Read by QxMD icon Read

Superoxide anion

Wei Guan, Gaoge Sun, Lei Yin, Zhenghua Zhang, Shichao Tian
The oxidation of hypophosphite to phosphate is the key to recover the phosphorus resource from the hypophosphite wastewater. In the present work, Ti4 O7 /g-C3 N4 composites were synthesized at two different temperatures (100 and 160°C) and their performance on photocatalytic oxidation of hypophosphite under visible light irradiation and the corresponding mechanism were evaluated. A hydrolysis method using g-C3 N4 and Ti4 O7 was applied to synthesize the Ti4 O7 /g-C3 N4 composites with their hybrid structure and morphology confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS)...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Jui-Hsiang Hung, Shi-Kae Wee, Hany A Omar, Chia-Hui Su, Hsing-Yi Chen, Pin-Shern Chen, Chien-Chih Chiu, Ming-Syuan Wu, Yen-Ni Teng
Leucine-rich repeats and WD repeat domain containing protein 1 (LRWD1) is implicated in the regulation of signal transduction, transcription, RNA processing and tumor development. However, LRWD1 transcriptional regulation is not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between LRWD1 expression and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in human embryonal carcinoma cell line, NT2/D1 cells, which will help in understanding the transcriptional regulatory role of ROS in cells. Results showed that the exposure of NT2/D1 cells to various concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) and the nitric oxide (NO) donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) caused a significant increase in the mRNA and protein expression of LRWD1...
March 12, 2018: Biochimie
Cuimei Zhang, Shangli Shi
Drought severely limits global plant distribution and agricultural production. Elucidating the physiological and molecular mechanisms governing alfalfa stress responses will contribute to the improvement of drought tolerance in leguminous crops. In this study, the physiological and proteomic responses of two alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L.) varieties contrasting in drought tolerance, Longzhong (drought-tolerant) and Gannong No. 3 (drought-sensitive), were comparatively assayed when seedlings were exposed to -1...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Laura Lopez-Sanz, Susana Bernal, Carlota Recio, Iolanda Lazaro, Ainhoa Oguiza, Ana Melgar, Luna Jimenez-Castilla, Jesus Egido, Carmen Gomez-Guerrero
Oxidative stress resulting from excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or impaired antioxidant defenses is closely related to the development of diabetic vascular complications, including nephropathy and atherosclerosis. Chronic activation of Janus kinase/Signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway contributes to diabetic complications by inducing expression of genes involved in cell proliferation, fibrosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family of endogenous JAK/STAT regulators is an attractive target for therapeutic intervention...
March 14, 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Chiung-Yao Huang, Wan-Ru Tseng, Atallah F Ahmed, Pei-Lun Chiang, Chi-Jen Tai, Tsong-Long Hwang, Chang-Feng Dai, Jyh-Horng Sheu
Three new polyoxygenated steroids, michosterols A-C ( 1 - 3 ), and four known compounds ( 4 - 7 ) were isolated from the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract of the soft coral Lobophytum michaelae , collected off the coast of Taitung. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses and comparison of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data with related steroids. The cytotoxicity of compounds 1 - 3 against the proliferation of a limited panel of cancer cell lines was assayed...
March 13, 2018: Marine Drugs
Alice Biosa, Alvaro Sanchez-Martinez, Roberta Filograna, Ana Terriente-Felix, Sarah M Alam, Mariano Beltramini, Luigi Bubacco, Marco Bisaglia, Alexander J Whitworth
Reactive oxygen species exert important functions in regulating several cellular signalling pathways. However, an excessive accumulation of reactive oxygen species can perturb the redox homeostasis leading to oxidative stress, a condition which has been associated to many neurodegenerative disorders. Accordingly, alterations in the redox state of cells and mitochondrial homeostasis are established hallmarks in both familial and sporadic Parkinson's disease cases. PINK1 and parkin are two genes which account for a large fraction of autosomal recessive early-onset forms of Parkinson's disease and are now firmly associated to both mitochondria and redox homeostasis...
February 24, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Andréa Silva Garcia de Figueiredo-Rinhel, Micássio Fernandes de Andrade, Ana Paula Landi-Librandi, Ana Elisa Caleiro Seixas Azzolini, Luciana Mariko Kabeya, Jairo Kenupp Bastos, Yara Maria Lucisano-Valim
The aerial parts of Baccharis dracunculifolia (BdE) is used in the Brazilian folk medicine to treat inflammatory conditions. Here we examined the ability of free and liposomal BdE to modulate reactive oxygen species generation in human neutrophils in vitro and zymosan-induced acute joint inflammation in Wistar rats. We prepared biocompatible liposomes of soya phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol with low diameter, homogeneous size distribution, and neutral surface charge. Free BdE decreased joint swelling, total leucocyte and neutrophil infiltration, and the synovial levels of tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukins 6 and 1β...
