keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Antigen specific

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150846/cancer-stem-cells-as-targets-for-immunotherapy
#1
REVIEW
Amy S Codd, Takayuki Kanaseki, Toshihiko Torigo, Zsuzsanna Tabi
Current cancer therapies target the bulk of the tumour, while a population of highly resistant tumour cells may be able to repopulate the tumour and metastasise to new sites. Cancer cells with such stem cell-like characteristics can be identified based on their phenotypic and/or functional features which may open up ways for their targeted elimination. In this review we discuss potential off-target effects of inhibiting cancer stem-cell self-renewal pathways on immune cells, and summarise some recent immunological studies specifically targeting cancer stem cells based on their unique antigen expression...
November 18, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150830/does-preoperative-use-of-dutasteride-decrease-bleeding-during-open-prostatectomy
#2
Arif Demirbas, Berkan Resorlu, Murat Tolga Gulpinar, Sina Kardas, Omer Gokhan Doluoglu, Abdulkadir Tepeler, Muhammet Fatih Kilinc, Tolga Karakan, Serkan Ozcan
PURPOSE: To investigate whether use of dutasteride, a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor, for at least four weeks preoperatively affected the blood loss during open prostatectomy (OP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis was made of the data of 110 patients who had undergone OP. Group I comprised 50 patients that used dutasteride for 4 weeks preoperatively, and Group II comprised 60 patients that did not use the drug. The groups were compared in respect of age, total prostate specific antigen (TPSA) levels, prostate volumes, preoperative hemoglobin (Hgb) and hematocrit (Hct) levels, postoperative reduction of Hgb and Hct, percentage reduction in Hgb and Hct, and the administration of postoperative blood products...
November 15, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150810/liver-fibrosis-alleviation-after-co-transplantation-of-hematopoietic-stem-cells-with-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-patients-with-thalassemia-major
#3
Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Masoud Sotoudeh, Amir Pejman Hashemi Taheri, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Hossein Pashaiefar, Mahdi Jalili, Farhad Shahi, Mohammad Jahani, Marjan Yaghmaie
The aims of this study are to determine the replacement rate of damaged hepatocytes by donor-derived cells in sex-mismatched recipient patients with thalassemia major and to determine whether co-transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells and hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) can alleviate liver fibrosis. Ten sex-mismatched donor-recipient pairs who received co-transplantation of HSCs with mesenchymal stem cells were included in our study. Liver biopsy was performed before transplantation. Two other liver biopsies were performed between 2 and 5 years after transplantation...
November 17, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150769/changes-in-expression-of-the-membrane-receptors-cd14-mhc-ii-sr-a-and-tlr4-in-tissue-specific-monocytes-macrophages-following-porphyromonas-gingivalis-lps-stimulation
#4
Chunfang Wu, Chongwu Liu, Kai Luo, Yanfen Li, Jun Jiang, Fuhua Yan
The aim of the study was to provide a theoretical foundation for understanding the relationship between periodontal diseases and systemic diseases by examining the inflammatory effect of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on monocytes/macrophages isolated from tissues distinct from the oral cavity in normal and hyperlipidemic New Zealand white rabbits. Macrophages were isolated from four separate tissues (mononuclear cells from blood, alveolar macrophages, peritoneal macrophages, and Kupffer cells) from both normal and hyperlipidemic New Zealand white rabbits...
November 18, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150735/glycomics-of-human-embryonic-stem-cells-and-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#5
REVIEW
Jun-Ichi Furukawa, Kazue Okada, Yasuro Shinohara
Most cells are coated by a dense glycocalyx composed of glycoconjugates such as glycosphingolipids, glycoproteins, and proteoglycans. The overall glycomic profile is believed to be crucial for the diverse roles of glycans, which are mediated by specific interactions that regulate cell-cell adhesion, the immune response, microbial pathogenesis, and other cellular events. Many cell surface markers were discovered and identified as glycoconjugates such as stage-specific embryonic antigen, Tra-1-60/81 and various other cell surface molecules (e...
