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Superoxide AND Quercetin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660650/evidence-for-gastroprotective-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-potential-of-methanolic-extract-of-cordia-dichotoma-leaves-on-indomethacin-and-stress-induced-gastric-lesions-in-wistar-rats
#1
Ketan Vinayakrao Hatware, Sanjay Sharma, Kiran Patil, Meghanath Shete, Sravani Karri, Gaurav Gupta
The Cordia dichotoma (CD) is having anticancer and other pharmacological effects as it contains mainly flavonoids. The present study was aimed to demonstrate the gastroprotective effect of methanolic extract of CD leaves (MECD) obtained using Soxhlet extractor. In this study the qualitative phytochemical analysis of MECD revealed the presence of bioflavonoids and determination of quercetin was confirmed by HPLC analysis. The MECD was administered orally at doses 50 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg against indomethacin induced gastric ulceration and stress-induced gastric ulceration in Wistar rats...
April 13, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621523/effects-of-quercetin-on-heart-nitric-oxide-metabolism-in-l-name-treated-rats
#2
Valeria Calabró, María C Litterio, César G Fraga, Monica Galleano, Barbara Piotrkowski
This study investigated the effects of a quercetin-supplemented diet on the biochemical changes installed in the heart of NO-deficient rats in terms of oxidants production and NO bioavailability determinants. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to Nω -nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) treatment (360 mg/L l-NAME in the drinking water, 4 d) with or without supplementation with quercetin (4 g/kg diet). l-NAME administration led to increased blood pressure (BP) (30%), decreased nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity (50%), and increases in NADPH oxidase (NOX)-dependent superoxide anion production (60%) and p47phox protein level (65%)...
April 2, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604592/quercus-dilatata-lindl-ex-royle-ameliorates-bpa-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#3
Syeda Tayyaba Batool Kazmi, Muhammad Majid, Sonia Maryam, Aymen Rahat, Madiha Ahmed, Muhammad Rashid Khan, Ihsan Ul Haq
Quercus dilatata Lindl. ex Royle was evaluated for in vitro polyphenol content and antioxidant potential as well as in vivo protective role against bisphenol A (BPA) induced hepatotoxicity. The distilled water-acetone (QDDAE) and methanol-ethyl acetate (QDMEtE) extracts were standardized and administered in high (300 mg/kg body weight (BW) and low (150 mg/kg BW) doses to Sprague Dawley rats, injected with BPA (25 mg/kg BW). Silymarin (50 mg/kg BW) was used as positive control. Subsequently, blood and liver homogenates were collected after four weeks of treatment, and the defensive effects of both extracts against oxidative damage and genotoxicity were assessed via hematological and biochemical investigations, determination of endogenous expression of enzymes as well as levels of free radicals and comet assay...
March 28, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600652/-study-on-antioxidant-activity-of-flavonoids-from-leaves-of-psidium-guajava
#4
Yu-Jing Zhao, Jian-Kuan Li, Xin Zhang, Jian-Ping Gao
The present study is to study the chemical constituents from ethanol extract of Psidium guajava leaves. The constituents were separated and purified by silica gel column chromaiographios over, macroporous resin D-101, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS. Six flavonoids compounds were isolated and identified as quercetin(1), quercetin-3- O - α -D-arabinopyranoside(2), quercetin-3- O - α -D-ribopyranoside(3), quercetin-3- O - β -D-galactopyranoside(4), quercetin-3- O - α -D-glucopyranoside(5), and quercetin-3- O - α- D-xylpyranoside(6)...
