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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749561/trends-in-prevalence-of-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-inactivity-results-from-australian-national-health-surveys-1989-to-2011
#1
Josephine Chau, Tien Chey, Sarah Burks-Young, Lina Engelen, Adrian Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in leisure time physical activity and inactivity in Australians aged 15 years or older from 1989 to 2011. METHOD: We used data from six Australian National Health Surveys conducted from 1989/90 to 2011/12 in which physical activity was assessed using comparable questions. Analyses examined trends in the prevalence of sufficient physical activity (≥150 minutes/week moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) and of inactivity (<30 minutes/week moderate-to-vigorous physical activity)...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749173/assessment-of-sacroiliitis-for-the-diagnosis-of-spondyloarthropathy-fat-saturated-t2-weighted-imaging-with-stir-versus-fat-saturated-contrast-enhanced-t1-weighted-imaging
#2
Siyoun Sung, Hyun Su Kim, Jong Won Kwon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether there is significant differences between contrastenhanced fat-saturated T1-weighted imaging and non-enhanced fat-suppression imaging for diagnosing sacroiliitis in patients with inflammatory back pain. METHODS: Ninety-two patients, consisting of 46 men and 46 women (mean age: 34 years; range: 15-63 years), who met at least four out of five Assessment in SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) criteria for inflammatory low back pain were enrolled in this study...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749158/a-wait-list-controlled-study-of-a-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-intermittent-explosive-disorder-in-timor-leste
#3
Kalhari Hewage, Zachary Steel, Mohammed Mohsin, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Jose Carlos De Oliveira, Marcio Da Piedade, Natalino Tam, Derrick Silove
We tested a trauma-focused, cognitive-behavior therapy treatment (TF-CBT-anger) for intermittent explosive disorder (IED) and related dimensions of anger adapted to the local culture in postconflict Timor-Leste. The intention-to-treat sample (n = 78) comprised Timorese nationals (women = 49; men = 29), ages 18 years and older, meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) criteria for IED, with equal numbers (n = 39 each) being randomized to the treatment group (TG) and wait-list (WL)...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749017/large-institutional-variations-in-androgen-deprivation-therapy-utilization-with-definitive-radiotherapy-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-men-with-intermediate-and-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#4
Wee Loon Ong, Farshad Foroudi, Sue Evans, Jeremy Millar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pattern of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) utilization with definitive radiotherapy (RT) in men with prostate cancer (CaP) in a population-based study in Australia PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective cohort of men with intermediate and high-risk CaP captured in the population-based Prostate Cancer Outcome Registry Victoria (PCOR-Vic) treated with definitive prostate RT between January 2010 and December 2015. The primary outcome of interest is ADT utilization...
July 27, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748994/-intravenous-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-four-years%C3%A2-experience-in-a-chilean-public-hospital
#5
Álvaro Soto V, Gladys Morales I, Marcela Grandjean B, Débora Pollak W, Carolina Del Castillo C, Pía García F, Alexis Von Johnn A, Alfonso Riquelme G
BACKGROUND: Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) with alteplase (tissue plasminogen activator) is the standard pharmacological treatment in acute ischemic stroke (AIS), reducing disability in patients. AIM: To report the results a thrombolysis protocol during four years in a regional public hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 106 consecutive patients aged 68 ± 13 years (57% men) who were treated with IVT, from May 2012 until April 2016, was analyzed...
April 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748971/follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-of-the-head-and-neck-literature-review-and-report-of-the-tonsil-occurrence-in-a-ugandan-patient
#6
I Pecorella, T R Okello, G Ciardi, E Ochola, M D Ogwang
We report a case of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) in a 60-year-old Ugandan female who presented with a 6-year history of a progressive left sided tonsillary mass. General systemic examination was unrevealing and the patient underwent left tonsillectomy. She was subsequently lost to follow-up. Grossly, the mass measured 6 cm in diameter and had a mottled appearance due to tissue microhaemorrhages. Markers specific for follicular dendritic cell differentiation (CD21, CD35 and CD23), p53 and EGFR were expressed on immunohistochemical analysis...
June 2017: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748881/predictive-factors-of-mortality-in-a-tunisian-cohort-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#7
Amel Harzallah, Hayet Kaaroud, Mariem Hajji, Ikram Mami, Rim Goucha, Fethi Ben Hamida, Samia Barbouch, Taieb Ben Abdallah
Mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has decreased with the advent of immunosuppressive therapy and the development of hemodialysis. This study aims to evaluate the survival rate, factors of poor prognosis, and causes of death in SLE in a Tunisian series. The records of all SLE patients followed up in a single center during 1974-2014 were reviewed. The causes of death were identified. Prognostic factors of survival were analyzed by multivariate analysis using the comparison of the survival rates by the log-rank test...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748848/nine-hole-peg-test-and-ten-meter-walk-test-for-evaluating-functional-loss-in-chinese-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#8
Hui-Xia Niu, Rui-Hao Wang, Hong-Liang Xu, Bo Song, Jing Yang, Chang-He Shi, Yu-Sheng Li, Bing-Qian Zhang, Shao-Ping Wang, Quan Yong, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Yu-Ming Xu
BACKGROUND: The 9-hole peg test (9-HPT) and 10-meter walk test (10-MWT) are commonly used to test finger motor function and walking ability. The aim of this present study was to investigate the efficacy of these tests for evaluating functional loss in Chinese Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. METHODS: Thirty-four Chinese CMT patients (CMT group) from August 2015 to December 2016 were evaluated with 9-HPT, 10-MWT, CMT disease examination score, overall neuropathy limitation scale (ONLS), functional disability score, and Berg Balance Scale (BBS)...
