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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934669/lgbt-coverage-in-u-s-dental-schools-and-dental-hygiene-programs-results-of-a-national-survey
#1
Kenneth L Hillenburg, Carol A Murdoch-Kinch, Janet S Kinney, Henry Temple, Marita R Inglehart
The aims of this study were to assess curricular coverage of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) content in U.S. and Canadian dental schools and U.S. dental hygiene programs, including hours of LGBT content, pedagogy used, and assessment methods, and to determine whether respondents perceived their institution's coverage as adequate. Data were collected from academic deans at 32 U.S. and two Canadian dental schools and from program directors at 71 U.S. dental hygiene programs (response rates 49%, 20%, 23%, respectively)...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932634/a-narrative-review-of-the-literature-about-people-with-intellectual-disability-who-identify-as-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-intersex-or-questioning
#2
Nathan J Wilson, Jemima Macdonald, Brenda Hayman, Alexandra M Bright, Patsie Frawley, Gisselle Gallego
This narrative review of the research literature presents a summary about the key issues facing people with intellectual disability (ID) who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex or questioning (LGBTIQ). The aim of this review was to consolidate research of the topic; to identify whether any pilot studies reporting social/sexual/educational interventions had been published; and to offer some perspective on the type of future research required to better inform policy, practice and theory that may lead to better outcomes for people with ID who identify as LGBTIQ...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918871/promising-pedagogy-advancing-the-educational-experience-of-queer-students-through-transformative-leadership
#3
Thomas Zook
The school experience for queer youth is often quite different from that of their heterosexual and gender-conforming peers; yet, it is often the case that little attention is given to the disparate and inequitable educational and social conditions under which lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth must learn. In fact, the entirety of pedagogical structures in many schools creates milieus where queer youth, those who have loved ones who are queer, and those who are merely perceived to be queer are systematically marginalized and deprived of their right to a safe, supportive, and equitable educational experience...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911583/advancing-research-on-structural-stigma-and-sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mental-health-among-youth
#4
Mark L Hatzenbuehler
Psychological research on stigma has focused largely on the perceptions of stigmatized individuals and their interpersonal interactions with the nonstigmatized. This work has been critical in documenting many of the ways in which stigma operates to harm those who are targeted. However, this research has also tended to overlook broader structural forms of stigma, which refer to societal-level conditions, cultural norms, and institutional policies and practices that constrain the lives of the stigmatized. In this article I describe the emerging field of research on structural stigma and review evidence documenting the harmful consequences of structural stigma for the mental/behavioral health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889854/do-we-have-a-moral-responsibility-to-compensate-for-vulnerable-groups-a-discussion-on-the-right-to-health-for-lgbt-people
#5
Perihan Elif Ekmekci
Vulnerability is a broad concept widely addressed in recent scholarly literature. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people are among the vulnerable populations with significant disadvantages related to health and the social determinants of health. Medical ethics discourse tackles vulnerability from philosophical and political perspectives. LGBT people experience several disadvantages from both perspectives. This article aims to justify the right to health for LGBT people and their particular claims regarding healthcare because they belong to a vulnerable group...
November 26, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876454/will-the-global-hiv-response-fail-gay-and-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#6
George Ayala, Glenn-Milo Santos
INTRODUCTION: Gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men are among the small number of groups for whom HIV remains uncontrolled worldwide. Although there have been recent and notable decreases in HIV incidence across several countries, prevalence and incidence is consistently higher or rising among men who have sex with men when compared with other groups. METHODS: In 2014, MSMGF (the Global Forum on MSM & HIV) conducted its third biennial Global Men's Health and Rights Study, an international, multilingual, web-based cross-sectional survey of men who have sex with men recruited through online convenience sampling...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865343/introduction-to-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-health
#7
EDITORIAL
Stewart L Adelson, Nadia L Dowshen, Harvey J Makadon, Robert Garofalo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865342/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#8
EDITORIAL
Bonita F Stanton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865341/bullying-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#9
REVIEW
Valerie A Earnshaw, Laura M Bogart, V Paul Poteat, Sari L Reisner, Mark A Schuster
Bullying of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth is prevalent in the United States, and represents LGBT stigma when tied to sexual orientation and/or gender identity or expression. LGBT youth commonly report verbal, relational, and physical bullying, and damage to property. Bullying undermines the well-being of LGBT youth, with implications for risky health behaviors, poor mental health, and poor physical health that may last into adulthood. Pediatricians can play a vital role in preventing and identifying bullying, providing counseling to youth and their parents, and advocating for programs and policies to address LGBT bullying...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865340/stigma-and-minority-stress-as-social-determinants-of-health-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-research-evidence-and-clinical-implications
#10
REVIEW
Mark L Hatzenbuehler, John E Pachankis
In this article, we review theory and evidence on stigma and minority stress as social/structural determinants of health among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth. We discuss different forms of stigma at individual (eg, identity concealment), interpersonal (eg, victimization), and structural (eg, laws and social norms) levels, as well as the mechanisms linking stigma to adverse health outcomes among LGBT youth. Finally, we discuss clinical (eg, cognitive behavioral therapy) and public health (eg, antibullying policies) interventions that effectively target stigma-inducing mechanisms to improve the health of LGBT youth...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865339/development-and-mental-health-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-or-transgender-youth-in-pediatric-practice
#11
REVIEW
Stewart L Adelson, Oliver M Stroeh, Yiu Kee Warren Ng
