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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109043/angiographic-assessment-of-aortic-regurgitation-by-video-densitometry-in-the-setting-of-tavi-echocardiographic-and-clinical-correlates
#1
Mohammad Abdelghani, Hiroki Tateishi, Yosuke Miyazaki, Rafael Cavalcante, Osama I I Soliman, Jan G Tijssen, Robbert J de Winter, Jan Baan, Yoshinobu Onuma, Carlos M Campos, Rogério S Leite, José A Mangione, Alexandre Abizaid, Pedro A Lemos, Fabio S de Brito, Patrick W Serruys
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate a new angiographic method for aortic regurgitation (AR) severity assessment in the setting of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). BACKGROUND: AR after TAVI is common but challenging to quantitate, especially in the cath-lab. METHODS: In 228 patients, AR was quantitated before and after TAVI by echocardiography and by video-densitometric analysis of aortograms. Contrast time-density curves for the aortic root (the reference region) and the left ventricular outflow tract, LVOT were generated...
January 21, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109012/the-impact-of-a-soiled-airway-on-intubation-success-in-the-emergency-department-when-using-the-glidescope-or-the-direct-laryngoscope
#2
John C Sakles, G Judson Corn, Patrick Hollinger, Brittany Arcaris, Asad E Patanwala, Jarrod M Mosier
BACKGROUND: To determine the impact of a soiled airway on first pass success when using the GlideScope video laryngoscope or the direct laryngoscope for intubation in the emergency department. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on all patients intubated in an academic emergency department from July 1, 2007 to June 30, 2016. Patients ≥18 years of age, who underwent rapid sequence intubation with the GlideScope or the direct laryngoscope were included in the analysis...
January 20, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108685/a-tablet-based-multimedia-education-tool-improves-provider-and-subject-knowledge-of-inhaler-use-techniques
#3
Aaron M Mulhall, Muhammad A Zafar, Samantha Record, Herman Channell, Ralph J Panos
BACKGROUND: Although inhaled medications are effective therapies for COPD, many patients and providers use them incorrectly. METHODS: We recruited providers who prescribe inhalers or teach inhaler technique and assessed their use of metered-dose inhalers (MDIs), various dry powder inhalers (DPIs), and Respimat using predefined checklists. Then they watched tablet-based multimedia educational videos that demonstrated correct inhaler technique by a clinical pharmacist with teach-back from a patient and were re-evaluated...
February 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108684/ability-of-icu-health-care-professionals-to-identify-patient-ventilator-asynchrony-using-waveform-analysis
#4
Ivan I Ramirez, Daniel H Arellano, Rodrigo S Adasme, Jose M Landeros, Francisco A Salinas, Alvaro G Vargas, Francisco J Vasquez, Ignacio A Lobos, Magdalena L Oyarzun, Ruben D Restrepo
BACKGROUND: Waveform analysis by visual inspection can be a reliable, noninvasive, and useful tool for detecting patient-ventilator asynchrony. However, it is a skill that requires a properly trained professional. METHODS: This observational study was conducted in 17 urban ICUs. Health-care professionals (HCPs) working in these ICUs were asked to recognize different types of asynchrony shown in 3 evaluation videos. The health-care professionals were categorized according to years of experience, prior training in mechanical ventilation, profession, and number of asynchronies identified correctly...
February 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108575/uniportal-thoracoscopic-decortication-for-pleural-empyema-and-the-role-of-ultrasonographic-preoperative-staging%C3%A2
#5
Stefano Bongiolatti, Luca Voltolini, Sara Borgianni, Roberto Borrelli, Giorgia Tancredi, Domenico Viggiano, Alessandro Gonfiotti
OBJECTIVES: The surgical approach to chronic pleural empyema is still controversial. Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) debridement and decortication has shown favourable outcomes, while the uniportal VATS (U-VATS) approach is still anecdotal. We report our experience with ultrasonographic (US) preoperative staging followed by U-VATS decortication for pleural empyema. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent surgical treatment of stage II and stage III pleural empyema from 2012 to 2015...