November 18, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150718/re-educating-immunity-in-respiratory-allergies-the-potential-for-hematopoietic-stem-cell-mediated-gene-therapy
#6
REVIEW
Jeremy F Brooks, Janet M Davies, James W Wells, Raymond J Steptoe
Respiratory allergies represent a significant disease burden worldwide affecting up to 300 million people globally. Medication and avoidance of known triggers do not address the underlying pathology. Traditional immunotherapies for allergy aim to reinstate immune homeostasis but require years of treatment and have poor long-term efficacy. Novel approaches, such as gene-engineered hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, induce profound antigen-specific tolerance in autoimmunity. Recent evidence shows this approach may also have therapeutic utility for allergy...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150704/evaluation-of-immune-mediated-idiosyncratic-drug-toxicity-using-chimeric-hla-transgenic-mice
#7
Takeshi Susukida, Shigeki Aoki, Kotaro Kogo, Sota Fujimori, Binbin Song, Cong Liu, Shuichi Sekine, Kousei Ito
Immune-mediated idiosyncratic drug toxicity (IDT) is a rare adverse drug reaction, potentially resulting in death. Although genome-wide association studies suggest that the occurrence of immune-mediated IDT is strongly associated with specific human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allotypes, these associations have not yet been prospectively demonstrated. In this study, we focused on HLA-B*57:01 and abacavir (ABC)-induced immune-mediated IDT, and constructed transgenic mice carrying chimeric HLA-B*57:01 (B*57:01-Tg) to determine if this in vivo model may be useful for evaluating immune-mediated IDT...
November 17, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150603/bacterially-derived-synthetic-mimetics-of-mammalian-oligomannose-prime-antibody-responses-that-neutralize-hiv-infectivity
#8
Ralph Pantophlet, Nino Trattnig, Sasha Murrell, Naiomi Lu, Dennis Chau, Caitlin Rempel, Ian A Wilson, Paul Kosma
Oligomannose-type glycans are among the major targets on the gp120 component of the HIV envelope protein (Env) for broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs). However, attempts to elicit oligomannose-specific nAbs by immunizing with natural or synthetic oligomannose have so far not been successful, possibly due to B cell tolerance checkpoints. Here we design and synthesize oligomannose mimetics, based on the unique chemical structure of a recently identified bacterial lipooligosaccharide, to appear foreign to the immune system...
November 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150562/the-role-of-mhc-e-in-t-cell-immunity-is-conserved-among-humans-rhesus-macaques-and-cynomolgus-macaques
#9
Helen L Wu, Roger W Wiseman, Colette M Hughes, Gabriela M Webb, Shaheed A Abdulhaqq, Benjamin N Bimber, Katherine B Hammond, Jason S Reed, Lina Gao, Benjamin J Burwitz, Justin M Greene, Fidel Ferrer, Alfred W Legasse, Michael K Axthelm, Byung S Park, Simon Brackenridge, Nicholas J Maness, Andrew J McMichael, Louis J Picker, David H O'Connor, Scott G Hansen, Jonah B Sacha
MHC-E is a highly conserved nonclassical MHC class Ib molecule that predominantly binds and presents MHC class Ia leader sequence-derived peptides for NK cell regulation. However, MHC-E also binds pathogen-derived peptide Ags for presentation to CD8(+) T cells. Given this role in adaptive immunity and its highly monomorphic nature in the human population, HLA-E is an attractive target for novel vaccine and immunotherapeutic modalities. Development of HLA-E-targeted therapies will require a physiologically relevant animal model that recapitulates HLA-E-restricted T cell biology...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150443/kinetic-mechanism-of-controlled-fab-arm-exchange-for-the-formation-of-bispecific-immunoglobulin-g1-antibodies
#10
Dennis R Goulet, Steven J Orcutt, Adam Zwolak, Theo Rispens, Aran Labrijn, Rob N de Jong, William M Atkins, Mark L Chiu
Bispecific antibodies (bsAbs) combine the antigen specificities of two distinct Abs and demonstrate therapeutic promise based on novel mechanisms of action. Among the many platforms for creating bsAbs, controlled Fab-arm exchange (cFAE) has proven useful based on minimal changes to native Ab structure and the simplicity with which bsAbs can be formed from two parental Abs. Despite a published protocol for cFAE and its widespread use in the pharmaceutical industry, the reaction mechanism has not been determined...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150430/interferon-%C3%A1%C2%B5-2-signaling-in-melanocytes-and-melanoma-cells-regulates-expression-of-ctla-4
#11
Xuan Mo, Hanghang Zhang, Sarah Preston, Kayla Martin, Bo Zhou, Nish Vadalia, Ana M Gamero, Jonathan Soboloff, Italo Tempera, M Raza Zaidi
CTLA-4 is a cell surface receptor on T cells that functions as an immune checkpoint molecule to enforce tolerance to cognate antigens. Anti-CTLA-4 immunotherapy is highly effective at reactivating T cell responses against melanoma, which is postulated to be due to targeting CTLA-4 on T cells. Here we report that CTLA-4 is also highly expressed by most human melanoma cell lines, as well as in normal human melanocytes. Interferon-gamma (IFNG) signaling activated the expression of the human CTLA-4 gene in a melanocyte and melanoma cell-specific manner...
