hand-drawn sketches, or photographs of individual specimens, which risks bias/subjectivity. Here, we performed quantitative analysis of photographic data to generate new photo-realistic and objective exemplars of skull form. Standardized anterior and left lateral photographs of skulls for each sex were analyzed in the computer graphics program Psychomorph for the following groups: South African Blacks, South African Whites, American Blacks, American Whites, and Japanese...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898331/cleaning-verification-exploring-the-effect-of-the-cleanliness-of-stainless-steel-surface-on-sample-recovery
#12
Imad A Haidar Ahmad, James Tam, Xue Li, William Duffield, Thomas Tarara, Andrei Blasko
The parameters affecting the recovery of pharmaceutical residues from the surface of stainless steel coupons for quantitative cleaning verification method development have been studied, including active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) level, spiking procedure, API/excipient ratio, analyst-to-analyst variability, inter-day variability, and cleaning procedure of the coupons. The lack of a well-defined procedure that consistently cleaned coupon surface was identified as the major contributor to low and variable recoveries...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893370/network-visualization-as-a-higher-order-visual-analysis-tool
#13
Tim Dwyer
The transformation of data into visuals that are as effective and engaging as possible for compelling presentation is an emerging topic in information visualization research. With this goal in mind, several data-analysis system approaches offer a higher-order network visualization that map insights rather than raw data. Knowledge visualization or externalization in the form of small, focused diagrams can communicate insights as well as help analysts structure their reasoning process.
November 2016: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893368/bkviz-a-basketball-visual-analysis-tool
#14
Antonio G Losada, Roberto Theron, Alejandro Benito
The amount of data available in the sports field is difficult for coaches, analysts, and players to comprehend using classic analytics methods. Thus, new methods are necessary to help users break down that information and analyze it at a deeper level. The BKViz visual analytics system focuses on individual basketball games using classic and novel methods to reveal how players perform together and as individuals. The information is presented in interactive visualizations that allow immediate user feedback.
November 2016: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893364/visualizing-rugby-game-styles-using-self-organizing-maps
#15
Peter Lamb, Hayden Croft
Rugby coaches and analysts often use notational data describing match events to assess their team's performance and to devise strategic plans for upcoming matches. However, given the volume and complexity of the data available, it is difficult for them to recognize high-dimensional relationships among the available performance variables. A nonlinear approach using self-organizing maps (SOM) can help visualize the performance of a team and its opponents as well as the subsequent suitability of certain game styles, given the style of the opponent...
November 2016: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893346/the-preoedipal-and-oedipal-structure-of-termination-an-in-depth-case-study
#16
Trevor Lubbe
Much has been written about the Oedipus complex as a central organizing focus for the understanding of early developmental attainments as well as for the structuring of the personality, but nowhere are triangular forces more vitally active, clinically, than in the termination phase. The decision to end, once agreed upon, typically sets in motion a symmetrical process in which two dynamics occur concurrently. First, what drives the termination is a mourning process in which the primary task is to relinquish the analyst as a transference object and to establish the analyst as an internal object...
December 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893344/from-hallucination-to-fiction-the-invention-of-meaning-in-psychosis
#17
Silvia Lippi, Célia Lehaire, Laetitia Petit
Taking their inspiration from a case history, the authors explore the effects of a writing workshop led by a professional writer for patients in a psychiatric hospital. This workshop allowed different modes of transference to unfold: transference to the analyst-therapist, transference to the writer who led the workshop, and transference to the other members of the group. The writing activity created conditions in which there could be a movement from hallucination to delusion-a delusion expressed in fiction through the act of writing...
December 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891091/amyloid-plaques-in-retina-for-diagnosis-in-alzheimer-s-patients-a-meta-analysis
#18
Jiangling Jiang, Hongyan Wang, Wei Li, Xinyi Cao, Chunbo Li
Background: Detection of retinal β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide accumulation is a novel diagnostic method for Alzheimer's disease (AD), but there is, as yet, no conclusive evidence of its accuracy. Aim: To identify the diagnostic accuracy of pathological retinal Aβ detection for AD by a meta-analytic approach. Methods: Electronic and reference searches were conducted to identify studies related to the diagnostic effects of retinal Aβ detection in AD that met pre-defined inclusion criteria. The QUADAS-2 tool was employed to assess the risk of bias, and Review Manager plus the Open Meta-Analyst were used to perform the data analysis...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890100/sex-and-ancestry-assessment-of-brazilian-crania-using-semi-automatic-mesh-processing-tools
#19
Mikoláš Jurda, Petra Urbanová
The present paper aims to test performances of semi-automatic tools for mesh-to-mesh processing while assessing sex and ancestry in documented human crania. The studied sample of 80 human crania, which originated in two documented Brazilian collections (São Paulo, Brazil) was digitized using photogrammetry and laser scanning. 3D cranial morphology was quantified by computing inter-mesh dissimilarity measures using in-house freeware FIDENTIS Analyst (www.fidentis.com). Numerical outputs were further processed using Discriminant Function Analysis and Canonical Variant Analysis in order to classify models into sex and ancestry groups...
November 2016: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886869/frailty-and-the-prediction-of-negative-health-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Sofie Vermeiren, Roberta Vella-Azzopardi, David Beckwée, Ann-Katrin Habbig, Aldo Scafoglieri, Bart Jansen, Ivan Bautmans
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is one of the most important concerns regarding our aging population. Evidence grows that the syndrome is linked to several important health outcomes. A general overview of frailty concepts and a comprehensive meta-analysis of their relation with negative health outcomes still lacks in literature, making it difficult for health care professionals and researchers to recognize frailty and the related health risks on the one hand and on the other hand to appropriately follow up the frailty process and take substantiated action...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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