March 12, 2018: Natural Product Research
Akintayo Lanre Ogundajo, Lateef Apollo Adeniran, Anofi Omotayo Ashafa
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the phytochemical constituents, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, cytotoxicity, and inhibitory activity against carbohydrate metabolism of extracts from Ocotea bullata stem bark. METHODS: Hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol and water were used to extract the air-dried sample. The phytochemical investigation and antioxidant assays were carried out on the extracts using standard procedures. The antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory potentials were evaluated using α-amylase, α-glucosidase and 5-lipoxygenase enzymes respectively...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Taofeek O Ajiboye, Evelyn Skiebe, Gottfried Wilharm
Phenolic acids with catechol groups are good prooxidants because of their low redox potential. In this study, we provided data showing that phenolic acids, caffeic acid, gallic acid and protocatechuic acid, enhanced colistin-mediated bacterial death by inducing redox imbalance. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of these phenolic acids against Acinetobacter baumannii AB5075 were considerably lowered for ΔsodB and ΔkatG mutants. Checkerboard assay shows synergistic interactions between colistin and phenolic acids...
March 7, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Romina M Lasagni Vitar, Julia Tau, Natasha S Janezic, Agustina I Tesone, Ailen G Hvozda Arana, Claudia G Reides, Alejandro Berra, Sandra M Ferreira, Susana F Llesuy
The aim of this study was to evaluate the time course of oxidative stress markers and inflammatory mediators in human conjunctival epithelial cells (IOBA-NHC) exposed to diesel exhaust particles (DEP) for 1, 3, and 24 h. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, lipid and protein oxidation, Nrf2 pathway activation, enzymatic antioxidants, glutathione (GSH) levels and synthesis, as well as cytokine release and cell proliferation were analyzed. Cells exposed to DEP showed an increase in ROS at all time points...
March 7, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
A R Ramirez, O L Acosta, M B Maya, M El-Hafidi
In metabolic diseases such as obesity, metabolic syndrome and type II diabetes, the over-expression of uncoupling proteins (UCPs) in a response to increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by mitochondrial respiratory complexes, and to the excess of free fatty acid (FFA) supply from adipose tissue, may protect cells from oxidative stress, lipotoxicity and in turn from death. UCPs by reducing superoxide anion and H2O2 generation trigger several signals to cell for their adaptation to the lipotoxic microenvironment...
March 7, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
Violeta D Alvarez-Jiménez, Kahiry Leyva-Paredes, Mariano García-Martínez, Luis Vázquez-Flores, Víctor Gabriel García-Paredes, Marcia Campillo-Navarro, Israel Romo-Cruz, Víctor Hugo Rosales-García, Jessica Castañeda-Casimiro, Sirenia González-Pozos, José Manuel Hernández, Carlos Wong-Baeza, Blanca Estela García-Pérez, Vianney Ortiz-Navarrete, Sergio Estrada-Parra, Jeanet Serafín-López, Isabel Wong-Baeza, Rommel Chacón-Salinas, Iris Estrada-García
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). In the lungs, macrophages and neutrophils are the first immune cells that have contact with the infecting mycobacteria. Neutrophils are phagocytic cells that kill microorganisms through several mechanisms, which include the lytic enzymes and antimicrobial peptides that are found in their lysosomes, and the production of reactive oxygen species. Neutrophils also release extracellular vesicles (EVs) (100-1,000 nm in diameter) to the extracellular milieu; these EVs consist of a lipid bilayer surrounding a hydrophilic core and participate in intercellular communication...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Kang Wang, Lei Hu, Jian-Kang Chen
Recent preclinical and clinical evidence suggests that hyperuricemia (HU) is an independent risk factor for metabolic syndrome, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease. Receptor-interacting protein 3 (RIP3) is an important contributor in inducing programmed necrosis, representing a newly identified mechanism of cell death combining features of both apoptosis and necrosis. In our study, RIP3 was strongly expressed in mice with hyperuricemia. RIP3 deficiency attenuated hyperuricemia in mice, evidenced by reduced serum uric acid and creatinine and enhanced urinary uric acid and creatinine, as well as the improved histological alterations in renal sections...
March 5, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Sabrina S Schatzman, Valeria C Culotta
Superoxide anion radical is generated as a natural byproduct of aerobic metabolism, but is also produced as part of the oxidative burst of the innate immune response design to kill pathogens. In living systems, superoxide is largely managed through superoxide dismutases (SODs), families of metalloenzymes that use Fe, Mn, Ni or Cu cofactors to catalyze the disproportionation of superoxide to oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. Given the bursts of superoxide faced by microbial pathogens, it comes as no surprise that SOD enzymes play important roles in microbial survival and virulence...
