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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161074/challenging-and-preventing-policies-that-prohibit-local-civil-rights-protections-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-people
#1
Jennifer L Pomeranz
Discrimination causes health inequities for stigmatized groups. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals, in particular, are at significantly increased risk for disparate health outcomes when they reside in states that fail to extend equal protections to them or that actively deprive equal rights to them. Several states and the federal government have proposed or enacted laws that permit residents to discriminate against LGBTQ individuals. One such law, Arkansas's Intrastate Commerce Improvement Act of 2015, preempts or prohibits local governments from enacting civil rights protections for LGBTQ individuals that are also lacking at the state level...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159312/perceived-parental-attitudes-of-gender-expansiveness-development-and-preliminary-factor-structure-of-a-self-report-youth-questionnaire
#2
Marco A Hidalgo, Diane Chen, Robert Garofalo, Catherine Forbes
Purpose: Parental acceptance of gender identity/expression in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ+) youth moderates the effects of minority stress on mental health outcomes. Given this association, mental health clinicians of gender-expansive adolescents often assess the degree to which these youth perceive their parents/primary caregivers as accepting or nonaffirming of their gender identity and expression. While existing measures may reliably assess youth's perceptions of general family support, no known tool aids in the assessment an adolescent's perceived parental support related to adolescent gender-expansive experiences...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154714/improving-measures-of-sexual-and-gender-identity-in-english-and-spanish-to-identify-lgbt-older-adults-in-surveys
#3
Stuart Michaels, Carolina Milesi, Michael Stern, Melissa Heim Viox, Heather Morrison, Paul Guerino, Christina Dragon, Samuel C Haffer
PURPOSE: The goal of this research is to advance the study of health disparities faced by older sexual and gender minorities by assessing comprehension of and improving measures of sexual and gender identity in surveys. METHODS: Cognitive interviews were conducted by expert interviewers with 48 non-lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (non-LGBT) and 9 LGBT older English and Spanish speakers. RESULTS: All respondents were able to answer questions about their sex assigned at birth and current gender identity successfully despite some cisgender respondents' lack of clear understanding of the transgender response option...
November 20, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154611/individual-and-systemic-barriers-to-health-care-perspectives-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-adults
#4
Meghan Romanelli, Kimberly D Hudson
Access to effective services is imperative to address the many health and mental health disparities that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people face. This population, however, remains underserved and often ill-served in health care environments. Furthermore, interactions between system- and individual-level dimensions of access create barriers to service engagement. Within much of the extant literature surrounding health care barriers among LGBT people, the rich narratives and varied experiences of LGBT community members from diverse backgrounds have often been excluded...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153445/prevalence-and-correlates-of-youth-homelessness-in-the-united-states
#5
Matthew H Morton, Amy Dworsky, Jennifer L Matjasko, Susanna R Curry, David Schlueter, Raúl Chávez, Anne F Farrell
PURPOSE: Unaccompanied youth homelessness is a serious concern. Response, however, has been constrained by the absence of credible data on the size and characteristics of the population and reliable means to track youth homelessness over time. We sought to address these gaps. METHODS: Using a nationally representative phone-based survey (N = 26,161), we solicited household and individual reports on different types of youth homelessness. We collected household reports on adolescents aged 13-17 and young adults aged 18-25, as well as self-reports from young adults aged 18-25...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144852/-not-a-real-family-microaggressions-directed-toward-lgbtq-families
#6
Kari M Haines, C Reyn Boyer, Casey Giovanazzi, M Paz Galupo
The present study investigates microaggressions toward individuals in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) families. Microaggressions are subtle forms of discrimination experienced on a daily basis as verbal or behavioral slights against individuals in oppressed groups. LGBTQ microaggressions are often studied at an individual level and understood as being directed toward an individual based on perceived identity. The present study allows for an understanding of bias directed at the family system level...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136170/corrigendum-the-social-determinants-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-suicidality-in-england-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130791/the-sexual-health-of-women-in-lebanon-are-there-differences-by-sexual-orientation
#8
Jessica D Gereige, Li Zhang, Ulrike Boehmer
PURPOSE: From studies conducted in Western countries (United States, United Kingdom, and Australia), we know that the sexual health of sexual minority women (SMW) differs in key ways from that of heterosexual women (HSW). To date, the sexual health of SMW living in the Middle East and North Africa region has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to compare the sexual health of SMW and HSW living in Lebanon. METHODS: SMW and HSW living in Lebanon (N = 95) completed an anonymous, self-administered survey...
