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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922101/social-determinants-of-eyeblinks-in-adult-male-macaques
#1
Sébastien Ballesta, Clayton P Mosher, Jeno Szep, Kate D Fischl, Katalin M Gothard
Videos with rich social and emotional content elicit natural social behaviors in primates. Indeed, while watching videos of conspecifics, monkeys engage in eye contact, gaze follow, and reciprocate facial expressions. We hypothesized that the frequency and timing of eyeblinks also depends on the social signals contained in videos. We monitored the eyeblinks of four male adult macaques while they watched videos of conspecifics displaying facial expressions with direct or averted gaze. The instantaneous blink rate of all four animals decreased during videos...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922022/fast-and-behavior-selective-exploitation-of-a-marine-fish-targeted-by-anglers
#2
Josep Alós, Miquel Palmer, Rosario Rosselló, Robert Arlinghaus
Harvesting of wild-living animals is often intensive and may selectively target heritable behavioral traits. We studied the exploitation dynamics and the vulnerability consequences of individual heterogeneity in movement-related behaviors in free-ranging pearly razorfish (Xyrichthys novacula). Using underwater-video recording, we firstly document a fast and high exploitation rate of about 60% of the adult population removed in just few days after the opening of the season. Subsequently, we tagged a sample of individuals with acoustic transmitters and studied whether behavioral traits were significant predictors of the vulnerability to angling...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921197/counselees-perspectives-of-genomic-counseling-following-online-receipt-of-multiple-actionable-complex-disease-and-pharmacogenomic-results-a-qualitative-research-study
#3
Kevin Sweet, Shelly Hovick, Amy C Sturm, Tara Schmidlen, Erynn Gordon, Barbara Bernhardt, Lisa Wawak, Karen Wernke, Joseph McElroy, Laura Scheinfeldt, Amanda E Toland, J S Roberts, Michael Christman
Genomic applications raise multiple challenges including the optimization of genomic counseling (GC) services as part of the results delivery process. More information on patients' motivations, preferences, and informational needs are essential to guide the development of new, more efficient practice delivery models that capitalize on the existing strengths of a limited genetic counseling workforce. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with a subset of counselees from the Coriell Personalized Medicine Collaborative following online receipt of multiple personalized genomic test reports...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920969/examining-the-effects-of-video-modeling-and-prompts-to-teach-activities-of-daily-living-skills
#4
Catarina Aldi, Alexandra Crigler, Kelly Kates-McElrath, Brian Long, Hillary Smith, Kim Rehak, Lisa Wilkinson
Video modeling has been shown to be effective in teaching a number of skills to learners diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In this study, we taught two young men diagnosed with ASD three different activities of daily living skills (ADLS) using point-of-view video modeling. Results indicated that both participants met criterion for all ADLS. Participants did not maintain mastery criterion at a 1-month follow-up, but did score above baseline at maintenance with and without video modeling. • Point-of-view video models may be an effective intervention to teach daily living skills...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920262/home-exercise-programmes-supported-by-video-and-automated-reminders-compared-with-standard-paper-based-home-exercise-programmes-in-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Kellie B Emmerson, Katherine E Harding, Nicholas F Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with stroke receiving rehabilitation for upper limb deficits using smart technology (video and reminder functions) demonstrate greater adherence to prescribed home exercise programmes and better functional outcomes when compared with traditional paper-based exercise prescription. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial comparing upper limb home exercise programmes supported by video and automated reminders on smart technology, with standard paper-based home exercise programmes...
December 5, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919864/taxonomy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-knee-conditions-trak-a-digital-intervention-to-support-the-self-care-components-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rehabilitation-protocol-of-a-feasibility-study
#6
Emma Dunphy, Fiona L Hamilton, Kate Button
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is common, especially in the active population. In defining the problem of ACL rehabilitation, this study draws from the knowledge that improved self-care, strength, and fitness are associated with better outcomes. Traditional rehabilitation involves regular physiotherapy, but it is not clear what the optimal way for delivering rehabilitation is, and it varies widely across the world. Evidence for treatments are discussed in the literature, however standard length of rehabilitation and frequency of appointments are unknown...