February 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576705/antibacterial-activity-of-azadirachta-indica-pongamia-pinnata-psidium-guajava-and-mangifera-indica-and-their-mechanism-of-action-against-streptococcus-mutans
#5
Dikonketso Cathrine Bodiba, Preety Prasad, Ajay Srivastava, Brigdet Crampton, Namrita Sharan Lall
Background: Curative plants have reportedly been used to make chewing sticks/toothbrushes intended for the treatment of oral diseases. Objective: The in vitro antibacterial activities of Azadirachta indica , Pongamia pinnata , Psidium guajava , and Mangifera indica were evaluated against Streptococcus mutans , along with the cytotoxicity and antioxidant and synergistic potentials. The effect of M. indica on the expression of crucial virulence genes spaP and gtfB of S...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545838/a-morphological-and-biochemical-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-quercetin-on-experimental-sciatic-nerve-damage-in-rats
#6
Sibel Türedi, Esin Yuluğ, Ahmet Alver, Akin Bodur, İmran İnce
The present study evaluated the neuroprotective and antioxidant effects of quercetin in a rat model of sciatic nerve crush injury using histopathological, morphometric and biochemical methods. A total of 48 male Sprague Dawley rats, aged 10-12 weeks old were randomly divided into eight groups, consisting of two sham groups (S-7, S-28), three quercetin-treated groups (Q-7, Q-28; 200 mg/kg/7 days), trauma (T-7, T-28; 1 min sciatic nerve crush injury) and three trauma+quercetin groups (T+Q-7, T+Q-28; trauma+quercetin 200 mg/kg/7 days)...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542424/effect-of-short-term-quercetin-caloric-restriction-and-combined-treatment-on-oxidative-stress-parameters-acetylcholinesterase-and-atpases-enzyme-activities-in-the-cerebral-cortex-of-aged-rat-brain
#7
Phaniendra Alugoju, Vkd Krishan Swamy, Latha Periyasamy
Aging is characterized by gradual accumulation of macromolecular damage leading to progressive loss of physiological function and increased susceptibility to diverse diseases. Effective anti-aging strategies involving caloric restriction or antioxidant supplementation are receiving growing attention to attenuate macromolecular damage in age associated pathology. In the present study, we for the first time investigated the effect of quercetin, caloric restriction and combined treatment (caloric restriction with quercetin) on oxidative stress parameters, acetylcholinesterase and ATPases enzyme activities in the cerebral cortex of aged male wistar rat brain...
March 14, 2018: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540274/chronic-consumption-of-quercetin-reduces-erythrocytes-oxidative-damage-evaluation-at-resting-and-after-eccentric-exercise-in-humans
#8
Guglielmo Duranti, Roberta Ceci, Federica Patrizio, Paolo Sgrò, Luigi Di Luigi, Stefania Sabatini, Francesco Felici, Ilenia Bazzucchi
The polyphenolic flavonoid quercetin has been shown to be a powerful antioxidant, in vitro and in murine models. However, its effect on redox status has been poorly examined in humans, particularly in combination with strenuous exercise. We hypothesized that quercetin supplementation would beneficially affect redox homeostasis in healthy individuals undergoing eccentric exercise. To test this hypothesis, the effects of chronic consumption of quercetin on glutathione system (reduced, oxidized, and reduced to oxidized glutathione ratio), oxidative damage [thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs)], antioxidant enzymatic network (catalase, glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase) and resistance to lysis, were investigated in erythrocytes, a traditional model widely used to study the effects of oxidative stress as well as the protective effects of antioxidants...
February 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535394/chemical-composition-and-hepatoprotective-effect-of-free-phenolic-extract-from-barley-during-malting-process
#9
Meiping Quan, Qin Li, Pei Zhao, Chengrui Tian
In this study, No.Ganpi4 of barley was steeped and malted to investigate the changes of phenolic compounds during malting process. The free phenolic extract from raw barley (FPEB) was analyzed by HPLC and predominant compounds were (+)-catechin, protocatechuate and quercetin. The FPEB was evaluated for hepatoprotective effect in vivo and in vitro. Intragastric administration of FPEB (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg/bw) to mice significantly weakened the effects of hepatic damage induced by CCl4 toxicity on serum markers, including serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total-bilirubin, total cholesterol and total triglycerides...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526237/medicinal-properties-of-ocotea-bullata-stem-bark-extracts-phytochemical-constituents-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-activity-cytotoxicity-and-inhibition-of-carbohydrate-metabolizing-enzymes
#10
Akintayo Lanre Ogundajo, Lateef Apollo Adeniran, Anofi Omotayo Ashafa
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the phytochemical constituents, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, cytotoxicity, and inhibitory activity against carbohydrate metabolism of extracts from Ocotea bullata stem bark. METHODS: Hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol and water were used to extract the air-dried sample. The phytochemical investigation and antioxidant assays were carried out on the extracts using standard procedures. The antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory potentials were evaluated using α-amylase, α-glucosidase and 5-lipoxygenase enzymes respectively...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512831/quercetin-and-rutin-ameliorates-sulphasalazine-induced-spermiotoxicity-alterations-in-reproductive-hormones-and-steroidogenic-enzyme-imbalance-in-rats
#11
S O Osawe, E O Farombi
Certain dietary flavonoids exhibit protective potentials against drug-induced male reproductive toxicities. We investigated the protective effects of quercetin and rutin on sulphasalazine-induced alterations in steroidogenic enzyme activity, hormone profile and spermiotoxicity in rats. Sulphasalazine (SASP, 600 mg/kg bw) was administered alone or in combination with quercetin (20 mg/kg bw) or rutin (10 mg/kg bw) for 14 days. SASP treatment significantly increased relative weights of the epididymis and seminal vesicles...
