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Children fever anemia diagnostic

Michael Gottlieb, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is potentially deadly and can present subtly with signs and symptoms overlapping with other clinical conditions. Delayed diagnosis can be fatal. OBJECTIVE: This review provides an evidence-based summary of the current data for the evaluation and management of RMSF in the emergency department. DISCUSSION: RMSF occurs through transmission of Rickettsia rickettsii by an infected tick. Exposure in the United States occurs most commonly from April to September, and high-risk locations include wooded, shrubby, or grassy areas...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Emoke Horvath, Horea Gozar, Mihaela Ioana Chinceşan
RATIONALE: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma remains an unpredictable condition in pediatric patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: Our first case describes an 8-year-old boy with a history of iron deficiency anemia, admitted in our clinic for recurrent abdominal pain, weight loss, loss of appetite, diarrheic stools, and fever. The second case also describes an 8-year-old boy admitted for abdominal pain and vomiting. The 3rd case refers to a 4 years and 10 months old boy admitted in our clinic with abdominal pain and loss of appetite, who was initially admitted in the Pediatrics Surgery Clinic with the suspicion of appendicitis...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jyotindra Narayan Goswami, Pankaj C Vaidya, Arushi Gahlot Saini, Dipankar De, Bishan Dass Radotra, Pratibha D Singhi
Goswami JN, Vaidya PC, Saini AG, De D, Radotra BD, Singhi PD. Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms in a child on multiple antiepileptics. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 197-199. Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is an adverse drug-reaction that may mimic systemic illnesses and have a fulminant presentation. We describe an 8-year-old girl with epilepsy and exposure to multiple anti-epileptics who presented with fever, extensive maculopapular rash, cervical lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, progressive anemia and transaminitis...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Panagiotis Krepis, Adamantia Krepi, Ioanna Argyri, Anastasios Aggelis, Alexandra Soldatou, Vasiliki Papaevangelou, Maria Tsolia
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) remains a public health issue in Greece. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of pediatric VL in our region as well as to evaluate the laboratory findings and the diagnostic techniques that are applied. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all children diagnosed with VL in an 11-year period at a tertiary public hospital in the region of Athens. Demographic features, clinical information and laboratory findings were accessed...
May 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Taha Moussa, Venkatraman Bhat, Vishwanatha Kini, Basil M Fathalla
AIM: We aim to report the clinical manifestations, genetic testing results, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and biologics used in the management of non-bacterial osteomyelitis in our center. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records. A previously proposed classification was implemented as follows: chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNBO) and acute non-bacterial osteomyelitis. RESULTS: Four females and three males with a median age at presentation of 6 years (6 months-14 years) presented with arthralgia (7/7), back pain (4/7), arthritis (4/7) and bone pain (2/7)...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Kriti Mohan
BACKGROUND: Malaria is an important cause of death and illness in children worldwide. Most cases of neonatal malaria are misdiagnosed because of the lack of specific symptoms and a general lack of awareness. Nothing much is known in literature about the haematological changes during malaria infection and outcome of disease in neonates. Neonatal malaria is an underdiagnosed entity. So this hospital based observational study aims to assess diagnostic features of neonatal malaria. METHODS: From August 2004 to August 2013, information of all slide positive for malaria cases aged 0 to 28 days admitted to our pediatric hospital was collected and analysed...
October 20, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
Dinesh Kumar Narayanasamy, Arul Kumaran Arunagirinathan, Revathi Krishna Kumar, V D Raghavendran
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical and laboratory profile of pediatric scrub typhus in rural south India. METHODS: This is a descriptive study of the clinical and laboratory features of 117 children with IgM ELISA proven scrub typhus out of 448 children, who were admitted in the Pediatric ward of a tertiary care hospital, during the study period of November 2014 through March 2015. RESULTS: Fever was present in all 117 children, with mean duration of fever at admission as 9 d...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Sarah G Staedke, Catherine Maiteki-Sebuguzi, Deborah D DiLiberto, Emily L Webb, Levi Mugenyi, Edith Mbabazi, Samuel Gonahasa, Simon P Kigozi, Barbara A Willey, Grant Dorsey, Moses R Kamya, Clare I R Chandler
Optimizing quality of care for malaria and other febrile illnesses is a complex challenge of major public health importance. To evaluate the impact of an intervention aiming to improve malaria case management on the health of community children, a cluster-randomized trial was conducted from 2010-2013 in Tororo, Uganda, where malaria transmission is high. Twenty public health centers were included; 10 were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to intervention or control. Households within 2 km of health centers provided the sampling frame for the evaluation...