March 8, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
Lan Ching Sim, Jing Lin Wong, Chen Hong Hak, Jun Yan Tai, Kah Hon Leong, Pichiah Saravanan
Carbon dots (CDs) and graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3 N4 ) composites (CD/g-C3 N4 ) were successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal method using urea and sugarcane juice as starting materials. The chemical composition, morphological structure and optical properties of the composites and CDs were characterized using various spectroscopic techniques as well as transmission electron microscopy. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) results revealed new signals for carbonyl and carboxyl groups originating from the CDs in CD/g-C3 N4 composites while X-ray diffraction (XRD) results showed distortion of the host matrix after incorporating CDs into g-C3 N4 ...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
A P K Riffel, M C Q Santos, J A de Souza, T Scheid, A Horst, C Kolberg, A Belló-Klein, W A Partata
Vitamin E (vit. E) and vitamin C (vit. C) are antioxidants that inhibit nociception. The effect of these vitamins on oxidative-stress markers in the spinal cord of rats with chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve is unknown. This study investigated the effect of intraperitoneal administration of vit. E (15 mg·kg-1·day-1) and vit. C (30 mg·kg-1·day-1), given alone or in combination, on spinal cord oxidative-stress markers in CCI rats. Adult male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g were divided equally into the following groups: Naive (rats did not undergo surgical manipulation); Sham (rats in which all surgical procedures involved in CCI were used except the ligature), and CCI (rats in which four ligatures were tied loosely around the right common sciatic nerve), which received injections of vitamins or vehicle (saline containing 1% Tween 80) for 3 or 10 days (n=6/each group)...
March 1, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Rongjun Liu, Liangliang Zhang, Yunyun Chen, Zirong Huang, Yong Huang, Shulin Zhao
Superoxide anion (O2•-) and hydroxyl radical (•OH) are important reactive oxygen species (ROS) used as biomarkers in physiological and pathological processes. The ROS generation is closely related to the development of a variety of inflammatory diseases. However, in situ tracing inflammation process by real time monitoring the changes of ROS is difficult owing to short half-lives of ROS and high tissue autofluorescence in vivo. Here we developed a new near-infrared (NIR) ratiometric fluorescence imaging approach by using a förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-base ratiometric fluorescent nanoprobe for real-time monitoring O2•- and •OH generation, and in situ tracing inflammation process in vivo...
March 7, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Daniel Hirshberg, Daniel Sharon, Michal Afri, Ronit Lavi, Aryeh Frimer, Noa Metoki, Noam Eliaz, Won-Jin Kwak, Yang-Kook Sun, Doron Aurbach
We have developed a new effective in-operando methodology for investigating oxygen reduction reactions (ORR) and their mechanisms in non-aqueous solutions, based on UV-Vis spectroscopy in conjunction with various electrochemi-cal techniques. We can follow in-situ the formation and presence of superoxide moieties during ORR as a function of the solvent, cations, anions and additives in solution. Thus, using in-operando UV-Vis spectroscopy, we found evidence for the formation of superoxide radical anions during oxygen reduction in LiTFSI/diglyme electrolyte solutions...
March 7, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sara Franceschelli, Daniela Maria Pia Gatta, Mirko Pesce, Alessio Ferrone, Giuseppe Di Martino, Marta Di Nicola, Maria Anna De Lutiis, Ester Vitacolonna, Antonia Patruno, Alfredo Grilli, Mario Felaco, Lorenza Speranza
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a clinical condition characterized by reflux of gastroduodenal contents in the oesophagus, has proved to demonstrate a strong link between oxidative stress and the development of GERD. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been universally accepted as first-line therapy for management of GERD. The potential benefits of electrolysed reduced water (ERW), rich in molecular hydrogen, in improving symptoms and systemic oxidative stress associated with GERD was assessed. The study was performed on 84 GERD patients undergoing control treatment (PPI + tap water) or experimental treatment (PPI + ERW) for 3 months...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Zhong-Wei Zhang, Meng-Xia Li, Bo Huang, Ling-Yang Feng, Fan Wu, Yu-Fan Fu, Xiao-Jian Zheng, Hong-Qian Peng, Yang-Er Chen, Hai-Ning Yang, Lin-Tao Wu, Ming Yuan, Shu Yuan
Nitric oxide (NO) has a general inhibitory effects on chlorophyll biosynthesis, especially to the step of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) biosynthesis and protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) to chlorophyllide (Chlide) conversion (responsible by the NADPH:Pchlide oxidoreductase POR). Previous study suggested that barley large POR aggregates may be generated by dithiol oxidation of cysteines of two POR monomers, which can be disconnected by some reducing agents. POR aggregate assembly may be correlated with seedling greening in barley, but not in Arabidopsis...
March 3, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"