Assessing, monitoring, and supporting children and adolescents' mental health are integral parts of comprehensive pediatric primary care. These are especially relevant for LGBT youth, who frequently experience unique stressors, often including having an identity different from family and peer expectations, whether to reveal it, and stigma like peer bullying, family rejection, social intolerance, and self nonacceptance. Pediatricians should know key mental health practice principles for LGBT youth, how to adapt these to various pediatric settings, the continuum of mental health interventions, and their local resources...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865338/caring-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-questioning-youth-in-inclusive-and-affirmative-environments
#12
REVIEW
Scott E Hadland, Baligh R Yehia, Harvey J Makadon
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and questioning (LGBTQ) youth may experience interpersonal and structural stigma within the health care environment. This article begins by reviewing special considerations for the care of LGBTQ youth, then turns to systems-level principles underlying inclusive and affirming care. It then examines specific strategies that individual providers can use to provide more patient-centered care, and concludes with a discussion of how clinics and health systems can tailor clinical services to the needs of LGBTQ youth...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865336/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-families
#13
REVIEW
Cecil R Webster, Cynthia J Telingator
Families headed by sexual minorities encounter unique barriers to care and health equity despite greater cultural acceptance and visibility. Empirical research suggests that children in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) families develop and function comparably to those from traditional families. In helping families, awareness of family structure is important. The health care provider should be familiar with family composition, and their community, social supports, race/ethnic concerns, financial issues, and other vulnerabilities...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865335/the-intersection-of-sociocultural-factors-and-health-related-behavior-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-experiences-among-young-black-gay-males-as-an-example
#14
REVIEW
Errol Fields, Anthony Morgan, Renata Arrington Sanders
Intersectionality suggests that multiple social identities intersect at the individual or micro level of experience and reflects larger social structural inequities experienced on the macro level. This article uses intersectionality to describe how multiple stigmatized social identities can create unique challenges for young black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). YBGBM exist at the intersection of multiple stigmatized identities compared with their majority peers. This article examines key intersecting identities and cultural expectations that exist in YBGBM and how those factors may predispose young men to adverse health outcomes and health inequality...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865334/body-image-and-eating-disorders-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#15
REVIEW
Zachary McClain, Rebecka Peebles
Adolescence is a crucial period for emerging sexual orientation and gender identity and also body image disturbance and disordered eating. Body image distortion and disordered eating are important pediatric problems affecting individuals along the sexual orientation and gender identity spectrum. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) youth are at risk for eating disorders and body dissatisfaction. Disordered eating in LGBT and gender variant youth may be associated with poorer quality of life and mental health outcomes...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865333/substance-abuse-prevention-assessment-and-treatment-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#16
REVIEW
Romulo Alcalde Aromin
Knowing how to manage substance abuse in all youth is an important aspect of pediatric care, including providing clinically appropriate anticipatory guidance, monitoring, assessment, and treatment. Although most lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth do not abuse substances, as a group they experience unique challenges in self-identity development that put them at an increased risk for substance abuse. This article addresses prevention and management of substance use in LGBT youth relevant to pediatrics and allied professions as an aspect of their overall health care...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865332/human-immunodeficiency-virus-other-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-youth
#17
REVIEW
Sarah M Wood, Caroline Salas-Humara, Nadia L Dowshen
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), and questioning youth represent a diverse population who are affected by many sexual health inequities, including increased risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). To provide comprehensive sexual health care for LGBT youth, providers should set the stage with a nonjudgmental, respectful tone. Providers should be competent in recognizing symptoms of STIs and HIV and aware of the most up-to-date screening guidelines for LGBT youth...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865331/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-and-family-acceptance
#18
REVIEW
Sabra L Katz-Wise, Margaret Rosario, Michael Tsappis
In this article, we address theories of attachment and parental acceptance and rejection, and their implications for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youths' identity and health. We also provide 2 clinical cases to illustrate the process of family acceptance of a transgender youth and a gender nonconforming youth who was neither a sexual minority nor transgender. Clinical implications of family acceptance and rejection of LGBT youth are discussed.
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862124/disordered-eating-behaviors-among-transgender-youth-probability-profiles-from-risk-and-protective-factors
#19
Ryan J Watson, Jaimie F Veale, Elizabeth M Saewyc
PURPOSE: Research has documented high rates of disordered eating for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth, but prevalence and patterns of disordered eating among transgender youth remain unexplored. This is despite unique challenges faced by this group, including gender-related body image and the use of hormones. We explore the relationship between disordered eating and risk and protective factors for transgender youth. METHODS: An online survey of 923 transgender youth (aged 14-25) across Canada was conducted, primarily using measures from existing youth health surveys...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845517/omitted-data-in-randomized-controlled-trials-for-anxiety-and-depression-a-systematic-review-of-the-inclusion-of-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity
#20
Nicholas C Heck, Lucas A Mirabito, Kelly LeMaire, Nicholas A Livingston, Annesa Flentje
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the frequency with which randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of behavioral and psychological interventions for anxiety and depression include data pertaining to participant sexual orientation and nonbinary gender identities. METHOD: Using systematic review methodology, the databases PubMed and PsycINFO were searched to identify RCTs published in 2004, 2009, and 2014. Random selections of 400 articles per database per year (2,400 articles in total) were considered for inclusion in the review...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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