December 5, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919731/nerve-sparing-laparoscopic-colposacropexy-using-a-percutaneous-surgical-system-a-case-report
#7
Federico Romano, Francesco Legge, Giovanni Scambia, Maurizio Guido
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy and safeness of nerve-sparing laparoscopic colposacropexy performed with a minimally invasive approach by using 2,9 mm Percuvance(TM) Percutaneous Surgical System (PSS) (The Percuvance(TM) System, Teleflex Inc., USA). DESIGN: Step-by-step video demonstration of the surgical technique. The Internal Department Committee approved this study. The patient was adequately informed about the possible risks and benefits of this experimental technique and a written consent agreeing to undergo the described procedure was signed...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919590/rebuttal-to-the-manuscript-by-r-j-porter-epires-d-16-00150
#8
D G A Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenité
Development of new effective medicines for patients, who continue to have seizures or experience unwanted side-effects, is an important goal. The human "Photosensitivity Model", a POC study, helps to achieve this goal by providing accurate PharmacoKinetic / PharmcoDynamic (PK/PD) data in epilepsy patients at a very early stage and in a highly controlled, standardized and safe setting (in- hospital video-EEG photic stimulation tests and single-dose AED administration). All information referred to in this rebuttal is based on evidence and not on personal communication...
November 27, 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919376/usability-evaluation-of-the-smart-application-for-youth-with-mtbi
#9
Judith W Dexheimer, Brad G Kurowski, Shilo H Anders, Nicole McClanahan, Shari L Wade, Lynn Babcock
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of evidence-based treatments available to address the significant morbidity associated with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). To address this gap, we designed a novel user-friendly, web-based application. We describe the preliminary evaluation of feasibility and usability of the application to promote recovery following mTBI in youth, the Self-Monitoring Activity-Restriction and Relaxation Treatment (SMART). SMART incorporates real-time recommendations for individualized symptom management and activity restriction along with training in cognitive-behavioral coping strategies...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919328/using-video-in-concussion-surveillance
#10
EDITORIAL
Gordon S Waddington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919114/a-low-cost-high-definition-video-system-for-microsurgical-hindlimb-replantation-in-rats
#11
Rui Sergio, Monteiro de Barros, Marcus Vinicius Henriques Brito, Rafael Aquino Leal, Renan Kleber Costa Teixeira, Marcelo Ferreia Sabbá, Vitor Nagai Yamaki, Marcos Vinicius Vieira Lemos
Background The surgical microscope is still essential for microsurgery, but several alternatives that show promising results are currently under development, such as endoscopes and laparoscopes with video systems; however, as yet, these have only been used for arterial anastomoses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a low-cost video-assisted magnification system in replantation of the hindlimbs of rats. Methods Thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into two matched groups according to the magnification system used: the microscope group, with hindlimb replantation performed under a microscope with an image magnification of 40× and the video group, with the procedures performed under a video system composed of a high-definition camcorder, macrolenses, a 42-in television, and a digital HDMI cable...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918851/influence-of-a-100-m-simulated-in-water-rescue-on-cardiopulmonary-parameters
#12
Ana Sousa, Ricardo J Fernandes, Núria Rodríguez, J Arturo Abraldes
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) after a drowning episode is performed under fatigue conditions. However, the characterization of CPR in this context is still unknown. Our purpose was to investigate the effect of a 100-m simulated in-water rescue on CPR and physiological parameters in trained certified lifeguards. METHODS: Thirty trained certified lifeguards (age 24.6 ± 3.8 yrs; height 178.2 ± 7.4 cm and weight 76.9 ± 10.6 kg) completed two protocols using an adult manikin: (i) 4-min CPR after 4-min baseline conditions (CPR), and (ii) 4-min CPR after a 100-m simulated in-water rescue in the sea (CPR Rescue), both with a compression-ventilation ratio of 30:2...
December 5, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918466/evaluating-a-website-to-teach-children-safety-with-dogs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
David C Schwebel, Peng Li, Leslie A McClure, Joan Severson
Dog bites represent a significant threat to child health. Theory-driven interventions scalable for broad dissemination are sparse. A website was developed to teach children dog safety via increased knowledge, improved cognitive skills in relevant domains, and increased perception of vulnerability to bites. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 69 children aged 4-5 randomly assigned to use the dog safety website or a control transportation safety website for ~3 weeks. Assessment of dog safety knowledge and behavior plus skill in three relevant cognitive constructs (impulse control, noticing details, and perspective-taking) was conducted both at baseline and following website use...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918438/minimum-interference-channel-assignment-algorithm-for-multicast-in-a-wireless-mesh-network
#14
Sangil Choi, Jong Hyuk Park
Wireless mesh networks (WMNs) have been considered as one of the key technologies for the configuration of wireless machines since they emerged. In a WMN, wireless routers provide multi-hop wireless connectivity between hosts in the network and also allow them to access the Internet via gateway devices. Wireless routers are typically equipped with multiple radios operating on different channels to increase network throughput. Multicast is a form of communication that delivers data from a source to a set of destinations simultaneously...