November 17, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150328/randomized-phase-2-therapeutic-equivalence-study-of-abiraterone-acetate-fine-particle-formulation-vs-originator-abiraterone-acetate-in-patients-with-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-the-staar-study
#12
Cy A Stein, Richard Levin, Robert Given, Celestia S Higano, Paul Nemeth, Bill Bosch, Jillian Chapas-Reed, Robert Dreicer
BACKGROUND: This multicenter, randomized, open-label, active-controlled study evaluated therapeutic equivalence, steady-state pharmacokinetics, and safety of a novel abiraterone acetate fine particle formulation (AAFP) 500mg plus methylprednisolone vs. the originator AA (OAA) 1000mg plus prednisone in men with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). The primary endpoint was a comparison of average of serum testosterone levels on treatment days 9 and 10 between groups. METHODS: Men with progressive mCRPC, receiving gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist or antagonist therapy, and with a serum testosterone level of <50ng/dl were randomized 1:1 to either AAFP 500mg daily plus 4mg methylprednisolone orally twice daily (BID), or OAA 1000mg daily plus 5mg prednisone BID for 84 days...
November 14, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150240/dichotomous-expression-of-tnf-superfamily-ligands-on-antigen-presenting-cells-controls-post-priming-anti-viral-cd4-t-cell-immunity
#13
Yu-Han Chang, Kuan Chung Wang, Kuan-Lun Chu, Derek L Clouthier, Anh T Tran, Miguel S Torres Perez, Angela C Zhou, Ali A Abdul-Sater, Tania H Watts
T cell antigen-presenting cell (APC) interactions early during chronic viral infection are crucial for determining viral set point and disease outcome, but how and when different APC subtypes contribute to these outcomes is unclear. The TNF receptor superfamily (TNFRSF) member GITR is important for CD4(+) T cell accumulation and control of chronic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). We found that type I interferon (IFN-I) induced TNFSF ligands GITRL, 4-1BBL, OX40L, and CD70 predominantly on monocyte-derived APCs and CD80 and CD86 predominantly on classical dendritic cells (cDCs)...
November 13, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150238/a-t-cell-receptor-locus-harbors-a-malaria-specific-immune-response-gene
#14
Natalija Van Braeckel-Budimir, Stephanie Gras, Kristin Ladell, Tracy M Josephs, Lecia Pewe, Stina L Urban, Kelly L Miners, Carine Farenc, David A Price, Jamie Rossjohn, John T Harty
Immune response (Ir) genes, originally proposed by Baruj Benacerraf to explain differential antigen-specific responses in animal models, have become synonymous with the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). We discovered a non-MHC-linked Ir gene in a T cell receptor (TCR) locus that was required for CD8(+) T cell responses to the Plasmodium berghei GAP5040-48 epitope in mice expressing the MHC class I allele H-2D(b). GAP5040-48-specific CD8(+) T cell responses emerged from a very large pool of naive Vβ8...
November 10, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150208/development-of-a-synthetic-vi-polysaccharide-vaccine-for-typhoid-fever
#15
Yawei Ni, Michael J Springer, Jianhua Guo, Isaac Finger-Baker, James P Wilson, Ronald R Cobb, Debra Turner, Ian Tizard
Typhoid fever remains a serious public health problem with a high impact on toddlers and young children. Vaccines against the Vi capsular polysaccharide are efficacious against typhoid fever demonstrating that antibodies against Vi confer protection. The currently licensed Vi typhoid vaccines have however limited efficacy and are manufactured by a complex process from wild-type bacteria. Due to these inherent issues with the current vaccines, an alternative vaccine based on an O-acetylated high molecular weight (HMW) polygalacturonic acid (GelSite-OAc™) was generated...