August 3, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Wakgari Deressa, Eskindir Loha, Meshesha Balkew, Alemayehu Hailu, Taye Gari, Oljira Kenea, Hans J Overgaard, Teshome Gebremichael, Bjarne Robberstad, Bernt Lindtjørn
BACKGROUND: Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) are the main malaria prevention interventions in Ethiopia. There is conflicting evidence that the combined application of both interventions is better than either LLINs or IRS used alone. This trial aims to investigate whether the combination of LLINs (PermaNet 2.0, Vestergaard Frandsen, Lausanne, Switzerland) with IRS using propoxur will enhance the protective benefits and cost-effectiveness of the interventions against malaria and its effect on mosquito behavior, as compared to each intervention alone...
January 12, 2016: Trials
Deepak Sharma, Sweta Shastri, Aakash Pandita, Pradeep Sharma
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare disorder in children characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) and thrombocytopenia. The classic Moschcowitz Pentads of TTP include hemolytic anemia, with fragmentation of erythrocytes, thrombocytopenia, diffuse and non-focal neurologic findings, decrease renal function and fever. We report a newborn who was diagnosed with congenital TTP. The newborn was admitted at age of 40 h, in our hospital, in view of respiratory distress with impending respiratory failure and red colored urine...
2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
N M Khodzhaeva, A M Baranova
The complications of tropical malaria were noted in 25 (9.4%) of 196 pediatric patients followed up. These included cerebral malaria in 8 (3%), severe hemolytic anemia in 15 (5.7%), hemoglobinuric fever in 1 (0.37%), and malarial hepatitis in 1 (0.37%). The occurrence of complications was associated with the late referral of patients to a health care facility and untimely treatment, as well as with preliminary misdiagnoses (acute respiratory viral infection, typhoid-parathyphoid fever, meningitis, acute enteric infection, viral hepatitis, sepsis)...
July 2013: Meditsinskaia Parazitologiia i Parazitarnye Bolezni
Yariv Fruchtman, Renana Wilkof Segev, Avivit Asher Golan, Yael Dalem, Muhammad Abu Tailakh, Victor Novak, Nehama Peled, Mihai Craiu, Eugene Leibovitz
BACKGROUND: Data on the various aspects of brucellosis in children living in southern Israel are missing. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to study the epidemiological, microbiological, diagnostic, clinical, therapeutic and outcome features of brucellosis in children <19 years of age in southern Israel during 2005-2011. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population included all patients hospitalized with a diagnosis of brucellosis, established according to a clinical presentation compatible with brucellosis+presence of Brucella bacteremia (BB)...
March 2015: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Piera Dones, Maria Di Gangi, Maria Concetta Failla, Selene Genova, Caterina Giannitto, Giovanni Corsello, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
BACKGROUND: Relatively common in adults, intestinal tuberculosis is considered rare in children and adolescents. The protean manifestations of intestinal tuberculosis mean that the diagnosis is often delayed (sometimes even for years), thus leading to increased mortality and unnecessary surgery. The main diagnostic dilemma is to differentiate intestinal tuberculosis and Crohn's disease because a misdiagnosis can have dramatic consequences. CASE PRESENTATION: A 13-year-old Caucasian, Italian female adolescent attended the Emergency Department complaining of abdominal pain, a fever of up to 38 °C, night sweats, diarrhea with blood in stool, and a weight loss of about three kilograms over the previous two months...