August 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748841/prevalence-of-igg-antibodies-for-the-west-nile-virus-in-human-population-in-tripoli-libya
#9
Taher Shaibi, Walid K Saadawi, H Aghila, Badereddin B Annajar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: West Nile fever (WNF) is a mosquito-borne viral infection, circulated in natural cycles between birds and mosquitoes, particularly Culex species. It is transmitted to humans through mosquito bites, and causes a variety of clinical outcomes, ranging from asymptomatic or mild febrile illness to severe men in go encepha- litis with some fatalities observed in older or immunocompromised patients. West Nile virus (WNV) transmission is considerably influenced by environmental conditions; and abundance of avifauna and mosquitoes...
April 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748709/aging-perceptions-in-older-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-portugal-a-qualitative-study
#10
Henrique Pereira, Juan Pedro Serrano, Brian de Vries, Graça Esgalhado, Rosa Marina Afonso, Samuel Monteiro
Aims and Objectives The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions toward aging among Portuguese gay and bisexual men over 60 years old. Background Despite the growth of the older population, and the increased visibility and acceptance of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people in Western countries, the experience of aging in older gay and bisexual men is only beginning to be understood. Design We used a qualitative research methodology, based on critical gerontology, for establishing research questions and to identify the perspectives on the aging process in older gay and bisexual individuals...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748570/lichen-planopilaris-in-a-latin-american-chilean-population-demographics-clinical-profile-and-treatment-experience
#11
F Mardones, J Shapiro
BACKGROUND: Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is characterized by lymphocytic infiltrate, fibrosis and potential destruction of the hair follicle. Demographic and clinical studies in LPP are limited, and racial differences have not been thoroughly investigated. AIM: To analyse epidemiological data and clinical profiles of Chilean adults with LPP, and report on the treatments used. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of medical records and clinical follow-up of Chilean adults with a clinical and histopathological diagnosis of LPP...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748345/educational-inequality-in-cancer-mortality-a-record-linkage-study-of-over-35-million-italians
#12
Gianfranco Alicandro, Luisa Frova, Gabriella Sebastiani, Iman El Sayed, Paolo Boffetta, Carlo La Vecchia
PURPOSE: Large studies are needed to evaluate socioeconomic inequality for site-specific cancer mortality. We conducted a longitudinal census-based national study to quantify the relative inequality in cancer mortality among educational levels in Italy. METHODS: We linked the 2011 Italian census with the 2012 and 2013 death registries. Educational inequality in overall cancer and site-specific cancer mortality were evaluated by computing the mortality rate ratio (MRR)...
July 26, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748315/interferon-alpha-treatment-for-disease-control-in-metastatic-pheochromocytoma-paraganglioma-patients
#13
Julien Hadoux, Marie Terroir, Sophie Leboulleux, Frederic Deschamps, Abir Al Ghuzlan, Ségolène Hescot, Lambros Tselikas, Isabelle Borget, Caroline Caramella, Desirée Déandréis, Diane Goere, Thierry De Baere, Martin Schlumberger, Eric Baudin
Interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) is recommended in neuroendocrine tumors (NET). Malignant pheochromocytoma and paragangliomas (MPPGLs) constitute a rare subgroup of NET with few treatment options. IFN-alpha efficacy in patients with MPPGLs was evaluated in a single-center retrospective study. Progression-free survival (PFS) was the primary endpoint according to RECIST 1.1 and/or PERCIST 1.0, and response rate, safety, and symptomatic efficacy were secondary endpoints. Fourteen patients received peginterferon alfa-2a (90 to 180 μg/week) or interferon alfa-2b (1...
July 26, 2017: Hormones & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748291/predictors-of-outcomes-after-arthroscopic-transosseous-equivalent-rotator-cuff-repair-in-155-cases-a-propensity-score-weighted-analysis-of-knotted-and-knotless-self-reinforcing-repair-techniques-at-a-minimum-of-2%C3%A2-years
#14
Peter J Millett, Chris Espinoza, Marilee P Horan, Charles P Ho, Ryan J Warth, Grant J Dornan, J Christoph Katthagen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of two commonly used transosseous-equivalent (TOE) arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (RCR) techniques for full-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears (FTST) using a robust multi-predictor model. METHODS: 155 shoulders in 151 patients (109 men, 42 women; mean age 59 ± 10 years) who underwent arthroscopic RCR of FTST, using either a knotted suture bridging (KSB) or a knotless tape bridging (KTB) TOE technique were included. ASES and SF-12 PCS scores assessed at a minimum of 2 years postoperatively were modeled using propensity score weighting in a multiple linear regression model...