November 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150086/the-ex-vivo-toll-like-receptor-7-tolerance-induction-in-donor-lymphocytes-prevents-murine-acute-graft-versus-host-disease
#16
Nikolaos Zogas, Garyfalia Karponi, Fotios Iordanidis, Stylianos Malasidis, Vasilios Paraskevas, Anastasia Papadopoulou, Zaharias George Scouras, Achilles Anagnostopoulos, Evangelia Yannaki
BACKGROUND AIMS: Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, mediated by alloreactive donor T cells. Toll-like receptors (TLRs), a family of conserved pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs), represent key players in donors' T-cell activation during aGVHD; however, a regulatory, tolerogenic role for certain TLRs has been recognized in a different context. We investigated whether the ex vivo-induced TLR-2,-4,-7 tolerance in donor cells could prevent alloreactivity in a mismatched transplantation model...
November 14, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149995/facile-synthesis-of-polyaniline-polythionine-redox-hydrogel-conductive-antifouling-and-enzyme-linked-material-for-ultrasensitive-label-free-amperometric-immunosensor-toward-carcinoma-antigen-125
#17
Lihua Zhao, Zhanfang Ma
Sensitivity enhancement and proteins adsorption are the common challenges faced in protein immunoassays. In this work, an ultrasensitive and protein-resistant label-free amperometric immunosening platform for carcinoma antigen-125 (CA125) based on redox polyaniline-polythionine hydrogel (PANI-PThi gel) was developed. The as-prepared hydrogel, which was facilely synthesized by electropolymerization, exhibited good conductivity and strong hydrophilicity while the sensitivity and specificity of the immunosensor can be enhanced...
January 2, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149993/label-free-determination-of-prostate-specific-membrane-antigen-in-human-whole-blood-at-nanomolar-levels-by-magnetically-assisted-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy
#18
Zuzana Chaloupková, Anna Balzerová, Jitka Bařinková, Zdenka Medříková, Pavel Šácha, Petr Beneš, Václav Ranc, Jan Konvalinka, Radek Zbořil
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men and can in its later stages cause serious medical problems. Due to the limited suitability of current diagnostic biochemical markers, new biomarkers for the detection of prostate cancer are highly sought after. An ideal biomarker should serve as a reliable prognostic marker, be applicable for early diagnosis, and be applicable for monitoring of therapeutic response. One potential candidate is glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII), also known as prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA), which has a promising role for direct imaging...
January 2, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149956/comparison-between-total-igg-c1q-and-c3d-single-antigen-bead-assays-in-detecting-class-i-complement-binding-anti-hla-antibodies
#19
M A Moreno Gonzales, D G Mitema, B H Smith, C A Schinstock, M D Stegall, L L Wakefield, N A Henderson, S R DeGoey, J D Kreuter, M J Gandhi
BACKGROUND: Complement-binding donor-specific antibodies (DSAs) are associated with antibody-mediated rejection and allograft loss. Novel single antigen bead (SAB) assays-that is, complement component 1q (C1q) and complement component 3d (C3d) assays-have been developed to specifically detect complement-binding DSA, but it remains unclear whether these assays have an improved ability to detect complement-binding DSA as compared with using the total IgG SAB assay with a high mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) cutoff...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149896/liposomal-vaccine-formulations-as-prophylactic-agents-design-considerations-for-modern-vaccines
#20
REVIEW
Luis O De Serrano, David J Burkhart
Vaccinology is one of the most important cornerstones in modern medicine, providing better quality of life. The human immune system is composed of innate and adaptive immune processes that interplay when infection occurs. Innate immunity relies on pathogen-associated molecular patterns which are recognized by pathogen recognition receptors localized in antigen presenting cells. After antigen processing and presentation, CD4(+) T cell polarization occurs, further leading to B cell and CD8(+) activation and humoral and cell-mediated adaptive immune responses...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
keyword
keyword
96108
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"