Read by QxMD icon Read

Superoxide anion

Friardi Ismed, Françoise Lohézic-Le Dévéhat, Isabelle Rouaud, Solenn Ferron, Amri Bakhtiar, Joël Boustie
The phytochemical study of Stereocaulon montagneanum harvested in Sumatra (Indonesia) led to the isolation of 11 known compounds including two metabolites not previously described in the genus Stereocaulon, peristictic acid (8) and menegazziaic acid (10). The complete 1H and 13C NMR spectral assignments of stictic acid derivatives are reported with some revisions. Five depsidones belonging to the stictic acid chemosyndrome were superoxide anion scavengers as potent as ascorbic acid and with no toxicity on two human cell lines...
October 22, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
A R Fetoni, R Rolesi, F Paciello, S L M Eramo, C Grassi, D Troiani, G Paludetti
Experimental and human investigations have raised the level of concern about the potential ototoxicity of organic solvents and their interaction with noise. The main objective of this study was to characterize the effects of the combined noise and styrene exposure on hearing focusing on the mechanism of damage on the sensorineural cells and supporting cells of the organ of Corti and neurons of the ganglion of Corti. The impact of single and combined exposures on hearing was evaluated by auditory functional testing and histological analyses of cochlear specimens...
October 18, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Kathryn M Davis, Abraham K Badu-Tawiah
The exposure of an aqueous-based liquid drop containing amines and graphite particles to plasma generated by a corona discharge results in heterogeneous aerobic dehydrogenation reactions. This green oxidation reaction occurring in ambient air afforded the corresponding quinolines and nitriles from tetrahydroquinolines and primary amines, respectively, at >96% yields in less than 2 min of reaction time. The accelerated dehydrogenation reactions occurred on the surface of a low energy hydrophobic paper, which served both as container for holding the reacting liquid drop and as a medium for achieving paper spray ionization of reaction products for subsequent characterization by ambient mass spectrometry...
October 20, 2016: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Yu-Ming Hsu, Fang-Rong Chang, I-Wen Lo, Kuei-Hung Lai, Mohamed El-Shazly, Tung-Ying Wu, Ying-Chi Du, Tsong-Long Hwang, Yuan-Bin Cheng, Yang-Chang Wu
Zoanthus kuroshio is a colorful zoanthid with a fluorescent pink oral disc and brown tentacles, which dominates certain parts of the Taiwanese and Japanese coasts. This sea anemone is a rich source of biologically active alkaloids. In the current investigation, two novel halogenated zoanthamines [5α-iodozoanthenamine (1) and 11β-chloro-11-deoxykuroshine A (2)], along with four new zoanthamines [18-epi-kuroshine A (3), 7α-hydroxykuroshine E (4), 5α-methoxykuroshine E (5), and 18-epi-kuroshine E (6)], and six known compounds were isolated from Z...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Yuanting Cui, Li Li, Peng Gao, Liqun Ma, Daoyan Liu, Zhiming Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is global healthy problem. Uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) mainly expresses on brown adipose tissue (BAT), uncouples energy substrate oxidation from mitochondrial ATP production and results in the loss of potential energy as heat. Transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily, member 1 (TRPV1) is the heat-gated cation ion channel. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vivo role of TRPV1 and UCP1 co-action in obesity. DESIGN AND METHOD: We generated and characterized UCP1 mice lacking TRPV1 activity (TRPV1/UCP1 mice)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Qiongying Wang, Jeong Euy-Myoung, Hong Liu, Lianzhi Gu, Samuel C Dudley, Jing Yu
OBJECTIVE: The saponin Astragaloside IV (ASI) reportedly enhances endothelial NOS (eNOS) activity by increasing the scavenging of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and NO production. We hypothesized that oxidative stress may decrease eNOS phosphorylation and result in diastolic dysfunction in DOCA-salt mice, which could be reversed by ASI treatment. DESIGN AND METHOD: We used the deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt mouse model. The mice were divided into four groups; SHAM and DOCA control mice received sterile water, SHAM+ASI and DOCA+ASI received ASI treatment via an intraperitoneal injection of 0...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Peter Husen, Ilia A Solov'yov
The homodimeric bc1 protein complex is embedded in membranes of mitochondria and photosynthetic bacteria, where it transports protons across the membrane to maintain an electrostatic potential used to drive ATP synthesis as part of the respiratory or photosynthetic pathways. The reaction cycle of the bc1 complex is driven by series of redox processes involving substrate molecules from the membrane, but occasional side reactions between an intermediate semiquinone substrate and molecular oxygen are suspected to be a source of toxic superoxide, which is believed to be a factor in aging...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Noriyoshi Masuoka, Kulwadee Tamsampaoloet, Warinthorn Chavasiri, Isao Kubo
Anacardic acid C15:3 and cardol C15:3 sigmoidally suppressed superoxide anion (O2-) generation using xanthine oxidase. To study this suppression activity, anacardic acids, cardanols and cardols having different numbers of double bonds in alk(en)yl chains were prepared. The O2- scavenging activity and H2O2 formation from O2- using PMS-NADH were examined. Anacardic acids and cardols indicated sigmoidal O2- scavenging activity but cardanols did not. The O2- scavenging activity of anacardic acid C15:3 was weaker than the suppression activity using xanthine oxidase, but the scavenging activity of cardol C15:3 was quite similar to the suppression using xanthine oxidase...