March 7, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480020/protective-effects-of-quercetin-treatment-in-a-pristane-induced-mouse-model-of-lupus-nephritis
#12
Mariane Dos Santos, Priscila Tamar Poletti, Gaia Favero, Alessandra Stacchiotti, Francesca Bonomini, Carolina Caruccio Montanari, Silvia Regina Bona, Norma Possa Marroni, Rita Rezzani, Francisco Veríssimo Veronese
INTRODUCTION: Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most severe complications of systemic lupus erythematosus. As murine models of LN are valuable tools to better understand its pathophysiology and to search for new effective treatments, we investigated the effects of the bioflavonoid quercetin on pristane-induced LN mice through histomorphological analyses. METHODS: Immunofluorescence and biochemical assays were used to evaluate the expression of markers of inflammation (interleukin-6, IL-6; tumour necrosis factor-α, TNF-α), oxidative stress (catalase, CAT; superoxide dismutase 1, SOD1; thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, TBARS), apoptosis (Bax), and fibrosis (transforming growth factor-β1, TGF-β1)...
February 26, 2018: Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410028/mechanistic-insights-into-the-inhibition-of-quercetin-on-xanthine-oxidase
#13
Cen Zhang, Rui Wang, Guowen Zhang, Deming Gong
Quercetin, one of the most abundant flavonoid in the daily diet, was found to reversibly inhibit the generation of uric acid and superoxide radicals (O2-)catalyzed by xanthine oxidase (XOD) in a mixed-type manner with IC50 values of (2.74±0.04)×10-6 and (2.90±0.03)×10-6molL-1, respectively, and the inhibition of quercetin on O2- generation may be ascribed to the reduced form of XOD by a ping-pong mechanism. XOD had one high affinity binding site for quercetin with a binding constant of 4.28×104Lmol-1 at 298K, and the binding process was predominately driven by van der Waals forces and hydrogen bonds on account of the negative enthalpy and entropy changes...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399294/topical-or-oral-treatment-of-peach-flower-extract-attenuates-uv-induced-epidermal-thickening-matrix-metalloproteinase-13-expression-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-production-in-hairless-mice-skin
#14
Chung Shil Kwak, Jiwon Yang, Chang-Yup Shin, Jin Ho Chung
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Ultraviolet radiation (UV) is a major cause of skin photoaging. Previous studies reported that ethanol extract (PET) of Prunus persica (L.) Batsch flowers (PPF, peach flowers) and its subfractions, particularly the ethylacetate (PEA) and n-butanol extracts (PBT), have potent antioxidant activity and attenuate the UV-induced matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression in human skin cells. In this study, we investigated the protective activity of PPF extract against UV-induced photoaging in a mouse model...
