Read by QxMD icon Read

lesbian gay bisexual transgender

K Nicole Jones, Melanie E Brewster
In recent history, heterosexual allies have played an integral role in promoting change for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations in the United States; however, questions have been raised as to what drives heterosexual allies to promote change via activism. To delineate factors important in engagement in activism, 207 self-identified heterosexual allies completed an online survey measuring components associated with LGBT activism using Bandura's (1986) model of triadic reciprocal determinism: personal factors (ally identity, social justice self-efficacy and outcome expectations, empathetic perspective taking, and gender) and environmental factors (social justice related supports and barriers, positive marginality, and education level) to predict behaviors (LGBT activism)...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Cathleen E Willging, Amy E Green, Mary M Ramos
BACKGROUND: Reducing youth suicide in the United States (U.S.) is a national public health priority, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) youth are at elevated risk. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) endorses six evidence-based (EB) strategies that center on meeting the needs of LGBTQ youth in schools; however, fewer than 6 % of U.S. schools implement all of them. The proposed intervention model, "RLAS" (Implementing School Nursing Strategies to Reduce LGBTQ Adolescent Suicide), builds on the Exploration, Preparation, Implementation, and Sustainment (EPIS) conceptual framework and the Dynamic Adaptation Process (DAP) to implement EB strategies in U...
October 22, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Barbara K Snyder, Gail D Burack, Anna Petrova
Despite published guidelines on the need to provide comprehensive care to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning/queer (LGBTQ) youth, there has been limited research related to the deliverance of primary health care to this population. The goals of this study were to learn about LGBTQ youth's experiences with their primary care physicians and to identify areas for improvement. Youth attending 1 of 5 community-based programs completed a written questionnaire and participated in a focus group discussion regarding experiences at primary care visits, including topics discussed, counselling received, and physician communication...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Sarah Jen, Amanda E B Bryan, Jayn Goldsen
Cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, and other dementias are important health concerns for older adults. As a marginalized and growing segment of the older adult population, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults face distinct risk factors related to cognitive impairment and dementias, including social isolation, discrimination, barriers to health care access, limited availability of and support for caregivers, and higher rates of certain chronic illnesses. We examine cognitive impairment and dementias among LGBT older adults, describe their unique risk factors, and outline key competencies for health care and human service providers to ensure culturally relevant care for LGBT older adults experiencing cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, or other dementias, as well as their caregivers, families, and communities...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Kathryn Macapagal, Ramona Bhatia, George J Greene
PURPOSE: Health services research involving lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) individuals has focused on differences in healthcare access, use, and experiences between cisgender, heterosexual adults and LGBTQ adults. Yet these factors may differ within the LGBTQ community and have not been well-studied among emerging adults (18-29 years), a group with unique barriers to healthcare. We sought to characterize healthcare challenges within a sample of LGBTQ emerging adults...
October 11, 2016: LGBT Health
Kane Race, Toby Lea, Dean Murphy, Kiran Pienaar
There are complex historical connections between sexual minoritisation and desires to chemically alter bodily experience. For gay men, drug and alcohol use can be a creative or experimental response to social marginalisation - and not necessarily a problematic one in every instance. Numerous studies have found that infection with HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs) is more likely among gay and men who have sex with men (MSM) who use recreational drugs than those who do not, but the causal nature of these relations is uncertain...
October 7, 2016: Sexual Health
Elizabeth A McConnell, Michelle Birkett, Brian Mustanski
PURPOSE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adolescents are at greater risk for mental health problems than their heterosexual peers, in part due to victimization. Social support, particularly from families, has been identified as an important promotive factor. However, little is known about how LGBT youth experience multiple forms of support or how early support predicts mental health across adolescence and into young adulthood. METHODS: In an analytic sample of 232 LGBT youth aged 16-20 years at baseline across 5...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
R I Bjarnadottir, W Bockting, D Dowding
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine patients' perceptions of being asked about their sexual orientation and gender identity in the health care setting. BACKGROUND: Health disparities exist in the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) population but further research is needed to better understand these disparities. To address this issue experts recommend the routine collection of sexual orientation and gender identity data in healthcare. Nurses on the front line of patient care play a key role in the collection of this data...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
David A Fessler, Grace C Huang, Jennifer Potter, Joseph J Baker, Howard Libman
BACKGROUND: Declining mortality has led to a rising number of persons living with HIV (PLWH) and concerns about a future shortage of HIV practitioners. AIM: To develop an HIV Primary Care Track for internal medicine residents. SETTING: Academic hospital and community health center with a history of caring for PLWH and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients. PARTICIPANTS: Internal medicine residents. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: We enrolled four residents annually in a 3-year track with the goal of having each provide continuity care to at least 20 PLWH...