September 2016: Heliyon
Gagan Preet Singh Sidhu, Harminder Pal Singh, Daizy R Batish, Ravinder Kumar Kohli
The potential of a wild, unpalatable plant Coronopus didymus was investigated for the first time in terms of its capability to tolerate and accumulate cadmium (Cd) for phytoremediation purposes. A screenhouse experiment for 6 weeks was conducted to evaluate the effect of Cd from 100 to 400mgkg(-1) on growth, biomass, photosynthetic apparatus, Cd uptake and accumulation in C. didymus plants. Application of Cd facilitates the growth of the plants whereas at higher levels a slight reduction was noticed. The concentration of Cd in roots and shoots reached a maximum of 867...
October 12, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Taeko Mizutani, Hijiri Sumida, Yuki Sagawa, Yuri Okano, Hitoshi Masaki
BACKGROUND: Carbonylated proteins (CPs) are generated by the reaction of basic amino acid residues in proteins with aldehyde compounds produced during lipid peroxidation. CPs in the stratum corneum (SC) impact skin conditions such as skin moisture functions including water content and transepidermal water loss (TEWL). In addition, CPs can be frequently seen in the SC from sun-exposed sites compared with sun-protected sites. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to reveal whether CPs could be a generation source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the SC following exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and to identify the type of ROS and its generation mechanism...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Science
Mohamed Mousslim, Alessandra Pagano, Nicolas Andreotti, Françoise Garrouste, Sylvie Thuault, Vincent Peyrot, Fabrice Parat, José Luis, Marcel Culcasi, Sophie Thétiot-Laurent, Sylvia Pietri, Jean-Marc Sabatier, Hervé Kovacic
The NADPH oxidase proteins catalyse the formation of superoxide anion which act as signalling molecules in physiological and pathological processes. Nox1-dependent NADPH oxidase is expressed in heart, lung, colon, blood vessels and brain. Different strategies involving Nox1 inhibition based on diphenylene iodonium derivatives are currently tested for colorectal cancer therapy. Here, after peptides screening on Nox1-dependent NADPH oxidase assay in HT-29 cells, we identify a peptide (referred to as NF02), cell-active, that potently block Nox1-dependent reactive oxygen species generation...
October 12, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Faten K Abd El-Hady, Walid Fayad, Carmine Iodice, Zeinab A El-Shahid, Mohamed S Abdel-Aziz, Egle Crudele, Giuseppina Tommonaro
Marine organisms have been considered as the richest sources of novel bioactive metabolites, which can be used for pharmaceutical purposes. In the last years, the interest for marine microorganisms has grown for their enormous biodiversity and for the evidence that many novel compounds isolated from marine invertebrates are really synthesized by their associated bacteria. Nevertheless, the discovery of a chemical communication Quorum sensing (QS) between bacterial cells and between bacteria and host has gained the researchers to expand the aim of their study toward the role of bacteria associated with marine invertebrates, such as marine sponge...
October 14, 2016: Current Microbiology
Fernando L Rosario-Ortiz, Silvio Canonica
The photochemical properties of dissolved organic matter (DOM) have been of interest to scientists and engineers since the 1970s. Upon light absorption, chromophoric DOM (CDOM) can sensitize the formation of different short-lived reactive intermediates (RIs), including hydroxyl radical ((•)OH), singlet oxygen ((1)O2) and superoxide radical anion (O2(-•)). In addition, a fraction of the excited singlet states in CDOM decays into excited triplet states ((3)CDOM*), which are also important photochemical transients in environmental systems...
October 13, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Yao Fong, Chia-Chun Tang, Huei-Ting Hu, Hsin-Yu Fang, Bing-Hung Chen, Chang-Yi Wu, Shyng-Shiou Yuan, Hui-Min David Wang, Yen-Chun Chen, Yen-Ni Teng, Chien-Chih Chiu
BACKGROUND: Trans-ferulic (FA) acid exhibits antioxidant effects in vitro. However, the underlying mechanism of trans-FA activity in cellular physiology, especially cancer physiology, remains largely unknown. This study investigated the cellular physiological effects of trans-FA on the H1299 human lung cancer cell line. METHODS: The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl assay was used to determine free radical scavenging capability. Assessment of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was evaluated using oxidized 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate and dihydroethidium staining...
