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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918540/a-mixed-method-assessment-of-a-pilot-peer-advocate-intervention-for-rural-gender-and-sexual-minorities
#1
Cathleen E Willging, Audrey Harkness, Tania Israel, David Ley, Patricia S Hokanson, Catherine DeMaria, Aaron Joplin, Verida Smiley
Mental health disparities affect lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) people in rural America. There are few empirically-based mental health interventions for this population. This exploratory study uses a mixed-method approach to assess implementation issues related to the feasibility, acceptability, appropriateness, and preliminary impacts of a novel peer-based intervention designed to enhance support and treatment engagement among rural LGBTQ people with mental distress and/or addiction issues...
September 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914160/making-boundaries-great-again-essentialism-and-support-for-boundary-enhancing-initiatives
#2
Steven O Roberts, Arnold K Ho, Marjorie Rhodes, Susan A Gelman
Psychological essentialism entails a focus on category boundaries (e.g., categorizing people as men or women) and an increase in the conceptual distance between those boundaries (e.g., accentuating the differences between men and women). Across eight studies, we demonstrate that essentialism additionally entails an increase in support for boundary-enhancing legislation, policies, and social services, and that it does so under conditions that disadvantage social groups, as well as conditions that benefit them...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903647/intergroup-contact-and-social-change-implications-of-negative-and-positive-contact-for-collective-action-in-advantaged-and-disadvantaged-groups
#3
Nils Karl Reimer, Julia C Becker, Angelika Benz, Oliver Christ, Kristof Dhont, Ulrich Klocke, Sybille Neji, Magdalena Rychlowska, Katharina Schmid, Miles Hewstone
Previous research has shown that (a) positive intergroup contact with an advantaged group can discourage collective action among disadvantaged-group members and (b) positive intergroup contact can encourage advantaged-group members to take action on behalf of disadvantaged outgroups. Two studies investigated the effects of negative as well as positive intergroup contact. Study 1 ( n = 482) found that negative but not positive contact with heterosexual people was associated with sexual-minority students' engagement in collective action (via group identification and perceived discrimination)...
January 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902689/experiences-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability-who-identify-as-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-queer-or-questioning-intersex-or-asexual-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Vemel Ramasamy, Fiona Rillotta, June Alexander
The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, appraise and synthesize the best available qualitative evidence on the lived experiences of adults with intellectual disability who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning, intersex or asexual in mainstream society.
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891750/acceptability-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-a-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-affirmative-mental-health-practice-training-in-a-highly-stigmatizing-national-context
#5
Corina Lelutiu-Weinberger, John E Pachankis
PURPOSE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals in Romania encounter pervasive stigma and discrimination and there is a high need for LGBT-competent mental health professionals (MHPs). We tested the impact of a pilot LGBT-affirmative training for MHPs in Romania on these professionals' LGBT-relevant attitudes, knowledge, and perception of clinical skills. METHODS: We conducted a 2-day training for MHPs in Bucharest. Fifty-four attended and 33 provided training evaluation data at baseline and follow-up...
September 11, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888127/environmental-injustice-and-sexual-minority-health-disparities-a%C3%A2-national-study-of-inequitable-health-risks-from-air-pollution-among-same-sex-partners
#6
Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Danielle X Morales
Air pollution is deleterious to human health, and numerous studies have documented racial and socioeconomic inequities in air pollution exposures. Despite the marginalized status of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations, no national studies have examined if they experience inequitable exposures to air pollution. This cross-sectional study investigated inequities in the exposure of same-sex partner households to hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) in the US. We examined cancer and respiratory risks from HAPs across 71,207 census tracts using National Air Toxics Assessment and US Census data...
September 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866791/comparing-perceived-effectiveness-of-fda-proposed-cigarette-packaging-graphic-health-warnings-between-sexual-and-gender-minorities-and-heterosexual-adults
#7
Andy S L Tan, Cabral A Bigman, Rebekah H Nagler, Sara Minsky, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration proposed nine graphic health warnings (GHWs) on cigarette packaging that were rated equally effective across racial/ethnic, education, or income groups of adult smokers. However, data on GHW effectiveness among sexual and gender minority (SGM) adults, who have higher smoking prevalence, are currently lacking. This study analyzed whether perceived effectiveness of GHWs differed by gender and sexual orientation. METHODS: Data came from a randomized experiment among 1,200 adults with an oversample from low socioeconomic status groups, conducted between 2013 and 2014 in three Massachusetts communities...