December 2, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918425/the-influence-of-health-behaviours-in-childhood-on-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adolescence
#15
Xiuyun Wu, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul J Veugelers
Attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is a global public health burden. Identification of health-related behavioral risk factors including diet quality and physical and sedentary activities for ADHD is important for prioritizing behavioral intervention strategies to improve mental health. This study aimed to examine the association of diet quality, physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in childhood with ADHD throughout adolescence. We linked data from grade five students aged primarily 10 and 11 years old who participated in a population-based lifestyle survey in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia with their administrative health care data...
December 2, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918220/an-interactive-distance-solution-for-stroke-rehabilitation-in-the-home-setting-a-feasibility-study
#16
Susanne Palmcrantz, Jörgen Borg, Disa Sommerfeld, Jeanette Plantin, Anneli Wall, Maria Ehn, Marie Sjölinder, Inga-Lill Boman
BACKGROUND: In this study an interactive distance solution (called the DISKO tool) was developed to enable home-based motor training after stroke. OBJECTIVES: The overall aim was to explore the feasibility and safety of using the DISKO-tool, customized for interactive stroke rehabilitation in the home setting, in different rehabilitation phases after stroke. METHODS: Fifteen patients in three different stages in the continuum of rehabilitation after stroke participated in a home-based training program using the DISKO-tool...
December 5, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917731/the-measurement-of-intelligence-in-the-xxi-century-using-video-games
#17
M A Quiroga, F J Román, J De La Fuente, J Privado, R Colom
This paper reviews the use of video games for measuring intelligence differences and reports two studies analyzing the relationship between intelligence and performance on a leisure video game. In the first study, the main focus was to design an Intelligence Test using puzzles from the video game. Forty-seven young participants played "Professor Layton and the curious village"® for a maximum of 15 hours and completed a set of intelligence standardized tests. Results show that the time required for completing the game interacts with intelligence differences: the higher the intelligence, the lower the time (d = ...
December 5, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917704/parent-child-interaction-in-motor-speech-therapy
#18
Aravind Kumar Namasivayam, Vibhuti Jethava, Margit Pukonen, Anna Huynh, Debra Goshulak, Robert Kroll, Pascal van Lieshout
PURPOSE: This study measures the reliability and sensitivity of a modified Parent-Child Interaction Observation scale (PCIOs) used to monitor the quality of parent-child interaction. The scale is part of a home-training program employed with direct motor speech intervention for children with speech sound disorders. METHOD: Eighty-four preschool age children with speech sound disorders were provided either high- (2×/week/10 weeks) or low-intensity (1×/week/10 weeks) motor speech intervention...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916699/results-of-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-study-of-the-guidelines-for-exercise-in-multiple-sclerosis-project
#19
Yvonne C Learmonth, Brynn C Adamson, Dominique Kinnett-Hopkins, Maria Bohri, Robert W Motl
There is increasing recognition that exercise is an efficacious strategy for managing many consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS), yet persons with MS are not engaging in sufficient exercise for accruing health benefits. Poor exercise uptake might be associated with the design of previous research. We conducted a randomised controlled trial (RCT) for examining the feasibility of a 4-month home-based, exercise-training program designed based on recent physical activity guidelines for MS and supplemented by behavioural strategies for compliance...
December 1, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916497/the-diabeates-project-perceptual-affective-and-psychophysiological-effects-of-music-and-music-video-in-a-clinical-exercise-setting
#20
Jasmin C Hutchinson, Costas I Karageorghis, Jessica D Black
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music and music-video on perceptual (attentional focus, rated perceived exertion), affective (affective valence and enjoyment) and psychophysiological (blood glucose, heart rate) variables in outpatients attending a diabetes exercise clinic. METHODS: Participants were 24 females (age = 66.0 ± 8.5 years) enrolled in a supervised exercise program for people with diabetes. They engaged in mixed-modality exercise sessions that included a standardized combination of flexibility, aerobic and resistance activities under conditions of music, music-video and control...
December 1, 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
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