October 4, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Annesa Flentje, Armando Leon, Adam Carrico, Debbie Zheng, James Dilley
Sexual and gender minorities have been shown to have greater rates of mental health, substance use disorders, and specific types of health problems compared to heterosexuals. Among the homeless population in several US urban areas, sexual and gender minorities are overrepresented but few studies have examined the mental and physical health status of homeless sexual and gender minorities, with studies on homeless gender minorities being particularly hard to find. Using survey data obtained from the city and county of San Francisco (2015 Homeless Survey), this study examined differences in causes of homelessness, physical and mental health problems, and domestic violence among homeless sexual and gender minorities and their heterosexual and cisgender (i...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Alex Abramovich
This study examined the experiences that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, and 2-Spirit (LGBTQ2S) homeless youth have in shelters and the disjunctures that occur for this population in Toronto's shelter system. The attitudes and behaviours of shelter workers and management towards LGBTQ2S youth were also explored. A Critical Action Research approach, informed by Critical Ethnography and Institutional Ethnography was employed. Thirty-three people participated in this study in the Greater Toronto Area...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Calvin Moorley, Stephen Neville, Joy Johnson
In the past decade there has been considerable positive change regarding the civil rights and liberties of those from lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) communities. For example, the decriminalisation of homosexuality, the recent recognition of marriage and civil partnerships in some European, American and North and South American and Australasian countries, as well as the passing of anti-discriminatory laws that support equality. While these positive changes are welcomed there are areas that remain a challenge for LGBTI individuals and communities...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Elaine Bennett, Karen Berry, Theophilus I Emeto, Oliver K Burmeister, Jeanine Young, Linda Shields
AIM: to examine the attitudes to and knowledge and beliefs about homosexuality, of nurses and allied professionals in two early parenting services in Australia. BACKGROUND: Early parenting services employ nurses and allied professionals. Access and inclusion policies are important in community health and early childhood service settings. However, little is known about the perceptions of professionals who work within early parenting services in relation to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender families...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Hannah Kia, Kinnon Ross MacKinnon, Melissa Marie Legge
Despite the emergence of research on microaggressions targeting lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) communities in recent years, there remains an insufficiency of theoretical literature in this area. In this article, we draw on the works of Michel Foucault to conceptualize the effects of microaggressive practices on LGBTQ people accessing health and other social services, and generate insight into strategies these groups use to resist these effects. We emphasize the need for social workers, particularly those in health care settings, to support these communities' ongoing attempts at challenging the effects of microaggression, and to this end, outline several implications of our analysis for social work practice...
September 27, 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Stefanie Russell, Frederick More
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons are a diverse group, but they share a common need for competent, accessible health care, dispensed without intolerance and with an understanding of their unique health needs. Dental practitioners need to understanding that LGBT persons have distinctive health (and oral health) needs. This article reviews the literature on oral and overall health of LGBT persons in the United States, and discusses ways in which dentists can improve the health care they provide to this vulnerable population, including how interprofessional education and collaborative practice may help to reduce oral health disparities within this group...
October 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
Emily Colpitts, Jacqueline Gahagan
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is a dearth of baseline data on the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) populations in the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. Historically, LGBTQ health research has tended to focus on individual-level health risks associated with poor health outcomes among these populations, which has served to obscure the ways in which they maintain their own health and wellness across the life course. As such, there is an urgent need to shift the focus of LGBTQ health research towards strengths-based perspectives that explore the complex and resilient ways in which LGBTQ populations promote their health...
2016: BMC Public Health
Charles A Walker, Harriet Cohen, David Jenkins
Despite sensationalized media attention, transgender individuals are the most marginalized and misunderstood group in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community. The current article presents a case study of one woman's quest for identity. Narrative inquiry was used to analyze data from interview transcripts and four themes emerged during analysis: (a) naming the ambiguity, (b) revealing-concealing the authentic self, (c) discovering the transgender community, and (d) embracing the "T" identity...
February 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
İpek Göçmen, Volkan Yılmaz
This paper explores the discrimination practices encountered by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals in education, income, employment and health care in Turkey. Limited quantitative data on LGBT individuals are available in Turkey. This study collected data from 2,875 LGBT individuals through a web-based survey. The findings suggest that LGBT individuals report perceived direct and indirect discrimination in accessing education, employment and health care. In a country where LGBT rights are not yet recognized and anti-discrimination legislation covering sexual orientation and gender identity is still non-existent, findings demonstrate perceived discrimination of LGBTs rarely turns into a legal complaint...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Kristi Rüütel, Anti Valk, Liilia Lõhmus
Many studies over the last decade provide strong evidence of elevated rates of suicidality among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations compared to heterosexual populations. The aim of the current study was to investigate suicidal ideation and attempts and related factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Estonia. We conducted a nationwide Internet-based study among MSM with 265 eligible participants. Our results reveal high rates of self-reported suicidal ideation (lifetime prevalence 45%) and attempts (lifetime prevalence 11%) as well as a high rate of problem drinking (33%) and depressive symptoms (32%) among MSM...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Keon West
Jamaica has developed an international reputation for severe anti-gay prejudice. However, in the past few years, between 2012 and 2015, intensified waves of activism have increased the visibility of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Jamaicans, and supported their social and legal inclusion in Jamaican society. This research investigated the effects of that activism by taking advantage of two large, representative surveys of Jamaicans' attitudes toward lesbians and gay men: one in 2012 and one in 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Sex Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"