September 2, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853327/medical-students-perception-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-discrimination-in-their-learning-environment-and-their-self-reported-comfort-level-for-caring-for-lgbt-patients-a-survey-study
#8
Nassr Nama, Paul MacPherson, Margaret Sampson, Hugh J McMillan
BACKGROUND: Historically, medical students who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgendered (LGBT) report higher rates of social stress, depression, and anxiety, while LGBT patients have reported discrimination and poorer access to healthcare. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess if medical students have perceived discrimination in their learning environment and; (2) to determine self-reported comfort level for caring for LGBT patients. DESIGN: Medical students at the University of Ottawa (N = 671) were contacted via email and invited to complete a confidential web-based survey...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851332/validation-of-bengali-perceived-stress-scale-among-lgbt-population
#9
Muhammad Kamruzzaman Mozumder
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) population encounter more stressful life circumstances compared to general population. Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) can be a useful tool for measuring their stress. However, psychometric properties of PSS have never been tested on LGBT population. METHODS: This cross sectional study employed a two-stage sampling strategy to collect data from 296 LGBT participants from six divisional districts of Bangladesh...
August 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842389/usability-of-a-culturally-informed-mhealth-intervention-for-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-feedback-from-young-sexual-minority-men
#10
John B Fleming, Yvette N Hill, Michelle Nicole Burns
BACKGROUND: To date, we are aware of no interventions for anxiety and depression developed as mobile phone apps and tailored to young sexual minority men, a group especially at risk of anxiety and depression. We developed TODAY!, a culturally informed mobile phone intervention for young men who are attracted to men and who have clinically significant symptoms of anxiety or depression. The core of the intervention consists of daily psychoeducation informed by transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and a set of tools to facilitate putting these concepts into action, with regular mood ratings that result in tailored feedback (eg, tips for current distress and visualizations of mood by context)...
August 25, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842070/abstinence-only-until-marriage-policies-and-programs-an-updated-position-paper-of-the-society-for-adolescent-health-and%C3%A2-medicine
#11
(no author information available yet)
Abstinence from sexual intercourse can be a healthy choice for adolescents, particularly if an adolescent is not ready to engage in sex. However, government programs exclusively promoting abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) are problematic from scientific and ethical viewpoints. Most young people initiate sexual intercourse as adolescents or young adults, and given a rising age at first marriage around the globe, increasingly fewer adolescents wait until marriage to initiate sex. While theoretically fully protective, abstinence intentions often fail, as abstinence is not maintained...
September 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833252/the-role-of-alcohol-in-identity-construction-among-lgbt-people-a-qualitative-study
#12
Carol Emslie, Jemma Lennox, Lana Ireland
Research suggests that alcohol use and misuse are higher among lesbian, gay and bisexual than heterosexual populations, yet the social context of drinking in sexual minority communities has rarely been examined. To explore lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people's relationship with alcohol, we conducted seven focus groups (N = 33) with pre-existing groups of friends and work colleagues (18 to 52 years) in Scotland, UK. We identified and analysed patterns in our data using thematic analysis. Respondents perceived heavy drinking as central to the commercial gay scene...