November 13, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125522/sexual-identity-and-orientation-in-adult-men-and-women-with-spina-bifida
#9
Konrad M Szymanski, Devon J Hensel, John S Wiener, Benjamin Whittam, Mark P Cain, Rosalia Misseri
PURPOSE: Sexuality has received little attention in spina bifida (SB) care. The aim of this study was to assess sexual identity and orientation in adults with SB. METHODS: An international online survey to adults with SB was administered over 10-months (recruitment: SB clinics, SB organizations via social media). Collected data included demographics, sexual identity and orientation. Non-parametric tests were used for analysis. RESULTS: Median age of 77 men and 119 women was 35 years old (52...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120379/trait-rumination-predicts-elevated-evening-cortisol-in-sexual-and-gender-minority-young-adults
#10
Peggy M Zoccola, Andrew W Manigault, Wilson S Figueroa, Cari Hollenbeck, Anna Mendlein, Alex Woody, Katrina Hamilton, Matt Scanlin, Ryan C Johnson
Stress may contribute to illness through the impaired recovery or sustained activity of stress-responsive biological systems. Rumination, or mental rehearsal of past stressors, may alter the body's stress-responsive systems by amplifying and prolonging exposure to physiological mediators, such as cortisol. The primary aim of the current investigation was to test the extent to which the tendency to ruminate on stress predicts diminished diurnal cortisol recovery (i.e., elevated evening cortisol) in a sample of sexual and gender minority young adults...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119924/deaths-in-the-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-united-kingdom-communities-associated-with-ghb-and-precursors
#11
John M Corkery, Barbara Loi, Hugh Claridge, Christine Goodair, Fabrizio Schifano
Background Misuse of gammahydroxybutrate (GHB) and its prodrugs gammabutyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4 butanediol (1,4-BD) has increased greatly since the early 1990s, particularly amongst lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals in recreational and sexual settings, e.g. 'chemsex'. Objective and method This paper presents an overview of GHB pharmacotoxicology and provides analyses of cases in the LGBT population associated with use of these substances extracted from the UK's National Programme on Substance Abuse Deaths database, to which notification is voluntary...
November 8, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118229/sexual-and-gender-minority-issues-across-nccn-guidelines-results-from-a-national-survey
#12
Janella Hudson, Matthew B Schabath, Julian Sanchez, Steven Sutton, Vani N Simmons, Susan T Vadaparampil, Peter A Kanetsky, Gwendolyn P Quinn
Background: The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning (LGBTQ) population is at higher risk for multiple types of cancers compared with the heterosexual population. Expert NCCN panels lead the nation in establishing clinical practice guidelines addressing cancer prevention, early detection, and treatment of cancer sites and populations. Given the emergence of new data identifying cancer disparities in the LGBTQ population, this study examined the inclusion of medical and/or psychosocial criteria unique to LGBTQ within NCCN Guidelines...