January 19, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108504/youtube-and-the-single-rod-contraceptive-implant-a-content-analysis
#6
Jennifer Paul, Christy M Boraas, Mildred Duvet, Judy C Chang
BACKGROUND: Since the internet has become an important source of contraceptive information with YouTube.com as the second most visited site, we analysed contraceptive implant YouTube videos for content and clinical accuracy. METHODS: Using the terms 'contraceptive implant', 'Nexplanon' and 'Implanon', the top 20 results on YouTube by relevance and view count were identified. After excluding duplicates, single-rod implant videos in English were included. Videos were classified as providing a professional or patient perspective...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108429/toward-patient-centered-telerehabilitation-design-understanding-chronic-pain-patients-preferences-for-web-based-exercise-telerehabilitation-using-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#7
Karlijn Cranen, Catharina Gm Groothuis-Oudshoorn, Miriam Mr Vollenbroek-Hutten, Maarten J IJzerman
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered design that addresses patients' preferences and needs is considered an important aim for improving health care systems. At present, within the field of pain rehabilitation, patients' preferences regarding telerehabilitation remain scarcely explored and little is known about the optimal combination between human and electronic contact from the patients' perspective. In addition, limited evidence is available about the best way to explore patients' preferences...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108153/parameters-from-the-complete-phonatory-range-of-an-excised-rabbit-larynx
#8
Randal D Mills, Keith Dodd, Alex Ablavsky, Erin Devine, Jack J Jiang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to collect data throughout the complete phonatory range using rabbit larynges. STUDY DESIGN: This is a methodological excised rabbit larynx study. METHODS: Seven rabbit larynges were dissected and mounted on a modified excised laryngeal apparatus. Phonation was initiated at phonation threshold pressure (PTP) and airflow was increased by consistent increments until phonation instability pressure (PIP) was reached...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107847/the-effect-of-watching-funny-and-unfunny-videos-on-post-surgical-pain-levels
#9
Hülya Elmali, Reva Balci Akpinar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe pain intensity before and after watching funny and unfunny videos on post-surgical pain levels. METHODS: Ninety patients were divided into three groups. Group A watched funny videos, Group B watched unfunny videos, Group C did not watch any videos. Pain assessment of the patients was carried out before (first), immediately after (second), and 30 min after (third) watching videos. RESULTS: The first pain scoremean in Group A was 40...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107417/is-variety-the-spice-of-life-an-experimental-investigation-into-the-effects-of-species-richness-on-self-reported-mental-well-being
#10
Lukas J Wolf, Sophus Zu Ermgassen, Andrew Balmford, Mathew White, Netta Weinstein
Losses in biodiversity and trends toward urbanisation have reduced people's contact with biodiverse nature, yet the consequences for mental well-being are not well understood. Here, we demonstrate that greater plant and animal species richness in isolation causes an improvement in mental well-being. To do so, the present research experimentally manipulated species richness and assessed widely-used indicators of mental well-being. Participants viewed short videos of either high or low tree (Study 1) or bird (Study 2) species richness and reported on positive (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107407/sympatry-predicts-spot-pigmentation-patterns-and-female-association-behavior-in-the-livebearing-fish-poeciliopsis-baenschi
#11
Andrea J Roth-Monzón, Laura E Scott, Ashley A Camargo, Eliza I Clark, Eric E Schott, Jerald B Johnson
In this study, we explored the possibility that differences in pigmentation patterns among populations of the fish Poeciliopsis baenschi were associated with the presence or absence of the closely related species P. turneri. If reproductive character displacement is responsible, spotting patterns in these two species should diverge in sympatry, but not allopatry. We predicted that female P. baenschi from sympatric sites should show a preference for associating with conspecifics vs. heterospecific males, but females from allopatric sites should show no such preferences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107380/novel-tools-in-determining-the-physiological-demands-and-nutritional-practices-of-ontario-firerangers-during-fire-deployments
#12
A H Robertson, C Larivière, C R Leduc, Z McGillis, T Eger, A Godwin, M Larivière, S C Dorman
INTRODUCTION: The seasonal profession of wildland fire fighting in Canada requires individuals to work in harsh environmental conditions that are physically demanding. The purpose of this study was to use novel technologies to evaluate the physiological demands and nutritional practices of Canadian FireRangers during fire deployments. METHODS: Participants (n = 21) from a northern Ontario Fire Base volunteered for this study and data collection occurred during the 2014 fire season and included Initial Attack (IA), Project Fire (P), and Fire Base (B) deployments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107317/photography-in-telemedicine-improving-diagnosis-of-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease%C3%A2
#13
Brianna Busby, Shannon Campbell, Rachel Cole, Charisse DeVries, Kamille Dobbins, Mary Beth Trimble, Mihkaila Wickline
BACKGROUND: The long-term follow-up (LTFU) team at the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance uses telemedicine to diagnose and treat post-transplantation complications in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors. Photos are often requested via the telemedicine service to aid in diagnosis, but they are typically of poor quality, making them unusable.
. OBJECTIVES: This project offered bachelor of science in nursing students, partnered with a comprehensive cancer center, the opportunity to participate in an evidence-based practice project to improve detection and management of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) in patients after HCT...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107113/the-relationship-between-pitching-mechanics-and-injury
#14
Peter N Chalmers, Markus A Wimmer, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole, Anthony A Romeo, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Michael L Pearl
CONTEXT: The overhand pitch is one of the fastest known human motions and places enormous forces and torques on the upper extremity. Shoulder and elbow pain and injury are common in high-level pitchers. A large body of research has been conducted to understand the pitching motion. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to gain a full understanding of all currently available biomechanical and clinical evidence surrounding pitching motion analysis...