October 27, 2014: BMC Research Notes
Pragathesh Palaniappan, Arul Premanand Lionel, Indira Agarwal, Sarah Mathai, Leni Mathew, Sanwar Agarwal, Purva Keni, Raju Khubchandani, Sathish Kumar
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) very rarely present simultaneously and pose a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma to the physician. Prompt diagnosis and management with plasma exchange and immunosuppression is life-saving. To describe the effectiveness of cryosupernatant and steroids in pediatric SLE with TTP. We describe three children aged 12-14 years with SLE who were diagnosed with TTP based on fever, CNS manifestations, ANA, anti-dsDNA, anti-sm positivity, hypocomplementemia, and microangiopathic anemia with thrombocytopenia...
September 2014: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Ninna Brix, Steen Rosthøj
INTRODUCTION: Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in children may have atypical presentations causing diagnostic delay. Guidelines for prompt referral have been published. The utility of the specified criteria is unknown. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Symptoms, signs and laboratory findings at the time of diagnosis were reviewed in a consecutive series of 100 children with ALL in order to determine the frequency of atypical features and to evaluate the Danish referral guideline...
August 2014: Danish Medical Journal
Bashar Sami Shihabuddin, Catherine Ann Scarfi
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is the most common cause of mortality in sickle cell disease (SCD). Empiric antibiotic administration after obtaining blood cultures in febrile children with SCD has been a standard practice parameter. OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to calculate the rate of bacteremia in febrile pediatric patients with SCD. Our secondary objective was to establish whether vital signs or diagnostics predict bacteremia in these patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients with SCD who presented to an urban pediatric emergency department in Newark, NJ between January 1, 2001 and June 30, 2011 with the chief complaint of fever...
October 2014: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Stephanie N Slemp, Suzanne M Davisson, Jayanna Slayten, Douglas A Cipkala, Dan A Waxman
Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria (PCH) is an acquired hemolytic anemia caused by immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies that sensitize red blood cells (RBCs) at cold temperatures by fixing complement to the RBCs causing intravascular hemolysis on rewarming. PCH usually appears in young children as recurrent high fevers, chills, and passage of red-brown urine. The diagnostic test for PCH is the Donath-Landsteiner test, an in vitro assay for biphasic hemolysis. Herein, we present 2 cases of PCH that occurred within 12 months of each other...
2014: Laboratory Medicine
Joseph K Choge, Ng'wena G Magak, Willis Akhwale, Julius Koech, Moses M Ngeiywa, Elijah Oyoo-Okoth, Fabian Esamai, Odipo Osano, Christopher Khayeka-Wandabwa, Eliningaya J Kweka
BACKGROUND: The commonly accepted gold standard diagnostic method for detecting malaria is a microscopic reading of Giemsa-stained blood films. However, symptomatic diagnosis remains the basis of therapeutic care for the majority of febrile patients in malaria endemic areas. This study aims to compare the discrepancy in malaria and anaemia burdens between symptomatic diagnosed patients with those diagnosed through the laboratory. METHODS: Data were collected from Western Kenya during a follow-up study of 887 children with suspected cases of malaria visiting the health facilities...
2014: BMC Public Health
T Malla, K K Malla, A Thapalial, C Shaw
Objective: To evaluate the clinical and laboratory properties, to see the response to therapy, incidence of antimicrobial resistance and complications of Enteric Fever in children. Methods: This is a retrospective study of 82 cases of enteric fever admitted in department of pediatrics, Manipal Teaching hospital, Pokhara, Nepal .Study period was six years from (Jan 2000 to Dec 2005). Results: Total of 82 cases of Salmonella infections were admitted .There were 50 (60%) males and 32 (40%) females. Most of the patients were above the age of five...
April 2007: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
D Parra, Y Mekki, I Durieu, C Broussolle, P Sève
PURPOSE: Parvovirus B19 causes erythema infectiosum in children, transient aplastic anemia in patients with hemoglobinopathies, pur red cell aplasia in immunocompromised persons and hydrops fetalis in pregnancy. The spectrum of clinical and biological manifestations in immunocompetent adult continues to grow up. METHODS: We report on a case series of 26 patients with primary parvovirus B19 infection in immunocompetent adults. This is a retrospective study over the period 2000 to 2010 in two departments of internal medecine...
May 2014: La Revue de Médecine Interne
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