November 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110270/development-and-implementation-of-a-residency-area-of-distinction-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-mental-health
#13
Weston S Fisher, Matthew E Hirschtritt, Ellen Haller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109564/discrepancies-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patient-care-and-how-pharmacists-can-support-an-evolved-practice
#14
Erin Maxwell, Stephanie Salch, Monique Boliko, Genevieve Anakwe-Charles
We live in an increasingly multicultural society with people from different ethnicities and beliefs. In recent years, we have witnessed a growing group of people who identify as having diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. Members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community have historically been marginalized by the health care industry. The disproportionate prevalence of LGBT health concerns and cultural prejudices may be overlooked by many practitioners. As pharmacists, we are in an optimal position to affect meaningful changes in how we treat, counsel, and interact with all our patients, including with those whose sexual orientation or gender identity differ from ours...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099666/plan-of-action-for-real-world-translation-of-lgbtq-health-and-aging-research
#15
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Glenise L McKenzie, Lisa Krinsky, Charles A Emlet
Despite accumulating evidence of health disparities, there exists limited translational research to enhance optimal health and aging of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer-identified (*) (LGBTQ) older adults. Based on the Health Equity Promotion Model that addresses the distinct needs and strengths of LGBTQ older adults, we underscore the important role of collaborations among researchers, practitioners, and communities to build community capacity. Given the rapidly shifting context, we advance principles to guide future work that will enhance translational research and the development of evidence-based practice so that LGBTQ older adults can reach their full health potential...
November 3, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072557/-gay-guys-are-shit-lovers-and-lesbians-are-obsessed-with-fingers-the-mis-representation-of-lgbtiq-people-in-thai-news-media
#16
Kangwan Fongkaew, Anoporn Khruataeng, Sumon Unsathit, Matawii Khamphiirathasana, Nisarat Jongwisan, Oranong Arlunaek, Jensen Byrne
This paper presents an analysis of news reports presenting information or opinions about Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Intersex and Queer (LGBTIQ) people taken from six Thai media outlets over a period of one year. The aim was to explore how LGBTIQ people are portrayed in news media narratives. LGBTIQ identities were found to be vastly underrepresented, and when represented were often represented inaccurately, stereotypically, harmfully or without a clear understanding of the diversity of sexual orientations, gender identities and gender expressions...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067876/australian-doctors-knowledge-of-and-compliance-with-the-law-relating-to-end-of-life-decisions-implications-for-lgbti-patients
#17
Colleen Cartwright, Ben White, Lindy Willmott, Malcolm Parker, Gail Williams
In most developed countries, competent patients have the legal right to refuse any medical treatment; Advance Care Planning mechanisms extend this right to non-competent patients. However, some groups, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people, risk their wishes not being respected if they lose capacity, more than others. Little is known about medical practitioners' knowledge of, or attitudes to, the law in this area, especially in relation to LGBTI people, or how the law influences their decision-making...
October 25, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049497/optimizing-the-clinical-care-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-older-adults
#18
Alexia M Torke, Jennifer L Carnahan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045707/the-social-determinants-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-suicidality-in-england-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
Background: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth have a higher risk of suicidality and self-harm than heterosexual youth populations but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. We aimed to investigate the social determinants of this mental health inequality. Methods: A two-stage sequential mixed method study was conducted. Firstly, 29 semi-structured interviews with LGBT youth (aged 13-25 years old) were completed. Data was analysed thematically...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043846/-gay-equals-white-racial-ethnic-and-sexual-identities-and-attitudes-toward-lgbt-individuals-among-college-students-at-a-bible-belt-university
#20
Meredith G F Worthen
While past research has certainly explored a variety of correlates of attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, the current study is among the first in an emerging line of inquiry that examines attitudes toward each of these groups separately utilizing an intersectional framework with special attention to racial, ethnic, and sexual identities. Using a college sample of students from the Bible Belt of the United States (N = 1,940), I investigated the roles of racial and ethnic identities (Caucasian/White, African American/Black, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American/Alaskan Native, other race, and Hispanic/Latinx), religiosity, patriarchal gender norms, parental perspectives, and the intersections among these identities and experiences as they relate to attitudes toward LGBT individuals among heterosexual (n = 1,551) and LGB respondents (n = 389)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
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