January 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106619/video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-in-patients-with-previous-sternotomy-and-cardiac-surgery
#15
Derek R Serna-Gallegos, Heather E Merry, Robert J McKenna
OBJECTIVE: Although video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has become a standard approach for early-stage 1 lung cancer, concerns exist regarding potential damage to the heart or bypass grafts when VATS is performed after cardiac surgery via median sternotomy. We could find only case reports regarding VATS lobectomy after sternotomy for cardiac surgery. Therefore, we reviewed our series of patients who underwent VATS anatomic resections after sternotomy for cardiac surgery. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2010, there were 87 patients who underwent 88 pulmonary resections after sternotomy for coronary artery bypass grafting (64), valve replacement or repair (12), coronary artery bypass graft and valve replacement (6), and transplant (5)...
January 19, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106098/social-models-enhance-apes-memory-for-novel-events
#16
Lauren H Howard, Katherine E Wagner, Amanda L Woodward, Stephen R Ross, Lydia M Hopper
Nonhuman primates are more likely to learn from the actions of a social model than a non-social "ghost display", however the mechanism underlying this effect is still unknown. One possibility is that live models are more engaging, drawing increased attention to social stimuli. However, recent research with humans has suggested that live models fundamentally alter memory, not low-level attention. In the current study, we developed a novel eye-tracking paradigm to disentangle the influence of social context on attention and memory in apes...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105993/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-using-a-combination-of-robotics-and-telecommunications-by-an-operator-in-a-separate-physical-location-from-the-patient-an-early-exploration-into-the-feasibility-of-telestenting-the-remote-pci-study
#17
Ryan D Madder, Stacie M VanOosterhout, Mark E Jacoby, J Stewart Collins, Andrew S Borgman, Abbey N Mulder, Matthew A Elmore, Jessica L Campbell, Richard F McNamara, David H Wohns
AIMS: The present study explores the feasibility of telestenting, wherein a physician operator performs stenting on a patient in a separate physical location using a combination of robotics and telecommunications. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients undergoing robotic stenting were eligible for inclusion. All manipulations of guidewires, balloons, and stents were performed robotically by a physician operator located in an isolated separate room outside the procedure room housing the patient...
January 20, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105642/what-do-popular-youtube-tm-videos-say-about-vaccines
#18
C H Basch, P Zybert, R Reeves, C E Basch
BACKGROUND: The unregulated social network YouTube(TM) has become an increasingly popular source of information on health topics such as vaccine safety. With a reach of over one billion users per month, the potential for misinformation is significant. METHODS: Using the keywords 'vaccine safety' and 'vaccines and children', 87 of the most widely viewed YouTube(TM) videos were identified and analyzed for content, author status and view count. RESULTS: The range of view counts was 25 532 to 6 229 835, with a median of 62 075 views per video...
January 19, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105489/whisker-touch-guides-canopy-exploration-in-a-nocturnal-arboreal-rodent-the-hazel-dormouse-muscardinus-avellanarius
#19
Kendra Arkley, Guuske P Tiktak, Vicki Breakell, Tony J Prescott, Robyn A Grant
Dormouse numbers are declining in the UK due to habitat loss and fragmentation. We know that dormice are nocturnal, arboreal, and avoid crossing open spaces between habitats, yet how they navigate around their canopy is unknown. As other rodents use whisker touch sensing to navigate and explore their environment, this study investigates whether Hazel dormice (Muscardinus avellanarius) employ their whiskers to cross between habitats. We analysed high-speed video footage of dormice exploring freely in flat and climbing arenas in near darkness and using infrared light illumination...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105347/pulmonary-intravascular-large-b-cell-lymphoma-successfully-treated-with-rituximab-cyclophosphamide-vincristine-doxorubicin-and-prednisolone-immunochemotherapy-report-of-a-patient-surviving-for-over-1-year
#20
Shizuka Nishii-Ito, Hiroki Izumi, Hirokazu Touge, Kenichi Takeda, Yuzuru Hosoda, Akira Yamasaki, Satoshi Kuwamoto, Eiji Shimizu, Toru Motokura
A 73-year-old man with a history of lethargy, fever and dyspnea was admitted to Tottori University Hospital. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed splenomegaly and diffusely spreading ground-glass opacities (GGOs) in both lungs. A video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)-guided lung biopsy revealed intravascular proliferation of large atypical lymphoid cells in the arteries, veins and alveolar walls. The patient was diagnosed with intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL); he received 6 cycles of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone (R-CHOP) immunochemotherapy and has remained in complete remission for >1 year...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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