July 26, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748275/head-trauma-and-parkinson-s-disease-results-from-an-italian-case-control-study
#15
Alessandra Nicoletti, Rosario Vasta, Giovanni Mostile, Giuseppe Nicoletti, Gennarina Arabia, Giovanni Iliceto, Paolo Lamberti, Roberto Marconi, Letterio Morgante, Paolo Barone, Aldo Quattrone, Mario Zappia
We evaluated the possible association between head trauma and Parkinson's disease (PD). The FRAGAMP (Fattori di Rischio Ambientali e Genetici Associati alla Malattia di Parkinson) study is a large Italian multicenter case-control study carried out to evaluate the possible role of environmental and genetic factors in PD. Cases and controls were enrolled from six movement disorders centers located in the Central-Southern Italy. A standardized questionnaire was administered to record demographic, epidemiological, and clinical data...
July 26, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747999/human-immunodeficiency-virus-care-cascade-among-sub-populations-in-rakai-uganda-an-observational-study
#16
Veena G Billioux, Larry W Chang, Steven J Reynolds, Gertrude Nakigozi, Joseph Ssekasanvu, Mary K Grabowski, Robert Ssekubugu, Fred Nalugoda, Godfrey Kigozi, Joseph Kagaayi, David Serwadda, Ronald H Gray, Maria J Wawer
Introduction: To assess progress towards the UNAIDS 90-90-90 initiative targets, we examined the HIV care cascade in the population-based Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS) in rural Uganda and examined differences between sub-groups. Methods: Self-reports and clinical records were used to assess the proportion achieving each stage in the cascade. Statistical inference based on a χ(2) test for categorical variables and modified Poisson regression were used to estimate prevalence risk ratios (PRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for enrolment into care and initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747944/impact-of-post-hospital-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-after-surgical-treatment-for-coronary-artery-disease
#17
Józefa Dąbek, Ewelina Pyka, Joanna Piotrkowicz, Krystian Stachoń, Grażyna Bonek-Wytrych
INTRODUCTION: The quality of life of cardiovascular patients is worse than that of healthy individuals. Pain, dyspnea, and fatigue impair daily activities, which in turn leads to decreased life satisfaction and emotional deterioration. The objective of comprehensive treatment, including early rehabilitation, is to reduce the risk of complications, progression, and recurrence of the disease, as well as to restore, maintain, or improve all aspects of the patient's quality of life to the greatest extent possible...
June 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747943/the-incidence-of-aspirin-resistance-in-heart-transplantation-recipients
#18
Tomasz Urbanowicz, Anna Komosa, Michał Michalak, Tatiana Mularek, Veronica Cassadei, Stefan Grajek, Marek Jemielity
INTRODUCTION: Coronary allograft vasculopathy can cause as many deaths as infections or rejection episodes within 3 years following heart transplantation. AIM: To compare the aspirin resistance rate in an allograft heart transplantation population and in a control group by laboratory tests including the Aspirin-Resistant Patients Identification Test (ASPItest). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 24 heart recipients (20 men and 4 women) at a mean age of 48 ±13 years who underwent routine clinical follow-up were consecutively enrolled in group 1...
June 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747867/associations-between-fish-intake-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-among-middle-aged-men-and-women-the-hordaland-health-study
#19
Therese Karlsson, Hanne Rosendahl-Riise, Jutta Dierkes, Christian A Drevon, Grethe S Tell, Ottar Nygård
In epidemiologic studies, the relationship between fish consumption and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) have been inconclusive and sex differences reported. The aim was to investigate associations between fish intake and the MetS in a cross-sectional study of men and women. Fish intake, waist circumference, triglycerides (TG), HDL-C, glucose and blood pressure were assessed among 2874 men and women (46-49 y) in the Hordaland Health Study (1997-1999). Fatty fish intake was inversely associated with TG in men only; mean difference in TG between highest and lowest quartile of fatty fish intake was -0...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747765/troponin-i-and-t-in-relation-to-cardiac-injury-detected-with-electrocardiography-in-a-population-based-cohort-the-maastricht-study
#20
Dorien M Kimenai, Remy J H Martens, Jeroen P Kooman, Coen D A Stehouwer, Frans E S Tan, Nicolaas C Schaper, Pieter C Dagnelie, Miranda T Schram, Carla J H van der Kallen, Simone J S Sep, Jeroen D E van Suijlen, Abraham A Kroon, Otto Bekers, Marja P van Dieijen-Visser, Ronald M A Henry, Steven J R Meex
Interest in high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I(hs-cTnI) and T(hs-cTnT) has expanded from acute cardiac care to cardiovascular disease(CVD) risk stratification. Whether hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT are interchangeable in the ambulant setting is largely unexplored. Cardiac injury is a mechanism that may underlie the associations between troponin levels and mortality in the general population. In the population-based Maastricht Study, we assessed the correlation and concordance between hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to assess the association of hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT with electrocardiographic (ECG) changes indicative of cardiac abnormalities...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
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