2016: Chinese Medicine
Shaukat Ali M Shaikh, Atanu Barik, Beena G Singh, Ramani V Madukuri, Neduri V Balaji, Gottumukkal V Subbaraju, Devidas B Naik, K Indira Priyadarsini
Hispolon (HS), a natural polyphenol found in medicinal mushrooms, and its isoxazole (HI) and pyrazole (HP) derivatives have been examined for free radical reactions and in vitro antioxidant activity. Reaction of these compounds with one-electron oxidant, azide radicals (N3(•)) and trichloromethyl peroxyl radicals (CCl3O2(•)), model peroxyl radicals, studied by nanosecond pulse radiolysis technique, indicated formation of phenoxyl radicals absorbing at 420 nm with half life of few hundred microseconds (µs)...
October 13, 2016: Free Radical Research
Chiung-Yao Huang, Che-Wei Chang, Yen-Ju Tseng, Jessica Lee, Ping-Jyun Sung, Jui-Hsin Su, Tsong-Long Hwang, Chang-Feng Dai, Hui-Chun Wang, Jyh-Horng Sheu
Three new steroids, petasitosterones A and B (1 and 2) and a spirosteroid petasitosterone C (3), along with eight known steroids (4-11), were isolated from a Formosan marine soft coral Umbellulifera petasites. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and comparison of spectroscopic data with those reported. Compound 3 is a marine steroid with a rarely found A/B spiro[4,5]decane ring system. Compounds 1-3 and 5 displayed inhibitory activity against the proliferation of a limited panel of cancer cell lines, whereas 2 and 5 exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity to inhibit nitric oxide (NO) production...
October 11, 2016: Marine Drugs
Yingli Yang, Ting Ma, Fan Ding, Haizhen Ma, Xiaohui Duan, Tianpeng Gao, Jian Yao
Growth inhibition and antioxidative response were investigated in wheat roots cultured in 1/4 Hoagland solution containing zinc (Zn, 500 μM), iron (Fe, 300 μM), and copper (Cu, 300 μM) in combination. Different Zn, Fe, and Cu interactions inhibited seedling growth and increased Zn, Fe, and Cu contents in roots and shoots, with the most significant inhibition due to Zn + Fe + Cu treatment. The elevation of malondialdehyde content and the loss of cell viability resulted from the increases of total and apoplastic hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hydroxyl radical (·OH) contents in all treated roots...
October 10, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Janaina A Simplicio, Gabriel T do Vale, Natália A Gonzaga, Letícia N Leite, Ulisses V Hipólito, Camila A Pereira, Rita C Tostes, Carlos R Tirapelli
Chronic ethanol consumption is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. We studied whether NAD(P)H oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a role in ethanol-induced hypertension, vascular dysfunction, and protein expression in resistance arteries. Male Wistar rats were treated with ethanol (20 % v/v) for 6 weeks. Ethanol treatment increased blood pressure and decreased acetylcholine-induced relaxation in the rat mesenteric arterial bed (MAB). These responses were attenuated by apocynin (30 mg/kg/day; p...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Andrea Magrì, Ramona Belfiore, Simona Reina, Marianna Flora Tomasello, Maria Carmela Di Rosa, Francesca Guarino, Loredana Leggio, Vito De Pinto, Angela Messina
Superoxide Dismutase 1 mutants associate with 20-25% of familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) cases, producing toxic aggregates on mitochondria, notably in spinal cord. The Voltage Dependent Anion Channel isoform 1 (VDAC1) in the outer mitochondrial membrane is a docking site for SOD1 G93A mutant in ALS mice and the physiological receptor of Hexokinase I (HK1), which is poorly expressed in mouse spinal cord. Our results demonstrate that HK1 competes with SOD1 G93A for binding VDAC1, suggesting that in ALS spinal cord the available HK1-binding sites could be used by SOD1 mutants for docking mitochondria, producing thus organelle dysfunction...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jiamu Niu, Guangyu Xu, Shuang Jiang, Hongyu Li, Guangxin Yuan
A water soluble polysaccharide (SSPW1), with an average molecular weight of 191.18KD, was isolated and purified from the water extract of Schisandra sphenanthera by DEAE-52 and Sephadex G-100 column chromatography. SSPW1 contained 48.92% neutral sugar, 5.56% proteins and 42.83% uronic acid, and were composed of rhamnose, arabinose, mannose, galactose, glucose at a molar ratio of 13.52, 5.69, 3.92, 41.28 and 35.59. In vitro experiment showed that SSPW1 have a satisfactory scavenging effect on superoxide anion free radical, hydroxyl radical and DPPH free radical...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"