February 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398409/oroxylum-indicum-root-bark-extract-prevents-doxorubicin-induced-cardiac-damage-by-restoring-redox-balance
#15
Seema Menon, Lincy Lawrence, Vipin P Sivaram, Jose Padikkala
BACKGROUND: Oroxylum indicum Vent., a Dasamula plant used in Ayurveda possesses antioxidant properties. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cardioprotective effect of 70% methanolic extract of O. indicum Vent. root bark (OIM) against doxorubicin induced cardiomyopathy in female Sprague Dawley rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cardiotoxicity was induced by intra-peritoneal injection of doxorubicin 30 mg/kg body weight (b.w.) for 4 consecutive days after a ten-day pre-treatment of animals with OIM at 200 mg/kg b...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397540/protective-effects-of-quercetin-against-cadmium-chloride-induced-oxidative-injury-in-goat-sperm-and-zygotes
#16
Tingchao Mao, Chengquan Han, Biao Wei, Lu Zhao, Qing Zhang, Ruizhi Deng, Jun Liu, Yan Luo, Yong Zhang
Quercetin, a plant-derived flavonoid, is frequently used as an antioxidant for efficient anti-oxidative capacity. However, whether quercetin has protective effects on goat sperm and preimplantation embryos against Cd2+-induced oxidative injury is still unclear. So, we researched the influence of quercetin on goat sperm and zygotes respectively under the oxidative stress induced by Cd2+. In our study, quercetin decreased the malonaldehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels caused by Cd2+ in goat sperm (p < 0...
February 4, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389576/hepatoprotective-effect-of-the-ethanol-extract-of-polygonum-orientale-on-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-acute-liver-injury-in-mice
#17
Yung-Jia Chiu, Shen-Chieh Chou, Chuan-Sung Chiu, Chun-Pin Kao, Kun-Chang Wu, Chao-Jung Chen, Jen-Chieh Tsai, Wen-Huang Peng
Polygonum orientale L. (Polygonaceae) fruits have various medicinal uses, but their hepatoprotective effects have not yet been studied. This study investigated the hepatoprotective activity of the ethanolic extract of P. orientale (POE) fruits against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver injury (ALI). Mice were pretreated with POE (0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 g/kg) or silymarin (0.2 g/kg) for 5 consecutive days and administered a dose of 0.175% CCl4 (ip) on the 5th day to induce ALI. Blood and liver samples were collected to measure antioxidative activity and cytokines...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339254/design-synthesis-biological-evaluation-and-docking-studies-of-new-3-4-5-dihydro-1h-pyrazol-isoxazol-5-yl-2-phenyl-1h-indole-derivatives-as-potent-antioxidants-and-15-lipoxygenase-inhibitors
#18
Haydi Saher ElBordiny, Mostafa Mahmoud El-Miligy, Shaymaa Emam Kassab, Hoda Daabees, Waleed Ali Mohamed Ali, Soad Abdelhamid Mohamed El-Hawash
New candidates of 3-(4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol/isoxazol-5-yl)-2-phenyl-1H-indole derivatives (4-7) were designed combining the pyrazoline/isoxazoline heterocycles and 2-phenylindole to explore its potential as 15-lipoxygenase (15-LOX) inhibitors. The design of the new derivatives was based on utilizing the antioxidant properties of pyrazoline, 2-phenylindole and the good 15-LOX inhibition properties of indolylpyrazoline. The derivatives were synthesized adopting simple and laboratory friendly reaction conditions to give the target compounds in quantitative yields...
February 10, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334211/curcumin-and-quercetin-ameliorated-cypermethrin-and-deltamethrin-induced-reproductive-system-impairment-in-male-wistar-rats-by-upregulating-the-activity-of-pituitary-gonadal-hormones-and-steroidogenic-enzymes
#19
Poonam Sharma, Irshad Aslam Khan, Rambir Singh
Background: Dietary antioxidants protect tissues and organs against insecticides/xenobiotic-induced damage. In the present study, we evaluated the results of exposure to synthetic pyrethroid insecticides, cypermethrin (Cyp) and deltamethrin (Del) and possible protective effects of curcumin and quercetin on reproductive system in male Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this controlled experimental study, 42 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 7 groups of 6 animals...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333386/antioxidant-and-anti-adipogenic-activities-of-trapa-japonica-shell-extract-cultivated-in-korea
#20
DooJin Lee, Ok-Hwan Lee, Geunpyo Choi, Jong Dai Kim
Trapa japonica shell contains phenolic compounds such as tannins. Studies regarding the antioxidant and anti-adipogenic effects of Trapa japonica shell cultivated in Korea are still unclear. Antioxidant and anti-adipogenic activities were measured by in vitro assays such as 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazy (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, 2,2'-azinobis( 3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging activity, ferric reducing ability of plasma assay, reducing power, superoxide dismutase-like activity, and iron chelating ability in 3T3-L1 cells...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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