August 19, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830333/providing-culturally-competent-care-for-lgbtq-youth-in-school-based-health-centers-a-needs-assessment-to-guide-quality-of-care-improvements
#13
Samantha Garbers, Craig J Heck, Melanie A Gold, John S Santelli, Melina Bersamin
School-based health centers (SBHCs) can take specific steps to provide culturally competent care for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth, potentially impacting well-being. A needs assessment survey was conducted among a convenience sample of SBHC administrators and medical directors to assess climates and actions supportive of LGBTQ quality medical care. Half (53%) of the SBHCs surveyed ( N = 66) reviewed print materials for negative LGBTQ stereotypes, and 27.3% conducted exhaustive materials review...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820347/association-between-eye-diagnosis-and-positive-syphilis-test-results-in-a-large-urban-sexually-transmitted-infection-primary-care-clinic-population
#14
Ann-Marie Lobo, Yan Gao, Laura Rusie, Magda Houlberg, Supriya D Mehta
In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) released clinical advisories on rising cases of ocular syphilis. We examined the association between eye disease and syphilis infection among primary care and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic patients attending an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) health center. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of all patients who underwent syphilis testing at Howard Brown Health between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810807/exploratory-analyses-of-risk-behaviors-among-glbt-youth-attending-a-drop-in-center
#15
J Michael Wilkerson, Sylvia M Lawler, Kim A Romijnders, Amber B Armstead, Jessica Bauldry
This exploratory study examines measures of one drop-in center's efforts to improve health outcomes of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (GLBT) youth by facilitating out-group secondary social ties. Hatch Youth, located in Houston, Texas, aims to increase self-esteem and decrease negative health outcomes by encouraging GLBT youth to be part of Houston's greater GLBT community. Survey data ( N = 614) collected between October 2003 and April 2013 were entered into logistic regression models. Attending Hatch Youth for 6 or more months was associated with having a social group outside of school (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810414/body-image-and-sexual-orientation-the-experiences-of-lesbian-and-bisexual-women
#16
Marie L Smith, Elina Telford, Jeremy J Tree
Western cultures promote a thin and curvaceous ideal body size that most women find difficult to achieve by healthy measures, resulting in poor body image and increased risk for eating pathology. Research focusing on body image in lesbian and bisexual women has yielded inconsistent results. In total, 11 lesbian and bisexual women were interviewed regarding their experiences with body image. Interpretative phenomenological analysis revealed that these women experienced similar mainstream pressures to conform to a thin body ideal...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806370/will-veterans-answer-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-questions
#17
Mollie A Ruben, John R Blosnich, Melissa E Dichter, Lorry Luscri, Jillian C Shipherd
BACKGROUND: The Veterans Health Administration does not routinely collect and document sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) data, despite existing health disparities among sexual and gender minority Veterans. Because of the legacy of previous Department of Defense (DoD) policies that prohibited disclosure of sexual or gender minority identities among active duty personnel, Veterans may be reluctant to respond to SOGI questions. OBJECTIVES: This population-based study assesses item nonresponse to SOGI questions by Veteran status...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806361/health-disparities-in-veterans-a-map-of-the-evidence
#18
Karli Kondo, Allison Low, Teresa Everson, Christine D Gordon, Stephanie Veazie, Crystal C Lozier, Michele Freeman, Makalapua Motu'apuaka, Aaron Mendelson, Mark Friesen, Robin Paynter, Caroline Friesen, Johanna Anderson, Erin Boundy, Somnath Saha, Ana Quiñones, Devan Kansagara
BACKGROUND: Goals for improving the quality of care for all Veterans and eliminating health disparities are outlined in the Veterans Health Administration Blueprint for Excellence, but the degree to which disparities in utilization, health outcomes, and quality of care affect Veterans is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the research on health care disparities in the Veterans Health Administration by means of a map of the evidence. RESEARCH DESIGN: We conducted a systematic search for research studies published from 2006 to February 2016 in MEDLINE and other data sources...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805508/corrigendum-to-effectiveness-of-a-multidimensional-web-based-intervention-program-to-change-brazilian-health-practitioners-attitudes-toward-the-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-population
#19
Angelo Brandelli Costa, Paola Fagundes Pase, Eric Seger de Camargo, Camila Guaranha, Adriano Henrique Caetano, Daniel Kveller, Heitor Thomé da Rosa Filho, Ramiro Figueiredo Catelan, Silvia Helena Koller, Henrique Caetano Nardi
Corrigendum to: J Health Psychol DOI 10.1177/1359105316628748 Unfortunately, the online published article has an error in one of the analyses. On page 365, fifth paragraph, the corrected statistical report is (Δ 1.66, 95% CI [3.32, .01], t (305) = -1.98, p<.05), not (Δ 1.66, 95% CI [3.32, .01], t (305) = -1.66, p <.05). In spite of this correction, there is no change in the direction of the test and therefore in the interpretation of this result.
June 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805403/where-s-the-lgbt-in-integrated-care-research-a-systematic-review
#20
Rachel L Hughes, Catherine Damin, Katie Heiden-Rootes
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals experience more negative health outcomes compared with their heterosexual peers. The health disparities are often related to family and social rejection of the LGBT individuals. Integrated care, and Medical Family Therapy in particular, may aid in addressing the systemic nature of the negative health outcomes. METHOD: To better understand the current state of the integrated care literature on addressing the health needs of LGBT individuals, a systematic review of the research literature was conducted from January 2000 to January 2016 for articles including integrated health care interventions for LGBT populations...
August 14, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
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